Recommendations To Improve Canada Immigration Made By CIMM

Canada immigration improvement recommedations by CIMM


The Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration (CIMM) released a report, Promoting Fairness in Canada Immigration Decisions, where the Committee investigated visa outcomes in the immigration system. Upon examination, they found the system systematically and unjustifiably disfavours particular groups based on race and country of origin.

As a result, the Committee makes wide-ranging suggestions to improve the immigration system, which consistently disadvantages some groups depending on race and country of origin.

After hearing from several immigration advocates, lawyers, and settlement agency staff, the House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration decided to examine the immigration system. 



CIMM’s Key recommendations for the immigration system 

IRCC will share their response to the CIMM report and recommendations in a few months. Meanwhile, below are the key recommendations:

  • Visa officers should record applicant interviews to prevent miscommunication.
  • Ottawa should expand the extraordinary measures already available to Ukrainians, such as the provision allowing for the sponsorship of extended family members to people from other nations and regions experiencing humanitarian crises.
  • The Canadian government should establish a separate monitoring body responsible for the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), whose mandate should include dealing with racism and complaints concerning the agency. 
  • Immediate implementation of an Anti-Racism Quality Assurance process for decisions made by visa officers to investigate the impact of individual bias and systemic racism on decisions and refusal rates at visa offices
  • Requesting that Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) dedicate more resources to process caregiver permanent residency applications from all streams faster. 

As per IRCC, they train all officers to assess all applications equally and use the same criteria regardless of their country of origin. With the upcoming reports, they are looking to examine the impact on racialized applicants and minority community members. 

CIMM highlights longer wait times in application processing 

According to the Committee’s information, waiting for durations for various refugee groups may differ depending on shifting government priorities and quotas.

A non-denominational charitable group called Remember Ministries’ executive director, Jennifer Miedema informed the Committee that fund allocation tells you where priorities are placed or who are the favoured demographics.

Miedema says that “the uneven distribution of delays equals the uneven distribution of suffering,” adding that even holding out hope for final resettlement could be harmful over a prolonged period of waiting and delay.

Further, she explains the impact on refugees, as their hopes are raised when they submit their applications, but they need to wait for a year or two without any response. As a result, it has a heavy impact on their mental health. 

According to the Parliamentary Committee, the government should raise the overall number of refugees it welcomes to Canada during a crisis rather than backtrack on or delay receiving those whose applications are currently on hold. 

They also want a complete racial equity assessment of Canada’s immigration and refugee system and to allocate more resources to process and give priority to privately sponsored refugees. 

An increasing number of federal appeals 

The number of people requesting federal appeals to become new Canadians has increased seven times in the last three years. 

The court system is becoming overburdened with these judicial requests to contest allegedly unjust decisions made by visa officers and procedural delays. These applications are a judicial remedy in the immigration context that compels the IRCC to carry out a public legal obligation owed to an applicant.

The recording of candidate interviews has been recommended as a potential solution to help with court-ordered redeterminations of unsuccessful applications. According to Vancouver-based immigration lawyer Victor Ing, IRCC needs to be more transparent and honest with clients to avoid more mandamus applications.

Next, the Committee highlighted the increased wait times in the caregiver program. 

The caregiver Program has the longest wait times

The Live-in Caregiver Program saw some of the longest wait times before and after the pandemic. For example, the average time to process caregiver visas in 2020 was about 57 months and two days. While in 2021, the wait time was 68 months plus one day to process applications. 

As a result, 15,621 applications were pending or anticipated to be pending in the Home Child-Care Provider Pilot backlog as of December 31, 2021. In addition, there were 1,639 more applications in the Live-in Care Program’s database.

Arlene Ruiz, a licensed and regulated immigration consultant and a recruiter from Alexene Immigration & Employment Services, informed the Committee that many caregivers are from the Philippines. For them, the delays in application processing cause breakdowns in their marriages and children growing out of their dependent status. 

Immigration attorney Steven Meurrens also mentions that the IRCC lacks transparency, which adds to the problem. For example, the processing times mentioned on IRCC are inaccurate. Further, the Access to Information Act shows that there have been no caregiver files processed since 2019.

Following this month’s announcement by the federal Minister of Immigration, Sean Fraser, that Canada aims to settle 500,000 new immigrants by 2025, a new report by the Parliament has been released.

The announcement comes after a record-breaking year for immigration to Canada in 2021, when more than 405,000 people arrived. The nation is also dealing with an unprecedented backlog of visa applications, with 2.2 million being processed by IRCC as of this month.

Source: CIMM Report


  • Know Canada Weekly Earnings In All The Provinces

    On January 26, 2023 – Statistics Canada released latest data for average weekly earnings in Canada. They also released the industry-wise and province-wise weekly earnings data.

    Overall average weekly earnings in Canada increased by 4.2% to $1,180.21.

    The job openings fell in six provinces, with Newfoundland and Labrador losing the most (-35.3% to 5,500), followed by Manitoba (-26.5% to 20,600), and New Brunswick (-21.8% to 11,500).

    Ontario, Quebec, and Alberta had lower proportionate drops, while the number of job openings in the remaining provinces remained stable.

    Below listed are the industry-wise and province-wise weekly earnings in Canada and all the provinces.

    Industry-Wise Weekly Earnings in Canada

    IndustryAverage Weekly Earning
    Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction2362.28
    Utilities2068.42
    Professional, scientific and technical services1634.13
    Management of companies and enterprises1570.68
    Information and cultural industries1567.12
    Finance and insurance1556.47
    Public administration1527.13
    Construction1468.27
    Wholesale trade1413.46
    Forestry, logging and support1376.38
    Real estate and rental and leasing1300.33
    Manufacturing1261.16
    Transportation and warehousing1248.94
    Educational services1171.70
    Health care and social assistance1033.25
    Other services (excluding public administration)993.70
    Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services967.36
    Arts, entertainment and recreation713.90
    Retail trade700.82
    Accommodation and food services469.85

    Province-Wise Weekly Earnings in Canada

    ProvinceAverage Weekly Earnings
    Nunavut1579.90
    Northwest Territories1579.40
    Yukon1352.38
    Alberta1277.78
    Ontario1203.64
    Newfoundland and Labrador1178.30
    British Columbia1177.45
    Saskatchewan1149.77
    Quebec1124.11
    New Brunswick1076.99
    Manitoba1076.52
    Nova Scotia1031.80
    Prince Edward Island994.16

    Which Canadian province has the highest weekly earnings?

    Alberta has the average weekly earnings of $1,277.78 followed by Ontario at $1,203.64, Newfoundland and Labrador at $1,178.30, and British Columbia at $1,177.45.

    How much is the weekly earnings in Canada?

    Canada has the average weekly earnings of $1,180.21 as per latest data by Statistics Canada released on January 26, 2023.

    How much is the weekly earnings in Ontario and British Columbia?

    Ontario has the weekly earnings of $1,203.64, while British Columbia has average weekly earnings at $1,177.45

    How much is the weekly earnings in Quebec?

    Quebec has an average weekly earnings of $1,124.11

    Source: Statistics Canada

  • New IRCC Temporary Policy For Spousal Open Work Permit Eligibility

    Starting on January 30, 2023 – The IRCC will temporarily extend open work permit eligibility to spouses and dependent children of most work permit holders at all skill levels.

    This temporary policy was initially announced by Immigration Minister, Sean Fraser on December 2, 2022.

    As announced, phase 1 of this new temporary policy will now come in effect beginning January 30.

    PhaseEffective Date
    Phase 1 – allows family members of employees who come to Canada to apply for an open work visa through the high-wage stream of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program or the International Mobility Program.January 30, 2023
    Phase 2 – Following consultations, the legislation will be expanded to include family members of employees from the low-wage stream of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program.To be decided
    Phase 3 – Consultation with agricultural partners and stakeholders will be conducted to examine the practical viability of expanding the measure to cover family members of agricultural employees.To be decided

    Before this temporary policy, spouses were only eligible for a spousal open work permit, if the principal applicant worked in a high-skill occupation, defined under TEER 0, 1, 2, or 3.

    However, now spouses will be eligible for open work permit if the principal applicant is working in any occupation under TEER 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5.

    IRCC shared eligibility and ineligibility under this new spousal open work permit temporary policy as mentioned below.

    Who is eligible?

    Spouse, common-law partner, or dependent child of a work permit holder is eligible, if the work permit holder in Canada:

    • works in a job of any TEER (Training, Education, Experience and Responsibilities) category (0 to 5), or
    • have an open work permit such as PGWP (post-graduation work permit holder) at all skill levels, or
    • are permanent resident applicant under economic class currently holding a valid work permit

    Who is not eligible at this time?

    Spouses and dependents of work permit holders in TEER 4 or 5 jobs are not eligible at this time, if the work permit holders are currently working:

    Children qualify as dependants if they are:

    • unmarried or don’t have a common-law partner, and
    • less than 22 years of age

    Children aged more than 22 years can also qualify as dependants only if they are:

    • unable to support themselves financially because of a physical or mental condition, and
    • rely on their parents for financially since before they were 22

  • Here Are New Updated IRCC Processing Times As Of January 25

    IRCC processing tool was updated in 2022 to provide accurate information on average processing times.

    This article enlists newly updated IRCC processing times as of January 25, 2023 and comparison with last week’s processing times.

    These processing times are provided to offer Canada immigration/visa applicants an estimate of how long their applications may take to process.

    In addition, prospective candidates wishing to apply for Canadian immigration/visa can get a sense of what to expect before filing their application.

    These processing times are to ensure that Canada immigration/visa applicants get a faint idea of their applications’ processing.

    These processing times are meant to give new weekly processing time based on data collected over the past 6 months.

    Additionally, the processing time begins when IRCC receives the application and ends when the immigration officer reaches a decision on the application.

    IRCC Processing Times for Citizenship & PR cards

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Citizenship grant24 monthsNo Change
    Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship)15 monthsNo Change
    Resumption of citizenship34 monthsNo Change
    Renunciation of Citizenship15 monthsNo Change
    Search of citizenship records16 monthsNo Change
    New PR card180 days+ 9 days
    PR card renewals74 days– 3 days

    IRCC Processing Time for Family Sponsorship

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Spouse or common-law partner living outside Canada17 monthsNo Change
    Spouse or common-law partner living inside Canada13 monthsNo Change
    Parents or Grandparents PR38 monthsNo Change

    According to the most recent official IRCC data, the Canadian immigration backlog stood at 918,300.

    Furthermore, 1.055 million applications were still being handled in accordance with IRCC service standards. In total, IRCC was processing around 1.97 million applications as of December 31, 2022.

    Processing time for Canadian Passport 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted in person at Service Canada Centre – Passport services)10 business daysNo Change
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted by mail to Service Canada Centre)20 business daysNo Change
    In-Canda Urgent pick-upBy the end of next business dayNo Change
    In-Canada Express pick-up2-9 business daysNo Change
    Regular passport application mailed from outside Canada20 business daysNo Change

    Processing time for Economic Class

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Canadian Experience Class (CEC)20 monthsNo Change
    Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)30 monthsNo Change
    Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)63 monthsNo Change
    Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) via Express Entry12 monthsNo Change
    Non-Express Entry PNP21 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Skilled Workers (QSW)19 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Business Class66 monthsNo Change
    Federal Self-Employed41 monthsNo Change
    Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)15 monthsNo Change
    Start-Up Visa32 monthsNo Change

    Processing Time for Temporary Residence Application 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Visitor visa outside CanadaVaries by country
    India: 122 Days
    Nigeria: 403 Days
    United States: 42 Days
    Pakistan: 327 Days
    Philippines: 92 Days
    UAE: 241 Days
    Bangladesh: 226 Days
    Sri Lanka: 188 Days
    United Kingdom: 222 Days
    – 8 Days for India
    + 56 Days for Nigeria
    + 2 Day for United States
    No Change for Pakistan
    – 4 Days for Philippines
    – 4 Days for UAE
    + 1 Day for Bangladesh
    – 2 Days for Sri Lanka
    + 1 Day for UK
    Visitor visa inside CanadaOnline: 17 days
    Paper-Based: 43 days
    – 4 Days for online
    + 2 Days for paper-based
    Parents or Grandparents Super VisaVaries by country
    India: 127 Days
    Nigeria: 364 Days
    United States: 215 Days
    Pakistan: 292 Days
    Philippines: 155 Days
    UAE: 238 Days
    Bangladesh: 206 Days
    Sri Lanka: 233 Days
    United Kingdom: 155 Days
    – 5 Days for India
    + 136 Days for Nigeria
    No Change for United States
    + 15 Days for Pakistan
    + 9 Day for Philippines
    + 2 Days for UAE
    + 4 Days for Bangladesh
    + 5 Days for Sri Lanka
    – 2 Days for UK
    Visitor Extension (Visitor Record)Online: 205 days
    Paper-Based: 96 days
    – 1 Day (Online)
    – 44 Days for Paper-Based
    Study Permit Outside Canada9 WeeksNo Change
    Study Permit Inside Canada5 Weeks+ 1 Week
    Study Permit ExtensionOnline: 164 Days
    Paper-Based: 158 Days
    – 1 Day (Online)
    + 13 Days (Paper-Based)
    Work Permit Outside Canada*Varies by country
    India: 8 Weeks
    Nigeria: 34 Weeks
    United States: 10 Weeks
    Pakistan: 71 Weeks
    Philippines: 11 Weeks
    UAE: 48 Weeks
    Bangladesh: 31 Weeks
    Sri Lanka: 26 Weeks
    United Kingdom: 7 Weeks
    No Change for India
    + 2 Weeks for Nigeria
    + 2 Weeks for United States
    + 2 Weeks for Pakistan
    No Change for Philippines
    + 8 Weeks for UAE
    No Change for Bangladesh
    – 2 Weeks for Sri Lanka
    No Change for UK
    Work Permit Inside CanadaOnline: 167 Days
    Paper-Based: 60 Days
    – 2 Days (Online)
    – 1 Day (paper-based)
    International Experience Canada (Current Season)7 WeeksNo Change
    Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program (SAWP)25 Days+ 3 Days
    Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)5 minutesNo Change
    *Applications for critical occupations are being prioritized. If you are not applying for a job in a critical occupation, your processing time may be longer than shown above.
    Source: IRCC

  • Canada Immigration Backlog Drops To 918,300

    Finally, the Canada immigration backlog drops below 1 million. As per new updated IRCC data, overall backlog has now reduced to 918,300.

    Additionally, 1.055 million applications are still being processed within IRCC service standards. This number has increased from 1.02 million since November 30 data.

    The backlog has been continuously reducing since September 30, 2022 as follows:

    DateBacklogTotal Applications
    Under Processing
    December 31, 2022918,3001,973,800
    November 30, 20221,086,2002,111,400
    October 31, 20221,202,7902,239,700
    September 30, 20221,322,5002,610,700

    Overall, there were 1.97 million applications that were being processed at IRCC. This data has been updated by IRCC today and is true as of December 31, 2022.

    IRCC minister confirmed that backlog data is different from service standard data.

    For example, if spousal sponsorship specifies a processing period of 12 months, an application that is being processed within 12 months is “NOT” a backlog. Rather, it will be classified as standard processing.

    However, if it surpasses the 12-month service requirement, it is referred to as a backlog.

    It should be noted that IRCC’s goal is to complete 80% of applications within service standards. Click here to view the category-wise IRCC service standards.

    Application TypeOverall Processing InventoryBacklogWithin Service Standards
    Citizenship301,00085,000216,000
    Permanent Residence620,800361,300259,500
    Temporary Residence1,052,000472,000580,000
    Total1,973,800918,3001,055,500

    Below are the category-wise Canada Immigration backlog projections by IRCC

    1. Federal High Skilled Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2289%
    Feb 2292%
    Mar 2298%
    Apr 2299%
    May 22100%
    Jun 22100%
    Jul 2299%
    Aug 2290%86%
    Sep 2268%72%
    Oct 2245%59%
    Nov 2231%46%
    Dec 2222%20%
    Jan 2320%
    Feb 2320%
    Mar 2320%

    2. Provincial Nominee Program (Express Entry) Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2256%
    Feb 2255%
    Mar 2254%
    Apr 2251%
    May 2247%
    Jun 2245%
    Jul 2243%
    Aug 2242%39%
    Sep 2240%35%
    Oct 2242%31%
    Nov 2242%28%
    Dec 2241%20%
    Jan 2340%
    Feb 2339%
    Mar 2338%

    3. Spouses, Partners and children applications Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2234%
    Feb 2232%
    Mar 2230%
    Apr 2229%
    May 2227%
    Jun 2227%
    Jul 2226%
    Aug 2225%24%
    Sep 2225%23%
    Oct 2224%22%
    Nov 2224%20%
    Dec 2224%19%
    Jan 2324%
    Feb 2324%
    Mar 2324%

    4. Citizenship Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2246%
    Feb 2245%
    Mar 2242%
    Apr 2240%
    May 2239%
    Jun 2237%
    Jul 2234%
    Aug 2231%31%
    Sep 2231%30%
    Oct 2228%29%
    Nov 2227%27%
    Dec 2228%26%
    Jan 2326%
    Feb 2325%
    Mar 2324%

    5. Study Permits Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2242%
    Feb 2234%
    Mar 2227%
    Apr 2232%
    May 2231%
    Jun 2230%
    Jul 2231%
    Aug 2238%39%
    Sep 2231%42%
    Oct 2226%33%
    Nov 2227%31%
    Dec 2233%33%
    Jan 2336%
    Feb 2333%
    Mar 2323%

    6. Work Permits Backlog

    **As per IRCC, approximately 73% of work permits applications are from the Canada-Ukraine authorization for emergency travel.

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2248%
    Feb 2251%
    Mar 2229%
    Apr 2223%
    May 2226%
    Jun 2228%
    Jul 2228%
    Aug 2234%29%
    Sep 2227%35%
    Oct 2223%49%
    Nov 2228%55%
    Dec 2226%60%
    Jan 2358%
    Feb 2347%
    Mar 2330%

    7. Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) or Visitor Visa Backlog

    **As per IRCC, approximately 20% of temporary resident visa or visitor visa applications are from the Canada-Ukraine authorization for emergency travel.

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2270%
    Feb 2274%
    Mar 2255%
    Apr 2255%
    May 2256%
    Jun 2271%
    Jul 2267%
    Aug 2271%68%
    Sep 2274%71%
    Oct 2274%70%
    Nov 2270%67%
    Dec 2270%66%
    Jan 2377%
    Feb 2376%
    Mar 2373%

    Source: IRCC official website


  • Express Entry Draw Sent 5,500 New Invites For PR-January 18

    Today, second Express Entry Draw of 2023 again invited 5,500 profiles to apply for permanent residency (PR).

    Applicants having a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score of 490 or above received the invitations.

    Initial cut off score mentioned on the official website of IRCC was 507 which was incorrect.

    IRCC has also updated the correct CRS cut off score on their official website as of now.

    So, the CRS cut off score has reduced by only 17 points to 490 as compared to Express Entry draw on January 11, 2023.

    Furthermore, number of invites remained same as in the previous draw. This draw came in as a surprise because Express Entry draws are usually held bi-weekly.

    This is also one of the reason for drastic drop in CRS cut off score.

    Below are the details of today’s All Program Express Entry draw.

    • Number of invitations issued: 5,500
    • Rank required to be invited to apply: 5,500 or above
    • Date and time of round: January 18, 2023 16:13:57 UTC
    • CRS score of lowest-ranked candidate invited: 490
    • Tie-breaking rule: November 24, 2022 21:14:59 UTC

    If more than one candidate has the lowest score, the cut-off is based on the date and time they submitted their Express Entry profiles.

    All program Express Entry draws include all the the Express Entry profiles under Canadian Experience Class (CEC), Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), and Federal Skilled Trades (FSTP).

    Additionally, it also consider profiles under any of the aforementioned categories having a provincial nomination.

    Next Express Entry draw cut off is also projected to be around 485 as per CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of January 18, 2023 listed below.

    CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of January 18, 2023

    Express entry draw january 18

    Latest processing time for Express Entry as of January 18

    As of January 18, Express Entry processing times increased for all the three categories as listed below:

    • Canadian Experience Class – 20 months
    • Federal Skilled Worker Program – 30 months
    • Federal Skilled Trades Program – 63 months
    • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) via Express Entry – 12 months

    Full History of Canada Express Entry Draws since January 2022

    DateImmigration programInvitations issuedCRS Score Cut-Off
    January 11, 2023No Program Specified5,500507
    November 23, 2022No Program Specified4,750491
    November 9, 2022No Program Specified4,750494
    October 26, 2022No Program Specified4,750496
    October 12, 2022No Program Specified4,250500
    September 28, 2022No Program Specified3,750504
    September 14, 2022No Program Specified3,250510
    August 31, 2022No Program Specified2,750516
    August 17, 2022No Program Specified2,250525
    August 3, 2022No Program Specified2,000533
    July 20, 2022No Program Specified1,750542
    July 6, 2022No Program Specified1,500557
    June 22, 2022Provincial Nominee Program636752
    June 8, 2022Provincial Nominee Program932796
    May 25, 2022Provincial Nominee Program590741
    May 11, 2022Provincial Nominee Program545753
    April 27, 2022Provincial Nominee Program829772
    April 13, 2022Provincial Nominee Program787782
    March 30, 2022Provincial Nominee Program919785
    March 16, 2022Provincial Nominee Program924754
    March 2, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,047761
    February 16, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,082710
    February 2, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,070674
    January 19, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,036745
    January 5, 2022Provincial Nominee Program392808

    What is Express Entry System?

    Express Entry system is the fastest way to get Canadian Permanent Residency (PR). It has processing time of 6 months after submission of documents following the ITA.

    The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), a points-based methodology, is used by Express Entry to rate applicant profiles. The highest-scoring applicants are given an Invitation to Apply (ITA), after which they can submit an application for permanent residence.

    The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), and the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) all use Express Entry as their application management system (FSTP).

    Candidates for the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) who are in the Express Entry pool are already qualified for at least one of these programmes.


  • Check Out Latest IRCC Processing Times As Of January 18

    IRCC processing tool was updated in 2022 to provide accurate information on average processing times.

    This article enlists newly updated IRCC processing times as of January 18, 2023 and comparison with last week’s processing times.

    These processing times are provided to offer Canada immigration/visa applicants an estimate of how long their applications may take to process.

    In addition, prospective candidates wishing to apply for Canadian immigration/visa can get a sense of what to expect before filing their application.

    These processing times are to ensure that Canada immigration/visa applicants get a faint idea of their applications’ processing.

    These processing times are meant to give new weekly processing time based on data collected over the past 6 months.

    Additionally, the processing time begins when IRCC receives the application and ends when the immigration officer reaches a decision on the application.

    IRCC Processing Times for Citizenship & PR cards

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Citizenship grant24 monthsNo Change
    Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship)15 monthsNo Change
    Resumption of citizenship34 monthsNo Change
    Renunciation of Citizenship15 monthsNo Change
    Search of citizenship records16 monthsNo Change
    New PR card171 days+ 51 days
    PR card renewals77 daysNo Change

    IRCC Processing Time for Family Sponsorship

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Spouse or common-law partner living outside Canada17 monthsNo Change
    Spouse or common-law partner living inside Canada13 monthsNo Change
    Parents or Grandparents PR38 monthsNo Change

    According to the most recent official IRCC data, the Canadian immigration backlog stood at 1.09 million.

    Furthermore, 1.02 million applications were still being handled in accordance with IRCC service standards. In total, IRCC was processing around 2.1 million applications as of November 30, 2022.

    IRCC processed more than 5.2 million applications in 2022. This was more than double the files processed in 2021.

    Processing time for Canadian Passport 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted in person at Service Canada Centre – Passport services)10 business daysNo Change
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted by mail to Service Canada Centre)20 business daysNo Change
    In-Canda Urgent pick-upBy the end of next business dayNo Change
    In-Canada Express pick-up2-9 business daysNo Change
    Regular passport application mailed from outside Canada20 business daysNo Change

    Processing time for Economic Class

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Canadian Experience Class (CEC)20 monthsNo Change
    Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)30 monthsNo Change
    Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)63 monthsNo Change
    Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) via Express Entry12 monthsNo Change
    Non-Express Entry PNP21 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Skilled Workers (QSW)19 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Business Class66 monthsNo Change
    Federal Self-Employed41 monthsNo Change
    Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)15 monthsNo Change
    Start-Up Visa32 monthsNo Change

    Processing Time for Temporary Residence Application 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Visitor visa outside CanadaVaries by country
    India: 130 Days
    Nigeria: 347 Days
    United States: 40 Days
    Pakistan: 327 Days
    Philippines: 96 Days
    UAE: 245 Days
    Bangladesh: 225 Days
    Sri Lanka: 190 Days
    United Kingdom: 221 Days
    – 7 Days for India
    + 83 Days for Nigeria
    – 1 Day for United States
    + 1 Day for Pakistan
    + 6 Days for Philippines
    + 9 Days for UAE
    + 3 Day for Bangladesh
    + 43 Days for Sri Lanka
    + 3 Day for UK
    Visitor visa inside CanadaOnline: 21 days
    Paper-Based: 41 days
    – 2 Days for online
    – 6 Days for paper-based
    Parents or Grandparents Super VisaVaries by country
    India: 132 Days
    Nigeria: 228 Days
    United States: 215 Days
    Pakistan: 277 Days
    Philippines: 146 Days
    UAE: 236 Days
    Bangladesh: 202 Days
    Sri Lanka: 228 Days
    United Kingdom: 157 Days
    – 4 Days for India
    + 6 Days for Nigeria
    – 17 Days for United States
    + 17 Days for Pakistan
    + 1 Day for Philippines
    No Change for UAE
    No Change for Bangladesh
    + 1 Day for Sri Lanka
    – 6 Days for UK
    Visitor Extension (Visitor Record)Online: 206 days
    Paper-Based: 140 days
    + 6 Days (Online)
    – 29 Days for Paper-Based
    Study Permit Outside Canada9 WeeksNo Change
    Study Permit Inside Canada4 WeeksNo Change
    Study Permit ExtensionOnline: 165 Days
    Paper-Based: 145 Days
    + 24 Days (Online)
    + 29 Days (Paper-Based)
    Work Permit Outside Canada*Varies by country
    India: 8 Weeks
    Nigeria: 32 Weeks
    United States: 8 Weeks
    Pakistan: 69 Weeks
    Philippines: 11 Weeks
    UAE: 40 Weeks
    Bangladesh: 31 Weeks
    Sri Lanka: 28 Weeks
    United Kingdom: 7 Weeks
    – 1 Week for India
    – 5 Weeks for Nigeria
    No Change for United States
    + 3 Weeks for Pakistan
    No Change for Philippines
    + 4 Weeks for UAE
    + 1 Week for Bangladesh
    – 4 Weeks for Sri Lanka
    – 2 Weeks for UK
    Work Permit Inside CanadaOnline: 169 Days
    Paper-Based: 61 Days
    + 1 Day (Online)
    + 1 Day (paper-based)
    International Experience Canada (Current Season)7 Weeks+ 1 Week
    Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program (SAWP)22 Days+ 1 Day
    Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)5 minutesNo Change
    *Applications for critical occupations are being prioritized. If you are not applying for a job in a critical occupation, your processing time may be longer than shown above.
    Source: IRCC

  • IRCC Considering New Measures To Clear Visitor Visa Backlog

    The Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is considering “Aggressive Action” to decrease its backlog of visitor visa applications.

    This includes waiving certain eligibility requirements for almost half a million visitor visas under processing.

    The Globe And Mail obtained an internal IRCC memo from December 2022 which discusses two options to reduce the number of visitor visa applications.

    According to the memo, IRCC is concerned that the stockpiling is damaging “public trust” in the department.

    By February, IRCC hopes to significantly reduce or eliminate its backlog of visitor visa applications.

    Two Options Under Consideration As Per IRCC Memo

    1. The IRCC would process an estimated 195,000 applications in bulk in the first instance.
    2. For around 450,000 applications, Immigration Minister Sean Fraser would relax certain eligibility requirements.

    Furthermore, according to one of The Globe And Mail sources, immigration authorities will no longer analyze whether visitors have the sufficient funds to stay in Canada.

    Also, foreign nationals would not have to prove that they will depart Canada after expiry of their visa.

    This will be a temporary stock reduction measure, and the final policy may change from what is recommended in the memo.

    The memo also emphasized on the potential of keeping these measures secret and stated that none of the measures would have to be made public.

    However, two internal sources within IRCC told The Globe And Mail, that the government had opted for the second option and an announcement could be made within days.

    Immigration Minister said at a news conference in December, “We’re actually removing cases from our system faster than they’re coming in, which gives me confidence that we’re getting back on track.”

    Advantages & Disadvantages outlined in the memo

    On the positive side, it would definitely help in reducing the backlog, resulting in faster processing of incoming files.

    However, the memo also indicate that not all applications are “genuine tourists”.

    So, this might result in around 8,600 asylum, commonly known as refugee, claims.

    According to the memo, India and Nigeria are the two most common suppliers of TRV applications, and both nations are in the top 10 asylum applicants in Canada.

    As a result, the rise in applications would subsequently put increased strain on all elements of the refugee system.

    Furthermore, IRCC would grant eligibility for people with past denials and “derogatory material,” according to the memo.

    According to the two immigration department insiders, this was a rushed move that would result in less “scrutiny” of the applications. They said that the approach had shocked several department employees.

    The sources also said that this strategy will be ineffective in eliminating the backlog quickly since immigration officers would still need to complete admissibility checks on applications.

    Source: THE GLOBE AND MAIL

    *Disclaimer: This article is originally published by The Globe And Mail. All the content and facts as well as information from the memo is retrieved and interpreted by The Globe And Mail.


  • Canada Study Permit – Know How to Address Gaps In Study!

    A lot of students want to study overseas because of a prosperous future. And, when we talk about studying abroad, Canada is one of the leading choices for most students.

    People who want to study in Canada need a study permit. It lets you study at some of the most prestigious educational institutions in Canada.

    There is no age limit for getting a student visa in Canada. However, you need to be accepted into a recognized educational institution.

    Sometimes students take a break from studies in their home country, but then decide to pursue higher education.

    This could be because of any reason – working, traveling, health or family. And it is okay to do so.

    The good news is that having a study gap does not hinder your chance of being accepted into a Canadian college. 

    However, if you have a study gap, you need to create a timeline in chronological order to explain it. So, you must keep track of all the key dates and events during that time.

    You will need this to explain your situation to the officer. Make sure that you have all the required documents that can explain your gap.

    Examples of these could be job letters, medical records, or travel tickets. 

    3 Common reasons for study gaps

    There are many reasons why you could have a study gap. Listed below are three common reasons as well as how to deal with them – 

    Medical Problems

    Medical problems are unavoidable. This includes any illness or a serious accident. Taking a break because of them is considered completely legitimate.

    Firstly, because it may not be possible for you to do anything during this time. Secondly, you may not be able to travel abroad.

    Also, treatment is often more affordable in the home country. You can apply for a permit once your health has returned to normal. 

    Remember that you need to prove your medical issues by providing a letter from your doctor. You must present the associated health certificates and medical reports to justify the gap. 

    Working

    A lot of you may decide to work for a while after your 12th standard or graduation. And this is perfectly fine. Working can provide you with valuable experience.

    This can further help you in your studies. Moreover, some graduate programs in Canada require you to have a certain amount of work experience to be eligible for the program.

    To justify this, you need to have proof of your work experience. Payslips and letters of experience can help you do so.

    Make sure that the visa officer understands your professional and academic trajectory.

    Family issues

    Family problem is another unavoidable issue that can cause a study gap. During such emergencies, you often have to drop everything to look after your family.

    An example of this may be the death of a close one. Or taking care of an aging family member. This makes it really difficult to concentrate on studying.

    Officers know and understand that such things happen. All you need to do is be honest with them. Provide all the information that you can.

    If you have any documents that explain the situation like a death certificate, have them ready. Also, you should be prepared to justify how exactly the event disrupted your studies in your application.


  • Targeted Express Entry Draws-Know New Categories Proposed By IRCC

    Canada immigration will be holding targeted Express Entry draws during 2023, in alignment with Bill C19 and immigration minister’s mandate letter by creating different categories.

    IRCC shared their official priority and possible new categories for the Express Entry draws targeting at different categories.

    The Immigration Department opened feedback on these new categories until January 8, 2023.

    Their goal was to hear public opinion on hearing the perspectives on economic immigration. Specifically, they wanted to know which categories should be prioritized.

    These new possible categories shared by IRCC gives us an idea of what we can expect in targeted category based Express Entry draws in 2023.

    Good news is that IRCC clearly stated that targeted draws will comprise a portion of overall invitations to apply.

    Furthermore, they stated that normal Express Entry draws based on the Comprehensive Ranking System scores and individual programs will still continue.

    List of possible new categories for targeted Express Entry Draws

    IRCC is developing categories for targeted Express Entry draw focusing on:

    • solving chronic labour shortages and planning for the future; and
    • encouraging Francophone immigration and economic growth in Francophone minority areas.

    1. Selecting candidates based on work experience in a particular occupation or sector

    A proposed Express Entry category for selection that involves work experience in specific occupation or sectors having chronic labor shortages.

    Between 2019 and 2021, the most popular primary occupations invited to apply for permanent residence through Express Entry were:

    • food service supervisors
    • administrative assistants
    • financial auditors and accountants
    • retail sales supervisors
    • software engineers and designers
    • professional occupations in advertising, marketing and public relations
    • cooks
    • computer programmers and interactive media developers
    • information systems analysts and consultants
    • user support technicians
    • restaurant and food service managers
    • administrative officers

    2. Transitioning international student graduates to permanent residence

    A prospective Express Entry category focusing on overseas student graduates might respond more immediately to key shortages that remain across several industries and vocations.

    Graduates holding a degree or diploma in in-demand disciplines from a Designated Learning Institution, for example, might fall into this group.

    International student graduates are also well-positioned for permanent economic immigration since they are fluent in at least one official language, have Canadian educational credentials, and job experience.

    3. Transitioning temporary foreign workers to permanent residence

    A category for selection in Express Entry focusing on transferring talented temporary foreign workers, like with international students, might increase response to chronic economic demands.

    Temporary employees are strong candidates for permanent residence since they may find work in their industries (i.e., better job-skills match).

    Requiring experience in a high-demand profession may alleviate the most pressing shortages.

    4. Selecting Francophone and bilingual candidates

    IRCC may assist fill ongoing labour shortages in Francophone minority areas by developing a category for Express Entry selection based on fluency in French and expertise in in-demand sectors or vocations.

    Increases in the number of French-speaking individuals accepted through Express Entry might boost economic growth in Francophone minority areas.

    Source: IRCC


  • First Express Entry Draw Of The Year Sent 5,500 New Invites

    Today, Express Entry Draw invited 5,500 profiles to apply for permanent residency (PR). Applicants having a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score of 507 or above received the invitations.

    CRS cut off score jumped by 17 points as compared to Express Entry draw on November 23, 2022.

    Furthermore, number of invites increased by 750 as compared to the previous draw. This is the 1st all program Express Entry draw this year.

    Below are the details of today’s All Program Express Entry draw.

    • Number of invitations issued: 5,500
    • Rank required to be invited to apply: 5,500 or above
    • Date and time of round: January 11, 2023 16:14:19 UTC
    • CRS score of lowest-ranked candidate invited: 507
    • Tie-breaking rule: December 06, 2022 11:00:07 UTC

    If more than one candidate has the lowest score, the cut-off is based on the date and time they submitted their Express Entry profiles.

    All program Express Entry draws include all the the Express Entry profiles under Canadian Experience Class (CEC), Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), and Federal Skilled Trades (FSTP).

    Additionally, it also consider profiles under any of the aforementioned categories having a provincial nomination.

    Next Express Entry draw cut off is also projected to be above 500 as per CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of January 11, 2023 listed below.

    CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of January 11, 2023

    CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of January 11, 2023

    Latest processing time for Express Entry as of January 10

    As of January 10, Express Entry processing times increased for all the three categories as listed below:

    • Canadian Experience Class – 20 months
    • Federal Skilled Worker Program – 30 months
    • Federal Skilled Trades Program – 63 months
    • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) via Express Entry – 12 months

    Full List Of Canada Express Entry Draws In 2022

    DateImmigration programInvitations issuedCRS Score Cut-Off
    November 23, 2022No Program Specified4,750491
    November 9, 2022No Program Specified4,750494
    October 26, 2022No Program Specified4,750496
    October 12, 2022No Program Specified4,250500
    September 28, 2022No Program Specified3,750504
    September 14, 2022No Program Specified3,250510
    August 31, 2022No Program Specified2,750516
    August 17, 2022No Program Specified2,250525
    August 3, 2022No Program Specified2,000533
    July 20, 2022No Program Specified1,750542
    July 6, 2022No Program Specified1,500557
    June 22, 2022Provincial Nominee Program636752
    June 8, 2022Provincial Nominee Program932796
    May 25, 2022Provincial Nominee Program590741
    May 11, 2022Provincial Nominee Program545753
    April 27, 2022Provincial Nominee Program829772
    April 13, 2022Provincial Nominee Program787782
    March 30, 2022Provincial Nominee Program919785
    March 16, 2022Provincial Nominee Program924754
    March 2, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,047761
    February 16, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,082710
    February 2, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,070674
    January 19, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,036745
    January 5, 2022Provincial Nominee Program392808

    What is Express Entry System?

    Express Entry system is the fastest way to get Canadian Permanent Residency (PR). It has processing time of 6 months after submission of documents following the ITA.

    The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), a points-based methodology, is used by Express Entry to rate applicant profiles. The highest-scoring applicants are given an Invitation to Apply (ITA), after which they can submit an application for permanent residence.

    The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), and the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) all use Express Entry as their application management system (FSTP).

    Candidates for the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) who are in the Express Entry pool are already qualified for at least one of these programmes.