Canada Immigration Backlog Reduces To 1.2 Million – New IRCC Data

Canada immigration backlog

Last Updated On 16 November 2022, 8:56 PM EST (Toronto Time)

Canada immigration backlog reduced from 1.49 million as of September 30, 2022 to 1.2 million as of October 31, 2022. This new data has been updated by IRCC today (November 16, 2022).

Additionally, 1.04 million applications are still processing within service standards. So, in total, there are now 2.2 million applications under processing at IRCC.

IRCC minister clarified on August 24, 2022 that backlog data is different from the service standard data. For e.g., spousal sponsorship has processing time of 12 months, then an application under processing within 12 months is “NOT” a backlog. Rather it will fall under normal processing data.

However, if it exceeds the 12-month service standard, then it is called backlog. It is important to note that IRCC’s target is to processing 80% of the applications within service standards. Click here for category-wise IRCC’s service standards. Click here for latest category-wise IRCC processing times.

Application TypeOverall Processing InventoryBacklogWithin Service Standards
Permanent Residence603,700324,000279,700
Temporary Residence1,304,000778,790525,210
IRCC Backlog latest data
IRCC applications under processing
Immigration Applications Under Processing Within Service Standards
IRCC Backlog
Immigration Applications Under Processing In Backlog

Below are the category-wise Canada Immigration backlog projections by IRCC

1. Federal High Skilled Backlog

MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
Jan 2289%
Feb 2292%
Mar 2298%
Apr 2299%
May 22100%
Jun 22100%
Jul 2299%
Aug 22 90%86%
Sep 22 68%72%
Oct 22 45%59%
Nov 22 46%
Dec 2220%

2. Provincial Nominee Program (Express Entry) Backlog

MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
Jan 2256%
Feb 2255%
Mar 2254%
Apr 2251%
May 2247%
Jun 2245%
Jul 2243%
Aug 22 42%39%
Sep 22 40%35%
Oct 22 42%31%
Nov 22 28%
Dec 22 20%

3. Spouses, Partners and children applications Backlog

MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
Jan 2234%
Feb 2232%
Mar 2230%
Apr 2229%
May 2227%
Jun 2227%
Jul 2226%
Aug 22 25%24%
Sep 22 25%23%
Oct 22 24%22%
Nov 22 20%
Dec 22 19%

4. Citizenship Backlog

MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
Jan 2246%
Feb 2245%
Mar 2242%
Apr 2240%
May 2239%
Jun 2237%
Jul 2234%
Aug 22 31%31%
Sep 22 31%30%
Oct 22 28%29%
Nov 22 27%
Dec 22 25%

5. Study Permits Backlog

MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
Jan 2242%
Feb 2234%
Mar 2227%
Apr 2232%
May 2231%
Jun 2230%
Jul 2231%
Aug 22 38%39%
Sep 22 31%42%
Oct 22 26%33%
Nov 22 31%
Dec 22 33%
Jan 23 36%
Feb 23 33%
Mar 23 23%

6. Work Permits Backlog

**As per IRCC, approximately 74% of work permits applications are from the Canada-Ukraine authorization for emergency travel.

MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
Jan 2248%
Feb 2251%
Mar 2229%
Apr 2223%
May 2226%
Jun 2228%
Jul 2228%
Aug 22 34%29%
Sep 22 27%35%
Oct 22 23%49%
Nov 22 55%
Dec 22 60%
Jan 23 58%
Feb 23 47%
Mar 23 30%

7. Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) or Visitor Visa Backlog

**As per IRCC, approximately 16% of temporary resident visa or visitor visa applications are from the Canada-Ukraine authorization for emergency travel.

MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
Jan 2270%
Feb 2274%
Mar 2255%
Apr 2255%
May 2256%
Jun 2271%
Jul 2267%
Aug 22 71%68%
Sep 22 74%71%
Oct 22 74%70%
Nov 22 67%
Dec 22 66%
Jan 23 66%
Feb 23 62%
Mar 23 58%

Source: IRCC official website

  • New Express Entry Draw Declares CRS Cutoff At 481

    Today, new IRCC Express Entry draw issues 7,000 invitations to apply (ITA) for Canada permanent residency (PR), to applicants having a CRS score of 481 or above.

    Express Entry draws are usually held bi-weekly, but today’s draw is the third back-to-back weekly round of invitations.

    Details of the IRCC Express Entry draw today

    • Date and time of round: March 29, 2023 13:44:01 UTC
    • No Program Specified
    • Number of invitations issued: 7,000
    • Rank required to be invited to apply: 7,000 or above
    • CRS score of lowest-ranked candidate invited: 481
    • Tie-breaking rule: February 14, 2023 07:35:00 UTC

    Just FYI, we now have a dedicated online Express Entry page which is updated as soon as the draw is out. Click here to visit our Express Entry page.

    A total of 21,000 invitations to apply have been issued in last 3 consecutive weeks and CRS cut off score has dropped all the way from 490 to 481.

    This is the lowest cutoff score since the beginning of “no program specified” draws post pandemic.

    However, this could just be the “good days” prior to starting of new “targeted Express Entry draws” this year.

    Next Express Entry Draw Prediction

    Our CRS cut off score prediction last week just missed by 1 point. We predicted today’s cutoff at 480, but it came at 481.

    This prediction is based on our analysis of CRS score distribution in the pool on the draw day and anticipation of new profiles until then.

    Similarly, our next draw predication sees the cut off score to be around 476-478 for no program specified draws (if draw is held next week).

    If no program specified draw is held after two weeks now, then the cut off is expected to be around 480.

    The CRS score distribution of applicants in the Express Entry pool as of March 29, 2023 is shown below.

    March 29 CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool

    IRCC Express Entry draw - CRS Distribution

    Click here for all the previous Express Entry draws.

    Official IRCC processing times for Express Entry – March 23, 2023.

    • Canadian Experience Class – 12 months
    • Federal Skilled Worker Program – 30 months
    • Federal Skilled Trades Program – 70 months
    • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) via Express Entry – 11 months

  • Canada Budget 2023 New Proposals For Immigration

    Today, the finance minister and deputy prime minister Chrystia Freeland unveiled Canada budget 2023 amid rising grocery costs.

    Budget reiterated that Canada will welcome 500,000 new permanent residents per year by 2025 with the vast majority of whom will be skilled employees.

    This will assist in addressing the labour shortages that so many Canadian firms are currently facing.

    The budget proposes new funding to improve processing and boost visitors to Canada.

    Additionally, it also allocates new funding for promoting francophone funding as well as to support legal aid for Asylum Seekers.

    Canada Budget 2023 Proposal for Immigration

    Canada budget 2023 proposes $104.3 million for citizenship, visitors, asylum seekers + $123.2 million for promoting francophone immigration.

    As per 2022 budget, Canada already has plan to spend $1.6 billion over six years and $315 million ongoing to achieve ambitious target of welcoming 500,000 new permanent residents annually by 2025.

    Moreover, $50 million is also being spend to address immigration backlogs.

    Safe and Efficient Citizenship Applications: $10 million over 5 years

    Applications for citizenship are screened using name-based searches rather than biometric methods like fingerprints, which are used in visa and permanent residency applications.

    Name-based searches take longer and are less precise, resulting in longer processing times.

    So, budget 2023 proposes $10 million over five years, beginning in 2023-24, with a remaining amortization of $14.6 million for Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to implement biometrics.

    Supporting Travel to Canada: $50.8 million in forgone revenue over 4 years

    Canada acknowledges that Visitors to Canada generate billions of dollars in revenue. The federal government is dedicated to simplifying and streamlining the application process for anyone wishing to visit Canada, while not compromising national security.

    Budget 2023 proposes expanding eTA (Electronic Travel Authorization) eligibility to low-risk, trusted travellers from additional visa-required countries.

    This will assist to make Canada a more appealing destination for trustworthy travellers while also allowing the government to direct resources where they are most needed, such as screening higher-risk travellers.

    This approach will cost $50.8 million in forgone revenue over four years. The list of qualifying countries will be released in upcoming weeks.

    As per Canadian government, access to legal counsel, information, and guidance guarantees that Canada’s asylum procedure is fair and efficient for all.

    In collaboration with provinces and territories, the federal government helps fund legal aid services for asylum seekers who cannot afford it.

    Canada budget 2023 proposes to give Justice Canada $43.5 million in 2023-24 to sustain government financing for immigration and refugee legal aid programmes.

    Francophone (French-Speaking) immigration: $123.2 million

    Budget proposes $123.2 million to enhance Francophone immigration in Canada. Although, it is immigration related, but it falls under the action plan for official languages section of the budget.

    This includes assistance to Canadian firms in recruiting French-speaking overseas employees and improved assistance to these immigrants after they arrive.

    Grocery Rebate Canada Budget 2023

    Most talked across Canada is the “grocery rebate” announced by the minister, which is a one-time payment (a maximum amount of $153 per adult, $81 per child, and $81 for singles).

    As a result, eligible couples with 2 children may receive up to $467, while individuals may receive up to an extra $234. Furthermore, Seniors may receive up to $225.

    This is expected to benefit For 11 million low- and modest-income Canadians and families to offset the cost of rising grocery inflation. However, this is too petite amount.

    Example explained in the budget on Grocery Rebate eligibility

    Sam works part-time as a cook at a restaurant, while Alex works as a clerk at a convenience store. They make $38,000 each year to support their two young children.

    Increasing grocery prices have stretched their already limited budget, and they are fighting to make ends meet.

    In addition to the improved Canada Workers Benefit, Canada Child Benefit, and GST Credit they already get, the Food Rebate will provide them with $467 to help them afford the healthful food their growing children require.

    Canada Budget 2023
  • Canada Foreign Worker Program Transitioning To LMIA Online Portal Effective April 3

    Effective April 3, 2023 the Canada Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) will begin shifting to the LMIA Online Portal as the primary means of submitting LMIAs.

    The Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is a document that a Canadian business or employer require before recruiting a foreign worker.

    With positive LMIA, a foreign worker can apply for a work permit and come to Canada for employment.

    This change to LMIA Online Portal will streamline processing even further, allowing firms to respond labour market demands more swiftly.

    New Extension of Temporary Foreign Worker Program COVID Measures

    Furthermore, Minister of Employment, Carla Qualtrough extended below listed temporary measures until October 23, 2023. These measures were introduced during the COVID.

    • Allowing employers in seven sectors with demonstrated labour shortages (such as accommodation and food services, construction, and food manufacturing) to hire up to 30% of their workforce for low-wage positions through the TFWP;
    • extending the validity period of Labour Market Impact Assessments (LMIAs) to 18 months; and
    • extending the maximum duration of employment for low-wage positions to two years.

    The Canadian labour market remains tighter than it was prior to the pandemic, with the job vacancy rate reaching an all-time high in the third quarter of 2021.

    Still unemployment rate in Canada continues to remain near-record low at 5.0%.

    As of March 19, 2023, 56.5% more files (108,592) have been processed this year than during the same time period the prior fiscal year (69,379).

    Despite the huge rise in demand, national average LMIA processing times improved by more than ten days in fiscal year 2022-23.

    LMIA processing times have continued to improve and are now at 29 days nationwide, down from 40 days at the start of this fiscal year.

    What is the LMIA Online Portal

    The LMIA Online Portal is a trustworthy and secure electronic resource.

    It enables Canadian employers and third-party representatives to submit an LMIA application to Service Canada on their behalf.

    LMIA online portal login

    LMIA Online Portal Features

    Employers or third-party representatives can do the following in the LMIA Online Portal after setting up a Job Bank account:

    • Submit LMIA application anytime (24×7 = 24 hours a day, 7 days a week)
    • Complete or revise an LMIA application at any time prior to submitting it to Service Canada
    • Upload supporting documents
    • Securely pay LMIA fees
    • Receive real-time updates on the status of LMIA application
    • Employer can access and follow the status of application, when a third party representative is submitting an LMIA application on employer’s behalf
    • View correspondence and decision letters issued by Service Canada,
    • Review previously submitted applications,
    • Create a new LMIA application by copying the information from a previous application, and
    • Contact TFWP system experts for help with technical issues.

    “We are taking a balanced approach to adjust the Temporary Foreign Worker Program to meet the changing needs of Canada’s workforce and Canadian employers. Renewing these measures addresses immediate labour shortages, while ensuring Canadians have access to jobs. We’ll continue working with provinces, territories and other partners to build the strong, skilled workforce Canada needs to support our economy.”

    – Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Disability Inclusion, Carla Qualtrough

    How to request an exemption

    If applicants meet one of the below listed exemptions, then they may contact to make a request for an exemption and request a PDF LMIA application form.

    • business name
    • business telephone
    • justification(s) for the exemption(s), citing the exception to which applicant is entitled
    • the stream(s) applicant want to apply for

    If you fulfil the requirements for the exemption, Service Canada will assess your request and make a determination. Email replies will be sent out within two business days.

    LMIA Portal Exemptions

    In April 2023, all LMIA application forms will be taken down from website.

    However, employer or their representative is unable to use the LMIA Online Portal because of the below listed reasons, then they might be granted exemption from submitting the application online.

    Exemption 1

    Employers or their representative is/are unable get a Job Bank account if they;

    • don’t have a SIN
    • don’t have a payroll account number associated with CRA business number

    Exemption 2

    Employers is facing limitations or technical difficulties (example, limited internet or computer access).

    Exemption 3

    Applicants cannot use the Online Portal due to a system outage. In this situation, a notification outlining the steps to submit an LMIA application during this time will be placed on the Online Portal.

    Temporary Foreign Worker LMIA Employers List

    Below is the latest official list of Employers who have been issued positive LMIAs so far.

    What is LMIA Online Portal?

    The LMIA Online Portal is a trustworthy and secure electronic resource. It enables Canadian employers and third-party representatives to submit an LMIA application to Service Canada on their behalf.

    Effective April 3, 2023 the Canada Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) will be transitioning to the LMIA Online Portal as the primary means of submitting LMIAs.

  • Roxham Road Border and Safe Third Country Agreement

    The Canadian government has secured an agreement with the United States on irregular migration that now allows Canada to block the Roxham Road unofficial crossing at the Canada-United States border.

    On March 24, 2023, Canada and the United States announced the expansion of the Safe Third Country Agreement (STCA) across the whole land border, including internal waterways.

    The expansion takes effect on March 25, 2023, at 12:01 a.m. EDT. If you crossed the border to seek asylum (refugee) and do not fit one of the Agreement’s exclusions, you will be deported to the United States.

    As part of this commitment, Canada will accept an additional 15,000 migrants from the Western Hemisphere on a humanitarian basis over the course of the year.

    This is to maintain the expansion of the safe, regular pathways already provided throughout the hemisphere as an alternative to unauthorized migration and as a path to job opportunities.

    Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and the United States are among the 23 nations of North America in the Western Hemisphere.

    Apart from these, 12 countries from South America also fall in Western Hemisphere. These are Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Urugya, and Venezuela.

    According to sources, those positions will be new and will not reduce the number of immigrants and refugees that Canada has previously stated it will welcome.

    What is Roxham Road Crossing

    Roxham Road is an unofficial land border (dirt road) between Canada and United States, which runs through Quebec and New York. It is located around 50 kilometres south of Montreal.

    The route serves as a popular unauthorized border crossing for asylum seekers attempting to enter Canada.

    Since 2017, Canada has experienced an influx of refugees crossing the border from the United States at different irregular entry sites.

    According to federal government figures, more than 39,000 persons sought refuge in Quebec in 2022 after entering the country illegally.

    Roxham Road Border Crossing

    What is Safe Third Country Agreement (STCA)?

    A safe third country is a country where an individual, passing through that country, could have made a claim for refugee protection. 

    Canada and United States has a Safe Third Country Agreement (STCA) which means any foreign national in the United States cannot enter Canada and seek refuge.

    It is illegal for an asylum seeker to cross the border anyplace other than an established port of entry.

    However, once a person sets foot on the Canadian soil by any means (such as via Roxham road), then that person is lawfully permitted to apply for asylum and seek refugee status.

    Previously, the STCA was only applicable at official border crossings and Roxham road is just an unofficial country-side ditch road connecting two countries.

    On March 24 U.S and Canada has expanded this agreement to include all the official and unofficial borders effective March 25.

    Now if any foreign national enters Canada from the United States and apply for asylum (refugee status), then Canadian authorities will return them back to the U.S.

    Where is the Safe Third Country Agreement (STCA) applicable now?

    The Safe Third Country Agreement applies to refugees seeking entrance into Canada from the United States.

    • at Canada-US land border crossings
    • after crossing between ports of entry and claiming refugee protection within 14 days of entering Canada
    • by train, or
    • at airports, only if the person seeking refugee protection in Canada has been denied refugee status in the US and is in transit through Canada after being deported from the US.

    Exemptions to the STCA

    Exceptions to the Agreement take into account the value of family unity, children’s best interests, and the public interest. There are four different kinds of exceptions:

    • Family members.
    • Unaccompanied minors.
    • Document holders
    • Public Interest

    1. Family member exemption

    Refugee applicants may be eligible for this exemption if they have a family member who:

    • is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of Canada or a protected person under Canadian immigration legislation
    • has made a claim for refugee status in Canada that has been accepted by the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB)
    • has had his or her removal order stayed on humanitarian and compassionate grounds
    • holds a valid Canadian work permit
    • holds a valid Canadian study permit
    • is above the age of 18 and has a refugee protection claim that has been referred to the IRB for adjudication.

    Below listed relationships meet the definition of a family member:

    • spouse
    • legal guardian
    • child
    • father or mother
    • sister or brother
    • grandfather or grandmother
    • grandchild
    • uncle or aunt
    • nephew or niece
    • common-law partner
    • same-sex spouse

    2. Exemption for unaccompanied minors

    Minor refugee claimants who are (under the age of 18) and

    • are not accompanied by a parent or legal guardian
    • having no spouse or common-law partner, and
    • do not have a mother, father, or legal guardian in Canada or the United States.

    3. Exemption of document holders

    Refugee claimants may be eligible for this category of exceptions if they meet the following criteria:

    • possess a valid Canadian visa (other than a transit visa)
    • possess a valid work permit possess a valid study permit
    • have a travel document (for permanent residents or refugees) or other valid entry document issued by Canada, or are not required (exempt) to get a temporary resident visa to visit Canada yet require a visa granted by the United States to enter the United States.

    4. Public Interest Exemption

    Public interest exemption applies to asylum seekers if they have been charged with or convicted of an offence that might result in the death sentence in the United States or another nation.

    A refugee claimant, on the other hand, is disqualified if he or she has been deemed inadmissible in Canada on security grounds, for breaching human or international rights, or for severe crime, or if the Minister considers the person to be a threat to the public.

    Is Roxham road border crossing open?

    Roxham Road is no longer open to refugees seeking to enter Canada. The Canadian government and the United States have agreed to block Roxham Road, an illegal border crossing just south of Montreal.

    Canada is now turning away asylum seekers trying to enter via Roxham Road.

    Where is Roxham Road border crossing?

    Roxham Road is an unofficial land border (dirt road) that extends across Quebec and New York between Canada and the United States. It is around 50 kilometres south of Montreal.

    What is Safe Third Country Agreement (STCA) Roxham?

    The Safe Third Country Agreement (STCA) between Canada and the United States (U.S.) is part of the Smart Border Action Plan between the two countries.

    As per this agreement, refugee claimants are obligated to seek refugee status in the first secure nation they arrive or land in.

    Source: STCA

  • BREAKING: New Canada Immigration Pathway Announced By IRCC
    Last Updated On 16 November 2022, 8:56 PM EST (Toronto Time)

    March 27, 2023 – Today, Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), the Honourable Sean Fraser announces a new Canada Immigration pathway.

    Minister offers a keynote talk and unveil new permanent residency (PR) pathway at the Empire Club of Canada in Toronto little late than scheduled time of 11:30 am EST.

    Fraser spoke with NGOs, business leaders, and civil society organizations and discuss how Canada’s immigration measures can help employers from different sectors address the labour shortages.

    You can select your preferred language below to read the whole announcement for better understanding.

    New Immigration Pathway LIVE UPDATES:

    Canada announces a new economic immigration pathway under the Economic Mobility Pathways Pilot (EMPP) to assist firms in hiring qualified refugees and other displaced people.

    The Canadian government is expanding the EMPP by establishing a new federal pathway.

    In order to solve specific labour shortages in high-demand industries like healthcare, skilled crafts, and information technology, Canada has set ambitious goals for the EMPP.

    During the next years, Canada will expand it further and accept 2,000 eligible refugees and other displaced people.

    As a result of the uniform qualifying requirements and the requirement to submit only one application, the new federal immigration program application procedure will be simpler and quicker.

    The majority of applications will be approved within 6 months, allowing EMPP applicants to travel to Canada and begin employment immediately.

    This summer will see the launch of this new pathway, which will supplement current EMPP pathways.

    The new federal pathway will allow companies additional chances to fill a variety of in-demand positions, including those for teachers, tourist and hospitality employees, truck and delivery service drivers, software engineers, web designers, mechanical and electrical engineers, and long-term care aides.

    The EMPP offers EMPP candidates the chance to resume their professions and their lives in safety with their families here in Canada while giving companies another way to meet their labour market demands.

    The EMPP will also now take a more accommodating stance towards eligibility by allowing other displaced individuals who require international protection and lack a long-term solution to apply.

    In the upcoming weeks, more details on the new federal pathway, including eligibility requirements, will be made accessible on the EMPP website.

    Employers will be allowed to recruit refugees and other displaced persons who qualify under any National Occupation Classification 2021 category TEER 0-5 according to the new government gateway.

    “Canada is a global leader in helping skilled refugees connect with employers struggling to find workers in critical areas, while giving newcomers the opportunity to restart their careers and their lives here in Canada. Our government will continue to develop and scale innovative immigration measures to help employers address their critical labour shortages and provide refugees with the opportunity to live in safety while rebuilding their lives.”

    – The Honourable Sean Fraser, Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship
    New Canada Immigration Pathway announcement

    Source: Canada immigration official website

    Speculations Regarding the Announcement

    Below listed were the some speculations around the web regarding today’s announcement:

    New Canada immigration pathway has been announced which you can watch at INC News now.

    What is the new pathway of PR for Canada?

    Canada announces a new economic immigration pathway under the Economic Mobility Pathways Pilot (EMPP) to assist firms in hiring qualified refugees and other displaced people.

    The majority of applications will be approved within 6 months, allowing EMPP applicants to travel to Canada and begin employment immediately.

    Will there be a new immigration program in Canada?

    Yes, Canada will be launching a new economic immigration pathway under the Economic Mobility Pathways Pilot (EMPP) in summer of 2023 which will have processing time of 6 months.

    What is EMPP – Economic Mobility Pathways Pilot?

    The Economic Mobility Pathways Pilot (EMPP) combines economic immigration and refugee resettlement.

    It is a pathway for helping talented refugees move to Canada using existing economic immigration programs and provide Canadian employers access to a fresh pool of competent people to fill job opportunities.

    What is the 2023 2025 Canada immigration plan?

    New Canada immigration levels plan of 2023 2025 plans to accept 465,000 new immigrants in 2023, followed by 485,000 in 2024 and 500,000 in 2025.

    Canada immigration news

  • Latest Express Entry Draw Issues 7,000 Invitations For All Programs

    Today, IRCC Express Entry Draw issues again a record 7,000 invitations to apply (ITAs) for permanent residency (PR) in a surprise round of invitations for all the categories.

    The Cutoff score drops by 6 points to 484 in the “no program specified” Express Entry draw today.

    Full details of the Express Entry draw today:

    • Date and time of round: March 23,2023 12:27:59 UTC
    • Immigration Program: No Program Specified
    • Number of invitations issued: 7,000
    • Rank required to be invited to apply: 7,000 or above
    • CRS score of lowest-ranked candidate invited: 484
    • Tie-breaking rule: May 19,2022 06:48:41 UTC

    IRCC will complete the process of sending out all the invitations by end of the day tomorrow, March 24, 2023.

    “No program specified” Express Entry draws consider all the Express Entry profiles from the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), Canadian Experience Class (CEC), and Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP).

    Moreover, profiles with a provincial nomination are eligible for this all program draw.

    Today’s cut off is just in alignment with our last week’s prediction as per the analysis based on CRS score distribution in the Express Entry pool.

    The next draw is predicted to declare a cut off score of roughly around 480 for no program draws and 671 for PNP only draws.

    After the first quarter of 2023, the IRCC will be beginning targeted Express Entry draws with new proposed categories. Learn more here.

    Below is the CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of March 22, 2023.

    CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of March 22, 2023

    Latest Express Entry Draw CRS Score distribution March 23

    Latest Express Entry processing times as of March 23

    Below are the official IRCC processing times for Express Entry as of March 23, 2023.

    • Canadian Experience Class – 12 months
    • Federal Skilled Worker Program – 30 months
    • Federal Skilled Trades Program – 70 months
    • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) via Express Entry – 11 months

  • Canada Population 2023 Approaches 40 Million Due To Immigration

    Canada population is estimated to be at 39,566,248 as on January 1, 2023, following a record population rise of 1,050,110 individuals from January 1, 2022 to January 1, 2023.

    Canada’s real-time population clock displayed total population of 39,732,937 as on March 23, 2023.

    Canada Population 2023

    This is the first 12-month period in Canadian history in which the population increased by more than one million people, and the greatest annual population growth rate (+2.7%) on record since 1957 (+3.3%).

    Canada continues to dominate the G7 countries in population growth in 2022.

    Canada’s population rose by 273,893 (+0.7%) from October 1 to December 31, 2022, marking the fourth quarter of 2022.

    This was the best fourth-quarter growth rate since the same time in 1956 (+0.7%). During the fourth quarter of 2022, immigration accounted for virtually all of the rise (97.7%).

    This quarter witnessed the greatest projected net new non-permanent residents (+196,262) of any fourth quarter for which comparable statistics exist, with 83,152 immigrants added.

    As per Statistics Canada report, temporary immigration is the most important source of growth in Canada.

    Canada accepted 437,180 immigrants in 2022, with a net increase in non-permanent residents anticipated at 607,782.

    Both of these figures are the highest on record, indicating greater immigration objectives and a milestone-breaking year for immigration application processing at IRCC.

    The net expected number of non-permanent temporary residents in all provinces and territories increased year-over-year in 2022.

    Number of new work and study permits as well as the number of asylum seekers increased across Canada in 2022.

    Latest Canada Population 2023 (Estimated)

    GeographyTotal PopulationNet ChangePercentage Change
    Canada 39,566,2481,050,1102.73%
    British Columbia5,399,118147,5402.81%
    Nova Scotia1,037,78235,3413.53%
    New Brunswick825,47426,2293.28%
    Newfoundland and Labrador531,9489,4471.81%
    Prince Edward Island173,9547,0964.25%
    Northwest Territories45,493-217-0.47%
    Nunavut 40,6926891.72%

    Interprovincial Migration In 2022

    In total 396,281 Canadians changed their usual place of residence and moved to another province.

    Alberta continues to be the top gainer in net interprovincial migration, with Canadian residents moving to the province for better prospects.

    Ontario being the largest province by area and population, lost net 52,017 residents to interprovincial migration.

    GeographyIn-MigrantsOut-MigrantsNet Change
    Nova Scotia28,92816,71112,217
    New Brunswick22,56213,2739,289
    Newfoundland and Labrador9,5327,2132,319
    Prince Edward Island6,28741892098
    British Columbia69,78869,307481
    Northwest Territories18562756-900

  • New Minimum Wage In Canada And 5 Provinces Effective April 1

    On April 1, 2023, the federal new minimum wage in Canada will increase from $15.55 to $16.65 per hour in order to keep up with inflation.

    As a result, about 26,000 Canadian workers who make less than the current wage will benefit from the raise.

    The federal minimum wage in Canada is mandated for all federally regulated private sectors, including banking, postal and courier services, as well as interprovincial air, rail, road, and maritime transportation.

    Furthermore, employees in these sectors get higher rate if their provincial or territory minimum pay is greater than the federal minimum wage.

    The federal minimum wage in Canada is revised every year on April 1 based on the Consumer Price Index (inflation).

    Previously, the federal minimum wage increased from $15 in 2021 to $15.55 on April 1, 2022.

    The April 2023 hike in minimum wage is double ($1.10) as compared to that $0.55 raise last year.

    New Minimum Wage In Canada Provinces Effective April 1

    Apart from the rise in federal minimum wage in Canada, Manitoba and Yukon will also increase their provincial minimum wage effective April 1, 2023.

    Minimum wage in Manitoba will increase by $0.65 to $14.15 per hour.

    Manitoba’s minimum wage was increased on October 1, 2022 from $11.95 to $13.50 per hour.

    Now Manitoba will revert to yearly changes based on province CPI, and it is anticipated that on October 1, 2023, the hourly wage will again increase to $15 per hour.

    Furthermore, minimum wage in Yukon will also increase by $1.05 to $16.77 per hour.

    Nova Scotia minimum wage is also set to increase to $14.50 per hour.

    New Brunswick new minimum wage effective April 1, 2023 will be $14.75 per hour, up from $13.75.

    The minimum wage will also rise for Newfoundland & Labrador by 80 cents per hour on April 1, 2023, reaching $14.50 per hour.

    New Minimum Wage In Canada

    Below listed are the latest minimum wage in Canada as of April 1, 2023.

    GeographyMinimum Wage Per HourNext Raise
    Canada (Federally regulated private sectors)$16.65April 1, 2024
    Ontario$15.50October 1, 2023
    Manitoba $14.15October 1, 2023
    New Brunswick $14.75April 1, 2024 (Expected)
    Nova Scotia $14.50October 1, 2023
    Saskatchewan$13.00October 1, 2023
    Newfoundland & Labrador$14.50October 1, 2023
    Alberta $15.00To Be Decided (TBD)
    British Columbia $15.65To Be Decided (TBD)
    Quebec $14.25May 1, 2023
    Nunavut$16.00To Be Decided (TBD)
    Prince Edward Island$14.50October 1, 2023
    Northwest Territories $15.20September 1, 2023
    Yukon$16.77April 1, 2024

    What is Canada’s minimum wage 2023?

    $16.65 per hour is the new minimum wage effective April 1, 2023 applicable to for all federally regulated private sectors. The federal regulated private sectors include banking, postal and courier services, as well as interprovincial air, rail, road, and maritime transportation.

    What is the highest minimum wage in Canada?

    Yukon has the highest minimum wage at $16.77 per hour, followed by Federal minimum wage that is $16.65 per hour, and Nunavut which has the minimum wage of $16 per hour.

    What is minimum wage Ontario 2023 and when will it increase?

    Starting in 2022, the minimum wage rates may rise yearly on October 1st. The new rates that will take effect on October 1 will be released no later than April 1.

    Currently, $15.50 is the minimum wage in Ontario.

    What is the minimum wage in British Columbia?

    $15.65 effective since June 1, 2022

    Federally regulated private sectors

    • air transportation, including airlines, airports, aerodromes and aircraft operations
    • banks, including authorized foreign banks
    • grain elevators, feed and seed mills, feed warehouses and grain-seed cleaning plants
    • First Nations band councils and Indigenous self-governments (certain activities)
    • most federal Crown corporations, for example, Canada Post Corporation
    • port services, marine shipping, ferries, tunnels, canals, bridges and pipelines (oil and gas) that cross international or provincial borders
    • postal and courier services
    • radio and television broadcasting
    • railways that cross provincial or international borders and some short-line railways
    • road transportation services, including trucks and buses, that cross provincial or international borders
    • telecommunications, such as, telephone, Internet, telegraph and cable systems
    • uranium mining and processing and atomic energy
    • any business that is vital, essential or integral to the operation of one of the above activities
    • Federally regulated public sector (parts II and IV of the Code only):
      • the federal public service
      • Parliament (such as, the Senate, the House of Commons and the Library of Parliament)
    • Private-sector firms and municipalities in Yukon, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut (part I of the Code only)

    Minimum wage in Canada 2023
    Canada Minimum wages 2023
  • International Nurses To Benefit From Easy Licensing In Nova Scotia

    The NSCN has announced a first-of-its-kind licensing procedure for registered nurses (RNs) moving Nova Scotia from other Canadian provinces as well as from 7 countries.

    These 7 countries include Philippines, India, Nigeria, USA, UK, Australia, or New Zealand.

    NSCN (Nova Scotia College of Nursing) is the the provincial regulatory authority responsible for licensure and maintaining professional standards.

    RNs from these countries with good standing and character will be eligible for registration and licensure in Nova Scotia immediately with no additional requirements in May 2023.

    RNs from the above listed 7 countries and other Canadian provinces will only have to pass the NCLEX (National Council Licensure Examination).

    As per the official press release, the new method for registration and licensing for nurses will help in achieving below:

    • Effective March 29, 2023 the total processing time for RNs who have valid licences from another Canadian province will reduce from five days to 24 hours.
    • Effective May 1, 2023 the duration of the whole application procedure for international RNs (who are in good standing) from the Philippines, India, Nigeria, USA, UK, Australia, and New Zealand will decrease from nearly a year to a few weeks.
      • RNs from these countries will be able to submit their applications directly to NSCN.

    These seven nations account for 87% of the current overseas applicants to NSCN.

    • Philippines – 42% 
    • India – 25% 
    • Nigeria – 10% 
    • USA – 6% 
    • UK – 4% 
    • 23 other countries – 13% 

    In 2022, the NSCN enrolled more foreign RNs than it did in any of the preceding three years combined.

    As a licensed practical nurse, registered nurse, or nurse practitioner in 2022, the NSCN registered and licensed 282 foreign RNs.

    Please note this is NOT an immigration program, rather easing of licensure for internationally trained RNs planning on moving/immigrating to Nova Scotia.

    “I am pleased to share what is truly a first-in-the-country approach to licensing international and Canadian nurses in Nova Scotia. The new approach will significantly decrease licensing time; increase licensure of nurses; reduce administrative requirements; and is aligned with new initiatives of health care partners. It’s a safe and faster process for nurses who want to work in our province, which is a good news story for all Nova Scotians.” 

    Sue Smith, CEO and Registrar of the Nova Scotia College of Nursing

    Click here for more details on new registrant portal.

    Nova Scotia nurses
  • Canada Announces New Open Work Permit For Turkish & Syrian Nationals

    Today, immigration minister of Canada, the Honourable Sean Fraser announced new measures to support Turkish and Syrian temporary residents.

    Effective from March 29, 2023 nationals of Türkiye and Syria will benefit from below listed new measures:

    • extension of temporary status (study, work or visitor) within Canada free of charge.
    • priority processing of immigration applications submitted by earthquake victims
    • new open work permit of up to 3 years for temporary residents already in Canada.
    • easier transition between temporary residents statuses.
    • no requirement of passports and travel document requirements for the Canadian permanent residence applicants outside Canada.
    • For Canadian citizens and permanent residents in Turkey and Syria, there will be no costs for temporary passports, passports with restricted validity, emergency travel papers, Canadian citizenship certificates, or permanent resident travel documents.

    Applications for temporary residency from the impacted areas, both new and old, as well as applications for permanent residence, including applications for refugee resettlement, are all being processed on a priority basis.

    This includes requests for visiting visas for members of a person’s immediate family who are Canadian citizens or permanent residents so they can visit their loved ones.

    The purpose of these new immigration measures announced today is to assist Turkish and Syrian temporary residents who may not be able to leave Canada at this time owing to the devastation caused by the recent earthquakes in the area.

    Over 16,000 applicants have applications being processed in Turkey and Syria as of February 8, 2023.

    Among them, about 1,700 (750 permanent residents and 920 temporary residents) came from the earthquake-affected region.

    These new measures will stay in effect until September 25, 2023.

    As part of its resettlement programme, Canada is also collaborating with UN partners in the region to offer temporary housing to refugees who have been negatively affected while they wait for their applications to be reviewed.

    Further details on how to apply for these new measures will be accessible on the IRCC website in the upcoming weeks.

    Canad Immigration Minister March 18
  • New Express Entry Draw Sent Record 7,000 PR Invites

    Today, IRCC sent out record 7,000 invitations to apply (ITAs) for permanent residency (PR) through the new “no program specified” Express Entry Draw.

    This is the largest all program Express Entry draw ever.

    The Express Entry profiles with Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score of 490 or above received the invitations.

    The information about today’s Express Entry draw is as follows:

    • No Program Specified
    • Number of invitations issued: 7,000
    • Rank required to be invited to apply: 7,000 or above
    • Date and time of round: March 15, 2023 17:08:16 UTC
    • CRS score of lowest-ranked candidate invited: 490
    • Tie-breaking rule: February 16, 2023 10:33:06 UTC

    All Express Entry profiles from the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), Canadian Experience Class (CEC), and Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) are eligible for the no program specified Express Entry draws.

    Furthermore, profiles having a provincial nomination are also eligible for no program specified draw.

    The next draw is expected to declare a cut off score around 485 for no program draw and 671 for PNP only draw, based on the CRS score distribution of applicants in the Express Entry pool as of March 15, 2023.

    The IRCC will start holding targeted Express Entry draws with new suggested categories after the first quarter of 2023. Know details here.

    The table below displays the full CRS score distribution of all candidates in the Express Entry pool as of March 15, 2023.

    CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of March 15, 2023

    Express Entry CRS Score distribution - March 15

    Latest Express Entry processing times as of March 14

    As of March 14, Express Entry processing times increased for all the three categories as listed below:

    • Canadian Experience Class – 12 months
    • Federal Skilled Worker Program – 30 months
    • Federal Skilled Trades Program – 70 months
    • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) via Express Entry – 11 months

    What is Canada Express Entry System?

    The easiest and fastest method to acquire Canadian PR is through the Express Entry procedure.

    After accepting the invitation to apply (ITA) and uploading the required documents, the processing time is typically 6 months.

    The Express Entry system rates candidate profiles using the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), a points-based approach.

    An Invitation to Apply (ITA) is sent to profiles whose scores exceed the CRS cutoff in a draw. And the invited candidates then submit an application for permanent residency.

    Applications for the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), Canadian Experience Class (CEC), and Federal Skilled Trades Program are managed via the Express Entry system (FSTP).

    Candidates in the Express Entry pool who have a provincial nomination and a profile in one of the aforementioned programs get 600 additional points.

  • Full List Of High Demand Jobs In The Greater Toronto Area

    High Demand Jobs In The Greater Toronto Area: People opt to relocate to Greater Toronto Area, Canada’s largest and most diverse urban area, for a variety of reasons including job opportunities.

    Greater Toronto Area includes the City of Toronto and the regional municipalities of Durham, Halton, Peel, and York.

    Furthermore, GTA has more than 17% of total population in Canada. More the consumer, more the business, and more the job opportunities.

    This article enlists most high demand jobs in the GTA to plan your career accordingly.

    Most of these are also high demand occupations to get permanent residency (PR) via Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) or Ontario Provincial Nominee Program (PNP).

    1. Software Developer

    A software developer designs, develops, and maintains software applications for businesses and organizations.

    Average salary: $75,000 to $100,000 per year

    2. Data Analyst

    A data analyst gathers, analyses, and interprets enormous amounts of data to assist organizations in making sound decisions.

    Average salary: $60,000 to $85,000 per year.

    3. Financial Analyst

    A financial analyst analyses financial data to assist firms in making investment choices and risk management.

    Average salary: $60,000 to $85,000 per year

    4. Business Development Manager

    A business development manager is in charge of designing methods to improve a company’s client base and income.

    Average salary: $75,000 to $100,000 per year

    5. Registered Nurse

    A registered nurse cares for and treats patients in a hospital, clinic, or other healthcare facility.

    Average salary: $70,000 to $90,000 per year

    6. Project Manager

    A project manager is in charge of monitoring and managing projects from beginning to end, ensuring that they are finished on schedule and within budget.

    Average salary: $75,000 to $100,000 per year

    7. Sales Representative

    Usually, in a business-to-business (B2B) setting, a sales person promotes and sells products or services to customers.

    Average salary: $50,000 to $70,000 per year

    8. Marketing Manager

    A marketing manager is in charge of developing and implementing marketing strategies to promote a company’s goods or services. 

    Average salary: $75,000 to $100,000 per year

    9. Human Resources Manager

    A human resources manager is in charge of a company’s personnel recruiting, hiring, and management.

    Average salary: $80,000 to $100,000 per year

    10. Account Manager

    An account manager is in charge of managing and sustaining client and customer relationships in order to assure their happiness and loyalty.

    Average salary: $60,000 to $85,000 per year

    11. Web Developer

    A web developer creates websites and web applications for companies and organizations.This profession is expected to grow even further in coming years.

    Average salary: $60,000 to $85,000 per year

    12. Graphic Designer

    A graphic designer makes visual designs for a company’s products or services, such as logos and marketing materials.

    Average salary: $45,000 to $65,000 per year

    13. Electrical Engineer

    An electrical engineer is responsible for the design, development, and maintenance of electrical systems and equipment for businesses and organizations.

    Average salary: $70,000 to $100,000 per year

    14. Mechanical Engineer

    A mechanical engineer is someone who designs, develops, and maintains mechanical systems and equipment for companies and organizations.

    Average salary: $70,000 to $100,000 per year

    15. Supply Chain Manager

    A supply chain manager oversees the movement of products and services from suppliers to consumers.

    Average salary: $80,000 to $100,000 per year

    16. Operations Manager

    An operations manager is in charge of a company’s or organization’s day-to-day operations.

    Average salary: $80,000 to $100,000 per year

    17. Customer Service Manager

    A customer service manager is in charge of overseeing and developing a company’s customer service activities.

    Average salary: $60,000 to $85,000 per year

    18. IT Manager

    An IT manager is in charge of overseeing and maintaining a company’s information technology.

    Average salary: $80,000 to $100,000 per year

  • Express Entry: IRCC Has 65% More Staff Than Is Required

    A new report by the Parliamentary Budget Officer (PBO) on March 7 revealed analysis of IRCC’s Express Entry system.

    This report estimates the costs of the Federal Skilled Workers Program, the Canadian Experience Class, and the Federal Skilled Trades Program.

    Moreover, it also provided projections on IRCC staffing and meeting Express Entry processing standards to meet targets until 2027

    Furthermore, the cost includes the gross spend on processing, pre-arrival services, and settlement services on these 3 programs.

    According to the report, $792 million will be spent over the following five years to meet the target under Express Entry system.

    Moreover, this cost will be offset by $743 million in application fee revenue. As a result, there will be a net total cost of $48 million on government.

    Express Entry Cost

    In 2022-23, the net cost per accepted Permanent Resident is expected to be $91.

    Express Entry Processing

    IRCC has objective to process 80% of the Express Entry applications within 6 months of submission.

    The PBO says that existing staffing levels at IRCC will be more than adequate to fulfil the processing time objective for the next 5 years.

    Additionally, they estimate that IRCC has 65% more workers than is required to process Express Entry target in 2023.

    As the number of applications grows, this percentage will decrease year by year, eventually reaching 4% in 2026-27.

    Although, report highlights that IRCC has 65% more staff, but still Express Entry processing times are way higher than service standards.

    This is mostly due to quite a high number of applications from backlog as well as resumption of new draws.

    Express Entry Projections Until 2027

    The report highlighted that the government often exceeded its immigration objectives in the three EE streams, in past year.

    However, because the objectives are higher for 2023-2025, the PBO expects the targeted immigration levels to be reached rather than exceeded.

    Furthermore, the PBO estimates that Express Entry targets may increase 7% annually after 2025, equivalent to the annual growth rate between 2015 and 2025.

    Projected number of Express Entry stream admissions

    The report also highlights below listed points:

    • In 2020, fewer PRs were accepted through EE due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Several persons who would have immigrated in 2020 instead came in 2021, resulting in increased admittance numbers in 2021.
    • There were no draws for the three EE streams from September 2021 to July 2022. This enabled IRCC to address a backlog of applications that had accumulated during the pandemic’s early stages.
    • The immigration objectives for the EE streams in 2022 were met before the end of the year. This is not likely to happen again in the foreseeable future.

    Source: PBO Report

  • Here Are New Updated IRCC Processing Times As Of March 7

    This page includes the latest processing times reported by the IRCC as of March 7, 2023, along with a comparison to the processing times from the previous week.

    To fully comprehend what these processing timeframes mean, please read the following details carefully.

    The IRCC changed its processing tool in the beginning of 2022 so that it now provides correct data on normal processing times rather than merely service standard times.

    These processing times are intended to provide prospective immigrants and visa seekers to Canada a rough idea of how long it could take for a decision to be made on their application.

    These durations are based on information gathered over the preceding 6 months for 80% of the applications that have already been approved and are intended to provide latest weekly processing timelines.

    This does not mean that it will take the same length of time to process your application.

    This processing of your application may take longer or less time than shown because it is an average of the processing timings for 80% of the applications.

    Remember that the application processing period starts when IRCC receives it and ends when the immigration officer decides whether to accept or reject it.

    For more than a year, we have been tracking and comparing the processing timeframes for our readers as updated by the IRCC on a weekly basis.

    Citizenship & PR cards

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Citizenship grant23 monthsNo Change
    Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship)*14 monthsNo Change
    Resumption of citizenship30 months+ 6 months
    Renunciation of Citizenship14 months– 1 month
    Search of citizenship records16 monthsNo Change
    New PR card36 days– 3 Days
    PR card renewals69 days– 2 Days

    *Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship): Applications submitted outside of Canada and the United States may take longer.

    The IRCC is currently sending over acknowledgment of receipt (AOR) letters or emails to paper and online citizens who applied during the week of January 16, 2023.

    Family Sponsorship

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Spouse or common-law partner living outside Canada16 monthsNo Change
    Spouse or common-law partner living inside Canada13 months– 1 month
    Parents or Grandparents PR39 monthsNo Change

    According to the most current IRCC figures, Canada’s immigration backlog has nearly hit one million people.

    Moreover, 969,900 applications were handled within the IRCC service standard timelines. IRCC was processing around 2 million applications as of January 31, 2023.

    Canadian Passport 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted in person at Service Canada Centre – Passport services)10 business daysNo Change
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted by mail to Service Canada Centre)20 business daysNo Change
    In-Canda Urgent pick-upBy the end of next business dayNo Change
    In-Canada Express pick-up2-9 business daysNo Change
    Regular passport application mailed from outside Canada20 business daysNo Change

    Economic Class Permanent Residency Processing Time

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Canadian Experience Class (CEC)12 months– 4 months
    Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)30 months– 1 month
    Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)70 months (not updated
    this week)
    No Change
    Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) via Express Entry11 monthsNo Change
    Non-Express Entry PNP20 months– 1 month
    Quebec Skilled Workers (QSW)20 months+ 1 month
    Quebec Business Class67 monthsNo Change
    Federal Self-Employed43 months+ 1 month
    Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)24 months+ 1 month
    Start-Up Visa33 monthsNo Change

    Temporary Residence Application 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Visitor visa outside CanadaVaries by country
    India: 58 Days
    Nigeria: 376 Days
    United States: 24 Days
    Pakistan: 166 Days
    Philippines: 31 Days
    UAE: 320 Days
    Bangladesh: 185 Days
    Sri Lanka: 135 Days
    United Kingdom: 30 Days
    – 12 Days for India
    + 46 Days for Nigeria
    No Change for United States
    – 17 Days for Pakistan
    – 2 Days for Philippines
    + 2 Days for UAE
    – 18 Day for Bangladesh
    + 3 Days for Sri Lanka
    – 5 Days for UK
    Visitor visa inside CanadaOnline: 12 days
    Paper-Based: 32 days
    – 1 Day for online
    No Change for paper-based
    Parents or Grandparents Super VisaVaries by country
    India: 133 Days
    Nigeria: 396 Days
    United States: 121 Days
    Pakistan: 422 Days
    Philippines: 226 Days
    UAE: 327 Days
    Bangladesh: 253 Days
    Sri Lanka: 304 Days
    United Kingdom: 169 Days
    – 1 Day for India
    No Change for Nigeria
    – 4 Days for United States
    + 6 Days for Pakistan
    – 2 Days for Philippines
    + 13 Days for UAE
    + 4 Days for Bangladesh
    + 24 Days for Sri Lanka
    + 1 Day for UK
    Study Permit Outside Canada10 WeeksNo Change
    Visitor Extension (Visitor Record)Online: 181 days
    Paper-Based: 91 days
    + 6 Days (Online)
    – 4 Days for Paper-Based
    Study Permit Inside Canada4 WeeksNo Change
    Study Permit ExtensionOnline: 109 Days
    Paper-Based: 107 Days
    – 9 Days (Online)
    – 6 Days (Paper-Based)
    Work Permit Outside Canada*Varies by country
    India: 8 Weeks
    Nigeria: 27 Weeks
    United States: 15 Weeks
    Pakistan: 45 Weeks
    Philippines: 12 Weeks
    UAE: 42 Weeks
    Bangladesh: 30 Weeks
    Sri Lanka: 21 Weeks
    United Kingdom: 11 Weeks
    No Change for India
    No Change for Nigeria
    – 1 Week for United States
    + 2 Weeks for Pakistan
    – 2 Weeks for Philippines
    + 6 Weeks for UAE
    – 1 Week for Bangladesh
    – 1 Weeks for Sri Lanka
    – 1 Week for UK
    Work Permit Inside CanadaOnline: 156 Days
    Paper-Based: 53 Days
    – 2 Days (Online)
    – 5 Days for paper-based
    International Experience Canada (Current Season)3 Weeks+ 1 Week
    Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program (SAWP)25 Days+ 3 Days
    Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)5 minutesNo Change

    *Applications for the critical job positions are currently being prioritized. Your processing time can be longer than indicated above if you are not applying for a position in a critical occupation.

  • Victim Of Fraud; International Students In Canada Facing Removal Orders

    Several international students in Canada are facing removal orders from the Canadian immigration department.

    It is an unfortunate situation because most of these international students are actually victims of fraudulent agents.

    These agents, who without their knowledge, submitted forged documents including fake offer letters or GICs.

    Moreover, they are trapped by the outdated Canadian system since the immigration department is sending them removal order letters after 2-3 years of completion of their studies in Canada.

    The removal order letters are being sent since 2021 offering these students to appeal the removal orders.

    Some of these students are receiving letters now. According to one of the sources, the number of international students facing removal orders is in the multiple of 100s.

    Recently, in a similar case of Karamjeet Kaur, the federal court upheld the decision by Immigration Division (ID) ordering her to leave Canada.

    She now only has humanitarian and compassionate consideration of her case left.

    Ironically, she came to Canada on a study permit in 2018 and her agent in India used the fake letter to get her file processed, which she was unaware of.

    Karamjeet got a removal order in 2022 when she applied for her permanent residency (PR), 4 years after her entry to Canada.

    However, in February 2023 Federal court ruled that it was her responsibility to call the college and confirm whether the offer letter was genuine or not.

    Gaps In The Canadian Immigration System

    International students have been protesting against these removal orders and pointing out gaps in the Canadian immigration system.

    Offer letters or GICs or documents are not usually verified by students as they trust their consultants or agents back in India.

    As per students, if the offer letter or GIC or any document was fake in their study permit application, the immigration department should have pointed out it at the time of issuing a visa to Canada.

    IRCC offices in India, who are trained and experienced at catching forged documents in an applications were also deceived by the same fake documents.

    If such officials are unable detect fake documents, then how a teenager or naive young student would have caught such a scam?

    Rather, they themselves were victims of this fraud.

    Moreover, when they landed at a Canadian airport and an immigration check was done, no official were able to point out the forged documents.

    As in Karamjeet Kaur’s case, the agent told her after she landed in Canada, that he had some dispute with the college authorities, so she would have to change her college.

    Being new at such a young age in Canada, in such a situation, no one reaches out to college and confirms whether their offer letter is fake or original.

    Now that these scams are made public, definitely new students will be cautiously confirming all the documents are original or not. But at that time, nobody knew about these frauds.

    After completing their studies in Canada, international students apply to the immigration department for a post-graduation work permit (PGWP).

    Even at that point, the immigration department didn’t point out any inconsistencies and issued them work permit to legally work in Canada.

    Most of these students are receiving removal orders after 3-4 years of coming to Canada at the time they applied for permanent residency (PR) under one or another program.

    What is a removal order in these cases?

    The common word used by most people is “deportation.” Deportation is the permanent ban from returning to Canada and people cannot return unless they apply for an  Authorization to Return to Canada (ARC).

    However, most of these international students are facing an “exclusion order” because of “misrepresentation.” This means that they are removed from Canada for 5 years.

    Misrepresentation is defined as intentional or unintentional misrepresentation or withholding substantial information on a relevant topic that causes or may cause an error in decision making.

    International students now have the option to appeal their removal orders and the court will decide their fate.

    Click here to know the basis of the Federal court’s decision in the Karamjeet Kaur Canada removal order case.

  • Know How Job Offers Without LMIA Work For Express Entry

    While most employers need a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) to support your job offer for Express Entry, some jobs are LMIA-exempt. 

    However, LMIA-exempt job offers may not be as common as they have specific conditions and requirements.

    Getting an LMIA-exempt job offer depends on the type of work you do and your employer. 

    Learn below when your employer does not require an LMIA and about the jobs that are LMIA-exempt. 

    Situations when your employer does not need an LMIA 

    If you meet the following requirements, your employer does not need an LMIA to support your job offer: 

    1. You must have worked for an employer mentioned on your work permit for at least one year or have accumulated equivalent part-time experience.
    2. Have a valid job offer, and 
    3. A valid work permit which is exempt from an LMIA under: 
      • International agreement
      • Federal-provincial agreement
      • “Canadian interests” category

    If you meet the above requirements, you may be exempt from needing an LMIA under the below categories. 

    LMIA-Exempt Jobs 

    You may be excluded from needing an LMIA for Express Entry if your current temporary work is LMIA-exempt, mentions a specific employer or employers (for skilled trade jobs, up to two employers can make a job offer), and is:

    1.  Part of an international agreement, such as CUSMA or GATS, and non-trade agreements. It can include professionals, traders and investors.
    2. It is an agreement between Canada and a province or territory, including “significant investment” projects.
    3. Exempt for “Canadian interests” for the following reasons:
      • Providing “significant benefit“-if your employer can demonstrate that you will provide significant social, cultural, and economic benefit to Canada. This could include:
        • General: such as self-employed engineers, technical workers, creative and performing artists, etc
        • Workers transferred within a company, such as intra-company transferees with specialized knowledge – only those whose talents and experience will help Canada.
        • Workers who are under Mobilité francophone
      • Having Reciprocal employment- it allows foreign workers to get jobs in Canada while Canadians have similar opportunities in other countries
        • The general category includes professional coaches and athletes working for Canadian teams. 
        • International Experience Canada – it is a work-abroad program for young professionals
        • Individuals part of exchange programs such as visiting lecturers and professors 
      • Minister designated 
        • These include academic researchers, guest lecturers and visiting professors sponsored by a recognized federal program. 
        • Competitiveness and public policy 
          • fellows and medical residents 
          • Post-doctoral fellows and those who won academic awards from Canadian schools
        • Religious and charity workers, excluding volunteers 

    It is important to note that even though these jobs are exempt from LMIA, you still need a valid work permit. In addition, you must also meet the initial requirements that exempt employers from getting you an LMIA

    Source: IRCC

  • Cineplex Jobs Hiring Now For Various Locations Across Canada

    Cineplex jobs hiring now: Cineplex cinemas have more than 160 locations in different cities of Canada from Coast to Coast.

    Ever wondered what it takes to work at Cineplex or if you have a job at one of these cinemas.

    You can work part-time to earn extra cash or join the fun environment of Cineplex for a full-time job and escape from the boring work cycle.

    There are currently 159 full-time and part-time jobs at Cineplex which you can choose from.

    List of Full-Time Jobs at Cineplex

    Below listed are full-time jobs along with their links to apply. You can click on the link and apply directly on Cineplex’s official website.

    1. Technicien sur la route
      • Remote – Quebec
    2. Theatre Manager – Scotiabank Theatre St. John’s
      • St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador
    3. Theatre Manager
      • Toronto, Ontario
    4. Project Manager
      • Toronto, Ontario
    5. Theatre Manager – Cineplex Junxion, Erin Mills
      • JXN Erin Mills Mississauga, Ontario
    6. Chauffeur/Déménageur
      • Montreal, Quebec
    7. Supervisor, Back of House, LBE
      • Whitby, Ontario
    8. Director of Data Engineering and Data Governance
      • Toronto, Ontario
    9. SCENE + Digital Strategy Director
      • Toronto, Ontario
    10. Accounts Receivable Supervisor
      • Toronto, Ontario
    11. Gérant(e) – Cinéma Brossard et VIP
      • Brossard, Quebec
    12. VIP BOH Full Time Manager
      • Ottawa, Ontario
    13. Field Service Associate
      • Calgary, Alberta
    14. SCENE + Sr. Data Engineer
      • Toronto, Ontario
    15. Manager, Service
      • Calgary, Alberta
    16. Manager, VIP Back of House
      • Edmonton, Alberta
    17. Theatre Manager
      • Fredericton, New Brunswick
    18. Sous Chef
      • St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador
    19. Head Chef
      • Calgary, Alberta
    20. Restaurant Amusement Service Manager – The Rec Room Square One
      • Mississauga, Ontario
    21. Field Service Associate – GTA
      • Mississauga, Ontario
    22. Senior Manager, Partner Marketing – 18-Month Maternity Leave
      • Toronto, Ontario
    23. Service Manager
      • Avalon Mall, St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador
    24. Line Cook
      • Calgary, Alberta
    25. Hourly Dishwasher – Deerfoot The Rec Room
      • Calgary, Alberta

    List of Part-Time Jobs at Cineplex

    Here are part-time jobs to earn extra cash and beat rising inflation to some extent, along with their links to apply.

    Click here for all the 134 part-time jobs at Cineplex.

  • Canada Opens New IRCC Operation Centre For Faster Processing

    Today, IRCC announced that Canada has opened a new application processing centre in Manila, Philippines.

    This new centre is aimed at supporting the Indo-Pacific strategy for Canada immigration and to speed up the processing of immigration applications both domestically and internationally.

    There are already more than 50 IRCC visa offices spread among Canadian high commissioners, consulates, and embassies across the world.

    And, this new centre will be supported by 37 new employees to boost global immigration processing capacity and support Indo-Pacific strategy.

    The new facility is housed inside the Canadian Embassy in Manila and will help to manage the large number of visa applications received from throughout the world.

    Additionally, it will support continuing initiatives of IRCC to enhance customer service and assist in achieving Canada’s future plans of record immigration numbers.

    Canada is aiming to welcome around 1.5 million immigrants, in accordance with immigration levels plan of 2023-2025.

    960,000 individuals of Philippine origina reside in Canada, according to the census of 2021. Furthermore, an increasing number of Filipino residents come to the country to visit friends and family.

    Moreover, Canada is also one of the top choice by Filipinos to study for higher education and eventually integrate into Canadian economy.

    What is Indo-Pacific Strategy in regards to Canada Immigration

    The Indo-Pacific region is the fastest-growing economic region in the world and a large source of new immigrants for Canada.

    India, China, and the Philippines were the top three source countries for permanent residents to Canada in 2022.

    The goal of Canada’s policy is to boost the capacity for processing applications locally and throughout the Indo-Pacific region, including New Delhi, Chandigarh, Islamabad, and Manila, with an initial expenditure of $74.6 million over five years.

    With such a huge investment specifically for Indo-Pacific strategy, it is clearly evident how important this region is for Canada immigration.

    These new resources will assist ongoing efforts to manage the huge amount of visa applications from the Indo-Pacific area, bringing more individuals to Canada—whether for visits, studies, employment, or permanent immigration—and doing so more promptly.

    Sean Fraser on new operations centre in Manila

  • New Express Entry Draw Today Invites 667 PNP Profiles

    Express Entry Draw today issued 667 invitations to apply (ITAs) for permanent residency (PR), targeting the profiles having a provincial nomination.

    Invitations were sent to Express Entry profiles with a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score of 748 or above.

    This means Express Entry profiles having just the score of 148 + 600 points from provincial nomination were invited in this draw.

    The CRS cut off score has reduced by only 43 points as compared to February 15 Express Entry PNP draw.

    Below are the details of Express Entry draw announced today:

    • Provincial Nominee Program
    • Number of invitations issued: 667
    • Rank required to be invited to apply: 667 or above
    • Date and time of round: March 01, 2023, at 17:24:39 UTC
    • CRS score of lowest-ranked candidate invited: 748
    • Tie-breaking rule: December 12, 2022, at 10:48:12 UTC

    Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) Express Entry draws include all Express Entry profiles from the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), Canadian Experience Class (CEC), and the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) with an approved nomination from one of the Canadian provinces.

    According to the CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of March 1, 2023, the next draw is expected to be no program specified or FSW or CEC targeted draw.

    Reason is because only 606 profiles have a CRS score of 601-1200. Furthermore, there are only 2,129 profiles having a CRS score between 501-600.

    We hope that this next draw comes later today or tomorrow similar to the FSW draw announced on February 2 after the PNP draw on February 1.

    After the first quarter of 2023, the IRCC may begin conducting targeted Express Entry draws with new proposed categories.

    Full CRS score distribution of applicants in the Express Entry pool as of March 1, 2023 is shown below.

    CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of March 1, 2023

    Express Entry draw today

    Latest processing time for Express Entry as of February 28

    As of February 28, Express Entry processing times increased for all the three categories as listed below:

    • Canadian Experience Class – 16 months
    • Federal Skilled Worker Program – 31 months
    • Federal Skilled Trades Program – 70 months
    • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) via Express Entry – 11 months

    Canada Express Entry Draws

    DateImmigration programInvitations issuedCRS Score Cut-Off
    February 15, 2023Provincial Nominee Program699791
    February 2, 2023Federal Skilled Worker3,300489
    February 1, 2023Provincial Nominee Program893733
    January 18, 2023No Program Specified5,500490
    January 11, 2023No Program Specified5,500507
    November 23, 2022No Program Specified4,750491
    November 9, 2022No Program Specified4,750494
    October 26, 2022No Program Specified4,750496
    October 12, 2022No Program Specified4,250500
    September 28, 2022No Program Specified3,750504
    September 14, 2022No Program Specified3,250510
    August 31, 2022No Program Specified2,750516
    August 17, 2022No Program Specified2,250525
    August 3, 2022No Program Specified2,000533
    July 20, 2022No Program Specified1,750542
    July 6, 2022No Program Specified1,500557
    June 22, 2022Provincial Nominee Program636752
    June 8, 2022Provincial Nominee Program932796
    May 25, 2022Provincial Nominee Program590741
    May 11, 2022Provincial Nominee Program545753
    April 27, 2022Provincial Nominee Program829772
    April 13, 2022Provincial Nominee Program787782
    March 30, 2022Provincial Nominee Program919785
    March 16, 2022Provincial Nominee Program924754
    March 2, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,047761
    February 16, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,082710
    February 2, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,070674

    What is Canada Express Entry System?

    The Express Entry system is the quickest way to become a permanent resident (PR) of Canada.

    It has a usual processing period of 6 months after accepting the invitation to apply (ITA) and submitting documents.

    The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), a points-based system, is used to score applicant profiles in the Express Entry system.

    Profiles with a score greater than the CRS cut off declared in a draw are sent an Invitation to Apply (ITA), which invites them to apply for permanent residency.

    The Express Entry system manages applications for the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), Canadian Experience Class (CEC), and Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP).

    Applicants in the Express Entry pool with profiles in one of the aforementioned programs and a provincial nomination receive 600 extra points.

    Express Entry Frequently Asked Questions

    Is TEER 3 Eligible For Express Entry system?

    Yes, TEER 0, 1, 2, and 3 are eligible for Express Entry system.

  • Canada May Soon Introduce The New One-Click Citizenship Oath

    Beginning in as soon as June 2023, new citizens of Canada may be able to take the oath without the necessity for a citizenship judge.

    The Canada Gazette published on February 25, 2023 in regards to regulations amending the citizenship regulations (Oath of Citizenship).

    This amendment is now open for a 30-day consultation period until March 27, 2023 and can come into force around June 2023 after consultation process is completed.

    Critics believe that this will cheapen the processing of citizenship oath as swearing an oath has been a legal condition of becoming a citizen in this country since 1947.

    In this oath, citizenship candidates make a solemn promise to uphold Canadian laws and fulfil their responsibilities as citizens.

    As reported by Toronto Star, Daniel Bernhard (CEO of the Institute for Canadian Citizenship) criticizes this move.

    He says it will be as easy as to just read and click the terms and conditions to take oath of citizenship, as it has been to create any social media accounts such as Facebook or TikTok.

    Latest statement by the immigration department says that new citizens would now be able to complete the requirements of citizenship by signing a written attestation online without a witness.

    However, applicants would still have the choice to do so in front of a citizenship judge.

    What Are The Exact Proposed Amendments?

    Below are simplified version of official amendments to citizenship regulations.

    • Any person (at least 14 years old) on the day they are given citizenship must, at the Minister’s invitation, take the oath of citizenship, whether in or outside of Canada,
      • through the means that the Minister makes accessible or specifies for that purpose; or
      • before the Minister, a person authorized in writing by the Minister to act on the Minister’s behalf, or a citizenship judge.
    • An individual shall be delivered the citizenship certificate after they have taken the oath of citizenship.
    • While taking the oath of citizenship as per the above listed regulation, the individual must sign the document provided by the Minister, verifying that they have taken the oath.
    • Any person who has been granted citizenship may take the oath of citizenship in front of
      • the Minister,
      • a person the Minister has authorized in writing to act on their behalf,
      • as well as a citizenship judge
    Canada Citizenship Ceremony February 2023

    February 14, 2023 Citizenship Oath Ceremony

    Why new changes?

    New statistics shows a 20-year decline in citizenship uptake, which could be the biggest reason for the proposed adjustment.

    Lesser permanent residents are now converting to Canadian citizens.

    Just 45.7% of permanent residents became citizens as per 2021 census, down from 60% in 2016 and 75.1% in 2001.

    Although, the number of citizenship applications granted yearly having increased dramatically over the previous 5 years from 113,000 to 243,000.

    But, the processing time for citizenship has doubled during the pandemic compared to the previous 12-month service standard.

    As per IRCC data dated January 31, 2023 – there were total of 303,000 citizenship applications under processing.

    Out of these, 83,000 applications were still being processed after exceeding the normal service standard. While 220,000 are still being processed under normal service standards.

About Kamal Deep Singh, RCIC 611 Articles
Kamal Deep Singh, RCIC (Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant) licensed by CICC (formerly known as ICCRC) with member number R708618. He brings extensive knowledge of immigration law and new changes to rapidly evolving IRCC.