IRCC Minister Sean Fraser

Here Are IRCC New Updated Online Processing Times – Nov 16!


IRCC changed their online processing tool in the beginning of 2022, to offer accurate information on processing timelines. Immigration Minister Sean Fraser announced this modification on March 31, 2022, as part of an effort to improve Canadian immigration system. This page contains the latest processing times from the IRCC website as of November 16, 2022.

Processing Times for Citizenship & PR cards

Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
Citizenship grant24 monthsNo Change
Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship)16 monthsNo Change
Resumption of citizenship34 monthsNo Change
Renunciation of Citizenship17 monthsNo Change
Search of citizenship records15 monthsNo Change
New PR card107 days+ 5 Days
PR card renewals90 daysNo Change

Processing Time for Family Sponsorship

Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
Spouse or common-law partner living outside Canada20 monthsNo Change
Spouse or common-law partner living inside Canada14 monthsNo Change
Parents or Grandparents PR37 monthsNo Change

Processing time for Canadian Passport 

Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted in person at Service Canada Centre – Passport services)10 business daysNo Change
In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted by mail to Service Canada Centre)20 business daysNo Change
In-Canda Urgent pick-upBy the end of next business dayNo Change
In-Canada Express pick-up2-9 business daysNo Change
Regular passport application mailed from outside Canada20 daysNo Change

Processing time for Economic Class

Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
Canadian Experience Class (CEC) 19 monthsNo Change
Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) 27 monthsNo Change
Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)49 monthsNo Change
Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) vis Express Entry14 monthsNo Change
Non-Express Entry PNP22 monthsNo Change
Quebec Skilled Worker22 monthsNo Change
Quebec Business Class65 monthsNo Change
Federal Self-Employed42 monthsNo Change
Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)14 monthsNo Change
Start-Up Visa31 monthsNo Change


Processing Time for Temporary Residence Application 

Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
Visitor visa outside CanadaVaries by country
India: 164 days
Nigeria: 190 Days
United States: 64 Days
Pakistan: 215 Days
Philippines: 130 Days
UAE: 193 Days
Bangladesh: 127 Days
Sri Lanka: 199 Days
United Kingdom: 146 Days
+ 2 Days for India
Visitor visa inside CanadaOnline: 20 days
Paper-Based: 45 days
No Change
Parents or Grandparents SupervisaVaries by country
India: 153 days
Nigeria: 238 Days
United States: 547 Days
Pakistan: 252 Days
Philippines: 190 Days
UAE: 178 Days
Bangladesh: 203 Days
Sri Lanka: 286 Days
United Kingdom: 178 Days
+ 15 Days for India
Visitor Extension (Visitor Record)Online: 204 days
Paper-Based: 168 days
+ 3 Days (Online)
– 5 Days (Paper-Based
)
Study Permit Outside Canada12 Weeks– 1 Week
Study Permit Inside Canada4 WeeksNo Change
Study Permit ExtensionOnline: 74 Days
Paper-Based: 79 Days
– 4 Days (Online)
+ 6 Days (Paper-Based
)
Work Permit Outside Canada*Varies by country
India: 14 Weeks
Nigeria: 33 Weeks
United States: 14 Weeks
Pakistan: 58 Weeks
Philippines: 12 Weeks
UAE: 30 Weeks
Bangladesh: 34 Weeks
Sri Lanka: 26 Weeks
United Kingdom: 11 Weeks
No Change
Work Permit Inside CanadaOnline: 168 Days
Paper-Based: 84 Days
– 1 Day (Online)
+ 1 Day (Paper-Based)
International Experience Canada (Current Season)**6 Weeks– 1 Week
Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)5 minutesNo Change

What Updates Does the Processing Time Include 

IRCC bases processing time on the time it took to process prior similar applications. The processing period begins when the application is received by IRCC and concludes when the immigration officer makes a decision on the application. Furthermore, the processing time may differ depending on whether the application was filed on paper or online.

These processing times are designed to offer new weekly timelines from the preceding 6 months’ data. Furthermore, it correlates the application volume with operational issues to assist future immigrants in better planning their journey.

Source: IRCC

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  • OINP Express Entry Skilled Trades Stream: Here Is Full Eligibility

    If you are a foreign national with work experience in eligible skilled trades, you can apply for a nomination and get permanent residency in Ontario. Below, you can learn about the six eligibility requirements for the OINP Express Entry Skilled Trades stream.

    Overview of Ontario Express Entry Skilled Trades stream

    The Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) has an immigration stream called Express Entry Skilled Trades Stream. It enables foreign nationals with relevant skilled trades work experience to apply for permanent residence to live and work permanently in Ontario.

    Before you can submit an online application to be recommended for permanent residence by the OINP, you must have a current profile in the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) Express Entry system, and you received a Notification of Interest (NOI) from Ontario in a PNP draw.

    If you receive a nomination, the next step is applying to the federal government through IRCC. The federal government has the final say on who gets permanent residency. 

    You must first meet the eligibility requirements for Ontario’s Express Entry Skilled Trades Stream to apply. Below is how to meet the eligibility requirements. 



    Ontario Express Entry Skilled Trades Stream requirements

    Work Experience Requirements 

    To be eligible, you must meet the following requirements: 

    • Have a minimum of one year of cumulative paid full-time work experience (or the equivalent in paid part-time work) in Ontario Major Groups 72
      • excluding occupations under transportation officers, 73, 82, 83, 93 (excluding aircraft assemblers and aircraft assembly inspectors), or Minor Group 6320 (excluding cooks), as per the National Occupational Classification (NOC)

    Previous work experience 

    Your previous employment must be:

    • Acquired within the two years before the date you submitted your application to the OINP.
    • In one or more of the occupations listed on your Express Entry profile
    • In Ontario, while you maintained a legal status in Canada

     Cumulative work experience 

    Having cumulative work experience means your total work experience adds up to one year. However, it does not be one year of continuous work. 

    Full-time and part-time work experience 

    Full-time work implies working in a paid position for at least 30 hours per week, totalling a minimum of 1,560 hours of paid work in one year. 

    Equivalent part-time employment entails

    • Working at least 15 hours per week for two years, accumulating at least 1,560 hours in that time period, or
    • Working in more than one job for a minimum of 30 hours per week for one year, resulting in at least 1,560 paid work in that year. 

    Other work experience requirements 

    • Your work experience needs to have been obtained over a minimum of one year.
    • A total of 1,560 hours of work experience obtained in less than a year does not qualify.
    • Only work experience obtained after being qualified to practice that occupation in Ontario will qualify if you worked in a compulsory trade.
    • Paid work experience earned while attending a post-secondary institution full-time (for example, on a co-op work term) and self-employment is not qualified.
    • Volunteering and unpaid internships are not considered work experience.

    Getting a licence or certificate 

    Suppose you are claiming work experience in a compulsory trade. In that case, even if you are no longer working in a trade occupation, you must have a valid certificate or licence when applying to Ontario. 

    In addition, you must have a valid certificate or licence covering the work experience used to satisfy the minimum one year of work experience requirement in an eligible skilled trades occupation.

    Determine whether your job is in a compulsory trade, which requires a license.

    Ontario residency and legal status in Canada

    You must be a resident of Ontario with a valid work permit when you apply. If your work permit has expired, you can apply to the OINP if you have applied IRCC to renew or extend your work permit before it expires.

     In certain instances, you are considered to have implied status. Therefore, you can remain in Canada and continue to work under the same circumstances as your current work permit while the pending application decision is made. 

    However, you are not required to have a job when applying.

    Language Requirements For OINP Express Entry Skilled Trades Stream 

    You must be able to understand, write, read, and speak English or French at a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level 5 or above.

    Before applying to this program, you must complete an approved English or French language test to demonstrate that you have the required language skills. When you submit your application, your language test results should be less than two years old. 

    For English:

    There are two acceptable tests for English, which are:

    • International English Language Testing (IELTS)- General Training test
    • Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP)- General test 

    For French: 

    • Test d’évaluation de français pour le Canada (TEF)
    • Test de connaissance du français pour le Canada (TCF Canada)

    Settlement funds requirements 

    When you move to Canada, you must have the resources to sustain yourself and any dependant family members.

    Remember that a family member can include your spouse, common-law partner, and children below or not yet 22 years old. 

    You can fulfill the settlement fund requirement by selecting one or a combination of the following:

    • Funds as evidenced by bank statement balances or statements of accounts displaying other investments such as non-locked-in, fixed-term deposits, mutual funds, etc 
    • Annual earnings from an ongoing job in Ontario
    • Having a job offer in Ontario 

    The total amount of money you must have available depends on your family size. Check out the table below for your reference.

    Ontario PNP Express Entry Stream

    You can also combine your income from your current job and savings to prove that you meet the settlement fund requirement. 

    For example, suppose you’ve calculated how much money you’ll need based on your family size and determined that you’ll need $29,000. You have a job offer in Ontario with an annual salary of $25,000 and a savings account balance of $5,000, for a total of $30,000. You could meet the settlements fund requirement by combining your job offer and bank statement.

    Please remember that if you provide bank statements that include a big one-time deposit, you may need to provide additional evidence to prove that your finances are free of debt or liabilities.

    The desire to reside in Ontario

    You must intend to dwell in Ontario after being granted permanent residence. While assessing your application, the government may determine this by looking at your ties to Ontario, which can include the following

    • Currently working or have prior work experience in Ontario 
    • Applying for jobs in Ontario and getting job offers and interview 
    • Have studied Ontario 
    • volunteering experience in the province 
    • Have a lease or own property 
    • Visited Ontario 
    • Possess professional networks and affiliations or family ties and personal relationships

    Source: OINP


  • Childcare In Canada – Here Is All You Need To Know!

    The journey might sound too overwhelming if you are getting permanent residency of Canada, starting a new life and have kids. As a parent, childcare is usually the top priority. Everyone wants to provide their child with the best care. However, it is also essential to manage the costs and ensure that the childcare service is top quality. 

    So, if you have a child or are planning on having one, you are in the right place. This article lists the many childcare options in Canada. Also, it helps you understand the costs so that you can plan your budget accordingly. Moreover, it will also help you choose a service that is best suited to your needs.

    Types of child care in Canada

    In Canada, there are many options available for child care. A few examples of these are – daycare centres, home daycare, nannies, and preschools. Some of the services are regulated while others might be unregulated.

    Regulated services are monitored, licensed, and regulated by provincial and territorial authorities. Examples of these are full-day childcare, home child care, and school-age child care.

    On the other hand, unregulated child care is provided either in the caregiver’s or the child’s own home. In such cases, it is the parent’s responsibility to assess the quality of child care provided.

    Moreover, you will have to manage your relationship with the caregiver. Listed below are the different kinds of child care in Canada – 

    childcare in canada

    Full-day child care centres

    These centres are inspected regularly by government officials. Full-day child care should be licensed and meet the province’s regulations. These include group size, staff training requirements, physical space, nutrition, health and safety, and so on.  Any childcare centre that is not licensed cannot operate anywhere in Canada.

    Part-day programs

    These programs are regulated in almost all provinces through the same licensing systems as full-day programs. However, some requirements may be different. Also, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, and Yukon allow unlicensed part-day programs. Examples of such programs are nursery schools or preschools.

    School-age programs

    These programs are regulated in all provinces, usually up to age 12. However, starting age and specific requirements for school-age programs vary. Some before and after-school programs, recreational and skill-building programs, as well as programs for young school-aged children during summers and school holidays are not required to be licensed

    Regulated family child care (home child care)

    This program is available in all provinces. It is provided to a group of children in a caregiver’s own home. In some provinces, regulated family childcare homes are inspected or monitored by a government official.

    They make regular visits. Some regulations in this program include the physical environment, number of children by age, record keeping, nutrition, health and safety, and also sometimes caregiver training.



    Cost of childcare in Canada

    Child care is expensive in Canada and varies by province. So, it often becomes a challenge to find affordable child care. The monthly cost can be around $179 to $1,934 CAD depending on the province.

    In Quebec, Prince Edward Island, Manitoba, and Newfoundland, and Labrador half of the childcare spaces are at a provincially-set fee. Child care in Toronto is the most expensive.

    Also, Markham, Mississauga, Oakville, Richmond Hill, and Vaughan, all cities in the GTA (Greater Toronto Area) follow with the highest median fees for childcare. The cities with the lowest fees for infant care are in Quebec. Winnipeg also has affordable childcare. 

    How to find a perfect childcare option 

    Listed below are the steps you should take to find childcare that best suits your situation – 

    • Search for Child Care Services in your city. You can find them on your city’s website or the province’s Ministry of Education website. This will provide you with a list of licensed centers in your neighborhood.
    • Choose the location that best suits for based on your work location or home. Ask about their hours of operation. See if they match the days and times when you’ll need childcare
    • Check the environment of the childcare. It should be welcoming, safe, and child friendly. 
    • Confirm that the provider is licensed, regulated, or monitored by the government. Confirm their qualifications. See if the staff is trained in providing emergency first aid.
    • Lastly, ask about the fees and see if it fits your budget. 

    Tips for newcomers to Canada

    Here are a few tips for newcomers- 

    Budgeting – It is important to budget your expenses. Note down all your monthly costs. This will help you better plan your finances and choose the right kind of childcare program. Also, this helps you decide if you should go for private or public care. For example, hiring a nanny may prove to be slightly more cost-effective if you have two or more kids. 

    Grants – The federal government offers Canada Child Benefit to families with children. This grant provides a tax-free monthly payment to all eligible families living in Canada to assist with the cost of raising children under the age of 18. You should apply for these grants. 

    Subsidies – All provinces provide childcare subsidies. However, the criteria, limits, and options may vary depending on the province. You should consider this. You can Reach out to your nearest newcomer settlement centre for assistance.


  • Inland Vs Outland Canada Spousal Sponsorship Applications!

    Inland Vs Outland Canada Spousal Sponsorship: When applying for spousal sponsorship, you have two options: either as an in-land or outland. Both application types have different processing times and requirements to maintain. 

    One frequently asked question is whether you should apply as an inland or outland applicant for spousal sponsorship. The answer depends on your situation and needs. For example, it is best to submit your application as an outland applicant if you need to travel or be outside Canada. 

    However, if you prefer to work and remain inside Canada, the most suitable option is to apply as an inland spousal applicant. 

    Often, most people want to take both options: to work in Canada and depart when needed. However, leaving Canada while your application is processing comes with several risks that can lead to application refusal or denied entry at the border. 

    Hence, inland applicants are strongly advised to remain in Canada while their application is processing. The main reason is that if you depart Canada, you may not be allowed to re-enter. 



    Why should inland spousal sponsorship applicants not depart the country?  

    Considering that you enter Canada as a visitor, having family or spouse inside Canada sometimes serves as a disadvantage because, as a visitor, your stay in the country is limited to 6 months (if extension is not applied or status is changed). 

    Furthermore, when the border official is aware that your spouse or common-law partner is in Canada, it becomes harder, not easier, to enter. It may seem contradictory, but keep in mind that you are asking to enter as a guest at the port of entry, which means you are only visiting for a limited time and will return home after that. 

    If you have established your home with your spouse or common-law partner, you are not truly a genuine guest who intends to return home outside of Canada, and a border officer may reject your admission.

    Frequently Asked Questions about Class Sponsorships in Canada

    Can you depart Canada in case of an emergency? 

    If an emergency requires you to leave Canada, get in touch with a licensed immigration practitioner (consultant or lawyer) before you leave. It would help if you honestly weighed the importance of being allowed to travel against the risk you are taking with your application. 

    Nevertheless, there is documentation that you may prepare in advance that may help you at the port of entry upon your return.

    What to do if you have already left Canada and were denied entry?

    Unfortunately, you will need to start your sponsorship application again if you cannot return to Canada, this time with an outland spousal sponsorship application. 

    To begin a new application as an outland applicant, you must first withdraw your current ongoing application. Moreover, the $550 application fee may not be refundable if your application is already processed.

    You may be eligible for a refund if your application is not yet processed, but it is not guaranteed, and the refund process can take months. 

    Remember that applying again comes with a new set of updated forms, proof of support with a more current date, and sometimes new police clearances. 

    Nevertheless, it is important to note that numerous applicants for inland sponsorship do arrive and depart successfully. Every time they leave the country, though, they run the possibility of having their application for permanent residence delayed or denied if they can’t get back into Canada immediately.

     In addition, living together while the application was being processed is one of the requirements for approval of an inland sponsorship, so even if you are permitted to enter Canada again, a prolonged absence from the country can still present issues.

    Can you change your application from inland to outland or vice versa? 

    No, even though the application materials will be identical, an inland sponsorship has a different legal structure and procedure than an outland sponsorship. 

    Even separate IRCC offices handle the processing of the applications. You cannot request that an application be changed to a different stream once filed under one stream. Withdrawing your spousal sponsorship and submitting a fresh application would be the option if you discover that you must switch categories for some reason.

    For more details on spousal sponsorship, refer to official IRCC page.


  • Recommendations To Improve Canada Immigration Made By CIMM

    The Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration (CIMM) released a report, Promoting Fairness in Canada Immigration Decisions, where the Committee investigated visa outcomes in the immigration system. Upon examination, they found the system systematically and unjustifiably disfavours particular groups based on race and country of origin.

    As a result, the Committee makes wide-ranging suggestions to improve the immigration system, which consistently disadvantages some groups depending on race and country of origin.

    After hearing from several immigration advocates, lawyers, and settlement agency staff, the House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration decided to examine the immigration system. 



    CIMM’s Key recommendations for the immigration system 

    IRCC will share their response to the CIMM report and recommendations in a few months. Meanwhile, below are the key recommendations:

    • Visa officers should record applicant interviews to prevent miscommunication.
    • Ottawa should expand the extraordinary measures already available to Ukrainians, such as the provision allowing for the sponsorship of extended family members to people from other nations and regions experiencing humanitarian crises.
    • The Canadian government should establish a separate monitoring body responsible for the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), whose mandate should include dealing with racism and complaints concerning the agency. 
    • Immediate implementation of an Anti-Racism Quality Assurance process for decisions made by visa officers to investigate the impact of individual bias and systemic racism on decisions and refusal rates at visa offices
    • Requesting that Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) dedicate more resources to process caregiver permanent residency applications from all streams faster. 

    As per IRCC, they train all officers to assess all applications equally and use the same criteria regardless of their country of origin. With the upcoming reports, they are looking to examine the impact on racialized applicants and minority community members. 

    CIMM highlights longer wait times in application processing 

    According to the Committee’s information, waiting for durations for various refugee groups may differ depending on shifting government priorities and quotas.

    A non-denominational charitable group called Remember Ministries’ executive director, Jennifer Miedema informed the Committee that fund allocation tells you where priorities are placed or who are the favoured demographics.

    Miedema says that “the uneven distribution of delays equals the uneven distribution of suffering,” adding that even holding out hope for final resettlement could be harmful over a prolonged period of waiting and delay.

    Further, she explains the impact on refugees, as their hopes are raised when they submit their applications, but they need to wait for a year or two without any response. As a result, it has a heavy impact on their mental health. 

    According to the Parliamentary Committee, the government should raise the overall number of refugees it welcomes to Canada during a crisis rather than backtrack on or delay receiving those whose applications are currently on hold. 

    They also want a complete racial equity assessment of Canada’s immigration and refugee system and to allocate more resources to process and give priority to privately sponsored refugees. 

    An increasing number of federal appeals 

    The number of people requesting federal appeals to become new Canadians has increased seven times in the last three years. 

    The court system is becoming overburdened with these judicial requests to contest allegedly unjust decisions made by visa officers and procedural delays. These applications are a judicial remedy in the immigration context that compels the IRCC to carry out a public legal obligation owed to an applicant.

    The recording of candidate interviews has been recommended as a potential solution to help with court-ordered redeterminations of unsuccessful applications. According to Vancouver-based immigration lawyer Victor Ing, IRCC needs to be more transparent and honest with clients to avoid more mandamus applications.

    Next, the Committee highlighted the increased wait times in the caregiver program. 

    The caregiver Program has the longest wait times

    The Live-in Caregiver Program saw some of the longest wait times before and after the pandemic. For example, the average time to process caregiver visas in 2020 was about 57 months and two days. While in 2021, the wait time was 68 months plus one day to process applications. 

    As a result, 15,621 applications were pending or anticipated to be pending in the Home Child-Care Provider Pilot backlog as of December 31, 2021. In addition, there were 1,639 more applications in the Live-in Care Program’s database.

    Arlene Ruiz, a licensed and regulated immigration consultant and a recruiter from Alexene Immigration & Employment Services, informed the Committee that many caregivers are from the Philippines. For them, the delays in application processing cause breakdowns in their marriages and children growing out of their dependent status. 

    Immigration attorney Steven Meurrens also mentions that the IRCC lacks transparency, which adds to the problem. For example, the processing times mentioned on IRCC are inaccurate. Further, the Access to Information Act shows that there have been no caregiver files processed since 2019.

    Following this month’s announcement by the federal Minister of Immigration, Sean Fraser, that Canada aims to settle 500,000 new immigrants by 2025, a new report by the Parliament has been released.

    The announcement comes after a record-breaking year for immigration to Canada in 2021, when more than 405,000 people arrived. The nation is also dealing with an unprecedented backlog of visa applications, with 2.2 million being processed by IRCC as of this month.

    Source: CIMM Report


  • Know Latest Average Weekly Earnings In Canada & All The Provinces

    On November 24, 2022 – Statistics Canada released September 2022 data for average weekly earnings in Canada and all provinces. Due to administrative steps that lead to the collection and compilation of data from our widely dispersed Canada, this data is typically delayed by two months.

    In September 2022, the number of employees receiving pay or benefits from their employer increased by 85,300 (+0.5%), according to the Survey of Employment, Payrolls, and Hours. Average weekly earnings in Canada is at $1,175.37, an increase of 3.5% year-on-year.

    Overall, the payroll employment were largest in Quebec (+39,100; +1.0%), Ontario (+15,300; +0.2%), British Columbia (+10,500; +0.4%) and Alberta (+10,400; +0.5%). The only province to see a decrease in payroll employment was Newfoundland and Labrador (-900; -0.4%).

    Overall, average weekly earnings increased by 3.5% year on year in September 2022, slightly higher than the 3.2% increase in August. Below are the province-wise and industry-wise weekly earnings as per Statistics Canada.

    Industry-Wise Weekly Earnings in Canada (Including overtime) – September 2022

    IndustryAverage Weekly Earnings
    Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction2304.44
    Utilities1927.56
    Finance and insurance1724.12
    Professional, scientific and technical services1639.86
    Information and cultural industries1621.54
    Public administration1532.19
    Management of companies and enterprises1493.67
    Construction1456.61
    Forestry, logging and support1411.59
    Wholesale trade1399.45
    Manufacturing1248.50
    Transportation and warehousing1226.55
    Real estate and rental and leasing1204.10
    Sector aggregate1175.37
    Educational services1145.01
    Health care and social assistance1016.67
    Other services (excluding public administration)981.10
    Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services952.89
    Arts, entertainment and recreation729.04
    Retail trade704.73
    Accommodation and food services468.30


    Province-Wise Weekly Earnings in Canada

    GeographyWeekly Earnings Sep 2022Weekly Earnings Aug 2022
    Nunavut$1593.33$1559.50
    Northwest Territories$1560.30$1552.27
    Yukon$1334.02$1348.75
    Alberta$1266.05$1257.16
    Ontario$1206.70$1198.79
    British Columbia$1175.98$1170.23
    Newfoundland and Labrador$1159.31$1145.71
    Saskatchewan$1155.70$1143.55
    Quebec$1118.25$1120.40
    New Brunswick$1082.99$1066.62
    Manitoba$1066.67$1070.27
    Nova Scotia$1020.83$1027.02
    Prince Edward Island$985.73$975.54

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Which Canadian province has the highest average weekly earnings?

    Nunavut has the highest weekly earnings at $1593.33 followed by Northwest Territories at $1560.30 and Yukon at $1334.02. However, these provinces have very low population being in the northern Canada.

    Alberta has the average weekly earnings of $1266.05 among the major Canadian provinces followed by Ontario at $1206.70 and British Columbia at $1175.98.

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Canada?

    Canada has the average weekly earnings of $1,175.37 as per latest data by Statistics Canada released on November 24, 2022.

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Ontario and British Columbia?

    Ontario has the average weekly earnings of $1206.70, while British Columbia has average weekly earnings at $1175.98

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Quebec?

    Quebec has an average weekly earnings of $1118.25

    Source: Statistics Canada


  • Canada Open Work Permit – All You Need To Know

    Most foreign nationals need a work permit to work in Canada; there are two types of work permits: open work permits and closed work permits. An open work permit allows you to work for any employer in Canada. In contrast, closed work permits are employer-specific, enabling you to work for a specific employer under particular conditions. 

    With an open work permit, you do not require any job offer or LMIA from a Canadian employer. Moreover, you can work a maximum of 40 hours per week on an open work permit. It also comes with the benefit of working anywhere in Canada with any employer. 

    However, a person can apply an open work permit in 11 scenarios as instructed by IRCC. In this article, you can learn about the eligibility requirements of an open work permit for Canada. 

    Who can apply Canada open work permit? 

    According to IRCC, an open work permit is only available in certain circumstances, and you may be eligible if you meet the following: 

    1. International students who have graduated from a designated learning institution and qualify for the Post-Graduation Work Permit Program
    2. Destitute students who can no longer afford to pay for their studies  
    3. Employer employer-specific work permit holders who are being or are at risk of being exploited in their job in Canada 
    4. Those who have applied for permanent residency in Canada and awaiting for decision on your application.
    5. Dependent family members of permanent resident applicants 
    6. Common-law partner or spouse of a skilled worker or of an international student 
    7. Spouse or common-law partner of Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program applicant 
    8. Refugee claimant, refugee, protected person or their dependent family members
    9. You are subject to an unenforceable removal order, meaning you have requested a federal judicial review, pre-removal risk assessment, or humanitarian and compassionate considerations in response to a removal order
    10. A temporary resident permit holder
    11. Young workers who participate in special programs such as CUSMA. 

    Please note that an open work permit allows you to work for any employer in Canada, excluding those who are:



    Work Permit General Requirements

    Depending on where you are when applying for an open work permit, you need to meet specific requirements. However, you must meet the following requirements regardless of where you are and the work permit type you apply for. 

    • Demonstrate to an official that you intend to depart Canada after your work permit expires;
    • Prove that you have sufficient funds to support yourself and your family members during your stay in Canada and return home;
    • Obey the law and have no criminal history (you may need to provide a police clearance if requested);
    • Not pose a security risk to Canada;
    • Be in good health and undergo a medical exam if needed
    • Not plan to employers work for an employer included on the list of employers who have failed to comply with the requirements with the status “ineligible”;
    • Have no intentions to work for a business that regularly provides striptease, exotic dance, escort services, or erotic massages; and
    • Provide the officer with any additional documents they request to confirm your eligibility to enter the country.

    How To Apply Canada Open Work Permit?

    There are different instructions to apply for Canada work permit depending on location. It depends whether you want to apply work permit from within Canada or outside Canada or at a Port of Entry (POE). Click here to get instructions depending upon your situation.


  • 4 Canada Study Permit Refusal Reasons And Your Options 

    Canada has become one of the most popular destinations for students. With growing interest in Canadian universities and colleges, the number of students applying for study permits has increased significantly. However, not all students get their study permit; according to IRCC, at least 30 percent are refused. 

    If your study permit is refused, you have two options: appeal the refusal or apply again, addressing the reasons for refusals. This article will help you identify 4 common reasons for study permit refusals and what you can do about them. 

    4 Common reasons for study permit refusals 

    Reason 1: The visa officer is not convinced you will leave the country after your studies

    A study permit is a temporary visa. Hence it has an expiration date and a period of validity. You must demonstrate to the visa officer in your study permit application that you will depart the country when it expires. It does not prevent you from requesting to extend your study permit or request a permanent residence. 

    The government has created some initiatives to assist students in either transitioning to permanent residency or helping them stay and work in Canada after finishing their education.

    It implies that the visa officer must have faith in your ability to leave the country once your status has ended without violating the law. This is usually an issue if you don’t show valid reasons for wanting to go home.

    In most cases, your personal statement is the only opportunity to address this issue. However, you should revise your statement to address the visa officer’s concerns if your first application doesn’t persuade them. 

    In your updated personal statement, you can provide reasons to return home. It can include having family back home, job opportunities, property, etc. 



    Reason 2: lack of sufficient funds 

    When you apply for a study permit, you must show that you have the resources necessary to cover the cost of your travel to Canada, your tuition, and the living expenses of any family accompanying you while you take classes.

    The government often requests six months of bank statements to verify that you have sufficient funds. As a result, your application may get rejected if you do not have the resources to support yourself and your family in Canada. 

    If your application is refused due to a lack of sufficient funds to support yourself, you should pay close attention to the financial documents you included with your application. 

    Remember that the amount of funds you demonstrate in your application is to show the visa officer that you have enough funds to support yourself. It does not mean that you need to spend that amount of money. 

    Reason 3: Choice of program 

    Applications for study permits may occasionally be rejected if the visa officer doesn’t understand the reasoning behind your program of choice. 

    For instance, someone who wishes to study hospitality or travel management and has a bachelor’s degree in nursing from India and four years of experience as a nurse does not explain the program choice. In addition, the applicant’s educational background and career history don’t seem to fit very well with the chosen program in Canada.

    In your personal statement, you must precisely clarify why you wish to study the program you have chosen if, in light of your prior education or professional experience, it seems out of the ordinary. Furthermore, accessing the visa officer’s notes can be quite beneficial.

    Applicants typically have good reasons for selecting the schools they apply to, even if they don’t seem obvious. To ensure that the immigration officer understands your decision, you must express your motivation to them clearly. 

    Reason 4: Your Letter of Acceptance is from a non-DLI 

    A letter of acceptance from a Canadian educational institution is required before you can apply for a study permit. Your acceptance letter must come from a Canadian-designated learning institution (DLI) registered with the government. 

    Additionally, you must satisfy all program criteria. The visa officer may reject your acceptance letter if they have issues with its validity or your ability to fulfill the program’s requirements.

    You can reapply to a DLI and get a new acceptance letter to resolve this issue. For example, suppose the visa officer has concerns about your ability to fulfill program requirements, such as not having required IELTS scores or meeting specific program requirements.

    In that case, you can provide additional documents showing how you meet the requirements or reappear for IELTS with better scores. 


  • Atlantic Immigration Program Eligibility With New TEER NOC

    The Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP) provides a pathway to permanent residency for qualified foreign workers and international graduates who desire to work and live in one of Canada’s four Atlantic provinces; Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island.

    Therefore, those struggling due to high CRS scores in Express Entry can consider this pathway a potential option. Furthermore, TEER 4 (or NOC C) are also eligible for Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP). This article enlists the program requirements and how you can qualify for the program. 

    Who can apply for the Atlantic Immigration Program? 

    If you would like to participate in this program, you must meet the following eligibility requirements: 

    • Posses qualifying work experience, unless you are an international graduate from a recognized post-secondary Atlantic Canada institution 
    • Satisfy the education requirements 
    • Meet the language requirements 
    • Have sufficient funds to support yourself and your accompanying family member
      • However, if you are already living and working in Canada on a valid work permit, you do not need to show proof of funds. 

    If you fulfill all these requirements, you can begin looking for work with a designated Atlantic employer. Below, you can find a detailed explanation of all the required eligibility criteria. 



    Work experience requirements 

    In the last five years, you must have worked 30 hours per week for at least one year, totalling 1,560 hours. 

    Here’s how you can calculate your hours: 

    • Calculate the hours worked in part-time and full-time jobs. 
    • Only count the hours for paid work, where volunteering or unpaid internships do not count. 
    • Do not count hours when you are self-employed. 
    • Include hours worked inside or outside Canada, and ensure that you were legally authorized to work in Canada as a temporary resident. 
    • In your calculations, count the hours you accumulated over at least 12 months. 
    • Count job experience gained while studying as long as the work hours do not exceed the maximum allowed. 

    The acquired work experience should be among the following  National Occupational Classification (NOC) TEERs.

    • TEER 0 (management jobs such as restaurant managers or mine managers)
    • TEER 1 (professional jobs that usually need a degree from a university, such as doctors, dentists or architects)
    • TEER 2 (technical jobs and skilled trades requiring at least 2 years of college or apprenticeship, or occupations with supervisory or safety responsibilities such as police officers and firefighters)
    • TEER 3 (technical jobs and skilled trades requiring less than 2 years of college or apprenticeship; or more than 6 months of on-the-job training)
    • TEER 4 (intermediate jobs that usually call for high school and/or several weeks of job-specific training, such as industrial butchers, long-haul truck drivers, or food and beverage servers)

    Your work experience must include most of the primary responsibilities in your NOC’s description and the main duties. 

    Requirements for international graduates 

    If you are an international graduate, you do not need to satisfy the work experience requirements. However, you must meet the following criteria: 

    • Have a degree, diploma, certificate, or trade or apprenticeship that
    • You were a full-time student for the entire time you were studying.
    • Lived in one of the four provinces for at least 16 months in the last two years before graduation, these provinces include:
      • New Brunswick
      • Nova Scotia
      • Newfoundland and Labrador or
      • Prince Edward Island
    • Had a valid permit while studying, living or working in Canada 

    Education requirements 

    You must meet one of the following requirements: 

    • If you have a job offer at the NOC 2021 TEER 0 or 1 category, you must have a Canadian one-year post-secondary educational credential or higher, or the equivalent from outside Canada.
    • If you have a job offer at the NOC 2021 TEER 2, 3 or 4 category, you must have a Canadian high school diploma, or the equivalent from outside Canada.

    If you studied outside of Canada, you would need an educational credential assessment (ECA) to demonstrate that your studies are at or above the required level of education for your employment offer.

    Additionally, your educational credential assessment (ECA) must be under five years old from the date you submit your application. 

    Language requirements 

    You must fulfill the minimal language criteria for the NOC category applicable to your employment offer. It might be either the meeting of the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) for English or Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (NCLC) for French. 

    Each NOC category’s minimum language requirements are: 

    • CLB/NCLC 5 for TEER 0, 1, 2 or 3
    • CLB/NCLC 4 for TEER 4

    Ensure that your language results are from a designated language testing organization, which must be less than two years old when you apply. 

    Required settlement funds

    Unless you already have a valid work permit and are currently working in Canada, you must demonstrate that you have enough funds to sustain yourself and your family after arriving in Canada.

    Some of the other requirements are you:

    • Can not borrow settlement funds from another person.
      • Must have this money to cover your family’s living expenses even if they are not coming with you. 
    • Provide evidence to your home country’s Canadian visa office that you have sufficient funds when you apply to immigrate. 
    • The amount of money required to sustain your family depends on the size of your family. These fund requirements are updated each year. 
    Number of family members
    (including those you support that aren’t immigrating with you)
    Funds required
    (in Canadian dollars)
    1$3,327
    2$4,142
    3$5,092
    4$6,183
    5$7,013
    6$7,909
    7$8,806
    For each additional family member$896

    Getting a job offer 

    As mentioned earlier, you need a job offer from designated employers from one of the four provinces. You can find these employers on each province’s website:

    The job offer must meet all of the following requirements: 

    • In addition, the job offer should be full-time, non-seasonal and have consistent and regularly scheduled paid employment throughout the year.  
    • Employers must offer you a position that will last at least one year for NOC 2021 TEER 0, 1, 2, or 3 category (1 year from when you become a permanent resident).
    • The employer must offer you permanent employment with no set end date for NOC 2021 TEER 4 category job offers.
    • The employment offer cannot come from a firm in which you or your spouse possess majority ownership.
    • Unless you are an international graduate from a recognized post-secondary institution in Atlantic Canada, the job offer must be at the same or higher TEER level than the work experience that qualified you for the position (see the chart below).
    • Certain healthcare industry occupations may not require a job offer at the same or higher TEER level as the qualifying work experience.
      • For example, work experience in NOC 32101 (licensed practical nurses) and NOC 31301 (registered nurses) can be used as qualifying work experience if you have a job offer in NOC 33102 (nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates) or NOC 44101 (home health care workers).

    Qualifying work experience requirement for each NOC level job offer

    NOC 2021 TEER job offer categoryWork experience requirement
    TEER 0TEER 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
    TEER 1TEER 1, 2, 3, 4
    TEER 2TEER 2, 3, 4
    TEER 3TEER 3, 4
    TEER 4TEER 4

    Source: IRCC


  • Canada Study Visa interview – Here Is How To Ace It

    Each year hundreds of students move to Canada for their higher education. This is because of the high-quality education system here. The openness and grandeur of the Canadian culture attract students from all around the world. To study in Canada you must apply for a study visa. You need to submit a few documents to get your study visa for Canada.

    After you have submitted your documents, you need to provide your bio-metrics. Once this is done you might get a call to attend an interview. This is one of the final steps in the student visa application. Please note that it is not necessary that you will definitely be called for a study visa interview. However, recently most students who have applied for a study visa are being called for an interview.

    Once the visa officer reviews your application, they decide whether they want to interview you. Also, they inform you in advance if and when you have to come for the interview. This article lists tips about preparing for the interview.

    Tips to prepare yourself before the study visa interview

    It is always a good idea to be fully prepared for the interview. This will make you come across as a confident and genuine person student who is going to Canada for studies only. Here is what you should do before the interview –

    Work on your English – One of the most important tips to ace your interview is to work on your English language skills. A visa officer will assess your language skills during the interview. So, make sure that you work on improving your fluency. 

    Research – You should do your research so that you can answer any questions about the city, your academic institution, and your program. Spend some time to understand what classes are like and the overall culture of Canada. 

    Financial Plans – It is also important for you to go through your financial plans, budget, and estimated expenses. You should be able to answer any questions about this. The officer might ask you about your family’s financial status. Also, you should know about any financial loans you or your family have taken.

    Practice – It is rightly said that practice makes a man perfect. So, make sure to practice enough before the interview. Try answering a few basic questions in front of a mirror. Make sure your body language is good. If not, work on it. Also, you can do mock interviews at home with your family members. 



    Tips for the study visa interview  

    Listed below are ​​ some last-minute preparations that can help you to feel more confident during the interview – 

    Dress well – You should wear professional clothes. This will make you look neat and sharp. Moreover, it will set a good first impression. 

    Punctuality – One of the most important things is to be on time. Going in late for the interview will leave a negative impression. Also, interviewers have limited time so being late might just rush your interview. 

    Body Language – You should walk in with confidence. Greet the officer with a smile. Also, pay attention to everything that the visa officer asks. Provide a clear and concise answer. All of this leaves a good impression. 

    Honesty – Lastly, make sure, to be honest during the interview. The interviewer just wants to know if you are someone who genuinely wants to study abroad. So, there is no need to lie. Also, officers are usually experienced enough to find out if you are lying. 

    Sample Questions For Study Visa interview:

    Below mentioned are some sample questions and possible answers. However, do not cram these answers and provide your response based on your individual profiles.

    1. How are you doing today?

    Briefly describe your feelings. You don’t need to be concerned because they are some of the most typical daily-life queries. Say something like, “Good, thank you, how about you?”

    2. Why did you select specific college/university?

    Highlight the benefits of attending that particular college/institute/university based on your research. Furthermore, you can always highlight the college’s distinct advantages.

    3. Why did you select Canada?

    Discuss your previous studies and future study intentions in Canada. You may be required to explain why you cannot locate something equivalent in your home country. Potentially, mention the availability of world-class teaching facilities in Canada as one of the reasons for selecting Canada for higher education.

    4. Have you ever travelled to Canada in the past?

    Answer; yes or no. If yes, then describe your travel history and provide facts such as the purpose of the trip, the length of stay, and so on.

    5. Have you applied to other colleges or universities?

    Be candid and discuss your applications briefly (if any). The Officer may ask you additional questions to assess your commitment to furthering your education.

    6. Details of your study course in Canada, and why?

    Make sure you know start and finish dates of the course/program. Conduct research to understand the significance of the course/program and to showcase its advantages. You can compose a statement that highlights how this particular program/course will help you improve your career based on your previous studies and experience, as well as your enthusiasm in that particular course/program.

    7. What is your father/occupation? mother’s

    This an example of basic question that you should be able to answer without any hesitation. Mention your father’s or mother’s occupation. The Officer may ask more questions to determine your parents’ financial situation.

    8. Who will pay for your costs in Canada?

    Mention the specifics, depending on whether it is supported by your parents or a bank through a student loan. This question will also validate the information you gave on the visa application form and should be consistent with your financial proofs attached while applying for the study visa.

    9. Are you travelling with someone or on your own?

    Answer this question confidently and, if feasible, provide the explanation about .

    10. Do you have any Canadian relatives or friends?

    Answer; yes or no. Mention your relationship with any relatives if you have one in Canada. If you say no, then just answer to the point. Provide explanation if further asked by the interviewing officer.

    11. In your home country, where do you live or/and study?

    Again, this is the basic information that you must know and should be consistent with what you mentioned on your visa application. Mention the location’s name and convey your desire to return after the course/program is over. Include the college/institution and city where you completed your undergraduate studies.

    12. Will you be working in Canada?

    If your course allows you to work while studying, express your desire to work there to advance your career or support yourself; however, if your visa does not allow you to work in Canada, inform the Officer that you do not intend to work there and would like to return once the course/program is completed.

    13. Will you return to your home country after completing your studies? and Why?

    All the study visa applicants should be able to convince visa officer/interviewer that they will return to their home country after prescribed tenure of their study in Canada. Mention the reason you chose to study in Canada (answer why not study it in your country).
    Provide a concise and honest answer explaining what you intend to do when you return to your native country.

    Property in your name (or the name of your parent) in your native country. This might be land, a home, or a company. Additionally, explaining that your immediate family (wife and children) are in your country.

    In nutshell, your answers should be in line with the information mentioned by you or your agent/consultant on the application for study visa. Any inconsistency, may result in visa refusal.


  • Canada Work Culture – Know How To Adapt As A Newcomer!

    As a newcomer to Canada, it is common to face challenges in adapting to a new culture. Most immigrants bring valuable knowledge and skills to the Canadian market. But they are hesitant in applying to jobs. So, if you are new to Canada and are facing challenges in starting or advancing your career, don’t worry we have got you covered. 

    Often these challenges are because you might be unaware of the differences between the work environment in your home country and in Canada. This can be in regard to networking, communication, feedback, and so on.

    As a newcomer, it is important to familiarize yourself with the Canadian work culture. This will not only help you to work well in a team but will also help you grow your career. Also, this helps avoid any misunderstanding. 

    So, take some time and adopt these tips to adapt to the Canadian work culture:

    1. Focus on your Soft Skills

    The Canadian work culture focuses a lot on your soft skills. Having soft skills means being able to work in a team, being flexible, and having good time management practices. Also, it is important that you have a positive attitude. Always take initiative in your team. Canadian work culture often values these skills more than your “hard skills”. 

    2. Small talks

    Small talks is integral to Canadian culture. This applies to your workplace as well. So, always indulge in small talk in your meetings. It helps you know other people and understand any common interests that you may have. Some common topics for small talk could be weather, sports, or movies.


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    3. Punctuality

    Canadians value punctuality and time management a lot. Most people here don’t wait for more than 15 minutes if you’re late. It is considered disrespectful to keep people waiting. However, if you are running late, always send people a message. Let them know when they should expect you.

    If you are late to work regularly, you might be perceived as unprofessional. Also, it raises concerns about your time management skills Most workplaces have policies around punctuality and attendance. Make sure to follow them. By doing so, you can advance in the company.

    4. Equality

    Canadian workplaces pay a lot of emphasis on equality. People here are treated equally and fairly. People’s designation doesn’t determine respect. Even if you are an intern, you will be included in meetings and asked to share your views. Canadian workplaces are very diverse. Discrimination on the basis of age, gender, sexual orientation, or race is illegal. So, it is very important for you to appreciate and respect diversity and cultural differences. 

    5. Understand the non-verbal cues

    It is very important for you to understand the non-Verbal and subtle Cues in your workplace. You should try to learn and adopt these. A few examples of these are- maintaining eye contact during a conversation. This shows that you are interested in the conversation. Avoiding eye contact comes across as being untrustworthy, or having low self-confidence. Say good morning and goodbye at the end of the workday. These small gestures can go a long way. 


  • Canada Common-law Sponsorship – Errors You Need To Avoid

    Legal proof of a common-law relationship is more challenging to establish than legal proof of marriage. With a common-law relationship, you only have a collection of various pieces of evidence that, when taken together, form a picture of a committed relationship between two people.

    Therefore, the burden of proof falls heavily on a common-law applicant. If you are a potential common law sponsorship applicant, here are 4 common errors you can avoid in your application. 

    Error 1: Not meeting the common-law definition before applying

    Before submitting your application, you must confirm that you meet the IRCC’s common law definition. It requires you to have lived together continuously for at least a year to qualify for a common-law relationship

    Cohabitation, or living together, implies that you have lived at the same address as your partner for at least one year. If your partner is away to visit their family or due to any occasion, you should wait to apply until you have lived together continuously for 12 months.

    If you have not lived with your partner for 12 continuous months, you do not meet the definition of a common-law relationship

     However, if you and your partner were both travelling to visit relatives for an occasion, your continuous time together would make you eligible for common-law. This is because you do not need to be inside Canada, but you need to be together. 

    Whether you can have time apart under the common-law standards always comes up. But, in most cases, obtaining common-law status can proceed during relatively brief and temporary absences. The general guideline is that if you want to become common-law partners, you shouldn’t be separated for more than two weeks. 

    Additionally, it doesn’t matter if you are currently living together or not, provided you have lived together for at least 12 continuous months and can prove it. You are regarded as common law as long as your relationship endures.

    Another important aspect to remember is that you must have met the cohabitation requirements the day you sign your forms or apply together. Your application may be refused if you do not meet the eligibility requirements. 

    Error 2: Failing to provide evidence of a 12-month cohabitation

     Living together for at least a year is the main factor that distinguishes a common-law from other types of relationships. Therefore, you must include supporting documentation with your application demonstrating that you both resided at the same place for a minimum of a year. 

    Some of the acceptable proofs include the following:

    • Shared lease with both applicants’ names 
    • Receiving mail at the same address 
    • Your bank statements with the same address 
    • Shared bills 
    • Or any other evidence demonstrating your cohabitation 

    If you have relocated more than once in the past year, you should provide documentation connecting the two to each residence you have occupied.



    Error 3: No Statutory Declaration of Common-Law Status 

    A Statutory Declaration of Common-Law status, Form IMM 5409, is a specific form used to disclose the details of a common-law relationship for immigration. 

    You must submit this form with your applications if you are in a common-law relationship. Ensure that you fill out the form correctly and include it in all your applications. 

    Error 4: Not keeping copies of your IRCC application 

    When you apply for common-law sponsorship application, ensure that you keep copies of the entire filing. It is important because if IRCC requests more information, you may need to refer to the information you have already submitted. 

    To avoid sending the same evidence, ensure that you keep copies of your filing and gather and document sufficient evidence of your relationship. Additionally, keeping file copies can help you identify if a specific area lacks evidence. 

    Additionally, there is a chance that the officer may overlook your application. You must always be able to demonstrate what you sent and when it was received.


  • New Immigration Plan Can Help With Alberta Labour Shortage

    As Canada intends to significantly increase the number of immigrants annually, groups in Alberta believe it will benefit businesses facing labour shortages. The immigration levels plan, which immigration minister Sean Fraser unveiled on November 1, 2022, calls for a massive influx of immigrants to enter the country: 465,000 in 2023, rising to 500,000 in 2025.

    Government has a strong focus on admitting people based on their employment qualifications or experience. Alberta-based organizations want the government to ease limitations on immigrants choosing lower-paying positions and to support organizations that assist newcomers’ resettlement in ensuring that the new Canadians can genuinely help with the labour shortage.



    Calgary Chamber of Commerce Report on Immigration 

    The Calgary Chamber of Commerce released a report outlining the crucial role immigration plays in easing labour shortages. 

    President and CEO of the Calgary Chamber of Commerce, Deborah Yedlin, explained that whether you work in the service industry, technology, energy, or the healthcare industry, everyone is searching for that last unit of labour. Immigration has become important to address the talent shortage that every business faces across the country.

    Regarding the latest immigration levels plan, Yedlin accepts the new plan but suggests expanding the options to low-wage workers rather than solely focusing on highly skilled, technically trained experts. 

    According to Yedlin, there is a bit of a catch-22 with programs like the Alberta Opportunity Stream since you require prior work experience and language proficiency, which limits the pool of immigrants who can apply.

    She explains that the government needs to figure out how to ensure that the ability to come and work is offered as an opportunity for a broader proportion of the immigrant population than it already is, including low-wage workers.

    Affordable housing to attract immigrants

    According to Randy Boissonault, a member of parliament for Edmonton Centre, Alberta’s lower cost of living can draw people.

    Since all of the communities in Alberta have done an excellent job of continuing to create housing, Edmonton and Calgary are at the top of the list for affordable housing nationwide, according to Boissonault.

    He anticipates that the hundreds of thousands of newcomers will be able to fill employment gaps in the IT industry.

    On meeting the Alberta Machine Institute in the heart of Edmonton, they told Boissonault that many of their partners are searching for computer scientists and mathematicians who can significantly advance the field of machine learning and artificial intelligence.

    The provincial government oversees a program whose objective is to hasten the processing of visas for foreign workers hired by IT firms in Alberta.

    Yedlin claimed that because Albertans frequently lack the qualifications required for a position, businesses are forced to rely heavily on immigration. She emphasizes the tech positions that have remained unfilled for a considerable time despite being advertised for months in Calgary. 

    Newcomer settlement organizations need more support.

    Rispah Tremblay, senior manager of settlement services at the Edmonton Mennonite Centre for Newcomers (EMCN), which assists newcomers in settling in the capital area, said the immigration levels plan presents some difficulties for other organizations.

    Such that with increasing numbers, newcomer settlement organizations need additional resources, explained Tremblay. 

    Tremblay says that EMCN would require additional funding to pay employees who handle cases, assist clients in finding housing, and teach languages.

    New immigrants might not be able to integrate into the Canadian workforce without the assistance of the staff members who assist newcomers with their settlement needs.

    There must be an additional help to settle and get the right training or support they need as soon as they get here, she said. It will allow them to integrate and start working immediately.

    Tremblay is also worried that the housing supply would start to run out with everyone migrating here. Although she hasn’t heard anything from the federal government on funding to support service expansion, she anticipates that discussions will begin in the spring.


  • Ontario Needs New Immigration Agreement To Deal With Labour Shortage

    On November 17, 2022, the Ontario Chamber of Commerce (OCC) published a media release calling on the federal and provincial governments to reach a new immigration agreement that can realistically sustain the economic growth and social fabric of Ontario’s present immigration agreement. 

    The province’s present agreement with Federal Government expires on November 24. The Ontario Chamber of Commerce (OCC) has served as Ontario business independent, unbiased, and crucial partner for more than a century. The OCC’s goal is to promote economic development in Ontario and defend its business priorities. 

    Therefore, the Ontario Chamber of Commerce highlighted Ontario’s ongoing labour shortage in thier media release and its 2022 Ontario Economic report. It emphasizes that most industries, about 62 percent, are experiencing labour shortage and anticipate that it will persist during the coming year.

    To bring the labour shortage problem to the forefront, the Ontario Chamber of Commerce made a few recommendations to support the province’s economic growth. 



    OCC Recommendations for Ontario 

    The Ontario Chamber of Commerce (OCC) recognizes that the provincial government has a unique position best to understand the needs of its distinct labour markets. Therefore, following the ongoing labour shortage, OCC made the following recommendations.

    First, OCC continues to call for the province to receive twice as many economic immigrants through the Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program. Ontario had also requested to increase the province’s economic immigrant allocation earlier this year. 

    The second recommendation was to expand work permit, and post-graduate work permits eligibility to retain more international workers in healthcare and tradespeople.

    Additionally, OCC recommended having a long-term commitment to training newcomers and taking urgent action to reduce the immigration backlog, especially for new incoming and graduating international students, entrepreneurs, and workers who wish to make Ontario their home. 

    However, OCC also recognizes that increasing immigration does not solve the province’s labour shortages. It is an important factor that must be considered together with workforce development plans and vital infrastructure, such as housing. 

    2022 Ontario Economic report highlighting labour shortage

    To better understand the viewpoints of Ontario’s business community, the OCC conducts a member survey each year. Below are the survey responses from Ontario businesses for this year’s 2022 Ontario Economic report

    The survey finds that most firms in Ontario are struggling with a labour shortage. About 52 percent of respondents concur that their companies are experiencing a labour shortage, and 62 percent say the same about their sectors. 

    These businesses see labour shortage as a long-term issue. Nearly 54 percent of respondents state that their organizations anticipate a labour shortage over the upcoming year (and 62 percent agree their sectors will).

    The sectors with the greatest labour shortages were transportation and warehousing (87%), followed by mining, quarrying, and oil and gas (87%) and construction (86%), as well as accommodation and food services (85 percent).

    For businesses that depend on skilled trades, like construction, finding suitable labour has long been a problem. Some of those shortages may have been eased by immigration and recent government initiatives to encourage greater training and draw employees into the industries. 

    Supply chain delays are being made worse by specialized labour shortages in the transportation and warehousing industries. In addition, hospitality and food services businesses are dealing with a unique problem because many workers have decided to leave these sectors altogether due to the pandemic.


  • Prince Edward Island PNP Sent 188 New Invites For PR!

    November 17, 2022 – PEI PNP Draw (Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program) sent 149 new invites for PR, under two different categories. In a separate draw on November 3, PEI sent additional 39 invites, but details were updated today.

    141 + 39 candidates were invited under Labour & Express Entry category while just 8 invitations went to Business Work Permit Entrepreneur category. October 2022 draw invited highest number of candidates under Labour & Express Entry category.

    Minimum point threshold for Business Invitations reduced by 10 points to 62 as compared to last draw in October 2022. Prince Edward Island PNP draws are held once a month and are declared around 15th to 20th of every month. So far, PEI PNP has invited 1,776 applicants in 2022.

    Below listed are the details of all the PEI PNP Draws in 2022.

    DateLabour & Express Entry InvitationsBusiness Work Permit
    Entrepreneur Invitations
    Cut Off
    for Business Invitations
    Total
    Nov 17, 2022141862149
    Nov 3, 20223939
    Oct 20, 20221941072204
    Sep 15, 2022142585147
    Aug 18, 2022117497121
    Jul 21, 20221382760165
    Jun 16, 2022127965136
    May 20, 20221371662153
    Apr 21, 20221301167141
    Mar 17, 20221301162141
    Feb 17, 2022117667123
    Jan 20, 20221211172132
    Total1647129
    1776


    PEI PNP Draw – EXPRESS ENTRY CATEGORY

    Candidates eligible for Express Entry category need to have a valid Expression of Interest (EOI) profile with the PEI PNP in addition to their Express Entry Profile under either FSW, FST or CEC.

    PEI PNP Draw – LABOUT IMPACT CATEGORY

    Labour Impact Category also requires a valid EOI profile with PEI PNP under one of the streams; Skilled Worker, Critical Worker, or International Graduate. It also requires a valid job offer and support by an employer in PEI.

    PEI PNP DRAW – BUSINESS IMPACT CATEGORY

    Business Impact Category is for foreign entrepreneurs who want to start their own business in the PEI. Cut off score for this category was 60 in this draw under Work Permit Stream.

    HOW TO APPLY FOR PEI PNP

    For more information on eligibility and how to apply for different immigration programs of the Prince Edward Island, click here

    About Prince Edward Island

    Prince Edward Island is one of maritime provinces in eastern Canada. Also, it is the smallest province of Canada. It is located just next to New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Furthermore, this province is marked by red-sand beaches, lighthouses, and fertile farmland.

    Charlottetown is the capital of Prince Edward Island. Adding further, it is renowned for seafood like lobster and mussels. Charlottetown is home to Victorian government buildings and the modern Confederation Centre of the Arts, with a theatre and art gallery. Prince Edward Island has area of 5,660 km and population of 156,947 (in 2019).


  • Manitoba PNP Draw Sent 518 New Invites For PR-November 18

    November 18, 2022 – Today, Manitoba PNP draw (MPNP) sent 518 Letters of Advice to Apply (LAA) under three different categories of its provincial nominee program. Most of the LAAs; 198 sent to International Education Stream (IES). 

    177 Letters of Advice to Apply (LAA) were sent to Skilled Workers In Manitoba (SWM) having a cut off score of 797. This cut off score increased by 184 points as compared to previous MPNP draw. Lowest cut off score was 459 in January 2022 MPNP draw.

    Additionally, 143 LAAs went to Skilled Worker Overseas applicants having a score of 686 or above, under a Strategic Recruitment Initiative. This cut off reduced by 40 points as compared to last MPNP Draw. Out of 518 LAAs, 125 were issued to the valid Express Entry profiles (FSW, FST, or CEC candidates).



    Skilled Workers in Manitoba

    This category offers permanent residency to individuals who demonstrate that a Manitoba company has offered them a long-term, full-time job. This job offer needs to be after they have completed at least six months (continuous) full-time employment with that company as a temporary foreign worker or international student working graduate.

    Self-employed individuals, business owners, owner-operators and individuals providing services as independent contractors are not eligible.

    If you graduated from a post-secondary program in another Canadian province, must first have been working for a Manitoba employer for at least one year before applying.

    International Education Stream:

    • The Graduate Internship Pathway which need a doctoral or master’s degree program from Manitoba in the last 3 years. But, job offer is not mandatory.
    • The Career Employment Pathway which needs to be graduated in the past 3 years from a DLI. But, 1-year full time job offer is required.
    • The International Student Entrepreneur Pilot which needs a full-time post-secondary program from Manitoba. It must be at least two years in duration. It requires the applicant to be 51% owner in a Manitoban business and actively working as a senior manager for last 6 months before applying.

    Language proficiency of CLB 7 is required to apply.

    Skilled Workers Overseas:

    To apply under this category, candidates must demonstrate an established connection to Manitoba through:

    • the support of family members or friends
    • previous education or work experience in the province
    • an Invitation to Apply received directly from the MPNP as part of a Strategic Recruitment Initiative.

    Apart from this, you must score at least 60 points based on the five selection factors.

    Click here to calculate your score.

    Who cannot apply to the Manitoba PNP?

    THE FOLLOWING ARE NOT ELIGIBLE TO SUBMIT AN APPLICATION TO THE MPNP:
    • Refugee claimants, or individuals involved in a federal appeal or removal process
    • Live-in Caregivers currently living in Canada
    • Temporary foreign workers currently working and residing in a province other than Manitoba
    • Spouses of Canadian citizens or permanent residents
    • Individuals who have been refused by the MPNP within the last six months and who are not able to address the reason(s) for refusal

    How to Apply for Manitoba PNP:

    Manitoba PNP does not necessarily requires an Express Entry profile, but need an Expression of Interest to be submitted with Manitoba. If you are eligible under one of the above mentioned programs, then click here to create an Expression of Interest with Manitoba.


  • Alberta Opportunity Stream For PR: Know Full Eligibility!

    The Alberta Opportunity Stream of Alberta Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) is for temporary foreign workers already working full-time in Alberta. Alberta renamed its PNP to AAIP (Alberta Advantage Immigration Program) in February 2022. Previously, AAIP was called Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP).

    Currently, AAIP is assessing applications received before September 2, 2022. Furthermore, there are approximately 935 applications in queue. IRCC allocated 6,500 nominations to AAIP for 2022. Out of these, Alberta has already issued 5,837 nomination certificates so far.

    This article enlists full eligibility requirements for Alberta Opportunity Stream focusing on:

    Language requirements

    When you submit your application, you must demonstrate that you have passed the following language tests in English or French. You must get the required points based on a single test result.

    National Occupational Classification (NOC) Skill LevelCanadian Language Benchmark (CLB) test score requiredNiveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (NCLC) test score required
    If you are working in a TEER 0, 1, 2, or 3 (NOC 0, A or B) occupationMinimum of 5 for each English language skillMinimum of 5 for each French language skill
    If you are working in a TEER 4 or 5 (NOC C or D) occupationMinimum of 4 for each English language skillMinimum of 4 for each French language skill

    When your application is filed, official test results must be no more than two years old. The date you took the exam, not the date your test results were issued, is utilized to establish the age of your test findings. The AAIP will not accept enrollment confirmation for a language exam instead of a test result.

    Occupation requirements

    Eligible occupations

    When you file your application, you must work in a qualifying occupation in Alberta at the time of your application evaluation. The occupation requirements apply to your work experience and a job offer.

    In addition, most occupations in National Occupational Classification (NOC) TEER 0, 1, 2, or 3, 4, and 5 are eligible. 

    Post-Graduation Work Permit holders

    If you have a Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP), your occupation in Alberta must also be connected to your subject of study. See the education requirements section for further information on valid Alberta credentials and recognized Alberta institutions.

    Suppose you began your Alberta credential program on or after April 1, 2019, and completed an Advanced Education-approved one-year post-diploma or post-baccalaureate certificate. In that case, your occupation must also be connected to your previous post-secondary field of study outside of Canada.



    Ineligible occupations

    Individuals employed in the occupations listed below at the time of submission and evaluation are ineligible to apply for or be nominated under the Alberta Opportunity Stream.

    NOC Code (2021)NOC TEER categoryOccupation
    000100Legislators
    400210School principals and administrators of elementary and secondary education
    400300Managers in social, community and correctional services
    400410Fire chiefs and senior firefighting officers
    60040*0Escort agency managers, massage parlour managers
    411001Judges
    412201Secondary school teachers
    412211Elementary school and kindergarten teachers
    511111Authors and writers (except technical)
    511221Musicians and singers
    42200*2Justices of the peace
    42202*2Early childhood educators who do not have certification through Alberta Children’s Services – Child Care Staff Certification Office or who have been certified as Level 1 Early Childhood Educator (formerly Child Development Assistant)
    431003Elementary and secondary school teacher assistants
    431093Other instructors
    531213Actors, comedians and circus performers
    531223Painters, sculptors and other visual artists
    531243Artisans and craftspersons
    532003Athletes
    631013Real estate agents and salespersons
    33100*3Dental laboratory assistants/bench workers
    441004Home child care providers
    441014Home support workers, caregivers and related occupations
    643214Casino occupations
    551095Other performers
    651095Other sales related occupations
    652115Operators and attendants in amusement, recreation and sport
    652295Other support occupations in personal services
    653295Other service support occupations
    752005Taxi and limousine drivers and chauffeurs
    851015Harvesting labourers
    851025Aquaculture and marine harvest labourers
    851045Trappers and hunters
    851105Mine labourers
    851215Landscaping and grounds maintenance labourers

    Work permit and residency requirements 

    When you submit your application and the Alberta Advantage Immigration Program (AAIP) evaluates it, you must have a valid temporary resident status in Canada that allows you to work, i.e. a temporary foreign worker permit.

    For work permits to be valid, they should meet one of the following criteria:

    • Have a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA), or
    • An LMIA exemption for workers based on the following:
      • International trade agreements
      • workers transferred within a company
      • International Experience Canada
      • Mobilité Francophone
    • Have an IRCC-issued open work permit:
      • To vulnerable workers who demonstrate they are at risk of abuse or experiencing abuse in the content of their employment in Canada. It includes exemption under the Vulnerable Workers Open Work Permit (VWOWP)
      • Family members of a vulnerable worker who qualifies for the VWOWP exemption
    • a Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP) issued to a graduate of Alberta Advanced Education publicly funded post-secondary institution
      • PGWP holders must also fulfill the requirements of the occupation, education, and work experience.
    • An open work permit was granted following one of the IRCC’s open work permit public policies:
    • The permit must be held by an Alberta Advanced Education publicly funded post-secondary institution graduate. Following the temporary policy changes to the Post-Graduation Work Permit Program (PGWPP)
    • Other open work permit requirements:

    Regarding requirements, candidates must have a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) or one of the accepted LMIA exemption work permits. Candidates must also fulfill additional minimum eligibility requirements for residency and work permit type, occupation, language, education, Alberta job offer, and work experience.

    Ineligible applicants

    The following individuals are not eligible to apply for or be nominated for the Alberta Opportunity Stream:

    • Individuals involved in a federal appeal or removal procedure – The AAIP does not intervene in federal refugee claims, appeals, or removal proceedings.
    • temporary residents of Canada living or working in a province or territory other than Alberta, or
    • Foreign nationals who live or work in Canada but do not have legal temporary residence status

    If you apply to the AAIP under NOC code 33102 (nurse aides, orderlies, and patient service associates), you must have a CLB of 7 for each English language skill or an NCLC of 7 for each French language skill.

    Education requirements

    Except for Post-Graduation Work Permit holders, all candidates must have completed a minimum of high school education equal to Canadian standards when filing your application on January 1, 2021.

    Applicant must provide a copy of an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) issued by an IRCC-approved organization for your highest level of education. You do not fulfill the education criterion if your ECA report reveals that your certificate is not equivalent to the completion of a Canadian high school or if the foreign educational institution is not recognized.

    An ECA is not required if:

    You have a valid Alberta Qualification Certificate, a trade certificate recognized by Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training, or a Canadian degree, diploma, or certificate from a recognized Canadian post-secondary, technical college, or secondary school (AIT).

    Candidates who applied before January 1, 2021, had to have completed high school education in their country of origin. These candidates did not need an ECA.

    Eligible work experience

    When you submit your application, you must have either: 

    • 12 months of full-time job experience in your present occupation in Alberta during the previous 18 months, or
    • A minimum of 24 months of full-time work experience in your current occupation in Canada or overseas during the previous 30 months, or both – this work experience can be a combination of experience earned in Alberta, in Canada (outside of Alberta), or abroad.

    Post-Graduation Work Permit holders must have a minimum of 6 months of full-time work experience in their current occupation in Alberta within the past 18 months.

    Work experience in the qualifying period is required for all candidates, including those with a Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP).

    • full-time work experience for a minimum of 30 hours a week
    • Work experience in the same occupation as your current occupation 
    • Had a valid temporary resident status and IRCC-authorised work permit while working in Alberta or Canada. 
    • Work experience gained while studying does not count unless you were on a PGWP and completed a paid co-op work term as a part of your program of study at an Alberta post-secondary institution. The work term must have been:
      • Minimum of 30 hours per week, paid and full-time.  
      • Work experience directly relates to your current occupation and 
      • All work experience was gained in Alberta. 

    All applicants, including PGWP holders, must complete the following license, registration, and certification requirement at the time your application is filed and the AAIP evaluates it:

    • To work in your present occupation in Alberta, you must have the necessary licensure, registration, or certification.
    • You must hold a valid Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Trade (AIT) approved trade certificate if you work in a required trade in Alberta.
    • If you work as a childcare worker, you must be certified as a Level 2 Early Childhood Educator (previously Child Development Worker) or Level 3 Early Childhood Educator (formerly Child Development Supervisor).

    Source: Government of Alberta


  • Saskatchewan PNP-List of Ineligible Occupations With New NOC Codes

    New TEER codes have now replaced the old NOC system effective November 16, 2022. All the provincial nominee programs (PNP) in Canada will also be following the new NOC system. We will be updating all the changes with new TEER system affecting PNPs.

    Saskatchewan Provincial Nominee Program known as Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP) has a list of excluded occupations for the Express Entry Category and the Occupations In-Demand Category. People with these occupations are not eligible to apply for these categories of SINP.

    NOC TEER 4 (occupations that typically require a high school diploma or job-specific training) and NOC TEER 5 (occupations that typically require on-the-job training) skill levels are ineligible for the Occupation In-Demand and Express Entry subcategories.



    Below is the list of 152 occupations with new TEER codes that are ineligible for SINP

    NOC
    (TEER)
    OccupationTitle
    00010Legislators
    00011Senior government managers and officials
    00014Senior managers – trade, broadcasting and other services
    10019Other administrative services managers
    11100Financial auditors and accountants
    11103Securities agents, investment dealers and brokers
    12104Employment insurance and revenue officers
    12201Insurance adjusters and claims examiners
    12203Assessors, business valuators and appraisers
    13200Customs, ship and other brokers
    14103Court clerks and related court services occupations
    21100Physicists and astronomers
    21102Geoscientists and oceanographers
    21103Meteorologists and climatologists
    21109Other professional occupations in physical sciences
    21111Forestry professionals
    21201Landscape architects
    21202Urban and land use planners
    21332Petroleum engineers
    21390Aerospace engineers
    NOC
    (TEER)
    OccupationTitle
    30010Managers in health care
    31100Specialists in clinical and laboratory medicine
    31101Specialists in surgery
    31102General practitioners and family physicians
    31103Veterinarians
    31110Dentists
    31111Optometrists
    31112Audiologists and speech-language pathologists
    31120Pharmacists
    31121Dietitians and nutritionists
    31202Physiotherapists
    31204Kinesiologists and other professional occupations in therapy and assessment
    31209Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating
    31300Nursing coordinators and supervisors
    31301Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses
    31302Nurse practitioners
    31303Physician assistants, midwives and allied health professionals
    31303Physician assistants, midwives and allied health professionals
    32100Opticians
    32101Licensed practical nurses
    32103Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
    32104Animal health technologists and veterinary technicians
    32109Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment
    32110Denturists
    32111Dental hygienists and dental therapists
    32200Traditional Chinese medicine practitioners and acupuncturists
    32201Massage therapists
    32209Other practitioners of natural healing
    40010Government managers – health and social policy development and program administration
    40011Government managers – economic analysis, policy development and program administration
    40012Government managers – education policy development and program administration
    40019Other managers in public administration
    40021School principals and administrators of elementary and secondary education
    40040Commissioned police officers and related occupations in public protection services
    40040Commissioned police officers and related occupations in public protection services
    40041Fire chiefs and senior firefighting officers
    40042Commissioned officers of the Canadian Armed Forces
    41100Judges
    41101Lawyers and Quebec notaries
    NOC
    (TEER)
    OccupationTitle
    41201Post-secondary teaching and research assistants
    41220Secondary school teachers
    41221Elementary school and kindergarten teachers
    41301Therapists in counselling and related specialized therapies
    41302Religious leaders
    41310Police investigators and other investigative occupations
    41310Police investigators and other investigative occupations
    41311Probation and parole officers
    41407Program officers unique to government
    42100Police officers (except commissioned)
    42100Police officers (except commissioned)
    42101Firefighters
    42102Specialized members of the Canadian Armed Forces
    42200Paralegal and related occupations
    42201Social and community service workers
    42204Religion workers
    43203Border services, customs, and immigration officers
    43204Operations Members of the Canadian Armed Forces
    44200Primary combat members of the Canadian Armed Forces
    50010Library, archive, museum and art gallery managers
    50011Managers – publishing, motion pictures, broadcasting and performing arts
    50012Recreation, sports and fitness program and service directors
    51100Librarians
    51101Conservators and curators
    51102Archivists
    51110Editors
    51111Authors and writers (except technical)
    51112Technical writers
    51113Journalists
    51114Translators, terminologists and interpreters
    51120Producers, directors, choreographers and related occupations
    51121Conductors, composers and arrangers
    51122Musicians and singers
    52100Library and public archive technicians
    52110Film and video camera operators
    52111Graphic arts technicians
    52112Broadcast technicians
    52113Audio and video recording technicians
    52114Announcers and other broadcasters
    NOC
    (TEER)
    OccupationTitle
    52119Other technical and coordinating occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting and the performing arts
    52120Graphic designers and illustrators
    52121Interior designers and interior decorators
    53100Registrars, restorers, interpreters and other occupations related to museum and art galleries
    53110Photographers
    53111Motion pictures, broadcasting, photography and performing arts assistants and operators
    53120Dancers
    53121Actors, comedians and circus performers
    53121Actors, comedians and circus performers
    53122Painters, sculptors and other visual artists
    53123Theatre, fashion, exhibit and other creative designers
    53124Artisans and craftspersons
    53125Patternmakers – textile, leather and fur products
    53200Athletes
    53201Coaches
    53202Sports officials and referees
    54100Program leaders and instructors in recreation, sport and fitness
    55109Other performers
    62010Retail sales supervisors
    62020Food service supervisors
    62023Customer and information services supervisors
    62201Funeral directors and embalmers
    63100Insurance agents and brokers
    63101Real estate agents and salespersons
    63210Hairstylists and barbers
    63220Shoe repairers and shoemakers
    64100Retail salespersons and visual merchandisers
    72022Supervisors, printing and related occupations
    72102Sheet metal workers
    72204Telecommunications line and cable installers and repairers
    72205Telecommunications equipment installation and cable television service technicians
    72302Gas fitters
    72405Machine fitters
    72406Elevator constructors and mechanics
    72420Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics
    72600Air pilots, flight engineers and flying instructors
    72602Deck officers, water transport
    72603Engineer officers, water transport
    NOC
    (TEER)
    OccupationTitle
    72604Railway traffic controllers and marine traffic regulators
    73310Railway and yard locomotive engineers
    73402Drillers and blasters – surface mining, quarrying and construction
    80022Managers in aquaculture
    83101Oil and gas well drillers, servicers, testers and related workers
    83120Fishing masters and officers
    83121Fishermen / women
    92013Supervisors, plastic and rubber products manufacturing
    92015Supervisors, textile, fabric, fur and leather products processing and manufacturing
    92020Supervisors, motor vehicle assembling
    92021Supervisors, electronics and electrical products manufacturing
    92021Supervisors, electronics and electrical products manufacturing
    92022Supervisors, furniture and fixtures manufacturing
    92024Supervisors, other products manufacturing and assembly
    92101Water and waste treatment plant operators
    93102Pulping, papermaking and coating control operators

    Source: SINP


  • BC PNP: New Changes To Eligibility For Skills Immigration

    On November 16, 2022, the province of British Columbia made several changes to the B.C. Provincial Nominee Program’s (BC PNP) Skills Immigration. These changes include updating the Skills Immigration registration scoring system to boost immigration to regions other than the Metro Vancouver Regional District.

    In this article, you can learn about the new BC PNP changes in the Skill immigration stream that include the following:

    • Highlights of BC PNP Skills Immigration New Changes  
    • Implementation on NOC 2021 
    • Summary of BC PNP Skills Immigration Changes 
    • New Points Distribution

    Highlights of B.C PNP Skills Immigration New Changes  

    People who have worked or studied outside the Metro Vancouver Regional District may be eligible for additional points if they have a valid job offer in that region. 

    The province has also revised the Economic Mobility Pathways Pilot (EMPP) eligibility to include job offers from regional companies in British Columbia in any skilled occupation. Furthermore, for doctoral-level programs, eligibility for the International Post Graduate stream has been expanded to include any field of study.

     In addition, professors and post-doctoral fellows on fixed-term or limited-term employment contracts at British Columbia universities are now eligible for the Skilled Worker stream. 

    Both criteria adjustments for international postgraduates, professors and post-doctoral fellows aim to attract more innovators and experts who can contribute their extensive knowledge to the province.



    Implementation on NOC 2021 

    Following the overall implementation of NOC 2021, the BC PNP Online system has been updated to use the 2021 National Occupational Classification (NOC).

    Applicants who submitted their application before November 16, 2022, will be handled and processed using NOC 2021. 

    However, all registrations and applications submitted on or after November 16, 2022, must use NOC 2021.

    Summary of B.C PNP Skills Immigration Changes 

    • The province has updated the points structure to assist regional employers in retaining workers who have worked or studied outside the Metro Vancouver Regional District.
    • Economic Mobility Pathways Pilot (EMPP) eligibility has been expanded to include any skilled occupation in the regions.
    • The International Post-Graduate Program now includes doctoral graduates and Ph.D. candidates from any field of study.
    • University professors and lecturers with NOC 41200, working at B.C. public universities on short-term or limited-time contracts, are now eligible for the Skilled Worker stream.
    • The maximum number of points available for human capital factors such as education, work experience, and language ability has been increased.
    • NOC skill level points have been removed.  
    • Other criteria adjustments that protect British Columbians’ safety and strengthen the program’s integrity.

    New Points Distribution

    Below is the new points distribution for human capital, language abilities, wages and area of employment.

    B.C PNP Skills Immigration
    B.C PNP Skills Immigration
    B.C PNP Skills Immigration
    B.C PNP Skills Immigration

    For more information on BC PNP Skills Immigration changes, refer to the updated program guide


  • Manitoba PNP: In-Demand Occupations With New TEER Codes

    Manitoba PNP (Provincial Nominee Program) has provided an update regarding implementation of new TEER system. November 16 onward, MPNP is now only accepting Expression of Interest (EOI) profiles using new NOC 2021.

    As per MPNP notice, they will conduct an Expression of Interest draw for profiles using NOC 2021 today (November 17, 2022). Expression of Interest profile by November 16, 2022 at 11:59 p.m. CST will be considered for today’s draw.

    143 In-Demand Occupations With New NOC 2021 for Manitoba PNP

    • Manitoba PNP Categories:
      • SWO – Skilled Worker Overseas
      • SWM – Skilled Workers in Manitoba
      • IES – International Education Stream

    1. Business, finance and administration occupations

    CODE (NOC 2021)OCCUPATION TITLE (NOC 2016)TEER (NOC 2021)MPNP Category
    10010Financial managers0SWO, SWM, IES
    10011 11200 13110 22232Human resources managers0/1/2/3SWO, SWM, IES
    10019Other administrative services managers0SWM, IES
    10020Insurance, real estate and financial brokerage managers0SWO, SWM, IES
    10021Banking, credit and other investment managers0SWO, SWM, IES
    10022Advertising, marketing and public relations managers0SWO, SWM, IES
    11100Financial auditors and accountants1SWO, SWM, IES
    11101Financial and investment analysts1SWO, SWM, IES
    11100 11102 11109Other financial officers1SWO, SWM, IES
    11200Human resources professionals1SWO, SWM, IES
    11201Professional occupations in business management consulting1SWO, SWM, IES
    10022 11202 64409Professional occupations in advertising, marketing and public relations0/1/4SWO, SWM, IES
    12011Supervisors, finance and insurance office workers2SWO, SWM, IES
    12013 13201 74202Supervisors, supply chain, tracking and scheduling coordination occupations2/3/4SWO, SWM, IES
    13100Administrative officers3SWM, IES
    12101Human resources and recruitment officers2SWO, SWM, IES
    13101Property administrators3SWO, SWM, IES
    13110Administrative assistants3SWM, IES
    13111Legal administrative assistants3SWO, SWM, IES
    12110Court reporters, medical transcriptionists and related occupations2SWO, SWM, IES
    12200Accounting technicians and bookkeepers2SWO, SWM, IES

    2. Natural and applied sciences and related occupations

    CODE (NOC 2021)OCCUPATION TITLE (NOC 2016)TEER (NOC 2021)MPNP Category
    20010Engineering managers0SWO, SWM, IES
    20011Architecture and science managers0SWO, SWM, IES
    20012Computer and information systems managers0SWO, SWM, IES
    21110Biologists and related scientists1SWO, SWM, IES
    21112Agricultural representatives, consultants and specialists1SWO, SWM, IES
    21300Civil engineers1SWO, SWM, IES
    21301Mechanical engineers1SWO, SWM, IES
    21310Electrical and electronics engineers1SWO, SWM, IES
    21321Industrial and manufacturing engineers1SWO, SWM, IES
    21311Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)1SWO, SWM, IES
    21200Architects1SWO, SWM, IES
    21203Land surveyors1SWO, SWM, IES
    21210Mathematicians, statisticians and actuaries1SWO, SWM, IES
    21211 21220 21221 21222 21233Information systems analysts and consultants1SWO, SWM, IES
    21211 21223Database analysts and data administrators1SWO, SWM, IES
    21211 21231Software engineers and designers1SWO, SWM, IES
    21230 21232 21234Computer programmers and interactive media developers1SWO, SWM, IES
    21233 21234Web designers and developers1SWO, SWM, IES
    22100Chemical technologists and technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
    22101Geological and mineral technologists and technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
    22110Biological technologists and technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
    22111Agricultural and fish products inspectors2SWO, SWM, IES
    22300Civil engineering technologists and technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
    22301Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
    22302Industrial engineering and manufacturing technologists and technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
    22303Construction estimators2SWO, SWM, IES
    22310Electrical and electronics engineering technologists and technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
    22311Electronic service technicians (household and business equipment)2SWO, SWM, IES
    22313Aircraft instrument, electrical and avionics mechanics, technicians and inspectors2SWO, SWM, IES
    22212Drafting technologists and technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
    72600Air pilots, flight engineers and flying instructors2SWO, SWM, IES
    22220Computer network technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
    22221User support technicians2SWO, SWM, IES

    3. Health Occupations

    CODE (NOC 2021)OCCUPATION TITLE (NOC 2016)TEER (NOC 2021)MPNP Category
    30010Managers in health care0SWM, IES
    31120Pharmacists1SWO, SWM, IES
    31121Dietitians and nutritionists1SWO, SWM, IES
    31112Audiologists and speech-language pathologists1SWO, SWM, IES
    31202 32109Physiotherapists1/2SWO, SWM, IES
    31203Occupational therapists1SWO, SWM, IES
    32120Medical laboratory technologists2SWO, SWM, IES
    31303 32120 33101Medical laboratory technicians and pathologists’ assistants1/2/3SWO, SWM, IES
    32104Animal health technologists and veterinary technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
    32103Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists2SWO, SWM, IES
    32121Medical radiation technologists2SWO, SWM, IES
    32124 32129 33103Other medical technologists and technicians (except dental health)2/3SWO, SWM, IES
    32111Dental hygienists and dental therapists2SWO, SWM, IES
    32201Massage therapists2SWO, SWM, IES

    4. Occupations in social science, education, government service and religion

    CODE (NOC 2021)OCCUPATION TITLE (NOC 2016)TEER (NOC 2021)MPNP Category
    40030Managers in social, community and correctional services0SWO, SWM, IES
    41101Lawyers and Quebec notaries1SWO, SWM, IES
    31200 41301Psychologists1SWO, SWM, IES
    41300Social workers1SWO, SWM, IES
    31303 41301 41321Family, marriage and other related counsellors1SWO, SWM, IES
    41400Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers1SWO, SWM, IES
    11202 41402Business development officers and marketing researchers and consultants1SWO, SWM, IES
    41403Social policy researchers, consultants and program officers1SWO, SWM, IES
    21110 41310 41404Health policy researchers, consultants and program officers1SWO, SWM, IES
    41405Education policy researchers, consultants and program officers1SWO, SWM, IES
    41406Recreation, sports and fitness policy researchers, consultants and program officers1SWO, SWM, IES
    41407Program officers unique to government1SWO, SWM, IES
    42200Paralegal and related occupations2SWO, SWM, IES
    42201Social and community service workers2SWO, SWM, IES
    42202Early childhood educators and assistants2SWO, SWM, IES
    42203Instructors of persons with disabilities2SWO, SWM, IES

    5. Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport

    CODE (NOC 2021)OCCUPATION TITLE (NOC 2016)TEER (NOC 2021)MPNP Category
    50012Recreation, sports and fitness program and service directors0SWO, SWM, IES
    51120Producers, directors, choreographers and related occupations1SWO, SWM, IES
    52113Audio and video recording technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
    52120Graphic designers and illustrators2SWO, SWM, IES
    52121Interior designers and interior decorators2SWO, SWM, IES
    53123 62010 64100Theatre, fashion, exhibit and other creative designers2/3/4SWO, SWM, IES
    54100Program leaders and instructors in recreation, sport and fitness4SWO, SWM, IES

    6. Sales and service occupations

    CODE (NOC 2021)OCCUPATION TITLE (NOC 2016)TEER (NOC 2021)MPNP Category
    60010Corporate sales managers0SWM, IES
    60020Retail and wholesale trade managers0SWM, IES
    60040Managers in customer and personal services, n.e.c.0SWM, IES
    62100 70012 75101Technical sales specialists – wholesale trade0/2/5SWO, SWM, IES
    62101Retail and wholesale buyers2SWO, SWM, IES
    63101Real estate agents and salespersons3SWO, SWM, IES
    63102Financial sales representatives3SWO, SWM, IES
    62020Food service supervisors2SWO, SWM, IES
    63200Cooks3SWO, SWM, IES
    63202Bakers3SWO, SWM, IES

    7. Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations

    CODE (NOC 2021)OCCUPATION TITLE (NOC 2016)TEER (NOC 2021)MPNP Category
    70010Construction managers0SWO, SWM, IES
    70011Home building and renovation managers0SWO, SWM, IES
    70012Facility operation and maintenance managers0SWO, SWM, IES
    70020Managers in transportation0SWO, SWM, IES
    72100Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors2SWO, SWM, IES
    72101Tool and die makers2SWO, SWM, IES
    72102Sheet metal workers2SWO, SWM, IES
    72106Welders and related machine operators2SWO, SWM, IES
    72200Electricians (except industrial and power system)2SWO, SWM, IES
    72201Industrial electricians2SWO, SWM, IES
    72203Electrical power line and cable workers2SWO, SWM, IES
    72204Telecommunications line and cable workers2SWO, SWM, IES
    72205Telecommunications installation and repair workers2SWO, SWM, IES
    72300Plumbers2SWO, SWM, IES
    72310Carpenters2SWO, SWM, IES
    73100Concrete finishers3SWO, SWM, IES
    73102Plasterers, drywall installers and finishers and lathers3SWO, SWM, IES
    73112Painters and decorators (except interior decorators)3SWO, SWM, IES
    73113Floor covering installers3SWO, SWM, IES
    72400Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics2SWO, SWM, IES
    72401Heavy-duty equipment mechanics2SWO, SWM, IES
    72402Heating, refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics2SWO, SWM, IES
    72404Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors2SWO, SWM, IES
    72405Machine fitters2SWO, SWM, IES
    72410Automotive service technicians, truck and bus mechanics and mechanical repairers2SWO, SWM, IES
    72411Motor vehicle body repairers2SWO, SWM, IES
    73310Railway and yard locomotive engineers3SWO, SWM, IES
    73311Railway conductors and brakemen/women3SWO, SWM, IES
    72500 75110Crane operators2/5SWO, SWM, IES

    8. Occupations unique to primary industry, processing, manufacturing and utilities

    CODE (NOC 2021)OCCUPATION TITLE (NOC 2016)TEER (NOC 2021)MPNP Category
    80020Managers in agriculture0SWO, SWM, IES
    90010Manufacturing managers0SWO, SWM, IES
    90011Utilities managers0SWO, SWM, IES
    92100Power engineers and power systems operators2SWO, SWM, IES

    9. Rural in-demand occupations

    CODE (NOC 2021)OCCUPATION TITLE (NOC 2016)TEER (NOC 2021)MPNP Category
    33102Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates3IES
    94141Industrial butchers and meat cutters, poultry preparers and related workers4IES

  • Ontario PNP – Effect Of TEER System With New NOC Codes

    Ontario PNP known as Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) provided an update that e-filing system will be temporarily closed to new activity between November 16 and November 21, 2022. This is because of the implementation of new TEER system under NOC 2021. It will now be used among all the OINP streams.

    Furthermore, they informed that expression of interest (EOI) profiles submitted before November 16, 2022 will need to re-submit their EOIs after November 21, 2022. Applications already submitted after receiving the EOI can still access their profile to check status, but will not be able to make any new changes.

    New TEER system will affect scoring matrix as well as new codes will be assigned to occupations under In-Demand stream. Furthermore, new draw under Human Capital Priorities stream and Skilled Trades Stream will also be indicating New TEER codes in upcoming draws.



    New NOC Codes For In-Demand Skills stream

    Below is the list of occupations with new NOC codes under the TEER system for OINP In-Demand Skills stream.

    The job position offered in any location in Ontario including Greater Toronto Area must be in one of the following occupations:

    • NOC 44101 – Home support workers, caregivers and related occupations
    • NOC 75110 – Construction trades helpers and labourers
    • NOC 84120 – Specialized livestock workers and farm machinery operators
    • NOC 85100 – Livestock labourers
    • NOC 85101 – Harvesting labourers
    • NOC 85103 – Nursery and greenhouse labourers
    • NOC 94141 – Industrial butchers and meat cutters, poultry preparers and related workers
    • NOC 65202 – Meat cutters and fishmongers – retail and wholesale

    The job position offered outside the Greater Toronto Area (Toronto, Durham, Halton, York, and Peel regions) in one of the following occupations:

    • NOC 94100 – Machine operators, mineral and metal processing
    • NOC 94105 – Metalworking and forging machine operators
    • NOC 94106 – Machining tool operators
    • NOC 94107 – Machine operators of other metal products
    • NOC 94110 – Chemical plant machine operators
    • NOC 95102 – Labourers in chemical products processing and utilities
    • NOC 94111 – Plastics processing machine operators
    • NOC 94124 – Woodworking machine operators
    • NOC 94132 – Industrial sewing machine operators
    • NOC 94140 – Process control and machine operators, food and beverage processing
    • NOC 94201 – Electronics assemblers, fabricators, inspectors and testers
    • NOC 94204 – Mechanical assemblers and inspectors
    • NOC 94213 – Industrial painters, coaters and metal finishing process operators
    • NOC 94219 – Other products assemblers, finishers and inspectors

    Affect on OINP EOI Scoring

    Job offer: NOC TEER
    • NOC TEER category 0 or 1 – 10 Points
    • NOC TEER category 2 or 3 – 8 Points
    • NOC TEER category 4 – 0 Points
    • NOC TEER category 5 – 0 Points
    Job offer: broad occupational category
    • Occupational Category 0, 2, 3 – 10 points
    • Occupational Category 7 – 7 points
    • Occupational Category 1,9 – 5 points
    • Occupational Category 4,8 – 4 points
    • Occupational Category 5,6 – 3 points

    Click here for Step-Wise Guide To Find Your New NOC code with TEER system.