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CUSMA Professional Category-Here Are 60 Eligible Occupations

The Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) is a free trade agreement Canada, United States, and Mexico. It is also known as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Citizens of U.S. or Mexico can apply for work permit under CUSMA without requiring an LMIA (Labour Market Impact Assessment).

Furthermore, Americans can even apply for work permit at the U.S.-Canada land border or on-arrival at the Canadian Airport. Below mentioned is the most common CUSMA category:

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CUSMA – General

ProfessionMinimum education/credentials
AccountantBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or C.P.A., C.A., C.G.A. or C.M.A.
ArchitectBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial licence.
Computer Systems AnalystBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or Post-Secondary Diploma or Post-Secondary Certificate, and three years’ experience.
Disaster Relief Insurance Claims AdjusterBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree, and successful completion of training in the appropriate areas of insurance adjustment pertaining to disaster relief claims; or three years experience in claims adjustment and successful completion of training in the appropriate areas of insurance adjustment pertaining to disaster relief claims.
EconomistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
EngineerBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial licence
ForesterBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial licence
Graphic DesignerBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or Post-Secondary Diploma or Post-Secondary Certificate, and three years experience.
Hotel ManagerBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree in hotel/restaurant management; or Post-Secondary Diploma or Post-Secondary Certificate in hotel/restaurant management, and three years experience in hotel/restaurant management.
Industrial DesignerBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or Post-Secondary Diploma or Post-Secondary Certificate, and three years experience.
Interior DesignerBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or Post-Secondary Diploma or Post-Secondary Certificate, and three years experience.
Land SurveyorBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial/ federal licence.
Landscape ArchitectBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Lawyer (including Notary in the province of Quebec)LL.B., J.D., LL.L, B.C.L. or Licenciatura Degree (five years); or membership in a state/provincial bar.
LibrarianM.L.S. or B.L.S. (for which another Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree was a prerequisite).
A librarian must have either:a Master of Library Science degree; ora Bachelor of Library Science and another baccalaureate degree which was necessary to enter the B.L.S. program.
Management ConsultantBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or equivalent professional experience as established by statement or professional credential attesting to five years experience as a management consultant, or five years experience in a field of specialty related to the consulting agreement.
(including statistician and Actuary)
Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
An actuary must satisfy the necessary requirements to be recognized as an actuary by a professional actuarial association or society operating the territory of at least one of the Parties.
Range Manager/Range ConservationalistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Research assistant (working in a post-secondary educational institution)Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Scientific Technician/ TechnologistPossession of (a) theoretical knowledge of any of the following disciplines: agricultural sciences, astronomy, biology, chemistry, engineering, forestry, geology, geophysics, meteorology or physics; and (b) the ability to solve practical problems in any of those disciplines, or the ability to apply principles of any of those disciplines to basic or applied research
A business person in this category must be seeking temporary entry to work in direct support of professionals in agricultural sciences, astronomy, biology, chemistry, engineering, forestry, geology, geophysics, meteorology or physics.
Social WorkerBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Sylviculturist (including Forestry Specialist)Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Technical Publications WriterBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or Post-Secondary Diploma or Post-Secondary Certificate, and three years experience.
Urban Planner (including Geographer)Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Vocational CounsellorBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree

Medical/Allied Professional

ProfessionMinimum education/credentials
DentistD.D.S., D.M.D., Doctor en Odontologia or Doctor en Cirugia Dental; or state/provincial license
DietitianBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or Post-Secondary Diploma or Post-Secondary Certificate, and three years experience
Medical Laboratory Technologist (Canada)/ Medical Technologist (Mexico and the U.S.)Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or Post-Secondary Diploma or Post-Secondary Certificate, and three years experience. Note: A business person in this category must be seeking temporary entry to perform in a laboratory chemical, biological, hematological, immunologic, microscopic or bacteriological tests and analyses for diagnosis, treatment or prevention of disease.
NutritionistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Occupational TherapistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial license
PharmacistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial license
Physician (teaching or research only)M.D. or Doctor en Medicina; or state/provincial license. Note: Physicians may not enter for the purpose of providing direct patient care. Patient care incidental to teaching and/or research is permissible.
Physiotherapist/Physical TherapistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial license
PsychologistState/provincial license; or Licenciatura Degree
Recreational TherapistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Registered NurseState/provincial license; or Licenciatura Degree. Note: To be authorized to enter Canada as a registered nurse, a licence issued by the province of destination is necessary.
VeterinarianD.V.M., D.M.V. or Doctor en Veterinaria; or state/provincial license


ProfessionMinimum education/credentials
Agriculturist (including Agronomist)Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Animal BreederBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Animal ScientistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
ApiculturistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
AstronomerBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
BiochemistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
(including Plant Pathologist)
Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
ChemistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Dairy ScientistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
EntomologistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
EpidemiologistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
GeneticistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
GeologistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
GeochemistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Geophysicist (including Oceanographer in Mexico and the U.S.)Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
HorticulturistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
MeteorologistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
PharmacologistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Physicist (including Oceanographer in Canada)Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Plant BreederBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Poultry ScientistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
Soil ScientistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
ZoologistBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree


ProfessionMinimum education/credentials
CollegeBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
SeminaryBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree
UniversityBaccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree

  • Ontario Drive Test Pass Rates | Latest Location Wise List

    This article provides the latest Ontario drive test pass rates for full G and G2 driving licenses for all major cities in the province.

    It is always recommended for your own safety to learn all the driving rules and only take a driving test once you are confident and fluent with driving on Canadian roads.

    Stay on top of the latest news and information with INC – Immigration News Canada.

    Location-Wise Ontario drive test pass rates

    The best drive test locations for the G2 and G License Road Test in Ontario based on pass rates are:

    Drive Test CentreG Full Road TestG2 Road Test
    Kirkland Lake88.00%73.00%
    Sault Ste. Marie88.00%89.00%
    Thunder Bay81.00%80.00%
    North Bay78.00%77.00%
    Fort Frances77.00%72.00%
    Ottawa Walkley75.00%70.00%
    Owen Sound67.00%63.00%
    Smiths Falls67.00%63.00%
    St. Catharines67.00%69.00%
    New Liskeard66.00%60.00%
    Ottawa Canotek66.00%68.00%
    East York65.00%56.00%
    Toronto Metro East65.00%56.00%
    Toronto Downsview55.00%48.00%
    Toronto Port Union54.00%53.00%
    Toronto Etobicoke47.00%51.00%
    Ontario G or G2 test pass rates

    Just FYI, Guelph is the most favourite location for most of the driving instructors in the Brampton and Etobicoke Area, given the highway maximum speed of 80 km/h and the easily predictable route.

    Making an informed choice on where to take your G2 and G road tests is possible now that you are aware of some statistics about the pass rates for various locations across Ontario.

    Factors that affect G or G2 driving test

    Several factors can affect the pass rates at Ontario DriveTest locations.

    1. Road Test Location: While some testing facilities are located in crowded urban areas, others are in more serene rural settings.

    Since driving in congested city traffic is frequently more difficult than driving in a serene rural environment, this may have an impact on how demanding the test is.

    Furthermore, highway speed limits vary depending on the location; for example, Highway 427 has a speed limit of 100 km/h, but a highway in Guelph has a speed limit of 80 km/h.

    2. Popularity: Some centres could have a reputation for being more forgiving or more challenging, which may affect their pass rates due to increased or decreased test taker volume.

    3. Instructor and school quality: The calibre of driving instructors greatly influences students’ performance on exams.

    Some instructors may not adequately prepare their students for the challenges of the test.

    Guide to get Driver’s License in Ontario

    What is the easiest location to give a driving test in Ontario?

    Espanola and Kapuskasing have the highest success percentages for the full G Road tests, with pass rates above 90%, while Kenora and Sault Ste. Marie have the highest pass rates for the G2 road test.

    However, the actual experience can vary widely based on a variety of circumstances, including personal abilities, knowledge of the regulations, and the state of the roads on the test day.

    What are the best places to take your G or G2 road test in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA)?

    East York and Toronto Metro East have the highest pass rates in G2 and the full G driving test in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA).

    What errors are permitted in the Ontario G2 test?

    The precise number of permitted errors isn’t fixed, though; it depends on the kind and seriousness of the errors.

    Small driving mistakes are usually acceptable, but any reckless behaviour, disregard for directions, or infraction of the law will result in failure right away. Additionally, the total number of small errors must stay within allowable bounds, which may differ based on the evaluator’s discretion.

    What is the full G driving test pass rate in Brampton?

    Brampton has a pass rate of 59% for the full G driving test and 47% for the G2 driving test.

    Which locations have the highest G2 passing rate in Ontario?

    Kenora (93%), Sault Ste. Marie (89%), Sudbury (86%), Dryden (81%), and Winchester (80%) have the highest G2 passing rates in Ontario.

    Latest Ontario drive Test Pass Rates For All The Cities

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  • New Minimum Wage In Ontario and 5 Provinces Effective Oct 1

    The new minimum wage in Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Prince Edward Island will come into effect on October 1, 2023.

    This year, the minimum wage was raised by British Columbia on June 1 and Quebec on May 1, after the Federal minimum wage went up at $16.65 on April 1.

    The minimum wage is the lowest wage rate set by Canadian provinces; it is the minimum remuneration below which a business cannot hire any employee legally.

    This minimum wage applies to all employees, regardless of age or number of hours worked and paying less than the minimum set wage is illegal.

    New minimum wage in Ontario

    Ontario’s new minimum wage, which goes into effect on October 1st, will be $16.55 per hour. This will be a $1.05 increase from $15.50 an hour.

    On January 1, 2022, Ontario’s current minimum wage of $15 came into effect. On October 1, 2022, the general minimum wage in Ontario will rise to $15.50.

    As per the Ontario government, this rise implies that someone earning the minimum wage and working 40 hours per week will see their salary increase by over $2,200 per year.

    According to the Ontario Living Wage Network, the living wage in many parts of Ontario is $19/hr, but it is more than $23/hr in the GTA.

    Students under the age of 18, who work 28 hours or less per week when school is in session or work during a school vacation or summer holidays, will also see their hourly wage rise from $14.60 to $15.60.

    Minimum wage for homeworkers (people who do paid work from home for companies) will increased from $17.05 to $18.20 per hour.

    Hunting, fishing, and wilderness guides minimum wage will raise from $77.60 and $82.85 per day while working fewer than five continuous hours, and from $155.25 and $165.75 per day when working five or more hours.

    Labour supporters and opposition opponents, on the other hand, have stated that Ontario’s minimum wage should be at least $20 per hour.

    Manitoba’s new minimum wage

    Manitoba’s new minimum wage, which goes into effect on October 1st, will be $15.30 per hour. An increase of $1.15 from current minimum wage of $14.15 an hour.

    Manitoba also increased the minimum wage on April 1, 2023 by $0.65 to $14.15 per hour.

    As on October 1, the province has increased the minimum wage by a total of $1.80 per hour in 2023 from $13.50 an hour to $15.30 per hour.

    Now the province will return to annual changes based on provincial CPI, with the next hourly rate expected to be revised on October 1, 2024.

    New Nova Scotia minimum wage

    Nova Scotia is also set to increase the minimum wage second time in 2023 to $15 per hour on October 1, 2023.

    Previously, minimum wage was increased to $14.50 an hour on April 1, 2023 from $13.60 per hour. This is a $1.40 raise in the minimum wage.

    The minimum wage rates would now be revised annually on October 1, 2024 according to inflation plus additional 1%.

    Minimum wage increasing in Saskatchewan

    Saskatchewan will be increasing the minimum wage in province by $1 from $13 to $14 per hour, which goes into effect on October 1st.

    Last raise was done on October 1, 2022 when the Saskatchewan government raised the minimum wage from $11.81 to $13.00 per hour.

    The minimum wage will further increase to $15 per hour on October 1, 2024.

    Newfoundland and Labrador New Minimum Wage

    Newfoundland and Labrador is also increasing minimum wage for the second time this year. The new minimum wage will be $15 per hour, effective October 1.

    Previously, on April 1, 2023, province raised the minimum wage to $14.50 per hour from $13.70 per hour.

    The Minister is still examining the advice of the Minimum pay Review Committee to boost minimum pay rates by inflation plus 1% per year after 2024.

    Prince Edward Island minimum wage raise

    Minimum wage in Prince Edward Island (PEI) will increase by 50 cents from $14.50 an hour to $15 per hour on October 1, 2023.

    Previously, PEI increased the minimum wage by 80 cents on January 1, 2023 to $14.50 per hour from $13.70 an hour.

    Minimum wage in all the Canadian Provinces and Next Raise Schedule

    GeographyCurrent Minimum WageUpcoming RaiseEffective Date
    Ontario$15.50$16.55October 1, 2023
    Manitoba $14.15$15.30October 1, 2023
    Nova Scotia $14.50$15.00October 1, 2023
    Saskatchewan$13.00$15.00October 1, 2023
    Newfoundland & Labrador$14.50$15.00October 1, 2023
    Prince Edward Island$14.50$15.00October 1, 2023
    Canada (Federally regulated private sectors)$16.65$17.75 (estimated)April 1, 2024
    New Brunswick $14.75$15.50 (estimated)April 1, 2024 (Expected)
    Alberta $15.00TBDTo Be Decided (TBD)
    British Columbia $16.75$17.75 (estimated)June 1, 2024
    Quebec $15.25$16.25 (estimated)May 1, 2024
    Nunavut$16.00TBDApril 1, 2024
    Northwest Territories $16.05$17 (estimated)September 1, 2024
    Yukon$16.77$17.50(estimated)April 1, 2024
    Minimum Wages in Canadian provinces

    Alberta is the only province left to increase minimum wage in the province. In fact, Alberta has not increased their minimum wage since 2018.

    Which province has the highest minimum wage in Canada?

    British Columbia has the highest minimum wage in Canada at $16.75 per hour effective June 1, 2023 and is expected to increase further on June 1, 2024.

    What is minimum wage in Ontario?

    The current minimum wage in Ontario is $15.50 per hour effective October 1, 2022, which is scheduled to increased on October 1, 2023 to $16.55 an hour.

    When does minimum wage go up in Ontario?

    The minimum wage in Ontario is scheduled to increase on October 1, 2023 to $16.55 per hour.

    What is minimum wage in Saskatchewan?

    The current minimum wage in Saskatchewan is $13.00 per hour effective October 1, 2022. This is scheduled to increase to $14 an hour effective October 1, 2023.

    What is minimum wage in Manitoba?

    The current minimum wage in Manitoba is $14.15 per hour effective April 1, 2023. This minimum wage is set to increase again on October 1, 2023 to $15.30 an hour.

    new minimum wage 2023
    Photo by T. Royce Xan on

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  • India Canada Latest News and Updates | Ongoing Diplomatic Issue

    This page enlists all the India Canada latest news and updates related to the ongoing diplomatic issue between the two countries.

    We (INC – Immigration News Canada) are updating this page in real-time, as the situation is unfolding with LIVE, official verified updates from both countries.

    September 22 Update

    Canadian PM Justin Trudeau continues his stand, asking India to work constructively to get to the bottom of this matter.

    PM Trudeau said, “Canada has shared the credible allegations that I talked about on Monday with India. We did that many weeks ago and we are there to work constructively with India. We hope that they engage with us so that we can get to the bottom of this very serious matter.”

    Morning update:

    Canadian government sources are saying that Canada is weighing a response to the visa suspension by India but has made no decision yet.

    It is being reported that India is making an effort to get the U.S. on its side by inviting Joe Biden to be the guest of honour at India’s Republic Day.

    Joe Biden has not yet accepted that invitation, but the Financial Times has reported that Biden did raise the Nijjar murder with Indian PM Narendera Modi directly when he met with him at the G20 Summit.

    CBC News reports that there were several efforts to talk to India even before Prime Minister Trudeau travelled to India and met with Modi at the G20 summit.

    Canada’s national security adviser, Jody Thomas, went there for four days in August and then again a couple of days before the G20.

    Canadian government sources are saying that contrary to what the Indian government is saying in public, Indian authorities have not denied these allegations in private meetings.

    Previous Updates

    September 21 New Canadian Update

    New Update: According to the latest report by CBC News, the Canadian government sources claim there is human and signal intelligence to back up the allegation, including messages between Indian officials and intelligence from an unnamed Five Eyes alliance member, but as of September 21, 2023, the Canadian government has not made the allegation public.

    The U.S. has now said some words as a sigh of relief for Canada, urging India to cooperate with the Canadian investigation.

    U.S. National Security Advisor Mr. Sullivan stated that the United States has requested Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government to work with Canada to apprehend those responsible for the gangland-style death of Hardeep Singh Nijjar.

    He also said, “We are in constant contact with our Canadian counterparts. We are consulting with them. We support the efforts that they are undertaking in this investigation and we have also been in contact with the Indian government.”

    Mr. Sullivan told reporters. “I firmly reject the idea that there is a wedge between the U.S. and Canada. We have deep concerns about the allegations and we would like to see this investigation move forward and the perpetrators held to account.”

    Morning Update:

    Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau continues his stand on asking India to work with them in the investigation of Hardeep Singh Nijjar’s case and Indian involvement.

    Trudeau reiterated his government’s claim that it has “credible” intelligence that Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government was involved in the killing of Hardeep Singh Nijjar.

    PM did not provide a definite answer on whether they will also stop processing Canadian visas in India.

    The Canadian government is decreasing personnel levels at its diplomatic posts in India, citing concerns for the safety of its employees as bilateral tensions remain high.

    The Department of Global Affairs also stated that it expects the Indian government to continue to protect its diplomatic staff.

    “In light of the current environment of heightened tensions, we are taking steps to ensure the safety of our diplomats.”

    With some ambassadors receiving threats on various social media platforms, Global Affairs Canada is examining its personnel complement in India, according to Global Affairs spokesman Jean-Pierre Godbout.

    “As a result, and out of an abundance of caution, we have decided to temporarily adjust our staff presence in India.”

    Mr. Godbout stated that Canada’s high commission, or embassy, in New Delhi, as well as Canadian consulates throughout the South Asian country, remain open.

    “In the context of respect for Vienna Convention obligations, we expect India to provide for the security of our accredited diplomats and consular officers in India, just as we do for theirs here,” he said.

    “Global Affairs Canada will continue to take all necessary precautions to protect the health and safety of all our personnel, including locally employed personnel, as well as our operations in India. Decisions are made based on a variety of considerations, including an employee’s professional profile and personal circumstances.”

    Mr. Godbout refused to say how many Canadian employees are being reassigned from Canada’s embassies and consulates in India.

    September 21 New Indian Update

    The Indian High Commission and Consulate in Canada have temporarily halted processing visa applications for Canadians.

    This is due to ongoing security threats being faced by Indian High Commission and Consulate in Canada, causing disruptions in normal functioning

    An Indian government spokesman says this situation will be reviewed on a regular basis.

    Furthermore, the Indian government has informed Canada to have parity in its mutual diplomatic presence.

    The number of Canadian diplomats in India is very much higher than the number of Indian diplomats in Canada.

    Details are being worked out and India expects Canada to reduce its diplomatic presence in India.

    Our opinion on this latest update: It will be important to see the Canadian government’s response to India’s commentary on halting visas for Canadians.

    If diplomatic presence in India is reduced, then it will definitely affect the processing of Canadian visas for Indians, including study visas, visitor visas, work visas, and permanent residency visas.

    Stay tuned for the latest news and updates.

    September 20 Canadian update

    On September 20, Immigration Minister Marc Miller corrected his statement on date of Hardeep Singh Nijjar becoming a Canadian citizen, saying that Mr. Nijjar became a Canadian citizen on May 25, 2007.

    He said, “Mr. Nijjar became a Canadian citizen on May 25, 2007, earlier than I stated below. The error in dates is my responsibility to assume. Again, nothing justifies the killing of Mr. Nijjar.”

    Liberal Ministers face questions on the possible link between the Indian government and the June 2023 killing of Canadian Sikh leader Hardeep Singh Nijjar in Surrey, B.C.

    Indian update on September 20

    The Indian government issues a travel advisory for Indian nationals and Indian students in Canada, urging them to exercise the utmost caution in view of growing anti-India activities, politically-condoned hate crimes, and criminal violence in Canada.

    The advisory said, “Given the deteriorating security environment in Canada, Indian students in particular are advised to exercise extreme caution and remain vigilant.”

    Canada India Latest News and Updates

    They also asked Indian nationals and students from India in Canada to register with the High Commission of India in Ottawa or Consulates General of India in Toronto and Vancouver through their respective websites or the MADAD portal,

    Canadian update on September 19

    On September 19, Canadian PM Justin Trudeau said they were not looking to provoke or escalate the situation with India but to encourage the Indian government to cooperate in the ongoing investigation.

    PM Trudeau also asked the Indian government to take things seriously in this matter.

    There was an ongoing viral question by people in Canada saying that Hardeep Singh Nijjar was not a Canadian citizen.

    In response to this, Canadian Immigration Minister Marc Miller first confirmed that Hardeep Singh Nijjar became a Canadian citizen on March 3, 2015.

    In an interview, Stephen Brown, CEO of the National Council for Canadian Muslims and Balpreet Singh, legal counsel for the World Sikh Organization of Canada, called on the Canadian Government to do four more things

    1. Immediate recall of Canada’s Ambassador
    2. Start the process to expel India’s ambassador to Canada
    3. Cease all discussions of trade negotiations with India
    4. Immediate banning of the RSS organization in Canada and the expulsion of all of its Agents from the country

    India’s First Response and September 19 update

    The Indian government released an official statement rejecting all the allegations made by the Canadian government.

    Canada India Latest News and Updates

    Furthermore, they also asked a senior Canadian diplomat in India to leave within the next five days.

    Canada India Latest News and Updates

    Situation Worsens on September 18

    The situation caught fire when Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Mélanie Joly announced that they had expelled a top Indian diplomat from Canada.

    Canada also updated their travel advisory for India, asking Canadians to “exercise a high degree of caution” due to the threat of terrorist attacks throughout the country.

    Previously, this issue got viral when Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced possible allegations against Indian interference in Canada, with already fumes around Canada-India relations at the G20 summit.

    On the first day of the House of Commons on September 18, he said that Canadian intelligence is actively pursuing credible allegations of a potential link between agents of the Indian government and the killing of Canadian citizen and Khalistani activist Hardeep Singh Nijjar.

    Diplomatic Commentary Began on September 10

    The Canada-India issue of Khalistani Sikhs has always been a topic of discussion, but the situation got highlighted at the September G20 summit in India.

    Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau raised the issue of Indian interference in Canada, especially in relation to the killing of Sikh leaders on Canadian soil.

    The situation was still good at that time, with the Canadian PM saying, “We recognize that India is an extraordinarily important economy in the world and an important partner to Canada.”

    Who was Hardeep Singh Nijjar?

    Hardeep Singh Nijjar was a Sikh separatist from India who was active in the Khalistan movement. Nijjar was wanted by Indian authorities and declared a terrorist under India’s Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act after allegedly plotting the murder of a Hindu priest in Punjab. On June 18, 2023, Nijjar was shot and killed in British Columbia.

    How will the Canada-India issue affect immigration?

    The Canada-India issue may impact immigration between the two countries. It is advisable to stay updated with the latest news and official statements from the governments involved to understand the specific effects and any changes in immigration policies or procedures.

    India has already indicated that they are halting the visa processing for Canadians in Canada due to service disruption.

    Canada is yet to respond on this situation.

    Is Canada suspending visas for Indians?

    As of now, Canada has not suspended visas for Indians. According to Canadian government sources, Canada is considering a response to India’s visa suspension but has not yet made a decision.

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  • Universal Eye Care Deemed Essential for Canadians 

    Today, Canadians are facing a unique health crisis that continues to baffle researchers and plague the nation’s healthcare system.

    Over eight million citizens are living with at least one of the following major blinding eye diseases: age-related macular degeneration, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma.

    But despite 75% of visual impairment being avoidable when detected and treated early, over 1.2 million Canadians are living with vision loss.

    This has spurred the country’s vision health stakeholders to urge the Government of Canada to support eye care in its federal budget, seeing as the total cost of vision loss in Canada was $32.9 billion in 2019 and is expected to balloon to $56 billion in 2050.

    More importantly, blindness can negatively impact a person’s financial health and sense of independence.

    So, if a simple and typically inexpensive eye exam can prevent a debilitating and expensive condition such as blindness, why are more and more Canadians suffering from it?

    There are various factors at play here, such as the ripple effects of the global pandemic, accessibility to doctors, and the country’s rapidly aging population.

    There is a clear and immediate need to bridge the gap between those at risk for vision loss—older adults aged 55 and above—and the eye care programs they sorely need.

    Vision issues faced by Canadians 

    Most of Canada’s population is concentrated in urban areas, resulting in an uneven distribution of eye doctors.

    A 2020 study found that the average distribution of optometrists was only 1.70 per 10,000 people.

    In some remote areas, low vision care was attributed to a lack of access to government-insured eye doctors.

    Because optometrists can detect and diagnose vision problems before they progress, it’s critical to address this issue.

    That said, even adding more eye doctors and access to available coverage in certain areas may not help matters.

    According to Clearly’s study on Canadian vision care, almost half of Canadians regularly experience vision issues, but 34% of Canadians are long overdue for an eye exam.

    Their reported symptoms included blurred vision, floaters, and glare at least a few times per month.

    This is concerning because plenty of eye diseases can progress without one noticing vision changes; seeing actual changes in vision merits an eye exam all the more.

    However, there is an even more vulnerable group that the health sector needs to pay closer attention to: Canadian immigrants.

    Immigrants and eye care 

    There are several reasons Canadian immigrants, in particular, need eye care. First, it’s important to note that diabetes is linked to vision loss, particularly macular edema and retinopathy.

    Second, the number of Indians who became Canadian permanent residents increased by 260% from 2013 to 2022.

    In a study of over 1.7 million immigrants to Canada for ethnic differences in prediabetes incidence, South Asians were the highest risk group, with 47.9% incidence in the 50-64 year age range.

    That means this ethnic group has a significantly higher risk of eye problems among the current pool of immigrants.

    Therefore, governments should not only make blanket changes to eye care policies but also provide special attention to minorities and the Canadian provinces where their population incidence is higher.

    Some provinces give Canadian immigrants access to primary healthcare as soon as they land, while in major cities, it may take up to three months.

    Nevertheless, it appears that access is not a concern. New research published in BMC Primary Care has found that recent immigrants are less likely to have a family doctor, which means a lack of familiarity in a new country may impact people’s willingness to see even a general physician, much less an eye doctor.

    To avoid further burdening the healthcare system and worsening the country’s vision crisis, addressing seemingly minor barriers like language, transportation, and a sense of belonging may be necessary to encourage immigrants to prioritize their eye health.

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  • New Report On International Students in Canada

    Today, Canadian Senate members issued a report describing ways to improve the integrity of the program for international students in Canada.

    While the survey reveals that international students benefit Canada’s economy as well as its social and cultural landscape, there are a slew of integrity challenges inside Canada’s international student program.

    The report emphasizes, “While the Canadian government is being forthright about the highly competitive nature of the permanent residence application process, it could do more to be forthright about the immigration benefits of studying in Canada.”

    National review of the financial sustainability of DLIs

    The report suggests that the Canadian post-secondary education sector is too vulnerable because of its reliance on foreign students for funding.

    If there are any future downward “shifts in global international student trends” away from Canada, or if there are any “diplomatic disputes” that reduce international student enrollment in this country, Canada could be negatively impacted.

    Greater oversight on DLIs including private colleges

    This report suggests that oversight of Canada’s educational institutions could positively impact the lives of international students in this country by ensuring DLIs across the country work tirelessly and constantly to provide international students with a “positive on- and off-campus experience.”

    This is because such scrutiny can result in pro-student policies such as requiring DLIs to demonstrate how they will assist international students in finding housing and jobs, as well as handle other settlement difficulties such as mental health.

    According to the Senate report, “DLIs that do not meet the standard should be subject to losing their ability to welcome additional international students.”

    Raise awareness among international students

    As mentioned above in the section about education brokers, enrolling in PGWP-ineligible programs is a major issue for international students.

    To that end, the research contends that the Canadian government at all levels can do a better job of informing students about which programs are and are not eligible for a PGWP.

    This is significant because “strong motivation exists among international students to obtain PGWPs and permanent residence” after graduation.

    Housing supply for international students

    This recommendation, which necessitates an initial discussion about educational institutions’ ability to support themselves financially outside of international student enrollment, requests that the federal government take the following steps to ensure adequate international student accommodation:

    • Obtaining federal statistics on student housing is critical for making educated decisions.
    • Creating a dedicated funding stream for postsecondary institutions to develop affordable housing choices for students is part of the National Housing Strategy.

    According to the report’s authors, DLIs, as the initial point of contact for many international students in this country, and the Canadian government both need to do a better job of informing international students about their rights regarding housing, employment, and sexual abuse.

    Because many of these infractions occur and go unreported due to a lack of understanding, informing students of their rights and what they can do if they are a victim of these issues will help mitigate future concerns.

    National policy approach for temporary resident to permanent resident paths

    When expressed clearly, this type of national strategy can help limit disappointment among international students while also informing them of the realities of Canadian permanent residence (PR), namely that there are a much smaller number of PR spots in Canada than students may have been told when planning their studies and life in Canada.

    National policy on international student settlement assistance

    This report, like the other national policy suggestion, highlights various advantages of implementing the same method with settlement help for international students. These are some examples:

    • Better care for international students and a better overall experience
    • Addressing the issues raised earlier in the report
    • Providing a means to better educate and prepare international students for life as permanent citizen in Canada
    • Recommendations from the federal government

    Nationwide linguistic standard for DLI entrance

    Standardizing how DLIs convey admission standards will reduce uncertainty among international students and assure more success–both academically and otherwise–when they arrive to Canada.

    Following in the footsteps of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), a uniform baseline for international student admission standards could be helpful to all stakeholders.

    Improve the LOA verification process

    This report recommends that IRCC strengthen the verification process for Letters of Admission (LOAs), as this would “strengthen the integrity of the international student program while also saving trouble and resources down the line,” such as IRCC spending time and other resources on court proceedings and deportations later on.

    According to the research, this process can be accelerated by utilizing current technology, such as those presently available in the private sector.

    Amending IRPA and IRPR to further control the conduct of education agents

    A fresh look at reforming Canada’s Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) and the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR) can help introduce federal policies to regulate the conduct of unsuspecting and desperate students by overseas education agents and post-secondary institutions.

    This research, for example, advises that “stronger penalties, such as fines and the revocation of DLI status, should be considered for those who violate” new policy measures enacted following the reform of IRPA and Canada’s IRPR.

    Look at further regulations governing international student tuition

    Increased regulations in this situation, according to the report, should take into account factors like lowering the cap on tuition increases for international students.

    This is in line with the report’s first recommendation because it is only possible to do so by reducing DLIs’ reliance on international student fees to pay for operational costs.

    Increase education agent restrictions and sanctions

    To the same extent as recommendation 10, other provinces and territories should follow Manitoba’s lead in adequately regulating foreign educational agents/international student recruiters.

    Manitoba’s International Education Act outlines a variety of measures that govern behaviour and penalties placed on parties who demonstrate poor behaviour, including fines and a code of conduct that can serve as a teaching tool for Canada’s other provinces and territories.

    Will there be a cap on international students in Canada?

    Four members of Canada’s Senate released a report on improving the international student program in Canada and clearly ruled out any question of putting a cap on international students coming to Canada.

    Click here to view full report.

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  • New Express Entry Draw For 10 Transport Occupations Is Out Now

    Today, Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship (IRCC), announced the first transport Express Entry draw as part of its new category-based selection.

    This round of invitations emphasizes applicants with transportation experience, such as commercial truck drivers, pilots, and aircraft assembly workers, to help the industry attract the competent talent it requires across the country.

    • Number of invitations issued: 1,000
    • Rank required to be invited to apply: 1,000 or above
    • Date and time of round: September 20, 2023 at 14:04:14 UTC
    • CRS score of lowest-ranked candidate invited: 435
    • Tie-breaking rule: June 17, 2023 at 06:44:01 UTC

    The Express Entry system in Canada is now customized to provide a simplified and fast pathway for those with significant subject expertise.

    Canada aspires to fulfill the increasing demand for talent and fill essential positions that contribute to the nation’s economic growth and advancement by prioritizing the invitation of qualified newcomers with work experience in transportation occupations.

    This targeted Express Entry draw is focused on profiles with at least six months of experience in one of the below-listed 10 occupations.

    10 Occupations eligible for Transport Express Entry draws

    1. 93200: Aircraft assemblers and aircraft assembly inspectors
      • Example titles: Aircraft assembler
      • Aircraft assembly inspector
      • Airframe assembler
      • Bench and structural assembler
      • Bench fitter mechanic – aircraft assembly
      • Rigger – aircraft assembly
      • Wing tank mechanic – aircraft assembly
    2. 73300: Transport truck drivers
      • Example titles: Bulk goods truck driver
      • Dump truck driver
      • Flatbed truck driver
      • Heavy truck driver
      • Logging truck driver
      • Long haul truck driver
      • Moving van driver
      • Shunt truck driver
      • Tow truck driver
      • Tractor-trailer truck driver
      • Transport driver
      • Truck driver
    3. 72604: Railway traffic controllers and marine traffic regulators
      • Example titles: Chief rail traffic controller
      • Marine traffic regulator
      • Rail traffic controller
      • Train operator
    4. 72603: Engineer officers, water transport
      • Example titles: Chief engineer – water transport
      • Engineer officer – water transport
      • Fourth engineer – water transport
      • Marine engineer officer
      • Second engineer
      • Third engineer – water transport
      • Tugboat engineer
    5. 72602: Deck officers, water transport
      • Example titles: Coast Guard vessel first watchkeeping officer
      • Coast Guard vessel navigation officer
      • Coast Guard vessel watchkeeping officer
      • Deck officer – water transport
      • Ferryboat master
      • Master mariner
      • Ship first mate
      • Ship pilot
      • Ship second mate
      • Ship third mate
      • Ship’s captain
      • Ship’s mate
      • Tugboat captain
    6. 72601: Air traffic controllers and related occupations
      • Example titles: Air traffic controller (ATC)
      • Airport air traffic controller
      • Enroute air traffic controller
      • Flight dispatcher
      • Flight service specialist (FSS)
      • Instrument flight rules air traffic controller
      • Terminal air traffic controller
      • Visual flight rules air traffic controller
    7. 72600: Air pilots, flight engineers and flying instructors
      • Example titles: Air pilot
      • Captain – air transport
      • Check pilot
      • Chief flying instructor
      • Chief pilot
      • Co-pilot
      • Flight engineer
      • Flying instructor
      • Helicopter pilot
      • Pilot instructor
      • Relief pilot
      • Second officer – air transport
      • Test pilot
    8. 72404: Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors
      • Example titles: Aircraft gas turbine engine technician
      • Aircraft hydraulics mechanic
      • Aircraft inspector
      • Aircraft maintenance engineer (AME) (except avionics)
      • Aircraft mechanic
      • Aircraft repair and overhaul inspector
      • Aircraft repair shop inspector
      • Aircraft structural repair technician
      • Aircraft systems inspector
      • Aviation mechanical component shop technician
      • Certified aircraft technician
      • Flight test inspector
    9. 72403: Railway carmen/women
      • Example titles: Rail vehicle mechanic
      • Railway car inspector
      • Railway carman/woman
      • Railway carman/woman apprentice
      • Streetcar and subway car mechanic
    10. 70020: Managers in transportation
      • Example titles: Bus company manager
      • Distribution manager – logistics
      • Flight operations manager
      • Freight forwarding manager
      • Marine superintendent
      • Rail operations superintendent
      • Railway freight manager
      • Traffic manager – transportation
      • Transport department manager
      • Transportation manager
      • Urban transit system manager

    Canada confirms its commitment to attracting top global talent and assisting in meeting the economy’s need for transportation workers through category-based selection.

    These category-based selection rounds, as well as general and program-specific invitation rounds, will continue throughout the year.

    Things to Watch out

    It will be important to see the size of this Express Entry draw targeted for transport occupations since it will determine the CRS cutoff score.

    We are expecting the CRS cutoff score to be between 350 and 400, similar to what we saw in targeted trades draw.

    Furthermore, it will be interesting to watch out to see if IRCC will be holding other targeted draws as well as the no program specified draw since there hasn’t been any round of invitations since August 15.

    What is Express Entry?

    Express Entry is an online system used by the Canadian government to manage applications for permanent residence from skilled workers.

    It is a points-based system that ranks candidates based on factors such as age, education, language proficiency, work experience, and adaptability.

    The highest-ranking candidates are invited to apply for permanent residence through regular draws conducted by the Canadian government.

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  • New Ontario-OINP Draw On Sep 19 Sent Out 608 PR Invitations

    On September 19, 2023, the Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program-OINP draw issued 608 invitations to apply for permanent residency (PR) in general draws under two different streams.

    537 invitations have been sent under the Masters Graduate Stream to all the Expression of Interest (EOI) profiles with a score of 41 and above.

    Furthermore, 71 invitations to apply are issued under the PhD Graduate stream to all the EOI profiles with a score of 40 and above.

    Expression of Interest (EOI) profiles created under the above mentioned streams between November 22, 2022, and September 19, 2023, were considered for the OINP draw today.

    Summary of OINP Draws today

    StreamInvitationsScore range
    Masters Graduate Stream53741 and above
    PhD Graduate Stream7140 and above
    OINP Draws – September 19

    Invited candidates will now have 14 days to submit their application in support of the information mentioned in their Expression of Interest profile to get permanent residency (PR) in Ontario.

    Reiterating our suggestion for Canada permanent residency aspirants in times of increasing Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) scores in Express Entry draws.

    Rather than purchasing LMIAs or running payrolls, international students seeking PR in Canada can enroll in a Masters degree at one of the qualifying universities, which will:

    • boost their academic performance for future career opportunities
    • offer them the right to remain in Canada as students, and
    • offer a significantly better chance of obtaining permanent residency.

    Because no job offer is required for the OINP Masters Graduate Stream, it is better to spend your money developing your career profile rather than buying employment offers/LMIAs/Payrolls.

    OINP Masters Graduate Stream Draws 2023

    DateInvitationsScore range
    September 19, 202353741 and above
    August 30, 202377244 and above
    August 1, 202375548 and above
    June 6, 20231,17546 and above
    April 4, 202375252 and above
    January 25, 202369244 and above
    OINP Masters Graduate Stream Draws 2023

    All The OINP Draws 2023

    OINP’s Expression of Interest has issued a total of 12,954 invitations for permanent residency so far.

    The Masters Graduate stream is the largest stream, bagging nearly 4,683 invitations, followed by the Foreign Worker stream with 4,032 invitations so far.

    OINP StreamsNumber of Invitations
    Employer Job Offer: Foreign Worker stream4,032
    Employer Job Offer: International Student stream2,963
    Employer Job Offer: In-Demand Skills stream807
    Masters Graduate stream4,683
    PhD Graduate stream420
    Total 2023 EOI invitations12,905
    OINP Expression of Interest Streams Summary 2023

    When was the last draw for the Ontario PNP?

    The most recent draw for the Ontario Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) was on September 19, 2023, which sent 608 invitations to apply for permanent residency under the Masters Graduate Stream and PhD Stream.

    Latest Ontario-OINP Draw Sent Out 608 Invitations For PR

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  • New Express Entry Draw Today Invites 3,200 Profiles For PR

    IRCC sent out 3,200 invitations to apply (ITAs) in a new Express Entry draw today, considering profiles from all the programs.

    The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score jumped significantly by 35 points from 496 to 531 because of the absence of any round of invitations since August 15, 2023.

    Below are the details of the Express Entry draw today:

    • No Program Specified
    • Number of invitations issued: 3,200
    • Rank required to be invited to apply: 3,200 or above
    • Date and time of round: September 19, 2023 at 15:04:11 UTC
    • CRS score of lowest-ranked candidate invited: 531
    • Tie-breaking rule: September 12, 2023 at 12:16:31 UTC

    IRCC will also be unveiling its first targeted draw for transport occupations. You can check for updates here.

    IRCC has invited a total of 80,948 profiles in 26 Express Entry draws this year.

    In 2023, the CRS threshold ranges from as low as 375 in the Francophile draw to 463 for 35 Healthcare occupations, 486 for 24 STEM occupations, and 531 in the recent no program specified draw today on September 19, 2023.

    CRS Score Distribution in the Pool: September 19

    CRS score rangeNumber of candidates
    CRS Score distribution in the pool

    What is Express Entry?

    Canada Express Entry is an online application management system, that IRCC uses to select candidates for permanent residency based on their Comprehensive Ranking Score (CRS).

    Express Entry is in charge of administering the Federal Skilled Worker Program, the Federal Skilled Trades Program, and the Canadian Experience Class.

    When determining who to invite to apply for Canadian permanent residency, the CRS considers factors including work experience, industry, language skills, education, age, and more.

    When an eligible Express Entry candidate creates their profile on the IRCC website, they are assigned a CRS number and placed in a classification pool with other candidates based on these factors.

    Candidates with high CRS Scores have the best chance of receiving an invitation to apply (ITA) for permanent residency.

    What occupations are being targeted by Express Entry system in 2023?

    In 2023, new occupation based Express Entry draws are focusing on candidates who have at least 6 months of work experience in the last 3 years in one of the following sectors:

    1. healthcare
    2. science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) professions
    3. trades, such as carpenters, plumbers and contractors
    4. transport
    5. agriculture and agri-food

    You can obtain a comprehensive list of occupations with NOC codes for each sector by clicking on the links above.

    Always stay updated with the latest Canada Immigration News with INC – Immigration News Canada – INC News

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  • Migrants March On Streets Demanding New Permanent Residency Pathway

    Migrants, including undocumented persons, students, and refugees, marched in cities throughout Canada on Sunday to seek permanent residency status for all before the federal parliament reconvenes on Monday.

    In Toronto, migrants and sympathizers marched across downtown, including past the intersection of Yonge and Dundas Streets, causing police to post on social media that traffic had been delayed in the area.

    Protesters are urging the government to establish an uncapped program that will offer permanent residence status to all migrants and illegal immigrants, with no exceptions.

    The protest comes after a United Nations expert called Canada’s temporary foreign worker program a “breeding ground for contemporary forms of slavery” earlier this month.

    The UN Special Rapporteur on Modern Forms of Slavery, Tomoya Obokata, has urged the federal government to provide all temporary foreign workers with a path to longer-term or permanent residency.

    Migrants March On Streets Demanding New Permanent Residency Path

    According to Sarom Rho, an organizer with the Migrant Workers Alliance for Change, the demonstrators are asking the government to develop an unlimited program that would offer permanent residency status to all migrants and undocumented persons without any exclusions.

    According to Rho, there are 1.7 million people in Canada with temporary study or work permits without any clear pathway to permanent residency.

    She claims they are raising Canada’s food, caring for children, and working in front-line jobs.

    Rho said that without permanent resident status, undocumented people face massive exploitation at work, are denied life-saving medical treatments, and live in daily fear of deportation and the agony of family separation.

    At the time, a representative for Immigration Minister Marc Miller’s office refused to comment on whether such a permanent pathway would be implemented.

    “That’s one in every 23 people, and it hurts all of us when a segment of our society is denied the same rights and protections as everyone else,” Rho explained.

    Jane, who has been living in Canada illegally for six years, says she wants permanent status so she can acquire a good job and be treated fairly.

    “A fair job where you will not be discriminated against, where you will earn a decent wage, where you will be free to go wherever you want, to reunite with your families,” she continued. “Without status, you can’t do anything in this country.”

    “We cannot make predictions about future policies.” “All new policies will be made public,” a spokesman from IRCC told CBC News in an email.

    Source: CBC News

    Migrants March On Streets Demanding New Permanent Residency Path

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  • Top 5 High Demand Skilled Trade Jobs In Canada

    Canada has more than 300 occupations designated as skilled trade jobs and most of them are in-demand across the country and offer attractive careers.

    On top of this, Canada is now focusing even more on skilled trades by offering an easy pathway to permanent residency for individuals with experience inside or outside Canada in one of these.

    Furthermore, Canada has a labour shortage in most of the skilled trades, with an estimated 256,000 new apprentices needed over the next 5 years to meet this demand.

    Given the high number of occupations designated as skilled trades in Canada, individuals often get confused when selecting their career path or which one will fit them better.

    This article lists high demand skilled trades jobs in Canada as well as all the provinces so that our readers can make an informed decision when choosing their career path.

    As per the official Canadian estimate, listed below are the top in-demand skilled trades expected from 2022 to 2026:

    Top 5 High-Demand Skilled Trade jobs in Canada

    1. Cooks

    Cooks have the National Occupation Classification (NOC) code of 63200. They prepare and cook a wide range of dishes.

    Cooks work in a variety of enterprises, including restaurants, lodging facilities, hospitals and other healthcare facilities, central food commissaries, and educational institutions.

    Cook job titles
    • Apprentice cook
    • Cook
    • Dietary cook
    • First cook
    • Grill cook
    • Hospital cook
    • Institutional cook
    • Journeyman/woman cook
    • Licensed cook
    • Line cook
    • Second cook
    • Short order cook

    2. Industrial Electricians and Electrical Contractors

    Industrial electricians and electrical contractors have the NOC code 72201.

    Industrial electricians maintain, test, diagnose, and fix industrial electrical machinery as well as the electronic and electrical controls that go along with it.

    Electrical contractors, as well as the maintenance divisions of factories, plants, mines, shipyards, and other industrial facilities, employ them.

    Industrial Electrician job titles
    • Industrial electrician
    • Industrial electrician apprentice
    • Marine electrician
    • Mill electrician
    • Mine electrician
    • Plant electrician
    • Plant maintenance electrician
    • Shipyard electrician

    3. Industrial Mechanics (Millwrights)

    Industrial mechanics and construction millwrights have the NOC code 72400, and they install, maintain, diagnose, overhaul, and repair mechanical equipment and stationary industrial machinery.

    Industrial textile machinery mechanics and repairers are included in this unit group. Contractors for millwrighting work in the construction industry.

    Manufacturing facilities, utilities, and other industrial establishments all employ industrial mechanics.

    Industrial Mechanics job titles
    • Card fixer
    • Card grinder
    • Construction millwright
    • Industrial mechanic
    • Industrial mechanic apprentice
    • Industrial sewing machine mechanic
    • Knitting machine mechanic
    • Loom fixer
    • Loom setter – textile manufacturing
    • Loom technician
    • Maintenance millwright
    • Millwright
    • Millwright apprentice
    • Open-end technician
    • Plant equipment mechanic
    • Spinning fixer
    • Textile fixer
    • Textile machine mechanic
    • Textile machinery fixer
    • Treatment plant maintenance mechanic

    4. Painters and Decorators

    Painters and decorators have the NOC code 73112, and they cover the inside and exterior surfaces of buildings and other structures with paint, wallpaper, and other finishes.

    They work for construction firms, painting contractors, and building maintenance firms, or they may be independent contractors.

    Painters and Decorators job titles
    • Construction painter
    • Maintenance painter
    • Painter
    • Painter and decorator
    • Painter and decorator apprentice
    • Paperhanger

    5. Welders

    Welders have the NOC code 72106, and they use welding equipment to join ferrous and nonferrous metals together.

    Machine operators who operate already-set-up production welding, brazing, and soldering equipment are also included in this unit group.

    They can work for enterprises that make structural steel and platework, boilers, heavy machinery, aircraft and ships, and other metal products, as well as welding contractors and welding shops, or they can work for themselves.

    Welders job titles
    • Aviation welding technician
    • Brazing machine operator
    • Brazing machine setter
    • Electric arc welder
    • Journeyman/woman welder
    • Laser welding operator
    • Pressure vessel welder
    • Production welder
    • Soldering machine operator
    • Spot welder
    • Submerged arc welder
    • Welder
    • Welder apprentice
    • Welder-fitter

    What are in-demand skilled trades in Ontario?

    Here are some in-demand skilled trades in Ontario:

    1. Electricians
    2. Plumbers
    3. Carpenters
    4. Welders
    5. HVAC Technicians
    6. Bricklayers/Masons
    7. Industrial Mechanics
    8. Heavy Equipment Technicians
    9. Construction Managers
    10. Elevator Mechanics

    These trades have a strong demand in Ontario due to ongoing construction projects and infrastructure development.

    What are in-demand skilled trades in British Columbia?

    Some in-demand skilled trades in British Columbia include electricians, carpenters, plumbers, welders, heavy equipment operators, and automotive service technicians.

    What are in-demand skilled trades in Alberta?

    Some in-demand skilled trades in Alberta are:

    1. Electricians
    2. Welders
    3. Heavy-duty equipment technicians
    4. Plumbers
    5. Carpenters
    6. Steamfitters and pipefitters
    7. Refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics
    8. Industrial mechanics (millwrights)
    9. Instrumentation and control technicians
    10. Sheet metal workers

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