Last Updated On 9 November 2022, 10:06 AM EST (Toronto Time)
On November 16, next week, IRCC will implement the new National Occupation Classification (NOC) 2021, the Training, Education, Experience, and Responsibilities (TEER) system. With this implementation, several changes are coming to the Express Entry system.
These changes will impact Express Entry eligibility. For example, 16 NOC C occupations will become eligible for Express Entry. Additionally, it will also be implemented by all the provincial nominee programs (PNPs). For e.g., 12 NOC codes will become ineligible for the Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP).
Another change is in the eligibility criteria of the Express Entry. As with NOC 2016 system, an applicant needed to have skilled experience, such as in NOC 0, A or B, to qualify for Express Entry. Next week, with the implementation of NOC 2021, the eligibility criteria for Express Entry will change.
In this article, you can learn about the upcoming changes in the Express Entry system with the implementation of the new NOC c or the TEER system.
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- Express Entry New TEER System To Be Implemented On Nov 16!
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- 16 NOC C Occupations To Become Eligible For Express Entry!
- 12 NOCs To Become Ineligible For Atlantic Immigration (AIP)!
What is the new NOC 2021 and the TEER system?
Canada uses NOC, National Occupation Classification, as a national standard for identifying occupations. After every ten years, the Canadian federal government updates NOC to reflect the country’s labour and economic market changes.
The old 4-digit “Skill Level” structure will be replaced by the NOC 2021. To illustrate the level of Training, Education, Experience and Responsibilities (TEER) required for a given occupation, new NOC categories are introduced. These new categories include a brand-new five-digit hierarchical structure.
Understanding NOC 2021 categorisation and the TEER system
Overview of the new TEER categories
TEER 0: This category includes legislative and senior management occupations with significant experience and knowledge and handles responsibility for directing, resource planning and management.
TEER 1: This category typically calls for a college/ university degree or prior experience and knowledge in the subject matter from a similar job listed under TEER 2.
TEER 2: This includes occupations with major safety or supervisory duties and typically need two to three years of post-secondary education or at least two years of apprenticeship training.
TEER 3: This includes occupations requiring fewer than two years of post-secondary education, on-the-job training, training courses, or work experience of more than six months.
TEER 4: Occupations requiring either a high school diploma or no formal education are under TEER 4 category. Applicants with several years of experience in this category may qualify for TEER 3.
TEER 5: This category is for occupations without formal education requirements.
Express Entry eligibility requirements with the new TEER system
To continue participating in Express Entry, you must update your profile with the new TEER system if you haven’t received an invitation to apply (ITA) by November 16, 2022.
Additionally, if you were issued an ITA before November 16, 2022, you must continue to use the NOC 2016 system exclusively.
For the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), and Federal Skilled Trades Program, IRCC has provided updated NOC 2021 eligibility criteria for Express Entry. To understand eligibility after November 16, see the tables below.
Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
Occupations that will become eligible & ineligible under the TEER system
With the implementation of the new TEER system, certain occupations will become eligible under the Express Entry system. Sixteen occupations previously under NOC C will upgrade to TEER 3 next week, making them eligible under Express Entry.
However, changes in the NOC will also make 12 occupations ineligible, as some have been moved from NOC C to NOC D, falling under the TEER 5 level. In addition, it will impact applicants under the Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP) that accepts NOC C and above skill levels.
Below is the list of occupations that will become eligible and ineligible.
16 occupations that will become eligible under Express Entry
- Payroll Administrators
- Dental Assistants and dental laboratory assistants
- Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates
- Pharmacy technical assistants and pharmacy assistants
- Elementary and secondary school teacher assistants
- Sheriffs and bailiffs
- Correctional service officers
- By-lay enforcement and other regulatory officers
- Estheticians, electrologists and related occupations
- Residential and commercial installers and servicers
- Pest controllers and fumigators
- Other repairers and servicers
- Transport truck drivers
- Bus drivers, subway operators and other transit operators
- Heavy equipment operators
- Aircraft assemblers and aircraft assembly inspectors
12 occupations that will become ineligible For Atlantic Immigrant Program (AIP)
- Pet groomers and animal care workers
- Other support occupations in personal services
- Longshore workers
- Material handlers
- Taxi and limousine drivers and chauffeurs
- Delivery service drivers and door-to-door distributors
- Boat and cable ferry operators and related occupations
- Livestock labourers
- Nursery and greenhouse labourers
- Trappers and hunters
- Food and beverage servers
- Labourers in textile processing and cutting
Latest Canada Immigration News & Articles
- New Minimum Wage In Canada And 5 Provinces Effective April 1
On April 1, 2023, the federal minimum wage in Canada will increase from $15.55 to $16.65 per hour in order to keep up with inflation.
As a result, about 26,000 Canadian workers who make less than the current wage will benefit from the raise.
The federal minimum wage in Canada is mandated for all federally regulated private sectors, including banking, postal and courier services, as well as interprovincial air, rail, road, and maritime transportation.
Furthermore, employees in these sectors get higher rate if their provincial or territory minimum pay is greater than the federal minimum wage.
The federal minimum wage in Canada is revised every year on April 1 based on the Consumer Price Index (inflation).
Previously, the federal minimum wage increased from $15 in 2021 to $15.55 on April 1, 2022.
The April 2023 hike in minimum wage is double ($1.10) as compared to that $0.55 raise last year.
New Minimum Wage In 5 Canadian Provinces Effective April 1
Apart from the rise in federal minimum wage in Canada, Manitoba and Yukon will also increase their provincial minimum wage effective April 1, 2023.
Minimum wage in Manitoba will increase by $0.65 to $14.15 per hour.
Manitoba’s minimum wage was increased on October 1, 2022 from $11.95 to $13.50 per hour.
Now Manitoba will revert to yearly changes based on province CPI, and it is anticipated that on October 1, 2023, the hourly wage will again increase to $15 per hour.
Furthermore, minimum wage in Yukon will also increase by $1.05 to $16.77 per hour.
Nova Scotia minimum wage is also set to increase to $14.50 per hour.
New Brunswick new minimum wage effective April 1, 2023 will be $14.75 per hour, up from $13.75.
The minimum wage will also rise for Newfoundland & Labrador by 80 cents per hour on April 1, 2023, reaching $14.50 per hour.
Minimum Wage By Province In Canada
Below listed are the latest minimum wage in Canada as of April 1, 2023.
Geography Minimum Wage Per Hour Next Raise Canada (Federally regulated private sectors) $16.65 April 1, 2024 Ontario $15.50 October 1, 2023 Manitoba $14.15 October 1, 2023 New Brunswick $14.75 April 1, 2024 (Expected) Nova Scotia $14.50 October 1, 2023 Saskatchewan $13.00 October 1, 2023 Newfoundland & Labrador $14.50 October 1, 2023 Alberta $15.00 To Be Decided (TBD) British Columbia $15.65 To Be Decided (TBD) Quebec $14.25 May 1, 2023 Nunavut $16.00 To Be Decided (TBD) Prince Edward Island $14.50 October 1, 2023 Northwest Territories $15.20 September 1, 2023 Yukon $16.77 April 1, 2024
What is Canada’s minimum wage 2023?$16.65 per hour is the new minimum wage effective April 1, 2023 applicable to for all federally regulated private sectors. The federal regulated private sectors include banking, postal and courier services, as well as interprovincial air, rail, road, and maritime transportation.
What is the highest minimum wage in Canada?Yukon has the highest minimum wage at $16.77 per hour, followed by Federal minimum wage that is $16.65 per hour, and Nunavut which has the minimum wage of $16 per hour.
What is minimum wage Ontario 2023 and when will it increase?Starting in 2022, the minimum wage rates may rise yearly on October 1st. The new rates that will take effect on October 1 will be released no later than April 1.
Currently, $15.50 is the minimum wage in Ontario.
What is the minimum wage in British Columbia?$15.65 effective since June 1, 2022
Federally regulated private sectors
- air transportation, including airlines, airports, aerodromes and aircraft operations
- banks, including authorized foreign banks
- grain elevators, feed and seed mills, feed warehouses and grain-seed cleaning plants
- First Nations band councils and Indigenous self-governments (certain activities)
- most federal Crown corporations, for example, Canada Post Corporation
- port services, marine shipping, ferries, tunnels, canals, bridges and pipelines (oil and gas) that cross international or provincial borders
- postal and courier services
- radio and television broadcasting
- railways that cross provincial or international borders and some short-line railways
- road transportation services, including trucks and buses, that cross provincial or international borders
- telecommunications, such as, telephone, Internet, telegraph and cable systems
- uranium mining and processing and atomic energy
- any business that is vital, essential or integral to the operation of one of the above activities
- Federally regulated public sector (parts II and IV of the Code only):
- the federal public service
- Parliament (such as, the Senate, the House of Commons and the Library of Parliament)
- Private-sector firms and municipalities in Yukon, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut (part I of the Code only)
- International Nurses To Benefit From Easy Licensing In Nova Scotia
The NSCN has announced a first-of-its-kind licensing procedure for registered nurses (RNs) moving Nova Scotia from other Canadian provinces as well as from 7 countries.
These 7 countries include Philippines, India, Nigeria, USA, UK, Australia, or New Zealand.
NSCN (Nova Scotia College of Nursing) is the the provincial regulatory authority responsible for licensure and maintaining professional standards.
RNs from these countries with good standing and character will be eligible for registration and licensure in Nova Scotia immediately with no additional requirements in May 2023.
RNs from the above listed 7 countries and other Canadian provinces will only have to pass the NCLEX (National Council Licensure Examination).
As per the official press release, the new method for registration and licensing for nurses will help in achieving below:
- Effective March 29, 2023 the total processing time for RNs who have valid licences from another Canadian province will reduce from five days to 24 hours.
- Effective May 1, 2023 the duration of the whole application procedure for international RNs (who are in good standing) from the Philippines, India, Nigeria, USA, UK, Australia, and New Zealand will decrease from nearly a year to a few weeks.
- RNs from these countries will be able to submit their applications directly to NSCN.
These seven nations account for 87% of the current overseas applicants to NSCN.
- Philippines – 42%
- India – 25%
- Nigeria – 10%
- USA – 6%
- UK – 4%
- 23 other countries – 13%
In 2022, the NSCN enrolled more foreign RNs than it did in any of the preceding three years combined.
As a licensed practical nurse, registered nurse, or nurse practitioner in 2022, the NSCN registered and licensed 282 foreign RNs.
Please note this is NOT an immigration program, rather easing of licensure for internationally trained RNs planning on moving/immigrating to Nova Scotia.
“I am pleased to share what is truly a first-in-the-country approach to licensing international and Canadian nurses in Nova Scotia. The new approach will significantly decrease licensing time; increase licensure of nurses; reduce administrative requirements; and is aligned with new initiatives of health care partners. It’s a safe and faster process for nurses who want to work in our province, which is a good news story for all Nova Scotians.”Sue Smith, CEO and Registrar of the Nova Scotia College of Nursing
Click here for more details on new registrant portal.
- Canada Announces New Open Work Permit For Turkish & Syrian Nationals
Today, immigration minister of Canada, the Honourable Sean Fraser announced new measures to support Turkish and Syrian temporary residents.
Effective from March 29, 2023 nationals of Türkiye and Syria will benefit from below listed new measures:
- extension of temporary status (study, work or visitor) within Canada free of charge.
- priority processing of immigration applications submitted by earthquake victims
- new open work permit of up to 3 years for temporary residents already in Canada.
- easier transition between temporary residents statuses.
- no requirement of passports and travel document requirements for the Canadian permanent residence applicants outside Canada.
- For Canadian citizens and permanent residents in Turkey and Syria, there will be no costs for temporary passports, passports with restricted validity, emergency travel papers, Canadian citizenship certificates, or permanent resident travel documents.
Applications for temporary residency from the impacted areas, both new and old, as well as applications for permanent residence, including applications for refugee resettlement, are all being processed on a priority basis.
This includes requests for visiting visas for members of a person’s immediate family who are Canadian citizens or permanent residents so they can visit their loved ones.
The purpose of these new immigration measures announced today is to assist Turkish and Syrian temporary residents who may not be able to leave Canada at this time owing to the devastation caused by the recent earthquakes in the area.
Over 16,000 applicants have applications being processed in Turkey and Syria as of February 8, 2023.
Among them, about 1,700 (750 permanent residents and 920 temporary residents) came from the earthquake-affected region.
These new measures will stay in effect until September 25, 2023.
As part of its resettlement programme, Canada is also collaborating with UN partners in the region to offer temporary housing to refugees who have been negatively affected while they wait for their applications to be reviewed.
Further details on how to apply for these new measures will be accessible on the IRCC website in the upcoming weeks.
- Here Are New Updated IRCC Processing Times As Of March 7
This page includes the latest processing times reported by the IRCC as of March 7, 2023, along with a comparison to the processing times from the previous week.
To fully comprehend what these processing timeframes mean, please read the following details carefully.
The IRCC changed its processing tool in the beginning of 2022 so that it now provides correct data on normal processing times rather than merely service standard times.
These processing times are intended to provide prospective immigrants and visa seekers to Canada a rough idea of how long it could take for a decision to be made on their application.
These durations are based on information gathered over the preceding 6 months for 80% of the applications that have already been approved and are intended to provide latest weekly processing timelines.
This does not mean that it will take the same length of time to process your application.
This processing of your application may take longer or less time than shown because it is an average of the processing timings for 80% of the applications.
Remember that the application processing period starts when IRCC receives it and ends when the immigration officer decides whether to accept or reject it.
For more than a year, we have been tracking and comparing the processing timeframes for our readers as updated by the IRCC on a weekly basis.
Citizenship & PR cards
Application Type Current Processing Time Change From Last Week Citizenship grant 23 months No Change Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship)* 14 months No Change Resumption of citizenship 30 months + 6 months Renunciation of Citizenship 14 months – 1 month Search of citizenship records 16 months No Change New PR card 36 days – 3 Days PR card renewals 69 days – 2 Days
*Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship): Applications submitted outside of Canada and the United States may take longer.
The IRCC is currently sending over acknowledgment of receipt (AOR) letters or emails to paper and online citizens who applied during the week of January 16, 2023.
Application Type Current Processing Time Change From Last Week Spouse or common-law partner living outside Canada 16 months No Change Spouse or common-law partner living inside Canada 13 months – 1 month Parents or Grandparents PR 39 months No Change
According to the most current IRCC figures, Canada’s immigration backlog has nearly hit one million people.
Moreover, 969,900 applications were handled within the IRCC service standard timelines. IRCC was processing around 2 million applications as of January 31, 2023.
Application Type Current Processing Time Change From Last Week In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted in person at Service Canada Centre – Passport services) 10 business days No Change In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted by mail to Service Canada Centre) 20 business days No Change In-Canda Urgent pick-up By the end of next business day No Change In-Canada Express pick-up 2-9 business days No Change Regular passport application mailed from outside Canada 20 business days No Change
Economic Class Permanent Residency Processing Time
Application Type Current Processing Time Change From Last Week Canadian Experience Class (CEC) 12 months – 4 months Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) 30 months – 1 month Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) 70 months (not updated
No Change Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) via Express Entry 11 months No Change Non-Express Entry PNP 20 months – 1 month Quebec Skilled Workers (QSW) 20 months + 1 month Quebec Business Class 67 months No Change Federal Self-Employed 43 months + 1 month Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP) 24 months + 1 month Start-Up Visa 33 months No Change
Temporary Residence Application
Application Type Current Processing Time Change From Last Week Visitor visa outside Canada Varies by country
India: 58 Days
Nigeria: 376 Days
United States: 24 Days
Pakistan: 166 Days
Philippines: 31 Days
UAE: 320 Days
Bangladesh: 185 Days
Sri Lanka: 135 Days
United Kingdom: 30 Days
– 12 Days for India
+ 46 Days for Nigeria
No Change for United States
– 17 Days for Pakistan
– 2 Days for Philippines
+ 2 Days for UAE
– 18 Day for Bangladesh
+ 3 Days for Sri Lanka
– 5 Days for UK
Visitor visa inside Canada Online: 12 days
Paper-Based: 32 days
– 1 Day for online
No Change for paper-based
Parents or Grandparents Super Visa Varies by country
India: 133 Days
Nigeria: 396 Days
United States: 121 Days
Pakistan: 422 Days
Philippines: 226 Days
UAE: 327 Days
Bangladesh: 253 Days
Sri Lanka: 304 Days
United Kingdom: 169 Days
– 1 Day for India
No Change for Nigeria
– 4 Days for United States
+ 6 Days for Pakistan
– 2 Days for Philippines
+ 13 Days for UAE
+ 4 Days for Bangladesh
+ 24 Days for Sri Lanka
+ 1 Day for UK
Study Permit Outside Canada 10 Weeks No Change Visitor Extension (Visitor Record) Online: 181 days
Paper-Based: 91 days
+ 6 Days (Online)
– 4 Days for Paper-Based
Study Permit Inside Canada 4 Weeks No Change Study Permit Extension Online: 109 Days
Paper-Based: 107 Days
– 9 Days (Online)
– 6 Days (Paper-Based)
Work Permit Outside Canada* Varies by country
India: 8 Weeks
Nigeria: 27 Weeks
United States: 15 Weeks
Pakistan: 45 Weeks
Philippines: 12 Weeks
UAE: 42 Weeks
Bangladesh: 30 Weeks
Sri Lanka: 21 Weeks
United Kingdom: 11 Weeks
No Change for India
No Change for Nigeria
– 1 Week for United States
+ 2 Weeks for Pakistan
– 2 Weeks for Philippines
+ 6 Weeks for UAE
– 1 Week for Bangladesh
– 1 Weeks for Sri Lanka
– 1 Week for UK
Work Permit Inside Canada Online: 156 Days
Paper-Based: 53 Days
– 2 Days (Online)
– 5 Days for paper-based
International Experience Canada (Current Season) 3 Weeks + 1 Week Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program (SAWP) 25 Days + 3 Days Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) 5 minutes No Change
*Applications for the critical job positions are currently being prioritized. Your processing time can be longer than indicated above if you are not applying for a position in a critical occupation.
- Victim Of Fraud; International Students In Canada Facing Removal Orders
Several international students in Canada are facing removal orders from the Canadian immigration department.
It is an unfortunate situation because most of these international students are actually victims of fraudulent agents.
These agents, who without their knowledge, submitted forged documents including fake offer letters or GICs.
Moreover, they are trapped by the outdated Canadian system since the immigration department is sending them removal order letters after 2-3 years of completion of their studies in Canada.
The removal order letters are being sent since 2021 offering these students to appeal the removal orders.
Some of these students are receiving letters now. According to one of the sources, the number of international students facing removal orders is in the multiple of 100s.
Recently, in a similar case of Karamjeet Kaur, the federal court upheld the decision by Immigration Division (ID) ordering her to leave Canada.
She now only has humanitarian and compassionate consideration of her case left.
Ironically, she came to Canada on a study permit in 2018 and her agent in India used the fake letter to get her file processed, which she was unaware of.
Karamjeet got a removal order in 2022 when she applied for her permanent residency (PR), 4 years after her entry to Canada.
However, in February 2023 Federal court ruled that it was her responsibility to call the college and confirm whether the offer letter was genuine or not.
Gaps In The Canadian Immigration System
International students have been protesting against these removal orders and pointing out gaps in the Canadian immigration system.
Offer letters or GICs or documents are not usually verified by students as they trust their consultants or agents back in India.
As per students, if the offer letter or GIC or any document was fake in their study permit application, the immigration department should have pointed out it at the time of issuing a visa to Canada.
IRCC offices in India, who are trained and experienced at catching forged documents in an applications were also deceived by the same fake documents.
If such officials are unable detect fake documents, then how a teenager or naive young student would have caught such a scam?
Rather, they themselves were victims of this fraud.
Moreover, when they landed at a Canadian airport and an immigration check was done, no official were able to point out the forged documents.
As in Karamjeet Kaur’s case, the agent told her after she landed in Canada, that he had some dispute with the college authorities, so she would have to change her college.
Being new at such a young age in Canada, in such a situation, no one reaches out to college and confirms whether their offer letter is fake or original.
Now that these scams are made public, definitely new students will be cautiously confirming all the documents are original or not. But at that time, nobody knew about these frauds.
After completing their studies in Canada, international students apply to the immigration department for a post-graduation work permit (PGWP).
Even at that point, the immigration department didn’t point out any inconsistencies and issued them work permit to legally work in Canada.
Most of these students are receiving removal orders after 3-4 years of coming to Canada at the time they applied for permanent residency (PR) under one or another program.
What is a removal order in these cases?
The common word used by most people is “deportation.” Deportation is the permanent ban from returning to Canada and people cannot return unless they apply for an Authorization to Return to Canada (ARC).
However, most of these international students are facing an “exclusion order” because of “misrepresentation.” This means that they are removed from Canada for 5 years.
Misrepresentation is defined as intentional or unintentional misrepresentation or withholding substantial information on a relevant topic that causes or may cause an error in decision making.
International students now have the option to appeal their removal orders and the court will decide their fate.
Click here to know the basis of the Federal court’s decision in the Karamjeet Kaur Canada removal order case.
- Canada Opens New IRCC Operation Centre For Faster Processing
Today, IRCC announced that Canada has opened a new application processing centre in Manila, Philippines.
This new centre is aimed at supporting the Indo-Pacific strategy for Canada immigration and to speed up the processing of immigration applications both domestically and internationally.
There are already more than 50 IRCC visa offices spread among Canadian high commissioners, consulates, and embassies across the world.
And, this new centre will be supported by 37 new employees to boost global immigration processing capacity and support Indo-Pacific strategy.
The new facility is housed inside the Canadian Embassy in Manila and will help to manage the large number of visa applications received from throughout the world.
Additionally, it will support continuing initiatives of IRCC to enhance customer service and assist in achieving Canada’s future plans of record immigration numbers.
Canada is aiming to welcome around 1.5 million immigrants, in accordance with immigration levels plan of 2023-2025.
960,000 individuals of Philippine origina reside in Canada, according to the census of 2021. Furthermore, an increasing number of Filipino residents come to the country to visit friends and family.
Moreover, Canada is also one of the top choice by Filipinos to study for higher education and eventually integrate into Canadian economy.
What is Indo-Pacific Strategy in regards to Canada Immigration
The Indo-Pacific region is the fastest-growing economic region in the world and a large source of new immigrants for Canada.
India, China, and the Philippines were the top three source countries for permanent residents to Canada in 2022.
The goal of Canada’s policy is to boost the capacity for processing applications locally and throughout the Indo-Pacific region, including New Delhi, Chandigarh, Islamabad, and Manila, with an initial expenditure of $74.6 million over five years.
With such a huge investment specifically for Indo-Pacific strategy, it is clearly evident how important this region is for Canada immigration.
These new resources will assist ongoing efforts to manage the huge amount of visa applications from the Indo-Pacific area, bringing more individuals to Canada—whether for visits, studies, employment, or permanent immigration—and doing so more promptly.
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