Sean Fraser IRCC Minister Canada

Here Are New IRCC Processing Times As Of November 9!


IRCC changed their online processing tool in the beginning of 2022, to offer accurate information on processing timelines. Immigration Minister Sean Fraser announced this modification on March 31, 2022, as part of an effort to improve Canadian immigration system. This page contains the latest processing times from the IRCC website as of November 9, 2022.

What Updates Does the Processing Time Include 

IRCC bases processing time on the time it took to process prior similar applications. The processing period begins when the application is received by IRCC and concludes when the immigration officer makes a decision on the application. Furthermore, the processing time may differ depending on whether the application was filed on paper or online.

These processing times are designed to offer new weekly timelines from the preceding 6 months’ data. Furthermore, it correlates the application volume with operational issues to assist future immigrants in better planning their journey.

Processing Times for Citizenship & PR cards

Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
Citizenship grant24 monthsNo Change
Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship)16 monthsNo Change
Resumption of citizenship34 monthsNo Change
Renunciation of Citizenship17 monthsNo Change
Search of citizenship records15 monthsNo Change
New PR card102 days+ 37 Days
PR card renewals90 days– 3 Days

Processing Time for Family Sponsorship

Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
Spouse or common-law partner living outside Canada20 monthsNo Change
Spouse or common-law partner living inside Canada14 monthsNo Change
Parents or Grandparents PR37 monthsNo Change
Processing time for Canadian Passport 
Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted in person at Service Canada Centre – Passport services)10 business daysNo Change
In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted by mail to Service Canada Centre)20 business daysNo Change
In-Canda Urgent pick-upBy the end of next business dayNo Change
In-Canada Express pick-up2-9 business daysNo Change
Regular passport application mailed from outside Canada20 daysNo Change
Processing time for Economic Class
Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
Canadian Experience Class (CEC) 19 monthsNo Change
Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) 27 monthsNo Change
Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)49 monthsNo Change
Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) vis Express Entry14 monthsNo Change
Non-Express Entry PNP22 monthsNo Change
Quebec Skilled Worker22 monthsNo Change
Quebec Business Class65 monthsNo Change
Federal Self-Employed42 monthsNo Change
Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)14 monthsNo Change
Start-Up Visa31 monthsNo Change


Processing Time for Temporary Residence Application 
Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
Visitor visa outside CanadaVaries by country (India: 162 days)+ 4 Days
Visitor visa inside CanadaOnline: 18 days
Paper-Based: 43 days
+1 Day (Online)
+ 2 Days (
Paper-Based)
Parents or Grandparents SupervisaVaries by country (India: 138 days)+ 24 Days
Visitor Extension (Visitor Record)Online: 201 days
Paper-Based: 173 days
– 2 Days (Online)
– 2 Days (Paper-Based
)
Study Permit Outside Canada13 WeeksNo Change
Study Permit Inside Canada4 WeeksNo Change
Study Permit ExtensionOnline: 78 Days
Paper-Based: 73 Days
– 2 Days (Online)
– 2 Days (Paper-Based
)
Work Permit Outside Canada*Varies by country (India: 14 Weeks)No Change
Work Permit Inside CanadaOnline: 169 Days
Paper-Based: 83 Days
No Change For Online
– 1 Day (Paper-Based
)
International Experience Canada (Current Season)7 WeeksNo Change
Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)**5 minutesNo Change
Source: IRCC

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  • OINP Express Entry Skilled Trades Stream: Here Is Full Eligibility

    If you are a foreign national with work experience in eligible skilled trades, you can apply for a nomination and get permanent residency in Ontario. Below, you can learn about the six eligibility requirements for the OINP Express Entry Skilled Trades stream.

    Overview of Ontario Express Entry Skilled Trades stream

    The Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) has an immigration stream called Express Entry Skilled Trades Stream. It enables foreign nationals with relevant skilled trades work experience to apply for permanent residence to live and work permanently in Ontario.

    Before you can submit an online application to be recommended for permanent residence by the OINP, you must have a current profile in the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) Express Entry system, and you received a Notification of Interest (NOI) from Ontario in a PNP draw.

    If you receive a nomination, the next step is applying to the federal government through IRCC. The federal government has the final say on who gets permanent residency. 

    You must first meet the eligibility requirements for Ontario’s Express Entry Skilled Trades Stream to apply. Below is how to meet the eligibility requirements. 



    Ontario Express Entry Skilled Trades Stream requirements

    Work Experience Requirements 

    To be eligible, you must meet the following requirements: 

    • Have a minimum of one year of cumulative paid full-time work experience (or the equivalent in paid part-time work) in Ontario Major Groups 72
      • excluding occupations under transportation officers, 73, 82, 83, 93 (excluding aircraft assemblers and aircraft assembly inspectors), or Minor Group 6320 (excluding cooks), as per the National Occupational Classification (NOC)

    Previous work experience 

    Your previous employment must be:

    • Acquired within the two years before the date you submitted your application to the OINP.
    • In one or more of the occupations listed on your Express Entry profile
    • In Ontario, while you maintained a legal status in Canada

     Cumulative work experience 

    Having cumulative work experience means your total work experience adds up to one year. However, it does not be one year of continuous work. 

    Full-time and part-time work experience 

    Full-time work implies working in a paid position for at least 30 hours per week, totalling a minimum of 1,560 hours of paid work in one year. 

    Equivalent part-time employment entails

    • Working at least 15 hours per week for two years, accumulating at least 1,560 hours in that time period, or
    • Working in more than one job for a minimum of 30 hours per week for one year, resulting in at least 1,560 paid work in that year. 

    Other work experience requirements 

    • Your work experience needs to have been obtained over a minimum of one year.
    • A total of 1,560 hours of work experience obtained in less than a year does not qualify.
    • Only work experience obtained after being qualified to practice that occupation in Ontario will qualify if you worked in a compulsory trade.
    • Paid work experience earned while attending a post-secondary institution full-time (for example, on a co-op work term) and self-employment is not qualified.
    • Volunteering and unpaid internships are not considered work experience.

    Getting a licence or certificate 

    Suppose you are claiming work experience in a compulsory trade. In that case, even if you are no longer working in a trade occupation, you must have a valid certificate or licence when applying to Ontario. 

    In addition, you must have a valid certificate or licence covering the work experience used to satisfy the minimum one year of work experience requirement in an eligible skilled trades occupation.

    Determine whether your job is in a compulsory trade, which requires a license.

    Ontario residency and legal status in Canada

    You must be a resident of Ontario with a valid work permit when you apply. If your work permit has expired, you can apply to the OINP if you have applied IRCC to renew or extend your work permit before it expires.

     In certain instances, you are considered to have implied status. Therefore, you can remain in Canada and continue to work under the same circumstances as your current work permit while the pending application decision is made. 

    However, you are not required to have a job when applying.

    Language Requirements For OINP Express Entry Skilled Trades Stream 

    You must be able to understand, write, read, and speak English or French at a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level 5 or above.

    Before applying to this program, you must complete an approved English or French language test to demonstrate that you have the required language skills. When you submit your application, your language test results should be less than two years old. 

    For English:

    There are two acceptable tests for English, which are:

    • International English Language Testing (IELTS)- General Training test
    • Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP)- General test 

    For French: 

    • Test d’évaluation de français pour le Canada (TEF)
    • Test de connaissance du français pour le Canada (TCF Canada)

    Settlement funds requirements 

    When you move to Canada, you must have the resources to sustain yourself and any dependant family members.

    Remember that a family member can include your spouse, common-law partner, and children below or not yet 22 years old. 

    You can fulfill the settlement fund requirement by selecting one or a combination of the following:

    • Funds as evidenced by bank statement balances or statements of accounts displaying other investments such as non-locked-in, fixed-term deposits, mutual funds, etc 
    • Annual earnings from an ongoing job in Ontario
    • Having a job offer in Ontario 

    The total amount of money you must have available depends on your family size. Check out the table below for your reference.

    Ontario PNP Express Entry Stream

    You can also combine your income from your current job and savings to prove that you meet the settlement fund requirement. 

    For example, suppose you’ve calculated how much money you’ll need based on your family size and determined that you’ll need $29,000. You have a job offer in Ontario with an annual salary of $25,000 and a savings account balance of $5,000, for a total of $30,000. You could meet the settlements fund requirement by combining your job offer and bank statement.

    Please remember that if you provide bank statements that include a big one-time deposit, you may need to provide additional evidence to prove that your finances are free of debt or liabilities.

    The desire to reside in Ontario

    You must intend to dwell in Ontario after being granted permanent residence. While assessing your application, the government may determine this by looking at your ties to Ontario, which can include the following

    • Currently working or have prior work experience in Ontario 
    • Applying for jobs in Ontario and getting job offers and interview 
    • Have studied Ontario 
    • volunteering experience in the province 
    • Have a lease or own property 
    • Visited Ontario 
    • Possess professional networks and affiliations or family ties and personal relationships

    Source: OINP


  • Childcare In Canada – Here Is All You Need To Know!

    The journey might sound too overwhelming if you are getting permanent residency of Canada, starting a new life and have kids. As a parent, childcare is usually the top priority. Everyone wants to provide their child with the best care. However, it is also essential to manage the costs and ensure that the childcare service is top quality. 

    So, if you have a child or are planning on having one, you are in the right place. This article lists the many childcare options in Canada. Also, it helps you understand the costs so that you can plan your budget accordingly. Moreover, it will also help you choose a service that is best suited to your needs.

    Types of child care in Canada

    In Canada, there are many options available for child care. A few examples of these are – daycare centres, home daycare, nannies, and preschools. Some of the services are regulated while others might be unregulated.

    Regulated services are monitored, licensed, and regulated by provincial and territorial authorities. Examples of these are full-day childcare, home child care, and school-age child care.

    On the other hand, unregulated child care is provided either in the caregiver’s or the child’s own home. In such cases, it is the parent’s responsibility to assess the quality of child care provided.

    Moreover, you will have to manage your relationship with the caregiver. Listed below are the different kinds of child care in Canada – 

    childcare in canada

    Full-day child care centres

    These centres are inspected regularly by government officials. Full-day child care should be licensed and meet the province’s regulations. These include group size, staff training requirements, physical space, nutrition, health and safety, and so on.  Any childcare centre that is not licensed cannot operate anywhere in Canada.

    Part-day programs

    These programs are regulated in almost all provinces through the same licensing systems as full-day programs. However, some requirements may be different. Also, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, and Yukon allow unlicensed part-day programs. Examples of such programs are nursery schools or preschools.

    School-age programs

    These programs are regulated in all provinces, usually up to age 12. However, starting age and specific requirements for school-age programs vary. Some before and after-school programs, recreational and skill-building programs, as well as programs for young school-aged children during summers and school holidays are not required to be licensed

    Regulated family child care (home child care)

    This program is available in all provinces. It is provided to a group of children in a caregiver’s own home. In some provinces, regulated family childcare homes are inspected or monitored by a government official.

    They make regular visits. Some regulations in this program include the physical environment, number of children by age, record keeping, nutrition, health and safety, and also sometimes caregiver training.



    Cost of childcare in Canada

    Child care is expensive in Canada and varies by province. So, it often becomes a challenge to find affordable child care. The monthly cost can be around $179 to $1,934 CAD depending on the province.

    In Quebec, Prince Edward Island, Manitoba, and Newfoundland, and Labrador half of the childcare spaces are at a provincially-set fee. Child care in Toronto is the most expensive.

    Also, Markham, Mississauga, Oakville, Richmond Hill, and Vaughan, all cities in the GTA (Greater Toronto Area) follow with the highest median fees for childcare. The cities with the lowest fees for infant care are in Quebec. Winnipeg also has affordable childcare. 

    How to find a perfect childcare option 

    Listed below are the steps you should take to find childcare that best suits your situation – 

    • Search for Child Care Services in your city. You can find them on your city’s website or the province’s Ministry of Education website. This will provide you with a list of licensed centers in your neighborhood.
    • Choose the location that best suits for based on your work location or home. Ask about their hours of operation. See if they match the days and times when you’ll need childcare
    • Check the environment of the childcare. It should be welcoming, safe, and child friendly. 
    • Confirm that the provider is licensed, regulated, or monitored by the government. Confirm their qualifications. See if the staff is trained in providing emergency first aid.
    • Lastly, ask about the fees and see if it fits your budget. 

    Tips for newcomers to Canada

    Here are a few tips for newcomers- 

    Budgeting – It is important to budget your expenses. Note down all your monthly costs. This will help you better plan your finances and choose the right kind of childcare program. Also, this helps you decide if you should go for private or public care. For example, hiring a nanny may prove to be slightly more cost-effective if you have two or more kids. 

    Grants – The federal government offers Canada Child Benefit to families with children. This grant provides a tax-free monthly payment to all eligible families living in Canada to assist with the cost of raising children under the age of 18. You should apply for these grants. 

    Subsidies – All provinces provide childcare subsidies. However, the criteria, limits, and options may vary depending on the province. You should consider this. You can Reach out to your nearest newcomer settlement centre for assistance.


  • Inland Vs Outland Canada Spousal Sponsorship Applications!

    Inland Vs Outland Canada Spousal Sponsorship: When applying for spousal sponsorship, you have two options: either as an in-land or outland. Both application types have different processing times and requirements to maintain. 

    One frequently asked question is whether you should apply as an inland or outland applicant for spousal sponsorship. The answer depends on your situation and needs. For example, it is best to submit your application as an outland applicant if you need to travel or be outside Canada. 

    However, if you prefer to work and remain inside Canada, the most suitable option is to apply as an inland spousal applicant. 

    Often, most people want to take both options: to work in Canada and depart when needed. However, leaving Canada while your application is processing comes with several risks that can lead to application refusal or denied entry at the border. 

    Hence, inland applicants are strongly advised to remain in Canada while their application is processing. The main reason is that if you depart Canada, you may not be allowed to re-enter. 



    Why should inland spousal sponsorship applicants not depart the country?  

    Considering that you enter Canada as a visitor, having family or spouse inside Canada sometimes serves as a disadvantage because, as a visitor, your stay in the country is limited to 6 months (if extension is not applied or status is changed). 

    Furthermore, when the border official is aware that your spouse or common-law partner is in Canada, it becomes harder, not easier, to enter. It may seem contradictory, but keep in mind that you are asking to enter as a guest at the port of entry, which means you are only visiting for a limited time and will return home after that. 

    If you have established your home with your spouse or common-law partner, you are not truly a genuine guest who intends to return home outside of Canada, and a border officer may reject your admission.

    Frequently Asked Questions about Class Sponsorships in Canada

    Can you depart Canada in case of an emergency? 

    If an emergency requires you to leave Canada, get in touch with a licensed immigration practitioner (consultant or lawyer) before you leave. It would help if you honestly weighed the importance of being allowed to travel against the risk you are taking with your application. 

    Nevertheless, there is documentation that you may prepare in advance that may help you at the port of entry upon your return.

    What to do if you have already left Canada and were denied entry?

    Unfortunately, you will need to start your sponsorship application again if you cannot return to Canada, this time with an outland spousal sponsorship application. 

    To begin a new application as an outland applicant, you must first withdraw your current ongoing application. Moreover, the $550 application fee may not be refundable if your application is already processed.

    You may be eligible for a refund if your application is not yet processed, but it is not guaranteed, and the refund process can take months. 

    Remember that applying again comes with a new set of updated forms, proof of support with a more current date, and sometimes new police clearances. 

    Nevertheless, it is important to note that numerous applicants for inland sponsorship do arrive and depart successfully. Every time they leave the country, though, they run the possibility of having their application for permanent residence delayed or denied if they can’t get back into Canada immediately.

     In addition, living together while the application was being processed is one of the requirements for approval of an inland sponsorship, so even if you are permitted to enter Canada again, a prolonged absence from the country can still present issues.

    Can you change your application from inland to outland or vice versa? 

    No, even though the application materials will be identical, an inland sponsorship has a different legal structure and procedure than an outland sponsorship. 

    Even separate IRCC offices handle the processing of the applications. You cannot request that an application be changed to a different stream once filed under one stream. Withdrawing your spousal sponsorship and submitting a fresh application would be the option if you discover that you must switch categories for some reason.

    For more details on spousal sponsorship, refer to official IRCC page.


  • Recommendations To Improve Canada Immigration Made By CIMM

    The Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration (CIMM) released a report, Promoting Fairness in Canada Immigration Decisions, where the Committee investigated visa outcomes in the immigration system. Upon examination, they found the system systematically and unjustifiably disfavours particular groups based on race and country of origin.

    As a result, the Committee makes wide-ranging suggestions to improve the immigration system, which consistently disadvantages some groups depending on race and country of origin.

    After hearing from several immigration advocates, lawyers, and settlement agency staff, the House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration decided to examine the immigration system. 



    CIMM’s Key recommendations for the immigration system 

    IRCC will share their response to the CIMM report and recommendations in a few months. Meanwhile, below are the key recommendations:

    • Visa officers should record applicant interviews to prevent miscommunication.
    • Ottawa should expand the extraordinary measures already available to Ukrainians, such as the provision allowing for the sponsorship of extended family members to people from other nations and regions experiencing humanitarian crises.
    • The Canadian government should establish a separate monitoring body responsible for the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), whose mandate should include dealing with racism and complaints concerning the agency. 
    • Immediate implementation of an Anti-Racism Quality Assurance process for decisions made by visa officers to investigate the impact of individual bias and systemic racism on decisions and refusal rates at visa offices
    • Requesting that Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) dedicate more resources to process caregiver permanent residency applications from all streams faster. 

    As per IRCC, they train all officers to assess all applications equally and use the same criteria regardless of their country of origin. With the upcoming reports, they are looking to examine the impact on racialized applicants and minority community members. 

    CIMM highlights longer wait times in application processing 

    According to the Committee’s information, waiting for durations for various refugee groups may differ depending on shifting government priorities and quotas.

    A non-denominational charitable group called Remember Ministries’ executive director, Jennifer Miedema informed the Committee that fund allocation tells you where priorities are placed or who are the favoured demographics.

    Miedema says that “the uneven distribution of delays equals the uneven distribution of suffering,” adding that even holding out hope for final resettlement could be harmful over a prolonged period of waiting and delay.

    Further, she explains the impact on refugees, as their hopes are raised when they submit their applications, but they need to wait for a year or two without any response. As a result, it has a heavy impact on their mental health. 

    According to the Parliamentary Committee, the government should raise the overall number of refugees it welcomes to Canada during a crisis rather than backtrack on or delay receiving those whose applications are currently on hold. 

    They also want a complete racial equity assessment of Canada’s immigration and refugee system and to allocate more resources to process and give priority to privately sponsored refugees. 

    An increasing number of federal appeals 

    The number of people requesting federal appeals to become new Canadians has increased seven times in the last three years. 

    The court system is becoming overburdened with these judicial requests to contest allegedly unjust decisions made by visa officers and procedural delays. These applications are a judicial remedy in the immigration context that compels the IRCC to carry out a public legal obligation owed to an applicant.

    The recording of candidate interviews has been recommended as a potential solution to help with court-ordered redeterminations of unsuccessful applications. According to Vancouver-based immigration lawyer Victor Ing, IRCC needs to be more transparent and honest with clients to avoid more mandamus applications.

    Next, the Committee highlighted the increased wait times in the caregiver program. 

    The caregiver Program has the longest wait times

    The Live-in Caregiver Program saw some of the longest wait times before and after the pandemic. For example, the average time to process caregiver visas in 2020 was about 57 months and two days. While in 2021, the wait time was 68 months plus one day to process applications. 

    As a result, 15,621 applications were pending or anticipated to be pending in the Home Child-Care Provider Pilot backlog as of December 31, 2021. In addition, there were 1,639 more applications in the Live-in Care Program’s database.

    Arlene Ruiz, a licensed and regulated immigration consultant and a recruiter from Alexene Immigration & Employment Services, informed the Committee that many caregivers are from the Philippines. For them, the delays in application processing cause breakdowns in their marriages and children growing out of their dependent status. 

    Immigration attorney Steven Meurrens also mentions that the IRCC lacks transparency, which adds to the problem. For example, the processing times mentioned on IRCC are inaccurate. Further, the Access to Information Act shows that there have been no caregiver files processed since 2019.

    Following this month’s announcement by the federal Minister of Immigration, Sean Fraser, that Canada aims to settle 500,000 new immigrants by 2025, a new report by the Parliament has been released.

    The announcement comes after a record-breaking year for immigration to Canada in 2021, when more than 405,000 people arrived. The nation is also dealing with an unprecedented backlog of visa applications, with 2.2 million being processed by IRCC as of this month.

    Source: CIMM Report


  • Know Latest Average Weekly Earnings In Canada & All The Provinces

    On November 24, 2022 – Statistics Canada released September 2022 data for average weekly earnings in Canada and all provinces. Due to administrative steps that lead to the collection and compilation of data from our widely dispersed Canada, this data is typically delayed by two months.

    In September 2022, the number of employees receiving pay or benefits from their employer increased by 85,300 (+0.5%), according to the Survey of Employment, Payrolls, and Hours. Average weekly earnings in Canada is at $1,175.37, an increase of 3.5% year-on-year.

    Overall, the payroll employment were largest in Quebec (+39,100; +1.0%), Ontario (+15,300; +0.2%), British Columbia (+10,500; +0.4%) and Alberta (+10,400; +0.5%). The only province to see a decrease in payroll employment was Newfoundland and Labrador (-900; -0.4%).

    Overall, average weekly earnings increased by 3.5% year on year in September 2022, slightly higher than the 3.2% increase in August. Below are the province-wise and industry-wise weekly earnings as per Statistics Canada.

    Industry-Wise Weekly Earnings in Canada (Including overtime) – September 2022

    IndustryAverage Weekly Earnings
    Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction2304.44
    Utilities1927.56
    Finance and insurance1724.12
    Professional, scientific and technical services1639.86
    Information and cultural industries1621.54
    Public administration1532.19
    Management of companies and enterprises1493.67
    Construction1456.61
    Forestry, logging and support1411.59
    Wholesale trade1399.45
    Manufacturing1248.50
    Transportation and warehousing1226.55
    Real estate and rental and leasing1204.10
    Sector aggregate1175.37
    Educational services1145.01
    Health care and social assistance1016.67
    Other services (excluding public administration)981.10
    Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services952.89
    Arts, entertainment and recreation729.04
    Retail trade704.73
    Accommodation and food services468.30


    Province-Wise Weekly Earnings in Canada

    GeographyWeekly Earnings Sep 2022Weekly Earnings Aug 2022
    Nunavut$1593.33$1559.50
    Northwest Territories$1560.30$1552.27
    Yukon$1334.02$1348.75
    Alberta$1266.05$1257.16
    Ontario$1206.70$1198.79
    British Columbia$1175.98$1170.23
    Newfoundland and Labrador$1159.31$1145.71
    Saskatchewan$1155.70$1143.55
    Quebec$1118.25$1120.40
    New Brunswick$1082.99$1066.62
    Manitoba$1066.67$1070.27
    Nova Scotia$1020.83$1027.02
    Prince Edward Island$985.73$975.54

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Which Canadian province has the highest average weekly earnings?

    Nunavut has the highest weekly earnings at $1593.33 followed by Northwest Territories at $1560.30 and Yukon at $1334.02. However, these provinces have very low population being in the northern Canada.

    Alberta has the average weekly earnings of $1266.05 among the major Canadian provinces followed by Ontario at $1206.70 and British Columbia at $1175.98.

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Canada?

    Canada has the average weekly earnings of $1,175.37 as per latest data by Statistics Canada released on November 24, 2022.

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Ontario and British Columbia?

    Ontario has the average weekly earnings of $1206.70, while British Columbia has average weekly earnings at $1175.98

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Quebec?

    Quebec has an average weekly earnings of $1118.25

    Source: Statistics Canada


  • Canada Open Work Permit – All You Need To Know

    Most foreign nationals need a work permit to work in Canada; there are two types of work permits: open work permits and closed work permits. An open work permit allows you to work for any employer in Canada. In contrast, closed work permits are employer-specific, enabling you to work for a specific employer under particular conditions. 

    With an open work permit, you do not require any job offer or LMIA from a Canadian employer. Moreover, you can work a maximum of 40 hours per week on an open work permit. It also comes with the benefit of working anywhere in Canada with any employer. 

    However, a person can apply an open work permit in 11 scenarios as instructed by IRCC. In this article, you can learn about the eligibility requirements of an open work permit for Canada. 

    Who can apply Canada open work permit? 

    According to IRCC, an open work permit is only available in certain circumstances, and you may be eligible if you meet the following: 

    1. International students who have graduated from a designated learning institution and qualify for the Post-Graduation Work Permit Program
    2. Destitute students who can no longer afford to pay for their studies  
    3. Employer employer-specific work permit holders who are being or are at risk of being exploited in their job in Canada 
    4. Those who have applied for permanent residency in Canada and awaiting for decision on your application.
    5. Dependent family members of permanent resident applicants 
    6. Common-law partner or spouse of a skilled worker or of an international student 
    7. Spouse or common-law partner of Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program applicant 
    8. Refugee claimant, refugee, protected person or their dependent family members
    9. You are subject to an unenforceable removal order, meaning you have requested a federal judicial review, pre-removal risk assessment, or humanitarian and compassionate considerations in response to a removal order
    10. A temporary resident permit holder
    11. Young workers who participate in special programs such as CUSMA. 

    Please note that an open work permit allows you to work for any employer in Canada, excluding those who are:



    Work Permit General Requirements

    Depending on where you are when applying for an open work permit, you need to meet specific requirements. However, you must meet the following requirements regardless of where you are and the work permit type you apply for. 

    • Demonstrate to an official that you intend to depart Canada after your work permit expires;
    • Prove that you have sufficient funds to support yourself and your family members during your stay in Canada and return home;
    • Obey the law and have no criminal history (you may need to provide a police clearance if requested);
    • Not pose a security risk to Canada;
    • Be in good health and undergo a medical exam if needed
    • Not plan to employers work for an employer included on the list of employers who have failed to comply with the requirements with the status “ineligible”;
    • Have no intentions to work for a business that regularly provides striptease, exotic dance, escort services, or erotic massages; and
    • Provide the officer with any additional documents they request to confirm your eligibility to enter the country.

    How To Apply Canada Open Work Permit?

    There are different instructions to apply for Canada work permit depending on location. It depends whether you want to apply work permit from within Canada or outside Canada or at a Port of Entry (POE). Click here to get instructions depending upon your situation.