Canada Italy Youth Mobility Program

IRCC Announces New Canada-Italy Youth Mobility Agreement


Today, Francesco Sorbara, Member of Parliament for Vaughan-Woodbridge, announced a new Canada-Italy Youth Mobility Agreement on behalf of the Honourable Sean Fraser, Minister of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship. 

With the Canada-Italy Youth Mobility Agreement, Canadian and Italian youth now have more opportunities when applying for international work or travel experience through the International Experience Canada Program.

Canada and Italy have long been youth mobility partners, supporting international work and travel opportunities. The program also assists youth in exploring different cultures, languages, and societies while gaining life skills and enhancing their future career possibilities.

The New Canada-Italy Youth Mobility Agreement

There are around 1.5 million Canadians of Italian heritage, making Canada one of the world’s largest Italian communities outside of Italy.

Under the new agreement, youth aged 18 to 35 can work and travel in Canada for up to 12 months and participate in the program twice, making it possible to travel and work for a total of 24 months. 

The agreement has also expanded the program to introduce 2 new streams, International Co-op and Young Professionals. In addition, it will assist youth in gaining professional work experience abroad. 



IEC Categories that can participate in New Canada-Italy Youth Mobility Agreement

The program allows for three categories of participation:

  • Working Holiday participants can acquire an open work permit that enables them to work anywhere in the host nation to fund their travels.
  • International Co-op (Internship) participants are provided with an employer-specific work permit, allowing students to get specific experience in their field of study.
  • Young Professionals participants receive an employer-specific work permit to get specialized, professional work experience in their field of study or career choice.

This agreement with Italy creates new opportunities for future work and travel, strengthens people-to-people ties, and improves labour market access for Canadian and Italian youngsters.

About International Experience Canada (IEC) 

Canada has formal youth mobility agreements in place with 36 countries and territories.

International Experience Canada (IEC) facilitates the management of reciprocal bilateral youth mobility arrangements in Canada. These agreements allow Canadians to travel and work in partner countries and territories while allowing international youth to do the same in Canada.

Nearly 200,000 Canadians have participated in the IEC Program since 2008. Many have returned to Canada with life-changing experiences that benefited their personal and professional lives.  

Source: IRCC

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  • New Program Updates For The Canada Caregiver Pilot Programs

    On December 6, 2022, IRCC published updates for the Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot that come under the Canada Caregiver Program. There are a changes to the experience, language and education requirements, and updated job offer assessment and admissibility criteria. 

    Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot will start accepting application as enter the new year 2023. IRCC has a quota of accepting only 2,750 applications under each of the pilot programs.

    Program deliver updates contains policy, procedures and guidance used by IRCC staff. It is posted on the department’s website as a courtesy to stakeholders. Learn about the new program updates below. 

    Updated language requirements

    The candidate must demonstrate that they have achieved a level 5 in the Canadian Language Benchmarks or the Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens in either English or French for each of the four language skill areas:

    • reading
    • writing
    • speaking
    • listening

    Updated application process and who can apply 

    Under the Home Child Care Provider and Home Support Worker pilots, all applications for permanent residency (APR) must be filed at the Case Processing Centre in Edmonton (CPC-E) in Alberta.

    There are two caps for each pilot:

    Intake cap: In each pilot, a maximum of 2,750 applications will be accepted for intake per calendar year. It applies to all applicants, even if their applications are incomplete. 

    Processing cap: Each pilot will process a maximum of 2,750 applications per fiscal year. To be deemed complete and eligible for processing, applications must meet the conditions outlined in section 10 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR) and the application kit.



    About the updated process 

    Category of gaining experience (Category A)

    You must meet the eligibility and admission standards directly if you have less than 24 months of relevant Canadian work experience. These include the following:

    Officers evaluate applications based on the criteria listed above. If the applicant is eligible and admissible, an occupation-restricted open work permit (OROWP) is issued, and the permanent residency application is placed on hold. 

    Dependents who apply for permanent residency with the principal applicant may be entitled to join the principal applicant and may be granted open work permits or study permits. 

    When applying for permanent residence through one of these pilot programs, applicants must submit an application for a work permit for themselves, as well as applications for work or study permits or applications to enter Canada as a visitor or to extend their stay as a visitor for any accompanying dependents.

    The principal applicant must obtain 24 months of valid, full-time Canadian work experience after receiving an OROWP. To remain eligible for the program, this must occur within three years of receiving their OROWP. Applicants must provide documentation of gaining this work experience within three years of receiving their OROWP.

    If the officer believes that the work experience submitted before issuing the OROWP does not match the criteria for valid work experience (e.g., inadequate time or inaccurate NOC) after the issuance of the OROWP, they may decline the application.

    Direct entry into the permanent residence category (Category B)

    A candidate with at least 24 months of qualified Canadian work experience must meet the following requirements:

    The application may be rejected if the officer determines that the provided work experience does not satisfy the requirements for acceptable work experience (e.g., the applicant does not have sufficient work experience or appropriate work experience).

    Updated completeness check upon receipt

    Applications submitted for the Home Child Care Provider and Home Support Worker pilot programs must be checked for completeness following the standards and the application kit specifications in effect at the time of submission.

    If the application satisfies all requirements, the Case Processing Center does the following: 

    • Inputs application information into the Global Case Management System (GCMS)
    • reimburses the processing fee
    • provides the applicant with an acknowledgement of receipt with an E number

    If the application is incomplete, the CPC notifies the applicant and records the incident in GCMS before returning the package and fees to them. In general, there are exceptions. As for assessing applications for completeness, offices can provide assistance when necessary. It is especially true when a document is missing and a documented explanation for its absence is provided.

    Examining the application against the selection criteria

    Based on the information and documentation provided in the application, applicants are evaluated against the pass-and-fail selection criteria listed below. In addition, to get authorized, applicants must meet the following criteria:

    • Education -The candidate must submit proof that they have completed either of the following items:
      • A 1-year post-secondary (or higher) educational credential in Canada or 
      • a foreign educational credential equivalent to the above, as well as an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report issued for immigration reasons by an IRCC-designated organization
    • Official language proficiency – as explained in the first section of this article. 

    In addition, applicants must provide proof of either of the following:

    Updated admissibility requirements 

    Whether or not they are accompanying, the primary candidate and their family members must undergo security, criminal background checks, and medical exams. 

    After the application has met specific eligibility requirements and either of the following, an officer will evaluate these admissibility conditions:

    • Once all requirements, including those pertaining to work experience, have been satisfied and the candidate has demonstrated that they have at least 24 months of verifiable relevant work experience in their original application (Category B – Direct to permanent residence)
    • Before the application is granted an occupation-restricted open work permit (OROWP), if the applicant has less than 24 months of qualifying work experience (Category A – Gaining experience – stage 1)
      • Before granting permanent residence status, the officer checks that the applicant and family members, whether accompanying or not, are still allowed to Canada when the applicant presents documentation of obtaining 24 months of qualifying work experience. This may necessitate extra medical examinations (if they have not expired) and additional police checks.

    Applicants are highly advised to provide police certifications with their application. If the police certificates are not included, the processing office must seek one for the applicant’s current country of residence and one for any country where they have lived for 6 months or more since they were 18. 

    What is Canada Caregiver program?

    Families can hire foreign caregivers to look after children, seniors, or anyone with documented medical needs in their homes. However, with the ongoing labour shortage, Canada has a severe shortage of caregivers. Due to this, the government introduced the pilot caregiver program. 

    Currently, two programs under the Caregiver pilot enable Canadian citizens and permanent residents residing in Canada to employ foreign caregivers to work in their homes, Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot.

    The Home Child Care Provider Pilot focuses on those who work with young children under 18. While the Home Support Worker pilot is for those who assist the elderly, people with disabilities and recovering patients. 


  • British Columbia Sent More Than 188 New Invites Under PNP

    Today, BC PNP Draw (British Columbia PNP) invited more than 188 applicants for permanent residency (PR). 144 invitations went to Tech occupations under Skilled Worker and International Graduate including Express Entry categories.

    Minimum cut off score drops by 5 points to 95 in this Tech draw as compared to last Tech only draw on September 27, 2022. Below is the breakdown of cut off score and number of invites in today’s draw:

    Number of InvitesCategoryMinimum Cut Off ScoreDescription
    144Skilled Worker, International Graduate (includes EEBC option)95Tech draw
    32Skilled Worker, International Graduate (includes EEBC option)60Childcare: Early childhood educators and assistants (NOC 42202)
    12Skilled Worker, International Graduate (includes EEBC option)60Targeted draw: Healthcare
    <5Skilled Worker, International Graduate (includes EEBC option)60NOCs 31103, 32104

    BC PNP Draws finally resumed after a halt of more than 35 days because of new TEER system. Latest BC PNP general Draw was held on November 28, 2022 after a regular weekly BC PNP draw on October 12, 2022.



    BC PNP Tech Occupations

    • 10030 Telecommunication carriers managers
    • 20012 Computer and information systems managers
    • 21100 Physicists and astronomers
    • 21210 Mathematicians, statisticians and actuaries
    • 21211 Data scientists
    • 21220 Cybersecurity specialists
    • 21221 Business systems specialists
    • 21222 Information systems specialists
    • 21223 Database analysts and data administrators
    • 21230 Computer systems developers and programmers
    • 21231 Software engineers and designers
    • 21232 Software developers and programmers
    • 21233 Web designers
    • 21234 Web developers and programmers
    • 21300 Civil engineers
    • 21301 Mechanical engineers
    • 21310 Electrical and electronics engineers
    • 21311 Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)
    • 21320 Chemical engineers
    • 21399 Other professional engineers
    • 22110 Biological technologists and technicians
    • 22220 Computer network and web technicians
    • 22221 User support technicians
    • 22222 Information systems testing technicians
    • 22310 Electrical and electronics engineering technologists and technicians
    • 50011 Managers – publishing, motion pictures, broadcasting and performing arts
    • 22312 Industrial instrument technicians and mechanics
    • 51111 Authors and writers (except technical)
    • 51112 Technical writers
    • 51120 Producers, directors, choreographers and related occupations
    • 52119 Other technical and coordinating occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting and the performing arts
    • 52112 Broadcast technicians
    • 52113 Audio and video recording technicians
    • 52120 Graphic designers and illustrators
    • 53111 Motion pictures, broadcasting, photography and performing arts assistants and operators

    Care economy: Healthcare occupations

    • 30010 Managers in health care
    • 31300 Nursing coordinators and supervisors
    • 31301 Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses
    • 31102 General practitioners and family physicians
    • 31110 Dentists
    • 31201 Chiropractors
    • 31120 Pharmacists
    • 31121 Dietitians and nutritionists
    • 31112 Audiologists and speech-language pathologists
    • 31203 Occupational therapists
    • 32120 Medical laboratory technologists
    • 32103 Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
    • 32121 Medical radiation technologists
    • 32122 Medical sonographers
    • 32123 Cardiology technologists and electrophysiological diagnostic technologists
    • 32110 Denturists
    • 32111 Dental hygienists and dental therapists
    • 32101 Licensed practical nurses
    • 32102 Paramedical occupations
    • 41300 Social workers
    • 42201 Social and community service workers
    • 31100 Specialists in clinical and laboratory medicine
    • 31101 Specialists in surgery
    • 31302 Nurse practitioners
    • 31303 Physician assistants, midwives and allied health professionals
    • 32103 Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
    • 31209 Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating
    • 31202 Physiotherapists
    • 31204 Kinesiologists and other professional occupations in therapy and assessment
    • 32120 Medical laboratory technologists
    • 32129 Other medical technologists and technicians
    • 32112 Dental technologists and technicians
    • 32200 Traditional Chinese medicine practitioners and acupuncturists
    • 32109 Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment
    • 33100 Dental assistants and dental laboratory assistants
    • 31200 Psychologists
    • 41301 Therapists in counselling and related specialized therapies
    • 33102 Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates (only health care assistants / health care aides are eligible under NOC 33102).
    BRITISH COLUMBIA PNP INCOME REQUIREMENT
    British Columbia PNP BC PNP draw
    How To Apply:

    If you are eligible in one of the above mentioned PNP, then you can create an online profile here. Once you create an online profile, you are eligible to be invited in one of the BC PNP draws. If your score is higher than the cut off. Additionally, click here to get more information on BC PNP.

    Processing Time:

    Estimated processing time for 80% of the applications is 3 months. Furthermore, this processing times are from the date your complete application is submitted after nomination. However, you may need to submit post-nomination request, if any of the following applies to you:

    • There is change in your employment status after receiving an invitation in the draw.
    • Your work permit will expire within 180 days receiving the nomination.
    • Also, if your family structure changes.

  • Here Are Latest IRCC Processing Times As Of December 6!

    IRCC updated their online processing tool, to offer accurate information on average processing times in the beginning of 2022. Immigration Minister Sean Fraser announced this update on March 31, 2022, to improve Canadian immigration system. This article enlists the latest processing times from the IRCC as of December 6, 2022.

    The immigration backlog in Canada has decreased from 1.49 million on September 30, 2022 to 1.2 million as of October 31, 2022. IRCC updated this data on November 16, 2022. Furthermore, 1.04 million applications were still being processed within IRCC service standards. So, in total, IRCC had approximately 2.2 million applications under processing as of October 31.

    What Updates Does the Processing Time Include 

    The processing period begins when the application is received by IRCC and concludes when the immigration officer makes a decision on the application. IRCC bases processing time on the time they take to process prior similar applications. Furthermore, the processing time may differ depending on whether the application was filed on paper or online.

    These processing times are designed to offer new weekly timelines from the last 6 months’ data. Furthermore, it correlates the application volume with operational issues to assist future immigrants in better planning their journey.

    Processing Times for Citizenship & PR cards

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Citizenship grant24 monthsNo Change
    Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship)16 monthsNo Change
    Resumption of citizenship34 monthsNo Change
    Renunciation of Citizenship16 months– 1 month
    Search of citizenship records16 months+ 1 month
    New PR card92 days+ 1 Day
    PR card renewals87 days– 2 Days

    Processing Time for Family Sponsorship

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Spouse or common-law partner living outside Canada18 months– 2 months
    Spouse or common-law partner living inside Canada14 monthsNo Change
    Parents or Grandparents PR38 months+ 1 month

    Processing time for Canadian Passport 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted in person at Service Canada Centre – Passport services)10 business daysNo Change
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted by mail to Service Canada Centre)20 business daysNo Change
    In-Canda Urgent pick-upBy the end of next business dayNo Change
    In-Canada Express pick-up2-9 business daysNo Change
    Regular passport application mailed from outside Canada20 business daysNo Change

    Processing time for Economic Class

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Canadian Experience Class (CEC) 20 months+ 1 month
    Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) 29 months+ 2 months
    Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)62 months+ 12 months
    Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) via Express Entry13 months– 1 month
    Non-Express Entry PNP22 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Skilled Worker21 months– 1 month
    Quebec Business Class65 monthsNo Change
    Federal Self-Employed42 monthsNo Change
    Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)12 months– 2 months
    Start-Up Visa32 months+ 1 month


    Processing Time for Temporary Residence Application 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Visitor visa outside CanadaVaries by country
    India: 160 days
    Nigeria: 179 Days
    United States: 49 Days
    Pakistan: 257 Days
    Philippines: 115 Days
    UAE: 217 Days
    Bangladesh: 215 Days
    Sri Lanka: 212 Days
    United Kingdom: 133 Days
    + 2 Days for India
    – 5 Days for Nigeria
    – 7 Days for United States
    + 30 Days for Pakistan
    – 3 Days for Philippines

    + 19 Days for UAE
    + 66 Days for Bangladesh
    – 3 Days for Sri Lanka
    – 2 Days for UK
    Visitor visa inside CanadaOnline: 24 22 days
    Paper-Based: 46 45 days
    + 2 Days for online
    + 1 Day for paper-based
    Parents or Grandparents SupervisaVaries by country
    India: 163 Days
    Nigeria: 236 Days
    United States: 462 Days
    Pakistan: 240 Days
    Philippines: 181 Days
    UAE: 179 Days
    Bangladesh: 172 Days
    Sri Lanka: 277 Days
    United Kingdom: 179 Days
    – 8 Days for India
    – 4 Days for Nigeria
    – 137 Days for United States
    – 2 Days for Pakistan
    + 1 Days for Philippines
    – 6 Days for UAE
    + 7 Days for Bangladesh
    + 7 Days for Sri Lanka
    – 6 Days for UK
    Visitor Extension (Visitor Record)Online: 198 days
    Paper-Based: 163 days
    – 6 Days (Online)
    – 2 Days (Paper-Based)
    Study Permit Outside Canada9 Weeks– 2 Weeks
    Study Permit Inside Canada3 Weeks– 1 Week
    Study Permit ExtensionOnline: 75 Days
    Paper-Based: 104 Days
    + 5 Day (Online)
    + 3 Days (Paper-Based)
    Work Permit Outside Canada*Varies by country
    India: 8 Weeks
    Nigeria: 27 Weeks
    United States: 18 Weeks
    Pakistan: 56 Weeks
    Philippines: 11 Weeks
    UAE: 32 Weeks
    Bangladesh: 38 Weeks
    Sri Lanka: 35 Weeks
    United Kingdom: 9 Weeks
    – 5 Weeks for India
    – 4 Weeks for Nigeria
    + 4 Weeks for United States
    + 9 Weeks for Pakistan
    No Change for Philippines
    + 5 Weeks for UAE
    No Change for Bangladesh
    No Change for Sri Lanka

    – 1 Week for UK
    Work Permit Inside CanadaOnline: 168 Days
    Paper-Based: 81 Days
    + 2 Days (Online)
    – 3 for paper-based
    International Experience Canada (Current Season)**5 WeeksNo Change
    Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)5 minutesNo Change
    *Applications for critical occupations are being prioritized. If you are not applying for a job in a critical occupation, your processing time may be longer than shown above.
    Source: IRCC

  • City Of Toronto Jobs Hiring Now For 10 Winter Positions

    The City of Toronto administers 42 indoor arenas and 53 outdoor artificial ice rinks. With winter approaching, they are hiring for several Ski, Skate, and Snowboard jobs. 10 part-time positions are available that pay between $15.50 and $21.19. 

    Toronto offers a range of Leisure and Instructional Skating programs, including Instructional Skate, Leisure Skate, Hockey, Figure Skate, Sledge Hockey, and Shinny Hockey at indoor and outdoor rinks. In addition, Scarborough has two rinks that are open all year.

    The Earl Bales Ski and Snowboard Centre, located in the City of Toronto, provides outstanding ski hills and a range of programs for both beginner and experienced skiers and snowboarders.

    Learn about the offered positions, along with application deadlines and responsibilities for each below. 

    Skate Programs Head Instructor-Toronto/East York District 

    Hourly rate: $21.19
    Closing date: December 14, 2022

    Some of the responsibilities include the following:

    • Provide coordination, direction, and instruction for skating programs.
    • Helps with hiring, training, and managing instructors, assistants, and volunteers.
    • Supervises testing methods and teaches classes as necessary.
    • Provides program information through interactions with staff, participants, observers, and community members
    • Obeys all safety and policy requirements as specified in policy and procedure manuals.
    • Carries out office work to support the program.
    • Takes action to address occurrences, accidents, issues, and emergencies.
    • Takes part in planning and directing extraordinary events.
    • Attends meetings and training sessions and participates.
    • Ensures staff members design and conduct programs per the Healthy Child Development (HIGH FIVE®) standards.

    To apply, click here.



    Skate Gatekeeper in Toronto/ East York District 

    Hourly rate: $15.50 
    Closing date: December 14, 2022

    Some of the responsibilities include the following:

    • Assists with overall program facility support and control.
    • Assists with facility operations, such as monitoring and maintenance.
    • Enforces safety standards.
    • Performs administrative tasks to support facility operations.
    • Communicates with and assists facility maintenance personnel.
    • Assists the on-site emergency response team.
    • Attends meetings and training sessions and participates in them.
    • Responds to crises and emergencies following Divisional/City Policies and Procedures

    To apply, click here.

    Skate Program Assistant Instructor-Toronto/East York District 

    Hourly rate: $15.50 
    Closing date: December 14, 2022

    The duties of an assistant instructor include the following: 

    • Assists the instructor with lesson delivery.
    • Helps with classroom preparation
    • Ensures participant safety both on and off the rink
    • Aids in the evaluation of skaters 
    • Supports the program by performing administrative responsibilities 
    • Attends meetings and training sessions and participates in them.

    To apply, click here.

    Leisure Skate Coordinator – Toronto/East York District

    Hourly rate: $19.14 
    Closing date: December 14, 2022

    The duties of a leisure skate coordinator include the following: 

    • Execute coordination, administration, implementation, and direction of the Leisure Skate Programs
    • Direct staff and assist in the recruitment, selection, training, orientation, and supervision of part-time employees.
    • Help plan, coordinate, implement and evaluate special events 
    • Conduct program and site visits
    • Ensures that program staffing levels are maintained.
    • Ensure all policies and safety recommendations described in Policy and Procedure Manuals are followed.
    • Ensures that the program’s site, equipment, and supplies comply with health and safety regulations.
    • Respond to accidents, issues, and emergencies per Divisional rules and procedures.
    • Interacts with participants and staff
    • Attends meetings and training sessions and participates in them.
    • As needed, travels from site to site.

    To apply, click here.

    Leisure Skate Location In-Charge – Toronto/East York District

    Hourly rate: $17.21 
    Closing date: December 14, 2022

    Some of the responsibilities include the following:

    • Directs, coordinates, and administers the Leisure Skate Program location.
    • Assists with the orientation and direction of part-time employees.
    • Controls the Rink Guards
    • Ensure all policies and safety recommendations described in Policy and Procedure Manuals are followed
    • Access to the program and facility is monitored and controlled.
    • Ensures that the program’s site, equipment, and supplies comply with health and safety regulations.
    • Responds to occurrences, accidents, issues, and emergencies per divisional policies and procedures
    • Interacts with participants and staff
    • Organize, plan, coordinate, implement and evaluate special events 
    • Ensure recreational skating activities are monitored and regulated.
    • Attends meetings and training sessions and participates in them.
    • Ensures that staff adheres to the principles of Healthy Child Development (HIGH FIVE®) in program planning and implementation.

    To apply, click here.

    Skate Programs Instructor – Toronto/East York District

    Hourly rate: $17.80
    Closing date: December 14, 2022

    • Teaches skating lessons
    • Ensures that the program’s site, equipment, and supplies comply with health and safety regulations
    • Participants’ safety is ensured
    • Supports the program by performing administrative responsibilities.
    • Assists with special event planning and coordination
    • Responds to accidents, issues, and emergencies following divisional policies and procedures
    • Interacts with participants and staff
    • Attends meetings and training sessions and participates in them.
    • During program planning and implementation, adheres to the Healthy Child Development (HIGH FIVE®) principles

    To apply, click here.

    Rink Guard – Toronto/East York District

    Hourly rate: $15.50 
    Closing date: December 14, 2022

    • Regulates and keeps an eye on recreational skating.
    • Ensures a secure environment for skating
    • Regulates, directs, and monitors access to the facility or program.
    • As defined in the divisional rules and procedures, takes action to address occurrences, accidents, issues, and emergencies.
    • Interacts with the participants and the staff
    • Takes part in the creation and execution of extraordinary events
    • Attends meetings and training sessions and participates
    • Carries out program planning and delivery following the High Five® principles for healthy child development

    To apply, click here.

    Facility Attendant – Scarborough District

    Hourly rate: $15.50 
    Closing date: December 14, 2022

    • Helps facility/recreation staff maintain a safe recreational environment for people with permits, participants, and the general public.
    • Opens and closes the building, turning on and off the security systems.
    • Provides facilities information and responds to questions from renters, users, and staff of the institution.
    • Ensures adherence to divisional policies by the general public
    • Carries out routine cleaning tasks
    • Makes sure everything is set up for participants and permit holders and keeps an eye on usage.
    • Carries out office work to support the program.
    • Participates in the emergency response team that is in place.
    • Completes the shift report in the facility logbook, ensuring that the important details are noted and communicated to colleagues.
    • During the yearly maintenance break, aids the facility maintenance crew.
    • Per the Ontario Health and Safety Act, follows all safety regulations.

    To apply, click here.

    Skate Program Instructor – North York District

    Hourly rate: $17.80 
    Closing date: January 15, 2023

    • Teaches skateboarding
    • Makes sure that the program’s setting, tools, and supplies adhere to health and safety regulations.
    • Makes ensuring that participants are safe.
    • Carries out office work to support the program.
    • Helps with the organization and planning of special events
    • As defined in the divisional rules and procedures, takes action to address occurrences, accidents, issues, and emergencies.
    • Interacts with the participants and the staff
    • Attends meetings and training sessions and participates.
    • Carries out program planning and delivery following the High Five® principles for healthy child development

    To apply, click here.

    Rink Guard – North York District

    Hourly rate: $15.50 
    Closing date: January 15, 2023

    • Regulates and maintains a close eye on recreational skating
    • Ensures a secure environment for skating
    • Regulates, directs, and monitors access to the facility or program
    • As defined in the divisional rules and procedures, takes action to address occurrences, accidents, issues, and emergencies
    • Interacts with the participants and the staff
    • Takes part in the creation and execution of extraordinary events
    • Attends meetings and training sessions and participates.
    • Carries out program planning and delivery following the High Five® principles for healthy child development

    To apply, click here.


  • Extending Canada Work Permit – Here Is All You Need To Know

    You can extend your Canada work permit or amend its conditions if your work permit is about to expire. However, you must apply to extend your work permit at least 30 days before your current work permit expires. Getting a work permit extension also depends on the type of work permit you want to extend.

    Moreover, if you apply to extend or change the conditions of your work permit before it expires, you can legally stay in Canada while your application is processing. In this article, you can learn about who can apply to extend or change conditions on their work permits and how to apply. 

    Who can apply to extend or change conditions on their work permits?

    If the following applies to you, then you can apply to extend your work permit:

    • You want to extend your work permit. 
    • Require to make changes to the conditions on your work permit like:
      • Change in the type of work you do 
      • Changes in the employer you can work for 
      • Change where you can work.
        • This includes limitations imposed because you required a medical examination. For example, you may have received an open work permit with restrictions on working in health care because you did not pass a medical exam.
    • Need to update your gender on your work permit
      • Use this application and attach the Request for a Change of Sex or Gender Identifier form [IRM 0002] if you identify as a different gender from the one shown on your work permit.
      • You could request an amendment to a current temporary resident document if IRCC made a mistake on your work permit.


    Extending Employer-specific work permits

    Employer-specific work permits allow you to work for a particular employer under certain conditions. You must apply to extend or amend the terms of your work permit if:

    • Your job position has been extended. 
    • There are changes in your current job, such as:
      • Your pay rate has changed.
      • new or updated responsibilities
    • You got another job offer.
    • Want to work for a new employer 

    Remember that you cannot start working at a different job or for a new employer until you receive your work permit with the new conditions. 

    Extending open work permits

    If you currently have an open work permit, you might be able to extend it if you’re still qualified to work in Canada. Remember that an open work permit allows you to work under any employer anywhere in Canada. You are not restricted to work under a specific employer or any particular conditions on an open work permit.

    Next, learn how to apply to extend your work permit. 

    How to apply to extend your work permit?

    You often submit an online application to extend or modify your work permit’s requirements. Applying online helps ensure that you submit a complete application. You will also receive a letter proving that you can continue working under the same conditions as your current work permit. 

    Moreover, you will save on mailing and courier fees and receive application status updates directly in your account. Below are the steps to apply online. 

    Step 1: Prepare everything you need 

    Ensure that you have digital copies of all your documents and access to a camera or a scanner if needed. You will also need a valid international debit or credit card to pay the application fee of $155, depending on the application type. 

    Step 2: Refer to the IRCC instruction guide

    Depending on the type of work permit you plan to extend, you can refer to the IRCC’s complete instruction guide before completing your application. It details how to complete each field on the form.  

    Step 3: Answer questions to the IRCC’s online tool 

    You must respond to a few questions before you can upload your forms. IRCC will provide you with a personalized document checklist based on your responses. 

    Step 4: Prepare to pay the fees

    You would have to pay the processing fees for yourself plus anyone included in your application. IRCC will ask you to pay your fees towards the end of your application. 

    • Work permit fee: $155 
    • Open work permit holder fee: $100 

    If you are applying for an open work permit, ensure that you pay both the work permit and the open work permit holder fee. 

    Step 5: Sign in or create your new online account. 

    To apply online, you must have an account. With an online account, you can pay your fees, submit your application and check your application status.

    Source: IRCC


  • New Announcement By IRCC Minister For Foreign Credential Recognition

    Today, IRCC Minister Sean Fraser launched a request for proposals under the Foreign Credential Recognition Program on behalf of Carla Qualtrough, Minister of Employment, Workforce Development, and Disability Inclusion.

    Canadian government is now realizing that half of all newcomers to Canada have a bachelor’s degree or above. Despite their educational achievements, skilled newcomers in all sectors confront higher unemployment than Canadian-born citizens and are less likely to work in the regulated vocations for which they have trained.

    Numerous occupations, including physicians, nurses, paramedics, respiratory therapists, and medical laboratory technicians, are experiencing severe shortages. According to a Statistics Canada analysis, talented entrants are underutilized in the health sector, with 47% of skilled newcomers with a health education from overseas jobless or underemployed in non-health professions requiring only a high school diploma.

    As per today’s announcement up to $90 million will be spent in projects that will assist remove obstacles that prohibit qualified and talented immigrants from getting Canadian work experience in their field of study or profession.



    According to the press release, projects must focus on at least one of the following areas to be eligible:

    • Reducing obstacles to foreign credential recognition for internationally educated health professionals (IEHPs) through enhancing recognition processes, streamlining credential recognition stages, and expanding access to field practise.
    • Providing IEHPs with appropriate Canadian work experience for their preferred fields of employment, while also providing wrap-around services for participants such as childcare and transportation costs, as well as mentoring and coaching.
    • Facilitating labour mobility between Canadian jurisdictions for health care professionals and IEHPs is order to minimize structural and administrative barriers for health care professionals who seek to work in another Canadian jurisdiction.

    Successful projects must involve at least one of the following acceptable activities, according to the call for proposals:

    • Development, testing, and implementation of credential recognition systems with an emphasis on reducing regulatory processes and/or harmonisation of occupational standards in order to increase international credential recognition and/or interprovincial labour mobility.
    • Wage subsidies, job placements, and mentorship are provided to IEHPs to assist them in integrating into the Canadian labour market.
    • Organizations can apply for financing through this request for ideas until January 30, 2023.
    • Successful projects will be awarded a minimum of $500,000 and a maximum of $10 million.

    Provincial, territorial, and local governments, regulatory agencies, professional associations, industrial associations, unions, post-secondary universities, hospitals and healthcare facilities, and not-for-profit organizations will be eligible receivers.

    Source: ESDC


  • Know 10 Myths About The Express Entry System & Their Answers

    One of the most popular programs is the Express Entry system, the primary source of economic immigration to Canada. However, several widespread myths mislead many who intend to use Express Entry

    To help you with your journey, below are 10 common myths about the Express Entry system. 

    Myth 1: You can immigrate to Canada by submitting an Express Entry profile

    Creating an Express Entry profile does not mean you will undoubtedly receive an invitation to apply and be allowed to apply for Canadian permanent residence. 

    Express Entry profiles are valid for 12 months. After that, you can renew your Express Entry profile, but if your Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score is too low, you might never get an invitation to apply until you increase your CRS score.

    Additionally, candidates in Express Entry are chosen based on their CRS score, not randomly. Therefore, if you are a potential candidate, you can review the prior draw results to determine whether or not your score will be competitive.



    Myth 2: Express Entry uses a lottery system

    There is no lottery component in Express Entry. Invitation rounds, or drawings as they are usually known, are not random. Express Entry draws are announced bi-weekly and conditions are specified along with minimum CRS cut off score.

    Only those with the CRS scores above the cut off gets an invitation to apply. Furthermore, invite is only sent to the eligible candidates based on conditions mentioned in that particular draw.  

    Myth 3: Any person can submit an Express Entry profile

    The most frequent misbelief regarding Express Entry is that anyone can submit a profile. However, it is untrue; only qualified individuals who meet the requirements of one of the following Express Entry programs can submit their profile:

    Completing an approved language exam and receiving an evaluation of your educational credentials do not guarantee that you meet the requirements of any of the three programs.

    Myth 4: Provincial nomination is needed for everyone who submits an Express Entry profile

    It is not necessary to submit an Express Entry profile to be nominated by a province. Candidates who receive a provincial nomination will see their CRS score increase by 600 points, but those who already have a high enough CRS score do not need a provincial nomination. 

    In addition, provincial nominations are more expensive and may take longer to process because of provincial government expenses. Additionally, those who accept a provincial nomination must show that they intend to reside and work in the province that has given them the nomination.

    Myth 5: To submit an Express Entry profile, you must have a job offer

    Not all applicants must have a job offer to qualify for Express Entry. For example, depending on the immigration category you qualify for, a job offer from a Canadian business may not be necessary. 

    For example, the minimum FSW points requirement for Federal Skilled Workers may require a legitimate employment offer for some individuals, but many applicants satisfy this requirement even without one. 

    Federal Skilled Trades, candidates may need a legitimate job offer to complete the minimum program requirements. However, no job offer is necessary if they possess a certificate from a Canadian province or territory stating that they are qualified to perform their trade.

    Depending on the position’s NOC skill level, candidates with a legitimate job offer will increase their CRS score by 50 or 200 points. Lastly, having a job offer does not always increase your chances of being invited to apply for permanent residence, but it does help.

    Myth 6: Anyone who wants to increase their CRS score can submit a provincial nomination

    Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) are available in all Canadian provinces (except for Quebec) and two of its territories; although, not everyone is qualified to apply. In addition, most PNP streams require candidates to have a valid job offer. 

    For some PNP streams, the provinces consider additional requirements in addition to a job offer, such as the applicant’s primary National Occupational Classification (NOC) code, Comprehensive Ranking System score, and any ties they may have to the particular province or territory.

    Myth 7: Couples must only add one person to their Express Entry profile

    Suppose an applicant is married or living with them in a common-law relationship. In that case, their spouse or partner may create an Express Entry profile if they match the qualifications for the Canadian Experience Class, Federal Skilled Worker Program, or Federal Skilled Trades Program. Because they have a higher CRS score, couples frequently select one person as the primary applicant. 

    Conversely, the individual with the lower CRS score may be eligible for different PNPs, increasing the couple’s chances of receiving a provincial nomination. Nevertheless, it may be advantageous for couples to create profiles for both partners if they are both eligible.

    Myth 8: Language scores do not matter 

    All applicants who create an Express Entry profile must pass an approved French or English language test. It doesn’t matter if you studied French or English in college or if you’re from a country where either language is the national language. 

    Many candidates think their scores will be as high as possible if they take the official test and score at least the minimum level needed for their immigration program. That’s incorrect. 

    Candidates who attain Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level 9 will have better scores than those who meet the minimum requirements. Those who earn CLB level 10 or higher will be eligible for even more points.

    Myth 9: Express Entry limits where a person can live in Canada

    The Federal Skilled Worker Program, Federal Skilled Trades Program, or the Canadian Experience Class are just a few immigration programs that accept applicants through the Express Entry system. 

    Candidates may also be eligible for a provincial nomination once they have entered the Express Entry system. You can relocate anywhere in Canada if you receive an invitation to apply via Express Entry, except for Quebec. Express Entry should not be used by those seeking immigration to Quebec.

    A candidate must intend to reside and work in the province that has provided them with the provincial nomination if they get an invitation to apply as that province’s nominee. However, a person can live and work anywhere in Canada if granted permanent residence status.

    Myth 10: Family members cannot submit an Express Entry profile

    The candidate must specify their spouse or partner, if applicable, and whether they will travel with them while creating an Express Entry profile. After they get an Invitation to Apply, they will be required to mention their spouse or partner and any dependents. 

    It includes stepchildren, adopted children, and children through a previous relationship. As long as they are not determined to be inadmissible to Canada, all spouses, partners, and dependant children can apply for permanent residence status with the applicant.


  • Canada Government Digital Jobs Hiring Now For Various Locations

    As the Government of Canada is moving towards digitalization, they are hiring at various locations for digital career jobs. So enjoy a fulfilling digital career with the Canadian Public Service.

    You can enhance your career in the digital world with jobs and opportunities in various specialties around Canada. Through onboarding, on-the-job training, coaching, mentorship, interdepartmental placements, and a variety of other possibilities, you’ll have access to ongoing education.

    Salary: $60,696 to $126,390

    Closing date: 14 December 2022 – 23:59, Pacific Time

    Who can apply for the positions? 

    Anyone in Canada is welcome to apply, including overseas Canadian citizens and Permanent residents. 



    Application process and positions 

    When you submit your application for the selection process, you are not applying for a specific position but rather to a list of potential openings. Candidates that meet the requirements may be contacted as opportunities open up for further evaluation.

    Possible positions 

    There may be openings in the following fields: 

    • Adaptive Computer Technology, 
    • Enterprise Resource Planning,
    •  Cloud-based solutions, 
    • High-Performance 
    • Computing, Information Technology Service Management, 
    • Mainframe hardware and software, Networks, Data Center facilities management,
    • Server hardware and software, 
    • Web page design or software development, 
    • Telecommunications,
    •  Desktop infrastructures, and 
    • Software or infrastructure testing.

    About the hiring process 

    The Public Service Commission will administer the inventory of applicants, which various federal government agencies, in partnership with the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat and the Office of the Chief Information Officer of Canada, will use. 

    Candidates at all levels of experience, from recent graduates to seasoned professionals with years of work experience, who meet the educational requirements or have equivalent experience are eligible to participate and apply for the positions. 

    Essential Requirements 

    Candidates need to meet the following requirements to be considered for the position:

    • Successful completion of a 2-year degree at an accredited post-secondary school with a focus on computer science, information technology, information management, or a similar field relevant to the position to be filled;
    • On-the-job training or other unconventional training is equivalent to receiving a degree from a two-year post-secondary institution.

    The minimum education requirement mentioned above may be replaced by a combination of education, training, and experience in a related subject.

    How to apply? 

    All you need is your résumé to apply. In the application process, you must either create an account or use your GC jobs login to sign into your account.

    To apply, and get more information about the position, click here


  • Canada Unemployment Rate Drops To 5.1% – StatCan New Data

    December 2 – New Statistics Canada data shows that the unemployment rate decreased by 0.1 percentage points to 5.1% in November, and employment rate barely changed (+10,000).

    Province wise unemployment rates

    ProvincesUnemployment rateMonthly changes (in pts)
    Ontario5.5%-0.4
    Alberta5.8%0.6
    British Columbia4.4%0.2
    Quebec3.8%-0.3
    Manitoba4.4% -0.2
    Saskatchewan4.2%-0.4
    New Brunswick7.3%0.6
    Nova Scotia6.0%-0.7
    Prince Edward Island6.8%1.4
    Newfoundland and Labrador10.7%0.4
    Source: Statistics Canada

    Statistics Canada’s new report discusses the changes in employment activities in November 2022. Below, you can find the summary of these changes. 

    Summary of changes in employment rates 

    In terms of industries, finance, insurance, real estate, renting and leasing, manufacturing, information, culture, and recreation all saw increases in employment. But, concurrently, it declined in other areas, including construction, wholesale and retail trade.

    However, nearly one in ten (11.2%) workers worked in the retail trade business in November 2022. The Employee hourly wage growth stayed above 5% for the sixth consecutive month in November, increasing 5.6% (+$1.71 to $32.11) over November 2021.

    Following a 0.7% increase in October, total hours worked were little changed in November. However, total hours worked increased by 1.8% over the previous year.

    Additionally, employment increased in women between the ages of 25 and 54. However, it decreased for young men between the ages of 15 and 24. There was little change among the other major demographic groups. 

    Nevertheless, in November, the employment rate for women in the core working age range surpassed its previous high by 81.6%.

    While comparing provinces, employment in Quebec increased but fell in five other provinces, including Alberta and British Columbia.

    Over the last year, one-third (33.5%) of Canadian workers aged 25 to 54 participated in training outside the formal school system, such as courses, seminars, conferences, or individual lessons. 


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    Industries experiencing a significant change in employment

    In November, the number of people working in finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing increased by 21,000 (+1.6%), with the growth extending throughout the provinces. From February to October, there was no net employment growth; this increased the industry’s gains year over year to 34,000 (+2.5%).

    In addition, manufacturing employment increased (+19,000; +1.1%) in November, adding to the 24,000 (+1.4%) growth in October. The industry’s employment did not change significantly from year to year. Provinces such as Quebec (+10,000; +2.1%) and Alberta (+5,900; +4.7%) saw the largest share of the monthly rise.

    Employment increased by 16,000 (+1.9% in November) in the information, cultural, and recreation sector. Since public health restrictions were lifted in February 2022 due to the pandemic’s fifth wave, this was the first growth in the industry. As a result, employment in the sector increased by 35,000 (+4.5%) compared to a year ago.

    In other industries, such as construction, employment declined by 25,000 (-1.6%) in November, offsetting the rise recorded in October. Most losses occurred in Alberta (-13,000; -5.5%) and British Columbia (-9,200; -3.8%). 

    However, construction employment increased by 84,000 (+5.9%) year on year, owing completely to gains from December 2021 to March 2022. 

    According to the most recent Statistics Canada data, investment in new construction fell 0.6% in September, owing primarily to a drop in the residential sector.

    Moreover, for the fourth time in six months, employment in the wholesale and retail sectors decreased by 23,000 (-0.8%) in November. Employment in this sector fell by 131,000 (-4.4%) overall since May 2022, when it peaked, with most of the losses occurring in Ontario (-62,000; -5.4%) and Alberta (-32,000; -8.1%). The only sector with a net decrease in employment throughout this time was wholesale and retail trade.

    Additionally, for the first time since October 2021, fewer people were employed in professional, scientific, and technical services in November, falling by 15,000 (-0.8%). However, despite this decline, the sector was responsible for more than half (+282,000) of the net job increases (+523,000) seen since February 2020. 

    The ability of employers and employees to work remotely during the pandemic has contributed to sustained growth. For example, 64.3% of industry employees typically worked from home, either entirely or in part, as of November 2022.

    Other changes in November 2022 

    Employment increased by 10,000 (+0.1%) in November, followed by 108,000 (+0.6%) in October. The overall total employment remained stable due to balancing shifts in several industries.

    Similarly, increases in employment in Quebec (+28,000; +0.6%) were countered by decreases in five other provinces, including Alberta and British Columbia.

    Employment among those aged 25 to 54 increased by 38,000 (+0.3%) in November, marking the third consecutive monthly gain. Most of the November rise was due to core-aged women (+25,000; +0.4%).

    Additionally, in November, total employment among youth aged 15 to 24 changed slightly monthly and year-over-year. However, young men and women trends have differed during the last 12 months. 

    For example, employment among young males declined by 23,000 (-1.7%) monthly in November, while the employment rate barely changed ((56.4%). 

    In addition, full-time workers increased by 51,000 (+0.3%) in November. Since November 2021, when full-time employment first exceeded its pre-COVID-19 pandemic level, full-time employment has risen by 460,000 (+2.9%), with growth concentrated among core-aged males (+212,000; +3.5%) and women (+169,000; +3.4%). 

    Moreover, full-time employment increased by 49,000 (+6.8%) among young men aged 15 to 24. In the year to November, the share of full-time workers increased by 0.8 percentage points to 81.9%.

    The number of employees in the public and private sectors remained stable in November. However, employees in the public and private sectors increased at a comparable rate during the last year. 

    Similarly, the number of self-employed people remained stable in November. As a result, self-employment increased slightly from October 2021 to May 2022, but there has been minimal net growth in recent months.


  • IRCC Announces New Temporary Work Permit Policy For 2 Years

    Today Sean Fraser, the Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship (IRCC), and Randy Boissonnault, Minister of Tourism and Associate Minister of Finance, announced a new measure to help solve the labour shortage that will come in effect beginning January 2023. 

    Moving Forward in January 2023, Canada will extend work permit eligibility for spouses, common-law partners, and working-age dependents of temporary workers in all skill levels.

    According to Fraser, this announcement will help employers find the workers to fill their labour gaps by extending family work permits. As a result, over 200,000 foreign workers will be able to work in Canada. 

    What’s New?

    Previously, the spouses were only eligible for a work permit if the primary applicant was working in a high-skill occupation, for example, a job coming under TEER 0, 1, 2, or 3. However, today’s new announcement will help the working class emotionally, physically and financially by keeping their families together.

    Now work permit holders working in any skill levels (TEER 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5) can apply for spousal open work permit for their spouses. Furthermore, they can also apply for an open work

    Children qualify as dependants if they:

    • are under 22 years old, and
    • don’t have a spouse or common-law partner.

    Children 22 years old or older (also known as an overage dependent children) qualify as dependants if they:

    • have depended on their parents for financial support since before they were 22, and
    • can’t financially support themselves because of a mental or physical condition.

    The New 2-year Temporary measure has 3 phases

    Moving Forward in January 2023, Canada will expand eligibility to work in Canada for spouses and working-age children. It is a phased approach for workers at all skill levels. The Policy would include workers’ families in healthcare, trades and hospitality. It is an incredible opportunity for foreign workers seeking to work in Canada and employers addressing their labour needs.

    The 3 phases 

    • 1. Phase 1 enables family members of workers coming to Canada by applying for an open work permit through the high-wage stream of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program or the International Mobility Program. 
    • 2. Phase 2 aims to expand the measure to the family members of workers from the low-wage stream of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program following consultations.
    • 3. Phase 3 will include consultation with agricultural partners and stakeholders to assess the operational feasibility of expanding the measure to family members of agricultural workers.

    The government of Canada is not holding back from addressing the Nationwide labour shortage. According to IRCC, Immigration will play a crucial role in helping the economy for this cause. And the government will be implementing new measures to support employers with their staffing needs across all skill levels.

    Source: IRCC


  • OSAP (Ontario Student Assistance Program)-All You Need To Know

    OSAP (Ontario Student Assistance Program): Pursuing a post-secondary education in Ontario can turn out to be quite expensive. It is not just the tuition that you have to pay. There are many other costs that you will have to incur. A few of these are – books, laptops, rent, and so on.

    New landed immigrants in Canada may want to switch their career for better job prospects. To help people who want to study, but are hesitant due to the high costs, the Ontario government has set in place the OSAP – Ontario Student Assistance Program.

    OSAP is a needs-based financial assistance funded by the federal and provincial governments to assist students and families with the cost of post-secondary studies. The funding is offered in two forms – 

    • Grants – this is money you don’t have to pay back
    • Loans – this is money you do have to repay

    Once you apply for OSAP, you’re automatically considered for grants and loans. However, if you do not wish to take a loan, you can decline it once the application is approved. So, if you live in Ontario and wish to study further, you are in the right place. This article lists everything you need to know about this program.

    Who is eligible?

    Listed below are the eligibility criteria for OSAP

    Immigration status – To get funding from the OSAP, you need to be either a Canadian citizen, permanent resident, or a convention refugee/protected person. If you are an international student you are not eligible for OSAP. However, you might get some financial assistance from your school or university. 

    Residency-  You should be a resident of Ontario to get OSAP. so, you should meet all requirements to be considered as a resident of Ontario. Also, you might be eligible if your spouse or parent(s) meet the requirements. 

    Income requirements –  OSAP funds your education only if you don’t have the money to cover your expenses. The government takes into consideration the income that was reported to Canada Revenue Agency when you filed your taxes. Based on that the government decides whether you will be granted OSAP or not. 

    How much money will I get?

    To know how much money you can get, use this calculator. There is no fixed financial assistance that you will receive. The amount depends on a variety of factors. Moreover, students with disabilities or indigenous students may receive additional student aid. 


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    How to apply for OSAP?

    Once you’ve confirmed that you are eligible for OSAP, you need to follow these steps to apply- 

    Register online

    You will need to create an account online. You’ll need your Social Insurance Number (SIN) to create your OSAP account. Note down your OSAP Access Number and password. You will have to use these to login into your account.

    Apply

    The next step is to apply for OSAP. You will need to state filling out the necessary information. Also, you can always come back to it if you need additional time. To apply you will need information about your school and program. Also, you need to have your parent’s or spouse’s SIN as well as their tax information.

    Lastly, you will also need your tax information. All tax information can be found in an income tax return. You can also choose to print the application forms and submit a paper application. However, you must pay an application fee in this case. The online application is free.

    Submit your application

    Make sure to check the website for important deadlines. Submit the application by the deadline. For example, if you are a full-time student with study periods of 21 weeks or more, you should submit your OSAP application no later than 60 days before the end of your study period.

    Receive an estimate

    After you have submitted your application, you will get an estimate of how much OSAP funding you may be eligible for. 

    Signature

    You will then need to complete your signature and declaration forms. Upload them to your OSAP application. Some students might need to submit additional documents. Make sure to submit all the requested documents before the deadline. 

    Updates

    All updates about your application will be posted online on your OSAP account. Check your OSAP account regularly. Also,  opt-in for email notifications so you know as soon as updates occur.


  • Canada Healthcare System Incapable For Large Inflow Of New Immigrants

    We all know ongoing labour shortage in healthcare system of Canada. In certain cities, new immigrants are already not able to get a family doctor. Furthermore, surgeries and specialist doctors are triaging the patients based on severity of condition.

    Adding more people to an already failing system is reckless, says Diane Francis, award-winning journalist and best-selling author. She says Canada’s healthcare system cannot handle the large inflow of immigrants.

    Diane say that in the start of November, the government unveiled a plan to allow about 1.5 million additional immigrants into the country over the next three years. This approach will further strain Canada’s already overburdened health system.

    With the new immigration levels plan, Canada would receive almost eight times as many permanent residents each year – per population than the U.K., and four times more than the United States, according to the BBC

    Learn about the current state of Canada’s healthcare system, the impact of massive immigration on the healthcare system and a possible solution. 



    Problems in Canada’s healthcare system 

    The Liberal government wants more people to come to the country because they believe it is underpopulated and has an aging population. However, most immigrants wind up in Toronto and Vancouver, which are already overcrowded, have housing problems, and are dealing with looming healthcare issues.

    Everyone is affected by health care, and Canadians increasingly face long wait times for surgeries, simple procedures, appointments, testing, and imaging. In addition, many people do not have a primary care physician, and emergency rooms are overburdened.

    According to the BC Health Care Matters advocacy group, barely one in every five residents in British Columbia has a family doctor. The group has held rallies to draw attention to the problems plaguing British Columbia’s healthcare system, but storming provincial legislatures have been fruitless. 

    So instead, Canadians concerned about the state of their healthcare system should march on Ottawa and demand that mass immigration be halted until services can recover and develop to meet the current demand, explains the BC Health Care Matters advocacy group. 

    Undoubtedly, the government’s excessive immigration numbers of 400,000 per year have contributed to the system’s overstrained state. The most recent declaration that immigration will increase to 500,000 annually in 2025 is unsustainable.

    Provinces want to have a say over the number of admitted immigrants

    According to Francis, provinces should be permitted to sign off on the federal government’s immigration targets. Additionally, they should have more say on who is admitted to the country in the future. Since they are best positioned to know what skills are required in their labour markets and how many newcomers can be accommodated.

    The country’s lack of adequate healthcare resources must be the top consideration for Ottawa. Everywhere in the country, pediatric wards are overloaded. Canada ranks considerably below several of its OECD counterparts in terms of the number of doctors and nurses per 1,000 residents. 

    With roughly one ICU bed for every 6,000 citizens in Ontario, Canada likewise falls behind the United States regarding the quantity of available intensive care beds. In comparison, there is one ICU bed for every 4,100 Americans.

    A possible solution may be a responsive and moral federal immigration system. There should be a cap on the number of immigrants admitted to Canada until there are adequate numbers of family doctors, intensive care units, hospital beds, and other healthcare providers. 

    It would be irresponsible to cram more people into a failing system as a failing healthcare system would affect current and future Canadians. 


  • Know How Abused Spouses/Partners In Canada Can Get Help

    To maintain your status in Canada, you don’t have to continue being in an abusive relationship. However, if you leave the abusive person, they might threaten to deport you or take your children away. Nevertheless, abused spouses and partners can obtain help in Canada regardless of their status. 

    There used to be a restriction on some sponsored wives or partners of Canadian citizens and permanent residents. Previously, sponsored spouses or partners were required to live with the sponsor to maintain permanent resident status. However, that condition no longer exists, and your status no longer depends on you living with your sponsor.

    If you are a victim of abuse, below is how to obtain assistance and options to maintain your immigration status in Canada. 

    Learn how abused spouses or partners can obtain assistance 

    Some organizations can provide you with assistance or helpful information, and they also keep their services private. As a victim of abuse, you experience the following: 

    • Feeling very isolated in Canada.
    • Your abuser may mislead you about your legal status in Canada.
    • You may find it difficult to communicate with others.
    • Might be concerned about your own and your children’s safety.
    • Could struggle to converse in English or French.
    •  Maybe you are perplexed about your legal rights in Canada

    It is important to remember that you are entitled to ask for assistance, and nothing is shameful about it. 



    Options to maintain, retain or keep your immigration status in Canada

    There are choices available to you if you are a victim of family violence but are reluctant to leave your abusive partner for fear of losing your immigration status in Canada.

    • If you are legally admitted temporarily to Canada, you could be eligible to:
      • Renew or extend your status 
    • If your temporary visa has expired, you may be able to:
      • Restore your status
      • Apply for a temporary permit to stay in Canada
    • There are various immigration options accessible in Canada, such as applying for permanent residence on humanitarian and compassionate grounds.

    What exactly constitutes abuse or neglect?

    Abuse is defined as behaviour that terrorizes, isolates, or controls another person. It could be in the form of actions or words. Abuse can occur as a pattern or as a single episode.

    Neglect is the failure to provide care, which can result in serious harm. It can include not giving food, clothing, medical treatment, shelter, and other potentially harmful behaviour.

    Abuse and neglect can take many forms. You may be subjected to more than one type of abuse as a victim.

    The abuser could be your spouse, ex-spouse, partner or ex-partner, or another family member or acquaintance. Moreover, it could be a male or female, a family member of your spouse or partner. 

    Abuse and neglect types 

    Physical abuse

    Contact that intimidates or injures is an example of physical abuse. It can include the following: 

    • Pushing or hitting 
    • burning or pinching
    • Punching or slapping 
    • Stabbing or cutting 
    • Kicking 

    Sexual abuse

    Any unwanted sexual contact or activity is considered sexual abuse. Even if you are in a relationship with your abuser, this is a crime in Canada. For instance, if someone:

    • touches you or engages in sexual activity without your permission
    • continues to engage in sexual activity after being asked to stop
    • makes you perform dangerous or humiliating sexual acts

    Emotional or psychological abuse

    Some examples of emotional or psychological abuse are:

    • To insult, humiliate or yell 
    • Threaten or harass 
    • disrespect, intimate, name-call 
    • Constant criticism or blame 
    • Break your things
    • hurt or threaten family, friends or pets  
    • Isolate you or keep you away from seeing your family or friends 
    • threaten to hurt or take away your children 

    Controlling actions or behaviour 

    Controlling actions that restrict your freedom, like:

    • Keeping your passport, ID, or other crucial documents hidden
    • preventing you from leaving your home and keeping you there
    • constantly examining and keeping an eye on your phone and internet usage
    • restricting you from seeing your relatives and friends

    Neglects examples 

    When a family member obligated to take care of you neglects to meet your fundamental needs, this is considered abuse. It might entail not:

    • Giving enough warm clothing or food,
    • Providing enough medical attention, and 
    • Taking enough medication to stop physical harm

    Forced marriage

    Forced marriage occurs when at least one of the parties to the marriage does not voluntarily give their consent, unlike arranged marriages, which occur with both parties consent. 

    Forced marriages occur when individuals are coerced to marry, usually by family members, using threats, physical assault, or emotional manipulation.

    How to get help? 

    You can use one or all of the following to obtain help.

    • In an emergency, dial 9-1-1 or your local police.
    • For information on your citizenship or immigration status, contact our Client Support Centre at 1-888-242-2100.
      • Select the option for victims of abuse and forced marriage to speak with an agent directly.
      • They will inform you of your choices. It includes a fee-free permit designed for victims of domestic violence who need to flee their abusive husbands or partner.
      • To find community, social, and health services, dial 2-1-1.
      • Find more resources to help you deal with abuse and violence.
      • Locate a women’s shelter if you are a woman fleeing violence.
      • If you are a young person in need of support, call the Kids Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 or go to their website to speak with counsellors anonymously.

  • New Canada Indo-Pacific Strategy To Shape Future Of Immigration

    Today, (November 30, 2022) – IRCC published a news release providing insights on how new Canada Indo-Pacific Strategy shapes the future of immigration. Canada being a Pacific nation, that the Indo-Pacific area will play a big and deep role in Canada’s future.

    According to the news release, the Indo-Pacific region will continue to be a key component of Canada’s immigration strategy since it is a significant source of new immigrants and the fastest-growing economic area in the world.

    Global Affairs Canada is in charge of the Indo-Pacific Strategy for the Canadian government. However, it involves several other departments, including Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada.

    Over the first five years, the Indo-Pacific Strategy would invest over $2.3 billion in new projects. This article delves into these strategies and new projects. 

    The Indo-Pacific strategies 

    The Honourable Sean Fraser, Minister of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship, outlined as part of the Indo-Pacific Strategy how investing in the immigration system will allow Canada to thrive and prosper. 

    Minister Fraser says an investment of $74.6 million over five years, with an ongoing investment of $15.7 million, would increase the application processing capacity locally and in the Indo-Pacific area, including New Delhi, Chandigarh, Islamabad, and Manila. 

    To bring more people to Canada—whether for visits, studies, employment, or permanent immigration—and doing so more quickly, these new resources will support ongoing efforts to handle the large volume of visa applications from the Indo-Pacific region. They will also help to improve processing times, explained the minister. 

    “The Indo-Pacific region is vital for Canada’s immigration and will continue to be in the future. Today’s announcement brings significant new funding to help boost Canada’s visa application processing capacity at home and abroad. As we look to record growth in admissions in the years ahead, this funding will help promote greater diversity among those looking to visit, study, work or live in Canada.”

    -The Honourable Sean Fraser, Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship


    Importance of Indo-Pacific international students 

    International students contribute significantly to Canada’s social and economic well-being. In recent years, the Indo-Pacific area has accounted for roughly two-thirds of all overseas students in Canada. 

    Thousands of those students become permanent residents in Canada each year, while thousands more return home after finishing their studies, bringing a personal connection to Canada with them. 

    The Indo-Pacific Strategy funding will help boost Canada’s International Student Program and promote greater regional diversity among students wishing to study in Canada. 

    Moreover, the Indo-Pacific area accounts for approximately 65% of all international students in Canada. The Canada-ASEAN Scholarships and Educational Exchanges for Development program, which is part of the Indo-Pacific Strategy, will provide $14.2 million in funding over five years to encourage valuable exchanges and the sharing of expertise to introduce more education and research in shared areas of interest.

    In addition, these initiatives will attract students by providing them with access to permanent residence and career opportunities that could lead to them remaining in Canada. India, China, and the Philippines were the top three source countries for permanent residents to Canada in 2021, accounting for 44% of total admissions.

    As a result, Canada recognizes that international students frequently become the highly qualified workers that Canada requires to meet the challenges of the country’s economy today and in the future.

    The future of the Indo-Pacific region is our future, and Canada has a role in shaping it. We are investing to promote peace and security throughout the region, create trade opportunities, connect people, strengthen international assistance and protect human rights, answering the call for expanded and deeper engagement in this region. We have put forward a truly Canadian strategy, one that involves every facet of our society and positions Canada as a reliable partner now and for generations to come.

    – The Honourable Mélanie Joly, Minister of Foreign Affairs

    Source: IRCC


  • Here Are Latest IRCC Processing Times As Of November 30!

    In the beginning of 2022, IRCC updated online processing tool, to offer accurate information on processing timelines. Immigration Minister Sean Fraser announced this update on March 31, 2022, to improve Canadian immigration system. This article enlists the latest processing times from the IRCC as of November 30, 2022.

    The immigration backlog in Canada has decreased from 1.49 million on September 30, 2022 to 1.2 million as of October 31, 2022. IRCC updated this data on November 16, 2022. Furthermore, 1.04 million applications were still being processed within IRCC service standards. So, in total, IRCC had approximately 2.2 million applications under processing as of October 31.

    What Updates Does the Processing Time Include 

    The processing period begins when the application is received by IRCC and concludes when the immigration officer makes a decision on the application. IRCC bases processing time on the time they take to process prior similar applications. Furthermore, the processing time may differ depending on whether the application was filed on paper or online.

    These processing times are designed to offer new weekly timelines from the last 6 months’ data. Furthermore, it correlates the application volume with operational issues to assist future immigrants in better planning their journey.

    Processing Times for Citizenship & PR cards

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Citizenship grant24 monthsNo Change
    Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship)16 monthsNo Change
    Resumption of citizenship34 monthsNo Change
    Renunciation of Citizenship17 monthsNo Change
    Search of citizenship records15 monthsNo Change
    New PR card91 days– 11 Days
    PR card renewals89 days– 1 Day

    Processing Time for Family Sponsorship

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Spouse or common-law partner living outside Canada20 monthsNo Change
    Spouse or common-law partner living inside Canada14 monthsNo Change
    Parents or Grandparents PR37 monthsNo Change

    Processing time for Canadian Passport 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted in person at Service Canada Centre – Passport services)10 business daysNo Change
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted by mail to Service Canada Centre)20 business daysNo Change
    In-Canda Urgent pick-upBy the end of next business dayNo Change
    In-Canada Express pick-up2-9 business daysNo Change
    Regular passport application mailed from outside Canada20 business daysNo Change

    Processing time for Economic Class

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Canadian Experience Class (CEC) 19 monthsNo Change
    Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) 27 monthsNo Change
    Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)51 months+ 2 months
    Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) vis Express Entry14 monthsNo Change
    Non-Express Entry PNP22 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Skilled Worker22 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Business Class65 monthsNo Change
    Federal Self-Employed42 monthsNo Change
    Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)14 monthsNo Change
    Start-Up Visa31 monthsNo Change


    Processing Time for Temporary Residence Application 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Visitor visa outside CanadaVaries by country
    India: 162 days
    Nigeria: 184 Days
    United States: 56 Days
    Pakistan: 227 Days
    Philippines: 118 Days
    UAE: 198 Days
    Bangladesh: 149 Days
    Sri Lanka: 215 Days
    United Kingdom: 135 Days
    – 1 Day for India
    – 5 Days for Nigeria
    – 4 Days for United States & Philippines
    + 7 Days for Pakistan
    + 2 Days for UAE
    + 30 Days for Bangladesh
    No Change for Sri Lanka
    – 10 Days for UK
    Visitor visa inside CanadaOnline: 22 days
    Paper-Based: 45 days
    + 2 Days for online
    No Change for paper-based
    Parents or Grandparents SupervisaVaries by country
    India: 171 days
    Nigeria: 240 Days
    United States: 325 Days
    Pakistan: 242 Days
    Philippines: 180 Days
    UAE: 185 Days
    Bangladesh: 165 Days
    Sri Lanka: 270 Days
    United Kingdom: 185 Days
    + 12 Days for India
    + 2 Days for Nigeria
    – 143 Days for United States
    – 4 Days for Pakistan
    – 2 Days for Philippines
    + 5 Days for UAE
    – 31 Days for Bangladesh
    – 12 Days for Sri Lanka
    + 7 Days for UK
    Visitor Extension (Visitor Record)Online: 204 days
    Paper-Based: 165 days
    – 1 Days (Online)
    – 2 Days (Paper-Based)
    Study Permit Outside Canada11 Weeks– 1 Week
    Study Permit Inside Canada4 WeeksNo Change
    Study Permit ExtensionOnline: 70 Days
    Paper-Based: 101 Days
    + 1 Day (Online)
    + 3 Days (Paper-Based)
    Work Permit Outside Canada*Varies by country
    India: 13 Weeks
    Nigeria: 31 Weeks
    United States: 14 Weeks
    Pakistan: 47 Weeks
    Philippines: 11 Weeks
    UAE: 27 Weeks
    Bangladesh: 38 Weeks
    Sri Lanka: 35 Weeks
    United Kingdom: 10 Weeks
    No Change for India & United States
    – 1 Week for Nigeria, Philippines, United Kingdom
    – 11 Weeks for Pakistan
    – 5 Weeks for UAE
    + 12 Weeks for Bangladesh
    + 4 Weeks for Sri Lanka
    Work Permit Inside CanadaOnline: 166 Days
    Paper-Based: 84 Days
    – 2 Days (Online)
    No Change for paper-based
    International Experience Canada (Current Season)**5 Weeks– 1 Week
    Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)5 minutesNo Change
    Source: IRCC

  • Will International Students Full Time Work Policy Extend?

    The government of Canada lifted the limitation of working hours temporarily effective from November 15, 2022 and international students can now work unlimited hours while studying. 

    Canada has been facing a labour shortage for quite some time now, negatively affecting businesses and workers. To save the falling economy of Canada, Sean Fraser, Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship, introduced a new temporary public policy.

    On October 7, 2022, he announced that from November 15, 2022, to December 31, 2023, post-secondary students are now allowed to work 40 hours off campus while classes are still in session.

    Fraser said, ‘This is a win-win situation for not only International students but also Canada”. This policy allows students to have financial stability while completing their studies. And, They are helping the Canadian economy get back on track.

    However, only study permit holders or study permit applicants on or before October 7, 2022 are eligible under this temporary policy. Over 500,000 eligible international students that are already in Canada are getting the possibility of working more hours.

    Target of this policy?

    This new policy significantly impacts the livelihood of international students. They can now keep up with their essential expenses in this economic recession. And not only this, but it is a great initiative that allows students to connect to employers while completing their programme and potentially have jobs after their studies.

    Moreover, Fraser says that we will speed up processing to get more people to the country on work permits to contribute to the labour force.

    “Canada needs to look at every option so that we have the skills and workforce needed to fuel our growth. Immigration will be crucial to addressing our labour shortage. By allowing international students to work more while they study, we can help ease pressing needs in many sectors across the country while providing more opportunities for international students to gain valuable Canadian work experience and continue contributing to our short-term recovery and long-term prosperity.”

    – The Honourable Sean Fraser, Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship

    In these times of economic recession, International students struggled to keep it together. Be it groceries, rent, or interest rates; everything is getting more and more expensive, Not to forget the tuition for international students. This new initiative is giving them the flexibility to work more hours.

    However, Balancing study and work commitments is equally crucial. Those who reduce course loads to shift part-time or stop studying are not eligible to work off-campus. Failure to meet satisfactory progress may have negative consequences, for example, breach of their visa.

    Will This Temporary Policy Extend For International Students?

    International students have indeed shifted their focus to the workforce for now. There is no hesitation that this new policy is being considered as a blessing by eligible international students in Canada. This temporary lift cap on off-campus work hours for international students is only a trial run.

    Most of the international students are still working on “cash” because employers are still not offering full-time work on SIN as this policy is temporary. This is forcing the international students to accept work on “cash.”

    If this policy was made permanent, then situation could have been different. But, decision of government will only be based on data that can be tracked.

    “I believe in real-world data. So we are going to see how it addresses the labour shortage in the economy, and we may extend the policy next year”, says Sean Fraser. He adds that this temporary policy may be extended to a longer period of time in future in order to address the labour shortage.  

    So, it’s up to existing international students to balance their studies and work. Additionally, students should be working on SIN so that tax data is collected properly and affect of this policy is measurable by the government.

    If this policy has positive impact on Canadian economy and help in addressing the labour shortage, then there is a possibility that this policy may be considered by IRCC to be extended in 2023.


  • Sponsoring Relatives To Canada: Here’s All You Need To Know

    Canadian citizens, permanent residents or registered Indians under the Canadian Indian Act can sponsor certain relatives to immigrate to Canada under the Family Class. However, you must be 18 or older to sponsor a relative. 

    In this article, you can learn the following: 

    • Eligibility requirements to sponsor a relative 
    • Who can sponsor a relative? 
    • Responsibilities of a sponsor 
    • Who is ineligible to sponsor a relative? 
    • How to apply? 


    Eligibility requirements to sponsor a relative 

    It is important to understand that to sponsor a relative to come to Canada as a permanent resident, you must agree to the following:

    • Provide your relative financial support when they arrive 
    • Be capable of providing for your basic needs and those of your relative, including:
      • shelter 
      • Clothing 
      • Food 
    • Ensure that your relative does not require any social assistance. 

    Who can sponsor a relative? 

    To sponsor a relative, you must be 18 years of age or older and be a:

    • Canadian citizen, or 
    • Permanent resident, or 
    • a person registered as an Indian in Canada under the Canadian Indian Act

    To sponsor eligible relatives, you must live in Canada unless you:

    • Are a Canadian citizen living abroad, and 
    • Have plans to return to Canada when your relative immigrates, and 
    • You are sponsoring one of the following
      • Spouse, or 
      • A conjugal or common-law partner, or 
      • Your dependent children who have no dependent children 

    If you live in Quebec, you must also meet Quebec’s requirements for sponsorship after IRCC approves you. It involves signing an undertaking with the province, which is a contract that legally binds your sponsorship. 

    Responsibilities of a sponsor 

    To sponsor a relative to become a Canadian permanent resident, you must:

    • Meet the income requirements 
    • Agree in writing to provide financial support to your relative and any other qualified relatives accompanying them:
      • Beginning with the date they are granted permanent residency
      • For up to 20 years, depending on your relative’s age and how you are related 

    The person you are sponsoring must sign an agreement to make the necessary effort to support themselves. It includes sponsored dependent children who are 18 years old or older. Dependent children under the age of 19 are exempt from signing this agreement.

    Who is ineligible to sponsor a relative? 

    You will not be able to sponsor your relative if the following applies to you: 

    • Are currently in prison 
    • have missed paying alimony or child support
    • have declared bankruptcy and have not yet been released
    • received social assistance for reasons other than a disability
    • failed to repay an immigration loan, made late or missed payments
    • Previously sponsored another relative and failed to meet the terms of the sponsorship agreement. Or were convicted of violent crimes or any offence against a relative or any sexual offence, depending on case details such as:
      • the offence type 
      • the duration of the office 
      • Whether a record suspension (previously known as “pardons” in Canada) was granted 

    Other factors not on this list may prevent you from sponsoring a relative.

    Who can you sponsor? 

    Under extremely rare circumstances, you can sponsor a relative such as a brother, sister, aunt, or uncle. Depending on your circumstances, there are two alternatives for who you can sponsor.

    Sponsoring orphaned brothers, sisters, nephews, nieces or grandchild

    You can only sponsor an orphaned sibling, sister, nephew, niece, or grandchild, provided they match all of the following criteria:

    • They are blood-related or related by adoption 
    • Both parents, mother and father, have passed away 
    • They are below the age of 18
    • Are single, unmarried or not in a conjugal or common-law relationship 

    You are not permitted to sponsor your sibling, niece, nephew, or grandchild if:

    • They still have one living parent.
    • Nobody is aware of where their parents are
    • Parents abandoned them
    • While one or both of their parents are living, someone other than their parents is caring for them
    • Their parent is in prison or detained

    Sponsoring other relatives 

    If you meet the following criteria, you may sponsor one blood or adopted relative of any age. Provided that the person sponsor does not have a surviving family that you could sponsor in their place, such as a:

    • spouse, common-law or conjugal partner
    • daughter or son 
    • parent or grandparent 
    • orphaned brother or sister, or
      • nephew or niece, or 
      • grandchild
    • The prospective sponsor has no relatives, neither an aunt nor an uncle nor any of the relatives mentioned above, who are:
      • Permanent resident of Canada
      • Canadian citizen
      • Indian Act-registered person

    Remember that you must include any dependant children or spouses travelling to Canada with the relative you want to sponsor on the same sponsorship application.

    How to apply? 

    With the new digitalization, all applications must be submitted online beginning September 23, 2022. Below are the steps to apply to sponsor a relative online: 

    Step 1 – Apply to Sponsor a relative

    • Use your checklist to ensure you have all the necessary forms and documentation.
    • Along with your online application, upload the checklist.

    Your visa office can also need more paperwork.

    • Determine which visa office serves your region.
    • See the list of nations and the offices that serve them if you’re unsure which one to use
    • Your online application should also include supplementary documents and directions from the visa office.

    For the Sponsor

    The forms below must be downloaded and filled out by the sponsor. They also need to be digitally signed along with the person being sponsored. These include:

    The applicant you are sponsoring has to:

    • Update their online application by uploading them.
    • All applications, including those of any additional family members, must be signed electronically.

    Step 2-The sponsored person’s next steps (or if under 18, their guardian or you on their behalf) will be as follows: 

    Fill out these digital forms online

    • Generic Application Form for Canada (IMM 0008) 
    • Schedule A – Background/Declaration (IMM 5669) 
    • Additional Family Information (IMM 5406)

    The person filling out the forms must also upload the forms that the sponsor has completed `and signed.

    Step 3-Steps for Applications using an Immigration Representative

    If you want to appoint someone to represent on your behalf:

    You can receive guidance and assistance with your application from an immigration representative (an immigration consultant or attorney) for a fee. But they can’t:

    • Create an account on the portal in your name
    • Sign the application electronically using your account and password to access the portal.

    A representative can submit forms through their own account and contact us on your behalf. They can: 

    • assist you in creating the documents you must upload and provide form-related information
    • answer form questions

    Additionally, you must type your name yourself after reading the declaration. It will be the legal prerequisite for your application to be regarded as “signed” under Canadian immigration law.

    Application Photograph Requirement

    • For each person on your application, you need one photo.
    • Use the online application’s instructions to scan and upload the photo’s two sides.

    Step 4- Online fee payment

    Pay the application fee depending on the relative you will be sponsoring. These include:

    • Child sponsorship: from $150
    • Adult sponsorship: from $1,080

    Step 5-Online Application form submission

    Ensure the following before submitting the application:

    • Respond to all questions
    • Sign your application electronically (type your full name exactly as given in your passport)
    • Include your receipt 
    • Upload the supporting documentation 

    Source: IRCC


  • Top 9 Reasons Why Immigrants Are Leaving Canada

    Canada is a beautiful country that brings several opportunities to improve career and personal life of immigrants. However, with growing living expenses, number of immigrants leaving Canada has increased significantly for various reasons. 

    Many of them are already permanent residents and Canadian citizens. If you are a newcomer planning to come to Canada, this article can help you have the correct mindset and be aware of realistic expectations when you arrive. 

    9 Reasons Why People Leave Canada

    Having high and unrealistic expectations

    Some visitors to Canada arrive with higher expectations. They search for YouTube videos and believe that life in Canada is ideal. It’s not. No place is perfect, and Canada is no exception. 

    Expecting to find employment immediately or purchase an expensive home in the first year is unrealistic. Everything takes time, and you will eventually accomplish your goals. Most individuals know how challenging it is to succeed in this situation, work, or life.

    Do not expect everything to be perfect in Canada since things happen, and you should be ready for any hardship. But unfortunately, people often fail to live up to their high expectations, and they either give up or leave.



    Not finding the desired job

    Immigrants come to Canada with high hopes, but not everyone succeeds in landing the job they want. However, many immigrants believe it would be easy to get the same position in Canada because they worked for a multinational corporation back in their home country. 

    You may land great jobs in Canada. Mostly, you may not find the exact position you previously held or are currently looking for. Generally, it may take at least 1-3 years to find a position in your specific industry despite having years of experience in your home country.

    It also depends on when and where you arrive in Canada and look for employment. Not finding a position in your field is not the end of the world. There are opportunities in other industries, such as retail or restaurants, that will pay at least the minimum wage to manage basic expenses. 

    If you intend to move to Canada, there’s a risk you might not get the job you’re looking for, but with time, effort, and Canadian experience, you’ll succeed. There is also a little possibility that your employer will take advantage of the fact that you lack Canadian work experience by offering you a lesser pay scale. So, Canadian experience is the key.

    Surviving the cold weather 

    Six to seven months of the year are extremely cold in Canada, and two to three of those months, in particular, can see lows of -25 to -30 degrees in Ontario. Saskatchewan and other northern provinces have cooler temperatures.

    Canada can be extremely cold for about six months. For example, the temperature in Ontario could drop to – 25 to -30 degrees for a few months, especially during January. Moreover, the temperature is lower in northern provinces like Saskatchewan or Alberta. 

    As a result, many people from warm climates struggle during the colder months. The first year is the hardest, but you get used to it as time passes. If at all possible, avoid travelling to Canada in the winter. Many people have never seen temperatures this low, so they do not know how cold Canada can get.

    Winter often discourages many people as many leave Canada due to the weather. One suggestion for solving this issue is to get more involved in winter sports like hockey, ice skating, skiing, and snowboarding.

    Having financial difficulties 

    It is important to understand that not everyone in Canada is wealthy; although it is a wonderful place to live, it is not simple to accumulate wealth. Recently, inflation in Canada has increased significantly with increase in price of groceries and gas.

    It is challenging since you will need to spend a lot of money on the settlement and pay a lot of taxes simultaneously. There’s a great misconception if you think you can immigrate to Canada and get extremely wealthy quickly.

    You’ll have a lot of work, and some people can’t stand it. They find it too challenging, so some start thinking about leaving the country.

    However, it’s critical to remember not to become depressed. This country is still a land of opportunity, and most of its citizens are successful. Many successful immigrants have made incredible money simply by relocating to Canada, proving they give time and effort to grow and adjust to the country. 

    Becoming homesick

    Being apart from home is difficult. It’s not always possible for newcomers to board a plane and see their families and friends. Sometimes you might not have the funds or the time to return home. Not to mention that many immigrants arrive in Canada unaccompanied before they may bring their families.

    Most of these people experience feelings of alienation and loneliness. Occasionally, they are forced to say goodbye to their loved ones back home, including their spouses, children, and parents.

    Moving to a foreign nation where you know no one can be challenging. It can be a strong reason for a new immigrant to depart Canada.

    Difficulty in starting over 

    Starting over is rarely a pleasant experience for anyone. However, it is necessary to understand that even if you hold a managerial position in your home country, you might need to start from the beginning in Canada.

    Having prior experience would undoubtedly give you an advantage, but it does not mean you find a managerial position from the beginning. 

    Once you gather Canadian experience, you can grow and find other opportunities, but it would be unrealistic to find everything immediately after you land. 

    However, the key is not to give up when things are challenging, especially at first. Many people struggle under pressure, which makes them depressed and unable to start over and improve their lives. 

    Having health issues

    Even when people are healthy in Canada, they occasionally receive a serious medical diagnosis. Although they could receive the therapy in Canada, it might make more sense for them to receive it there with the assistance of friends and family.

    Additionally, they could need to return home if a family member suffers from a serious illness or if they have to care for their ageing parents. In this case, they can sponsor their parent, but the application process is time-consuming, and not everyone is qualified to sponsor.

    Expensive real estate and rentals 

    In a few Canadian cities, real estate can be pretty pricey. For example, expect to pay two to three million dollars for a tiny house if you travel to Toronto or Vancouver.

    People frequently work hard and cannot purchase the home of their dreams, especially in large areas like Toronto and Vancouver. Not only are immigrants affected by this issue, but many Canadians also struggle to pay the high cost of housing in Canada’s major cities. 

    Similarly, rents are becoming increasingly high as there is a growing demand for housing and many struggles to find affordable housing in Canada. 

    Expensive public health and medical treatment 

    Although public health care is free in Canada, it does not cover everything. Remember that it is your responsibility to purchase any prescription drugs.

    In addition, the public health system does not cover dentists. Therefore, you should expect to pay a high amount if you require complicated treatments. Sometimes, booking a flight, returning home, and receiving dental care may be less expensive. 

    Another intriguing fact is that, in Canada, it’s typical to see the nurse first and the doctor later, depending on the situation. For example, if you’re ill, your doctor will see you for ten minutes before writing you a prescription to address your medical problems.

    Moreover, there are long wait times for getting medical appointments. Even if you have to go to an emergency room, there can be 3-4 hours of waiting. 


  • 4 Ways Canada Can Improve To Retain International Students

    Today, John Stackhouse (senior vice president at RBC) and Valerie Walker (president of the Business + Higher Education Roundtable (BHER), shared 4 ways Canada can keep global talent and prevent it from going elsewhere. 

    Processing of study visa for Canada continues to be slower and not meeting IRCC service standards. Generally, Student Direct Stream (SDS) program for study visa has a standard processing time of 20 calendar days. However, applicants have to wait for much longer to get their study visa result. In some cases, it may take up to 4 months.

    In certain cases applicants received study visa approval after starting of their classes. This is discouraging for future study visa applicants. According to figures from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada, more than 620,000 international students were studying in Canada in 2021, and that number has continued to rise.

    Recent research from RBC Economics shows that International students are stranded in an overly complex immigration system, with no clear, quick path to study permits or permanent residency and job once they graduate from college.

    As a result, losing global talent is one of the major concerns for Canada as the country has an ageing population. Other countries among the race of attracting global talent such as U.K., U.S., Australia are offering much faster processing of study visas.



    Contribution of international students to build Canada 

    In November 1, 2022 new immigration levels plan announcement, IRCC Minister Sean Fraser acknowledged that international students contribute more than $23 billion annually. Moreover, international students have been the only source of new enrolments at post-secondary institutions in Canada since 2016. 

    In addition, when financial pressure is intense on Canadian institutions, the unsubsidized tuition costs paid by international students constitute a crucial source of income.

    Canada’s labour market is losing a generation of workers. Additionally, improper alignment between the skills taught to employees and the labour market’s productivity is a problem. If Canada doesn’t change its direction soon, it’ll lag behind its competitors and be unable to address its most pressing problems.

    4 Ways to improve international students program

    As per John Stackhouse and Valerie Walker:

    First, Canada must follow the example set by peers like the U.S. and the U.K. in making it simpler for students to study and stay. It’s a good start that the federal government is allowing international students to work longer hours and automating some visa renewal applications. 

    The best talent in the world won’t wait months for a work or study permit when they can obtain one from the U.K. in a matter of days. By working with the government to verify financial guarantees or educational credentials, post-secondary and financial institutions can reduced the processing times for study visa.

    Second, Canada relies too heavily on students from China and India studying abroad. To increase the talent pool and reduce risk, Canada must do more to attract students from South America, other Asian nations, and francophone countries.

    Third, Canada should pay more attention to in-demand skills for the country’s present and future labour markets and less to hiring goals. By forming alliances with groups like the Business + Higher Education Roundtable (BHER), employers and post-secondary institutions can better match hiring practices to labour market demands.

    As well as promote the expansion of programs related to in-demand professions like those in the net-zero economy, STEM fields, and healthcare.

    Finally, Canada must put a stronger emphasis on the experience of international students. For example, while studying in this country, provinces and municipalities must allocate more funds to affordable housing, public transit, and health care, particularly mental health. 

    Additionally, a part of BHER’s mandate suggests expanding the chances for international students to engage in WIL could enhance their career prospects and overall Canadian experience.


  • Childcare In Canada – Here Is All You Need To Know!

    The journey might sound too overwhelming if you are getting permanent residency of Canada, starting a new life and have kids. As a parent, childcare is usually the top priority. Everyone wants to provide their child with the best care. However, it is also essential to manage the costs and ensure that the childcare service is top quality. 

    So, if you have a child or are planning on having one, you are in the right place. This article lists the many childcare options in Canada. Also, it helps you understand the costs so that you can plan your budget accordingly. Moreover, it will also help you choose a service that is best suited to your needs.

    Types of child care in Canada

    In Canada, there are many options available for child care. A few examples of these are – daycare centres, home daycare, nannies, and preschools. Some of the services are regulated while others might be unregulated.

    Regulated services are monitored, licensed, and regulated by provincial and territorial authorities. Examples of these are full-day childcare, home child care, and school-age child care.

    On the other hand, unregulated child care is provided either in the caregiver’s or the child’s own home. In such cases, it is the parent’s responsibility to assess the quality of child care provided.

    Moreover, you will have to manage your relationship with the caregiver. Listed below are the different kinds of child care in Canada – 

    childcare in canada

    Full-day child care centres

    These centres are inspected regularly by government officials. Full-day child care should be licensed and meet the province’s regulations. These include group size, staff training requirements, physical space, nutrition, health and safety, and so on.  Any childcare centre that is not licensed cannot operate anywhere in Canada.

    Part-day programs

    These programs are regulated in almost all provinces through the same licensing systems as full-day programs. However, some requirements may be different. Also, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, and Yukon allow unlicensed part-day programs. Examples of such programs are nursery schools or preschools.

    School-age programs

    These programs are regulated in all provinces, usually up to age 12. However, starting age and specific requirements for school-age programs vary. Some before and after-school programs, recreational and skill-building programs, as well as programs for young school-aged children during summers and school holidays are not required to be licensed

    Regulated family child care (home child care)

    This program is available in all provinces. It is provided to a group of children in a caregiver’s own home. In some provinces, regulated family childcare homes are inspected or monitored by a government official.

    They make regular visits. Some regulations in this program include the physical environment, number of children by age, record keeping, nutrition, health and safety, and also sometimes caregiver training.



    Cost of childcare in Canada

    Child care is expensive in Canada and varies by province. So, it often becomes a challenge to find affordable child care. The monthly cost can be around $179 to $1,934 CAD depending on the province.

    In Quebec, Prince Edward Island, Manitoba, and Newfoundland, and Labrador half of the childcare spaces are at a provincially-set fee. Child care in Toronto is the most expensive.

    Also, Markham, Mississauga, Oakville, Richmond Hill, and Vaughan, all cities in the GTA (Greater Toronto Area) follow with the highest median fees for childcare. The cities with the lowest fees for infant care are in Quebec. Winnipeg also has affordable childcare. 

    How to find a perfect childcare option 

    Listed below are the steps you should take to find childcare that best suits your situation – 

    • Search for Child Care Services in your city. You can find them on your city’s website or the province’s Ministry of Education website. This will provide you with a list of licensed centers in your neighborhood.
    • Choose the location that best suits for based on your work location or home. Ask about their hours of operation. See if they match the days and times when you’ll need childcare
    • Check the environment of the childcare. It should be welcoming, safe, and child friendly. 
    • Confirm that the provider is licensed, regulated, or monitored by the government. Confirm their qualifications. See if the staff is trained in providing emergency first aid.
    • Lastly, ask about the fees and see if it fits your budget. 

    Tips for newcomers to Canada

    Here are a few tips for newcomers- 

    Budgeting – It is important to budget your expenses. Note down all your monthly costs. This will help you better plan your finances and choose the right kind of childcare program. Also, this helps you decide if you should go for private or public care. For example, hiring a nanny may prove to be slightly more cost-effective if you have two or more kids. 

    Grants – The federal government offers Canada Child Benefit to families with children. This grant provides a tax-free monthly payment to all eligible families living in Canada to assist with the cost of raising children under the age of 18. You should apply for these grants. 

    Subsidies – All provinces provide childcare subsidies. However, the criteria, limits, and options may vary depending on the province. You should consider this. You can Reach out to your nearest newcomer settlement centre for assistance.