New TEER System Arrives Next Week-Here's What You Need To Know

New TEER System Implements Next Week – All You Need To Know


On November 16, next week, IRCC will implement the new National Occupation Classification (NOC) 2021, the Training, Education, Experience, and Responsibilities (TEER) system. With this implementation, several changes are coming to the Express Entry system. 

These changes will impact Express Entry eligibility. For example, 16 NOC C occupations will become eligible for Express Entry. Additionally, it will also be implemented by all the provincial nominee programs (PNPs). For e.g., 12 NOC codes will become ineligible for the Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP)

Another change is in the eligibility criteria of the Express Entry. As with NOC 2016 system, an applicant needed to have skilled experience, such as in NOC 0, A or B, to qualify for Express Entry. Next week, with the implementation of NOC 2021, the eligibility criteria for Express Entry will change. 

In this article, you can learn about the upcoming changes in the Express Entry system with the implementation of the new NOC c or the TEER system.  



What is the new NOC 2021 and the TEER system?

Canada uses NOC, National Occupation Classification, as a national standard for identifying occupations. After every ten years, the Canadian federal government updates NOC to reflect the country’s labour and economic market changes. 

The old 4-digit “Skill Level” structure will be replaced by the NOC 2021. To illustrate the level of Training, Education, Experience and Responsibilities (TEER) required for a given occupation, new NOC categories are introduced. These new categories include a brand-new five-digit hierarchical structure. 

Understanding NOC 2021 categorisation and the TEER system

TEER

Overview of the new TEER categories 

TEER 0: This category includes legislative and senior management occupations with significant experience and knowledge and handles responsibility for directing, resource planning and management. 

TEER 1: This category typically calls for a college/ university degree or prior experience and knowledge in the subject matter from a similar job listed under TEER 2.

TEER 2: This includes occupations with major safety or supervisory duties and typically need two to three years of post-secondary education or at least two years of apprenticeship training.

TEER 3: This includes occupations requiring fewer than two years of post-secondary education, on-the-job training, training courses, or work experience of more than six months.

TEER 4:  Occupations requiring either a high school diploma or no formal education are under TEER 4 category. Applicants with several years of experience in this category may qualify for TEER 3. 

TEER 5: This category is for occupations without formal education requirements. 

TEER

Express Entry eligibility requirements with the new TEER system 

To continue participating in Express Entry, you must update your profile with the new TEER system if you haven’t received an invitation to apply (ITA) by November 16, 2022.

Additionally, if you were issued an ITA before November 16, 2022, you must continue to use the NOC 2016 system exclusively.

For the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), and Federal Skilled Trades Program, IRCC has provided updated NOC 2021 eligibility criteria for Express Entry. To understand eligibility after November 16, see the tables below.

Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) 

TEER

Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

TEER

Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)

TEER
TEER

Occupations that will become eligible & ineligible under the TEER system

With the implementation of the new TEER system, certain occupations will become eligible under the Express Entry system. Sixteen occupations previously under NOC C will upgrade to TEER 3 next week, making them eligible under Express Entry. 

However, changes in the NOC will also make 12 occupations ineligible, as some have been moved from NOC C to NOC D, falling under the TEER 5 level. In addition, it will impact applicants under the Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP) that accepts NOC C and above skill levels. 

Below is the list of occupations that will become eligible and ineligible. 

16 occupations that will become eligible under Express Entry 

  1. Payroll Administrators
  2. Dental Assistants and dental laboratory assistants
  3. Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates
  4. Pharmacy technical assistants and pharmacy assistants
  5. Elementary and secondary school teacher assistants
  6. Sheriffs and bailiffs
  7. Correctional service officers
  8. By-lay enforcement and other regulatory officers
  9. Estheticians, electrologists and related occupations
  10. Residential and commercial installers and servicers
  11. Pest controllers and fumigators
  12. Other repairers and servicers
  13. Transport truck drivers
  14. Bus drivers, subway operators and other transit operators
  15. Heavy equipment operators
  16. Aircraft assemblers and aircraft assembly inspectors

12 occupations that will become ineligible For Atlantic Immigrant Program (AIP) 

  1. Pet groomers and animal care workers
  2. Other support occupations in personal services
  3. Longshore workers
  4. Material handlers
  5. Taxi and limousine drivers and chauffeurs
  6. Delivery service drivers and door-to-door distributors
  7. Boat and cable ferry operators and related occupations
  8. Livestock labourers
  9. Nursery and greenhouse labourers
  10. Trappers and hunters
  11. Food and beverage servers
  12. Labourers in textile processing and cutting

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Latest Canada Immigration News & Articles

  • Recommendations To Improve Canada Immigration Made By CIMM

    The Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration (CIMM) released a report, Promoting Fairness in Canada Immigration Decisions, where the Committee investigated visa outcomes in the immigration system. Upon examination, they found the system systematically and unjustifiably disfavours particular groups based on race and country of origin.

    As a result, the Committee makes wide-ranging suggestions to improve the immigration system, which consistently disadvantages some groups depending on race and country of origin.

    After hearing from several immigration advocates, lawyers, and settlement agency staff, the House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration decided to examine the immigration system. 



    CIMM’s Key recommendations for the immigration system 

    IRCC will share their response to the CIMM report and recommendations in a few months. Meanwhile, below are the key recommendations:

    • Visa officers should record applicant interviews to prevent miscommunication.
    • Ottawa should expand the extraordinary measures already available to Ukrainians, such as the provision allowing for the sponsorship of extended family members to people from other nations and regions experiencing humanitarian crises.
    • The Canadian government should establish a separate monitoring body responsible for the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), whose mandate should include dealing with racism and complaints concerning the agency. 
    • Immediate implementation of an Anti-Racism Quality Assurance process for decisions made by visa officers to investigate the impact of individual bias and systemic racism on decisions and refusal rates at visa offices
    • Requesting that Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) dedicate more resources to process caregiver permanent residency applications from all streams faster. 

    As per IRCC, they train all officers to assess all applications equally and use the same criteria regardless of their country of origin. With the upcoming reports, they are looking to examine the impact on racialized applicants and minority community members. 

    CIMM highlights longer wait times in application processing 

    According to the Committee’s information, waiting for durations for various refugee groups may differ depending on shifting government priorities and quotas.

    A non-denominational charitable group called Remember Ministries’ executive director, Jennifer Miedema informed the Committee that fund allocation tells you where priorities are placed or who are the favoured demographics.

    Miedema says that “the uneven distribution of delays equals the uneven distribution of suffering,” adding that even holding out hope for final resettlement could be harmful over a prolonged period of waiting and delay.

    Further, she explains the impact on refugees, as their hopes are raised when they submit their applications, but they need to wait for a year or two without any response. As a result, it has a heavy impact on their mental health. 

    According to the Parliamentary Committee, the government should raise the overall number of refugees it welcomes to Canada during a crisis rather than backtrack on or delay receiving those whose applications are currently on hold. 

    They also want a complete racial equity assessment of Canada’s immigration and refugee system and to allocate more resources to process and give priority to privately sponsored refugees. 

    An increasing number of federal appeals 

    The number of people requesting federal appeals to become new Canadians has increased seven times in the last three years. 

    The court system is becoming overburdened with these judicial requests to contest allegedly unjust decisions made by visa officers and procedural delays. These applications are a judicial remedy in the immigration context that compels the IRCC to carry out a public legal obligation owed to an applicant.

    The recording of candidate interviews has been recommended as a potential solution to help with court-ordered redeterminations of unsuccessful applications. According to Vancouver-based immigration lawyer Victor Ing, IRCC needs to be more transparent and honest with clients to avoid more mandamus applications.

    Next, the Committee highlighted the increased wait times in the caregiver program. 

    The caregiver Program has the longest wait times

    The Live-in Caregiver Program saw some of the longest wait times before and after the pandemic. For example, the average time to process caregiver visas in 2020 was about 57 months and two days. While in 2021, the wait time was 68 months plus one day to process applications. 

    As a result, 15,621 applications were pending or anticipated to be pending in the Home Child-Care Provider Pilot backlog as of December 31, 2021. In addition, there were 1,639 more applications in the Live-in Care Program’s database.

    Arlene Ruiz, a licensed and regulated immigration consultant and a recruiter from Alexene Immigration & Employment Services, informed the Committee that many caregivers are from the Philippines. For them, the delays in application processing cause breakdowns in their marriages and children growing out of their dependent status. 

    Immigration attorney Steven Meurrens also mentions that the IRCC lacks transparency, which adds to the problem. For example, the processing times mentioned on IRCC are inaccurate. Further, the Access to Information Act shows that there have been no caregiver files processed since 2019.

    Following this month’s announcement by the federal Minister of Immigration, Sean Fraser, that Canada aims to settle 500,000 new immigrants by 2025, a new report by the Parliament has been released.

    The announcement comes after a record-breaking year for immigration to Canada in 2021, when more than 405,000 people arrived. The nation is also dealing with an unprecedented backlog of visa applications, with 2.2 million being processed by IRCC as of this month.

    Source: CIMM Report


  • Know Latest Average Weekly Earnings In Canada & All The Provinces

    On November 24, 2022 – Statistics Canada released September 2022 data for average weekly earnings in Canada and all provinces. Due to administrative steps that lead to the collection and compilation of data from our widely dispersed Canada, this data is typically delayed by two months.

    In September 2022, the number of employees receiving pay or benefits from their employer increased by 85,300 (+0.5%), according to the Survey of Employment, Payrolls, and Hours. Average weekly earnings in Canada is at $1,175.37, an increase of 3.5% year-on-year.

    Overall, the payroll employment were largest in Quebec (+39,100; +1.0%), Ontario (+15,300; +0.2%), British Columbia (+10,500; +0.4%) and Alberta (+10,400; +0.5%). The only province to see a decrease in payroll employment was Newfoundland and Labrador (-900; -0.4%).

    Overall, average weekly earnings increased by 3.5% year on year in September 2022, slightly higher than the 3.2% increase in August. Below are the province-wise and industry-wise weekly earnings as per Statistics Canada.

    Industry-Wise Weekly Earnings in Canada (Including overtime) – September 2022

    IndustryAverage Weekly Earnings
    Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction2304.44
    Utilities1927.56
    Finance and insurance1724.12
    Professional, scientific and technical services1639.86
    Information and cultural industries1621.54
    Public administration1532.19
    Management of companies and enterprises1493.67
    Construction1456.61
    Forestry, logging and support1411.59
    Wholesale trade1399.45
    Manufacturing1248.50
    Transportation and warehousing1226.55
    Real estate and rental and leasing1204.10
    Sector aggregate1175.37
    Educational services1145.01
    Health care and social assistance1016.67
    Other services (excluding public administration)981.10
    Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services952.89
    Arts, entertainment and recreation729.04
    Retail trade704.73
    Accommodation and food services468.30


    Province-Wise Weekly Earnings in Canada

    GeographyWeekly Earnings Sep 2022Weekly Earnings Aug 2022
    Nunavut$1593.33$1559.50
    Northwest Territories$1560.30$1552.27
    Yukon$1334.02$1348.75
    Alberta$1266.05$1257.16
    Ontario$1206.70$1198.79
    British Columbia$1175.98$1170.23
    Newfoundland and Labrador$1159.31$1145.71
    Saskatchewan$1155.70$1143.55
    Quebec$1118.25$1120.40
    New Brunswick$1082.99$1066.62
    Manitoba$1066.67$1070.27
    Nova Scotia$1020.83$1027.02
    Prince Edward Island$985.73$975.54

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Which Canadian province has the highest average weekly earnings?

    Nunavut has the highest weekly earnings at $1593.33 followed by Northwest Territories at $1560.30 and Yukon at $1334.02. However, these provinces have very low population being in the northern Canada.

    Alberta has the average weekly earnings of $1266.05 among the major Canadian provinces followed by Ontario at $1206.70 and British Columbia at $1175.98.

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Canada?

    Canada has the average weekly earnings of $1,175.37 as per latest data by Statistics Canada released on November 24, 2022.

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Ontario and British Columbia?

    Ontario has the average weekly earnings of $1206.70, while British Columbia has average weekly earnings at $1175.98

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Quebec?

    Quebec has an average weekly earnings of $1118.25

    Source: Statistics Canada


  • Atlantic Immigration Program Eligibility With New TEER NOC

    The Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP) provides a pathway to permanent residency for qualified foreign workers and international graduates who desire to work and live in one of Canada’s four Atlantic provinces; Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island.

    Therefore, those struggling due to high CRS scores in Express Entry can consider this pathway a potential option. Furthermore, TEER 4 (or NOC C) are also eligible for Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP). This article enlists the program requirements and how you can qualify for the program. 

    Who can apply for the Atlantic Immigration Program? 

    If you would like to participate in this program, you must meet the following eligibility requirements: 

    • Posses qualifying work experience, unless you are an international graduate from a recognized post-secondary Atlantic Canada institution 
    • Satisfy the education requirements 
    • Meet the language requirements 
    • Have sufficient funds to support yourself and your accompanying family member
      • However, if you are already living and working in Canada on a valid work permit, you do not need to show proof of funds. 

    If you fulfill all these requirements, you can begin looking for work with a designated Atlantic employer. Below, you can find a detailed explanation of all the required eligibility criteria. 



    Work experience requirements 

    In the last five years, you must have worked 30 hours per week for at least one year, totalling 1,560 hours. 

    Here’s how you can calculate your hours: 

    • Calculate the hours worked in part-time and full-time jobs. 
    • Only count the hours for paid work, where volunteering or unpaid internships do not count. 
    • Do not count hours when you are self-employed. 
    • Include hours worked inside or outside Canada, and ensure that you were legally authorized to work in Canada as a temporary resident. 
    • In your calculations, count the hours you accumulated over at least 12 months. 
    • Count job experience gained while studying as long as the work hours do not exceed the maximum allowed. 

    The acquired work experience should be among the following  National Occupational Classification (NOC) TEERs.

    • TEER 0 (management jobs such as restaurant managers or mine managers)
    • TEER 1 (professional jobs that usually need a degree from a university, such as doctors, dentists or architects)
    • TEER 2 (technical jobs and skilled trades requiring at least 2 years of college or apprenticeship, or occupations with supervisory or safety responsibilities such as police officers and firefighters)
    • TEER 3 (technical jobs and skilled trades requiring less than 2 years of college or apprenticeship; or more than 6 months of on-the-job training)
    • TEER 4 (intermediate jobs that usually call for high school and/or several weeks of job-specific training, such as industrial butchers, long-haul truck drivers, or food and beverage servers)

    Your work experience must include most of the primary responsibilities in your NOC’s description and the main duties. 

    Requirements for international graduates 

    If you are an international graduate, you do not need to satisfy the work experience requirements. However, you must meet the following criteria: 

    • Have a degree, diploma, certificate, or trade or apprenticeship that
    • You were a full-time student for the entire time you were studying.
    • Lived in one of the four provinces for at least 16 months in the last two years before graduation, these provinces include:
      • New Brunswick
      • Nova Scotia
      • Newfoundland and Labrador or
      • Prince Edward Island
    • Had a valid permit while studying, living or working in Canada 

    Education requirements 

    You must meet one of the following requirements: 

    • If you have a job offer at the NOC 2021 TEER 0 or 1 category, you must have a Canadian one-year post-secondary educational credential or higher, or the equivalent from outside Canada.
    • If you have a job offer at the NOC 2021 TEER 2, 3 or 4 category, you must have a Canadian high school diploma, or the equivalent from outside Canada.

    If you studied outside of Canada, you would need an educational credential assessment (ECA) to demonstrate that your studies are at or above the required level of education for your employment offer.

    Additionally, your educational credential assessment (ECA) must be under five years old from the date you submit your application. 

    Language requirements 

    You must fulfill the minimal language criteria for the NOC category applicable to your employment offer. It might be either the meeting of the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) for English or Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (NCLC) for French. 

    Each NOC category’s minimum language requirements are: 

    • CLB/NCLC 5 for TEER 0, 1, 2 or 3
    • CLB/NCLC 4 for TEER 4

    Ensure that your language results are from a designated language testing organization, which must be less than two years old when you apply. 

    Required settlement funds

    Unless you already have a valid work permit and are currently working in Canada, you must demonstrate that you have enough funds to sustain yourself and your family after arriving in Canada.

    Some of the other requirements are you:

    • Can not borrow settlement funds from another person.
      • Must have this money to cover your family’s living expenses even if they are not coming with you. 
    • Provide evidence to your home country’s Canadian visa office that you have sufficient funds when you apply to immigrate. 
    • The amount of money required to sustain your family depends on the size of your family. These fund requirements are updated each year. 
    Number of family members
    (including those you support that aren’t immigrating with you)
    Funds required
    (in Canadian dollars)
    1$3,327
    2$4,142
    3$5,092
    4$6,183
    5$7,013
    6$7,909
    7$8,806
    For each additional family member$896

    Getting a job offer 

    As mentioned earlier, you need a job offer from designated employers from one of the four provinces. You can find these employers on each province’s website:

    The job offer must meet all of the following requirements: 

    • In addition, the job offer should be full-time, non-seasonal and have consistent and regularly scheduled paid employment throughout the year.  
    • Employers must offer you a position that will last at least one year for NOC 2021 TEER 0, 1, 2, or 3 category (1 year from when you become a permanent resident).
    • The employer must offer you permanent employment with no set end date for NOC 2021 TEER 4 category job offers.
    • The employment offer cannot come from a firm in which you or your spouse possess majority ownership.
    • Unless you are an international graduate from a recognized post-secondary institution in Atlantic Canada, the job offer must be at the same or higher TEER level than the work experience that qualified you for the position (see the chart below).
    • Certain healthcare industry occupations may not require a job offer at the same or higher TEER level as the qualifying work experience.
      • For example, work experience in NOC 32101 (licensed practical nurses) and NOC 31301 (registered nurses) can be used as qualifying work experience if you have a job offer in NOC 33102 (nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates) or NOC 44101 (home health care workers).

    Qualifying work experience requirement for each NOC level job offer

    NOC 2021 TEER job offer categoryWork experience requirement
    TEER 0TEER 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
    TEER 1TEER 1, 2, 3, 4
    TEER 2TEER 2, 3, 4
    TEER 3TEER 3, 4
    TEER 4TEER 4

    Source: IRCC


  • New Immigration Plan Can Help With Alberta Labour Shortage

    As Canada intends to significantly increase the number of immigrants annually, groups in Alberta believe it will benefit businesses facing labour shortages. The immigration levels plan, which immigration minister Sean Fraser unveiled on November 1, 2022, calls for a massive influx of immigrants to enter the country: 465,000 in 2023, rising to 500,000 in 2025.

    Government has a strong focus on admitting people based on their employment qualifications or experience. Alberta-based organizations want the government to ease limitations on immigrants choosing lower-paying positions and to support organizations that assist newcomers’ resettlement in ensuring that the new Canadians can genuinely help with the labour shortage.



    Calgary Chamber of Commerce Report on Immigration 

    The Calgary Chamber of Commerce released a report outlining the crucial role immigration plays in easing labour shortages. 

    President and CEO of the Calgary Chamber of Commerce, Deborah Yedlin, explained that whether you work in the service industry, technology, energy, or the healthcare industry, everyone is searching for that last unit of labour. Immigration has become important to address the talent shortage that every business faces across the country.

    Regarding the latest immigration levels plan, Yedlin accepts the new plan but suggests expanding the options to low-wage workers rather than solely focusing on highly skilled, technically trained experts. 

    According to Yedlin, there is a bit of a catch-22 with programs like the Alberta Opportunity Stream since you require prior work experience and language proficiency, which limits the pool of immigrants who can apply.

    She explains that the government needs to figure out how to ensure that the ability to come and work is offered as an opportunity for a broader proportion of the immigrant population than it already is, including low-wage workers.

    Affordable housing to attract immigrants

    According to Randy Boissonault, a member of parliament for Edmonton Centre, Alberta’s lower cost of living can draw people.

    Since all of the communities in Alberta have done an excellent job of continuing to create housing, Edmonton and Calgary are at the top of the list for affordable housing nationwide, according to Boissonault.

    He anticipates that the hundreds of thousands of newcomers will be able to fill employment gaps in the IT industry.

    On meeting the Alberta Machine Institute in the heart of Edmonton, they told Boissonault that many of their partners are searching for computer scientists and mathematicians who can significantly advance the field of machine learning and artificial intelligence.

    The provincial government oversees a program whose objective is to hasten the processing of visas for foreign workers hired by IT firms in Alberta.

    Yedlin claimed that because Albertans frequently lack the qualifications required for a position, businesses are forced to rely heavily on immigration. She emphasizes the tech positions that have remained unfilled for a considerable time despite being advertised for months in Calgary. 

    Newcomer settlement organizations need more support.

    Rispah Tremblay, senior manager of settlement services at the Edmonton Mennonite Centre for Newcomers (EMCN), which assists newcomers in settling in the capital area, said the immigration levels plan presents some difficulties for other organizations.

    Such that with increasing numbers, newcomer settlement organizations need additional resources, explained Tremblay. 

    Tremblay says that EMCN would require additional funding to pay employees who handle cases, assist clients in finding housing, and teach languages.

    New immigrants might not be able to integrate into the Canadian workforce without the assistance of the staff members who assist newcomers with their settlement needs.

    There must be an additional help to settle and get the right training or support they need as soon as they get here, she said. It will allow them to integrate and start working immediately.

    Tremblay is also worried that the housing supply would start to run out with everyone migrating here. Although she hasn’t heard anything from the federal government on funding to support service expansion, she anticipates that discussions will begin in the spring.


  • Saskatchewan PNP-List of Ineligible Occupations With New NOC Codes

    New TEER codes have now replaced the old NOC system effective November 16, 2022. All the provincial nominee programs (PNP) in Canada will also be following the new NOC system. We will be updating all the changes with new TEER system affecting PNPs.

    Saskatchewan Provincial Nominee Program known as Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP) has a list of excluded occupations for the Express Entry Category and the Occupations In-Demand Category. People with these occupations are not eligible to apply for these categories of SINP.

    NOC TEER 4 (occupations that typically require a high school diploma or job-specific training) and NOC TEER 5 (occupations that typically require on-the-job training) skill levels are ineligible for the Occupation In-Demand and Express Entry subcategories.



    Below is the list of 152 occupations with new TEER codes that are ineligible for SINP

    NOC
    (TEER)
    OccupationTitle
    00010Legislators
    00011Senior government managers and officials
    00014Senior managers – trade, broadcasting and other services
    10019Other administrative services managers
    11100Financial auditors and accountants
    11103Securities agents, investment dealers and brokers
    12104Employment insurance and revenue officers
    12201Insurance adjusters and claims examiners
    12203Assessors, business valuators and appraisers
    13200Customs, ship and other brokers
    14103Court clerks and related court services occupations
    21100Physicists and astronomers
    21102Geoscientists and oceanographers
    21103Meteorologists and climatologists
    21109Other professional occupations in physical sciences
    21111Forestry professionals
    21201Landscape architects
    21202Urban and land use planners
    21332Petroleum engineers
    21390Aerospace engineers
    NOC
    (TEER)
    OccupationTitle
    30010Managers in health care
    31100Specialists in clinical and laboratory medicine
    31101Specialists in surgery
    31102General practitioners and family physicians
    31103Veterinarians
    31110Dentists
    31111Optometrists
    31112Audiologists and speech-language pathologists
    31120Pharmacists
    31121Dietitians and nutritionists
    31202Physiotherapists
    31204Kinesiologists and other professional occupations in therapy and assessment
    31209Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating
    31300Nursing coordinators and supervisors
    31301Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses
    31302Nurse practitioners
    31303Physician assistants, midwives and allied health professionals
    31303Physician assistants, midwives and allied health professionals
    32100Opticians
    32101Licensed practical nurses
    32103Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
    32104Animal health technologists and veterinary technicians
    32109Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment
    32110Denturists
    32111Dental hygienists and dental therapists
    32200Traditional Chinese medicine practitioners and acupuncturists
    32201Massage therapists
    32209Other practitioners of natural healing
    40010Government managers – health and social policy development and program administration
    40011Government managers – economic analysis, policy development and program administration
    40012Government managers – education policy development and program administration
    40019Other managers in public administration
    40021School principals and administrators of elementary and secondary education
    40040Commissioned police officers and related occupations in public protection services
    40040Commissioned police officers and related occupations in public protection services
    40041Fire chiefs and senior firefighting officers
    40042Commissioned officers of the Canadian Armed Forces
    41100Judges
    41101Lawyers and Quebec notaries
    NOC
    (TEER)
    OccupationTitle
    41201Post-secondary teaching and research assistants
    41220Secondary school teachers
    41221Elementary school and kindergarten teachers
    41301Therapists in counselling and related specialized therapies
    41302Religious leaders
    41310Police investigators and other investigative occupations
    41310Police investigators and other investigative occupations
    41311Probation and parole officers
    41407Program officers unique to government
    42100Police officers (except commissioned)
    42100Police officers (except commissioned)
    42101Firefighters
    42102Specialized members of the Canadian Armed Forces
    42200Paralegal and related occupations
    42201Social and community service workers
    42204Religion workers
    43203Border services, customs, and immigration officers
    43204Operations Members of the Canadian Armed Forces
    44200Primary combat members of the Canadian Armed Forces
    50010Library, archive, museum and art gallery managers
    50011Managers – publishing, motion pictures, broadcasting and performing arts
    50012Recreation, sports and fitness program and service directors
    51100Librarians
    51101Conservators and curators
    51102Archivists
    51110Editors
    51111Authors and writers (except technical)
    51112Technical writers
    51113Journalists
    51114Translators, terminologists and interpreters
    51120Producers, directors, choreographers and related occupations
    51121Conductors, composers and arrangers
    51122Musicians and singers
    52100Library and public archive technicians
    52110Film and video camera operators
    52111Graphic arts technicians
    52112Broadcast technicians
    52113Audio and video recording technicians
    52114Announcers and other broadcasters
    NOC
    (TEER)
    OccupationTitle
    52119Other technical and coordinating occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting and the performing arts
    52120Graphic designers and illustrators
    52121Interior designers and interior decorators
    53100Registrars, restorers, interpreters and other occupations related to museum and art galleries
    53110Photographers
    53111Motion pictures, broadcasting, photography and performing arts assistants and operators
    53120Dancers
    53121Actors, comedians and circus performers
    53121Actors, comedians and circus performers
    53122Painters, sculptors and other visual artists
    53123Theatre, fashion, exhibit and other creative designers
    53124Artisans and craftspersons
    53125Patternmakers – textile, leather and fur products
    53200Athletes
    53201Coaches
    53202Sports officials and referees
    54100Program leaders and instructors in recreation, sport and fitness
    55109Other performers
    62010Retail sales supervisors
    62020Food service supervisors
    62023Customer and information services supervisors
    62201Funeral directors and embalmers
    63100Insurance agents and brokers
    63101Real estate agents and salespersons
    63210Hairstylists and barbers
    63220Shoe repairers and shoemakers
    64100Retail salespersons and visual merchandisers
    72022Supervisors, printing and related occupations
    72102Sheet metal workers
    72204Telecommunications line and cable installers and repairers
    72205Telecommunications equipment installation and cable television service technicians
    72302Gas fitters
    72405Machine fitters
    72406Elevator constructors and mechanics
    72420Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics
    72600Air pilots, flight engineers and flying instructors
    72602Deck officers, water transport
    72603Engineer officers, water transport
    NOC
    (TEER)
    OccupationTitle
    72604Railway traffic controllers and marine traffic regulators
    73310Railway and yard locomotive engineers
    73402Drillers and blasters – surface mining, quarrying and construction
    80022Managers in aquaculture
    83101Oil and gas well drillers, servicers, testers and related workers
    83120Fishing masters and officers
    83121Fishermen / women
    92013Supervisors, plastic and rubber products manufacturing
    92015Supervisors, textile, fabric, fur and leather products processing and manufacturing
    92020Supervisors, motor vehicle assembling
    92021Supervisors, electronics and electrical products manufacturing
    92021Supervisors, electronics and electrical products manufacturing
    92022Supervisors, furniture and fixtures manufacturing
    92024Supervisors, other products manufacturing and assembly
    92101Water and waste treatment plant operators
    93102Pulping, papermaking and coating control operators

    Source: SINP


  • IRCC Increased Staff by 45%, But Processing Woes Continue

    In Canada’s immigration department, new data indicate a significant increase in hiring. However, the processing continues to be slow. The operational capacity of Canada’s immigration department, IRCC has increased by 45 per cent from pre-pandemic levels, according to never-before-published data.

    Canada has already received nearly as many applications for temporary and permanent residents as it did in 2019 before the pandemic in only eight months of 2022.

    After a two-year slowdown, the country’s immigration system is already operating 45 percent above capacity in 2019. As a result, the number of applications for permanent and temporary residents processed through the system is expected to surpass the 3.2 million recorded last year before the pandemic. 



    IRCC increased workforce, yet processing times continue to grow 

    Unprecedented data shows that Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada now employs 8,104 front-line operations employees, up from 5,583 in March 2019, with the majority of the new employees hired since the start of 2022. This is true even if the number of employees on leave increased gradually from 559 in March 2019 to 733 in October.

    Additionally, the number of workers who continued to telework decreased from about 100 per cent at the start of the pandemic to 71.8 per cent last month.

    Richard Kurland, an immigration attorney and policy analyst, says more employees can process more files. As a result, it should lead to higher volumes of decisions when combined with the artificial intelligence decision-making system.

    “You are using the A.I. to do the strenuous labour. Now that the files that require human contact are on track and heading in the correct direction, you have more people to handle them.

    However, Immigration officials would prefer to see the following numbers in check, though:

    • Web forms have become the primary method for applicants to contact the department, increasing from 1.61 million in 2020 to 2.26 million in 2021 and 2.42 million as of September this year;
    • Another important inquiry tool is access-to-information requests, which increased from 98,042 before the pandemic to 204,549 in 2021 before falling to 122,016 so far this year;
    • By 2022, there will have been 963 lawsuits filed against the immigration department, up from just 112 in 2019. These lawsuits sought a court order compelling authorities to process files.

    Therefore, not all critics agree that the immigration system has stabilized.

    Lack of clarity for the reasons for processing delays 

    Vancouver immigration attorney Steven Meurrens questioned why there were still backlogs despite having 45 percent more employees processing applications. He says he is confused why processing times “keep getting worse” in multiple programs and certain visa offices.

    Further, he questioned if there are bugs with new technology or if certain visa postings have I.T. issues. Or other Technology-related concerns due to working from home. Unfortunately, since the department won’t reveal, it isn’t easy to deduce what’s happening from the statistics.

    According to Ravi Jain of the Canadian Immigration Lawyers Association, the department’s increased staffing levels did not correspond to the enormous delay in how people were experiencing the online immigration system. He wants a royal commission to investigate the backlogs and delays in immigration.

    In my opinion, they weren’t really doing much, says Jain. But nevertheless, they cannot get away with this. Because it’s harming individuals in so many ways, it just seems “criminal” to me, said Jain.

    Through the main immigration programs, Canada had received more than 2.9 million new applications for permanent and temporary residents as of August 31. Those figures will undoubtedly raise the total above the 3.2 million files in 2019, with four months left in 2022.

    In comparison to the total of 3,225,130 (235,257 permanent and 2.99 million temporary residents) reported in 2019, immigration officers processed 2.25 million immigration petitions throughout the time period—207,590 permanent and 2.04 million temporary immigrants.

    Source: Toronto Star