Canada Study permit refusal

4 Canada Study Permit Refusal Reasons And Your Options 


Canada has become one of the most popular destinations for students. With growing interest in Canadian universities and colleges, the number of students applying for study permits has increased significantly. However, not all students get their study permit; according to IRCC, at least 30 percent are refused. 

If your study permit is refused, you have two options: appeal the refusal or apply again, addressing the reasons for refusals. This article will help you identify 4 common reasons for study permit refusals and what you can do about them. 

4 Common reasons for study permit refusals 

Reason 1: The visa officer is not convinced you will leave the country after your studies

A study permit is a temporary visa. Hence it has an expiration date and a period of validity. You must demonstrate to the visa officer in your study permit application that you will depart the country when it expires. It does not prevent you from requesting to extend your study permit or request a permanent residence. 

The government has created some initiatives to assist students in either transitioning to permanent residency or helping them stay and work in Canada after finishing their education.

It implies that the visa officer must have faith in your ability to leave the country once your status has ended without violating the law. This is usually an issue if you don’t show valid reasons for wanting to go home.

In most cases, your personal statement is the only opportunity to address this issue. However, you should revise your statement to address the visa officer’s concerns if your first application doesn’t persuade them. 

In your updated personal statement, you can provide reasons to return home. It can include having family back home, job opportunities, property, etc. 



Reason 2: lack of sufficient funds 

When you apply for a study permit, you must show that you have the resources necessary to cover the cost of your travel to Canada, your tuition, and the living expenses of any family accompanying you while you take classes.

The government often requests six months of bank statements to verify that you have sufficient funds. As a result, your application may get rejected if you do not have the resources to support yourself and your family in Canada. 

If your application is refused due to a lack of sufficient funds to support yourself, you should pay close attention to the financial documents you included with your application. 

Remember that the amount of funds you demonstrate in your application is to show the visa officer that you have enough funds to support yourself. It does not mean that you need to spend that amount of money. 

Reason 3: Choice of program 

Applications for study permits may occasionally be rejected if the visa officer doesn’t understand the reasoning behind your program of choice. 

For instance, someone who wishes to study hospitality or travel management and has a bachelor’s degree in nursing from India and four years of experience as a nurse does not explain the program choice. In addition, the applicant’s educational background and career history don’t seem to fit very well with the chosen program in Canada.

In your personal statement, you must precisely clarify why you wish to study the program you have chosen if, in light of your prior education or professional experience, it seems out of the ordinary. Furthermore, accessing the visa officer’s notes can be quite beneficial.

Applicants typically have good reasons for selecting the schools they apply to, even if they don’t seem obvious. To ensure that the immigration officer understands your decision, you must express your motivation to them clearly. 

Reason 4: Your Letter of Acceptance is from a non-DLI 

A letter of acceptance from a Canadian educational institution is required before you can apply for a study permit. Your acceptance letter must come from a Canadian-designated learning institution (DLI) registered with the government. 

Additionally, you must satisfy all program criteria. The visa officer may reject your acceptance letter if they have issues with its validity or your ability to fulfill the program’s requirements.

You can reapply to a DLI and get a new acceptance letter to resolve this issue. For example, suppose the visa officer has concerns about your ability to fulfill program requirements, such as not having required IELTS scores or meeting specific program requirements.

In that case, you can provide additional documents showing how you meet the requirements or reappear for IELTS with better scores. 

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  • Childcare In Canada – Here Is All You Need To Know!

    The journey might sound too overwhelming if you are getting permanent residency of Canada, starting a new life and have kids. As a parent, childcare is usually the top priority. Everyone wants to provide their child with the best care. However, it is also essential to manage the costs and ensure that the childcare service is top quality. 

    So, if you have a child or are planning on having one, you are in the right place. This article lists the many childcare options in Canada. Also, it helps you understand the costs so that you can plan your budget accordingly. Moreover, it will also help you choose a service that is best suited to your needs.

    Types of child care in Canada

    In Canada, there are many options available for child care. A few examples of these are – daycare centres, home daycare, nannies, and preschools. Some of the services are regulated while others might be unregulated.

    Regulated services are monitored, licensed, and regulated by provincial and territorial authorities. Examples of these are full-day childcare, home child care, and school-age child care.

    On the other hand, unregulated child care is provided either in the caregiver’s or the child’s own home. In such cases, it is the parent’s responsibility to assess the quality of child care provided.

    Moreover, you will have to manage your relationship with the caregiver. Listed below are the different kinds of child care in Canada – 

    childcare in canada

    Full-day child care centres

    These centres are inspected regularly by government officials. Full-day child care should be licensed and meet the province’s regulations. These include group size, staff training requirements, physical space, nutrition, health and safety, and so on.  Any childcare centre that is not licensed cannot operate anywhere in Canada.

    Part-day programs

    These programs are regulated in almost all provinces through the same licensing systems as full-day programs. However, some requirements may be different. Also, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, and Yukon allow unlicensed part-day programs. Examples of such programs are nursery schools or preschools.

    School-age programs

    These programs are regulated in all provinces, usually up to age 12. However, starting age and specific requirements for school-age programs vary. Some before and after-school programs, recreational and skill-building programs, as well as programs for young school-aged children during summers and school holidays are not required to be licensed

    Regulated family child care (home child care)

    This program is available in all provinces. It is provided to a group of children in a caregiver’s own home. In some provinces, regulated family childcare homes are inspected or monitored by a government official.

    They make regular visits. Some regulations in this program include the physical environment, number of children by age, record keeping, nutrition, health and safety, and also sometimes caregiver training.



    Cost of childcare in Canada

    Child care is expensive in Canada and varies by province. So, it often becomes a challenge to find affordable child care. The monthly cost can be around $179 to $1,934 CAD depending on the province.

    In Quebec, Prince Edward Island, Manitoba, and Newfoundland, and Labrador half of the childcare spaces are at a provincially-set fee. Child care in Toronto is the most expensive.

    Also, Markham, Mississauga, Oakville, Richmond Hill, and Vaughan, all cities in the GTA (Greater Toronto Area) follow with the highest median fees for childcare. The cities with the lowest fees for infant care are in Quebec. Winnipeg also has affordable childcare. 

    How to find a perfect childcare option 

    Listed below are the steps you should take to find childcare that best suits your situation – 

    • Search for Child Care Services in your city. You can find them on your city’s website or the province’s Ministry of Education website. This will provide you with a list of licensed centers in your neighborhood.
    • Choose the location that best suits for based on your work location or home. Ask about their hours of operation. See if they match the days and times when you’ll need childcare
    • Check the environment of the childcare. It should be welcoming, safe, and child friendly. 
    • Confirm that the provider is licensed, regulated, or monitored by the government. Confirm their qualifications. See if the staff is trained in providing emergency first aid.
    • Lastly, ask about the fees and see if it fits your budget. 

    Tips for newcomers to Canada

    Here are a few tips for newcomers- 

    Budgeting – It is important to budget your expenses. Note down all your monthly costs. This will help you better plan your finances and choose the right kind of childcare program. Also, this helps you decide if you should go for private or public care. For example, hiring a nanny may prove to be slightly more cost-effective if you have two or more kids. 

    Grants – The federal government offers Canada Child Benefit to families with children. This grant provides a tax-free monthly payment to all eligible families living in Canada to assist with the cost of raising children under the age of 18. You should apply for these grants. 

    Subsidies – All provinces provide childcare subsidies. However, the criteria, limits, and options may vary depending on the province. You should consider this. You can Reach out to your nearest newcomer settlement centre for assistance.


  • Inland Vs Outland Canada Spousal Sponsorship Applications!

    Inland Vs Outland Canada Spousal Sponsorship: When applying for spousal sponsorship, you have two options: either as an in-land or outland. Both application types have different processing times and requirements to maintain. 

    One frequently asked question is whether you should apply as an inland or outland applicant for spousal sponsorship. The answer depends on your situation and needs. For example, it is best to submit your application as an outland applicant if you need to travel or be outside Canada. 

    However, if you prefer to work and remain inside Canada, the most suitable option is to apply as an inland spousal applicant. 

    Often, most people want to take both options: to work in Canada and depart when needed. However, leaving Canada while your application is processing comes with several risks that can lead to application refusal or denied entry at the border. 

    Hence, inland applicants are strongly advised to remain in Canada while their application is processing. The main reason is that if you depart Canada, you may not be allowed to re-enter. 



    Why should inland spousal sponsorship applicants not depart the country?  

    Considering that you enter Canada as a visitor, having family or spouse inside Canada sometimes serves as a disadvantage because, as a visitor, your stay in the country is limited to 6 months (if extension is not applied or status is changed). 

    Furthermore, when the border official is aware that your spouse or common-law partner is in Canada, it becomes harder, not easier, to enter. It may seem contradictory, but keep in mind that you are asking to enter as a guest at the port of entry, which means you are only visiting for a limited time and will return home after that. 

    If you have established your home with your spouse or common-law partner, you are not truly a genuine guest who intends to return home outside of Canada, and a border officer may reject your admission.

    Frequently Asked Questions about Class Sponsorships in Canada

    Can you depart Canada in case of an emergency? 

    If an emergency requires you to leave Canada, get in touch with a licensed immigration practitioner (consultant or lawyer) before you leave. It would help if you honestly weighed the importance of being allowed to travel against the risk you are taking with your application. 

    Nevertheless, there is documentation that you may prepare in advance that may help you at the port of entry upon your return.

    What to do if you have already left Canada and were denied entry?

    Unfortunately, you will need to start your sponsorship application again if you cannot return to Canada, this time with an outland spousal sponsorship application. 

    To begin a new application as an outland applicant, you must first withdraw your current ongoing application. Moreover, the $550 application fee may not be refundable if your application is already processed.

    You may be eligible for a refund if your application is not yet processed, but it is not guaranteed, and the refund process can take months. 

    Remember that applying again comes with a new set of updated forms, proof of support with a more current date, and sometimes new police clearances. 

    Nevertheless, it is important to note that numerous applicants for inland sponsorship do arrive and depart successfully. Every time they leave the country, though, they run the possibility of having their application for permanent residence delayed or denied if they can’t get back into Canada immediately.

     In addition, living together while the application was being processed is one of the requirements for approval of an inland sponsorship, so even if you are permitted to enter Canada again, a prolonged absence from the country can still present issues.

    Can you change your application from inland to outland or vice versa? 

    No, even though the application materials will be identical, an inland sponsorship has a different legal structure and procedure than an outland sponsorship. 

    Even separate IRCC offices handle the processing of the applications. You cannot request that an application be changed to a different stream once filed under one stream. Withdrawing your spousal sponsorship and submitting a fresh application would be the option if you discover that you must switch categories for some reason.

    For more details on spousal sponsorship, refer to official IRCC page.


  • Express Entry Glitch Invited Some Ineligible Profiles In Latest Draw

    With the implementation of the new TEER system on November 16, IRCC Express Entry management system has reflected several glitches. In addition, many lawyers and immigration specialist have voiced their concerns about the ongoing IRCC glitches. 

    Certain Express Entry profiles didn’t receive an invitation to apply (ITA) in November 23 draw; although, they had CRS score above the declared cut off. While some ineligible profiles got the invite because some profiles received additional CRS points that they were not entitled to.

    This article highlights some of the glitches in the Express Entry system that has affected the system after implementation of new TEER system on November 16. 



    Glitches in the Express Entry system

    Ottawa based Immigration lawyer Tamara Mosher-Kuczer highlighted some of the glitches in the Express Entry system. She mentions that since November 16, there have been “serious” Express Entry glitches. 

    As a result of these glitches, some applicants did not receive an invitation to apply in the latest Express Entry draw, which has had severe consequences for some applicants. 

    “IRCC should own up to the errors, apologize to those in the pool, and ideally find some way to rectify for those seriously impacted,” says Tamara.

    The applicants who did not receive an invitation in the latest Express Entry draw had a Comprehensive Ranking Score (CRS) above the minimum required score to receive an invitation. However, they were not invited. 

    Another glitch was that the applicants did not get the points for their spouse’s Canadian work experience. Generally, applicants receive 70 CRS points for a spouse’s Canadian work experience. 

    Furthermore, some applicants were marked eligible for the Canadian Experience Class and received an invitation to apply, but they did not possess the Canadian work experience to be eligible. 

    In addition, certain applicants received additional CRS points that they were not qualified for and were invited to apply based on those invalid scores. 

    IRCC is yet to respond to glitches

    IRCC is yet to respond to these ongoing glitches. Recently, several applications process has been moved online for faster processing. Yet, they continue to pose problems in the portal. 

    Good news is that certain Express Entry profiles just got lucky because of the above mentioned glitch. However, bad news is that certain deserving Express Entry profiles were left out in the latest Express Entry draw.

    We will continue to update you if there is any future update on the ongoing glitches in the Express Entry system to help you prepare for your immigration journey. 


  • Recommendations To Improve Canada Immigration Made By CIMM

    The Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration (CIMM) released a report, Promoting Fairness in Canada Immigration Decisions, where the Committee investigated visa outcomes in the immigration system. Upon examination, they found the system systematically and unjustifiably disfavours particular groups based on race and country of origin.

    As a result, the Committee makes wide-ranging suggestions to improve the immigration system, which consistently disadvantages some groups depending on race and country of origin.

    After hearing from several immigration advocates, lawyers, and settlement agency staff, the House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration decided to examine the immigration system. 



    CIMM’s Key recommendations for the immigration system 

    IRCC will share their response to the CIMM report and recommendations in a few months. Meanwhile, below are the key recommendations:

    • Visa officers should record applicant interviews to prevent miscommunication.
    • Ottawa should expand the extraordinary measures already available to Ukrainians, such as the provision allowing for the sponsorship of extended family members to people from other nations and regions experiencing humanitarian crises.
    • The Canadian government should establish a separate monitoring body responsible for the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), whose mandate should include dealing with racism and complaints concerning the agency. 
    • Immediate implementation of an Anti-Racism Quality Assurance process for decisions made by visa officers to investigate the impact of individual bias and systemic racism on decisions and refusal rates at visa offices
    • Requesting that Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) dedicate more resources to process caregiver permanent residency applications from all streams faster. 

    As per IRCC, they train all officers to assess all applications equally and use the same criteria regardless of their country of origin. With the upcoming reports, they are looking to examine the impact on racialized applicants and minority community members. 

    CIMM highlights longer wait times in application processing 

    According to the Committee’s information, waiting for durations for various refugee groups may differ depending on shifting government priorities and quotas.

    A non-denominational charitable group called Remember Ministries’ executive director, Jennifer Miedema informed the Committee that fund allocation tells you where priorities are placed or who are the favoured demographics.

    Miedema says that “the uneven distribution of delays equals the uneven distribution of suffering,” adding that even holding out hope for final resettlement could be harmful over a prolonged period of waiting and delay.

    Further, she explains the impact on refugees, as their hopes are raised when they submit their applications, but they need to wait for a year or two without any response. As a result, it has a heavy impact on their mental health. 

    According to the Parliamentary Committee, the government should raise the overall number of refugees it welcomes to Canada during a crisis rather than backtrack on or delay receiving those whose applications are currently on hold. 

    They also want a complete racial equity assessment of Canada’s immigration and refugee system and to allocate more resources to process and give priority to privately sponsored refugees. 

    An increasing number of federal appeals 

    The number of people requesting federal appeals to become new Canadians has increased seven times in the last three years. 

    The court system is becoming overburdened with these judicial requests to contest allegedly unjust decisions made by visa officers and procedural delays. These applications are a judicial remedy in the immigration context that compels the IRCC to carry out a public legal obligation owed to an applicant.

    The recording of candidate interviews has been recommended as a potential solution to help with court-ordered redeterminations of unsuccessful applications. According to Vancouver-based immigration lawyer Victor Ing, IRCC needs to be more transparent and honest with clients to avoid more mandamus applications.

    Next, the Committee highlighted the increased wait times in the caregiver program. 

    The caregiver Program has the longest wait times

    The Live-in Caregiver Program saw some of the longest wait times before and after the pandemic. For example, the average time to process caregiver visas in 2020 was about 57 months and two days. While in 2021, the wait time was 68 months plus one day to process applications. 

    As a result, 15,621 applications were pending or anticipated to be pending in the Home Child-Care Provider Pilot backlog as of December 31, 2021. In addition, there were 1,639 more applications in the Live-in Care Program’s database.

    Arlene Ruiz, a licensed and regulated immigration consultant and a recruiter from Alexene Immigration & Employment Services, informed the Committee that many caregivers are from the Philippines. For them, the delays in application processing cause breakdowns in their marriages and children growing out of their dependent status. 

    Immigration attorney Steven Meurrens also mentions that the IRCC lacks transparency, which adds to the problem. For example, the processing times mentioned on IRCC are inaccurate. Further, the Access to Information Act shows that there have been no caregiver files processed since 2019.

    Following this month’s announcement by the federal Minister of Immigration, Sean Fraser, that Canada aims to settle 500,000 new immigrants by 2025, a new report by the Parliament has been released.

    The announcement comes after a record-breaking year for immigration to Canada in 2021, when more than 405,000 people arrived. The nation is also dealing with an unprecedented backlog of visa applications, with 2.2 million being processed by IRCC as of this month.

    Source: CIMM Report


  • Know Latest Average Weekly Earnings In Canada & All The Provinces

    On November 24, 2022 – Statistics Canada released September 2022 data for average weekly earnings in Canada and all provinces. Due to administrative steps that lead to the collection and compilation of data from our widely dispersed Canada, this data is typically delayed by two months.

    In September 2022, the number of employees receiving pay or benefits from their employer increased by 85,300 (+0.5%), according to the Survey of Employment, Payrolls, and Hours. Average weekly earnings in Canada is at $1,175.37, an increase of 3.5% year-on-year.

    Overall, the payroll employment were largest in Quebec (+39,100; +1.0%), Ontario (+15,300; +0.2%), British Columbia (+10,500; +0.4%) and Alberta (+10,400; +0.5%). The only province to see a decrease in payroll employment was Newfoundland and Labrador (-900; -0.4%).

    Overall, average weekly earnings increased by 3.5% year on year in September 2022, slightly higher than the 3.2% increase in August. Below are the province-wise and industry-wise weekly earnings as per Statistics Canada.

    Industry-Wise Weekly Earnings in Canada (Including overtime) – September 2022

    IndustryAverage Weekly Earnings
    Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction2304.44
    Utilities1927.56
    Finance and insurance1724.12
    Professional, scientific and technical services1639.86
    Information and cultural industries1621.54
    Public administration1532.19
    Management of companies and enterprises1493.67
    Construction1456.61
    Forestry, logging and support1411.59
    Wholesale trade1399.45
    Manufacturing1248.50
    Transportation and warehousing1226.55
    Real estate and rental and leasing1204.10
    Sector aggregate1175.37
    Educational services1145.01
    Health care and social assistance1016.67
    Other services (excluding public administration)981.10
    Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services952.89
    Arts, entertainment and recreation729.04
    Retail trade704.73
    Accommodation and food services468.30


    Province-Wise Weekly Earnings in Canada

    GeographyWeekly Earnings Sep 2022Weekly Earnings Aug 2022
    Nunavut$1593.33$1559.50
    Northwest Territories$1560.30$1552.27
    Yukon$1334.02$1348.75
    Alberta$1266.05$1257.16
    Ontario$1206.70$1198.79
    British Columbia$1175.98$1170.23
    Newfoundland and Labrador$1159.31$1145.71
    Saskatchewan$1155.70$1143.55
    Quebec$1118.25$1120.40
    New Brunswick$1082.99$1066.62
    Manitoba$1066.67$1070.27
    Nova Scotia$1020.83$1027.02
    Prince Edward Island$985.73$975.54

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Which Canadian province has the highest average weekly earnings?

    Nunavut has the highest weekly earnings at $1593.33 followed by Northwest Territories at $1560.30 and Yukon at $1334.02. However, these provinces have very low population being in the northern Canada.

    Alberta has the average weekly earnings of $1266.05 among the major Canadian provinces followed by Ontario at $1206.70 and British Columbia at $1175.98.

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Canada?

    Canada has the average weekly earnings of $1,175.37 as per latest data by Statistics Canada released on November 24, 2022.

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Ontario and British Columbia?

    Ontario has the average weekly earnings of $1206.70, while British Columbia has average weekly earnings at $1175.98

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Quebec?

    Quebec has an average weekly earnings of $1118.25

    Source: Statistics Canada


  • IRCC Testing New Automation Tools To Improve Processing

    IRCC is implementing tools to help process applications more efficiently as more people apply for IRCC programs. With these tools, IRCC will be using the technology to aid, support, and inform IRCC decision-makers, but not replace them. 

    However, IRCC staff will continue to play an essential role in IRCC’s decision-making processes. The new tools are to automate certain tasks and activities, such as using systems to sort applications so their staff and decision-makers can dedicate more time to complex applications, issues, and final judgments.

    For applicants to have digital transparency and better understand the tools used by IRCC, below is how IRCC states that they use automation and advanced data analytics to process applications.

    Use of Advanced data analytics by IRCC to sort and organize

    With advanced data analytics tools, IRCC uses these tools to sort and expedite applications for temporary residence visa applications submitted from outside Canada. 

    IRCC has also begun a pilot program to use similar technology to speed up the processing of Canadian applications for spousal and common-law partner sponsorship. Modern data analytics solutions can identify patterns to speed up the job and provide better information to decision-makers.

    Additionally, advanced analytics help officers identify routine applications for quicker processing, such as certain applicants who have already received approval to travel to Canada within the last ten years. With this procedure, IRCC can manage their workload better and help applicants receive decisions on their applications sooner. 

    However, it is important to note that using advanced data analytics only determines if an applicant is eligible. For example, when an applicant is considered for streamlined processing, advanced data analytics will help determine if the applicant is eligible before their file is passed to an officer. Then the officer screens for admissibility, including security and criminality. 

    IRCC officers being highly trained will continue to:

    • Conduct background checks on all applicants for security and criminal records 
    • be responsible for the final decision

    Moreover, applications that are not considered routine are prioritized and sent to officers for standard manual processing. It is only the officer who always has the final say on applications.

    As per IRCC, their system never refuse or recommend rejecting applications. According to the department, only an officer makes the decision of refusing an immigration/visa application. 

    In addition, IRCC will routinely examine the system to ensure that they are operating as planned and that the outcomes align with applications that have undergone thorough human assessment. Before extending advanced data analytics to new fields, IRCC will evaluate its performance.



    Responsible technological development

    Before implementing any future technology, IRCC will be investigating its use and evaluate the need for that service, including its benefits and impacts on clients. 

    A team of experts, including decision-makers, will be involved in developing and using future advanced data analytics tools at IRCC, including a comprehensive examination for bias and discriminatory implications.

    Personal information protection

    IRCC designed complex data analytics technologies using information from previous clients’ apps. Other IRCC systems will be designed in the same manner. 

    If you are currently applying to an IRCC program or have previously applied, the information in your application and additional information gathered to support your application may be used by IRCC to create an advanced data analytics system within IRCC. 

    IRCC may use these analytics technologies to assist in processing applications and decision-making in line with the Privacy Act, the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.

    The advanced data analytics systems exclusively use personal information that is relevant and required for the application process, including information provided by our law enforcement partners in compliance with established information-sharing agreements. However, the systems do not use data from social media channels.

    As IRCC extends complex data analytics, privacy will remain a top consideration. Accordingly, IRCC continues to take its personal information privacy obligations seriously and to observe and respect Canada’s Privacy Act and related directives and regulations. 

    Source: IRCC


  • Dual Intent Canada Immigration Applications-All You Need To Know

    When a foreign national seeks to enter Canada temporarily as a visitor, student or worker while concurrently applying for permanent residency in Canada, they have dual intent.

    While it is legal to have two intents, one for temporary residency and one for permanent residence, the applicant must satisfy both requirements. 

    The possibility that a temporary resident applicant may be approved for permanent residence in the future does not exempt the individual from meeting the requirements of a temporary resident. In particular, the requirement to leave Canada at the end of the period authorized for their stay. 

    How do officers evaluate dual intent applications? 

    While evaluating dual intent applications, the office assesses if a temporary residence applicant genuinely intends to fulfill their obligations as a temporary resident—to depart Canada at the end of their period of authorization. 

    Accordingly, the officer distinguishes these applicants from an applicant who will not depart Canada at the end of their authorized stay if their application for permanent residence is denied.

    While evaluating applications, the officer considers the specific circumstances of the temporary residence applicant o determine the applicant’s intentions, for which the officer may look into numerous factors. 

    These factors include the following while deciding whether to approve a request for temporary residence: 

    • The duration of time the applicant will spend in Canada. 
    • Applicant’s financial means of support 
    • Valid ties to home country and other obligations 
    • the purpose, context and reasons for the applicant’s stay in Canada
    • Submitted information and documents’ credibility 
    • Previous compliance with IRPA and IRPR regulations on temporary residents (visitors, students, and workers), as well as information available in biographic and biometric information sharing

    Evaluating an application with dual intent implications is no different than evaluating any other temporary residence application. Each applicant benefits from a procedurally fair, such as individual evaluation. 

    Before any temporary residence application is approved, the applicant must satisfy the officer that they meet all of the conditions of the IRPA and the IRPR relating to temporary residence.

    If an officer has concerns or doubts about an applicant’s intentions, they inform the applicant and provide them with an opportunity to respond to the officer’s concerns. Similarly, if a temporary resident application is refused, the officer will mention the reason for the refusal in the letter. 



    Applying with your spouse or partner

    When you apply for dual intent with your spouse or partner, the officer considers the sponsored partner’s circumstances. While assessing, the officer considers the following: 

    • whether or not the sponsorship application was approved
    • whether or not the application for permanent residency has been approved at the first stage
    • how much the applicant has maintained ties in their home country
    • what the applicant’s plans are if their application for permanent residence is denied

    Officers may issue a temporary resident visa if the sponsored spouse or partner can satisfy the officer that they will leave Canada after their authorized period of stay and if their permanent residence application is denied. 

    Applying with Grandparents and parents

    Suppose you are a dual intent applicant who applies with their parents and grandparents. In that case, the officer considers the following factors when issuing TRVs, including multiple-entry visas, to parents and grandparents. 

    • have permanent residency applications pending
    • intend to visit but not immigrate to Canada

    The purpose of becoming a permanent resident does not restrict a person from becoming a temporary resident. Officers will typically issue a TRV if a parent or grandparent plans to become a permanent resident in the future and can convince an officer that they will leave Canada after the approved period of stay. 

    Source: IRCC


  • Alberta Foreign Graduate Entrepreneur Stream – Know Full Eligibility

    The Foreign Graduate Entrepreneur Stream is an economic immigration program that nominates talented and eligible foreign-educated graduates from outside Canada for permanent residence in exchange for establishing startup enterprises and innovative businesses in Alberta. 

    The Foreign Graduate Entrepreneur Stream is a great opportunity for interested candidates outside Canada looking for pathways to permanent residency. 

    In this article, you can learn: 

    Overview of the Foreign Graduate Entrepreneur Stream

    The Alberta Advantage Immigration Program (AAIP) and approved designated organizations collaborated to create the Foreign Graduate Entrepreneur Stream.

    Foreign graduates who want to apply for the Foreign Graduate Entrepreneur Stream must work with a designated agency. If the designated agency believes the foreign graduate meets the AAIP requirements, it will provide a letter of recommendation. The foreign graduate must submit a letter of recommendation and Expression of Interest (EOI) via the AAIP Portal.

    The designated agency will evaluate business plans based on the foreign graduate’s ability to demonstrate market need or demand, the potential for successful market entry in the short- to medium-term, customer acquisition, business development, key partnerships, and financial plans to fund the development and operation of the startup. 

    The designated agency will submit a written report evaluating the proposed business plan. Foreign graduates must submit this report with their Foreign Graduate Entrepreneur Stream Business Application.



    Eligibility Criteria for the Foreign Graduate Entrepreneur Stream

    To be eligible for this stream, you must meet the following requirements. 

    Work Experience 

    You must have a minimum of 6 months of full-time work experience. It can include actively managing or running a business or its equivalent. For example, work experience with a business incubator or accelerator is equivalent.

    Educational Requirements 

    • Have completed a post-secondary degree from an institution outside of Canada with an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA).
    • The degree must be:
      • Completed within the last ten years of EOI submission; and 
      • It should be equivalent to a Canadian degree.

    Business Plan 

    To reflect your interest, you must have a business plan with projected financials. Interested applicants should prepare a 10 minutes presentation with only slides outlining the prospective business venture and focus on what an investor would want to see.

    Language Requirements

    As an interested applicant, you must be able to read, write, understand and speak in English or French. The requirements for each are:

    • The minimum Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level for each English language skill is CLB 5
    •  Minimum Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (NCLC) level for each French language skill is NCLC 5
    •  At the time of EOI filing, official test results must be less than two years old 

    The AAIP accepts only the following language tests:

    For English: 

    For French: 

    Business establishment

    Suppose the business is located in an urban area. In that case, it must have a minimum of 34% ownership or a minimum of 51% ownership if it is located in a regional area outside the Calgary and Edmonton Census Metropolitan Areas.

    Business Partners must be either Canadian citizens or permanent residents of Canada. Moreover, the business should not be on the list of ineligible businesses.

    Business investment

    Before coming to Alberta, a minimum investment from the candidate’s (or spouse’s or common-law partner’s) personal equity or a recognized Canadian financial institution, venture capital, or angel investment firm is required. 

    The minimum investment required for an urban centre is $100,000, whereas the minimum investment required for a regional location is $50,000. As a result, more points will be rewarded for higher levels of investment before moving to Alberta. Points are awarded for the metropolitan core or the regional area, but not both.

    Letter of recommendation

    A recommendation letter from an AAIP-approved designated agency is required.

    Settlement funds

    Interested applicants must show that they have the necessary funds to establish their firm and support themselves while on a work permit and launching their startup.

    The minimum settlement funds needed are based on the Low Income Cut-Offs (LICOs)

    The table shows the settlement funds needed based on the number of family members (including yourself) and the population size of the community where you wish to establish your business. 

    The figures in the chart represent the funds required for at least the next six months to settle and support yourself (and your family, if relevant) while starting your business in Alberta.

    Designated Approved Agencies for Foreign Graduate Entrepreneur Stream

    The designated agencies will help you plan and set up your business. The authorized agency’s responsibility is to:

    • Help with the marketing of the Foreign Graduate Entrepreneur Stream
    • Determine a foreign graduate’s entrepreneurial preparedness and the probable success of a startup by reviewing the business idea and assisting with developing a business plan.
    • Choose international graduates to recommend for the AAIP
    • Connect foreign graduates with suitable networks, and provide business counselling, coaching, and advice when starting a firm in Alberta and trying to meet the Business Performance Agreement standards

    Foreign graduates who want to apply to the Foreign Graduate Entrepreneur Stream should contact one of the recognized designated agencies listed below:

    Empowered Startups
    420-744 West Hastings
    Vancouver, British Columbia
    V6C 1A5
    Phone: 604-229-1052
    Fax: 604-229-2037
    Email: info@empoweredstartups.com

    Platform Calgary
    429 8 Avenue SE
    Calgary, Alberta
    T2G 0L6
    Phone: 403-284-6400
    Email: fgsp@platformcalgary.com


  • Saving Time With NEXUS At Canada-U.S. Border-All You Need To Know

    NEXUS is a bi-national program for pre-approved, low-risk travellers entering Canada or the United States (U.S.) at designated air, land, and sea ports of entry. The NEXUS program expedites entry into the United States and Canada for pre-screened travellers.

    Members of the program use specific processing lanes at designated northern border ports of entry, NEXUS kiosks when flying into Canada, and Global Entry kiosks when flying into the United States through Canadian Pre-clearance airports. NEXUS members are also given priority processing at marine reporting points.

    The program allows its members to enter either country more quickly and easily by using automated self-service kiosks in the air, dedicated lanes on the land and calling Telephone Reporting Centres (TRCs) before arrival in the sea.

    In this article, you can learn about the following:

    Updates on the NEXUS program

    While NEXUS and FAST registration centres in Canada are still closed, interviews have resumed in centres in the United States. In addition, the Trusted Traveller portal allows any candidates, including Canadian citizens and Permanent Residents, to schedule interviews at the closest U.S. enrollment centre. 

    However, applications are processing slowly. Check your account on the Trusted Traveller program portal for a status update on your application. To keep your membership benefits when it expires, we advise you to renew your membership.

    The benefits of the Nexus program 

    NEXUS members save time and avoid long lines using computerized self-service kiosks at nine Canadian international airports (NEXUS Air).

    NEXUS members can also bypass airport security screening lanes at 16 Canadian airports while flying domestically, to the United States, or on select international flights. However, Members must show their valid NEXUS card to use the Trusted Traveller CATSA Security Line.

    Here’s how NEXUS members can save time and avoid long lines:

    • Using computerized self-service NEXUS kiosks at nine major international airports to enter Canada and U.S. Global Entry kiosks to enter the U.S.
    • Getting priority clearance through security screening lines at major and select mid-sized Canadian airports;
    • Obtaining expedited clearance through TSA Pre-Check lines at over 200 participating U.S. airports. For additional information, go to NEXUS Air.
    • Taking advantage of a streamlined entry process using dedicated vehicle lanes at 21 designated land border crossings. For further information, check out NEXUS Land.
    • When arriving in Canada by boat, call a Telephone Reporting Centre located at over 450 marine stations around the country. For additional information, visit NEXUS Marine.

    Who is eligible to join the NEXUS program?

    To be eligible to join NEXUS, you must be a Canadian citizen or a Canadian permanent resident. Or a U.S. citizen, U.S. lawful permanent resident or a Mexican national. 

    For you to join NEXUS, your application must be accepted by both Canada and the U.S. Your application will be rejected if you don’t satisfy all requirements. 

    How to join the NEXUS program? 

    To become a member of the NEXUS program, follow the steps below:

    • Utilize the Trusted Travelers Programs (TTP) website;
    • Apply and complete the registration process
    • Pay the non-refundable USD 50 processing fee.
    • Fulfill the qualifying requirements
    • Be admissible to both Canada and the United States; and
    • Pass both countries’ risk assessments.

    If you are applying with your family, each person must submit a separate application to join the NEXUS program. Applicants below the age of 18 years do not need to pay the processing fees. 

    Moreover, parents or legal guardians must complete the application process for applicants under 18 years old. 


  • Express Entry Draw Sent 4,750 New Invites For PR-November 23

    Today, Express Entry Draw invited 4,750 profiles to apply for permanent residency (PR). Applicants having a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score of 491 or above received the invitations.

    CRS cut off score has reduced by only 3 points as compared to Express Entry draw on November 9, 2022. Furthermore, number of invites remained same as in the previous draw. This is the 11th all program Express Entry draw this year.

    Below are the details of new All Program Express Entry draw.

    • Number of invitations issued: 4,750
    • Rank required to be invited to apply: 4,750 or above
    • Date and time of round: November 23, 2022 15:42:46 UTC
    • CRS score of lowest-ranked candidate invited: 491
    • Tie-breaking rule: October 13, 2022 11:22:17 UTC

    All program Express Entry draws include all the the Express Entry profiles under Canadian Experience Class (CEC), Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), and Federal Skilled Trades (FST). Additionally, it also consider profiles under any of the aforementioned categories having a provincial nomination.

    Next Express Entry draw cut off is projected to be around 485 as per CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of November 22, 2022 listed below.



    CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of November 22, 2022

    Express Entry

    Latest processing time for Express Entry as of November 22

    • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) via Express Entry – 14 months
    • Canadian Experience Class – 19 months
    • Federal Skilled Worker Program – 27 months
    • Federal Skilled Trades Program – 49 months

    Full List Of Canada Express Entry Draws In 2022

    DateImmigration programInvitations issuedCRS Score Cut-Off
    November 23, 2022No Program Specified4,750491
    November 9, 2022No Program Specified4,750494
    October 26, 2022No Program Specified4,750496
    October 12, 2022No Program Specified4,250500
    September 28, 2022No Program Specified3,750504
    September 14, 2022No Program Specified3,250510
    August 31, 2022No Program Specified2,750516
    August 17, 2022No Program Specified2,250525
    August 3, 2022No Program Specified2,000533
    July 20, 2022No Program Specified1,750542
    July 6, 2022No Program Specified1,500557
    June 22, 2022Provincial Nominee Program636752
    June 8, 2022Provincial Nominee Program932796
    May 25, 2022Provincial Nominee Program590741
    May 11, 2022Provincial Nominee Program545753
    April 27, 2022Provincial Nominee Program829772
    April 13, 2022Provincial Nominee Program787782
    March 30, 2022Provincial Nominee Program919785
    March 16, 2022Provincial Nominee Program924754
    March 2, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,047761
    February 16, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,082710
    February 2, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,070674
    January 19, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,036745
    January 5, 2022Provincial Nominee Program392808
    Express Entry Draws – 2022

    What is Express Entry?

    Express Entry system is the fastest way to get Canadian Permanent Residency (PR). It has processing time of 6 months after submission of documents following the ITA.

    The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), a points-based methodology, is used by Express Entry to rate applicant profiles. The highest-scoring applicants are given an Invitation to Apply (ITA), after which they can submit an application for permanent residence.

    The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), and the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) all use Express Entry as their application management system (FSTP).

    Candidates for the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) who are in the Express Entry pool are already qualified for at least one of these programmes.


  • Know IRCC New Updated Online Processing Times – November 22

    IRCC updated its online processing tool in early 2022 to provide more precise processing timeframe information. As part of an effort to reform Canada’s immigration system, Immigration Minister Sean Fraser announced this change on March 31, 2022. This article lists the most recent processing times from the IRCC website as of November 16, 2022.

    Canada immigration backlog reduced from 1.49 million as of September 30, 2022 to 1.2 million as of October 31, 2022. This new data has been updated by IRCC today (November 16, 2022). Additionally, 1.04 million applications are still processing within service standards. So, in total, there are now approximately 2.2 million applications under processing at IRCC.

    Processing Times for Citizenship & PR cards

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Citizenship grant24 monthsNo Change
    Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship)16 monthsNo Change
    Resumption of citizenship34 monthsNo Change
    Renunciation of Citizenship17 monthsNo Change
    Search of citizenship records15 monthsNo Change
    New PR card98 days– 9 Days
    PR card renewals89 days– 1 Day

    Processing Time for Family Sponsorship

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Spouse or common-law partner living outside Canada20 monthsNo Change
    Spouse or common-law partner living inside Canada14 monthsNo Change
    Parents or Grandparents PR37 monthsNo Change

    Processing time for Canadian Passport 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted in person at Service Canada Centre – Passport services)10 business daysNo Change
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted by mail to Service Canada Centre)20 business daysNo Change
    In-Canda Urgent pick-upBy the end of next business dayNo Change
    In-Canada Express pick-up2-9 business daysNo Change
    Regular passport application mailed from outside Canada20 daysNo Change

    Processing time for Economic Class

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Canadian Experience Class (CEC) 19 monthsNo Change
    Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) 27 monthsNo Change
    Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)51 months+ 2 Months
    Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) vis Express Entry14 monthsNo Change
    Non-Express Entry PNP22 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Skilled Worker22 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Business Class65 monthsNo Change
    Federal Self-Employed42 monthsNo Change
    Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)14 monthsNo Change
    Start-Up Visa31 monthsNo Change


    Processing Time for Temporary Residence Application 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Visitor visa outside CanadaVaries by country
    India: 163 days
    Nigeria: 189 Days
    United States: 60 Days
    Pakistan: 220 Days
    Philippines: 122 Days
    UAE: 196 Days
    Bangladesh: 119 Days
    Sri Lanka: 215 Days
    United Kingdom: 145 Days
    – 1 Day for India, Nigeria & UK
    – 4 Days for United States
    + 5 Days for Pakistan
    No Change for Philippines
    + 3 Days for UAE
    + 8 Days for Bangladesh
    + 16 Days for Sri Lanka
    Visitor visa inside CanadaOnline: 22 days
    Paper-Based: 45 days
    + 2 Days for online
    No Change for paper-based
    Parents or Grandparents SupervisaVaries by country
    India: 159 days
    Nigeria: 238 Days
    United States: 468 Days
    Pakistan: 246 Days
    Philippines: 182 Days
    UAE: 180 Days
    Bangladesh: 196 Days
    Sri Lanka: 282 Days
    United Kingdom: 178 Days
    + 6 Days for India
    – 2 Days for Nigeria
    + 1 Day for India
    – 79 Days for United States
    – 6 Days for Pakistan
    – 8 Days for Philippines
    + 2 Days for UAE
    – 7 Days for Bangladesh
    – 4 Days for Sri Lanka
    + 2 Days for UK
    Visitor Extension (Visitor Record)Online: 205 days
    Paper-Based: 167 days
    + 1 Days (Online & Paper-Based)
    Study Permit Outside Canada12 WeeksNo Change
    Study Permit Inside Canada4 WeeksNo Change
    Study Permit ExtensionOnline: 69 Days
    Paper-Based: 98 Days
    – 5 Days (Online)
    + 19 Days (Paper-Based
    )
    Work Permit Outside Canada*Varies by country
    India: 13 Weeks
    Nigeria: 32 Weeks
    United States: 14 Weeks
    Pakistan: 58 Weeks
    Philippines: 12 Weeks
    UAE: 32 Weeks
    Bangladesh: 26 Weeks
    Sri Lanka: 31 Weeks
    United Kingdom: 11 Weeks
    – 1 Week for India, Nigeria
    – 7 Weeks
    No Change for Philippines, UK
    + 2 Weeks for UAE & Bangladesh
    + 5 Days for Sri Lanka
    Work Permit Inside CanadaOnline: 168 Days
    Paper-Based: 84 Days
    No Change
    International Experience Canada (Current Season)**6 WeeksNo Change
    Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)5 minutesNo Change

    What Updates Does the Processing Time Include 

    IRCC bases processing time on the time it took to process prior similar applications. The processing period begins when the application is received by IRCC and concludes when the immigration officer makes a decision on the application. Furthermore, the processing time may differ depending on whether the application was filed on paper or online.

    These processing times are designed to offer new weekly timelines from the preceding 6 months’ data. Furthermore, it correlates the application volume with operational issues to assist future immigrants in better planning their journey.

    Source: IRCC

  • India Issues New Travel Guidelines For International Arrivals-Nov 22

    New Travel Guidelines For International Arrivals: The Indian Ministry of Health and Family Welfare issued newly updated guidelines for international arrivals to India effective from November 22, 2022. The new guidelines are in light of declining Covid-19 cases and significant progress in Covid-19 vaccination coverage worldwide and in India.

    Updated guidelines apply to all international travellers entering by air, port or land borders. This article enlists the summary of the new guidelines that come into effect today, and remain valid until further notice. 

    india new travel guidelines

    Summary of updated guidelines for travellers to India

    The guidelines below are divided into three stages: the pre-arrival and planning stage, the guidelines to follow during in-flight travel, and the last on arrival to India. 

    Pre-arrival-when planning to travel to India 

    All travellers should ideally be completely vaccinated under their country’s primary immunization program approved against Covid-19. 

    In-flight travel-while travelling to India

    There will be in-flight announcements about the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and instructions on staying safe throughout the flight and at all ports of entry. Passengers are to continue to take precautionary measures by wearing masks and keeping physical distance to stay safe. 

    In addition, if any passenger exhibits symptoms of Covid-19 while travelling may be separated under the established protocol. It requires wearing a mask, isolation and segregation from other passengers during flight travel, and transfer to an isolation centre for further care. 

    On arrival in India 

    While de-boarding, the passengers must maintain physical distancing. Health officials at the port of entry may check all passengers for thermal screening. Moreover, if a passenger shows symptoms during their screening, they shall be isolated immediately and taken to a designated medical facility as required by health protocol. 

    Lastly, all passengers should self-monitor their health after arrival. Then, in case of symptoms, they can contact their nearest health facility or call the national helpline number 1075 or the state helpline number.  

    We will continue to monitor and share any updates and developments regarding the new or updated travel guidelines for international travellers to India. 




  • CBSA Tips For Easy Travel Between Canada-U.S. This Thanksgiving

    With the United States Thanksgiving approaching this week, on Thursday followed by Black Friday sale, many Canadian will travel to U.S. Passport Canada recently announced that Canadian citizens aged 15 years and below could cross the U.S. border by land or sea without their passports. 

    However, they do need to have one of the following documents if they do not have a valid pass passport:

    • Original birth certificate or copies 
    • Canadian citizenship certificate 

    If you plan to travel to the United States, whether to celebrate thanksgiving or the Black Friday sale, below are CBSA tips on border cross and information on how to return to Canada. 

    Travelling to the United States

    The ability to travel without a passport is only for minors aged 15 years or under who are Canadian citizens. Others who wish to travel to the United States need proper identification documents. 

    If you are planning to travel to the U.S., make sure you have valid identification with you and any minors or children who may be travelling with you. At the border, you must be able to prove that you have the legal right or authorization to enter Canada.



    CBSA Advice on U.S. border crossing 

    The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) cautions all travellers, whether they are going to or coming from the U.S. for Thanksgiving and Black Friday, what to expect when they cross the border.

    During the upcoming U.S. Thanksgiving holiday and Black Friday, The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) provided the following advice for travellers for an easy border crossing experience. 

    • Plan ahead of time and research border wait times. Land travellers are recommended to cross the border at non-peak hours, such as early morning. Mondays after holiday long weekends are typically the busiest, with longer border wait times.
    • Use the CBSA Advance Declaration. Travellers travelling at Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal, Winnipeg, and Halifax international airports can use the ArriveCAN Advance CBSA Declaration option to submit their customs and immigration declaration to the CBSA before their arrival and save time at the border.
    • Check that you are eligible to enter Canada. Foreign nationals must comply with the provisions of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and Regulations and carry all essential travel and immigration papers. At the time of entrance, a border services officer decides on your admissibility.
    • Understand your exemption limitations. Returning residents who plan to make or pick up online purchases should know their personal exemption limits. Check out the CBSA duty and tax estimator to assess taxes on goods purchased in the U.S. and to help you make educated decisions when shopping overseas.
    • Prepare to declare. All travellers must declare their products upon entering Canada. It is recommended that gifts not be wrapped if travelling with them. Returning residents should save any receipts for things purchased or received while outside of Canada on hand. Travellers can examine the CBSA’s website for information on firearms and other restricted items.
    • Don’t enter with cannabis or cross the border with it. Despite cannabis being legal in Canada, it is still a serious crime to transport cannabis across the border in any form, including oils that contain THC or CBD, without a permit or other authorization from Health Canada. Offenders who do so risk being arrested and prosecuted. Moreover, Health Canada authorization does not include a doctor’s prescription.
    • Declare all foods, plants, and animals at the border, including raw meats, fruits, house plants, live animals, and wood products (including firewood and wooden souvenirs). Check the Automated Import Reference System for specific import requirements.
    • Importing raw poultry products or byproducts should be avoided. Imports of live birds, bird products, and byproducts from states affected by Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza are currently restricted. Therefore, it is not suggested that you import poultry items into Canada, including turkey, eggs, and chicken. Otherwise, be ready to demonstrate the origin of your poultry product at the border.
    • It is advised that when travelling with children, the accompanying adult has a consent letter authorizing them to travel with the youngster. Border officials are constantly on the lookout for missing children. In the absence of a letter, officers may ask additional questions to help determine the child’s relationship with the accompanying adult.

    Acceptable identifying and citizenship documents for returning to Canada 

    Travellers must demonstrate their eligibility for admission into Canada to a CBSA border services officer (BSO) when they arrive at a Canadian port of entry. It may be done through interrogation and the verification of documents a: For Canadian citizens, permanent residents, and people registered under the Indian Act:

    • A valid Canadian passport
    • Canadian birth certificate (original or copies)
    • permanent residence card 
    • citizenship card 
    • Secure Certificate of Indian Status (SCIS) card or valid Certificate of Indian Status (CIS) card

    Returning To Canada without a passport 

    If you are travelling to or from Canada without a passport, the following documents can serve as proof of identity and citizenship:

    • When entering Canada by air (when coming from the United States), land, or sea, a Canadian citizen must provide a NEXUS card.
    • FAST card (Free and Secure Trade) provided to a Canadian citizen (when arriving by land or marine modes only)
    • An emergency travel document for Canadians
    • Temporary Canadian Passport
    • Canadian citizenship certificate (issued from 1954 to present)
    • Enhanced driver’s license issued by a province or territory in Canada
    • A province or territory of Canada issues an enhanced identification/photo card.

  • Understanding New Changes To Express Entry With Bill C19 – All You Need To Know

    As Bill C-19 receives royal assent, the Express Entry system will undergo several amendments. These new amendments will bring changes to the Comprehensive Ranking System used to evaluate and rank individuals in the pool.  

    Express Entry includes all major economic immigration categories, such as the Canadian Experience Class, the Federal Skilled Worker Program, the Federal Skilled Trades Program, and a component of the Provincial Nominee Program, which will experience changes under Bill C-19 in 2023.  

    Another impact would be on the expression of interest that selects top-ranking candidates through regularly released Ministry instructions. These candidates are later invited to complete an immigration application.  

    To help you prepare for the new changes, below is the summary of amendments in Bill C-19 to the Express Entry system and fee waiver for some IRCC applications. 



    Summary of Bill C-19 Amendments To Express Entry

    Express Entry Selection based on new groups and categories 

    The new amendment will include ministerial instructions to bring additional filters to the Express Entry pool based on groups and categories rather than only immigration class. The ministerial instructions serve as the foundation for the rounds of invites.

    Express Entry ITAs to specify the stream in which the applicant must apply

    Another amendment is to create new categories with eligibility requirements for the purpose of ranking. Wherein if a foreign national qualifies for more than one class, the invitation to apply for permanent residence should specify the stream in which the applicant must apply. 

    Minister to specify an economic goal with each category 

    The new amendment also requires the Minister to specify in the instruction the economic goal that the newly established category will support. 

    Applicants who have lost points due to age can receive a permanent resident visa 

    The amendment establishes exclusions that allow Express Entry permanent residence visas to be given to candidates who have received an invitation to apply but would otherwise have lost eligibility due to changes in their circumstances. 

    For example, suppose an applicant has aged and lost points or lost qualification but has maintained a score equal to the minimum required to rank in the invitation round. In that case, they may be awarded a visa or other documents. 

    Minister’s report to include established category for foreign nationals

    The amendment adds that the Minister’s annual report to Parliament must include instructions to establish any category for foreign nationals in Express Entry. These instructions should include the economic goal it supports and the number of invitations issued under this category. 

    More details on Bill C-19 will be revealed, along with the new exact categories, its eligibility criteria in coming months.

    Changes Under Bill C-19 For Fees Of Some Applications

    The Canada Gazette typically outlines regulations and publishes immigration fees. However, for any changes in immigration fees, they need to go through regulatory impact analysis and have stakeholder input before implementation.  

    Moreover, processing applications for a temporary resident visa, a permanent resident visa, a work permit, a study permit, an extension of an authorization to remain in Canada as a temporary resident, and an authorization to stay 59 Bill C-19 in Canada as a permanent resident are already exempt from the Service Fees Act.

    Other fees for services, such as those associated with processing applications based on humanitarian and compassionate considerations, are exempt. These include applications submitted under public policy, services to obtain travel documents for permanent residents, including permanent resident cards, and services associated with the processing of applications to sponsor members of the family class.

    With Bill C-19, the following new service fees would become exempt:

    • Authorization for a permanent resident to return to Canada;
    • Rehabilitation for determining criminality and serious criminality 
    • Temporary status restoration and 
    • Temporary resident permits

  • Canada Work Culture – Know How To Adapt As A Newcomer!

    As a newcomer to Canada, it is common to face challenges in adapting to a new culture. Most immigrants bring valuable knowledge and skills to the Canadian market. But they are hesitant in applying to jobs. So, if you are new to Canada and are facing challenges in starting or advancing your career, don’t worry we have got you covered. 

    Often these challenges are because you might be unaware of the differences between the work environment in your home country and in Canada. This can be in regard to networking, communication, feedback, and so on.

    As a newcomer, it is important to familiarize yourself with the Canadian work culture. This will not only help you to work well in a team but will also help you grow your career. Also, this helps avoid any misunderstanding. 

    So, take some time and adopt these tips to adapt to the Canadian work culture:

    1. Focus on your Soft Skills

    The Canadian work culture focuses a lot on your soft skills. Having soft skills means being able to work in a team, being flexible, and having good time management practices. Also, it is important that you have a positive attitude. Always take initiative in your team. Canadian work culture often values these skills more than your “hard skills”. 

    2. Small talks

    Small talks is integral to Canadian culture. This applies to your workplace as well. So, always indulge in small talk in your meetings. It helps you know other people and understand any common interests that you may have. Some common topics for small talk could be weather, sports, or movies.


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    3. Punctuality

    Canadians value punctuality and time management a lot. Most people here don’t wait for more than 15 minutes if you’re late. It is considered disrespectful to keep people waiting. However, if you are running late, always send people a message. Let them know when they should expect you.

    If you are late to work regularly, you might be perceived as unprofessional. Also, it raises concerns about your time management skills Most workplaces have policies around punctuality and attendance. Make sure to follow them. By doing so, you can advance in the company.

    4. Equality

    Canadian workplaces pay a lot of emphasis on equality. People here are treated equally and fairly. People’s designation doesn’t determine respect. Even if you are an intern, you will be included in meetings and asked to share your views. Canadian workplaces are very diverse. Discrimination on the basis of age, gender, sexual orientation, or race is illegal. So, it is very important for you to appreciate and respect diversity and cultural differences. 

    5. Understand the non-verbal cues

    It is very important for you to understand the non-Verbal and subtle Cues in your workplace. You should try to learn and adopt these. A few examples of these are- maintaining eye contact during a conversation. This shows that you are interested in the conversation. Avoiding eye contact comes across as being untrustworthy, or having low self-confidence. Say good morning and goodbye at the end of the workday. These small gestures can go a long way.