Canada PNP

3 Canada PNPs For Express Entry Without A Job Offer


Provinces in Canada use the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) to fill specific local labour shortages. Unlike the Express Entry high federal skilled worker draws, the PNPs have continued throughout the pandemic. For this reason, the provincial nominee program continues to be a viable pathway for Canadian permanent residency.

Apart from this, provincial nomination gives additional 600 points to your Express Entry profile. Most PNP programs have mandatory requirement to have a job offer, work experience or education from that particular province.

However, some PNPs consider applicants based on their ability to alleviate labour shortages in the province. This article will discuss PNPs that do not essentially require a job offer or previous work experience in the province. 

Saskatchewan International Skilled Worker Stream

The province of Saskatchewan is in Canada’s prairie region, between Alberta and Manitoba. It is becoming increasingly popular because of its economic growth and job opportunities. 

Under Saskatchewan’s International Skilled Worker are Occupations In-Demand and Express Entry streams. Additionally, Saskatchewan handpicks candidates using the Expression of Interest (EOI) system.

To submit an Expression of Interest under Occupations In-Demand, an applicant must have: 

Moreover, Express Entry candidates can apply under the Saskatchewan Express Entry stream. To apply under this stream, you must: 

  • Have an Express Entry profile 
  • At least one year of post-secondary education 
  • One year of skilled work experience in TEER 0, 1, 2, or 3 (not included on SINP’s Excluded Occupations List).
Alberta Express Entry Stream

The province of Alberta picks candidates from the federal Express Entry pool to apply for provincial nomination. An applicant cannot apply to AAIP. This stream is beneficial because it considers Express Entry candidates with CRS scores as low as 300. Therefore, many candidates have a chance to receive a Notification of Interest from the province. However, having a CRS score above 300 does not guarantee an invitation from Alberta’s Express Entry stream. 

Furthermore, with each round of invitations, the Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program publishes the CRS scores of the lowest-ranking candidate. However, it does not reveal any targeted criteria. Below are a few factors that may help improve chances, but are not mandatory requirements: 

  • Job offer or work experience from an Albertan employer
  • Graduate of a Canadian post-secondary institution from Alberta
  • Having a parent, child, brother and/or sister who is a permanent resident living in Alberta, or a Canadian citizen living in Alberta

Click here for 68 high demand jobs and ineligible occupations for Alberta.

Nova Scotia Labour Market Priorities Stream 

Nova Scotia’s Labour Market Priorities is another stream that selects candidates from the Express Entry pool. It is important to note that Nova Scotia does not post its targeted occupation or criteria. However, this stream does not essentially require a connection to the province. The minimum eligibility criteria include: 

  • having a valid Express Entry profile 
  • Indicating interest in Nova Scotia.
  • Must receive a Letter of Interest in the Express Entry profile from the Nova Scotia Office of Immigration
  • Must have legal status in the country of residence when applying.  

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  • New Program Updates For The Canada Caregiver Pilot Programs

    On December 6, 2022, IRCC published updates for the Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot that come under the Canada Caregiver Program. There are a changes to the experience, language and education requirements, and updated job offer assessment and admissibility criteria. 

    Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot will start accepting application as enter the new year 2023. IRCC has a quota of accepting only 2,750 applications under each of the pilot programs.

    Program deliver updates contains policy, procedures and guidance used by IRCC staff. It is posted on the department’s website as a courtesy to stakeholders. Learn about the new program updates below. 

    Updated language requirements

    The candidate must demonstrate that they have achieved a level 5 in the Canadian Language Benchmarks or the Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens in either English or French for each of the four language skill areas:

    • reading
    • writing
    • speaking
    • listening

    Updated application process and who can apply 

    Under the Home Child Care Provider and Home Support Worker pilots, all applications for permanent residency (APR) must be filed at the Case Processing Centre in Edmonton (CPC-E) in Alberta.

    There are two caps for each pilot:

    Intake cap: In each pilot, a maximum of 2,750 applications will be accepted for intake per calendar year. It applies to all applicants, even if their applications are incomplete. 

    Processing cap: Each pilot will process a maximum of 2,750 applications per fiscal year. To be deemed complete and eligible for processing, applications must meet the conditions outlined in section 10 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR) and the application kit.



    About the updated process 

    Category of gaining experience (Category A)

    You must meet the eligibility and admission standards directly if you have less than 24 months of relevant Canadian work experience. These include the following:

    Officers evaluate applications based on the criteria listed above. If the applicant is eligible and admissible, an occupation-restricted open work permit (OROWP) is issued, and the permanent residency application is placed on hold. 

    Dependents who apply for permanent residency with the principal applicant may be entitled to join the principal applicant and may be granted open work permits or study permits. 

    When applying for permanent residence through one of these pilot programs, applicants must submit an application for a work permit for themselves, as well as applications for work or study permits or applications to enter Canada as a visitor or to extend their stay as a visitor for any accompanying dependents.

    The principal applicant must obtain 24 months of valid, full-time Canadian work experience after receiving an OROWP. To remain eligible for the program, this must occur within three years of receiving their OROWP. Applicants must provide documentation of gaining this work experience within three years of receiving their OROWP.

    If the officer believes that the work experience submitted before issuing the OROWP does not match the criteria for valid work experience (e.g., inadequate time or inaccurate NOC) after the issuance of the OROWP, they may decline the application.

    Direct entry into the permanent residence category (Category B)

    A candidate with at least 24 months of qualified Canadian work experience must meet the following requirements:

    The application may be rejected if the officer determines that the provided work experience does not satisfy the requirements for acceptable work experience (e.g., the applicant does not have sufficient work experience or appropriate work experience).

    Updated completeness check upon receipt

    Applications submitted for the Home Child Care Provider and Home Support Worker pilot programs must be checked for completeness following the standards and the application kit specifications in effect at the time of submission.

    If the application satisfies all requirements, the Case Processing Center does the following: 

    • Inputs application information into the Global Case Management System (GCMS)
    • reimburses the processing fee
    • provides the applicant with an acknowledgement of receipt with an E number

    If the application is incomplete, the CPC notifies the applicant and records the incident in GCMS before returning the package and fees to them. In general, there are exceptions. As for assessing applications for completeness, offices can provide assistance when necessary. It is especially true when a document is missing and a documented explanation for its absence is provided.

    Examining the application against the selection criteria

    Based on the information and documentation provided in the application, applicants are evaluated against the pass-and-fail selection criteria listed below. In addition, to get authorized, applicants must meet the following criteria:

    • Education -The candidate must submit proof that they have completed either of the following items:
      • A 1-year post-secondary (or higher) educational credential in Canada or 
      • a foreign educational credential equivalent to the above, as well as an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report issued for immigration reasons by an IRCC-designated organization
    • Official language proficiency – as explained in the first section of this article. 

    In addition, applicants must provide proof of either of the following:

    Updated admissibility requirements 

    Whether or not they are accompanying, the primary candidate and their family members must undergo security, criminal background checks, and medical exams. 

    After the application has met specific eligibility requirements and either of the following, an officer will evaluate these admissibility conditions:

    • Once all requirements, including those pertaining to work experience, have been satisfied and the candidate has demonstrated that they have at least 24 months of verifiable relevant work experience in their original application (Category B – Direct to permanent residence)
    • Before the application is granted an occupation-restricted open work permit (OROWP), if the applicant has less than 24 months of qualifying work experience (Category A – Gaining experience – stage 1)
      • Before granting permanent residence status, the officer checks that the applicant and family members, whether accompanying or not, are still allowed to Canada when the applicant presents documentation of obtaining 24 months of qualifying work experience. This may necessitate extra medical examinations (if they have not expired) and additional police checks.

    Applicants are highly advised to provide police certifications with their application. If the police certificates are not included, the processing office must seek one for the applicant’s current country of residence and one for any country where they have lived for 6 months or more since they were 18. 

    What is Canada Caregiver program?

    Families can hire foreign caregivers to look after children, seniors, or anyone with documented medical needs in their homes. However, with the ongoing labour shortage, Canada has a severe shortage of caregivers. Due to this, the government introduced the pilot caregiver program. 

    Currently, two programs under the Caregiver pilot enable Canadian citizens and permanent residents residing in Canada to employ foreign caregivers to work in their homes, Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot.

    The Home Child Care Provider Pilot focuses on those who work with young children under 18. While the Home Support Worker pilot is for those who assist the elderly, people with disabilities and recovering patients. 


  • Here Are New Immigration Targets By Quebec For 2023

    Quebec released immigration targets for 2023. As per these targets, Quebec has set a target for welcoming 39,800 to 45,150 permanent residents (PRs) under different categories. Economic immigration target is unchanged for 2023.

    Quebec, with 22 percent of Canada’s population, is entitled to higher share of the annual immigration intake. According to the Canadian government’s plan, there will be 465,000 newcomers next year, which means the Quebec has the legal right to welcome 102,300 newcomers, but Quebec government has willingly chosen to only accept half of that amount.

    “Immigrants bring with them a wide range of talents to Quebec and all the supports must be in place to help them integrate,” said Quebec Immigration Minister Christine Fréchette’s in a statement in French.



    Quebec Economic Immigration Target 2023

    Quebec will be welcoming up to 33,900 immigrants in 2023 under Economic immigration, same as Economic immigration target in 2022. However, target has increased by more than 2% for skilled workers. This change seems to be compensated from “other Economic categories” as compared to 2022 Quebec immigration targets.

    In 2022, Quebec set a target of 27,400-28,800 for economic immigration and 600-800 target for “other economic categories.” However, target for “other economic categories” is now reduced to 0 – 100 for 2023.

    CategoryMinimum TargetMaximum Target
    Economic immigration category32,00033,900
    Skilled Workers28,00029,500
    Business People4,0004,300
    Other Economic categories0100

    Family Reunification Target 2023

    Quebec has set a quota of conferring permanent residency under family reunification between 10,200 to 10,600. This is totally unchanged as compared to the 2022 targets.

    CategoryMinimum TargetMaximum Target
    Family Reunification10,20010,600

    Quebec Refugees Immigration Target 2023

    Similarly, rest of the immigration quota allocation has been unchanged by the Quebec immigration department for 2023 conversely to the Canada’s aggressive immigration levels plan announced on November 1, 2022. Below listed are the rest of the target by Quebec for 2023.

    CategoryMinimum TargetMaximum Target
    Refugees and people in similar situations6,9007,500
    Refugees selected abroad4,4004,700
    State-supported refugees1,6501,700
    Sponsored refugees2,7503,000
    Refugee recognized in Canada2,5002,800
    Other immigration categories400500

  • Latest Quebec Arrima Draw Sent 513 New Invites For PR

    Quebec held a new Regular Skilled Worker Program (RSWP) draw and invited 513 candidates for permanent residence on December 1, 2022. The draw invited those with scores equal to or higher than 589 points. The extraction from the Arrima bank will take place on November 28, 2022, at 6:30 a.m.

    Furthermore, the draw targeted applicants with a legitimate job offer outside the territory of the Montreal Metropolitan Community in one of the below listed occupations. Check out in later part of this post/article score calculation criteria.

    • List of Occupations invited in December 1 Arrima draw
      • 0213 – Computer systems managers
      • 2147 – Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)
      • 2131 – Civil Engineers
      • 2132 – Mechanical Engineers
      • 2133 – Electrical and electronics engineers
      • 2141 – Industrial and manufacturing engineers
      • 2231 – Civil engineering technologists and technicians
      • 2232 – Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians
      • 2233 – Industrial engineering and manufacturing technologists and technicians
      • 2171 – Computer analysts and consultants
      • 2172 – Database Analysts and Data Administrators
      • 2173 – Software Engineers and Designers
      • 2174 – Computer programmers and interactive media developers
      • 2175 – Web Designers and Developers
      • 2241 – Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologists and Technicians
      • 2281 – Computer network technicians
      • 2282 – User Support Agents
      • 3012 – Registered Nurses and Registered Psychiatric Nurses
      • 3233 – Practical nurses
      • 3413 – Caregivers/Aids and Beneficiary Attendants
      • 4031 – Secondary school teachers
      • 4032 – Elementary and preschool teachers
      • 4214 – Early childhood educators and assistants
      • 5241 – Graphic designers and illustrators
      • 6221 – Technical Sales Specialists – Wholesale

    What is Quebec Regular Skilled Worker Program? 

    If you want to immigrate to Quebec to work permanently, the Regular Skilled Worker Program (RSWP) is for you.

    To apply to this program, you must first express your interest in immigrating to Quebec. Then, if your profile matches the criteria required in Quebec, you will get an invitation to apply for permanent selection. 

    Next, to be selected, you must have professional skills and training that will help boost your employment integration in Quebec. Additional factors for consideration include the following: 

    • Language abilities 
    • Age 
    • Spouse characteristics
    • Having dependents such as children 


    Score Calculation For Quebec Arrima Draw

    Foreign nationals are categorized to identify the best applicant who will receive an invitation to apply for permanent selection. These candidates are ranked based on the following Human Capital factors. 

    1. Knowledge of French 

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    2. Knowledge of English and French 

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    3. Points for Age 

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    4. Length of professional experience 

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    5. Level of education

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    Responding to Quebec’s labour requirements  

    Length of experience in the profession and workforce diagnosis 

    Workforce diagnostic for the profession is understood in terms of the list of medium-term diagnoses for the 500 professions in the current National Occupational Classification.

    For the invitation, the profession is distinguished from full-time employment on the extraction date from the interest bank expression.

    To be considered, experience in the profession must have been obtained within the five years preceding the date of extraction from the expression of interest bank.

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    1. Field of training 

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    2. Québec diploma

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    3. Professional experience duration in Québec 

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    4. Professional experience duration in Canada (outside Québec)

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    5. Valid job offer 

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    Points classification for spouse or de-facto spouse 

    Level of education 

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    2. Quebec diploma 

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    Source: Gouvernement du Québec


  • 10 Most In-Demand Jobs In Saskatchewan With New NOC Codes

    According to a two-year outlook published by the Conference Board of Canada, Saskatchewan will experience a net increase of 25,900 in jobs by 2023. The majority of these will be in the industries of tourism, hospitality, and retail as the economy rebounds following the uplifting of pandemic restrictions.

    The Prairie state performed better than the rest of Canada against inflation and a national economic slowdown. Still, it is anticipated that Saskatchewan’s ongoing labour shortages will last for years. 

    Despite the high demand for labour, those from outside Saskatchewan should be aware that some professions are in higher demand than others. Below are 10 in-demand jobs in Saskatchewan and links to apply for them.

    10 in-demand jobs in Saskatchewan

    1. Software Developers (NOC 21232)

    Software developers are in high demand since they are the ones who write, alter, integrate, and test computer code for software applications, data processing applications, operating systems-level software, and communications software.

    According to Randstad, software development is one of the top positions partly because organizations of all types and sizes need developers to design app solutions, develop or maintain internal software, or assist with implementing cloud or other technologies.

    According to Job Bank data, software developers in Saskatchewan make a median annual salary of $71,077 based on a typical 37.5-hour workweek. In Saskatchewan, there were 122 similar job advertisements on the Indeed jobs website as of late November.

    2. Accountant (NOC 11100)

    Accounting professionals are most suited to handle the responsibility of managing finances during an economic recovery. Accountants design, coordinate and manage the accounting systems corporations, people, and governments use to track money.

    According to data from the Job Bank, the median annual salary for accountants in Saskatchewan at the end of November was $79,696 for a typical 37.5-hour work week.

    Moreover, the federal government’s employment website says accountants in Saskatchewan have the best career prospects in the country. 

    3. Retail Sales Representatives (NOC 64100)

    Retail sales associates work directly with customers to sell, rent, or lease various technical and non-technical items and services in every store.

    Indeed reported that at the peak of the holiday shopping season in late November, there were 1,126 sales jobs in Saskatchewan.

    The median annual wage for a retail sales associate in that province, based on a 37.5-hour week, is $29,250.

    4. Construction Trades Helper (NOC 75110)

    Due to the province’s robust construction industry, the need for workers in the construction trades is now quite high in Saskatchewan.

    These people work on construction sites, in quarries, and open-pit mines, typically for construction firms, labour contractors, and owners of surface mines and quarries.

    According to Job Bank data, the median annual wage for these workers in Saskatchewan is $42,900 based on a typical 37.5-hour work week. Indeed has 271 job listings for people seeking employment in the construction trades as of late November.

    5. Heavy Equipment Mechanics (NOC 72401)

    According to Job Bank data for a 37.5-hour work week, heavy equipment mechanics in Saskatchewan can make an annual median income of $67,665 by repairing, troubleshooting, adjusting, overhauling, and maintaining heavy-duty mobile equipment used in forestry, mining, oil and gas, material handling, landscaping, land clearing, and farming.

    Heavy equipment mechanics in Saskatchewan had 70 job posts on Indeed in late November, and Job Bank evaluated the job prospects as fair.

    As per Job Bank, circumstances of a countrywide labour shortage are anticipated to increase for this occupational category from 2019 through 2028.

    6. Transport Truck Drivers (NOC 73300)

    During the pandemic, demand for truck drivers to transport packages soared, and as baby boomers leave the profession, younger drivers are even more needed to take their places.

    The province’s 207 truck driver vacancies were published on the job board Job Bank in late November, and Indeed was running advertising for 394 of them at the time.

    In Saskatchewan, a trucker making the average weekly wage earns $48,750 per year.

    7. Food And Beverage Servers (NOC 65200)

    Regarding servers, restaurants in Saskatchewan are likewise experiencing a severe labour shortage, with only 333 positions available in the province as of late November, according to Indeed.

    Based on a 37.5-hour workweek, the typical yearly salary for servers in Saskatchewan is $25,350.

    8. Heavy Equipment Operators (NOC 73400)

    Heavy equipment operators are in high demand for employment in surface mining and quarrying, material handling, construction and maintenance of roads, bridges, airports, gas and oil pipelines, tunnels, buildings, and other structures.

    Indeed.ca advertised 111 positions for heavy equipment operators in Saskatchewan in late November. According to Job Bank, based on a typical work week in that province, these workers make a median annual income of $58,500.

    The Heavy equipment operators work for construction firms, contractors, public works agencies, pipeline, logging, cargo handling, and other businesses.

    9. Personal Support Worker (NOC 44101)

    These individuals provide in-home care for the elderly, disabled, and recuperating customers. They might be employed by private residences, homecare and support organizations, or they might work for themselves.

    Late in November, Indeed published 144 positions for personal support workers in Saskatchewan, where the typical annual wage for a standard 37.5-hour week is $37,050.

    10. Cooks (NOC 63200) 

    The hospitality industry is experiencing an unprecedented labour crisis, forcing restaurateurs in Saskatchewan to scramble to find cooks.

    According to Indeed, there were 471 jobs for cooks in Saskatchewan as of late November. Nearly 313 of these vacancies were also listed on Job Bank.

    However, it doesn’t have the best salary. Based on a 37.5-hour work week, the median annual salary for a cook in Saskatchewan is $29,500, but there are many employment opportunities in the hospitality industry in the province.


  • Why No Express Entry Draw Today? Know Most Possible Reasons

    Why No Express Entry Draw Today. All the candidates having an Express Entry profile were eagerly waiting for the details of bi-weekly draw. Details of the Express Entry draws are usually made public by IRCC between 1:00 to 4:00 pm EST after every 2 weeks.

    But, there was no draw at all. Furthermore, no information was made public by IRCC on why there was no Express Entry Draw today. However, we believe that draw was not held because of ongoing glitches/technical errors in the Express Entry system.

    The errors/glitches in the Express Entry system started after the implementation of new NOC codes on November 16, 2022. Only one draw was held after November 16, 2022 which invited some ineligible Express Entry profiles and left out some eligible ones.

    INC – Immigration News Canada raised this concern on November 26, 2022 post the November 23 Express Entry draw. Now it seems like IRCC is trying to resolve the ongoing glitches in the system to ensure fair Express Entry draws.

    Major Technical Issues In The Express Entry System

    Some of the Express Entry profiles did not get an invitation to apply (ITA) in the November 23 draw, despite having a CRS score higher than the specified cut off. While some ineligible profiles were invited, this was due to some profiles receiving extra CRS points.

    Another snag was that candidates were not given credit for their spouse’s Canadian employment experience. Applicants typically obtain 70 CRS points for their spouse’s Canadian employment experience.

    Furthermore, some applicants were identified as eligible for the Canadian Experience Class and received an invitation to apply. However, they did not have the required Canadian work experience.

    Moreover, certain applicants received additional CRS points for which they were ineligible and were invited to apply based on those invalid scores.

    Other Possible Unlikely Reason

    As we know IRCC is full of surprises and lack proactive communication. They might be trying to test their Express Entry system to try a new targeted Express Entry draw. However, this reason only has 1% chance for being a reason behind no Express Entry draw today.

    These technical errors and lack of communication reflects quite badly on IRCC, being an important government organization and having a massive financial budget allocation. If they are troubleshooting the online errors or draw announcement is delayed, then a proactive communication or notification could have been sent to the applicants to expect this.

    Or, simply Express Entry rounds of invitations page should have an update highlighted at the top. As of now, IRCC social media handles as well as notice and news page are still mum. They have not provided any information on no Express Entry draw today.

    IRCC is yet to acknowledge and respond to these ongoing glitches. However, answer for no Express Entry draw today seems to be hidden in the above mentioned ongoing issues.


  • 5 Reasons For A Canada Citizenship Application Rejection

    After acquiring permanent residency of Canada, most immigrants focus on obtaining Canadian citizenship to integrate in the Canadian community. Furthermore, Canada has one of the powerful passports in the world and Canadians enjoy perk of visiting many countries visa-free. 

    However, for many reasons, your citizenship application may be rejected. This article delves into the 5 most frequent causes of application rejection and what you can do to prevent them.

    Not meeting the physical presence requirements

    To become a Canadian citizen, applicants must have spent at least three of the five years, or a total of 1,095 days, before submitting their application. 

    However, many candidates incorrectly believe that the required time period to maintain their permanent resident status (730 days) is the same as the period needed to become a Canadian citizen (1095 days)

    To precisely calculate and satisfy your citizenship time requirements, calculate the number of days you spent in Canada. 

    If you arrived in Canada as a temporary resident and were physically present, you may be able to claim your time towards citizenship physical presence requirements. 

    Every day you spend in Canada as a temporary resident before becoming a permanent resident counts as a half day, up to a maximum of 365 days. 

    As a result, to receive the maximum 365-day credit, you must be physically present in Canada as a temporary resident for 730 days within your eligibility period.



    Failure to provide tax records 

    In Canada, filing taxes is a requirement, and prospective citizens must have done so for the previous three years to apply for citizenship.

    The simplest way to evidence your tax records is to give IRCC authorization to contact CRA to verify you have submitted your taxes and meet the requirement.  

    Or you may provide your other personal records proofing that you have been filing taxes. Failure to provide evidence of your tax records may result in refusal. 

    Unable to pass the citizenship test 

    The Canadian citizenship test may not be as easy, so don’t take the test lightly. Instead, give yourself enough time to learn and prepare for the test. 

    Typically, the exam includes twenty multiple-choice and true/false questions covering Canada’s history, geography, economics, government, laws, and symbols. To pass, candidates must get at least 15 correct questions, equating to a 75% or better score. 

    However, if you do not pass the citizenship test, IRCC will schedule you for a second try, provided you meet all the other requirements. 

    If you fail the second time, IRCC will reject your application if you don’t pass the oral hearing, which will be held to test your expertise.

    Nevertheless, not all is hopeless. You can reapply for citizenship, but you’ll have to retake the test. 

    Lacking evidence of language proficiency

    To be given Canadian citizenship, you must achieve Canadian Language Benchmarks Level 4 (CLB 4) or more in speaking and listening.

    Since people typically have to pass a language test to become permanent residents, this shouldn’t be difficult. However, the result of this language test should be on file, even if it has expired.

    You can use the same results to demonstrate your language proficiency. 

    If not, you will have to provide additional documentation to demonstrate that you meet the CLB 4 requirements, which may cause your application to be delayed.

    Skipping the citizenship ceremony

    All applicants who are 14 years or older must attend the Oath of Citizenship for Canada. But many people might not realize that you must be physically present in the country to do this.

    The government has allowed virtual ceremonies for COVID, but the applicant must be in Canada. 

    If you are traveling or unavailable to attend the Oath of the Citizenship ceremony, you can reschedule for a later date. 

    Lastly, if your citizenship application is denied, the immigration letter that follows should explain why in detail. You can reapply for citizenship based on that if you’ve resolved the problem that caused your initial application to be denied.

    However, the good news is that no time has to pass before you can resubmit your citizenship application. 


  • British Columbia Sent More Than 188 New Invites Under PNP

    Today, BC PNP Draw (British Columbia PNP) invited more than 188 applicants for permanent residency (PR). 144 invitations went to Tech occupations under Skilled Worker and International Graduate including Express Entry categories.

    Minimum cut off score drops by 5 points to 95 in this Tech draw as compared to last Tech only draw on September 27, 2022. Below is the breakdown of cut off score and number of invites in today’s draw:

    Number of InvitesCategoryMinimum Cut Off ScoreDescription
    144Skilled Worker, International Graduate (includes EEBC option)95Tech draw
    32Skilled Worker, International Graduate (includes EEBC option)60Childcare: Early childhood educators and assistants (NOC 42202)
    12Skilled Worker, International Graduate (includes EEBC option)60Targeted draw: Healthcare
    <5Skilled Worker, International Graduate (includes EEBC option)60NOCs 31103, 32104

    BC PNP Draws finally resumed after a halt of more than 35 days because of new TEER system. Latest BC PNP general Draw was held on November 28, 2022 after a regular weekly BC PNP draw on October 12, 2022.



    BC PNP Tech Occupations

    • 10030 Telecommunication carriers managers
    • 20012 Computer and information systems managers
    • 21100 Physicists and astronomers
    • 21210 Mathematicians, statisticians and actuaries
    • 21211 Data scientists
    • 21220 Cybersecurity specialists
    • 21221 Business systems specialists
    • 21222 Information systems specialists
    • 21223 Database analysts and data administrators
    • 21230 Computer systems developers and programmers
    • 21231 Software engineers and designers
    • 21232 Software developers and programmers
    • 21233 Web designers
    • 21234 Web developers and programmers
    • 21300 Civil engineers
    • 21301 Mechanical engineers
    • 21310 Electrical and electronics engineers
    • 21311 Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)
    • 21320 Chemical engineers
    • 21399 Other professional engineers
    • 22110 Biological technologists and technicians
    • 22220 Computer network and web technicians
    • 22221 User support technicians
    • 22222 Information systems testing technicians
    • 22310 Electrical and electronics engineering technologists and technicians
    • 50011 Managers – publishing, motion pictures, broadcasting and performing arts
    • 22312 Industrial instrument technicians and mechanics
    • 51111 Authors and writers (except technical)
    • 51112 Technical writers
    • 51120 Producers, directors, choreographers and related occupations
    • 52119 Other technical and coordinating occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting and the performing arts
    • 52112 Broadcast technicians
    • 52113 Audio and video recording technicians
    • 52120 Graphic designers and illustrators
    • 53111 Motion pictures, broadcasting, photography and performing arts assistants and operators

    Care economy: Healthcare occupations

    • 30010 Managers in health care
    • 31300 Nursing coordinators and supervisors
    • 31301 Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses
    • 31102 General practitioners and family physicians
    • 31110 Dentists
    • 31201 Chiropractors
    • 31120 Pharmacists
    • 31121 Dietitians and nutritionists
    • 31112 Audiologists and speech-language pathologists
    • 31203 Occupational therapists
    • 32120 Medical laboratory technologists
    • 32103 Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
    • 32121 Medical radiation technologists
    • 32122 Medical sonographers
    • 32123 Cardiology technologists and electrophysiological diagnostic technologists
    • 32110 Denturists
    • 32111 Dental hygienists and dental therapists
    • 32101 Licensed practical nurses
    • 32102 Paramedical occupations
    • 41300 Social workers
    • 42201 Social and community service workers
    • 31100 Specialists in clinical and laboratory medicine
    • 31101 Specialists in surgery
    • 31302 Nurse practitioners
    • 31303 Physician assistants, midwives and allied health professionals
    • 32103 Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
    • 31209 Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating
    • 31202 Physiotherapists
    • 31204 Kinesiologists and other professional occupations in therapy and assessment
    • 32120 Medical laboratory technologists
    • 32129 Other medical technologists and technicians
    • 32112 Dental technologists and technicians
    • 32200 Traditional Chinese medicine practitioners and acupuncturists
    • 32109 Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment
    • 33100 Dental assistants and dental laboratory assistants
    • 31200 Psychologists
    • 41301 Therapists in counselling and related specialized therapies
    • 33102 Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates (only health care assistants / health care aides are eligible under NOC 33102).
    BRITISH COLUMBIA PNP INCOME REQUIREMENT
    British Columbia PNP BC PNP draw
    How To Apply:

    If you are eligible in one of the above mentioned PNP, then you can create an online profile here. Once you create an online profile, you are eligible to be invited in one of the BC PNP draws. If your score is higher than the cut off. Additionally, click here to get more information on BC PNP.

    Processing Time:

    Estimated processing time for 80% of the applications is 3 months. Furthermore, this processing times are from the date your complete application is submitted after nomination. However, you may need to submit post-nomination request, if any of the following applies to you:

    • There is change in your employment status after receiving an invitation in the draw.
    • Your work permit will expire within 180 days receiving the nomination.
    • Also, if your family structure changes.

  • Here Are Latest IRCC Processing Times As Of December 6!

    IRCC updated their online processing tool, to offer accurate information on average processing times in the beginning of 2022. Immigration Minister Sean Fraser announced this update on March 31, 2022, to improve Canadian immigration system. This article enlists the latest processing times from the IRCC as of December 6, 2022.

    The immigration backlog in Canada has decreased from 1.49 million on September 30, 2022 to 1.2 million as of October 31, 2022. IRCC updated this data on November 16, 2022. Furthermore, 1.04 million applications were still being processed within IRCC service standards. So, in total, IRCC had approximately 2.2 million applications under processing as of October 31.

    What Updates Does the Processing Time Include 

    The processing period begins when the application is received by IRCC and concludes when the immigration officer makes a decision on the application. IRCC bases processing time on the time they take to process prior similar applications. Furthermore, the processing time may differ depending on whether the application was filed on paper or online.

    These processing times are designed to offer new weekly timelines from the last 6 months’ data. Furthermore, it correlates the application volume with operational issues to assist future immigrants in better planning their journey.

    Processing Times for Citizenship & PR cards

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Citizenship grant24 monthsNo Change
    Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship)16 monthsNo Change
    Resumption of citizenship34 monthsNo Change
    Renunciation of Citizenship16 months– 1 month
    Search of citizenship records16 months+ 1 month
    New PR card92 days+ 1 Day
    PR card renewals87 days– 2 Days

    Processing Time for Family Sponsorship

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Spouse or common-law partner living outside Canada18 months– 2 months
    Spouse or common-law partner living inside Canada14 monthsNo Change
    Parents or Grandparents PR38 months+ 1 month

    Processing time for Canadian Passport 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted in person at Service Canada Centre – Passport services)10 business daysNo Change
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted by mail to Service Canada Centre)20 business daysNo Change
    In-Canda Urgent pick-upBy the end of next business dayNo Change
    In-Canada Express pick-up2-9 business daysNo Change
    Regular passport application mailed from outside Canada20 business daysNo Change

    Processing time for Economic Class

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Canadian Experience Class (CEC) 20 months+ 1 month
    Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) 29 months+ 2 months
    Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)62 months+ 12 months
    Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) via Express Entry13 months– 1 month
    Non-Express Entry PNP22 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Skilled Worker21 months– 1 month
    Quebec Business Class65 monthsNo Change
    Federal Self-Employed42 monthsNo Change
    Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)12 months– 2 months
    Start-Up Visa32 months+ 1 month


    Processing Time for Temporary Residence Application 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Visitor visa outside CanadaVaries by country
    India: 160 days
    Nigeria: 179 Days
    United States: 49 Days
    Pakistan: 257 Days
    Philippines: 115 Days
    UAE: 217 Days
    Bangladesh: 215 Days
    Sri Lanka: 212 Days
    United Kingdom: 133 Days
    + 2 Days for India
    – 5 Days for Nigeria
    – 7 Days for United States
    + 30 Days for Pakistan
    – 3 Days for Philippines

    + 19 Days for UAE
    + 66 Days for Bangladesh
    – 3 Days for Sri Lanka
    – 2 Days for UK
    Visitor visa inside CanadaOnline: 24 22 days
    Paper-Based: 46 45 days
    + 2 Days for online
    + 1 Day for paper-based
    Parents or Grandparents SupervisaVaries by country
    India: 163 Days
    Nigeria: 236 Days
    United States: 462 Days
    Pakistan: 240 Days
    Philippines: 181 Days
    UAE: 179 Days
    Bangladesh: 172 Days
    Sri Lanka: 277 Days
    United Kingdom: 179 Days
    – 8 Days for India
    – 4 Days for Nigeria
    – 137 Days for United States
    – 2 Days for Pakistan
    + 1 Days for Philippines
    – 6 Days for UAE
    + 7 Days for Bangladesh
    + 7 Days for Sri Lanka
    – 6 Days for UK
    Visitor Extension (Visitor Record)Online: 198 days
    Paper-Based: 163 days
    – 6 Days (Online)
    – 2 Days (Paper-Based)
    Study Permit Outside Canada9 Weeks– 2 Weeks
    Study Permit Inside Canada3 Weeks– 1 Week
    Study Permit ExtensionOnline: 75 Days
    Paper-Based: 104 Days
    + 5 Day (Online)
    + 3 Days (Paper-Based)
    Work Permit Outside Canada*Varies by country
    India: 8 Weeks
    Nigeria: 27 Weeks
    United States: 18 Weeks
    Pakistan: 56 Weeks
    Philippines: 11 Weeks
    UAE: 32 Weeks
    Bangladesh: 38 Weeks
    Sri Lanka: 35 Weeks
    United Kingdom: 9 Weeks
    – 5 Weeks for India
    – 4 Weeks for Nigeria
    + 4 Weeks for United States
    + 9 Weeks for Pakistan
    No Change for Philippines
    + 5 Weeks for UAE
    No Change for Bangladesh
    No Change for Sri Lanka

    – 1 Week for UK
    Work Permit Inside CanadaOnline: 168 Days
    Paper-Based: 81 Days
    + 2 Days (Online)
    – 3 for paper-based
    International Experience Canada (Current Season)**5 WeeksNo Change
    Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)5 minutesNo Change
    *Applications for critical occupations are being prioritized. If you are not applying for a job in a critical occupation, your processing time may be longer than shown above.
    Source: IRCC

  • City Of Toronto Jobs Hiring Now For 10 Winter Positions

    The City of Toronto administers 42 indoor arenas and 53 outdoor artificial ice rinks. With winter approaching, they are hiring for several Ski, Skate, and Snowboard jobs. 10 part-time positions are available that pay between $15.50 and $21.19. 

    Toronto offers a range of Leisure and Instructional Skating programs, including Instructional Skate, Leisure Skate, Hockey, Figure Skate, Sledge Hockey, and Shinny Hockey at indoor and outdoor rinks. In addition, Scarborough has two rinks that are open all year.

    The Earl Bales Ski and Snowboard Centre, located in the City of Toronto, provides outstanding ski hills and a range of programs for both beginner and experienced skiers and snowboarders.

    Learn about the offered positions, along with application deadlines and responsibilities for each below. 

    Skate Programs Head Instructor-Toronto/East York District 

    Hourly rate: $21.19
    Closing date: December 14, 2022

    Some of the responsibilities include the following:

    • Provide coordination, direction, and instruction for skating programs.
    • Helps with hiring, training, and managing instructors, assistants, and volunteers.
    • Supervises testing methods and teaches classes as necessary.
    • Provides program information through interactions with staff, participants, observers, and community members
    • Obeys all safety and policy requirements as specified in policy and procedure manuals.
    • Carries out office work to support the program.
    • Takes action to address occurrences, accidents, issues, and emergencies.
    • Takes part in planning and directing extraordinary events.
    • Attends meetings and training sessions and participates.
    • Ensures staff members design and conduct programs per the Healthy Child Development (HIGH FIVE®) standards.

    To apply, click here.



    Skate Gatekeeper in Toronto/ East York District 

    Hourly rate: $15.50 
    Closing date: December 14, 2022

    Some of the responsibilities include the following:

    • Assists with overall program facility support and control.
    • Assists with facility operations, such as monitoring and maintenance.
    • Enforces safety standards.
    • Performs administrative tasks to support facility operations.
    • Communicates with and assists facility maintenance personnel.
    • Assists the on-site emergency response team.
    • Attends meetings and training sessions and participates in them.
    • Responds to crises and emergencies following Divisional/City Policies and Procedures

    To apply, click here.

    Skate Program Assistant Instructor-Toronto/East York District 

    Hourly rate: $15.50 
    Closing date: December 14, 2022

    The duties of an assistant instructor include the following: 

    • Assists the instructor with lesson delivery.
    • Helps with classroom preparation
    • Ensures participant safety both on and off the rink
    • Aids in the evaluation of skaters 
    • Supports the program by performing administrative responsibilities 
    • Attends meetings and training sessions and participates in them.

    To apply, click here.

    Leisure Skate Coordinator – Toronto/East York District

    Hourly rate: $19.14 
    Closing date: December 14, 2022

    The duties of a leisure skate coordinator include the following: 

    • Execute coordination, administration, implementation, and direction of the Leisure Skate Programs
    • Direct staff and assist in the recruitment, selection, training, orientation, and supervision of part-time employees.
    • Help plan, coordinate, implement and evaluate special events 
    • Conduct program and site visits
    • Ensures that program staffing levels are maintained.
    • Ensure all policies and safety recommendations described in Policy and Procedure Manuals are followed.
    • Ensures that the program’s site, equipment, and supplies comply with health and safety regulations.
    • Respond to accidents, issues, and emergencies per Divisional rules and procedures.
    • Interacts with participants and staff
    • Attends meetings and training sessions and participates in them.
    • As needed, travels from site to site.

    To apply, click here.

    Leisure Skate Location In-Charge – Toronto/East York District

    Hourly rate: $17.21 
    Closing date: December 14, 2022

    Some of the responsibilities include the following:

    • Directs, coordinates, and administers the Leisure Skate Program location.
    • Assists with the orientation and direction of part-time employees.
    • Controls the Rink Guards
    • Ensure all policies and safety recommendations described in Policy and Procedure Manuals are followed
    • Access to the program and facility is monitored and controlled.
    • Ensures that the program’s site, equipment, and supplies comply with health and safety regulations.
    • Responds to occurrences, accidents, issues, and emergencies per divisional policies and procedures
    • Interacts with participants and staff
    • Organize, plan, coordinate, implement and evaluate special events 
    • Ensure recreational skating activities are monitored and regulated.
    • Attends meetings and training sessions and participates in them.
    • Ensures that staff adheres to the principles of Healthy Child Development (HIGH FIVE®) in program planning and implementation.

    To apply, click here.

    Skate Programs Instructor – Toronto/East York District

    Hourly rate: $17.80
    Closing date: December 14, 2022

    • Teaches skating lessons
    • Ensures that the program’s site, equipment, and supplies comply with health and safety regulations
    • Participants’ safety is ensured
    • Supports the program by performing administrative responsibilities.
    • Assists with special event planning and coordination
    • Responds to accidents, issues, and emergencies following divisional policies and procedures
    • Interacts with participants and staff
    • Attends meetings and training sessions and participates in them.
    • During program planning and implementation, adheres to the Healthy Child Development (HIGH FIVE®) principles

    To apply, click here.

    Rink Guard – Toronto/East York District

    Hourly rate: $15.50 
    Closing date: December 14, 2022

    • Regulates and keeps an eye on recreational skating.
    • Ensures a secure environment for skating
    • Regulates, directs, and monitors access to the facility or program.
    • As defined in the divisional rules and procedures, takes action to address occurrences, accidents, issues, and emergencies.
    • Interacts with the participants and the staff
    • Takes part in the creation and execution of extraordinary events
    • Attends meetings and training sessions and participates
    • Carries out program planning and delivery following the High Five® principles for healthy child development

    To apply, click here.

    Facility Attendant – Scarborough District

    Hourly rate: $15.50 
    Closing date: December 14, 2022

    • Helps facility/recreation staff maintain a safe recreational environment for people with permits, participants, and the general public.
    • Opens and closes the building, turning on and off the security systems.
    • Provides facilities information and responds to questions from renters, users, and staff of the institution.
    • Ensures adherence to divisional policies by the general public
    • Carries out routine cleaning tasks
    • Makes sure everything is set up for participants and permit holders and keeps an eye on usage.
    • Carries out office work to support the program.
    • Participates in the emergency response team that is in place.
    • Completes the shift report in the facility logbook, ensuring that the important details are noted and communicated to colleagues.
    • During the yearly maintenance break, aids the facility maintenance crew.
    • Per the Ontario Health and Safety Act, follows all safety regulations.

    To apply, click here.

    Skate Program Instructor – North York District

    Hourly rate: $17.80 
    Closing date: January 15, 2023

    • Teaches skateboarding
    • Makes sure that the program’s setting, tools, and supplies adhere to health and safety regulations.
    • Makes ensuring that participants are safe.
    • Carries out office work to support the program.
    • Helps with the organization and planning of special events
    • As defined in the divisional rules and procedures, takes action to address occurrences, accidents, issues, and emergencies.
    • Interacts with the participants and the staff
    • Attends meetings and training sessions and participates.
    • Carries out program planning and delivery following the High Five® principles for healthy child development

    To apply, click here.

    Rink Guard – North York District

    Hourly rate: $15.50 
    Closing date: January 15, 2023

    • Regulates and maintains a close eye on recreational skating
    • Ensures a secure environment for skating
    • Regulates, directs, and monitors access to the facility or program
    • As defined in the divisional rules and procedures, takes action to address occurrences, accidents, issues, and emergencies
    • Interacts with the participants and the staff
    • Takes part in the creation and execution of extraordinary events
    • Attends meetings and training sessions and participates.
    • Carries out program planning and delivery following the High Five® principles for healthy child development

    To apply, click here.


  • Extending Canada Work Permit – Here Is All You Need To Know

    You can extend your Canada work permit or amend its conditions if your work permit is about to expire. However, you must apply to extend your work permit at least 30 days before your current work permit expires. Getting a work permit extension also depends on the type of work permit you want to extend.

    Moreover, if you apply to extend or change the conditions of your work permit before it expires, you can legally stay in Canada while your application is processing. In this article, you can learn about who can apply to extend or change conditions on their work permits and how to apply. 

    Who can apply to extend or change conditions on their work permits?

    If the following applies to you, then you can apply to extend your work permit:

    • You want to extend your work permit. 
    • Require to make changes to the conditions on your work permit like:
      • Change in the type of work you do 
      • Changes in the employer you can work for 
      • Change where you can work.
        • This includes limitations imposed because you required a medical examination. For example, you may have received an open work permit with restrictions on working in health care because you did not pass a medical exam.
    • Need to update your gender on your work permit
      • Use this application and attach the Request for a Change of Sex or Gender Identifier form [IRM 0002] if you identify as a different gender from the one shown on your work permit.
      • You could request an amendment to a current temporary resident document if IRCC made a mistake on your work permit.


    Extending Employer-specific work permits

    Employer-specific work permits allow you to work for a particular employer under certain conditions. You must apply to extend or amend the terms of your work permit if:

    • Your job position has been extended. 
    • There are changes in your current job, such as:
      • Your pay rate has changed.
      • new or updated responsibilities
    • You got another job offer.
    • Want to work for a new employer 

    Remember that you cannot start working at a different job or for a new employer until you receive your work permit with the new conditions. 

    Extending open work permits

    If you currently have an open work permit, you might be able to extend it if you’re still qualified to work in Canada. Remember that an open work permit allows you to work under any employer anywhere in Canada. You are not restricted to work under a specific employer or any particular conditions on an open work permit.

    Next, learn how to apply to extend your work permit. 

    How to apply to extend your work permit?

    You often submit an online application to extend or modify your work permit’s requirements. Applying online helps ensure that you submit a complete application. You will also receive a letter proving that you can continue working under the same conditions as your current work permit. 

    Moreover, you will save on mailing and courier fees and receive application status updates directly in your account. Below are the steps to apply online. 

    Step 1: Prepare everything you need 

    Ensure that you have digital copies of all your documents and access to a camera or a scanner if needed. You will also need a valid international debit or credit card to pay the application fee of $155, depending on the application type. 

    Step 2: Refer to the IRCC instruction guide

    Depending on the type of work permit you plan to extend, you can refer to the IRCC’s complete instruction guide before completing your application. It details how to complete each field on the form.  

    Step 3: Answer questions to the IRCC’s online tool 

    You must respond to a few questions before you can upload your forms. IRCC will provide you with a personalized document checklist based on your responses. 

    Step 4: Prepare to pay the fees

    You would have to pay the processing fees for yourself plus anyone included in your application. IRCC will ask you to pay your fees towards the end of your application. 

    • Work permit fee: $155 
    • Open work permit holder fee: $100 

    If you are applying for an open work permit, ensure that you pay both the work permit and the open work permit holder fee. 

    Step 5: Sign in or create your new online account. 

    To apply online, you must have an account. With an online account, you can pay your fees, submit your application and check your application status.

    Source: IRCC