OINP News - Ontario PNP

Ontario PNP – Effect Of TEER System With New NOC Codes


Ontario PNP known as Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) provided an update that e-filing system will be temporarily closed to new activity between November 16 and November 21, 2022. This is because of the implementation of new TEER system under NOC 2021. It will now be used among all the OINP streams.

Furthermore, they informed that expression of interest (EOI) profiles submitted before November 16, 2022 will need to re-submit their EOIs after November 21, 2022. Applications already submitted after receiving the EOI can still access their profile to check status, but will not be able to make any new changes.

New TEER system will affect scoring matrix as well as new codes will be assigned to occupations under In-Demand stream. Furthermore, new draw under Human Capital Priorities stream and Skilled Trades Stream will also be indicating New TEER codes in upcoming draws.



New NOC Codes For In-Demand Skills stream

Below is the list of occupations with new NOC codes under the TEER system for OINP In-Demand Skills stream.

The job position offered in any location in Ontario including Greater Toronto Area must be in one of the following occupations:

  • NOC 44101 – Home support workers, caregivers and related occupations
  • NOC 75110 – Construction trades helpers and labourers
  • NOC 84120 – Specialized livestock workers and farm machinery operators
  • NOC 85100 – Livestock labourers
  • NOC 85101 – Harvesting labourers
  • NOC 85103 – Nursery and greenhouse labourers
  • NOC 94141 – Industrial butchers and meat cutters, poultry preparers and related workers
  • NOC 65202 – Meat cutters and fishmongers – retail and wholesale

The job position offered outside the Greater Toronto Area (Toronto, Durham, Halton, York, and Peel regions) in one of the following occupations:

  • NOC 94100 – Machine operators, mineral and metal processing
  • NOC 94105 – Metalworking and forging machine operators
  • NOC 94106 – Machining tool operators
  • NOC 94107 – Machine operators of other metal products
  • NOC 94110 – Chemical plant machine operators
  • NOC 95102 – Labourers in chemical products processing and utilities
  • NOC 94111 – Plastics processing machine operators
  • NOC 94124 – Woodworking machine operators
  • NOC 94132 – Industrial sewing machine operators
  • NOC 94140 – Process control and machine operators, food and beverage processing
  • NOC 94201 – Electronics assemblers, fabricators, inspectors and testers
  • NOC 94204 – Mechanical assemblers and inspectors
  • NOC 94213 – Industrial painters, coaters and metal finishing process operators
  • NOC 94219 – Other products assemblers, finishers and inspectors

Affect on OINP EOI Scoring

Job offer: NOC TEER
  • NOC TEER category 0 or 1 – 10 Points
  • NOC TEER category 2 or 3 – 8 Points
  • NOC TEER category 4 – 0 Points
  • NOC TEER category 5 – 0 Points
Job offer: broad occupational category
  • Occupational Category 0, 2, 3 – 10 points
  • Occupational Category 7 – 7 points
  • Occupational Category 1,9 – 5 points
  • Occupational Category 4,8 – 4 points
  • Occupational Category 5,6 – 3 points

Click here for Step-Wise Guide To Find Your New NOC code with TEER system.

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  • Childcare In Canada – Here Is All You Need To Know!

    The journey might sound too overwhelming if you are getting permanent residency of Canada, starting a new life and have kids. As a parent, childcare is usually the top priority. Everyone wants to provide their child with the best care. However, it is also essential to manage the costs and ensure that the childcare service is top quality. 

    So, if you have a child or are planning on having one, you are in the right place. This article lists the many childcare options in Canada. Also, it helps you understand the costs so that you can plan your budget accordingly. Moreover, it will also help you choose a service that is best suited to your needs.

    Types of child care in Canada

    In Canada, there are many options available for child care. A few examples of these are – daycare centres, home daycare, nannies, and preschools. Some of the services are regulated while others might be unregulated.

    Regulated services are monitored, licensed, and regulated by provincial and territorial authorities. Examples of these are full-day childcare, home child care, and school-age child care.

    On the other hand, unregulated child care is provided either in the caregiver’s or the child’s own home. In such cases, it is the parent’s responsibility to assess the quality of child care provided.

    Moreover, you will have to manage your relationship with the caregiver. Listed below are the different kinds of child care in Canada – 

    childcare in canada

    Full-day child care centres

    These centres are inspected regularly by government officials. Full-day child care should be licensed and meet the province’s regulations. These include group size, staff training requirements, physical space, nutrition, health and safety, and so on.  Any childcare centre that is not licensed cannot operate anywhere in Canada.

    Part-day programs

    These programs are regulated in almost all provinces through the same licensing systems as full-day programs. However, some requirements may be different. Also, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, and Yukon allow unlicensed part-day programs. Examples of such programs are nursery schools or preschools.

    School-age programs

    These programs are regulated in all provinces, usually up to age 12. However, starting age and specific requirements for school-age programs vary. Some before and after-school programs, recreational and skill-building programs, as well as programs for young school-aged children during summers and school holidays are not required to be licensed

    Regulated family child care (home child care)

    This program is available in all provinces. It is provided to a group of children in a caregiver’s own home. In some provinces, regulated family childcare homes are inspected or monitored by a government official.

    They make regular visits. Some regulations in this program include the physical environment, number of children by age, record keeping, nutrition, health and safety, and also sometimes caregiver training.



    Cost of childcare in Canada

    Child care is expensive in Canada and varies by province. So, it often becomes a challenge to find affordable child care. The monthly cost can be around $179 to $1,934 CAD depending on the province.

    In Quebec, Prince Edward Island, Manitoba, and Newfoundland, and Labrador half of the childcare spaces are at a provincially-set fee. Child care in Toronto is the most expensive.

    Also, Markham, Mississauga, Oakville, Richmond Hill, and Vaughan, all cities in the GTA (Greater Toronto Area) follow with the highest median fees for childcare. The cities with the lowest fees for infant care are in Quebec. Winnipeg also has affordable childcare. 

    How to find a perfect childcare option 

    Listed below are the steps you should take to find childcare that best suits your situation – 

    • Search for Child Care Services in your city. You can find them on your city’s website or the province’s Ministry of Education website. This will provide you with a list of licensed centers in your neighborhood.
    • Choose the location that best suits for based on your work location or home. Ask about their hours of operation. See if they match the days and times when you’ll need childcare
    • Check the environment of the childcare. It should be welcoming, safe, and child friendly. 
    • Confirm that the provider is licensed, regulated, or monitored by the government. Confirm their qualifications. See if the staff is trained in providing emergency first aid.
    • Lastly, ask about the fees and see if it fits your budget. 

    Tips for newcomers to Canada

    Here are a few tips for newcomers- 

    Budgeting – It is important to budget your expenses. Note down all your monthly costs. This will help you better plan your finances and choose the right kind of childcare program. Also, this helps you decide if you should go for private or public care. For example, hiring a nanny may prove to be slightly more cost-effective if you have two or more kids. 

    Grants – The federal government offers Canada Child Benefit to families with children. This grant provides a tax-free monthly payment to all eligible families living in Canada to assist with the cost of raising children under the age of 18. You should apply for these grants. 

    Subsidies – All provinces provide childcare subsidies. However, the criteria, limits, and options may vary depending on the province. You should consider this. You can Reach out to your nearest newcomer settlement centre for assistance.


  • Inland Vs Outland Canada Spousal Sponsorship Applications!

    Inland Vs Outland Canada Spousal Sponsorship: When applying for spousal sponsorship, you have two options: either as an in-land or outland. Both application types have different processing times and requirements to maintain. 

    One frequently asked question is whether you should apply as an inland or outland applicant for spousal sponsorship. The answer depends on your situation and needs. For example, it is best to submit your application as an outland applicant if you need to travel or be outside Canada. 

    However, if you prefer to work and remain inside Canada, the most suitable option is to apply as an inland spousal applicant. 

    Often, most people want to take both options: to work in Canada and depart when needed. However, leaving Canada while your application is processing comes with several risks that can lead to application refusal or denied entry at the border. 

    Hence, inland applicants are strongly advised to remain in Canada while their application is processing. The main reason is that if you depart Canada, you may not be allowed to re-enter. 



    Why should inland spousal sponsorship applicants not depart the country?  

    Considering that you enter Canada as a visitor, having family or spouse inside Canada sometimes serves as a disadvantage because, as a visitor, your stay in the country is limited to 6 months (if extension is not applied or status is changed). 

    Furthermore, when the border official is aware that your spouse or common-law partner is in Canada, it becomes harder, not easier, to enter. It may seem contradictory, but keep in mind that you are asking to enter as a guest at the port of entry, which means you are only visiting for a limited time and will return home after that. 

    If you have established your home with your spouse or common-law partner, you are not truly a genuine guest who intends to return home outside of Canada, and a border officer may reject your admission.

    Frequently Asked Questions about Class Sponsorships in Canada

    Can you depart Canada in case of an emergency? 

    If an emergency requires you to leave Canada, get in touch with a licensed immigration practitioner (consultant or lawyer) before you leave. It would help if you honestly weighed the importance of being allowed to travel against the risk you are taking with your application. 

    Nevertheless, there is documentation that you may prepare in advance that may help you at the port of entry upon your return.

    What to do if you have already left Canada and were denied entry?

    Unfortunately, you will need to start your sponsorship application again if you cannot return to Canada, this time with an outland spousal sponsorship application. 

    To begin a new application as an outland applicant, you must first withdraw your current ongoing application. Moreover, the $550 application fee may not be refundable if your application is already processed.

    You may be eligible for a refund if your application is not yet processed, but it is not guaranteed, and the refund process can take months. 

    Remember that applying again comes with a new set of updated forms, proof of support with a more current date, and sometimes new police clearances. 

    Nevertheless, it is important to note that numerous applicants for inland sponsorship do arrive and depart successfully. Every time they leave the country, though, they run the possibility of having their application for permanent residence delayed or denied if they can’t get back into Canada immediately.

     In addition, living together while the application was being processed is one of the requirements for approval of an inland sponsorship, so even if you are permitted to enter Canada again, a prolonged absence from the country can still present issues.

    Can you change your application from inland to outland or vice versa? 

    No, even though the application materials will be identical, an inland sponsorship has a different legal structure and procedure than an outland sponsorship. 

    Even separate IRCC offices handle the processing of the applications. You cannot request that an application be changed to a different stream once filed under one stream. Withdrawing your spousal sponsorship and submitting a fresh application would be the option if you discover that you must switch categories for some reason.

    For more details on spousal sponsorship, refer to official IRCC page.


  • Recommendations To Improve Canada Immigration Made By CIMM

    The Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration (CIMM) released a report, Promoting Fairness in Canada Immigration Decisions, where the Committee investigated visa outcomes in the immigration system. Upon examination, they found the system systematically and unjustifiably disfavours particular groups based on race and country of origin.

    As a result, the Committee makes wide-ranging suggestions to improve the immigration system, which consistently disadvantages some groups depending on race and country of origin.

    After hearing from several immigration advocates, lawyers, and settlement agency staff, the House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration decided to examine the immigration system. 



    CIMM’s Key recommendations for the immigration system 

    IRCC will share their response to the CIMM report and recommendations in a few months. Meanwhile, below are the key recommendations:

    • Visa officers should record applicant interviews to prevent miscommunication.
    • Ottawa should expand the extraordinary measures already available to Ukrainians, such as the provision allowing for the sponsorship of extended family members to people from other nations and regions experiencing humanitarian crises.
    • The Canadian government should establish a separate monitoring body responsible for the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), whose mandate should include dealing with racism and complaints concerning the agency. 
    • Immediate implementation of an Anti-Racism Quality Assurance process for decisions made by visa officers to investigate the impact of individual bias and systemic racism on decisions and refusal rates at visa offices
    • Requesting that Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) dedicate more resources to process caregiver permanent residency applications from all streams faster. 

    As per IRCC, they train all officers to assess all applications equally and use the same criteria regardless of their country of origin. With the upcoming reports, they are looking to examine the impact on racialized applicants and minority community members. 

    CIMM highlights longer wait times in application processing 

    According to the Committee’s information, waiting for durations for various refugee groups may differ depending on shifting government priorities and quotas.

    A non-denominational charitable group called Remember Ministries’ executive director, Jennifer Miedema informed the Committee that fund allocation tells you where priorities are placed or who are the favoured demographics.

    Miedema says that “the uneven distribution of delays equals the uneven distribution of suffering,” adding that even holding out hope for final resettlement could be harmful over a prolonged period of waiting and delay.

    Further, she explains the impact on refugees, as their hopes are raised when they submit their applications, but they need to wait for a year or two without any response. As a result, it has a heavy impact on their mental health. 

    According to the Parliamentary Committee, the government should raise the overall number of refugees it welcomes to Canada during a crisis rather than backtrack on or delay receiving those whose applications are currently on hold. 

    They also want a complete racial equity assessment of Canada’s immigration and refugee system and to allocate more resources to process and give priority to privately sponsored refugees. 

    An increasing number of federal appeals 

    The number of people requesting federal appeals to become new Canadians has increased seven times in the last three years. 

    The court system is becoming overburdened with these judicial requests to contest allegedly unjust decisions made by visa officers and procedural delays. These applications are a judicial remedy in the immigration context that compels the IRCC to carry out a public legal obligation owed to an applicant.

    The recording of candidate interviews has been recommended as a potential solution to help with court-ordered redeterminations of unsuccessful applications. According to Vancouver-based immigration lawyer Victor Ing, IRCC needs to be more transparent and honest with clients to avoid more mandamus applications.

    Next, the Committee highlighted the increased wait times in the caregiver program. 

    The caregiver Program has the longest wait times

    The Live-in Caregiver Program saw some of the longest wait times before and after the pandemic. For example, the average time to process caregiver visas in 2020 was about 57 months and two days. While in 2021, the wait time was 68 months plus one day to process applications. 

    As a result, 15,621 applications were pending or anticipated to be pending in the Home Child-Care Provider Pilot backlog as of December 31, 2021. In addition, there were 1,639 more applications in the Live-in Care Program’s database.

    Arlene Ruiz, a licensed and regulated immigration consultant and a recruiter from Alexene Immigration & Employment Services, informed the Committee that many caregivers are from the Philippines. For them, the delays in application processing cause breakdowns in their marriages and children growing out of their dependent status. 

    Immigration attorney Steven Meurrens also mentions that the IRCC lacks transparency, which adds to the problem. For example, the processing times mentioned on IRCC are inaccurate. Further, the Access to Information Act shows that there have been no caregiver files processed since 2019.

    Following this month’s announcement by the federal Minister of Immigration, Sean Fraser, that Canada aims to settle 500,000 new immigrants by 2025, a new report by the Parliament has been released.

    The announcement comes after a record-breaking year for immigration to Canada in 2021, when more than 405,000 people arrived. The nation is also dealing with an unprecedented backlog of visa applications, with 2.2 million being processed by IRCC as of this month.

    Source: CIMM Report


  • Know Latest Average Weekly Earnings In Canada & All The Provinces

    On November 24, 2022 – Statistics Canada released September 2022 data for average weekly earnings in Canada and all provinces. Due to administrative steps that lead to the collection and compilation of data from our widely dispersed Canada, this data is typically delayed by two months.

    In September 2022, the number of employees receiving pay or benefits from their employer increased by 85,300 (+0.5%), according to the Survey of Employment, Payrolls, and Hours. Average weekly earnings in Canada is at $1,175.37, an increase of 3.5% year-on-year.

    Overall, the payroll employment were largest in Quebec (+39,100; +1.0%), Ontario (+15,300; +0.2%), British Columbia (+10,500; +0.4%) and Alberta (+10,400; +0.5%). The only province to see a decrease in payroll employment was Newfoundland and Labrador (-900; -0.4%).

    Overall, average weekly earnings increased by 3.5% year on year in September 2022, slightly higher than the 3.2% increase in August. Below are the province-wise and industry-wise weekly earnings as per Statistics Canada.

    Industry-Wise Weekly Earnings in Canada (Including overtime) – September 2022

    IndustryAverage Weekly Earnings
    Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction2304.44
    Utilities1927.56
    Finance and insurance1724.12
    Professional, scientific and technical services1639.86
    Information and cultural industries1621.54
    Public administration1532.19
    Management of companies and enterprises1493.67
    Construction1456.61
    Forestry, logging and support1411.59
    Wholesale trade1399.45
    Manufacturing1248.50
    Transportation and warehousing1226.55
    Real estate and rental and leasing1204.10
    Sector aggregate1175.37
    Educational services1145.01
    Health care and social assistance1016.67
    Other services (excluding public administration)981.10
    Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services952.89
    Arts, entertainment and recreation729.04
    Retail trade704.73
    Accommodation and food services468.30


    Province-Wise Weekly Earnings in Canada

    GeographyWeekly Earnings Sep 2022Weekly Earnings Aug 2022
    Nunavut$1593.33$1559.50
    Northwest Territories$1560.30$1552.27
    Yukon$1334.02$1348.75
    Alberta$1266.05$1257.16
    Ontario$1206.70$1198.79
    British Columbia$1175.98$1170.23
    Newfoundland and Labrador$1159.31$1145.71
    Saskatchewan$1155.70$1143.55
    Quebec$1118.25$1120.40
    New Brunswick$1082.99$1066.62
    Manitoba$1066.67$1070.27
    Nova Scotia$1020.83$1027.02
    Prince Edward Island$985.73$975.54

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Which Canadian province has the highest average weekly earnings?

    Nunavut has the highest weekly earnings at $1593.33 followed by Northwest Territories at $1560.30 and Yukon at $1334.02. However, these provinces have very low population being in the northern Canada.

    Alberta has the average weekly earnings of $1266.05 among the major Canadian provinces followed by Ontario at $1206.70 and British Columbia at $1175.98.

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Canada?

    Canada has the average weekly earnings of $1,175.37 as per latest data by Statistics Canada released on November 24, 2022.

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Ontario and British Columbia?

    Ontario has the average weekly earnings of $1206.70, while British Columbia has average weekly earnings at $1175.98

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Quebec?

    Quebec has an average weekly earnings of $1118.25

    Source: Statistics Canada


  • IRCC Testing New Automation Tools To Improve Processing

    IRCC is implementing tools to help process applications more efficiently as more people apply for IRCC programs. With these tools, IRCC will be using the technology to aid, support, and inform IRCC decision-makers, but not replace them. 

    However, IRCC staff will continue to play an essential role in IRCC’s decision-making processes. The new tools are to automate certain tasks and activities, such as using systems to sort applications so their staff and decision-makers can dedicate more time to complex applications, issues, and final judgments.

    For applicants to have digital transparency and better understand the tools used by IRCC, below is how IRCC states that they use automation and advanced data analytics to process applications.

    Use of Advanced data analytics by IRCC to sort and organize

    With advanced data analytics tools, IRCC uses these tools to sort and expedite applications for temporary residence visa applications submitted from outside Canada. 

    IRCC has also begun a pilot program to use similar technology to speed up the processing of Canadian applications for spousal and common-law partner sponsorship. Modern data analytics solutions can identify patterns to speed up the job and provide better information to decision-makers.

    Additionally, advanced analytics help officers identify routine applications for quicker processing, such as certain applicants who have already received approval to travel to Canada within the last ten years. With this procedure, IRCC can manage their workload better and help applicants receive decisions on their applications sooner. 

    However, it is important to note that using advanced data analytics only determines if an applicant is eligible. For example, when an applicant is considered for streamlined processing, advanced data analytics will help determine if the applicant is eligible before their file is passed to an officer. Then the officer screens for admissibility, including security and criminality. 

    IRCC officers being highly trained will continue to:

    • Conduct background checks on all applicants for security and criminal records 
    • be responsible for the final decision

    Moreover, applications that are not considered routine are prioritized and sent to officers for standard manual processing. It is only the officer who always has the final say on applications.

    As per IRCC, their system never refuse or recommend rejecting applications. According to the department, only an officer makes the decision of refusing an immigration/visa application. 

    In addition, IRCC will routinely examine the system to ensure that they are operating as planned and that the outcomes align with applications that have undergone thorough human assessment. Before extending advanced data analytics to new fields, IRCC will evaluate its performance.



    Responsible technological development

    Before implementing any future technology, IRCC will be investigating its use and evaluate the need for that service, including its benefits and impacts on clients. 

    A team of experts, including decision-makers, will be involved in developing and using future advanced data analytics tools at IRCC, including a comprehensive examination for bias and discriminatory implications.

    Personal information protection

    IRCC designed complex data analytics technologies using information from previous clients’ apps. Other IRCC systems will be designed in the same manner. 

    If you are currently applying to an IRCC program or have previously applied, the information in your application and additional information gathered to support your application may be used by IRCC to create an advanced data analytics system within IRCC. 

    IRCC may use these analytics technologies to assist in processing applications and decision-making in line with the Privacy Act, the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.

    The advanced data analytics systems exclusively use personal information that is relevant and required for the application process, including information provided by our law enforcement partners in compliance with established information-sharing agreements. However, the systems do not use data from social media channels.

    As IRCC extends complex data analytics, privacy will remain a top consideration. Accordingly, IRCC continues to take its personal information privacy obligations seriously and to observe and respect Canada’s Privacy Act and related directives and regulations. 

    Source: IRCC


  • Canada Open Work Permit – All You Need To Know

    Most foreign nationals need a work permit to work in Canada; there are two types of work permits: open work permits and closed work permits. An open work permit allows you to work for any employer in Canada. In contrast, closed work permits are employer-specific, enabling you to work for a specific employer under particular conditions. 

    With an open work permit, you do not require any job offer or LMIA from a Canadian employer. Moreover, you can work a maximum of 40 hours per week on an open work permit. It also comes with the benefit of working anywhere in Canada with any employer. 

    However, a person can apply an open work permit in 11 scenarios as instructed by IRCC. In this article, you can learn about the eligibility requirements of an open work permit for Canada. 

    Who can apply Canada open work permit? 

    According to IRCC, an open work permit is only available in certain circumstances, and you may be eligible if you meet the following: 

    1. International students who have graduated from a designated learning institution and qualify for the Post-Graduation Work Permit Program
    2. Destitute students who can no longer afford to pay for their studies  
    3. Employer employer-specific work permit holders who are being or are at risk of being exploited in their job in Canada 
    4. Those who have applied for permanent residency in Canada and awaiting for decision on your application.
    5. Dependent family members of permanent resident applicants 
    6. Common-law partner or spouse of a skilled worker or of an international student 
    7. Spouse or common-law partner of Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program applicant 
    8. Refugee claimant, refugee, protected person or their dependent family members
    9. You are subject to an unenforceable removal order, meaning you have requested a federal judicial review, pre-removal risk assessment, or humanitarian and compassionate considerations in response to a removal order
    10. A temporary resident permit holder
    11. Young workers who participate in special programs such as CUSMA. 

    Please note that an open work permit allows you to work for any employer in Canada, excluding those who are:



    Work Permit General Requirements

    Depending on where you are when applying for an open work permit, you need to meet specific requirements. However, you must meet the following requirements regardless of where you are and the work permit type you apply for. 

    • Demonstrate to an official that you intend to depart Canada after your work permit expires;
    • Prove that you have sufficient funds to support yourself and your family members during your stay in Canada and return home;
    • Obey the law and have no criminal history (you may need to provide a police clearance if requested);
    • Not pose a security risk to Canada;
    • Be in good health and undergo a medical exam if needed
    • Not plan to employers work for an employer included on the list of employers who have failed to comply with the requirements with the status “ineligible”;
    • Have no intentions to work for a business that regularly provides striptease, exotic dance, escort services, or erotic massages; and
    • Provide the officer with any additional documents they request to confirm your eligibility to enter the country.

    How To Apply Canada Open Work Permit?

    There are different instructions to apply for Canada work permit depending on location. It depends whether you want to apply work permit from within Canada or outside Canada or at a Port of Entry (POE). Click here to get instructions depending upon your situation.


  • Dual Intent Canada Immigration Applications-All You Need To Know

    When a foreign national seeks to enter Canada temporarily as a visitor, student or worker while concurrently applying for permanent residency in Canada, they have dual intent.

    While it is legal to have two intents, one for temporary residency and one for permanent residence, the applicant must satisfy both requirements. 

    The possibility that a temporary resident applicant may be approved for permanent residence in the future does not exempt the individual from meeting the requirements of a temporary resident. In particular, the requirement to leave Canada at the end of the period authorized for their stay. 

    How do officers evaluate dual intent applications? 

    While evaluating dual intent applications, the office assesses if a temporary residence applicant genuinely intends to fulfill their obligations as a temporary resident—to depart Canada at the end of their period of authorization. 

    Accordingly, the officer distinguishes these applicants from an applicant who will not depart Canada at the end of their authorized stay if their application for permanent residence is denied.

    While evaluating applications, the officer considers the specific circumstances of the temporary residence applicant o determine the applicant’s intentions, for which the officer may look into numerous factors. 

    These factors include the following while deciding whether to approve a request for temporary residence: 

    • The duration of time the applicant will spend in Canada. 
    • Applicant’s financial means of support 
    • Valid ties to home country and other obligations 
    • the purpose, context and reasons for the applicant’s stay in Canada
    • Submitted information and documents’ credibility 
    • Previous compliance with IRPA and IRPR regulations on temporary residents (visitors, students, and workers), as well as information available in biographic and biometric information sharing

    Evaluating an application with dual intent implications is no different than evaluating any other temporary residence application. Each applicant benefits from a procedurally fair, such as individual evaluation. 

    Before any temporary residence application is approved, the applicant must satisfy the officer that they meet all of the conditions of the IRPA and the IRPR relating to temporary residence.

    If an officer has concerns or doubts about an applicant’s intentions, they inform the applicant and provide them with an opportunity to respond to the officer’s concerns. Similarly, if a temporary resident application is refused, the officer will mention the reason for the refusal in the letter. 



    Applying with your spouse or partner

    When you apply for dual intent with your spouse or partner, the officer considers the sponsored partner’s circumstances. While assessing, the officer considers the following: 

    • whether or not the sponsorship application was approved
    • whether or not the application for permanent residency has been approved at the first stage
    • how much the applicant has maintained ties in their home country
    • what the applicant’s plans are if their application for permanent residence is denied

    Officers may issue a temporary resident visa if the sponsored spouse or partner can satisfy the officer that they will leave Canada after their authorized period of stay and if their permanent residence application is denied. 

    Applying with Grandparents and parents

    Suppose you are a dual intent applicant who applies with their parents and grandparents. In that case, the officer considers the following factors when issuing TRVs, including multiple-entry visas, to parents and grandparents. 

    • have permanent residency applications pending
    • intend to visit but not immigrate to Canada

    The purpose of becoming a permanent resident does not restrict a person from becoming a temporary resident. Officers will typically issue a TRV if a parent or grandparent plans to become a permanent resident in the future and can convince an officer that they will leave Canada after the approved period of stay. 

    Source: IRCC


  • Atlantic Immigration Program Eligibility With New TEER NOC

    The Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP) provides a pathway to permanent residency for qualified foreign workers and international graduates who desire to work and live in one of Canada’s four Atlantic provinces; Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island.

    Therefore, those struggling due to high CRS scores in Express Entry can consider this pathway a potential option. Furthermore, TEER 4 (or NOC C) are also eligible for Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP). This article enlists the program requirements and how you can qualify for the program. 

    Who can apply for the Atlantic Immigration Program? 

    If you would like to participate in this program, you must meet the following eligibility requirements: 

    • Posses qualifying work experience, unless you are an international graduate from a recognized post-secondary Atlantic Canada institution 
    • Satisfy the education requirements 
    • Meet the language requirements 
    • Have sufficient funds to support yourself and your accompanying family member
      • However, if you are already living and working in Canada on a valid work permit, you do not need to show proof of funds. 

    If you fulfill all these requirements, you can begin looking for work with a designated Atlantic employer. Below, you can find a detailed explanation of all the required eligibility criteria. 



    Work experience requirements 

    In the last five years, you must have worked 30 hours per week for at least one year, totalling 1,560 hours. 

    Here’s how you can calculate your hours: 

    • Calculate the hours worked in part-time and full-time jobs. 
    • Only count the hours for paid work, where volunteering or unpaid internships do not count. 
    • Do not count hours when you are self-employed. 
    • Include hours worked inside or outside Canada, and ensure that you were legally authorized to work in Canada as a temporary resident. 
    • In your calculations, count the hours you accumulated over at least 12 months. 
    • Count job experience gained while studying as long as the work hours do not exceed the maximum allowed. 

    The acquired work experience should be among the following  National Occupational Classification (NOC) TEERs.

    • TEER 0 (management jobs such as restaurant managers or mine managers)
    • TEER 1 (professional jobs that usually need a degree from a university, such as doctors, dentists or architects)
    • TEER 2 (technical jobs and skilled trades requiring at least 2 years of college or apprenticeship, or occupations with supervisory or safety responsibilities such as police officers and firefighters)
    • TEER 3 (technical jobs and skilled trades requiring less than 2 years of college or apprenticeship; or more than 6 months of on-the-job training)
    • TEER 4 (intermediate jobs that usually call for high school and/or several weeks of job-specific training, such as industrial butchers, long-haul truck drivers, or food and beverage servers)

    Your work experience must include most of the primary responsibilities in your NOC’s description and the main duties. 

    Requirements for international graduates 

    If you are an international graduate, you do not need to satisfy the work experience requirements. However, you must meet the following criteria: 

    • Have a degree, diploma, certificate, or trade or apprenticeship that
    • You were a full-time student for the entire time you were studying.
    • Lived in one of the four provinces for at least 16 months in the last two years before graduation, these provinces include:
      • New Brunswick
      • Nova Scotia
      • Newfoundland and Labrador or
      • Prince Edward Island
    • Had a valid permit while studying, living or working in Canada 

    Education requirements 

    You must meet one of the following requirements: 

    • If you have a job offer at the NOC 2021 TEER 0 or 1 category, you must have a Canadian one-year post-secondary educational credential or higher, or the equivalent from outside Canada.
    • If you have a job offer at the NOC 2021 TEER 2, 3 or 4 category, you must have a Canadian high school diploma, or the equivalent from outside Canada.

    If you studied outside of Canada, you would need an educational credential assessment (ECA) to demonstrate that your studies are at or above the required level of education for your employment offer.

    Additionally, your educational credential assessment (ECA) must be under five years old from the date you submit your application. 

    Language requirements 

    You must fulfill the minimal language criteria for the NOC category applicable to your employment offer. It might be either the meeting of the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) for English or Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (NCLC) for French. 

    Each NOC category’s minimum language requirements are: 

    • CLB/NCLC 5 for TEER 0, 1, 2 or 3
    • CLB/NCLC 4 for TEER 4

    Ensure that your language results are from a designated language testing organization, which must be less than two years old when you apply. 

    Required settlement funds

    Unless you already have a valid work permit and are currently working in Canada, you must demonstrate that you have enough funds to sustain yourself and your family after arriving in Canada.

    Some of the other requirements are you:

    • Can not borrow settlement funds from another person.
      • Must have this money to cover your family’s living expenses even if they are not coming with you. 
    • Provide evidence to your home country’s Canadian visa office that you have sufficient funds when you apply to immigrate. 
    • The amount of money required to sustain your family depends on the size of your family. These fund requirements are updated each year. 
    Number of family members
    (including those you support that aren’t immigrating with you)
    Funds required
    (in Canadian dollars)
    1$3,327
    2$4,142
    3$5,092
    4$6,183
    5$7,013
    6$7,909
    7$8,806
    For each additional family member$896

    Getting a job offer 

    As mentioned earlier, you need a job offer from designated employers from one of the four provinces. You can find these employers on each province’s website:

    The job offer must meet all of the following requirements: 

    • In addition, the job offer should be full-time, non-seasonal and have consistent and regularly scheduled paid employment throughout the year.  
    • Employers must offer you a position that will last at least one year for NOC 2021 TEER 0, 1, 2, or 3 category (1 year from when you become a permanent resident).
    • The employer must offer you permanent employment with no set end date for NOC 2021 TEER 4 category job offers.
    • The employment offer cannot come from a firm in which you or your spouse possess majority ownership.
    • Unless you are an international graduate from a recognized post-secondary institution in Atlantic Canada, the job offer must be at the same or higher TEER level than the work experience that qualified you for the position (see the chart below).
    • Certain healthcare industry occupations may not require a job offer at the same or higher TEER level as the qualifying work experience.
      • For example, work experience in NOC 32101 (licensed practical nurses) and NOC 31301 (registered nurses) can be used as qualifying work experience if you have a job offer in NOC 33102 (nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates) or NOC 44101 (home health care workers).

    Qualifying work experience requirement for each NOC level job offer

    NOC 2021 TEER job offer categoryWork experience requirement
    TEER 0TEER 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
    TEER 1TEER 1, 2, 3, 4
    TEER 2TEER 2, 3, 4
    TEER 3TEER 3, 4
    TEER 4TEER 4

    Source: IRCC


  • Know IRCC New Updated Online Processing Times – November 22

    IRCC updated its online processing tool in early 2022 to provide more precise processing timeframe information. As part of an effort to reform Canada’s immigration system, Immigration Minister Sean Fraser announced this change on March 31, 2022. This article lists the most recent processing times from the IRCC website as of November 16, 2022.

    Canada immigration backlog reduced from 1.49 million as of September 30, 2022 to 1.2 million as of October 31, 2022. This new data has been updated by IRCC today (November 16, 2022). Additionally, 1.04 million applications are still processing within service standards. So, in total, there are now approximately 2.2 million applications under processing at IRCC.

    Processing Times for Citizenship & PR cards

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Citizenship grant24 monthsNo Change
    Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship)16 monthsNo Change
    Resumption of citizenship34 monthsNo Change
    Renunciation of Citizenship17 monthsNo Change
    Search of citizenship records15 monthsNo Change
    New PR card98 days– 9 Days
    PR card renewals89 days– 1 Day

    Processing Time for Family Sponsorship

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Spouse or common-law partner living outside Canada20 monthsNo Change
    Spouse or common-law partner living inside Canada14 monthsNo Change
    Parents or Grandparents PR37 monthsNo Change

    Processing time for Canadian Passport 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted in person at Service Canada Centre – Passport services)10 business daysNo Change
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted by mail to Service Canada Centre)20 business daysNo Change
    In-Canda Urgent pick-upBy the end of next business dayNo Change
    In-Canada Express pick-up2-9 business daysNo Change
    Regular passport application mailed from outside Canada20 daysNo Change

    Processing time for Economic Class

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Canadian Experience Class (CEC) 19 monthsNo Change
    Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) 27 monthsNo Change
    Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)51 months+ 2 Months
    Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) vis Express Entry14 monthsNo Change
    Non-Express Entry PNP22 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Skilled Worker22 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Business Class65 monthsNo Change
    Federal Self-Employed42 monthsNo Change
    Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)14 monthsNo Change
    Start-Up Visa31 monthsNo Change


    Processing Time for Temporary Residence Application 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Visitor visa outside CanadaVaries by country
    India: 163 days
    Nigeria: 189 Days
    United States: 60 Days
    Pakistan: 220 Days
    Philippines: 122 Days
    UAE: 196 Days
    Bangladesh: 119 Days
    Sri Lanka: 215 Days
    United Kingdom: 145 Days
    – 1 Day for India, Nigeria & UK
    – 4 Days for United States
    + 5 Days for Pakistan
    No Change for Philippines
    + 3 Days for UAE
    + 8 Days for Bangladesh
    + 16 Days for Sri Lanka
    Visitor visa inside CanadaOnline: 22 days
    Paper-Based: 45 days
    + 2 Days for online
    No Change for paper-based
    Parents or Grandparents SupervisaVaries by country
    India: 159 days
    Nigeria: 238 Days
    United States: 468 Days
    Pakistan: 246 Days
    Philippines: 182 Days
    UAE: 180 Days
    Bangladesh: 196 Days
    Sri Lanka: 282 Days
    United Kingdom: 178 Days
    + 6 Days for India
    – 2 Days for Nigeria
    + 1 Day for India
    – 79 Days for United States
    – 6 Days for Pakistan
    – 8 Days for Philippines
    + 2 Days for UAE
    – 7 Days for Bangladesh
    – 4 Days for Sri Lanka
    + 2 Days for UK
    Visitor Extension (Visitor Record)Online: 205 days
    Paper-Based: 167 days
    + 1 Days (Online & Paper-Based)
    Study Permit Outside Canada12 WeeksNo Change
    Study Permit Inside Canada4 WeeksNo Change
    Study Permit ExtensionOnline: 69 Days
    Paper-Based: 98 Days
    – 5 Days (Online)
    + 19 Days (Paper-Based
    )
    Work Permit Outside Canada*Varies by country
    India: 13 Weeks
    Nigeria: 32 Weeks
    United States: 14 Weeks
    Pakistan: 58 Weeks
    Philippines: 12 Weeks
    UAE: 32 Weeks
    Bangladesh: 26 Weeks
    Sri Lanka: 31 Weeks
    United Kingdom: 11 Weeks
    – 1 Week for India, Nigeria
    – 7 Weeks
    No Change for Philippines, UK
    + 2 Weeks for UAE & Bangladesh
    + 5 Days for Sri Lanka
    Work Permit Inside CanadaOnline: 168 Days
    Paper-Based: 84 Days
    No Change
    International Experience Canada (Current Season)**6 WeeksNo Change
    Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)5 minutesNo Change

    What Updates Does the Processing Time Include 

    IRCC bases processing time on the time it took to process prior similar applications. The processing period begins when the application is received by IRCC and concludes when the immigration officer makes a decision on the application. Furthermore, the processing time may differ depending on whether the application was filed on paper or online.

    These processing times are designed to offer new weekly timelines from the preceding 6 months’ data. Furthermore, it correlates the application volume with operational issues to assist future immigrants in better planning their journey.

    Source: IRCC

  • Canada Work Culture – Know How To Adapt As A Newcomer!

    As a newcomer to Canada, it is common to face challenges in adapting to a new culture. Most immigrants bring valuable knowledge and skills to the Canadian market. But they are hesitant in applying to jobs. So, if you are new to Canada and are facing challenges in starting or advancing your career, don’t worry we have got you covered. 

    Often these challenges are because you might be unaware of the differences between the work environment in your home country and in Canada. This can be in regard to networking, communication, feedback, and so on.

    As a newcomer, it is important to familiarize yourself with the Canadian work culture. This will not only help you to work well in a team but will also help you grow your career. Also, this helps avoid any misunderstanding. 

    So, take some time and adopt these tips to adapt to the Canadian work culture:

    1. Focus on your Soft Skills

    The Canadian work culture focuses a lot on your soft skills. Having soft skills means being able to work in a team, being flexible, and having good time management practices. Also, it is important that you have a positive attitude. Always take initiative in your team. Canadian work culture often values these skills more than your “hard skills”. 

    2. Small talks

    Small talks is integral to Canadian culture. This applies to your workplace as well. So, always indulge in small talk in your meetings. It helps you know other people and understand any common interests that you may have. Some common topics for small talk could be weather, sports, or movies.


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    3. Punctuality

    Canadians value punctuality and time management a lot. Most people here don’t wait for more than 15 minutes if you’re late. It is considered disrespectful to keep people waiting. However, if you are running late, always send people a message. Let them know when they should expect you.

    If you are late to work regularly, you might be perceived as unprofessional. Also, it raises concerns about your time management skills Most workplaces have policies around punctuality and attendance. Make sure to follow them. By doing so, you can advance in the company.

    4. Equality

    Canadian workplaces pay a lot of emphasis on equality. People here are treated equally and fairly. People’s designation doesn’t determine respect. Even if you are an intern, you will be included in meetings and asked to share your views. Canadian workplaces are very diverse. Discrimination on the basis of age, gender, sexual orientation, or race is illegal. So, it is very important for you to appreciate and respect diversity and cultural differences. 

    5. Understand the non-verbal cues

    It is very important for you to understand the non-Verbal and subtle Cues in your workplace. You should try to learn and adopt these. A few examples of these are- maintaining eye contact during a conversation. This shows that you are interested in the conversation. Avoiding eye contact comes across as being untrustworthy, or having low self-confidence. Say good morning and goodbye at the end of the workday. These small gestures can go a long way. 


  • Canada Common-law Sponsorship – Errors You Need To Avoid

    Legal proof of a common-law relationship is more challenging to establish than legal proof of marriage. With a common-law relationship, you only have a collection of various pieces of evidence that, when taken together, form a picture of a committed relationship between two people.

    Therefore, the burden of proof falls heavily on a common-law applicant. If you are a potential common law sponsorship applicant, here are 4 common errors you can avoid in your application. 

    Error 1: Not meeting the common-law definition before applying

    Before submitting your application, you must confirm that you meet the IRCC’s common law definition. It requires you to have lived together continuously for at least a year to qualify for a common-law relationship

    Cohabitation, or living together, implies that you have lived at the same address as your partner for at least one year. If your partner is away to visit their family or due to any occasion, you should wait to apply until you have lived together continuously for 12 months.

    If you have not lived with your partner for 12 continuous months, you do not meet the definition of a common-law relationship

     However, if you and your partner were both travelling to visit relatives for an occasion, your continuous time together would make you eligible for common-law. This is because you do not need to be inside Canada, but you need to be together. 

    Whether you can have time apart under the common-law standards always comes up. But, in most cases, obtaining common-law status can proceed during relatively brief and temporary absences. The general guideline is that if you want to become common-law partners, you shouldn’t be separated for more than two weeks. 

    Additionally, it doesn’t matter if you are currently living together or not, provided you have lived together for at least 12 continuous months and can prove it. You are regarded as common law as long as your relationship endures.

    Another important aspect to remember is that you must have met the cohabitation requirements the day you sign your forms or apply together. Your application may be refused if you do not meet the eligibility requirements. 

    Error 2: Failing to provide evidence of a 12-month cohabitation

     Living together for at least a year is the main factor that distinguishes a common-law from other types of relationships. Therefore, you must include supporting documentation with your application demonstrating that you both resided at the same place for a minimum of a year. 

    Some of the acceptable proofs include the following:

    • Shared lease with both applicants’ names 
    • Receiving mail at the same address 
    • Your bank statements with the same address 
    • Shared bills 
    • Or any other evidence demonstrating your cohabitation 

    If you have relocated more than once in the past year, you should provide documentation connecting the two to each residence you have occupied.



    Error 3: No Statutory Declaration of Common-Law Status 

    A Statutory Declaration of Common-Law status, Form IMM 5409, is a specific form used to disclose the details of a common-law relationship for immigration. 

    You must submit this form with your applications if you are in a common-law relationship. Ensure that you fill out the form correctly and include it in all your applications. 

    Error 4: Not keeping copies of your IRCC application 

    When you apply for common-law sponsorship application, ensure that you keep copies of the entire filing. It is important because if IRCC requests more information, you may need to refer to the information you have already submitted. 

    To avoid sending the same evidence, ensure that you keep copies of your filing and gather and document sufficient evidence of your relationship. Additionally, keeping file copies can help you identify if a specific area lacks evidence. 

    Additionally, there is a chance that the officer may overlook your application. You must always be able to demonstrate what you sent and when it was received.


  • New Immigration Plan Can Help With Alberta Labour Shortage

    As Canada intends to significantly increase the number of immigrants annually, groups in Alberta believe it will benefit businesses facing labour shortages. The immigration levels plan, which immigration minister Sean Fraser unveiled on November 1, 2022, calls for a massive influx of immigrants to enter the country: 465,000 in 2023, rising to 500,000 in 2025.

    Government has a strong focus on admitting people based on their employment qualifications or experience. Alberta-based organizations want the government to ease limitations on immigrants choosing lower-paying positions and to support organizations that assist newcomers’ resettlement in ensuring that the new Canadians can genuinely help with the labour shortage.



    Calgary Chamber of Commerce Report on Immigration 

    The Calgary Chamber of Commerce released a report outlining the crucial role immigration plays in easing labour shortages. 

    President and CEO of the Calgary Chamber of Commerce, Deborah Yedlin, explained that whether you work in the service industry, technology, energy, or the healthcare industry, everyone is searching for that last unit of labour. Immigration has become important to address the talent shortage that every business faces across the country.

    Regarding the latest immigration levels plan, Yedlin accepts the new plan but suggests expanding the options to low-wage workers rather than solely focusing on highly skilled, technically trained experts. 

    According to Yedlin, there is a bit of a catch-22 with programs like the Alberta Opportunity Stream since you require prior work experience and language proficiency, which limits the pool of immigrants who can apply.

    She explains that the government needs to figure out how to ensure that the ability to come and work is offered as an opportunity for a broader proportion of the immigrant population than it already is, including low-wage workers.

    Affordable housing to attract immigrants

    According to Randy Boissonault, a member of parliament for Edmonton Centre, Alberta’s lower cost of living can draw people.

    Since all of the communities in Alberta have done an excellent job of continuing to create housing, Edmonton and Calgary are at the top of the list for affordable housing nationwide, according to Boissonault.

    He anticipates that the hundreds of thousands of newcomers will be able to fill employment gaps in the IT industry.

    On meeting the Alberta Machine Institute in the heart of Edmonton, they told Boissonault that many of their partners are searching for computer scientists and mathematicians who can significantly advance the field of machine learning and artificial intelligence.

    The provincial government oversees a program whose objective is to hasten the processing of visas for foreign workers hired by IT firms in Alberta.

    Yedlin claimed that because Albertans frequently lack the qualifications required for a position, businesses are forced to rely heavily on immigration. She emphasizes the tech positions that have remained unfilled for a considerable time despite being advertised for months in Calgary. 

    Newcomer settlement organizations need more support.

    Rispah Tremblay, senior manager of settlement services at the Edmonton Mennonite Centre for Newcomers (EMCN), which assists newcomers in settling in the capital area, said the immigration levels plan presents some difficulties for other organizations.

    Such that with increasing numbers, newcomer settlement organizations need additional resources, explained Tremblay. 

    Tremblay says that EMCN would require additional funding to pay employees who handle cases, assist clients in finding housing, and teach languages.

    New immigrants might not be able to integrate into the Canadian workforce without the assistance of the staff members who assist newcomers with their settlement needs.

    There must be an additional help to settle and get the right training or support they need as soon as they get here, she said. It will allow them to integrate and start working immediately.

    Tremblay is also worried that the housing supply would start to run out with everyone migrating here. Although she hasn’t heard anything from the federal government on funding to support service expansion, she anticipates that discussions will begin in the spring.


  • Canada Immigration Backlog Reduces To 1.2 Million – New IRCC Data

    Canada immigration backlog reduced from 1.49 million as of September 30, 2022 to 1.2 million as of October 31, 2022. This new data has been updated by IRCC today (November 16, 2022).

    Additionally, 1.04 million applications are still processing within service standards. So, in total, there are now 2.2 million applications under processing at IRCC.

    IRCC minister clarified on August 24, 2022 that backlog data is different from the service standard data. For e.g., spousal sponsorship has processing time of 12 months, then an application under processing within 12 months is “NOT” a backlog. Rather it will fall under normal processing data.

    However, if it exceeds the 12-month service standard, then it is called backlog. It is important to note that IRCC’s target is to processing 80% of the applications within service standards. Click here for category-wise IRCC’s service standards. Click here for latest category-wise IRCC processing times.

    Application TypeOverall Processing InventoryBacklogWithin Service Standards
    Citizenship332,000100,000232,000
    Permanent Residence603,700324,000279,700
    Temporary Residence1,304,000778,790525,210
    Total2,239,7001,202,7901,036,910
    IRCC Backlog latest data
    IRCC applications under processing
    Immigration Applications Under Processing Within Service Standards
    IRCC Backlog
    Immigration Applications Under Processing In Backlog

    Below are the category-wise Canada Immigration backlog projections by IRCC

    1. Federal High Skilled Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2289%
    Feb 2292%
    Mar 2298%
    Apr 2299%
    May 22100%
    Jun 22100%
    Jul 2299%
    Aug 22 90%86%
    Sep 22 68%72%
    Oct 22 45%59%
    Nov 22 46%
    Dec 2220%

    2. Provincial Nominee Program (Express Entry) Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2256%
    Feb 2255%
    Mar 2254%
    Apr 2251%
    May 2247%
    Jun 2245%
    Jul 2243%
    Aug 22 42%39%
    Sep 22 40%35%
    Oct 22 42%31%
    Nov 22 28%
    Dec 22 20%

    3. Spouses, Partners and children applications Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2234%
    Feb 2232%
    Mar 2230%
    Apr 2229%
    May 2227%
    Jun 2227%
    Jul 2226%
    Aug 22 25%24%
    Sep 22 25%23%
    Oct 22 24%22%
    Nov 22 20%
    Dec 22 19%

    4. Citizenship Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2246%
    Feb 2245%
    Mar 2242%
    Apr 2240%
    May 2239%
    Jun 2237%
    Jul 2234%
    Aug 22 31%31%
    Sep 22 31%30%
    Oct 22 28%29%
    Nov 22 27%
    Dec 22 25%

    5. Study Permits Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2242%
    Feb 2234%
    Mar 2227%
    Apr 2232%
    May 2231%
    Jun 2230%
    Jul 2231%
    Aug 22 38%39%
    Sep 22 31%42%
    Oct 22 26%33%
    Nov 22 31%
    Dec 22 33%
    Jan 23 36%
    Feb 23 33%
    Mar 23 23%

    6. Work Permits Backlog

    **As per IRCC, approximately 74% of work permits applications are from the Canada-Ukraine authorization for emergency travel.

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2248%
    Feb 2251%
    Mar 2229%
    Apr 2223%
    May 2226%
    Jun 2228%
    Jul 2228%
    Aug 22 34%29%
    Sep 22 27%35%
    Oct 22 23%49%
    Nov 22 55%
    Dec 22 60%
    Jan 23 58%
    Feb 23 47%
    Mar 23 30%

    7. Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) or Visitor Visa Backlog

    **As per IRCC, approximately 16% of temporary resident visa or visitor visa applications are from the Canada-Ukraine authorization for emergency travel.

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2270%
    Feb 2274%
    Mar 2255%
    Apr 2255%
    May 2256%
    Jun 2271%
    Jul 2267%
    Aug 22 71%68%
    Sep 22 74%71%
    Oct 22 74%70%
    Nov 22 67%
    Dec 22 66%
    Jan 23 66%
    Feb 23 62%
    Mar 23 58%

    Source: IRCC official website


  • Here Are IRCC New Updated Online Processing Times – Nov 16!

    IRCC changed their online processing tool in the beginning of 2022, to offer accurate information on processing timelines. Immigration Minister Sean Fraser announced this modification on March 31, 2022, as part of an effort to improve Canadian immigration system. This page contains the latest processing times from the IRCC website as of November 16, 2022.

    Processing Times for Citizenship & PR cards

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Citizenship grant24 monthsNo Change
    Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship)16 monthsNo Change
    Resumption of citizenship34 monthsNo Change
    Renunciation of Citizenship17 monthsNo Change
    Search of citizenship records15 monthsNo Change
    New PR card107 days+ 5 Days
    PR card renewals90 daysNo Change

    Processing Time for Family Sponsorship

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Spouse or common-law partner living outside Canada20 monthsNo Change
    Spouse or common-law partner living inside Canada14 monthsNo Change
    Parents or Grandparents PR37 monthsNo Change

    Processing time for Canadian Passport 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted in person at Service Canada Centre – Passport services)10 business daysNo Change
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted by mail to Service Canada Centre)20 business daysNo Change
    In-Canda Urgent pick-upBy the end of next business dayNo Change
    In-Canada Express pick-up2-9 business daysNo Change
    Regular passport application mailed from outside Canada20 daysNo Change

    Processing time for Economic Class

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Canadian Experience Class (CEC) 19 monthsNo Change
    Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) 27 monthsNo Change
    Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)49 monthsNo Change
    Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) vis Express Entry14 monthsNo Change
    Non-Express Entry PNP22 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Skilled Worker22 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Business Class65 monthsNo Change
    Federal Self-Employed42 monthsNo Change
    Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)14 monthsNo Change
    Start-Up Visa31 monthsNo Change


    Processing Time for Temporary Residence Application 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Visitor visa outside CanadaVaries by country
    India: 164 days
    Nigeria: 190 Days
    United States: 64 Days
    Pakistan: 215 Days
    Philippines: 130 Days
    UAE: 193 Days
    Bangladesh: 127 Days
    Sri Lanka: 199 Days
    United Kingdom: 146 Days
    + 2 Days for India
    Visitor visa inside CanadaOnline: 20 days
    Paper-Based: 45 days
    No Change
    Parents or Grandparents SupervisaVaries by country
    India: 153 days
    Nigeria: 238 Days
    United States: 547 Days
    Pakistan: 252 Days
    Philippines: 190 Days
    UAE: 178 Days
    Bangladesh: 203 Days
    Sri Lanka: 286 Days
    United Kingdom: 178 Days
    + 15 Days for India
    Visitor Extension (Visitor Record)Online: 204 days
    Paper-Based: 168 days
    + 3 Days (Online)
    – 5 Days (Paper-Based
    )
    Study Permit Outside Canada12 Weeks– 1 Week
    Study Permit Inside Canada4 WeeksNo Change
    Study Permit ExtensionOnline: 74 Days
    Paper-Based: 79 Days
    – 4 Days (Online)
    + 6 Days (Paper-Based
    )
    Work Permit Outside Canada*Varies by country
    India: 14 Weeks
    Nigeria: 33 Weeks
    United States: 14 Weeks
    Pakistan: 58 Weeks
    Philippines: 12 Weeks
    UAE: 30 Weeks
    Bangladesh: 34 Weeks
    Sri Lanka: 26 Weeks
    United Kingdom: 11 Weeks
    No Change
    Work Permit Inside CanadaOnline: 168 Days
    Paper-Based: 84 Days
    – 1 Day (Online)
    + 1 Day (Paper-Based)
    International Experience Canada (Current Season)**6 Weeks– 1 Week
    Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)5 minutesNo Change

    What Updates Does the Processing Time Include 

    IRCC bases processing time on the time it took to process prior similar applications. The processing period begins when the application is received by IRCC and concludes when the immigration officer makes a decision on the application. Furthermore, the processing time may differ depending on whether the application was filed on paper or online.

    These processing times are designed to offer new weekly timelines from the preceding 6 months’ data. Furthermore, it correlates the application volume with operational issues to assist future immigrants in better planning their journey.

    Source: IRCC

  • International Students Can Now Work Unlimited Hours-Know Eligibility

    From today, November 15, 2022, until December 31, 2023, International students who are in Canada and have off-campus job authorization on their study permit will not be restricted by the 20-hour-per-week work-hour limit.

    On October 7, 2022, Immigration Minister, Sean Fraser, announced the temporary lifting of the 20-hour-per-week limits on the number of hours eligible post-secondary international students are allowed to work off-campus while classes are in session. 

    If you are an international student planning to take advantage of this new policy, below are all the rules and regulations you need to know. 



    Rules for international students planning to work full time  

    As per IRCC, you can work more than 20 hours per week off campus while class is in session if you

    • are a study permit holder and are studying at a DLI full-time (or part-time during your final academic session), OR
    • have been approved for a study permit but haven’t arrived in Canada yet

    In addition, you must meet all these requirements:

    • You must ensure IRCC received your application for this study permit (including extensions) on or before October 7, 2022.
    • You must have an off-campus work authorization on your study permit.
    • Furthermore, you must be either in Canada or coming to Canada before December 31, 2023.

    How will temporarily lifting the work-hour limit benefit international students and Canada’s economy?

    This temporary policy change is because employers have unprecedented problems finding and retaining the required workers due to existing labour shortages and as Canada recovers from the pandemic. 

    This initiative will increase the availability of workers to sustain Canada’s post-pandemic growth by providing many international students more opportunities to get significant job experience in Canada. 

    With over 500,000 international students already in Canada and potentially available to work more hours, this temporary change reflects the crucial role international students may play in alleviating Canada’s labour need while continuing to pursue their education. 

    Most international post-secondary students are permitted to work on and off campus, with their work authorization printed directly on their study permit. Previously, nearly half of post-secondary international students in Canada reported earning money while studying.

    In the next section, you can learn about other changes IRCC implemented to support international students and recent graduates.

    Simplifying the process of Study permit extension 

    Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) have also introduced a pilot project to simplify the processing of study permit extensions. The types of applications covered in this pilot have a consistently high approval rate, as all applicants have previously been allowed to study in Canada. 

    In 2021, IRCC approved over 119,000 study permit extension applications with a 97% acceptance rate. In addition, more than 135,000 applications were completed between January 1, 2022, and the end of August 2022, with a 96% approval rate.

    To improve client service, the pilot applied to a small group of applicants who received their extended study permit significantly faster. If the pilot proves effective, it will expand to other programs to help reduce processing times and allow officers to focus on more complex applications.

    More than 452,000 study permit applications have been processed between January 1, 2022, and August 31, 2022. Additionally, 367,000 applications were processed within the same period in 2021, reaching a record high for the year. It also represents a 23 percent gain.

    Applications evaluated as part of the pilot to automate study permit extensions must meet study permit extension criteria. Otherwise, officers manually evaluate applications that do not meet the requirements. 

    In addition, the automated process will not reject applications or recommend rejections. Only an officer can make any decision to deny an application.

    These changes are part of a series of steps to benefit international students and graduates while assisting Canada’s larger efforts to improve client service and application processing times.

    Other recent initiatives aimed toward international students and recent graduates include:

    Source: IRCC


  • IRCC Announces New Canada-Italy Youth Mobility Agreement

    Today, Francesco Sorbara, Member of Parliament for Vaughan-Woodbridge, announced a new Canada-Italy Youth Mobility Agreement on behalf of the Honourable Sean Fraser, Minister of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship. 

    With the Canada-Italy Youth Mobility Agreement, Canadian and Italian youth now have more opportunities when applying for international work or travel experience through the International Experience Canada Program.

    Canada and Italy have long been youth mobility partners, supporting international work and travel opportunities. The program also assists youth in exploring different cultures, languages, and societies while gaining life skills and enhancing their future career possibilities.

    The New Canada-Italy Youth Mobility Agreement

    There are around 1.5 million Canadians of Italian heritage, making Canada one of the world’s largest Italian communities outside of Italy.

    Under the new agreement, youth aged 18 to 35 can work and travel in Canada for up to 12 months and participate in the program twice, making it possible to travel and work for a total of 24 months. 

    The agreement has also expanded the program to introduce 2 new streams, International Co-op and Young Professionals. In addition, it will assist youth in gaining professional work experience abroad. 



    IEC Categories that can participate in New Canada-Italy Youth Mobility Agreement

    The program allows for three categories of participation:

    • Working Holiday participants can acquire an open work permit that enables them to work anywhere in the host nation to fund their travels.
    • International Co-op (Internship) participants are provided with an employer-specific work permit, allowing students to get specific experience in their field of study.
    • Young Professionals participants receive an employer-specific work permit to get specialized, professional work experience in their field of study or career choice.

    This agreement with Italy creates new opportunities for future work and travel, strengthens people-to-people ties, and improves labour market access for Canadian and Italian youngsters.

    About International Experience Canada (IEC) 

    Canada has formal youth mobility agreements in place with 36 countries and territories.

    International Experience Canada (IEC) facilitates the management of reciprocal bilateral youth mobility arrangements in Canada. These agreements allow Canadians to travel and work in partner countries and territories while allowing international youth to do the same in Canada.

    Nearly 200,000 Canadians have participated in the IEC Program since 2008. Many have returned to Canada with life-changing experiences that benefited their personal and professional lives.  

    Source: IRCC


  • IRCC Increased Staff by 45%, But Processing Woes Continue

    In Canada’s immigration department, new data indicate a significant increase in hiring. However, the processing continues to be slow. The operational capacity of Canada’s immigration department, IRCC has increased by 45 per cent from pre-pandemic levels, according to never-before-published data.

    Canada has already received nearly as many applications for temporary and permanent residents as it did in 2019 before the pandemic in only eight months of 2022.

    After a two-year slowdown, the country’s immigration system is already operating 45 percent above capacity in 2019. As a result, the number of applications for permanent and temporary residents processed through the system is expected to surpass the 3.2 million recorded last year before the pandemic. 



    IRCC increased workforce, yet processing times continue to grow 

    Unprecedented data shows that Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada now employs 8,104 front-line operations employees, up from 5,583 in March 2019, with the majority of the new employees hired since the start of 2022. This is true even if the number of employees on leave increased gradually from 559 in March 2019 to 733 in October.

    Additionally, the number of workers who continued to telework decreased from about 100 per cent at the start of the pandemic to 71.8 per cent last month.

    Richard Kurland, an immigration attorney and policy analyst, says more employees can process more files. As a result, it should lead to higher volumes of decisions when combined with the artificial intelligence decision-making system.

    “You are using the A.I. to do the strenuous labour. Now that the files that require human contact are on track and heading in the correct direction, you have more people to handle them.

    However, Immigration officials would prefer to see the following numbers in check, though:

    • Web forms have become the primary method for applicants to contact the department, increasing from 1.61 million in 2020 to 2.26 million in 2021 and 2.42 million as of September this year;
    • Another important inquiry tool is access-to-information requests, which increased from 98,042 before the pandemic to 204,549 in 2021 before falling to 122,016 so far this year;
    • By 2022, there will have been 963 lawsuits filed against the immigration department, up from just 112 in 2019. These lawsuits sought a court order compelling authorities to process files.

    Therefore, not all critics agree that the immigration system has stabilized.

    Lack of clarity for the reasons for processing delays 

    Vancouver immigration attorney Steven Meurrens questioned why there were still backlogs despite having 45 percent more employees processing applications. He says he is confused why processing times “keep getting worse” in multiple programs and certain visa offices.

    Further, he questioned if there are bugs with new technology or if certain visa postings have I.T. issues. Or other Technology-related concerns due to working from home. Unfortunately, since the department won’t reveal, it isn’t easy to deduce what’s happening from the statistics.

    According to Ravi Jain of the Canadian Immigration Lawyers Association, the department’s increased staffing levels did not correspond to the enormous delay in how people were experiencing the online immigration system. He wants a royal commission to investigate the backlogs and delays in immigration.

    In my opinion, they weren’t really doing much, says Jain. But nevertheless, they cannot get away with this. Because it’s harming individuals in so many ways, it just seems “criminal” to me, said Jain.

    Through the main immigration programs, Canada had received more than 2.9 million new applications for permanent and temporary residents as of August 31. Those figures will undoubtedly raise the total above the 3.2 million files in 2019, with four months left in 2022.

    In comparison to the total of 3,225,130 (235,257 permanent and 2.99 million temporary residents) reported in 2019, immigration officers processed 2.25 million immigration petitions throughout the time period—207,590 permanent and 2.04 million temporary immigrants.

    Source: Toronto Star


  • New NOC Codes: Step-Wise Guide To Find Your NOC

    New NOC codes: On November 16, IRCC switches to the new 2021 National Occupational Classification (NOC) version in alignment with Employment and Social Development of Canada (ESDC). It implies that the NOC 2016 skill type and skill level framework (NOC 0, A, B, C, and D) will now be represented by new 6-category system representing the training, education, experience, and responsibilities (TEER) required to work in an occupation.

    As a result, the previous four-digit codes will become five digits under the new NOC 2021. It will also impact the eligibility criteria for all programs that use NOC. To prepare for these changes, you can learn the following in this article:

    Steps to find new NOC code 

    Step 1: Visit the National Occupational Classification (NOC) official website. 

    NOC 2021 and TEER

    Step 2: You can search by job title or NOC code on this page. If you want to search by job title, look for the “Version” section, then click on the box below it that says “NOC 2016 Version 1.3.” Then, it will open a drop-down menu and select the latest “NOC 2021 Version 1.3.”

    NOC 2021 and TEER

    Step 3: Once you select the new NOC 2021 version, enter your job title to find your NOC 2021 code and TEER category. 

    NOC 2021 and TEER

    Below is an example of a job titled Marketing Coordinator. You also view other matching job titles. 

    NOC 2021 and TEER


    Understanding New NOC categories

    All programs that previously used skill types or levels will now use NOC 2021 codes and TEER categories. 

    Most positions will remain in the TEER category, corresponding to the skill level in the table below. However, certain jobs may change to other TEER categories. The most significant change is the subdivision of Skill Level B jobs that will now become TEER 2 or TEER 3 jobs.

    The table below explains the distribution between skill types or levels and corresponding TEER categories. 

    NOC 2021 and TEER
    NOC 2021 and TEER

    Immigration Programs that new NOC will affect 

     Generally, all programs that have used NOC skill types or levels to invite applicants will be affected. Therefore, all the programs below will switch to using NOC 2021 codes and TEER levels. 

    Additionally, several occupations will become eligible and ineligible under specific programs due to the new NOC 2021 implementation. 

    Frequently Asked Questions regarding new TEER system

    Do you need to update your Express Entry profile as new NOC is implemented? 
    Suppose you are an Express Entry candidate who submitted your profile before November 16 but has not yet received an Invitation to Apply (ITA). Then, you must update your Express Entry profile with your new NOC 2021 code and TEER category. 

    If you receive an ITA before November 16, you can submit your Express Entry application using the NOC 2016 system. In addition, you can also refer to the NOC code mentioned on your ITA receipt and submit your application accordingly. However, there is no need for you to update to NOC 2021 if you received an ITA before November 16. 

    How will new NOC affect CRS scores? 
    The points distribution would be similar to what it has been with NOC 2016. Such as, so far, Express Entry applicants with arranged employment in Skill Levels 0, A and B have received 50 additional points. 

    With NOC 2021, applicants will receive 50 additional points for arranged employment provided their NOC is in TEER 0, 1, 2 or 3. 

    Similarly, you will continue to receive points for Canadian education. However, your work experience must be in occupations that are TEER 0, 1, 2 or 3. 

    How can you prepare for new NOC? 
    To be prepared, you can be mindful of the new changes in the TEER lead statements and primary duties. Although most duties may be similar, your work experience letter must reflect the duties mentioned in your new NOC 2021 code and TEER category. 

    Moreover, you must continue to match the duties in your NOC 2021 occupation if you want to claim points for the skilled experience inside and outside Canada. 


  • Moving To Canada – Know Free Pre-Arrival Services For Job & Settlement

    Moving to Canada and starting a new life here can be very overwhelming. Most newcomers have a lot of concerns about settling in a new country. And it is quite understandable. However, if you are a newcomer to Canada, don’t worry the government has got you covered.

    The Canadian government funds a lot of settlement agencies to make the transition easier for newcomers. These agencies provide pre-arrival settlement services to help newcomers adapt to a new country. Pre-arrival services are programs offered online or in person. These programs are free and help newcomers to better understand life in Canada.

    Also, some services can help you find a job. They can help you get your education or work experience recognized in Canada. Moreover, some programs provide you with specific information regarding your profession. This could include language training or essential skills training. 


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    Listed below are the organizations and how they can help you settle in Canada

    Active Engagement and Integration Project

    This project offers in-person services in China, and also online services globally, such as:

    • general information about living in Canada
    • orientation to education, health care, housing, and transportation in Canada
    • needs assessment
    • referrals to community services.
    Planning for Canada

    The program offers in-person services in India and the Philippines and also online services globally, including:

    • general information about living in Canada
    • orientation to education, health care, housing, and transportation in Canada
    • needs assessment
    • referrals to community services.
    Next Stop Canada

    This organization offers online services globally, including:

    • general information about living in Canada
    • orientation to education, health care, housing, and transportation in Canada
    • needs assessment
    • referrals to community services
    • specialized programming for youth between 12 to 19 years old, such as connections to youth mentors.
    Connexions Francophones

    This program offers in-person services in Morocco and online services globally. Moreover, if you want to live in a Francophone community in Canada, they can help you with:

    • information and orientation
    • connections with Francophone local organizations
    • needs assessment
    • a personalized settlement plan with other links to in-Canada resources.

    Organizations that help with career and job search

    Active Engagement and Integration Project (AEIP)

    This project offers online services globally. It helps you:

    • write your resume
    • prepare to work in Canada
    • get your credentials recognized
    • attend online job fairs to learn about potential employers.
    Canada InfoNet

    This organization offers online services globally to help you:

    • prepare for work
    • access employer-interactive webinars
    • access job matching platforms
    • find a mentor with experience in your sector
    • learn about Canadian workplace culture.
    Settlement Online Pre-Arrival (SOPA)

    This organization offers online services globally. They offer support such as:

    • online courses, including “Job Search Strategies” and “Working in Canada”
    • webinars
    • help for preparing to work in Canada.
    Connexions Francophones

    This program offers employment services to French-speaking newcomers wishing to settle in Francophone communities. Services include:

    • virtual job fairs in real-time with potential employers seeking French-speaking employees
    • how to prepare to work in Canada and also get your credentials recognized
    • webinars about mentoring, writing a resume, and Canadian workplace culture.
    BCCA Integrating Newcomers

    The British Columbia Construction Association Integrating Newcomers (BCCA-IN) program provides free one-on-one pre-arrival services to newcomers with a construction background. Services BCCA-IN offers are –  

    • skills assessment
    • job leads
    • accreditation advice
    • settlement services referrals.

    BCCA-IN supports architects, designers, project managers, estimators, engineers, tradespeople, and those in strategic business support groups

    BuildON

    This organization offers online services globally. If you plan on living in Ontario, BuildOn offers services that focus on:

    • construction
    • skilled trades
    • engineering.
    ACCES Employment: Canadian Employment Connections and Entrepreneurship Connections Pre-Arrival (CEC-ECP)

    This organization offers online services globally. They offer industry-specific job services, including one-on-one coaching, to help you:

    • prepare to look for jobs
    • prepare to work in Canada
    • learn about workplace culture.
    Global Onboarding of Talent Initiative (GO Talent)

    This initiative offers online services globally. They support newcomers from the information and technology sector to help you:

    • with sector-specific help
    • attend career events
    • find a job
    • get your credentials recognized.
    Integrating Newcomers

    This Canada-wide program offers pre-arrival employment support services to prepare newcomers for jobs in the construction industry, no matter what city, province, or territory you’re moving to.

    Professions supported include

    • tradespeople
    • engineers (in any discipline)
    • architects
    • technicians
    • technologists
    • Business support specialists.
    Pre-Arrival Supports and Services Program (PASS)

    This program helps nurses prepare to work in Canada’s healthcare field. PASS provides connections to sector-specific information including:

    • workplace practices in health care
    • mentoring with Canadian nurses
    • schools
    • the nursing registration process
    • regulatory bodies.

    Who is eligible?

    You can get these services, if:

    • Your permanent residence (PR) application has been approved.
    • You are currently living outside of Canada.
    • You have one of these documents:
      • letter saying you can get pre-arrival services
      • confirmation of permanent residence letter
      • a passport request letter that indicates permanent resident visa issuance
      • letter asking for your medical exam results
      • single-entry permanent resident visa
      • letter from us letting your know you can pick up your permanent resident visa

  • Getting Married While Canada PR Application Is In Processing

    Often Canada immigration applications take months or for certain categories years to process. It may be common for people to experience changes in their lives as they wait. For example, getting married is one of the common changes an applicant experiences as they wait for their application to be processed. 

    Suppose you are someone whose family composition changed while your permanent residency application was in the process. In that case, you can learn how it will impact your application and the steps you should take. 

    It is important to remember that IRCC requires you to notify them of any changes to your application, including any information regarding dependant spouses. 

    In this article, you can learn:

    What to do if you get married after applying for Canada PR? 

    As mentioned earlier, you must inform IRCC of any changes in your family composition, such as getting married and having a spouse. However, you do have the option to either add your spouse as a dependent in your application. Or, apply for your spouse separately (this may require more paperwork). 

    Nevertheless, you must inform IRCC of the change in your marital status even if your spouse is not accompanying you to Canada.  


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    Adding your spouse before IRCC processes your application

    If your application is in the initial stage and is pending a decision, you can add your spouse. Depending on your application type, you may need to complete the following forms for your spouse.

    Forms to include

    Official documents to include

    • Marriage certificate (in English or French)
    • Updated birth registration or marriage ID (if applicable)
    • Any official document from the place of marriage 

    Other supporting documents to evidence a genuine relationship

    • Proof of shared finances such as joint bank accounts, shared bills, or investments 
    • Letters from friends and family 
    • Photographs of multiple occasions 
    • Evidence of cohabitation, like a shared lease 
    • Any other document proving your genuine relationship 

    To add your spouse, you may need to pay application fees for the following:

    • Sponsorship fee: $75
    • Processing fee: $570 
    • Biometrics fees: $85
    • Right to permanent resident fee: $515

    How to add your spouse after receiving an ITA? 

    If you received an Invitation to Apply and submitted your application, you could still add your new spouse to your application. First, inform IRCC about the recent change in your marital status. Then IRCC will send you a list of documents required to add your spouse to your application. 

    How to check your spouse’s immigration status after adding her to your application? 

    If you added your new spouse to your application and want to check if IRCC has processed your updated information, log in to your “My Account” and view details. 

    Once you open your account, check if your application lists any dependents. If you notice that no dependents are added to your account, IRCC has not yet processed your spouse’s information. 

    Additionally, spouses must be eligible for entry to Canada under existing immigration laws, which implies that they must satisfy the security, criminal, and medical requirements. They will be deemed inadmissible to Canada if they fail to meet any of these criteria, which will affect your PR application.

    Getting married after your PR application has been approved, but you are yet to enter Canada 

    If your PR application is approved, but you are outside Canada, ensure that you update your marital status before entering Canada. IRCC may reevaluate your application. However, failure to inform IRCC may be deemed a misrepresentation and can impact your PR and future applications. 

    Even if your spouse is not accompanying you to Canada, you must inform IRCC of your marital status change before landing in Canada. If you added your spouse, they might review your spouse’s medical and grounds of inadmissibility. 

    Alternatively, you can sponsor your spouse to bring you to Canada. However, there are different processes for outland and inland spousal application. 


  • Canada Work Visa For Up To 90 Days Without LMIA Via GATS

    A faster route to a Canadian work visa without requiring a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is through the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). It allows skilled foreign workers under three categories to work in Canada for up to 90 days. 

    Know General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)?

    The World Trade Organization oversees the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), and Canada is one of the member countries. GATS promotes international trade and business travel among its member nations, and there are 164 member countries. 

    A GATS Professional is a person who wants to engage in a professional-level activity in a specific profession as part of a services contract obtained by a company in another Member country.

    Nevertheless, the person must possess the necessary academic credentials and qualifications recognized by the Canadian professional association. 

    Regarding temporary admission of individuals, Canada granted access to three types of business people without the need for a labour market impact assessment: 

    • Business visitors
    • Intra-company transferees
    • Professionals

    The Professionals category is to facilitate the short-term admission of a limited number of professionals employed by Member Nations’ in service sectors that Canada has made commitments.

    To hire highly skilled foreign workers, Canadian companies can use the subcategories of professionals and intra-company transferees. However, there are certain restrictions for professional admission under GATS. The professionals must meet the occupation requirements below. 



    Occupations and requirements under the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)

    Covered occupations under GATS

    Group 1: Engineers, Agrologists, Architects, Forestry experts, Geomatics specialists, and Land surveyors.

    Group 2: Foreign legal consultants, urban planners, and senior computer professionals. 

    Professionals in the Group 2 category must meet additional requirements related to the prospective Canadian business and the foreign service provider. There are also restrictions on the number of individuals who can enter specific projects.

    The table below shows the minimal educational, alternative credentials and licensing requirements for GATS professional occupations. 

    Eligibility Criteria for GATS applicants 

    A person from another member country who would like to provide services to a Canadian company is considered a professional under GATS. However, the candidate must:

    • Have citizenship of a Member nation or the right to permanent residence in Australia or New Zealand. Other member countries are listed on The World Trade Organization website. 
    • Have professional qualifications in one of the eligible occupations (listed in the table above). 
    • Provide service under a signed contract between a Canadian service consumer and a service provider from a WTO member country.
      • The foreign service provider must not have a commercial presence in Canada in the case of foreign legal experts, urban planners, and senior computer professionals.
    • Must not provide services in the following sectors: education, health-related services, or recreational, cultural, and sports services.
    • Possess qualifications recognized by a professional organization in Canada.
    • Comply with existing temporary entry immigration regulations, including TRV criteria.
    • The employer in Canada must be engaged in substantive business in the case of foreign legal consultants, urban planners, and senior computer professionals.
    • Senior computer specialists have a cap of ten applicants per project.
    • The maximum time frame allowed is three months or 90 consecutive days within a year with no possible extensions. 

    Required Documents for GATS applicants 

    • Proof of Citizenship of a World Trade Organization member nation or permanent resident status in Australia or New Zealand;
    • Copy of a signed contract between the Canadian service consumer and the service provider;
      • The contract may have been signed by a foreign service provider based in any Member country or by a Canadian-based company established by that foreign service provider to market its services in Canada.
    • Documentation containing the following information:
      • The province of destination and the profession for which entry to Canada is requested;
      • Position details such as job description, employment duration and payment arrangements; and 
      • Education documents or alternative credentials to perform job duties in Canada. 
    • Proof of the applicant’s professional credentials, including copies of degrees, diplomas, professional licenses, accreditation, or registration;
    • Evidence that the relevant Canadian professional association has properly recognized the applicant’s academic credentials and professional qualifications; and
    • A temporary or permanent license, if necessary, issued by the relevant province or territorial authority.

    Remember that GATS Professionals are only allowed to enter for a specific time period. They are given status for the time necessary to finish the job, up to three months, without the possibility of extensions. 

    For more information, refer to IRCC’s official page.


  • Canada To Start Targeted Draws For Skilled Workers Next Year

    To address the severe labour shortages, Canada is prepared to begin targeted Express Entry draws for skilled workers as early as next year, according to Immigration Minister Sean Fraser.

    In an interview, the federal immigration minister told Reuters that Canada would begin conducting targeted draws for skilled immigrants next year. It would allow them to handpick candidates with the most in-demand skills for the areas of the country that need workers the most.

    Learn about the minister’s latest interview on targeted draws coming next year, IRCC focus and what we know so far.

    Conducting targeted draws in early 2023 

    The current Express Entry system ranks potential economic immigrants according to their language, education, experience and other skills. Those with the highest CRS scores receive an invitation to apply for permanent residency. 

    With the upcoming changes, Canada can select individuals with particular skills and abilities in specific professions. As well as consider those who plan to move to certain provinces. 

    We can do a targeted draw beginning in 2023. That will allow us to select workers by the sector that they work in and the part of Canada that they are going to

    This means we will be able to bring a greater focus to welcome more healthcare workers … in jurisdictions that will allow them to practice

    -said Immigration Minister Sean Fraser


    Focus on healthcare workers 

    The COVID-19 pandemic and a shortage of nurses are putting excessive stress on Canada’s healthcare system. As a result, many foreign-trained doctors and nurses do not wind up working in their sector. The country has also had difficulty licensing healthcare employees after they arrive.

    The healthcare system in Canada is the provinces’ responsibility. Immigration Minister Sean Fraser promised to work with provinces that make recognizing the foreign credentials of doctors and nurses simpler in an interview with Reuters. 

    He continued by saying that the federal government would work with the provinces to establish a clearer pathway and move forward with targeted draws for the provinces that facilitate the transition.

    Further, he explained that he would focus only on provinces that make it simple for health professionals to verify their qualifications from abroad and begin practising as soon as they arrive. 

    “I’m not interested in conducting a targeted draw for healthcare workers that are going to come to Canada and not be permitted to practice their profession”

    – Said Fraser

    Targeted draws to invite the Federal High Skilled Class category

     The federal government increased its immigration targets this week, announcing a three-year goal of 1.45 million new permanent residents. The targeted draws will fall within Canada’s federal “high-skilled” category, representing about 21.1% of new arrivals during that time.

    Canada is experiencing a severe labour shortage. According to the most recent data on job openings, there were 1.0 million unemployed persons and 958,500 available positions in Canada in August.

    Business organizations have argued that the government should take stronger action on immigration to support businesses facing a historic labour shortage.

    As immigration numbers reach historic highs, concerns about where the newcomers will live are increasing. There is already a housing scarcity in Canada.

    According to Fraser, the government will emphasize bringing in trained labourers to help create new housing and choosing immigrants for places with the “absorptive capacity” to accept them.

    Increased focus on Economic class immigrants 

    More than 60% of all immigration to Canada is expected to be from the economic class this year.

    Canada is already on track to accept 279,292 new permanent residents through economic programs this year, which is about 2.6% or 7,267 new permanent residents more than Ottawa had hoped to achieve through the new immigration levels plan for the next year.

    President and CEO of the Business Council of Canada, Goldy Hyder, explains that economic-class permanent residents account for only 58.5 percent of overall admissions in the immigration levels plan announced by the federal government last week. 

    Of the 309,240 new permanent residents who entered Canada during the first eight months of this year, they arrived under the economic immigration programs making up 60.2% of the total.

    If the country adopted the target of 65% for economic immigration set by the Business Council of Canada, 302,250 new permanent residents would enter the country under economic programs out of the country’s total 465,000 in the following year.

    Economic immigration, according to the Business Council of Canada, is essential to expanding the Canadian economy.

    Every unfilled position represents one less person contributing to the economic prosperity of Canada and one less person paying taxes to maintain Canada’s social infrastructure, says Hyder.


  • Nova Scotia Needs To reform Immigration System – New Auditor’s Report

    According to a new auditor general, Kim Adair’s report, Nova Scotia needs to reform immigration system of the province. The government needs to understand better what immigrants need to settle in the province as the province sets out ambitious goals to increase the general population.

    In a report released Tuesday (November 8), Kim Adair stated that the government spends $6.4 million annually on immigrant settlement assistance without understanding whether the money helps prevent them from leaving.

    Below are report highlights and findings, in addition to the suggestions made by the auditor general.

    More work is needed to meet Nova Scotia’s immigration target

    Adair explains that the current retention rate of 70% must be increased to 75%, which would require an increase in yearly population growth of more than twofold, to 25,000 people, from the current 10,000.

    The auditor general’s recommendations, such as looking at how settlement financing may best fulfill immigrant needs, are being worked on, according to immigration minister Jill Balser. As more and more newcomers settle in Nova Scotia, Balser said, the services must be flexible and adaptive to serve individual needs constantly.

    She added that her agency is also creating two new roles to handle fraud investigations and program compliance checks, introducing 12 new positions to process immigration applications more consistently.

    In 2021, Nova Scotia welcomed a record 9,160 immigrants; as of August of this year, that total had already surpassed 9,375 persons.



    Lack of evaluation by immigration Department of immigrant required services 

    Adair claimed that the Immigration Department had not evaluated the kinds of services required to help immigrants settle in Nova Scotia, adding that the government puts an undue reliance on information obtained from outside sources.

    Adair’s report stated that it is very difficult to identify what settlement services are required, which service providers should receive money, and whether any gaps exist without a detailed assessment to evaluate the requirements of immigrants. 

    The auditor general said that 18 immigrant settlement companies are currently working in the province, offering services such as language training, employment counselling, and community welcoming initiatives. However, Adair claimed that the government had not thoroughly examined the services given, their locations, or the demand for them.

    For instance, according to the report, evaluating whether language training is offered across the province or figuring out whether there is a greater need for particular settlement services in some places than others.

    The importance of feedback from immigrants

    Adair emphasized feedback from immigrants could help determine where future funding should be directed. In addition, the province has to identify labour market gaps for effective spending to match newcomers to jobs.

    While speaking to reporters in an interview, Adair said her department recommended that rather than just being reactionary, a framework should be in place. It would help the government get on top of the issues since it takes time to shift their focused efforts to particular gaps in the labour force. 

    Additionally, she said that her audit uncovered inconsistencies in how the province evaluates immigration petitions, leaving the system vulnerable to fraud.

    Furthermore, Adair noted that the province intends to increase its population to two million by 2060, requiring improvements in such areas.