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IRCC Minister Sean Fraser

Here Are IRCC New Updated Online Processing Times – Nov 16!

Last Updated On 16 November 2022, 6:20 PM EST (Toronto Time)

IRCC changed their online processing tool in the beginning of 2022, to offer accurate information on processing timelines. Immigration Minister Sean Fraser announced this modification on March 31, 2022, as part of an effort to improve Canadian immigration system. This page contains the latest processing times from the IRCC website as of November 16, 2022.

Processing Times for Citizenship & PR cards

Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
Citizenship grant24 monthsNo Change
Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship)16 monthsNo Change
Resumption of citizenship34 monthsNo Change
Renunciation of Citizenship17 monthsNo Change
Search of citizenship records15 monthsNo Change
New PR card107 days+ 5 Days
PR card renewals90 daysNo Change

Processing Time for Family Sponsorship

Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
Spouse or common-law partner living outside Canada20 monthsNo Change
Spouse or common-law partner living inside Canada14 monthsNo Change
Parents or Grandparents PR37 monthsNo Change

Processing time for Canadian Passport 

Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted in person at Service Canada Centre – Passport services)10 business daysNo Change
In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted by mail to Service Canada Centre)20 business daysNo Change
In-Canda Urgent pick-upBy the end of next business dayNo Change
In-Canada Express pick-up2-9 business daysNo Change
Regular passport application mailed from outside Canada20 daysNo Change

Processing time for Economic Class

Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
Canadian Experience Class (CEC) 19 monthsNo Change
Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) 27 monthsNo Change
Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)49 monthsNo Change
Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) vis Express Entry14 monthsNo Change
Non-Express Entry PNP22 monthsNo Change
Quebec Skilled Worker22 monthsNo Change
Quebec Business Class65 monthsNo Change
Federal Self-Employed42 monthsNo Change
Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)14 monthsNo Change
Start-Up Visa31 monthsNo Change

Processing Time for Temporary Residence Application 

Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
Visitor visa outside CanadaVaries by country
India: 164 days
Nigeria: 190 Days
United States: 64 Days
Pakistan: 215 Days
Philippines: 130 Days
UAE: 193 Days
Bangladesh: 127 Days
Sri Lanka: 199 Days
United Kingdom: 146 Days
+ 2 Days for India
Visitor visa inside CanadaOnline: 20 days
Paper-Based: 45 days
No Change
Parents or Grandparents SupervisaVaries by country
India: 153 days
Nigeria: 238 Days
United States: 547 Days
Pakistan: 252 Days
Philippines: 190 Days
UAE: 178 Days
Bangladesh: 203 Days
Sri Lanka: 286 Days
United Kingdom: 178 Days
+ 15 Days for India
Visitor Extension (Visitor Record)Online: 204 days
Paper-Based: 168 days
+ 3 Days (Online)
– 5 Days (Paper-Based
Study Permit Outside Canada12 Weeks– 1 Week
Study Permit Inside Canada4 WeeksNo Change
Study Permit ExtensionOnline: 74 Days
Paper-Based: 79 Days
– 4 Days (Online)
+ 6 Days (Paper-Based
Work Permit Outside Canada*Varies by country
India: 14 Weeks
Nigeria: 33 Weeks
United States: 14 Weeks
Pakistan: 58 Weeks
Philippines: 12 Weeks
UAE: 30 Weeks
Bangladesh: 34 Weeks
Sri Lanka: 26 Weeks
United Kingdom: 11 Weeks
No Change
Work Permit Inside CanadaOnline: 168 Days
Paper-Based: 84 Days
– 1 Day (Online)
+ 1 Day (Paper-Based)
International Experience Canada (Current Season)**6 Weeks– 1 Week
Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)5 minutesNo Change

What Updates Does the Processing Time Include 

IRCC bases processing time on the time it took to process prior similar applications. The processing period begins when the application is received by IRCC and concludes when the immigration officer makes a decision on the application. Furthermore, the processing time may differ depending on whether the application was filed on paper or online.

These processing times are designed to offer new weekly timelines from the preceding 6 months’ data. Furthermore, it correlates the application volume with operational issues to assist future immigrants in better planning their journey.

Source: IRCC

  • Canada Immigration Paradox of Potential and Limited Prospects

    Canada is often celebrated as a land of opportunities, a place where the promise of a better life attracts thousands of highly skilled immigrants each year.

    The country’s immigration policies have long been lauded for their welcoming stance, prioritizing those with the skills and expertise that could enrich the nation’s workforce.

    However, the reality is far more complex than the shining facade might suggest and most often, readers for such truthful writing are scarce.

    Despite its reputation for being immigrant-friendly, Canada has faced a paradox when it comes to highly skilled immigrants: there aren’t always enough job prospects to match their qualifications and aspirations.

    This paradox is also resulting in increased reverse immigration or high-skilled individuals moving to other countries for better prospects.

    This article explores the various aspects of this paradox, delving into the reasons behind the shortfall in job prospects for highly skilled immigrants in Canada.

    From credential recognition challenges to sector-specific barriers, we will investigate the factors that contribute to this issue and highlight potential solutions.

    The Immigration Boom

    Canada’s highly skilled immigration program is a pivotal part of its demographic strategy and economic growth.

    On November 1, Canada kept the annual immigration target stable for the next 3 years, but still, they are historical record high numbers.

    In recent years, the nation has actively encouraged highly skilled immigrants to settle within its borders, often prioritizing them over other immigration streams.

    The Express Entry system, for instance, awards points based on age, education, work experience, and language proficiency, favouring those who excel in these categories.

    The influx of highly skilled immigrants has indeed been substantial. This policy approach has allowed Canada to attract talent from around the world and mitigate its aging population and labour shortages.

    This strategy, in theory, benefits both Canada and the immigrants who arrive with hopes of contributing to the nation while securing a prosperous future for themselves and their families.

    Canada permanent residency Express Entry draw

    The Skill Mismatch

    One of the fundamental reasons high-skilled immigrants face challenges in the Canadian job market is the “skill mismatch.”

    This phenomenon occurs when the skills and qualifications of immigrants do not align with the demands of the Canadian labour market.

    High-skilled immigrants, despite their expertise and qualifications, often find it difficult to secure employment commensurate with their educational and professional backgrounds.

    Credential Recognition Challenges

    One of the key obstacles for highly skilled immigrants is the recognition of their foreign credentials.

    Many arrive in Canada with internationally recognized degrees, work experience, and qualifications, only to discover that their accomplishments are not automatically acknowledged within the Canadian system.

    Credential recognition can be a lengthy and costly process, causing significant delays in securing employment.

    The issue of credential recognition is especially prominent in regulated professions like medicine, engineering, law, and teaching.

    To practice these professions in Canada, foreign-trained individuals must navigate a complicated and often time-consuming process to have their credentials assessed and possibly complete additional training or examinations.

    As a result, many highly skilled immigrants are forced to take jobs far below their qualifications simply to make ends meet, leading to underemployment.

    Sector-Specific Barriers

    Sector-specific barriers also play a crucial role in limiting job prospects for highly skilled immigrants.

    Many industries in Canada are highly regulated and closed to outsiders, making it difficult for immigrants to enter certain fields, even if they possess the requisite qualifications.

    The healthcare sector, for example, faces significant barriers for internationally trained doctors, who may need to pass challenging exams and undertake lengthy internships before they can practice in Canada.

    This not only delays their entry into the workforce but also incurs additional costs.

    Lack of Experience in Canada

    Another barrier high-skilled immigrants face is the often elusive “Canadian experience.”

    Many employers in Canada prefer candidates with domestic work experience, which can be an unattainable catch-22 for newcomers.

    Without Canadian experience, immigrants may be overlooked for job opportunities, preventing them from gaining the local experience necessary to establish their careers in Canada.

    Recently, Ontario has proposed to ban the requirement of Canadian work experience on job postings, but a lot still needs to be done.

    Discrimination and Bias

    While Canada prides itself on being a diverse and inclusive nation, discrimination and bias against immigrants persist in the labour market.

    Some highly skilled immigrants report facing stereotypes, cultural bias, or discrimination in the hiring process.

    Employers may undervalue the international experience and qualifications of immigrants, choosing instead to hire candidates with domestic backgrounds.

    Yes, that is true. Many highly skilled immigrants encounter resistance from their peers or experience criticism for being newcomers.

    Struggle for Survival Jobs in Canada

    Due to the difficulties high-skilled immigrants face in securing jobs in their respective fields, many resort to “survival jobs.”

    These jobs are typically low-skilled, low-paying positions that do not utilize their qualifications or skills.

    Immigrants may take such jobs to support themselves and their families while they continue to search for opportunities in their chosen fields.

    This situation leads to underemployment, where individuals are working well below their potential to just make ends meet.

    The Economic Consequences

    The challenges faced by highly skilled immigrants in Canada have significant economic consequences.

    While these immigrants are undoubtedly assets to the Canadian workforce, their underutilization results in a loss of productivity and economic potential.

    When talented individuals are not able to contribute their skills effectively, Canada misses out on the innovation and growth that high-skilled immigrants could bring.

    Moreover, high-skilled immigrants who find themselves underemployed often experience lower income levels, leading to a reduced standard of living and a reliance on social services.

    This situation not only impacts the immigrants and their families but also the Canadian economy as a whole.

    Ineffectively utilizing the skills of highly skilled immigrants is not only a missed opportunity but also a waste of resources.

    Potential Solutions

    Addressing the issue of limited job prospects for highly skilled immigrants in Canada requires a multifaceted approach.

    Several potential solutions could help bridge the gap between the qualifications and aspirations of immigrants and the realities of the Canadian job market:

    1. Improved Credential Recognition: Simplifying and expediting the credential recognition process, particularly in regulated professions, can reduce barriers for highly skilled immigrants.
      • Collaborative efforts between professional bodies, educational institutions, and governments can play a pivotal role in achieving this.
    2. Mentorship Programs: Implementing mentorship programs that connect high-skilled immigrants with Canadian professionals in their respective fields can provide valuable guidance and help them understand the nuances of the local job market.
    3. Promoting Inclusivity and Diversity: Encouraging employers to adopt more inclusive hiring practices and fostering a culture of diversity and inclusion in the workplace can help reduce discrimination and bias.
    4. Streamlining the Canadian Experience Requirement: Employers should consider the international experience of high-skilled immigrants as valuable and relevant, reducing the emphasis on Canadian experience in job requirements.
    5. Supportive Government Initiatives: Government programs that provide financial incentives to employers who hire highly skilled immigrants or subsidize the cost of credential recognition can stimulate better employment prospects.
    6. Sector-Specific Reforms: Reviewing and potentially easing regulations in highly regulated sectors to enable faster integration of highly skilled immigrants into the workforce
    7. Public Awareness Campaigns: Raising awareness about the contributions of highly skilled immigrants and dispelling myths and stereotypes can help build a more inclusive society.


    Canada’s paradox of having a shortage of job prospects for highly skilled immigrants despite actively attracting them is a complex issue with profound economic and social consequences.

    Addressing this paradox requires a concerted effort from the government, employers, professional bodies, and the existing immigrant community itself.

    Otherwise, highly skilled immigrants will even contribute more to reverse immigration, with not enough options to integrate into the Canadian community due to one reason or another.

    Canada needs immigration and cannot survive without immigrants. Furthermore, Canada cannot afford to lose immigrants who are already contributing to the economy.

    What are the new Canada Immigration Levels Plan 2024–2026?

    The new Canada Immigration Levels Plan for 2024-2026 aims to welcome around 1.5 million immigrants to Canada.

    The plan includes the following targets:

    485,000 permanent residents in 2024
    500,000 permanent residents in 2025
    500,000 permanent residents in 2026

    express entry draw history and immigration targets

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  • New Express Entry Draw Issues 4,750 PR Invitations | Dec 6

    Finally, a new Express Entry draw today sent out 4,750 invitations to apply (ITAs) for permanent residency in a ‘no program specified’ round of invitations.

    The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score increases by 61 points to 561 as compared to the last ‘no program specified’ Express Entry draw.

    Full details of the new Express Entry draw today:

    • Number of invitations issued: 4,750
    • Rank required to be invited to apply: 4,750 or above
    • Date and time of round: December 6, 2023 at 16:27:26 UTC
    • CRS score of lowest-ranked candidate invited: 561
    • Tie-breaking rule: November 08, 2023 at 06:00:13 UTC

    The CRS cutoff score increased because IRCC skipped the last biweekly round of invitations due to a technical glitch in the profile builder and this is the first draw since October 26, 2023.

    Click here to check out Express Entry draw history since 2015.

    Latest CRS Score Distribution in the Pool: December 5

    CRS score rangeNumber of candidates
    CRS Score distribution in the pool

    How do the Express Entry draws work?

    The Express Entry system manages applications for permanent residence in two steps.

    Firstly, individuals express their interest in immigrating to Canada by completing an online profile, which is screened electronically to determine if the individual is eligible for at least one of the skilled immigration programs managed by the system.

    The profiles of individuals who meet the eligibility criteria for at least one of these skilled immigration programs are placed in the Express Entry pool and assigned a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score based on information in their profile.

    Candidates in the pool are ranked according to their CRS score. Potential candidates can estimate their scores prior to completing an online profile using a CRS tool.

    Secondly, rounds of invitations are regularly published on the IRCC’s website, specifying the number of invitations for permanent residence that will be sent to candidates in the EE pool on a specific date, known as Express Entry draws.

    General invitation rounds are solely based on CRS scores, but some rounds of invitations are now category-based, targeting profiles with at least 6 months of experience in certain jobs or high proficiency in the French language.

    After receiving an invitation to apply

    ITAs are sent to candidates who are eligible to be invited in each round, in order of decreasing CRS score rank, until the maximum number of invitations set out in a draw is reached.

    The profiles of candidates who do not receive an invitation to apply (ITA) or decline an ITA remain in the pool for up to 12 months.

    Candidates that receive an ITA have 60 days to either submit an online application for permanent residence to IRCC or decline the invitation (which means their profile would re-enter the pool).

    Candidates who receive an ITA but take no action within the 60-day period are withdrawn from the pool.

    Upon receipt of all the documents by IRCC, an immigration officer assesses the application to verify the applicant’s CRS score, program eligibility, and admissibility.

    If the immigration officer is satisfied that all conditions have been met and that the applicant is not inadmissible, they are approved for a permanent resident visa.

    Applicants and their accompanying family members become permanent residents when they land in Canada.

    What is the processing time for Express Entry?

    The processing time for Express Entry applications varies and can be subject to change.

    The IRCC service standard is to process 80% of the Express Entry applications within 6 months, but currently most of the CEC and FSW applications are being processed within 5 months.

    However, processing times can vary depending on factors such as the specific immigration program, the number of applications received, and the completeness of the application.

    What are the category-based Express Entry draws?

    Canada implemented a new Express Entry draws called category-based selection on May 31, 2023, which will allow qualified immigrants with work experience in 82 occupations to have a better chance of becoming permanent residents by filling existing labour market gaps in one of the sectors listed below:

    1. Healthcare Occupations
    2. Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) occupations
    3. Trade occupations
    4. Transport occupations
    5. Agriculture and agri-food occupations

    new express entry draw today

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  • 4 New Ontario-OINP Draws Issues 2,699 Permanent Residency Invitations

    Today, the Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) sent out 2,699 invitations to apply for permanent residency under four new rounds of invitations.

    761 invitations are sent under the OINP Foreign Worker stream targeting profiles with a job offer in any one of the 61 skilled trade occupations (listed in the later part of this article) and a score of 34 and above.

    Another OINP Foreign Worker stream draw sent 1,663 invitations to profiles having a job offer in any of the 40 healthcare and 15 tech occupations (mentioned later in this article) and a score of 43 or higher.

    Additionally, 262 invitations have been sent under the OINP In Demand Skills stream, targeting profiles with experience in 22 in-demand occupations with a score of 30 or above.

    Summary of OINP Draws today

    StreamInvitationsDate profiles created with OINPScore rangeDescription
    Employer Job Offer: Foreign Worker stream761December 5, 2022 – December 5, 202334 and aboveTargeted draw for 61 skilled trades occupations
    Employer Job Offer: Foreign Worker stream1,663December 5, 2022 – December 5, 202343 and aboveTargeted draw for 40 healthcare and 15 tech occupations
    Employer Job Offer: In Demand Skills stream262November 22, 2022 – August 15, 202330 and aboveGeneral draw for 22 in-demand occupations
    Employer Job Offer: Foreign Worker stream13December 5, 2022 – December 5, 2023N/ATargeted draw for Economic Mobility Pathways.
    OINP Draws – December 5

    Full List of Occupations Eligible for OINP Foreign Worker Stream Draw today

    61 Skilled Trade Occupations

    1. NOC 22212: Drafting technologists and technicians
    2. NOC 22301 – Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians
    3. NOC 22302 – Industrial engineering and manufacturing technologists and technicians
    4. NOC 22311 – Electronic service technicians (household and business equipment)
    5. NOC 22312 – Industrial instrument technicians and mechanics
    6. NOC 70010 – Construction managers
    7. NOC 70011 – Home building and renovation managers
    8. NOC 70012 – Facility operation and maintenance managers
    9. NOC 72010 – Contractors and supervisors, machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades and related occupations
    10. NOC 72011 – Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations
    11. NOC 72012 – Contractors and supervisors, pipefitting trades
    12. NOC 72013 – Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades
    13. NOC 72014 – Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers
    14. NOC 72020 – Contractors and supervisors, mechanic trades
    15. NOC 72021 – Contractors and supervisors, heavy equipment operator crews
    16. NOC 72022 – Supervisors, printing and related occupations
    17. NOC 72024 – Supervisors, motor transport and other ground transit operators
    18. NOC 72100 – Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors
    19. NOC 72101 – Tool and die makers
    20. NOC 72102 – Sheet metal workers
    21. NOC 72103 – Boilermakers
    22. NOC 72104 – Structural metal and platework fabricators and fitters
    23. NOC 72105 – Ironworkers
    24. NOC 72106 – Welders and related machine operators
    25. NOC 72200 – Electricians (except industrial and power system)
    26. NOC 72201 – Industrial electricians
    27. NOC 72203 – Electrical power line and cable workers
    28. NOC 72204 – Telecommunications line and cable installers and repairers
    29. NOC 72205 – Telecommunications equipment installation and cable television service technicians
    30. NOC 72300 – Plumbers
    31. NOC 72301 – Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers
    32. NOC 72302 – Gas fitters
    33. NOC 72310 – Carpenters
    34. NOC 72311 – Cabinetmakers
    35. NOC 72320 – Bricklayers
    36. NOC 72321 – Insulators
    37. NOC 72400 – Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics
    38. NOC 72401 – Heavy-duty equipment mechanics
    39. NOC 72402 – Heating, refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics
    40. NOC 72403 – Railway carmen/women
    41. NOC 72404 – Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors
    42. NOC 72406 – Elevator constructors and mechanics
    43. NOC 72410 – Automotive service technicians, truck and bus mechanics and mechanical repairers
    44. NOC 72422 – Electrical mechanics
    45. NOC 72423 – Motorcycle, all-terrain vehicle and other related mechanics
    46. NOC 72500 – Crane operators
    47. NOC 73100 – Concrete finishers
    48. NOC 73101 – Tilesetters
    49. NOC 73102 – Plasterers, drywall installers and finishers and lathers
    50. NOC 73110 – Roofers and shinglers
    51. NOC 73111 – Glaziers
    52. NOC 73112 – Painters and decorators (except interior decorators)
    53. NOC 73113 – Floor covering installers
    54. NOC 73200 – Residential and commercial installers and servicers
    55. NOC 73201 – General building maintenance workers and building superintendents
    56. NOC 73202 – Pest controllers and fumigators
    57. NOC 73209 – Other repairers and servicers
    58. NOC 73400 – Heavy equipment operators
    59. NOC 73402 – Drillers and blasters – surface mining, quarrying and construction
    60. NOC 82031 – Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services
    61. NOC 92100 – Power engineers and power systems operators

    40 Healthcare Occupations

    1. NOC 30010: Managers in health care
    2. NOC 31100 – Specialists in clinical and laboratory medicine
    3. NOC 31103 – Veterinarians
    4. NOC 31110 – Dentists
    5. NOC 31111 – Optometrists
    6. NOC 31112 – Audiologists and speech-language pathologists
    7. NOC 31120 – Pharmacists
    8. NOC 31121 – Dietitians and nutritionists
    9. NOC 31201 – Chiropractors
    10. NOC 31202 – Physiotherapists
    11. NOC 31203 – Occupational therapists
    12. NOC 31204 – Kinesiologists and other professional occupations in therapy and assessment
    13. NOC 31209: Other professional occupations in health: diagnosing and treating
    14. NOC 31300 – Nursing coordinators and supervisors
    15. NOC 31301 – Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses
    16. NOC 31302 – Nurse practitioners
    17. NOC 31303 – Physician assistants, midwives and allied health professionals
    18. NOC 32100 – Opticians
    19. NOC 32101 – Licensed practical nurses
    20. NOC 32102 – Paramedical occupations
    21. NOC 32103 – Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
    22. NOC 32104 – Animal health technologists and veterinary technicians
    23. NOC 32109 – Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment
    24. NOC 32110 – Denturists
    25. NOC 32111 – Dental hygienists and dental therapists
    26. NOC 32112 – Dental technologists and technicians
    27. NOC 32120 – Medical laboratory technologists
    28. NOC 32121 – Medical radiation technologists
    29. NOC 32122 – Medical sonographers
    30. NOC 32123 – Cardiology technologists and electrophysiological diagnostic technologists
    31. NOC 32124 – Pharmacy technicians
    32. NOC 32129 – Other medical technologists and technicians
    33. NOC 32200 – Traditional Chinese medicine practitioners and acupuncturists
    34. NOC 32201 – Massage therapists
    35. NOC 32209 – Other practitioners of natural healing
    36. NOC 33100 – Dental assistants and dental laboratory assistants
    37. NOC 33101 – Medical laboratory assistants and related technical occupations
    38. NOC 33102 – Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates
    39. NOC 33103 – Pharmacy technical assistants and pharmacy assistants
    40. NOC 33109 – Other assisting occupations in support of health services

    15 Tech Occupations

    1. NOC 20012 – Computer and information systems managers
    2. NOC 21211 – Data Scientists
    3. NOC 21220 – Cybersecurity specialists
    4. NOC 21221 – Business system analysts
    5. NOC 21222 – Information systems specialists
    6. NOC 21223 – Database analysts and data administrators
    7. NOC 21230 – Computer systems developers and programmers
    8. NOC 21231 – Software engineers and designers
    9. NOC 21232 – Software developers and programmers
    10. NOC 21233 – Web designers
    11. NOC 21234 – Web developers and programmers
    12. NOC 21311 – Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)
    13. NOC 22220 – Computer network technicians
    14. NOC 22221 – User support technicians
    15. NOC 22222 – Information systems testing technicians

    Full List of 22 Occupations Eligible for In-Demand Skills Stream

    The below-listed occupations are eligible under the OINP In-Demand Skills Stream:

    Inside and outside the Greater Toronto Area:

    • NOC 44101: Home support workers, caregivers and related occupations
    • NOC 65202: Meat cutters and fishmongers—retail and wholesale
    • NOC 75110: Construction trades helpers and labourers
    • NOC 84120: Specialized livestock workers and farm machinery operators
    • NOC 85100: Livestock Labourers
    • NOC 85101: Harvesting Labourers
    • NOC: 85103: Nursery and greenhouse labourers
    • NOC 94141: Industrial butchers and meat cutters, poultry preparers and related workers

    Outside the Greater Toronto Area (City of Toronto, Durham, Halton, York and Peel regions)

    • NOC 94100 – Machine operators, mineral and metal processing
    • NOC 94105 – Metalworking and forging machine operators
    • NOC 94106 – Machining tool operators
    • NOC 94107 – Machine operators of other metal products
    • NOC 94110 – Chemical plant machine operators
    • NOC 94111 – Plastics processing machine operators
    • NOC 94124 – Woodworking machine operators
    • NOC 94132 – Industrial sewing machine operators
    • NOC 94140 – Process control and machine operators, food and beverage processing
    • NOC 94201 – Electronics assemblers, fabricators, inspectors and testers
    • NOC 94204 – Mechanical assemblers and inspectors
    • NOC 94213 – Industrial painters, coaters and metal finishing process operators
    • NOC 94219 – Other products assemblers, finishers and inspectors
    • NOC 95102 – Labourers in chemical products processing and utilities

    What is the latest Ontario-OINP draw in 2023?

    Four new Ontario-OINP draws on December 5 invited a total of 2,699 candidates to apply for permanent residency under the OINP Foreign Worker Stream and the In-Demand Skills Stream.

    Ontario Announces New OINP Entrepreneur Success Initiative Program

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  • 2 Canada Immigration Programs Opening to New Applicants in 2024

    There are two Canada immigration pathways that will start accepting permanent residency applications from new applicants in January 2024, with a limited number of spots.

    These pathways offer permanent residency (PR) for applicants meeting certain requirements and have a limited number of spots every year.

    It is always good to prepare ahead of time to ensure that applicants meet all the requirements with supporting documents to bag a spot in one of these programs.

    Caregivers Pilot Programs

    Home Support Caregiver Pilot and Home Childcare Provider Pilot are two much-awaited programs every year, with a limited number of spots.

    These spots are filled quite quickly after the program opens for new applications.

    Both of the pilot programs had a total cap of 5,500 applications in different categories in 2023.

    Canada Caregiver Pilot Programs

    Furthermore, IRCC has reduced the eligibility requirement to 12-month experience for in-Canada caregiver provider pilots from their previous 24-month experience.

    There are two categories under both the caregivers pilots, as listed below:

    Gaining Experience CategoryDirect to Permanent Residency (PR) Category
    This category is for applicants if they have not worked “OR” have less than 24 months of experience in any of the occupations under NOC 44100 or NOC 44101.

    *For in-Canada caregivers, this requirement is 12 months of experience.
    This category is for applicants if they have total of 24 months or more experience (in last 36 months) in any of the occupations under NOC 44100 or NOC 44101

    *For in-Canada caregivers, this requirement is 12 months of experience.
    Eligible candidates get work permit to accumulate 24 months of experience in Canada and can than apply for Direct Permanent residency after gaining the full experience and becoming eligible under Direct to Permanent Residency Category

    *For in-Canada caregivers, this requirement is 12 months of experience.
    To apply for PR, applicants need:
    1. At least 24 months of full-time work experience in Canada in the last 36 months
    2. Post-secondary education of at least 1 year
    3. Any past experience or training that demonstrates candidate is able to do the work described in job offer.

    *For in-Canada caregivers, this requirement is 12 months of experience.
    To apply for a work permit, applicants need:
    1. A valid full-time job offer (IMM 5983 E)
    2. CLB level 5 in English or French (IELTS = Reading 4 and rest of the modules 5)
    3. Post-secondary education of at least 1 year
    4. Any past experience or training that demonstrates the candidate is able to do the work described in the job offer

    Occupations Eligible for Caregivers Program

    Home child care providers (NOC 44100)Home Support Worker Pilot (NOC 44101)
    Child care live-in caregiver
    Child care provider – private home
    Parent’s helper
    Babysitter – fitness centre
    Babysitter – shopping centre
    Attendant for persons with disabilities – home care
    Family caregiver
    Home support worker
    Live-in caregiver – seniors
    Personal aide – home support
    Personal care attendant – home care
    Respite worker – home support
    Occupations eligible for Caregivers

    Click here for more information on the caregiver pilot program.

    Agri-Food Pilot

    The annual cap for another attractive, but with limited spots, immigration program, Agri-Food Pilot, will reset on January 1, 2024.

    IRCC processes a maximum of 2,750 permanent residency applications every year under the Agri-Food Pilot.

    This pilot will be extended until May 14, 2025, with new changes on May 18, 2023.

    Furthermore, family members of applicants who have received an acknowledgement of receipt letter are eligible to apply for an open work permit.

    The Agri-Food Pilot Program provides a path to permanent residency for individuals with at least 1 year of cumulative, non-seasonal, full-time work in the past 3 years in one or more of the below-listed occupations.

    • NOC 63201: Butchers, retail and wholesale
    • NOC 65202 – Meat cutters and fishmongers – retail and wholesale
    • NOC 94141 – Industrial butchers and meat cutters, poultry preparers and related workers
    • NOC 82030 – Agricultural service contractors and farm supervisors
    • NOC 84120 – Specialized livestock workers and farm machinery operators
    • NOC 85100 – Livestock labourers
    • NOC 95106 – Labourers in food and beverage processing
    • NOC 82030 – Agricultural service contractors and farm supervisors
    • NOC 84120 – Specialized livestock workers and farm machinery operators
    • NOC 85100 – Livestock labourers
    • NOC 85101 – Harvesting labourers
    • NOC 82030 – Agricultural service contractors and farm supervisors
    • NOC 84120 – Specialized livestock workers and farm machinery operators
    • NOC 85100 – Livestock labourers
    • NOC 85101 – Harvesting labourers

    Agri-Food Pilot has quite low language proficiency requirements for CLB Level 4 in English and French.

    In terms of education, only a high school diploma is necessary, according to education credential assessment (ECA).

    Canada is now also accepting a union reference letter in case an employer is not providing the experience letter.

    Click here for more information on Agri-Food Pilot.

    What are the two Canada immigration programs opening to new applicants in January 2024?

    What is the new Canada immigration levels plan for 2024?

    The new Canada immigration levels plan aims to welcome over 485,000 new immigrants in 2024 and 500,000 in 2025.

    This includes various immigration programs such as economic, family, and refugee categories.

    Click here for a detailed distribution of quotas for 2024, 2025, and 2026.

    canada immigration, caregiver program, agri food pilot, canada immigration news, immigration news canada, new canada immigration program,

  • IRCC Silent on 6 Important Imminent Canadian Immigration Matters

    We have now entered the last month of 2023, and Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is still silent on the important imminent immigration matters.

    The Canadian immigration department has always been criticized for a lack of communication regarding the upcoming changes and often delayed announcements to cover the tracks.

    However, the department has been lagging behind lately more than ever on imminent immigration matters and for not conducting the ‘flagship’ permanent residency rounds of invitation via the Express Entry system.

    In this article, we outline six ongoing issues that Canadian immigration applicants are facing, as well as the anticipated new changes that are awaited to be announced by the end of 2023.

    No Express Entry Draws Since October 26

    Canada usually announces express entry draws on a biweekly basis. Occasionally, they would miss out on a draw, but now it has been 5 weeks without any rounds of invitations.

    Initially, there was a technical glitch in the profile builder, which was expected to be the reason for the absence of biweekly draws, but on November 16, it was officially reported that the glitch had been resolved.

    However, the immigration department again tweeted that the glitch with the profile builder continues on November 28.

    The absence of Express Entry rounds of invitations has created uncertainty among the candidates who have an active profile and are awaiting the next round of invitations.

    The CRS cutoff score is expected to jump to its highest level ever if there is no large-sized draw in the upcoming weeks.

    New English Language Proficiency Test for Immigration and Citizenship

    In February and May 2023, the department confirmed that they are expected to start accepting PTE Core English proficiency tests in late 2023 for Canadian immigration and citizenship applications.

    We believe it cannot be more late in 2023 as we have entered the last month of the year, but there has been no update on the effective date for inclusion of this new English test for Canadian permanent residency programs other than “late 2023.”

    Neither did the department share what the PTE score equivalency would be with the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) levels.

    Currently, only IELTS and CELPIP are the two designated English tests approved for Canadian immigration.

    Click here for the PTE Core equivalency chart with CLB levels as per our expectations.

    The new IRCC Client Experience Platform

    The Global Case Management System (GCMS), the current IT processing platform, was first created two decades ago on the basis of process flows originally meant for paper applications.

    A contract for a new client experience platform, which will alter how clients engage with the department online, was awarded on July 14, 2023.

    This new client experience was expected to begin rolling out to a subset of clients by the end of 2023 and eventually provide all clients with a single window for immigration programs and services.

    As per the November 23 update, “transformation is underway,” and still, there is little known to immigration consultations, lawyers, and applicants as to what exactly to expect going forward.

    No Update on PGWP Extension 2024

    The Canadian immigration department has been providing PGWP extensions since the COVID pandemic to international graduates in Canada.

    PGWP is the post-graduation work permit that is offered only once in the lifetime of an international student after completing their study in Canada.

    However, it has been extended for existing PGWP holders 3 times now because of limited permanent residency prospects for them and also to help Canadian employers have access to workforce.

    International graduates on PGWPs are now uncertain whether they will get another extension for 2024 or not.

    There is still no official communication from the immigration minister or the department on whether they will provide another extension or not.

    No update on full-time work policy for International Students

    International students and an advocacy organization are pushing the Canadian government not to reinstate the 20-hour per week ban on full-time employment.

    The existing interim arrangement that allows international students to work full-time will be phased out on December 31, 2023.

    Tens of thousands of Canadian students are waiting for a decision on the 20-hour work limit.

    There is no update from IRCC other than the department’s spokesperson saying, “The program is currently under review, and decisions to extend or expand will be communicated publicly.”

    Express Entry Category-Based Selection Criteria For 2024

    IRCC is yet to open 2023–2024 consultations for determining Express Entry categories through category-based selection next year.

    2022-2023 consultations were opened between November 29, 2022, and January 16, 2023.

    A website page with information on enhancements being considered was made public, which linked to an online questionnaire.

    With last year’s consultations opening between November 2022 and January 2023, IRCC was eventually able to announce actual category-based selection criteria on May 31, 2023.

    The first category-based round of invitations was not announced until June 28, 2023.

    So this is also going past the due date for IRCC if they would like to follow the same consultation process in determining the new categories or even keeping the same categories.

    IRCC Client Experience Platform
  • New Ontario-OINP Express Entry Draw Invites 1,052 Profiles

    A new OINP (Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program) Express Entry draw sent out 1,052 invitations to claim provincial nominations on November 30.

    This Ontario Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) draw for Express Entry candidates comes out after more than two months. The last one was on September 26, 2023.

    Express Entry profiles with experience in one of 42 healthcare-related occupations are considered under the Human Capital Priorities Stream (HCP) in the OINP draw today.

    Profiles with a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score between 404 and 430 will receive or have already received an invitation to accept provincial nominations from Ontario.

    There has been no Express Entry draw by IRCC since October 26. It was also a healthcare-targeted draw on October 26, which invited 3,600 with a CRS score of 431 or above.

    Given that candidates above 430 may receive direct invitations from IRCC, OINP used that draw as a reference and invited candidates below that.

    While IRCC’s Express Entry draw drought continues, at least OINP conducted a draw targeting Express Entry profiles.

    Candidates receiving an invitation in today’s draw will have 45 days to respond with a complete application to accept provincial nominations.

    These Express Entry profiles will gain an additional 600 points after receiving OINP approval, bringing the Express Entry CRS score to between 1,004 and 1,030.

    Click here for OINP Human Capital Priorities (HCP) Stream Eligibility Criteria.

    Ontario OINP Express Entry draw

    The full list of 42 healthcare occupations invited in OINP Express Entry draw today

    1. NOC 30010: Managers in health care
    2. NOC 31100 – Specialists in clinical and laboratory medicine
    3. NOC 31101 – Specialists in surgery
    4. NOC 31102 – General practitioners and family physicians
    5. NOC 31103 – Veterinarians
    6. NOC 31110 – Dentists
    7. NOC 31111 – Optometrists
    8. NOC 31112 – Audiologists and speech-language pathologists
    9. NOC 31120 – Pharmacists
    10. NOC 31121 – Dietitians and nutritionists
    11. NOC 31201 – Chiropractors
    12. NOC 31202 – Physiotherapists
    13. NOC 31203 – Occupational therapists
    14. NOC 31204 – Kinesiologists and other professional occupations in therapy and assessment
    15. NOC 31209 – Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating
    16. NOC 31300 – Nursing coordinators and supervisors
    17. NOC 31301 – Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses
    18. NOC 31302 – Nurse practitioners
    19. NOC 31303 – Physician assistants, midwives and allied health professionals
    20. NOC 32100 – Opticians
    21. NOC 32101 – Licensed practical nurses
    22. NOC 32102 – Paramedical occupations
    23. NOC 32103 – Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
    24. NOC 32104 – Animal health technologists and veterinary technicians
    25. NOC 32109 – Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment
    26. NOC 32110 – Denturists
    27. NOC 32111 – Dental hygienists and dental therapists
    28. NOC 32112 – Dental technologists and technicians
    29. NOC 32120 – Medical laboratory technologists
    30. NOC 32121 – Medical radiation technologists
    31. NOC 32122 – Medical sonographers
    32. NOC 32123 – Cardiology technologists and electrophysiological diagnostic technologists
    33. NOC 32124 – Pharmacy technicians
    34. NOC 32129 – Other medical technologists and technicians
    35. NOC 32200 – Traditional Chinese medicine practitioners and acupuncturists
    36. NOC 32201 – Massage therapists
    37. NOC 32209 – Other practitioners of natural healing
    38. NOC 33100 – Dental assistants and dental laboratory assistants
    39. NOC 33101 – Medical laboratory assistants and related technical occupations
    40. NOC 33102 – Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates
    41. NOC 33103 – Pharmacy technical assistants and pharmacy assistants
    42. NOC 33109 – Other assisting occupations in support of health services

    Ontario Express Entry Draw 2023 summary

    OINP Express
    Entry Stream
    InvitationsCRS Score
    Human Capital Priorities stream15,143350-516
    French-Speaking Skilled Worker stream1,490250–516
    Skilled Trades stream7,512291–489
    Ontario Express Entry Draw 2023 Summary

    All The OINP HCP Draws 2023

    DateInvitationsCRS score range
    November 30, 20231,052404-430
    September 26, 20231,696350-462
    August 11 – 16, 20232084473-516
    August 16, 2023751473-495
    July 20, 2023902458-462
    July 20, 2023159458-462
    July 6, 2023748479-485
    May 8, 20232,349427-482
    May 5, 20231,863475-482
    March 10, 2023815479-489
    March 8-9, 2023822469-489
    February 2, 20231,127481-489
    February 2, 2023775476-489
    All the OINP HCP Draws 2023

    What is the latest Ontario Express Entry draw?

    The latest Ontario Express Entry draw on November 30 invited 1,052 profiles with experience in 42 healthcare-related occupations with a CRS score between 404 and 430 to claim provincial nominations.

    Ontario jobs.jpeg

    new oinp update, oinp news, oinp express entry draw, oinp human capital priorities stream, Canada immigration news, immigration news Canada,

  • Canada Should Extend International Students Full Time Work Policy

    International students and an advocacy group are urging the Canadian government to continue allowing them to work full-time and not re-impose the 20-hour per week restriction.

    On November 15, 2022, certain foreign students were temporarily permitted to work full-time without any restriction on the number of working hours.

    With the rising cost of living, these students were able to meet their ends and Canadian employers were able to access full-time workers to alleviate the labour shortage.

    The current temporary policy allowing international students to work full-time will end on December 31, 2023.

    Tens of thousands of students in Canada are anxiously awaiting a ruling on the 20-hour work limit.

    Will the policy extend?

    Former Immigration Minister Sean Fraser stated in 2022, “With the economy growing at a faster rate than employers can hire new workers, Canada needs to look at every option so that we have the skills and workforce needed to fuel our growth.”

    He said, ‘This is a win-win situation for not only International students but also Canada.” 

    On extension of this policy, Minister Fraser said, “I believe in real-world data. So we are going to see how it addresses the labour shortage in the economy, and we may extend the policy next year.”

    According to one of the international students, IRCC sent email survey requests to students who were eligible to work full-time inquiring about their experiences with the full-time work policy, which was open until September 11, 2023.

    international students survey

    So we can say that IRCC is reviewing this full-time work policy to see its impact on the Canadian economy in addressing labour shortages and feedback from international students.

    And, if there is an extension, we may see an update coming from IRCC just prior to its end or at the beginning of 2024 since the department is usually lagging behind in extending the policies.

    If extended, the policy should also include the students who came to or are coming to Canada in 2023 and 2024.

    Most of the international students have always worked more than 20 hours on cash payments.

    This cash payment is unaccounted for tax purposes and the Canadian government has always been losing tax revenue from international students’ cash payments.

    Canada should even make this full-time work permit policy permanent for foreign students, which will eventually increase tax revenue significantly from these students.

    Plight of International Students

    International students are hopeful that Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) will reconsider and make the temporary suspension of the job requirement a permanent element of the international study program.

    In an interview with the CBC, James Casey, a policy and research analyst at the Canadian Federation of Students (CFS), claimed that rising rents and other living costs disproportionately affect international students because they are not eligible for federal or provincial loans, grants, or housing vouchers.

    At least some overseas students are seeking assistance from food banks.

    “It’s a very dire situation that speaks to the huge gap between what life is for an international student in this country versus the average Canadian student,” Casey was quoted as saying.

    Many overseas students, according to Casey, share beds and single rooms and end up homeless.

    international students

    “If this decision is not made permanent, we’re going to have mass amounts of international students being caught up in human trafficking and exploitative labour practices.”

    The Migrant Workers Alliance for Change (MWAC) has listed four reasons why the 20-hour work limit should be lifted on its website:

    1. Typical job structure

    An eight-hour work shift is typical. Migrant student workers who work a third shift are effectively working four out of every twenty-four hours.

    Two shifts total 16 hours, which is just insufficient, and part-time work is commonly defined as three days per week.

    The 20-hour work limit effectively forces people to participate in irregular employment that is not protected under labour law.

    2. Already working more than 20 hours per week

    International tuition grows every year, and migrant students must work to survive, especially in light of global inflation.

    Many are forced to work more than 20 hours per day, increasing their vulnerability to labour exploitation and making it more difficult to pay taxes.

    3. There is already a precedent

    International students in key industries in Canada will be able to work an unrestricted amount of hours beginning in 2020.

    Australia has lifted the 20-hour limit on study permit holders as of February 2022.

    4. Flexibility and self-determination

    There are ups and downs in the academic cycle. Migrant students want to be able to work more during low-intensity periods and not at all during test season.

    By removing the restriction, students get the flexibility and freedom to make their own choices.

    International Students in Canada

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  • Visitors inside Canada can apply for Work Permit until 2025

    Foreign nationals who are visiting Canada on a tourist or visitor visa can continue to be eligible to apply for work permits until February 28, 2025.

    All the individuals reaching out to inquire about this topic: Yes, you can apply for a work permit from within Canada, but you need to fulfill the requirements to support your work permit application.

    Anyone having a visitor visa and currently in Canada doesn’t mean they can just apply for a work permit by simply submitting any application to IRCC.

    Such interested visitor visa holders need to satisfy all the work permit criteria, including a supporting Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) or a valid job offer (if offered, the job is LMIA-exempt) by the Canadian employer.

    A temporary public policy initially announced in 2020 was extended on February 28, 2023, by the former immigration minister Sean Fraser.

    As per the policy, foreign nationals who are visiting Canada and obtain a valid job offer will be able to apply for and receive a work visa without leaving the country.

    Visitors applying under this public policy who have held a work permit within the last 12 months may also request interim work authorization to begin working for their new employer sooner.

    The purpose of this policy

    Keeping this interim policy in place gives Canadian firms another option, as many are facing major worker shortages in this era of economic development.

    Prior to this temporary policy adjustment, anyone wishing to work here had to apply for their initial work visa from outside Canada.

    If they were already inside the country with visitor status when they were authorized for a work permit, they would have to leave before their work permit could be issued.

    Leaving Canada is no longer necessary with this policy in effect.

    Initially, this policy was only for the visitors who came before August 24 2020 and have a job offer in addition to other requirements.

    But then this policy was amended to allow all visitor visa holders entering Canada without considering their date of entry.

    Eligibility Criteria To Apply

    An applicant looking forward to benefiting from this temporary public policy must:

    • have a valid visitor status in Canada on the day they apply
    • have a job offer backed by a labour market impact assessment (LMIA) or an LMIA-exempt offer of employment
    • submit an application for an employer-specific work permit before February 28, 2025, and
    • satisfy all other standard admissibility requirements

    Candidates with visitor status who have already held a work permit in the last 12 months under this temporary policy are also eligible if they meet the below-listed criteria:

    • When you apply, you must be physically present in Canada.
    • You must remain in the country while your application is being processed.
    • You will not be eligible for this public policy if you depart while your application is being processed.
    • While applying for a work permit, you must be a visitor with valid status.
    • If your visitor status has expired, you must restore it before applying for a work permit.
    • applied for an employer-specific work permit between August 24, 2020, and February 28, 2025
    • had a valid work permit in the 12 months before to applying for a new work permit

    Visitors inside Canada who have held a valid work permit in the last 12 months can follow particular guidelines to obtain interim work permit.

    Eligibility Requirements For Interim Authorization To Work

    Interim Work Authorization is only granted to visitor visa holders who have held a valid work permit in the previous 12 months under this temporary arrangement.

    After submitting an application for a work permit under this policy, applicants must complete the IRCC Web form with the message that IRCC has specified below.

    When you fill out the Your Inquiry section, you must copy the text below.

    Priority Code VISIT2WORK2020: I am requesting consideration under the Temporary Public Policy to Exempt Certain Visitors in Canada from Immigration Requirements during the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic and ask that the applicable exemptions be granted until a decision is made on my work permit application or it is withdrawn.
    My previous work permit number [U#########] expired on [Date].
    I have submitted my application for a work permit online. OR I have submitted my application on paper and the postal/courier tracking number is NUMBER.
    I intend to work for [employer NAME] / [occupation] as specified in the aforementioned work permit application.
    I understand that providing false, misleading or incorrect information is a violation of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and may result in enforcement measures against me.

    Make sure you fill out the sections in square brackets, including the

    • dates
    • work permit number (begins with a “U”)
    • name of your employer
    • title of your job

    After completing the webform, you must wait for an email from IRCC informing you that you can start working.

    This will be your interim work authorization before getting the work permit and this process could take up to 30 days (6 weeks).

    What is the Canada visitor visa to work permit processing time?

    Most of the online work permit applications from inside Canada are taking an average of 135 days as per the most recent official IRCC processing update.

    Paper-based applications are being processed in an average of 17 days after being received by the IRCC.

    Canada work permit

    Canada immigration news, visitor visa to work permit, converting visitor visa to work permit,

  • Top 10 Highest Paying Jobs In The Greater Toronto Area

    Toronto is often described as the financial capital of Canada, as it is one of the largest business hubs.

    However, the cost of living in Toronto is far greater than the average cost of living in other parts of the country.

    Here is the list of the 10 highest-paying jobs in the Toronto area within each growing sector. 


    The demand for healthcare workers has drastically increased with the increase in population across Canada.

    Similarly, in Toronto, the healthcare industry continues to grow and provides several opportunities to move up in your career. Some of the highest-paying titles in healthcare are: 

    • 1. Surgeon: Average annual salary of $196,401 per year
    • 2. Orthodontist: Average yearly pay of $179,925 per year

    Business and Finance 

    Careers in business and finance are beneficial as they provide management and leadership roles.

    Moreover, the business and finance industries are generally lucrative. High-paying jobs in this field are: 

    • 3. Marketing Director: Average annual salary of $171,401 per year
    • 4. Investment Manager: Average yearly salary of $95,915 per year

    Information Technology 

    The fastest-growing industry in Toronto that continues to be in demand is IT or information technology.

    Additionally, as most things move to a digital landscape, all industries need tech-savvy employees. Below are high-paying tech jobs in Toronto. 

    • 5. Developer: The average annual salary is $114,400 per year.
    • 6. Software Engineers: average yearly pay of $124,005.50 per year

    Another high-paying industry is the legal industry. However, being a very competitive field, there are not as many job opportunities as before.

    Nevertheless, if you are passionate about law, below are some high-paying legal jobs you could consider: 

    • 7. Lawyer: The average yearly salary is $102,474 per year.
    • 8. Paralegal: average annual wage of $78,059 per year.


    Although construction may not be as attractive as other industries, it continues to be one of the highest-paying jobs. Additionally, you can earn higher wages as you get promoted to a managerial position. 

    • 9. Construction Manager: Average annual salary of $98,253 per year
    • 10. Civil Engineer: Average yearly salary of $84,000 per year

    What comprises of the Greater Toronto Area?

    The Greater Toronto Area (GTA) includes the following municipalities: Toronto, Mississauga, Brampton, Markham, Vaughan, Richmond Hill, Oakville, Burlington, Milton, Aurora, Newmarket, and Pickering.

    What are the 10 highest-paying jobs in the Greater Toronto Area?

    Here are the 10 highest-paying jobs in the Greater Toronto Area:

    1. Surgeons with average annual salary of $196,401
    2. Medical Directors with average yearly pay of $171,401
    3. Marketing Directors get paid an average annual salary of $140,137
    4. Investment Managers have an average yearly salary of $95,915
    5. Developers get average annual salary of $114,400
    6. Software Engineers have average yearly pay of $110,930
    7. Lawyers get paid an average of $102,474 per year
    8. Paralegals get average annual wage of $78,059
    9. Construction Managers get paid annual salary of $98,253
    10. Civil Engineers have an average yearly salary of $84,000

    Please note that these professionals get paid even more with experience and above listed are just the average salaries.

    Toronto Jobs

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  • Canadian Immigration Backlog Reaches Highest Level in 9 Months

    The great Canadian immigration backlog is rising and has now reached the highest level since February 2023, heading towards the 1 million mark.

    So, if you have applied for or are thinking of applying for immigration or a visa to Canada, then you may have to wait a bit longer or are already waiting longer than usual.

    The IRCC backlog is defined as any citizenship, immigration, or visa application taking longer under processing than the normal immigration department’s service standard.

    Click here for application-category-wise IRCC service standards.

    The Canadian immigration backlog has been continuously rising since April 30, 2023, up until the latest available official data as of October 31, 2023, updated by the IRCC yesterday.

    Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) reports that there were 936,500 overall citizenship, immigration, and temporary visa applications in backlog, were taking longer than normal IRCC processing service standards.

    Click here for application-category-wise IRCC service standards.

    Canadian Immigration Backlog Month-on-Month Comparison

    Application TypeBacklog
    Oct 31
    Sep 30
    September 30
    %Age Change
    September 30
    Permanent Residence287,500284,600+2,9001.02%
    Temporary Residence592,600585,700+6,9001.18%
    Canadian Immigration Backlog

    IRCC updated this data today, November 21, 2023 for the application processing inventory as of the end of the previous month.

    IRCC aims to process 80% of the applications within the set service standards set by the department and any application exceeding this service standard time is labelled as backlog.

    Click here for application-category-wise IRCC service standards.

    Overall, IRCC was managing a total of 2,166,800 applications among all the categories as of October 31, 2023.

    Application TypeWithin Service Standards
    October 31
    Within Service Standards 
    September 30
    Change Since September 30
    Permanent Residence351,500362,300-2.98%
    Temporary Residence664,000687,700-3.45%
    IRCC Applications Under Service Standards

    The backlog decreased among citizenship applications, while it grew for both permanent residency and temporary residency applications as compared to last month’s update.

    IRCC Backlog Comparison in 2023

    The Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has been processing more than 2 million applications at any given point since March 2023.

    The below table lists all the official IRCC immigration backlog data reported since January 2023 and the percentage change month-on-month.

    Backlog Update DateApplications 
    In Backlog
    Total Applications 
    Under Processing
    Backlog Net
    %Age Change month-on-month
    October 31, 2023936,5002,166,800+0.86%
    September 30, 2023928,5002,194,900+9.9%
    August 31, 2023844,7002,198,700+5.2%
    July 31, 2023802,6002,274,600+0.2%
    June 30, 2023801,0002,264,000-2.3%
    May 31, 2023820,0002,248,000+1.4%
    April 30, 2023809,0002,006,000-9.7%
    March 31, 2023896,3002,017,700-1.5%
    February 28, 2023910,4001,962,600-6.6%
    January 31, 2023974,6001,944,500+6.1%
    Canada Immigration Backlog 2023

    Canadian Immigration Backlog

    What is the latest backlog of the IRCC 2023?

    The IRCC was processing 2,166,800 applications for citizenship, immigration, and visas as of October 31, 2023.

    According to the most recent IRCC statement on the Canada immigration backlog, there is an increase in the backlog of applications to 936,500 as of October 31, 2023.

    Canadian Immigration Backlog is Now Highest in Last 11 Months

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  • Will there be New PGWP Extension 2024 for International Students?

    International students in Canada are having high hopes for another PGWP Extension 2024 policy just to allow them to continue to work because of limited permanent residency (PR) options.

    There were nearly 2.2 million temporary residents in Canada at the end of the second quarter of 2023, out of which more than 1 million were on work permits.

    This number has almost doubled in one year, from around 600,000 at the end of the second quarter of 2022.

    Recently, Immigration Minister Marc Miller also acknowledged that international students should understand that there are limited permanent residency options.

    Usually, PGWP is issued only once to international students after they graduate from a Canadian education institution without any room for extension.

    However, Canada introduced a temporary PGWP extension policy during the COVID outbreak, allowing international students on postgraduate working permits to extend their status for 18 months.

    This policy was then reintroduced in 2022 and 2023.

    The most recent and currently active PGWP extension 2023 policy allows international students to extend their work permits for up to 18 months if their status has expired or is expiring prior to December 2023.

    This also includes the previous international students who got their extension under the 2022 policy to benefit again with an additional 18-month work permit.

    Need for PGWP Extension in 2024

    PGWP must expire by December 2023 in order to be eligible for the 2023 extension policy.

    On the other hand, permits for students in the same program and intake have different expiration dates.

    This has led to a rift among the students, and some are not handled fairly or with due process when their PGWP expires in January 2024 or later.

    Usually, international students depend on the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) category of Canada’s flagship permanent residency pathway, the Express Entry system.

    IRCC used to hold CEC-specific rounds of invitations where international students with skilled experience of 1 year or more in Canada were the ideal candidates.

    However, IRCC has not held any CEC-only rounds of invitations since September 2021 and has now switched to category-based draws.

    Canada is currently having the highest number of temporary residents ever in the Canadian history.

    As a result, international graduates are now facing high competition and limited options to transition to permanent residency (PR).

    On October 27, 2023 Marc Miller announced that they will be reviewing the Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP) and better aligning it with regional and Francophone immigration objectives, as well as the demands of the Canadian labour market, in the coming months.

    But meanwhile, international talent in Canada already supporting the economy needs to be retained with a new extension policy in 2024.

    Will there be a PGWP Extension 2024 policy?

    At this time, there is no official news or confirmation whether there will be another PGWP extension policy for work permits expiring in 2024.

    However, international students are have high hopes for the Canadian immigration minister to reintroduce the PGWP extension policy again, giving them more time to stay and work in Canada.

    Usually, IRCC does not announce such policies until the last moment or even after the expiration of a current policy.

    The PGWP Extension 2023 policy was announced in March 2023, three months after the previous policy ended in December 2022.

    However, IRCC did allow the international students whose PGWP expired and was also beyond the 90-day restoration period to benefit from the new 2023 policy.

    Nothing definite can be said at this point in time about whether there will be a PGWP extension in 2024 or not, which is unfortunate but customary for IRCC to not communicate things in advance.

    International students with expiring post-graduation work permits (PGWPs) at the beginning of 2024 should now start exploring alternative options to continue staying in Canada to be on the safe side.

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  • Express Entry Draw History and Latest Analysis | Nov 2023

    Canada aspirants often confuse Express Entry draw invitations with the annual immigration targets and assume that IRCC will not hold any other round of invitations because the yearly quota has been reached.

    However, this is not how Express Entry invitations and the annual immigration level plan work. Annual targets are not equal to the number of invitations issued in a particular year.

    Canada is aiming to welcome 110,770 new permanent residents (PRs) via the Express Entry system as per the new immigration levels plan for 2024–2027.

    But this doesn’t mean that IRCC will only be sending 110,770 invitations to apply in 2024.

    The annual immigration targets set by Canada are for the number of new permanent residents who activate their permanent residency at any Canadian port of entry, not the ones who are even approved.

    Furthermore, these also include temporary residents in Canada who get permanent residency via Express Entry and confirm their PR online or at any port of entry.

    Express Entry Draw History Since 2015

    The Express Entry system was introduced in 2015, with the first round of invitations announced on January 31, sending only 779 invitations to apply with a CRS cutoff score of 886.

    There have been a total of 272 Express Entry draws since 2015.

    In 2015, Express Entry sent a total of 31,063 invitations to apply with lowest CRS cutoff score of 450 and all were ‘no program specified draws.’

    The number of invitations to apply has continued to increase since then, with the highest (114,224) invitations to apply sent in 2021.

    This includes the largest single draw of 27,332 invitations for Canadian Experience Class (CEC) with a CRS cutoff score of 75.

    Prior to that, IRCC sent out 107,350 invitations in 2020. This was the actual year with the highest number of invitations and consistent draws for all categories.

    YearNumber of
    Annual Express
    Entry Targets
    Overall Annual
    Resident Targets
    2024To be announced110,770485,000
    (additional 25,000
    allocated to Tr to PR)
    (additional 40,000
    allocated to Tr to PR)
    201786,02373,700 (2017 targets included
    Atlantic Immigration Pilot)
    Express Entry Draw History

    It is evident from the above table that the number of invitations has exceeded the annual targets in recent years, except in 2022, 2016, and 2015.

    Historical Lowest CRS Cutoff Scores

    The lowest CRS cutoff score was noted in a Federal Skilled Trades (FST) draw on May 26, 2017 of 199, but IRCC is no longer holding any FST draws now other than the skilled trades category-based draws.

    Among the new category-based Express Entry draws, the Trades-targeted draw has the lowest CRS cutoff score of 388 in 2023.

    ‘No Program Specified’ Express Entry draw on May 31, 2017 recorded the lowest CRS cutoff score of 413, issuing 3,877 invitations to apply.

    Canadian Experience Class draws recorded the lowest CRS cutoff score of 357 in June and July of 2021, other than the 75 cutoff score in an unexpected CEC draw during the same year.

    Provincial Nominee Program draws had the lowest CRS cutoff score of 673 in November 2017 and 674 in February 2022, and one of the lowest cutoffs at 691 in May 2023.

    Should We Expect More Express Entry Draws in 2023?

    IRCC has a service standard of processing Express Entry applications within 6 months and the current official processing time shows 80% of the CEC and FSW applications are being processed within 5 months.

    IRCC should be conducting more Express Entry draws in 2023, given that most of the candidates who submitted their applications after August–September 2023 will be processed in 2024 and contribute to next year’s immigration targets.

    Furthermore, all the new invitations to apply sent in the upcoming draws of this year will be processed in 2024 only and have nothing to do with the 2023 targets.

    So there should be more draws, but the CRS cutoff score is expected to be high because there has been no Express Entry draw since October 26.

    Canada Immigration News - Express Entry Draw

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  • Canada Opens New PR Pathway for Colombians, Haitians & Venezuelans

    Canada’s new PR pathway is now open for applications from Colombian, Haitian, and Venezuelan foreign nationals seeking Canadian permanent residency.

    Originally, Immigration Minister Marc Miller announced this dedicated humanitarian pathway on October 10, 2023.

    This new PR pathway will welcome up to 11,000 people who have family in Canada and meet the below-listed requirements.

    Eligibility Criteria for New PR pathway

    Colombian, Haitian, or Venezuelan nationals currently residing in South or Central America, Mexico, or the Caribbean who have a Canadian citizen or permanent residency family member in Canada.

    Family members include a spouse, common-law partner, child (of any age), grandchild, parent, grandparent, or sibling.

    These Canadian family members must agree to support them and their family members as an anchor for one year.

    Special Support fo Eligible Applicants

    Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) will support the eligible applicants by:

    • waiving the Right to Permanent Residency Fee, all application costs, and biometric fees
    • offering pre-departure medical care to help preserve your health and ensure safe travel to Canada
    • provide you the equivalent of three months of financial aid once you arrive in Canada, to assist you in settling
    • give you free settlement services before and after you come to assist you in assimilating into Canadian society and the labour force

    Canada is also welcoming workers from the Americas by bringing in an additional 4,000 people through existing temporary worker programs, such as the Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program.

    Need for This PR Pathway

    Illegal migration across Central America has increased significantly. As a result, there has been an increase in migrant smuggling, physical insecurity, and exploitation of people passing through the region.

    This new PR pathway is part of Canada’s commitment to welcome 15,000 Western Hemisphere migrants on a humanitarian basis during Joe Biden’s visit to Canada in March 2023.

    These policies are intended to reduce migratory pressures in the Western Hemisphere.

    For some individuals uprooted by political, social, and economic insecurity, the new humanitarian channel offers an alternative to irregular migration north through Central America.

    The IRCC will continue to assess the pathway’s progress and make adjustments as needed to achieve these objectives.

    How do I apply for this new PR pathway?

    You must apply online through the IRCC portal. Your anchor (Canadian citizen or permanent resident family member) must sign a statutory declaration stating their willingness to support you in Canada.

    Click here for more details on this program and how to apply.

    What is Canada’s annual immigration target for 2024?

    Canada intends to accept 485,000 new permanent residents in 2024, 500,000 in 2025, and 500,000 in 2026 through various immigration programs for skilled workers, family sponsorship, and humanitarian basis.

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  • New List of Top 10 Most Stolen Vehicles in Canada, Ontario, Alberta, & Quebec

    A new list of the top 10 most stolen vehicles in Canada by the auto insurance fraud prevention organization was released on November 14.

    The organization also released regional breakdowns for Ontario, Alberta, Quebec, and Atlantic provinces for the top 10 most stolen vehicles of 2022.

    Auto thefts reached all-time highs in 2022, with Ontario growing by 48% and Quebec increasing by 50%, putting Canada at the forefront internationally as a source country for illegal commerce.

    In 2022, private auto insurers in Canada paid out $1.2 billion in theft claims for the first time in history.

    Canadians are paying more to cover the costs of auto theft at a time when inflation and affordability are putting extra strain on consumers.

    In Canada, auto insurance depends on the vehicle’s make and model and it’s involvement in collisions as well as thefts in a particular postal code.

    Top 10 Most Stolen Vehicles in Canada

    RankMake/ModelNumber of TheftsNumber of Vehicles InsuredMost Stolen Model Year
    1Honda CR-V5,620469,1442020
    2Dodge RAM 1500 Series2,600508,0612022
    3Ford Fl50 Series1,833615,7402020
    4Lexus RX Series1,81593,7662020
    5Toyota  Highlander1,759117,6632021
    6Honda Civic1,493705,0562019
    7Jeep Grand Cherokee1,349120,3872021
    8Land Rover Range Rover1,34334,2012020
    9Chevrolet/GMC  Silverado/ Sierra 1500 Series1,260595,8162006
    10Jeep Wrangler1,189132,2192021
    Top 10 Most Stolen Vehicles in Canada

    Top 10 Most Stolen Vehicles in Ontario

    RankMake/ModelNumber of TheftsNumber of Vehicles InsuredMost Stolen Model Year
    1Honda CR-V2,684224,3112020
    2Lexus RX Series1,70757,7532020
    3Dodge RAM 1500 Series1,405195,8732022
    4Toyota  Highlander1,34460,3262021
    5Land Rover Range Rover1,22520,7432020
    6Ford F150 Series901214,0672020
    7Jeep Grand Cherokee76647,9812021
    8Jeep Wrangler68963,4432021
    9Honda Civic630318,5512019
    10Acura ROX45937,2352021
    Top 10 Most Stolen Vehicles in Ontario

    Top 10 Most Stolen Vehicles in Alberta

    RankMake/ModelNumber of TheftsNumber of Vehicles InsuredMost Stolen Model Year
    1Dodge RAM 1500 Series37391,7712014
    2Chevrolet/GMC Silverado/34937,6852007
    3Chevrolet/GMC Silverado/ 33695,3622005
    4Ford F150 Series315106,1752018
    5Ford F350 Series28922,5272006
    6Dodge Ram 2500 Series11920,6832001
    7Honda Civic11749,9352000
    8Jeep Grand Cherokee10632,2312021
    9Ford F250 Series1067,1962004
    10Honda CR -V10348,0231999
    Top 10 Most Stolen Vehicles in Alberta

    Top 10 Most Stolen Vehicles in Quebec

    RankMake/ModelNumber of TheftsNumber of Vehicles InsuredMost Stolen Model Year
    1Honda CR-V2,689115,8952020
    2Acura ROX65315,8952020
    3Honda Civic506224,6882019
    4Dodge RAM 1500 Series50479,0192020
    5Jeep Wrangler43328,0482021
    6Toyota RAV 4425124,3572019
    7Jeep Grand Cherokee42022,8082021
    8Toyota  Highlander34417,3862021
    9Ford Fl50 Series25691,1662019
    10Hyundai Tucson24263,4502021
    Top 10 Most Stolen Vehicles in Quebec

    Top 10 Most Stolen Vehicles in Atlantic Canada

    RankMake/ModelNumber of TheftsNumber of Vehicles InsuredMost Stolen Model Year
    1Dodge RAM 1500 Series8145,1932017
    2Chevrolet/GMC  Silverado/ Sierra 1500 Series7370,7942018
    3Ford Fl50 Series7154,8172010
    4Honda Civic6771,0772017
    5Honda CR-V6246,0902020
    6Toyota Corolla4155,8472010
    7Hyundai Elantra4139,0002017
    8Toyota RAV42843,4622015
    9Nissan Rogue2022,3822016
    10Toyota Tacoma2018,3442017
    Top 10 Most Stolen Vehicles in Atlantic Canada

    What are the most stolen vehicles in Ontario?

    1. Honda CR-V (2020): 2,684 thefts
    2. Lexus RX Series (2020): 1,707 thefts
    3. Dodge RAM 1500 Series (2022): 1,405 thefts
    4. Toyota Highlander (2021): 1,344 thefts
    5. Land Rover Range Rover (2020): 1,225 thefts
    6. Ford F150 Series (2020): 1,225 thefts
    7. Jeep Grand Cherokee (2021): 766 thefts
    8. Jeep Wrangler (2021): 689 thefts
    9. Honda Civic (2019): 630 thefts
    10. Acura RDX (2021): 459 thefts

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  • Top 10 Reasons Why Americans Move to Canada

    Every year, a significant number of American residents make the drastic decision to leave their country and move to Canada.

    In fact, the United States is among the top 10 source countries for new immigrants coming every year.

    Not only U.S. citizens, but recently, the country also welcomed almost 6,000 American temporary residents with H-1B visa as of last month.

    Although there are many different reasons for this movement, a few common ones have emerged as the main forces underlying it.

    The ten most frequent reasons given by Americans for moving to Canada are as follows:

    1. Job Opportunities

    Canada has a strong job market that attracts qualified employees looking for greater career possibilities and stable employment across a range of industries.

    Many people have been lured from across the border by the attraction of lucrative, highly skilled jobs and a robust labour market.

    2. Education

    American students seeking top-notch postsecondary education are drawn to Canada’s well-known educational system and its elite universities and colleges.

    Students find the nation to be an appealing option because of its varied academic offerings and reasonably priced tuition.

    Furthermore, it could be comparatively competitive to get admission to top American universities as compared to Canadian universities.

    3. Healthcare

    Unlike the frequently costly and intricate healthcare system in the United States, the Canadian publicly funded healthcare system provides accessible and affordable medical services.

    Although healthcare is not totally free and Canadians have to pay for medications and procedures, this inspires some Americans to take action to improve their access to healthcare with a free doctor’s consultation for all.

    4. Flexible Immigration Policies

    A wave of skilled workers and professionals from the United States has immigrated here as a result of the country’s streamlined immigration policies, which include Express Entry and Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs).

    Furthermore, the recent launch of a new open work permit policy for H1B visa holders gives us an idea that the program, which had a quota of 10,000, was filled overnight.

    5. Political and Social Stability

    Canada is known for its stable political system and democratic values. People seeking a stable and secure environment may choose to move above the 49th Parallel Line.

    Canadian politics, social safety nets, and progressive policies are frequently seen as a sanctuary, making the country attractive to Americans looking for a more secure and stable atmosphere.

    6. Family Reunification

    Relocating to Canada allows Americans who have Canadian relatives and friends to reunite with them and start a new life together in a peaceful environment.

    Additionally, Americans find it more safe and secure to raise families in Canada with compassionate Canadian values.

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    7. Lifestyle and Quality of Life

    Canadian magnificent natural landscapes, numerous recreational opportunities, and high standard of living attract people looking for a higher quality of life and a closer connection to nature.

    Canada is ranked at number 3 in quality of life, whereas the U.S. is ranked at number 23.

    8. Environmental Concerns

    People who are passionate about combating climate change and living sustainably find Canada’s dedication to environmental conservation and sustainability appealing.

    Most of the Canadian geography outside major cities is preserved, which makes a person feel like exploring the untouched natural beauty, understanding the importance of preserving it, and joining hands to save the environment.

    9. Escape from Political or Social Issues

    For those looking for a new beginning in a different setting, some Americans may consider Canada as a way out of the political unrest or social problems they are unhappy with in the U.S.

    Some may argue that political or social situation is also not good in Canada, but Americans moving here finds it incomparable.

    10. Culture and Natural Beauty

    Canada provides something for everyone in culture and nature. Canada has the most national park land.

    Also, the True North has 47 national parks at 377,000 square kilometres, while the US has 62 at 210,000 square kilometres. The nearly 22,000 hiking routes in Canada are a must for nature lovers.

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    All together, these ten arguments offer a complex pull factor that draws Americans to the northern border.

    The trend emphasizes Canada’s attractiveness as a country of opportunity, quality of life, and social well-being, even though each person’s reasons may be different.

    How many U.S. citizens live in Canada?

    According to the most recent data from the United States Department of State, an estimated 1 million U.S. citizens live in Canada.

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  • 4 Important Things To Do While Waiting For Next Express Entry Draw

    IRCC may announce the next Express Entry draw anytime this week between November 14 and 16, because three weeks have now passed since the last one on October 26, 2023.

    One of the reasons there was no Express Entry draw last week was a technical glitch and we hope that glitch is now resolved and draws resume.

    However, new candidates or candidates already in the pool must understand that creating a profile isn’t enough.

    Candidates in the Express Entry pool should work on improving their profile in case-specific ways that they can achieve to improve the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score.

    Additionally, applicants with a high CRS score who feel they have a good chance of receiving an invitation to apply (ITA) should also work proactively on gathering important documents that need to be submitted after ITA.

    There are some important things that you can take care of while waiting for the next Express Entry draw so that you are ready to respond to it.

    Keep up your profile for Express Entry

    It is your constant responsibility to maintain the veracity and accuracy of the information on your profile.

    Not only because of the technical glitch, but all the applicants need to keep an eye on and update their profiles regularly, ensuring they are up-to-date with their actual information.

    You are required to update your profile if your situation changes. A change like this:

    • switching professions
    • whether to accept or reject a job offer
    • reevaluating language in a new way
    • getting married, divorcing, adopting or birthing a new child

    Work on Increasing Your CRS Rating

    You can increase the likelihood that you will be invited to submit an application and your standing in the pool by:

    Click here to know 6 ways to increase your CRS score.

    Use Job Bank to Locate a Job

    You can carry on your job hunt by opening an account with Canada Job Bank. Employers seeking candidates with your skill set can be reached through the Job Bank database.

    Experience with searching for a job via job bank may not have been pleasant for Express Entry candidates, but you can still apply since finding a job is actually a job.

    You can also search job postings that are already approved for positive LMIA. A tip: Try to apply for large employers since they look to hire serious candidates.

    Always remember that persistence is the key to a job hunt.

    Preparing Documents for ITA

    If you are positive about your profile and have a high chance of receiving an invitation to apply in the next Express Entry draw, then be ready with official documents that may take some time to get.

    Always remember that there are only sixty days to respond with a complete application after receiving an ITA and if you cannot provide the supporting documents, then the ITA is not worth it at all.

    So, the application procedure will go more smoothly if you have all the required paperwork available.

    The rule of thumb is that you will have to submit all the documentation in support of the information entered in your profile.

    Click here to check out the full list of documents you need for Express Entry.

    Among these most important documents are:

    Language proficiency test: Make sure the results of your language test are accurate. When you file for permanent residency, it has to still be valid.

    If the results of your language test are no longer valid, your application for permanent residency will be rejected.

    As per IRCC, in the event that your results expire before receiving an invitation to apply (ITA), then you should:

    • If possible, retake the exam or apply before the expiration of your test results.
    • Refuse the offer and reenter the pool to be given a chance at a later draw.

    Police Clearances: You must have police certifications, as must any family members who are at least eighteen years old.

    In certain nations, obtaining a police certificate might be a drawn-out procedure.

    Now that you are a part of the pool, ask for them so you can submit them before your sixty-day submission deadline is over after receiving an ITA.