Via Rail Jobs

VIA Rail Jobs Hiring Now For Toronto And Montreal Locations


VIA Rail Canada is hiring for On-Train Service Attendants for Toronto and Montreal Terminals. It is an excellent opportunity for people with experience in hospitality, food restaurants, or airline companies and looking for entry level jobs.

The position requires customer service, such as greeting people on board, answering their needs and showing sincere appreciation for their business. The job pays $26.26 per hour. 

What’s more? You even get paid training along with several benefits. Learn about the position details, requirements and how to apply below. 

Position Summary for Toronto candidates

  • Job Title: On-Train Service Attendant 
  • Job Category: Customer Service 
  • Hourly Rate: $26.26
  • Number of positions to fill: 12
  • Application deadline: November 30, 2022

Position Summary for Montreal candidates

  • Job Title: On-Train Service Attendant 
  • Job Category: Customer Service 
  • Hourly Rate: $26.26
  • Number of positions to fill: 12
  • Application deadline: December 2, 2022


Benefits

  • Competitive $26.26 hourly rate
  • generous pay and benefits package
  • Paid training 
  • A supportive and close group of coworkers 
  • A workplace that promotes employee health and happiness
  • Employees and their families can take advantage of various health and wellness benefits, including complete telemedicine service.
  • An employer who values equity and offers possibilities for advancement
  • An opportunity to be a part of a sustainable transportation service that connects Canadian communities.

The paid training sessions begin on January 16, 2023, and last approximately seven weeks. You must complete the training session successfully to obtain the position. 

Travel requirements

If you apply to work in Montreal Terminal as an On-Train Service Attendant, you may need to travel to Ottawa, Toronto, Quebec City, Jonquière and Senneterre.

Similarly, if you apply to work in Toronto Terminal, you would have to travel from Toronto to Windsor, Niagara and Montreal. 

Responsibilities and duties

As an On-Train Service Attendant, some of your daily duties will include the following: 

  • Ensure that every traveller receives exceptional, professional service.
  • Provide safety instructions 
  • Escort passengers on their journey and help them with their luggage
  • Offer, provide and serve food and drinks, including meat and alcohol. 
  • Sell refreshments and snacks 
  • Maintain the cleanliness of the work areas and the restrooms.
  • During each journey, pay attention to the little things.

Job schedule 

The position requires you to travel, and below is how much you may need to travel:  

  • On-call schedules that are variable, including weekends and holidays (bonuses for statutory holidays)
  • Away from home travel for each trip where each trip may last for one to three days 
  • Long-distance trips include accommodation and meals.

Job Requirements

To be eligible for this position, you have to meet the following requirements: 

  • Greet customers and can communicate in English and French 
  • Hold a high school diploma. 
  • Possess the physical ability to repeatedly handle loads of up to 23 kg (50 lb.). 
  • Have at least one year of customer service experience, preferably in the food service industry, restaurant, or as a flight attendant for an airline

How to apply? 

To apply, you must create an account using your email if you are a new candidate. Then, fill out your details such as identification, contact information, educational background, experience, availability, language ability and position questionnaire. 

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  • Childcare In Canada – Here Is All You Need To Know!

    The journey might sound too overwhelming if you are getting permanent residency of Canada, starting a new life and have kids. As a parent, childcare is usually the top priority. Everyone wants to provide their child with the best care. However, it is also essential to manage the costs and ensure that the childcare service is top quality. 

    So, if you have a child or are planning on having one, you are in the right place. This article lists the many childcare options in Canada. Also, it helps you understand the costs so that you can plan your budget accordingly. Moreover, it will also help you choose a service that is best suited to your needs.

    Types of child care in Canada

    In Canada, there are many options available for child care. A few examples of these are – daycare centres, home daycare, nannies, and preschools. Some of the services are regulated while others might be unregulated.

    Regulated services are monitored, licensed, and regulated by provincial and territorial authorities. Examples of these are full-day childcare, home child care, and school-age child care.

    On the other hand, unregulated child care is provided either in the caregiver’s or the child’s own home. In such cases, it is the parent’s responsibility to assess the quality of child care provided.

    Moreover, you will have to manage your relationship with the caregiver. Listed below are the different kinds of child care in Canada – 

    childcare in canada

    Full-day child care centres

    These centres are inspected regularly by government officials. Full-day child care should be licensed and meet the province’s regulations. These include group size, staff training requirements, physical space, nutrition, health and safety, and so on.  Any childcare centre that is not licensed cannot operate anywhere in Canada.

    Part-day programs

    These programs are regulated in almost all provinces through the same licensing systems as full-day programs. However, some requirements may be different. Also, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, and Yukon allow unlicensed part-day programs. Examples of such programs are nursery schools or preschools.

    School-age programs

    These programs are regulated in all provinces, usually up to age 12. However, starting age and specific requirements for school-age programs vary. Some before and after-school programs, recreational and skill-building programs, as well as programs for young school-aged children during summers and school holidays are not required to be licensed

    Regulated family child care (home child care)

    This program is available in all provinces. It is provided to a group of children in a caregiver’s own home. In some provinces, regulated family childcare homes are inspected or monitored by a government official.

    They make regular visits. Some regulations in this program include the physical environment, number of children by age, record keeping, nutrition, health and safety, and also sometimes caregiver training.



    Cost of childcare in Canada

    Child care is expensive in Canada and varies by province. So, it often becomes a challenge to find affordable child care. The monthly cost can be around $179 to $1,934 CAD depending on the province.

    In Quebec, Prince Edward Island, Manitoba, and Newfoundland, and Labrador half of the childcare spaces are at a provincially-set fee. Child care in Toronto is the most expensive.

    Also, Markham, Mississauga, Oakville, Richmond Hill, and Vaughan, all cities in the GTA (Greater Toronto Area) follow with the highest median fees for childcare. The cities with the lowest fees for infant care are in Quebec. Winnipeg also has affordable childcare. 

    How to find a perfect childcare option 

    Listed below are the steps you should take to find childcare that best suits your situation – 

    • Search for Child Care Services in your city. You can find them on your city’s website or the province’s Ministry of Education website. This will provide you with a list of licensed centers in your neighborhood.
    • Choose the location that best suits for based on your work location or home. Ask about their hours of operation. See if they match the days and times when you’ll need childcare
    • Check the environment of the childcare. It should be welcoming, safe, and child friendly. 
    • Confirm that the provider is licensed, regulated, or monitored by the government. Confirm their qualifications. See if the staff is trained in providing emergency first aid.
    • Lastly, ask about the fees and see if it fits your budget. 

    Tips for newcomers to Canada

    Here are a few tips for newcomers- 

    Budgeting – It is important to budget your expenses. Note down all your monthly costs. This will help you better plan your finances and choose the right kind of childcare program. Also, this helps you decide if you should go for private or public care. For example, hiring a nanny may prove to be slightly more cost-effective if you have two or more kids. 

    Grants – The federal government offers Canada Child Benefit to families with children. This grant provides a tax-free monthly payment to all eligible families living in Canada to assist with the cost of raising children under the age of 18. You should apply for these grants. 

    Subsidies – All provinces provide childcare subsidies. However, the criteria, limits, and options may vary depending on the province. You should consider this. You can Reach out to your nearest newcomer settlement centre for assistance.


  • Express Entry Glitch Invited Some Ineligible Profiles In Latest Draw

    With the implementation of the new TEER system on November 16, IRCC Express Entry management system has reflected several glitches. In addition, many lawyers and immigration specialist have voiced their concerns about the ongoing IRCC glitches. 

    Certain Express Entry profiles didn’t receive an invitation to apply (ITA) in November 23 draw; although, they had CRS score above the declared cut off. While some ineligible profiles got the invite because some profiles received additional CRS points that they were not entitled to.

    This article highlights some of the glitches in the Express Entry system that has affected the system after implementation of new TEER system on November 16. 



    Glitches in the Express Entry system

    Ottawa based Immigration lawyer Tamara Mosher-Kuczer highlighted some of the glitches in the Express Entry system. She mentions that since November 16, there have been “serious” Express Entry glitches. 

    As a result of these glitches, some applicants did not receive an invitation to apply in the latest Express Entry draw, which has had severe consequences for some applicants. 

    “IRCC should own up to the errors, apologize to those in the pool, and ideally find some way to rectify for those seriously impacted,” says Tamara.

    The applicants who did not receive an invitation in the latest Express Entry draw had a Comprehensive Ranking Score (CRS) above the minimum required score to receive an invitation. However, they were not invited. 

    Another glitch was that the applicants did not get the points for their spouse’s Canadian work experience. Generally, applicants receive 70 CRS points for a spouse’s Canadian work experience. 

    Furthermore, some applicants were marked eligible for the Canadian Experience Class and received an invitation to apply, but they did not possess the Canadian work experience to be eligible. 

    In addition, certain applicants received additional CRS points that they were not qualified for and were invited to apply based on those invalid scores. 

    IRCC is yet to respond to glitches

    IRCC is yet to respond to these ongoing glitches. Recently, several applications process has been moved online for faster processing. Yet, they continue to pose problems in the portal. 

    Good news is that certain Express Entry profiles just got lucky because of the above mentioned glitch. However, bad news is that certain deserving Express Entry profiles were left out in the latest Express Entry draw.

    We will continue to update you if there is any future update on the ongoing glitches in the Express Entry system to help you prepare for your immigration journey. 


  • Recommendations To Improve Canada Immigration Made By CIMM

    The Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration (CIMM) released a report, Promoting Fairness in Canada Immigration Decisions, where the Committee investigated visa outcomes in the immigration system. Upon examination, they found the system systematically and unjustifiably disfavours particular groups based on race and country of origin.

    As a result, the Committee makes wide-ranging suggestions to improve the immigration system, which consistently disadvantages some groups depending on race and country of origin.

    After hearing from several immigration advocates, lawyers, and settlement agency staff, the House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration decided to examine the immigration system. 



    CIMM’s Key recommendations for the immigration system 

    IRCC will share their response to the CIMM report and recommendations in a few months. Meanwhile, below are the key recommendations:

    • Visa officers should record applicant interviews to prevent miscommunication.
    • Ottawa should expand the extraordinary measures already available to Ukrainians, such as the provision allowing for the sponsorship of extended family members to people from other nations and regions experiencing humanitarian crises.
    • The Canadian government should establish a separate monitoring body responsible for the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), whose mandate should include dealing with racism and complaints concerning the agency. 
    • Immediate implementation of an Anti-Racism Quality Assurance process for decisions made by visa officers to investigate the impact of individual bias and systemic racism on decisions and refusal rates at visa offices
    • Requesting that Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) dedicate more resources to process caregiver permanent residency applications from all streams faster. 

    As per IRCC, they train all officers to assess all applications equally and use the same criteria regardless of their country of origin. With the upcoming reports, they are looking to examine the impact on racialized applicants and minority community members. 

    CIMM highlights longer wait times in application processing 

    According to the Committee’s information, waiting for durations for various refugee groups may differ depending on shifting government priorities and quotas.

    A non-denominational charitable group called Remember Ministries’ executive director, Jennifer Miedema informed the Committee that fund allocation tells you where priorities are placed or who are the favoured demographics.

    Miedema says that “the uneven distribution of delays equals the uneven distribution of suffering,” adding that even holding out hope for final resettlement could be harmful over a prolonged period of waiting and delay.

    Further, she explains the impact on refugees, as their hopes are raised when they submit their applications, but they need to wait for a year or two without any response. As a result, it has a heavy impact on their mental health. 

    According to the Parliamentary Committee, the government should raise the overall number of refugees it welcomes to Canada during a crisis rather than backtrack on or delay receiving those whose applications are currently on hold. 

    They also want a complete racial equity assessment of Canada’s immigration and refugee system and to allocate more resources to process and give priority to privately sponsored refugees. 

    An increasing number of federal appeals 

    The number of people requesting federal appeals to become new Canadians has increased seven times in the last three years. 

    The court system is becoming overburdened with these judicial requests to contest allegedly unjust decisions made by visa officers and procedural delays. These applications are a judicial remedy in the immigration context that compels the IRCC to carry out a public legal obligation owed to an applicant.

    The recording of candidate interviews has been recommended as a potential solution to help with court-ordered redeterminations of unsuccessful applications. According to Vancouver-based immigration lawyer Victor Ing, IRCC needs to be more transparent and honest with clients to avoid more mandamus applications.

    Next, the Committee highlighted the increased wait times in the caregiver program. 

    The caregiver Program has the longest wait times

    The Live-in Caregiver Program saw some of the longest wait times before and after the pandemic. For example, the average time to process caregiver visas in 2020 was about 57 months and two days. While in 2021, the wait time was 68 months plus one day to process applications. 

    As a result, 15,621 applications were pending or anticipated to be pending in the Home Child-Care Provider Pilot backlog as of December 31, 2021. In addition, there were 1,639 more applications in the Live-in Care Program’s database.

    Arlene Ruiz, a licensed and regulated immigration consultant and a recruiter from Alexene Immigration & Employment Services, informed the Committee that many caregivers are from the Philippines. For them, the delays in application processing cause breakdowns in their marriages and children growing out of their dependent status. 

    Immigration attorney Steven Meurrens also mentions that the IRCC lacks transparency, which adds to the problem. For example, the processing times mentioned on IRCC are inaccurate. Further, the Access to Information Act shows that there have been no caregiver files processed since 2019.

    Following this month’s announcement by the federal Minister of Immigration, Sean Fraser, that Canada aims to settle 500,000 new immigrants by 2025, a new report by the Parliament has been released.

    The announcement comes after a record-breaking year for immigration to Canada in 2021, when more than 405,000 people arrived. The nation is also dealing with an unprecedented backlog of visa applications, with 2.2 million being processed by IRCC as of this month.

    Source: CIMM Report


  • Know Latest Average Weekly Earnings In Canada & All The Provinces

    On November 24, 2022 – Statistics Canada released September 2022 data for average weekly earnings in Canada and all provinces. Due to administrative steps that lead to the collection and compilation of data from our widely dispersed Canada, this data is typically delayed by two months.

    In September 2022, the number of employees receiving pay or benefits from their employer increased by 85,300 (+0.5%), according to the Survey of Employment, Payrolls, and Hours. Average weekly earnings in Canada is at $1,175.37, an increase of 3.5% year-on-year.

    Overall, the payroll employment were largest in Quebec (+39,100; +1.0%), Ontario (+15,300; +0.2%), British Columbia (+10,500; +0.4%) and Alberta (+10,400; +0.5%). The only province to see a decrease in payroll employment was Newfoundland and Labrador (-900; -0.4%).

    Overall, average weekly earnings increased by 3.5% year on year in September 2022, slightly higher than the 3.2% increase in August. Below are the province-wise and industry-wise weekly earnings as per Statistics Canada.

    Industry-Wise Weekly Earnings in Canada (Including overtime) – September 2022

    IndustryAverage Weekly Earnings
    Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction2304.44
    Utilities1927.56
    Finance and insurance1724.12
    Professional, scientific and technical services1639.86
    Information and cultural industries1621.54
    Public administration1532.19
    Management of companies and enterprises1493.67
    Construction1456.61
    Forestry, logging and support1411.59
    Wholesale trade1399.45
    Manufacturing1248.50
    Transportation and warehousing1226.55
    Real estate and rental and leasing1204.10
    Sector aggregate1175.37
    Educational services1145.01
    Health care and social assistance1016.67
    Other services (excluding public administration)981.10
    Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services952.89
    Arts, entertainment and recreation729.04
    Retail trade704.73
    Accommodation and food services468.30


    Province-Wise Weekly Earnings in Canada

    GeographyWeekly Earnings Sep 2022Weekly Earnings Aug 2022
    Nunavut$1593.33$1559.50
    Northwest Territories$1560.30$1552.27
    Yukon$1334.02$1348.75
    Alberta$1266.05$1257.16
    Ontario$1206.70$1198.79
    British Columbia$1175.98$1170.23
    Newfoundland and Labrador$1159.31$1145.71
    Saskatchewan$1155.70$1143.55
    Quebec$1118.25$1120.40
    New Brunswick$1082.99$1066.62
    Manitoba$1066.67$1070.27
    Nova Scotia$1020.83$1027.02
    Prince Edward Island$985.73$975.54

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Which Canadian province has the highest average weekly earnings?

    Nunavut has the highest weekly earnings at $1593.33 followed by Northwest Territories at $1560.30 and Yukon at $1334.02. However, these provinces have very low population being in the northern Canada.

    Alberta has the average weekly earnings of $1266.05 among the major Canadian provinces followed by Ontario at $1206.70 and British Columbia at $1175.98.

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Canada?

    Canada has the average weekly earnings of $1,175.37 as per latest data by Statistics Canada released on November 24, 2022.

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Ontario and British Columbia?

    Ontario has the average weekly earnings of $1206.70, while British Columbia has average weekly earnings at $1175.98

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Quebec?

    Quebec has an average weekly earnings of $1118.25

    Source: Statistics Canada


  • Understanding New Changes To Express Entry With Bill C19 – All You Need To Know

    As Bill C-19 receives royal assent, the Express Entry system will undergo several amendments. These new amendments will bring changes to the Comprehensive Ranking System used to evaluate and rank individuals in the pool.  

    Express Entry includes all major economic immigration categories, such as the Canadian Experience Class, the Federal Skilled Worker Program, the Federal Skilled Trades Program, and a component of the Provincial Nominee Program, which will experience changes under Bill C-19 in 2023.  

    Another impact would be on the expression of interest that selects top-ranking candidates through regularly released Ministry instructions. These candidates are later invited to complete an immigration application.  

    To help you prepare for the new changes, below is the summary of amendments in Bill C-19 to the Express Entry system and fee waiver for some IRCC applications. 



    Summary of Bill C-19 Amendments To Express Entry

    Express Entry Selection based on new groups and categories 

    The new amendment will include ministerial instructions to bring additional filters to the Express Entry pool based on groups and categories rather than only immigration class. The ministerial instructions serve as the foundation for the rounds of invites.

    Express Entry ITAs to specify the stream in which the applicant must apply

    Another amendment is to create new categories with eligibility requirements for the purpose of ranking. Wherein if a foreign national qualifies for more than one class, the invitation to apply for permanent residence should specify the stream in which the applicant must apply. 

    Minister to specify an economic goal with each category 

    The new amendment also requires the Minister to specify in the instruction the economic goal that the newly established category will support. 

    Applicants who have lost points due to age can receive a permanent resident visa 

    The amendment establishes exclusions that allow Express Entry permanent residence visas to be given to candidates who have received an invitation to apply but would otherwise have lost eligibility due to changes in their circumstances. 

    For example, suppose an applicant has aged and lost points or lost qualification but has maintained a score equal to the minimum required to rank in the invitation round. In that case, they may be awarded a visa or other documents. 

    Minister’s report to include established category for foreign nationals

    The amendment adds that the Minister’s annual report to Parliament must include instructions to establish any category for foreign nationals in Express Entry. These instructions should include the economic goal it supports and the number of invitations issued under this category. 

    More details on Bill C-19 will be revealed, along with the new exact categories, its eligibility criteria in coming months.

    Changes Under Bill C-19 For Fees Of Some Applications

    The Canada Gazette typically outlines regulations and publishes immigration fees. However, for any changes in immigration fees, they need to go through regulatory impact analysis and have stakeholder input before implementation.  

    Moreover, processing applications for a temporary resident visa, a permanent resident visa, a work permit, a study permit, an extension of an authorization to remain in Canada as a temporary resident, and an authorization to stay 59 Bill C-19 in Canada as a permanent resident are already exempt from the Service Fees Act.

    Other fees for services, such as those associated with processing applications based on humanitarian and compassionate considerations, are exempt. These include applications submitted under public policy, services to obtain travel documents for permanent residents, including permanent resident cards, and services associated with the processing of applications to sponsor members of the family class.

    With Bill C-19, the following new service fees would become exempt:

    • Authorization for a permanent resident to return to Canada;
    • Rehabilitation for determining criminality and serious criminality 
    • Temporary status restoration and 
    • Temporary resident permits

  • Canada Work Culture – Know How To Adapt As A Newcomer!

    As a newcomer to Canada, it is common to face challenges in adapting to a new culture. Most immigrants bring valuable knowledge and skills to the Canadian market. But they are hesitant in applying to jobs. So, if you are new to Canada and are facing challenges in starting or advancing your career, don’t worry we have got you covered. 

    Often these challenges are because you might be unaware of the differences between the work environment in your home country and in Canada. This can be in regard to networking, communication, feedback, and so on.

    As a newcomer, it is important to familiarize yourself with the Canadian work culture. This will not only help you to work well in a team but will also help you grow your career. Also, this helps avoid any misunderstanding. 

    So, take some time and adopt these tips to adapt to the Canadian work culture:

    1. Focus on your Soft Skills

    The Canadian work culture focuses a lot on your soft skills. Having soft skills means being able to work in a team, being flexible, and having good time management practices. Also, it is important that you have a positive attitude. Always take initiative in your team. Canadian work culture often values these skills more than your “hard skills”. 

    2. Small talks

    Small talks is integral to Canadian culture. This applies to your workplace as well. So, always indulge in small talk in your meetings. It helps you know other people and understand any common interests that you may have. Some common topics for small talk could be weather, sports, or movies.


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    3. Punctuality

    Canadians value punctuality and time management a lot. Most people here don’t wait for more than 15 minutes if you’re late. It is considered disrespectful to keep people waiting. However, if you are running late, always send people a message. Let them know when they should expect you.

    If you are late to work regularly, you might be perceived as unprofessional. Also, it raises concerns about your time management skills Most workplaces have policies around punctuality and attendance. Make sure to follow them. By doing so, you can advance in the company.

    4. Equality

    Canadian workplaces pay a lot of emphasis on equality. People here are treated equally and fairly. People’s designation doesn’t determine respect. Even if you are an intern, you will be included in meetings and asked to share your views. Canadian workplaces are very diverse. Discrimination on the basis of age, gender, sexual orientation, or race is illegal. So, it is very important for you to appreciate and respect diversity and cultural differences. 

    5. Understand the non-verbal cues

    It is very important for you to understand the non-Verbal and subtle Cues in your workplace. You should try to learn and adopt these. A few examples of these are- maintaining eye contact during a conversation. This shows that you are interested in the conversation. Avoiding eye contact comes across as being untrustworthy, or having low self-confidence. Say good morning and goodbye at the end of the workday. These small gestures can go a long way. 


  • New Immigration Plan Can Help With Alberta Labour Shortage

    As Canada intends to significantly increase the number of immigrants annually, groups in Alberta believe it will benefit businesses facing labour shortages. The immigration levels plan, which immigration minister Sean Fraser unveiled on November 1, 2022, calls for a massive influx of immigrants to enter the country: 465,000 in 2023, rising to 500,000 in 2025.

    Government has a strong focus on admitting people based on their employment qualifications or experience. Alberta-based organizations want the government to ease limitations on immigrants choosing lower-paying positions and to support organizations that assist newcomers’ resettlement in ensuring that the new Canadians can genuinely help with the labour shortage.



    Calgary Chamber of Commerce Report on Immigration 

    The Calgary Chamber of Commerce released a report outlining the crucial role immigration plays in easing labour shortages. 

    President and CEO of the Calgary Chamber of Commerce, Deborah Yedlin, explained that whether you work in the service industry, technology, energy, or the healthcare industry, everyone is searching for that last unit of labour. Immigration has become important to address the talent shortage that every business faces across the country.

    Regarding the latest immigration levels plan, Yedlin accepts the new plan but suggests expanding the options to low-wage workers rather than solely focusing on highly skilled, technically trained experts. 

    According to Yedlin, there is a bit of a catch-22 with programs like the Alberta Opportunity Stream since you require prior work experience and language proficiency, which limits the pool of immigrants who can apply.

    She explains that the government needs to figure out how to ensure that the ability to come and work is offered as an opportunity for a broader proportion of the immigrant population than it already is, including low-wage workers.

    Affordable housing to attract immigrants

    According to Randy Boissonault, a member of parliament for Edmonton Centre, Alberta’s lower cost of living can draw people.

    Since all of the communities in Alberta have done an excellent job of continuing to create housing, Edmonton and Calgary are at the top of the list for affordable housing nationwide, according to Boissonault.

    He anticipates that the hundreds of thousands of newcomers will be able to fill employment gaps in the IT industry.

    On meeting the Alberta Machine Institute in the heart of Edmonton, they told Boissonault that many of their partners are searching for computer scientists and mathematicians who can significantly advance the field of machine learning and artificial intelligence.

    The provincial government oversees a program whose objective is to hasten the processing of visas for foreign workers hired by IT firms in Alberta.

    Yedlin claimed that because Albertans frequently lack the qualifications required for a position, businesses are forced to rely heavily on immigration. She emphasizes the tech positions that have remained unfilled for a considerable time despite being advertised for months in Calgary. 

    Newcomer settlement organizations need more support.

    Rispah Tremblay, senior manager of settlement services at the Edmonton Mennonite Centre for Newcomers (EMCN), which assists newcomers in settling in the capital area, said the immigration levels plan presents some difficulties for other organizations.

    Such that with increasing numbers, newcomer settlement organizations need additional resources, explained Tremblay. 

    Tremblay says that EMCN would require additional funding to pay employees who handle cases, assist clients in finding housing, and teach languages.

    New immigrants might not be able to integrate into the Canadian workforce without the assistance of the staff members who assist newcomers with their settlement needs.

    There must be an additional help to settle and get the right training or support they need as soon as they get here, she said. It will allow them to integrate and start working immediately.

    Tremblay is also worried that the housing supply would start to run out with everyone migrating here. Although she hasn’t heard anything from the federal government on funding to support service expansion, she anticipates that discussions will begin in the spring.


  • IRCC Increased Staff by 45%, But Processing Woes Continue

    In Canada’s immigration department, new data indicate a significant increase in hiring. However, the processing continues to be slow. The operational capacity of Canada’s immigration department, IRCC has increased by 45 per cent from pre-pandemic levels, according to never-before-published data.

    Canada has already received nearly as many applications for temporary and permanent residents as it did in 2019 before the pandemic in only eight months of 2022.

    After a two-year slowdown, the country’s immigration system is already operating 45 percent above capacity in 2019. As a result, the number of applications for permanent and temporary residents processed through the system is expected to surpass the 3.2 million recorded last year before the pandemic. 



    IRCC increased workforce, yet processing times continue to grow 

    Unprecedented data shows that Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada now employs 8,104 front-line operations employees, up from 5,583 in March 2019, with the majority of the new employees hired since the start of 2022. This is true even if the number of employees on leave increased gradually from 559 in March 2019 to 733 in October.

    Additionally, the number of workers who continued to telework decreased from about 100 per cent at the start of the pandemic to 71.8 per cent last month.

    Richard Kurland, an immigration attorney and policy analyst, says more employees can process more files. As a result, it should lead to higher volumes of decisions when combined with the artificial intelligence decision-making system.

    “You are using the A.I. to do the strenuous labour. Now that the files that require human contact are on track and heading in the correct direction, you have more people to handle them.

    However, Immigration officials would prefer to see the following numbers in check, though:

    • Web forms have become the primary method for applicants to contact the department, increasing from 1.61 million in 2020 to 2.26 million in 2021 and 2.42 million as of September this year;
    • Another important inquiry tool is access-to-information requests, which increased from 98,042 before the pandemic to 204,549 in 2021 before falling to 122,016 so far this year;
    • By 2022, there will have been 963 lawsuits filed against the immigration department, up from just 112 in 2019. These lawsuits sought a court order compelling authorities to process files.

    Therefore, not all critics agree that the immigration system has stabilized.

    Lack of clarity for the reasons for processing delays 

    Vancouver immigration attorney Steven Meurrens questioned why there were still backlogs despite having 45 percent more employees processing applications. He says he is confused why processing times “keep getting worse” in multiple programs and certain visa offices.

    Further, he questioned if there are bugs with new technology or if certain visa postings have I.T. issues. Or other Technology-related concerns due to working from home. Unfortunately, since the department won’t reveal, it isn’t easy to deduce what’s happening from the statistics.

    According to Ravi Jain of the Canadian Immigration Lawyers Association, the department’s increased staffing levels did not correspond to the enormous delay in how people were experiencing the online immigration system. He wants a royal commission to investigate the backlogs and delays in immigration.

    In my opinion, they weren’t really doing much, says Jain. But nevertheless, they cannot get away with this. Because it’s harming individuals in so many ways, it just seems “criminal” to me, said Jain.

    Through the main immigration programs, Canada had received more than 2.9 million new applications for permanent and temporary residents as of August 31. Those figures will undoubtedly raise the total above the 3.2 million files in 2019, with four months left in 2022.

    In comparison to the total of 3,225,130 (235,257 permanent and 2.99 million temporary residents) reported in 2019, immigration officers processed 2.25 million immigration petitions throughout the time period—207,590 permanent and 2.04 million temporary immigrants.

    Source: Toronto Star


  • New NOC Codes: Step-Wise Guide To Find Your NOC

    New NOC codes: On November 16, IRCC switches to the new 2021 National Occupational Classification (NOC) version in alignment with Employment and Social Development of Canada (ESDC). It implies that the NOC 2016 skill type and skill level framework (NOC 0, A, B, C, and D) will now be represented by new 6-category system representing the training, education, experience, and responsibilities (TEER) required to work in an occupation.

    As a result, the previous four-digit codes will become five digits under the new NOC 2021. It will also impact the eligibility criteria for all programs that use NOC. To prepare for these changes, you can learn the following in this article:

    Steps to find new NOC code 

    Step 1: Visit the National Occupational Classification (NOC) official website. 

    NOC 2021 and TEER

    Step 2: You can search by job title or NOC code on this page. If you want to search by job title, look for the “Version” section, then click on the box below it that says “NOC 2016 Version 1.3.” Then, it will open a drop-down menu and select the latest “NOC 2021 Version 1.3.”

    NOC 2021 and TEER

    Step 3: Once you select the new NOC 2021 version, enter your job title to find your NOC 2021 code and TEER category. 

    NOC 2021 and TEER

    Below is an example of a job titled Marketing Coordinator. You also view other matching job titles. 

    NOC 2021 and TEER


    Understanding New NOC categories

    All programs that previously used skill types or levels will now use NOC 2021 codes and TEER categories. 

    Most positions will remain in the TEER category, corresponding to the skill level in the table below. However, certain jobs may change to other TEER categories. The most significant change is the subdivision of Skill Level B jobs that will now become TEER 2 or TEER 3 jobs.

    The table below explains the distribution between skill types or levels and corresponding TEER categories. 

    NOC 2021 and TEER
    NOC 2021 and TEER

    Immigration Programs that new NOC will affect 

     Generally, all programs that have used NOC skill types or levels to invite applicants will be affected. Therefore, all the programs below will switch to using NOC 2021 codes and TEER levels. 

    Additionally, several occupations will become eligible and ineligible under specific programs due to the new NOC 2021 implementation. 

    Frequently Asked Questions regarding new TEER system

    Do you need to update your Express Entry profile as new NOC is implemented? 
    Suppose you are an Express Entry candidate who submitted your profile before November 16 but has not yet received an Invitation to Apply (ITA). Then, you must update your Express Entry profile with your new NOC 2021 code and TEER category. 

    If you receive an ITA before November 16, you can submit your Express Entry application using the NOC 2016 system. In addition, you can also refer to the NOC code mentioned on your ITA receipt and submit your application accordingly. However, there is no need for you to update to NOC 2021 if you received an ITA before November 16. 

    How will new NOC affect CRS scores? 
    The points distribution would be similar to what it has been with NOC 2016. Such as, so far, Express Entry applicants with arranged employment in Skill Levels 0, A and B have received 50 additional points. 

    With NOC 2021, applicants will receive 50 additional points for arranged employment provided their NOC is in TEER 0, 1, 2 or 3. 

    Similarly, you will continue to receive points for Canadian education. However, your work experience must be in occupations that are TEER 0, 1, 2 or 3. 

    How can you prepare for new NOC? 
    To be prepared, you can be mindful of the new changes in the TEER lead statements and primary duties. Although most duties may be similar, your work experience letter must reflect the duties mentioned in your new NOC 2021 code and TEER category. 

    Moreover, you must continue to match the duties in your NOC 2021 occupation if you want to claim points for the skilled experience inside and outside Canada. 


  • Moving To Canada – Know Free Pre-Arrival Services For Job & Settlement

    Moving to Canada and starting a new life here can be very overwhelming. Most newcomers have a lot of concerns about settling in a new country. And it is quite understandable. However, if you are a newcomer to Canada, don’t worry the government has got you covered.

    The Canadian government funds a lot of settlement agencies to make the transition easier for newcomers. These agencies provide pre-arrival settlement services to help newcomers adapt to a new country. Pre-arrival services are programs offered online or in person. These programs are free and help newcomers to better understand life in Canada.

    Also, some services can help you find a job. They can help you get your education or work experience recognized in Canada. Moreover, some programs provide you with specific information regarding your profession. This could include language training or essential skills training. 


    You may also like:


    Listed below are the organizations and how they can help you settle in Canada

    Active Engagement and Integration Project

    This project offers in-person services in China, and also online services globally, such as:

    • general information about living in Canada
    • orientation to education, health care, housing, and transportation in Canada
    • needs assessment
    • referrals to community services.
    Planning for Canada

    The program offers in-person services in India and the Philippines and also online services globally, including:

    • general information about living in Canada
    • orientation to education, health care, housing, and transportation in Canada
    • needs assessment
    • referrals to community services.
    Next Stop Canada

    This organization offers online services globally, including:

    • general information about living in Canada
    • orientation to education, health care, housing, and transportation in Canada
    • needs assessment
    • referrals to community services
    • specialized programming for youth between 12 to 19 years old, such as connections to youth mentors.
    Connexions Francophones

    This program offers in-person services in Morocco and online services globally. Moreover, if you want to live in a Francophone community in Canada, they can help you with:

    • information and orientation
    • connections with Francophone local organizations
    • needs assessment
    • a personalized settlement plan with other links to in-Canada resources.

    Organizations that help with career and job search

    Active Engagement and Integration Project (AEIP)

    This project offers online services globally. It helps you:

    • write your resume
    • prepare to work in Canada
    • get your credentials recognized
    • attend online job fairs to learn about potential employers.
    Canada InfoNet

    This organization offers online services globally to help you:

    • prepare for work
    • access employer-interactive webinars
    • access job matching platforms
    • find a mentor with experience in your sector
    • learn about Canadian workplace culture.
    Settlement Online Pre-Arrival (SOPA)

    This organization offers online services globally. They offer support such as:

    • online courses, including “Job Search Strategies” and “Working in Canada”
    • webinars
    • help for preparing to work in Canada.
    Connexions Francophones

    This program offers employment services to French-speaking newcomers wishing to settle in Francophone communities. Services include:

    • virtual job fairs in real-time with potential employers seeking French-speaking employees
    • how to prepare to work in Canada and also get your credentials recognized
    • webinars about mentoring, writing a resume, and Canadian workplace culture.
    BCCA Integrating Newcomers

    The British Columbia Construction Association Integrating Newcomers (BCCA-IN) program provides free one-on-one pre-arrival services to newcomers with a construction background. Services BCCA-IN offers are –  

    • skills assessment
    • job leads
    • accreditation advice
    • settlement services referrals.

    BCCA-IN supports architects, designers, project managers, estimators, engineers, tradespeople, and those in strategic business support groups

    BuildON

    This organization offers online services globally. If you plan on living in Ontario, BuildOn offers services that focus on:

    • construction
    • skilled trades
    • engineering.
    ACCES Employment: Canadian Employment Connections and Entrepreneurship Connections Pre-Arrival (CEC-ECP)

    This organization offers online services globally. They offer industry-specific job services, including one-on-one coaching, to help you:

    • prepare to look for jobs
    • prepare to work in Canada
    • learn about workplace culture.
    Global Onboarding of Talent Initiative (GO Talent)

    This initiative offers online services globally. They support newcomers from the information and technology sector to help you:

    • with sector-specific help
    • attend career events
    • find a job
    • get your credentials recognized.
    Integrating Newcomers

    This Canada-wide program offers pre-arrival employment support services to prepare newcomers for jobs in the construction industry, no matter what city, province, or territory you’re moving to.

    Professions supported include

    • tradespeople
    • engineers (in any discipline)
    • architects
    • technicians
    • technologists
    • Business support specialists.
    Pre-Arrival Supports and Services Program (PASS)

    This program helps nurses prepare to work in Canada’s healthcare field. PASS provides connections to sector-specific information including:

    • workplace practices in health care
    • mentoring with Canadian nurses
    • schools
    • the nursing registration process
    • regulatory bodies.

    Who is eligible?

    You can get these services, if:

    • Your permanent residence (PR) application has been approved.
    • You are currently living outside of Canada.
    • You have one of these documents:
      • letter saying you can get pre-arrival services
      • confirmation of permanent residence letter
      • a passport request letter that indicates permanent resident visa issuance
      • letter asking for your medical exam results
      • single-entry permanent resident visa
      • letter from us letting your know you can pick up your permanent resident visa

  • Canada To Start Targeted Draws For Skilled Workers Next Year

    To address the severe labour shortages, Canada is prepared to begin targeted Express Entry draws for skilled workers as early as next year, according to Immigration Minister Sean Fraser.

    In an interview, the federal immigration minister told Reuters that Canada would begin conducting targeted draws for skilled immigrants next year. It would allow them to handpick candidates with the most in-demand skills for the areas of the country that need workers the most.

    Learn about the minister’s latest interview on targeted draws coming next year, IRCC focus and what we know so far.

    Conducting targeted draws in early 2023 

    The current Express Entry system ranks potential economic immigrants according to their language, education, experience and other skills. Those with the highest CRS scores receive an invitation to apply for permanent residency. 

    With the upcoming changes, Canada can select individuals with particular skills and abilities in specific professions. As well as consider those who plan to move to certain provinces. 

    We can do a targeted draw beginning in 2023. That will allow us to select workers by the sector that they work in and the part of Canada that they are going to

    This means we will be able to bring a greater focus to welcome more healthcare workers … in jurisdictions that will allow them to practice

    -said Immigration Minister Sean Fraser


    Focus on healthcare workers 

    The COVID-19 pandemic and a shortage of nurses are putting excessive stress on Canada’s healthcare system. As a result, many foreign-trained doctors and nurses do not wind up working in their sector. The country has also had difficulty licensing healthcare employees after they arrive.

    The healthcare system in Canada is the provinces’ responsibility. Immigration Minister Sean Fraser promised to work with provinces that make recognizing the foreign credentials of doctors and nurses simpler in an interview with Reuters. 

    He continued by saying that the federal government would work with the provinces to establish a clearer pathway and move forward with targeted draws for the provinces that facilitate the transition.

    Further, he explained that he would focus only on provinces that make it simple for health professionals to verify their qualifications from abroad and begin practising as soon as they arrive. 

    “I’m not interested in conducting a targeted draw for healthcare workers that are going to come to Canada and not be permitted to practice their profession”

    – Said Fraser

    Targeted draws to invite the Federal High Skilled Class category

     The federal government increased its immigration targets this week, announcing a three-year goal of 1.45 million new permanent residents. The targeted draws will fall within Canada’s federal “high-skilled” category, representing about 21.1% of new arrivals during that time.

    Canada is experiencing a severe labour shortage. According to the most recent data on job openings, there were 1.0 million unemployed persons and 958,500 available positions in Canada in August.

    Business organizations have argued that the government should take stronger action on immigration to support businesses facing a historic labour shortage.

    As immigration numbers reach historic highs, concerns about where the newcomers will live are increasing. There is already a housing scarcity in Canada.

    According to Fraser, the government will emphasize bringing in trained labourers to help create new housing and choosing immigrants for places with the “absorptive capacity” to accept them.

    Increased focus on Economic class immigrants 

    More than 60% of all immigration to Canada is expected to be from the economic class this year.

    Canada is already on track to accept 279,292 new permanent residents through economic programs this year, which is about 2.6% or 7,267 new permanent residents more than Ottawa had hoped to achieve through the new immigration levels plan for the next year.

    President and CEO of the Business Council of Canada, Goldy Hyder, explains that economic-class permanent residents account for only 58.5 percent of overall admissions in the immigration levels plan announced by the federal government last week. 

    Of the 309,240 new permanent residents who entered Canada during the first eight months of this year, they arrived under the economic immigration programs making up 60.2% of the total.

    If the country adopted the target of 65% for economic immigration set by the Business Council of Canada, 302,250 new permanent residents would enter the country under economic programs out of the country’s total 465,000 in the following year.

    Economic immigration, according to the Business Council of Canada, is essential to expanding the Canadian economy.

    Every unfilled position represents one less person contributing to the economic prosperity of Canada and one less person paying taxes to maintain Canada’s social infrastructure, says Hyder.


  • Know Immigration Options For Applicants Awaiting CEC Draw

    Immigration Options For Applicants Waiting For CEC-Only Draw. On November 9, the latest Express Entry draw invited 4,750 candidates from all Express Entry programs, including Federal Skilled Worker, Canadian Experience Class (CEC), and Federal Skilled Trades. The cut-off threshold for this draw was 494 CRS points. 

    As cut-offs continue to stay high for Express Entry, several international students and work permit holders are hoping for Canadian Experience Class-only draws. Although, it remains uncertain whether there will be a CEC-only draw. Or there will be options for international students and work permit holders, as emphasized by Immigration Minister Sean Fraser in his recent report.

    Recently, minister Fraser said he is looking for options to give more points to Canadian experience in the Express Entry, but actual details are not finalized yet. However, if you are someone hoping for CEC-only draws, this article will help you understand your options and plan. 



    Understanding the CRS breakdown 

    The CRS score cut-off in the last two Express Entry draw finally dropped below 500 points. However, given previous trends, the CRS score cut-off will likely stay high for the upcoming draws, given that CRS only dropped by 2 points in the latest draw.

    However, no one can accurately predict all upcoming CRS score cut-offs. It is because many distinct factors affect the CRS score cut-off; each factor remains unpredictable and impacts the cut-offs in various ways. These factors are: 

    Other options for international students and work permit holders 

    If you are waiting for CRS score cut-offs to lower, you may want to consider some other options. It may be best to wait for the CRS score to reduce, but if you are at risk of becoming out of status, here are 3 options you can consider. 

    1. Applying for PNP

    Most often, PNP requires you to have a connection to the province. However, you could consider the following programs that do not require you to have a specific connection to the province, but you may need a job offer. New Immigration levels plan clearly states that provincial nominee programs have target of inviting 105,500 candidates in 2023.

    Newfoundland and Labrador International Graduate

    You could be qualified to apply for a provincial nomination under this program if you’ve completed a post-secondary program of at least two years’ duration anywhere in Canada. Still, you’re now employed in Newfoundland and Labrador. Graduates employed in Newfoundland and Labrador for at least a year on a post-graduate work permit are eligible for the program.

    B.C International Graduate

    This program can be possible if you have completed a post-secondary degree anywhere in Canada and presently hold a job offer from a company in British Columbia. To be eligible, you also need two years of full-time work experience in a similar role to the job offer. 

    Ontario ONIP Job Offer-International Students stream

    You may qualify for this PNP if you have a valid job offer from an Ontario employer and have completed a post-secondary program in Canada. Your Canadian education must have been for a study program that lasted at least two years or a one-year course with a prior necessary degree requirement. 

    2. Getting an LMIA Work Permit 

    If you have worked for a specific employer for a long time, you may ask them to support you with a LIMA. Although the process may be complex, with a valid job offer, you can get more points under the Comprehensive Ranking System. 

    There are currently more than 4,400 LMIA approved job postings in Canada. Click here to find LMIA approved jobs.

    3. Returning to School

    Lastly, you may consider returning to school if you are running out of all options and only need to extend your stay until CRS score cut-offs drop. It is an expensive option, but it can definitely prevent you from leaving Canada. It may help you maintain your status and extend your stay in Canada. 


  • New TEER System Implements Next Week – All You Need To Know

    On November 16, next week, IRCC will implement the new National Occupation Classification (NOC) 2021, the Training, Education, Experience, and Responsibilities (TEER) system. With this implementation, several changes are coming to the Express Entry system. 

    These changes will impact Express Entry eligibility. For example, 16 NOC C occupations will become eligible for Express Entry. Additionally, it will also be implemented by all the provincial nominee programs (PNPs). For e.g., 12 NOC codes will become ineligible for the Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP)

    Another change is in the eligibility criteria of the Express Entry. As with NOC 2016 system, an applicant needed to have skilled experience, such as in NOC 0, A or B, to qualify for Express Entry. Next week, with the implementation of NOC 2021, the eligibility criteria for Express Entry will change. 

    In this article, you can learn about the upcoming changes in the Express Entry system with the implementation of the new NOC c or the TEER system.  



    What is the new NOC 2021 and the TEER system?

    Canada uses NOC, National Occupation Classification, as a national standard for identifying occupations. After every ten years, the Canadian federal government updates NOC to reflect the country’s labour and economic market changes. 

    The old 4-digit “Skill Level” structure will be replaced by the NOC 2021. To illustrate the level of Training, Education, Experience and Responsibilities (TEER) required for a given occupation, new NOC categories are introduced. These new categories include a brand-new five-digit hierarchical structure. 

    Understanding NOC 2021 categorisation and the TEER system

    TEER

    Overview of the new TEER categories 

    TEER 0: This category includes legislative and senior management occupations with significant experience and knowledge and handles responsibility for directing, resource planning and management. 

    TEER 1: This category typically calls for a college/ university degree or prior experience and knowledge in the subject matter from a similar job listed under TEER 2.

    TEER 2: This includes occupations with major safety or supervisory duties and typically need two to three years of post-secondary education or at least two years of apprenticeship training.

    TEER 3: This includes occupations requiring fewer than two years of post-secondary education, on-the-job training, training courses, or work experience of more than six months.

    TEER 4:  Occupations requiring either a high school diploma or no formal education are under TEER 4 category. Applicants with several years of experience in this category may qualify for TEER 3. 

    TEER 5: This category is for occupations without formal education requirements. 

    TEER

    Express Entry eligibility requirements with the new TEER system 

    To continue participating in Express Entry, you must update your profile with the new TEER system if you haven’t received an invitation to apply (ITA) by November 16, 2022.

    Additionally, if you were issued an ITA before November 16, 2022, you must continue to use the NOC 2016 system exclusively.

    For the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), and Federal Skilled Trades Program, IRCC has provided updated NOC 2021 eligibility criteria for Express Entry. To understand eligibility after November 16, see the tables below.

    Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) 

    TEER

    Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

    TEER

    Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)

    TEER
    TEER

    Occupations that will become eligible & ineligible under the TEER system

    With the implementation of the new TEER system, certain occupations will become eligible under the Express Entry system. Sixteen occupations previously under NOC C will upgrade to TEER 3 next week, making them eligible under Express Entry. 

    However, changes in the NOC will also make 12 occupations ineligible, as some have been moved from NOC C to NOC D, falling under the TEER 5 level. In addition, it will impact applicants under the Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP) that accepts NOC C and above skill levels. 

    Below is the list of occupations that will become eligible and ineligible. 

    16 occupations that will become eligible under Express Entry 

    1. Payroll Administrators
    2. Dental Assistants and dental laboratory assistants
    3. Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates
    4. Pharmacy technical assistants and pharmacy assistants
    5. Elementary and secondary school teacher assistants
    6. Sheriffs and bailiffs
    7. Correctional service officers
    8. By-lay enforcement and other regulatory officers
    9. Estheticians, electrologists and related occupations
    10. Residential and commercial installers and servicers
    11. Pest controllers and fumigators
    12. Other repairers and servicers
    13. Transport truck drivers
    14. Bus drivers, subway operators and other transit operators
    15. Heavy equipment operators
    16. Aircraft assemblers and aircraft assembly inspectors

    12 occupations that will become ineligible For Atlantic Immigrant Program (AIP) 

    1. Pet groomers and animal care workers
    2. Other support occupations in personal services
    3. Longshore workers
    4. Material handlers
    5. Taxi and limousine drivers and chauffeurs
    6. Delivery service drivers and door-to-door distributors
    7. Boat and cable ferry operators and related occupations
    8. Livestock labourers
    9. Nursery and greenhouse labourers
    10. Trappers and hunters
    11. Food and beverage servers
    12. Labourers in textile processing and cutting

    Latest Canada Immigration News & Articles

  • IRCC Acknowledgment of Receipt (AOR) – All You Need To Know

    An official document known as an Acknowledgment of Receipt (AOR) proves that Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has received your immigration application. 

    IRCC issues an AOR document after you submit an application and the processing time officially begins from the date of AOR. The document’s importance varies based on the application filed and how it is submitted.

    This article delves into:

    When do you receive an AOR? 

    Depending on the kind of application, IRCC could release an AOR at different times. One such instance is the automated generation of an AOR for Express Entry, which often occurs minutes after the permanent residence application is filed. 

    Contrarily, the AOR for a citizenship or sponsorship application may take weeks or even months.

    What does receiving an AOR indicate? 

    The AOR is a receipt that confirms that IRCC received your application. However, the date of the AOR is important if the factors below apply to you. 

    The age of your dependent children: Only children who match the description of a dependent child may be added to your application. Except in certain circumstances, a dependent child must be unmarried and under 22. Your child must satisfy this requirement by the date IRCC receives your application, as stated on your AOR.

    Validity of your document: The validity of some documents, including police records, IELTS test scores, and ECA reports, is limited. Therefore, when your application is received, these documents must be current and valid on the date stated on the AOR. For this reason, ensure that you apply before your documents expire. 



    Does AOR indicate your application is complete? 

    Obtaining an AOR does not always imply that your application is completed or incomplete. It all depends on the kind of application you filed. For instance, IRCC automatically gives an AOR to Express Entry applicants, but they might reject the application if certain papers are missing.

    The IRCC has verified that the application is complete if you receive an AOR after filing a citizenship application.

    The difference in applying via paper or online 

    When IRCC receives your application, they send you a confirmation as an AOR. As a result, the AOR date for a paper-based application will be the day the IRCC mailroom receives your application package. 

    Once they begin processing your application, they will send the AOR. To monitor your application and get a confirmation when it arrives, it is crucial to utilize a courier service that demands a signature when delivering it.

    The AOR date for an electronic application submission usually coincides with the day you click the submit button. However, due to clerical errors or time zone variances, the date on your AOR may occasionally show to be one or two days later. It is a good idea to submit in advance because of this reason. 

    How soon after receiving AOR do you get decision?

    The IRCC may not have even begun processing your application when you get the AOR. Receiving an AOR does not essentially mean that IRCC has started processing your application.

    AOR is just an acknowledgement by IRCC that they have officially received your application. Therefore, the time it takes to receive PR after receiving your AOR may vary depending on the program you applied for.

    Certain applicants start comparing or expecting the decision on their application based on consensus mentioned over the various online forums after receiving the AOR. However, that is not the case. IRCC processing is random and certain applications may take longer than others.

    For more information, visit IRCC’s official page.


  • Canada Unemployment Rate Stays at 5.2% – New StatCan Report

    November 4- New Statistics Canada report shows that employment in October increased by 108,000 (+0.6%), recovering losses from May to September. However, the unemployment rate in October remained unchanged at 5.2 per cent. 

    Statistics Canada’s new report discusses the changes in employment activities in October 2022. Below, you can find the summary of these changes. 

    Summary of changes in employment activities 

    Overall, October saw an increase in employment by 108,000 (+0.6%), making up for the losses experienced from May to September 2022. In comparison, the unemployment rate in October stayed the same at 5.2 per cent. 

    The industries that experienced an increase in employment were manufacturing, construction, accommodation and food services. But, at the same time, it declined in wholesale and retail trade and natural resources.

    Moreover, since March 2022, the number of private-sector employees has increased for the first time. However, employees in the public sector and self-employed workers saw no change in employment.



    In addition, employment increased among men and women between the ages of 25 and 54 in October. On the other hand, men and women aged 15 to 24 and those aged 55 and up showed minimal change. 

    Generally, employment increased in six provinces, with the most significant increases in Ontario and Quebec. Regarding wages, employee hourly wage growth stayed above 5 per cent for the fifth consecutive month in October, increasing 5.6% (+$1.68 to $31.94) compared to October 2021. 

    Following a 0.6 per cent decrease in September, total hours worked increased by 0.7 per cent in October. However, the total hours worked increased by 2.2% compared to October 2021.

    About two-thirds of employees with wages more than $40.00 per hour had received a raise in the past year, compared to half (50.1%) of those with wages less than $20.00 per hour (population aged 15 to 69; not seasonally adjusted).

    Additionally, over one-third (35.3%) of Canadians aged 15 and older lived in homes that reported trouble meeting financial needs in October, up from one-fifth in October 2020. Lastly, more than 1.7 million Canadians had hybrid work arrangements in October for those aged 15 to 69.

    Industries with a significant change in employment 

    Employment in construction increased by 25,000 (+1.6%) in October, with increases in five provinces, including Quebec (+17,000; +5.9%) and British Columbia (+6,000; +2.5%). 

    Despite this growth, construction employment remained almost unchanged in October compared to March 2022, consistent with the latest GDP data showing slowing economic activity in the industry during a similar time.

    Moreover, employment in the manufacturing industry increased by 24,000 (+1.4%), offsetting the 28,000 (-1.6%) decrease recorded in September. British Columbia (+12,000; +6.9%) and Nova Scotia (+3,700; +11.6%) accounted for most of the increase. Manufacturing employment remained relatively unchanged on a year-over-year basis.

    Accommodation and food service employment increased by 18,000 (+1.7%) in October, the first growth in the industry since May. However, according to the most recent Job Vacancy and Wage Survey data, the industry had a more significant job vacancy rate in August than all other industries.

    Employment in professional, scientific, and technical services increased by 18,000 (+1.0%) in October, the third increase in six months. Since June 2020, the number of people working in the industry has been steadily increasing, and in October, it was 297,000 (+19.3%), higher than before the pandemic.

    Moreover, there was also employment growth in “other” services (+18,000; +2.4%) and public administration (+15,000; +1.3%) in October.

    In October, the number of individuals employed in wholesale and retail trade decreased by 20,000 (-0.7%). The industry’s employment last rose in May and was a little changed year over year in October. While retail sales grew 0.7% to $61.8 billion in August, advance estimates indicate that sales may fall 0.5% in September.

    After three months of minimal change, natural resource employment fell (-6,800; -2.0%) in October, nearly entirely attributable to a dip in Quebec (-6,100; -13.2%).

    Other employment trends for October 2022 

    In the last year, hybrid employment—the ability to work part-time from home and part-time from a location other than home—has emerged as a viable alternative for employers and employees. 

    In October, nearly one in ten (9.0%; 1,746,000) workers reported working both at home and elsewhere, up 0.4 percentage points from September and 5.4 percentage points from January 2022. 

    Also, in October, 15.8% of workers worked exclusively from home, an 8.5 percentage point decrease from the beginning of the year (population aged 15 to 69).

    The average hourly wages were 5.6% higher (+$1.68 to $31.94) than the previous year (not seasonally adjusted) in October. However, even though average wages have increased by more than 5% year on year in the last five months, they have not kept up with inflation, which was 6.9% in September, contributing to many Canadians’ concerns about affordability and the cost of living.

    The proportion of employees who received a raise after being with the same company for at least a year was among the lowest in agriculture (47.2%) and accommodation and food services (49.7%), two areas with average hourly wages below the national average. 

    In health care and social assistance (53.6%) and educational services (50.3%), where the majority of employees are unionized, the proportion of employees who received a rise was similarly relatively low.

    In contrast, the proportion of employees who had received a rise was among the greatest in manufacturing (67.7%), finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing (68.2%), and professional, scientific and technical services (68.4%), three sectors where unionization is often low.

    Employment in Canada hit a record high in May, and during the summer, there were record numbers of job openings and record-low unemployment rates in the country’s labour market. 

    Consumer inflation in the headlines reached levels not seen in nearly 40 years during the late spring and summer months. In recent times, employment also fell or was flat for four months before increasing in October. 

    Source: Statistics Canada