manitoba pnp

Manitoba PNP: In-Demand Occupations With New TEER Codes


Manitoba PNP (Provincial Nominee Program) has provided an update regarding implementation of new TEER system. November 16 onward, MPNP is now only accepting Expression of Interest (EOI) profiles using new NOC 2021.

As per MPNP notice, they will conduct an Expression of Interest draw for profiles using NOC 2021 today (November 17, 2022). Expression of Interest profile by November 16, 2022 at 11:59 p.m. CST will be considered for today’s draw.

143 In-Demand Occupations With New NOC 2021 for Manitoba PNP

  • Manitoba PNP Categories:
    • SWO – Skilled Worker Overseas
    • SWM – Skilled Workers in Manitoba
    • IES – International Education Stream

1. Business, finance and administration occupations

CODE (NOC 2021)OCCUPATION TITLE (NOC 2016)TEER (NOC 2021)MPNP Category
10010Financial managers0SWO, SWM, IES
10011 11200 13110 22232Human resources managers0/1/2/3SWO, SWM, IES
10019Other administrative services managers0SWM, IES
10020Insurance, real estate and financial brokerage managers0SWO, SWM, IES
10021Banking, credit and other investment managers0SWO, SWM, IES
10022Advertising, marketing and public relations managers0SWO, SWM, IES
11100Financial auditors and accountants1SWO, SWM, IES
11101Financial and investment analysts1SWO, SWM, IES
11100 11102 11109Other financial officers1SWO, SWM, IES
11200Human resources professionals1SWO, SWM, IES
11201Professional occupations in business management consulting1SWO, SWM, IES
10022 11202 64409Professional occupations in advertising, marketing and public relations0/1/4SWO, SWM, IES
12011Supervisors, finance and insurance office workers2SWO, SWM, IES
12013 13201 74202Supervisors, supply chain, tracking and scheduling coordination occupations2/3/4SWO, SWM, IES
13100Administrative officers3SWM, IES
12101Human resources and recruitment officers2SWO, SWM, IES
13101Property administrators3SWO, SWM, IES
13110Administrative assistants3SWM, IES
13111Legal administrative assistants3SWO, SWM, IES
12110Court reporters, medical transcriptionists and related occupations2SWO, SWM, IES
12200Accounting technicians and bookkeepers2SWO, SWM, IES

2. Natural and applied sciences and related occupations

CODE (NOC 2021)OCCUPATION TITLE (NOC 2016)TEER (NOC 2021)MPNP Category
20010Engineering managers0SWO, SWM, IES
20011Architecture and science managers0SWO, SWM, IES
20012Computer and information systems managers0SWO, SWM, IES
21110Biologists and related scientists1SWO, SWM, IES
21112Agricultural representatives, consultants and specialists1SWO, SWM, IES
21300Civil engineers1SWO, SWM, IES
21301Mechanical engineers1SWO, SWM, IES
21310Electrical and electronics engineers1SWO, SWM, IES
21321Industrial and manufacturing engineers1SWO, SWM, IES
21311Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)1SWO, SWM, IES
21200Architects1SWO, SWM, IES
21203Land surveyors1SWO, SWM, IES
21210Mathematicians, statisticians and actuaries1SWO, SWM, IES
21211 21220 21221 21222 21233Information systems analysts and consultants1SWO, SWM, IES
21211 21223Database analysts and data administrators1SWO, SWM, IES
21211 21231Software engineers and designers1SWO, SWM, IES
21230 21232 21234Computer programmers and interactive media developers1SWO, SWM, IES
21233 21234Web designers and developers1SWO, SWM, IES
22100Chemical technologists and technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
22101Geological and mineral technologists and technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
22110Biological technologists and technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
22111Agricultural and fish products inspectors2SWO, SWM, IES
22300Civil engineering technologists and technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
22301Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
22302Industrial engineering and manufacturing technologists and technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
22303Construction estimators2SWO, SWM, IES
22310Electrical and electronics engineering technologists and technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
22311Electronic service technicians (household and business equipment)2SWO, SWM, IES
22313Aircraft instrument, electrical and avionics mechanics, technicians and inspectors2SWO, SWM, IES
22212Drafting technologists and technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
72600Air pilots, flight engineers and flying instructors2SWO, SWM, IES
22220Computer network technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
22221User support technicians2SWO, SWM, IES

3. Health Occupations

CODE (NOC 2021)OCCUPATION TITLE (NOC 2016)TEER (NOC 2021)MPNP Category
30010Managers in health care0SWM, IES
31120Pharmacists1SWO, SWM, IES
31121Dietitians and nutritionists1SWO, SWM, IES
31112Audiologists and speech-language pathologists1SWO, SWM, IES
31202 32109Physiotherapists1/2SWO, SWM, IES
31203Occupational therapists1SWO, SWM, IES
32120Medical laboratory technologists2SWO, SWM, IES
31303 32120 33101Medical laboratory technicians and pathologists’ assistants1/2/3SWO, SWM, IES
32104Animal health technologists and veterinary technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
32103Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists2SWO, SWM, IES
32121Medical radiation technologists2SWO, SWM, IES
32124 32129 33103Other medical technologists and technicians (except dental health)2/3SWO, SWM, IES
32111Dental hygienists and dental therapists2SWO, SWM, IES
32201Massage therapists2SWO, SWM, IES

4. Occupations in social science, education, government service and religion

CODE (NOC 2021)OCCUPATION TITLE (NOC 2016)TEER (NOC 2021)MPNP Category
40030Managers in social, community and correctional services0SWO, SWM, IES
41101Lawyers and Quebec notaries1SWO, SWM, IES
31200 41301Psychologists1SWO, SWM, IES
41300Social workers1SWO, SWM, IES
31303 41301 41321Family, marriage and other related counsellors1SWO, SWM, IES
41400Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers1SWO, SWM, IES
11202 41402Business development officers and marketing researchers and consultants1SWO, SWM, IES
41403Social policy researchers, consultants and program officers1SWO, SWM, IES
21110 41310 41404Health policy researchers, consultants and program officers1SWO, SWM, IES
41405Education policy researchers, consultants and program officers1SWO, SWM, IES
41406Recreation, sports and fitness policy researchers, consultants and program officers1SWO, SWM, IES
41407Program officers unique to government1SWO, SWM, IES
42200Paralegal and related occupations2SWO, SWM, IES
42201Social and community service workers2SWO, SWM, IES
42202Early childhood educators and assistants2SWO, SWM, IES
42203Instructors of persons with disabilities2SWO, SWM, IES

5. Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport

CODE (NOC 2021)OCCUPATION TITLE (NOC 2016)TEER (NOC 2021)MPNP Category
50012Recreation, sports and fitness program and service directors0SWO, SWM, IES
51120Producers, directors, choreographers and related occupations1SWO, SWM, IES
52113Audio and video recording technicians2SWO, SWM, IES
52120Graphic designers and illustrators2SWO, SWM, IES
52121Interior designers and interior decorators2SWO, SWM, IES
53123 62010 64100Theatre, fashion, exhibit and other creative designers2/3/4SWO, SWM, IES
54100Program leaders and instructors in recreation, sport and fitness4SWO, SWM, IES

6. Sales and service occupations

CODE (NOC 2021)OCCUPATION TITLE (NOC 2016)TEER (NOC 2021)MPNP Category
60010Corporate sales managers0SWM, IES
60020Retail and wholesale trade managers0SWM, IES
60040Managers in customer and personal services, n.e.c.0SWM, IES
62100 70012 75101Technical sales specialists – wholesale trade0/2/5SWO, SWM, IES
62101Retail and wholesale buyers2SWO, SWM, IES
63101Real estate agents and salespersons3SWO, SWM, IES
63102Financial sales representatives3SWO, SWM, IES
62020Food service supervisors2SWO, SWM, IES
63200Cooks3SWO, SWM, IES
63202Bakers3SWO, SWM, IES

7. Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations

CODE (NOC 2021)OCCUPATION TITLE (NOC 2016)TEER (NOC 2021)MPNP Category
70010Construction managers0SWO, SWM, IES
70011Home building and renovation managers0SWO, SWM, IES
70012Facility operation and maintenance managers0SWO, SWM, IES
70020Managers in transportation0SWO, SWM, IES
72100Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors2SWO, SWM, IES
72101Tool and die makers2SWO, SWM, IES
72102Sheet metal workers2SWO, SWM, IES
72106Welders and related machine operators2SWO, SWM, IES
72200Electricians (except industrial and power system)2SWO, SWM, IES
72201Industrial electricians2SWO, SWM, IES
72203Electrical power line and cable workers2SWO, SWM, IES
72204Telecommunications line and cable workers2SWO, SWM, IES
72205Telecommunications installation and repair workers2SWO, SWM, IES
72300Plumbers2SWO, SWM, IES
72310Carpenters2SWO, SWM, IES
73100Concrete finishers3SWO, SWM, IES
73102Plasterers, drywall installers and finishers and lathers3SWO, SWM, IES
73112Painters and decorators (except interior decorators)3SWO, SWM, IES
73113Floor covering installers3SWO, SWM, IES
72400Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics2SWO, SWM, IES
72401Heavy-duty equipment mechanics2SWO, SWM, IES
72402Heating, refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics2SWO, SWM, IES
72404Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors2SWO, SWM, IES
72405Machine fitters2SWO, SWM, IES
72410Automotive service technicians, truck and bus mechanics and mechanical repairers2SWO, SWM, IES
72411Motor vehicle body repairers2SWO, SWM, IES
73310Railway and yard locomotive engineers3SWO, SWM, IES
73311Railway conductors and brakemen/women3SWO, SWM, IES
72500 75110Crane operators2/5SWO, SWM, IES

8. Occupations unique to primary industry, processing, manufacturing and utilities

CODE (NOC 2021)OCCUPATION TITLE (NOC 2016)TEER (NOC 2021)MPNP Category
80020Managers in agriculture0SWO, SWM, IES
90010Manufacturing managers0SWO, SWM, IES
90011Utilities managers0SWO, SWM, IES
92100Power engineers and power systems operators2SWO, SWM, IES

9. Rural in-demand occupations

CODE (NOC 2021)OCCUPATION TITLE (NOC 2016)TEER (NOC 2021)MPNP Category
33102Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates3IES
94141Industrial butchers and meat cutters, poultry preparers and related workers4IES

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  • Recommendations To Improve Canada Immigration Made By CIMM

    The Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration (CIMM) released a report, Promoting Fairness in Canada Immigration Decisions, where the Committee investigated visa outcomes in the immigration system. Upon examination, they found the system systematically and unjustifiably disfavours particular groups based on race and country of origin.

    As a result, the Committee makes wide-ranging suggestions to improve the immigration system, which consistently disadvantages some groups depending on race and country of origin.

    After hearing from several immigration advocates, lawyers, and settlement agency staff, the House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration decided to examine the immigration system. 



    CIMM’s Key recommendations for the immigration system 

    IRCC will share their response to the CIMM report and recommendations in a few months. Meanwhile, below are the key recommendations:

    • Visa officers should record applicant interviews to prevent miscommunication.
    • Ottawa should expand the extraordinary measures already available to Ukrainians, such as the provision allowing for the sponsorship of extended family members to people from other nations and regions experiencing humanitarian crises.
    • The Canadian government should establish a separate monitoring body responsible for the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), whose mandate should include dealing with racism and complaints concerning the agency. 
    • Immediate implementation of an Anti-Racism Quality Assurance process for decisions made by visa officers to investigate the impact of individual bias and systemic racism on decisions and refusal rates at visa offices
    • Requesting that Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) dedicate more resources to process caregiver permanent residency applications from all streams faster. 

    As per IRCC, they train all officers to assess all applications equally and use the same criteria regardless of their country of origin. With the upcoming reports, they are looking to examine the impact on racialized applicants and minority community members. 

    CIMM highlights longer wait times in application processing 

    According to the Committee’s information, waiting for durations for various refugee groups may differ depending on shifting government priorities and quotas.

    A non-denominational charitable group called Remember Ministries’ executive director, Jennifer Miedema informed the Committee that fund allocation tells you where priorities are placed or who are the favoured demographics.

    Miedema says that “the uneven distribution of delays equals the uneven distribution of suffering,” adding that even holding out hope for final resettlement could be harmful over a prolonged period of waiting and delay.

    Further, she explains the impact on refugees, as their hopes are raised when they submit their applications, but they need to wait for a year or two without any response. As a result, it has a heavy impact on their mental health. 

    According to the Parliamentary Committee, the government should raise the overall number of refugees it welcomes to Canada during a crisis rather than backtrack on or delay receiving those whose applications are currently on hold. 

    They also want a complete racial equity assessment of Canada’s immigration and refugee system and to allocate more resources to process and give priority to privately sponsored refugees. 

    An increasing number of federal appeals 

    The number of people requesting federal appeals to become new Canadians has increased seven times in the last three years. 

    The court system is becoming overburdened with these judicial requests to contest allegedly unjust decisions made by visa officers and procedural delays. These applications are a judicial remedy in the immigration context that compels the IRCC to carry out a public legal obligation owed to an applicant.

    The recording of candidate interviews has been recommended as a potential solution to help with court-ordered redeterminations of unsuccessful applications. According to Vancouver-based immigration lawyer Victor Ing, IRCC needs to be more transparent and honest with clients to avoid more mandamus applications.

    Next, the Committee highlighted the increased wait times in the caregiver program. 

    The caregiver Program has the longest wait times

    The Live-in Caregiver Program saw some of the longest wait times before and after the pandemic. For example, the average time to process caregiver visas in 2020 was about 57 months and two days. While in 2021, the wait time was 68 months plus one day to process applications. 

    As a result, 15,621 applications were pending or anticipated to be pending in the Home Child-Care Provider Pilot backlog as of December 31, 2021. In addition, there were 1,639 more applications in the Live-in Care Program’s database.

    Arlene Ruiz, a licensed and regulated immigration consultant and a recruiter from Alexene Immigration & Employment Services, informed the Committee that many caregivers are from the Philippines. For them, the delays in application processing cause breakdowns in their marriages and children growing out of their dependent status. 

    Immigration attorney Steven Meurrens also mentions that the IRCC lacks transparency, which adds to the problem. For example, the processing times mentioned on IRCC are inaccurate. Further, the Access to Information Act shows that there have been no caregiver files processed since 2019.

    Following this month’s announcement by the federal Minister of Immigration, Sean Fraser, that Canada aims to settle 500,000 new immigrants by 2025, a new report by the Parliament has been released.

    The announcement comes after a record-breaking year for immigration to Canada in 2021, when more than 405,000 people arrived. The nation is also dealing with an unprecedented backlog of visa applications, with 2.2 million being processed by IRCC as of this month.

    Source: CIMM Report


  • Know Latest Average Weekly Earnings In Canada & All The Provinces

    On November 24, 2022 – Statistics Canada released September 2022 data for average weekly earnings in Canada and all provinces. Due to administrative steps that lead to the collection and compilation of data from our widely dispersed Canada, this data is typically delayed by two months.

    In September 2022, the number of employees receiving pay or benefits from their employer increased by 85,300 (+0.5%), according to the Survey of Employment, Payrolls, and Hours. Average weekly earnings in Canada is at $1,175.37, an increase of 3.5% year-on-year.

    Overall, the payroll employment were largest in Quebec (+39,100; +1.0%), Ontario (+15,300; +0.2%), British Columbia (+10,500; +0.4%) and Alberta (+10,400; +0.5%). The only province to see a decrease in payroll employment was Newfoundland and Labrador (-900; -0.4%).

    Overall, average weekly earnings increased by 3.5% year on year in September 2022, slightly higher than the 3.2% increase in August. Below are the province-wise and industry-wise weekly earnings as per Statistics Canada.

    Industry-Wise Weekly Earnings in Canada (Including overtime) – September 2022

    IndustryAverage Weekly Earnings
    Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction2304.44
    Utilities1927.56
    Finance and insurance1724.12
    Professional, scientific and technical services1639.86
    Information and cultural industries1621.54
    Public administration1532.19
    Management of companies and enterprises1493.67
    Construction1456.61
    Forestry, logging and support1411.59
    Wholesale trade1399.45
    Manufacturing1248.50
    Transportation and warehousing1226.55
    Real estate and rental and leasing1204.10
    Sector aggregate1175.37
    Educational services1145.01
    Health care and social assistance1016.67
    Other services (excluding public administration)981.10
    Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services952.89
    Arts, entertainment and recreation729.04
    Retail trade704.73
    Accommodation and food services468.30


    Province-Wise Weekly Earnings in Canada

    GeographyWeekly Earnings Sep 2022Weekly Earnings Aug 2022
    Nunavut$1593.33$1559.50
    Northwest Territories$1560.30$1552.27
    Yukon$1334.02$1348.75
    Alberta$1266.05$1257.16
    Ontario$1206.70$1198.79
    British Columbia$1175.98$1170.23
    Newfoundland and Labrador$1159.31$1145.71
    Saskatchewan$1155.70$1143.55
    Quebec$1118.25$1120.40
    New Brunswick$1082.99$1066.62
    Manitoba$1066.67$1070.27
    Nova Scotia$1020.83$1027.02
    Prince Edward Island$985.73$975.54

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Which Canadian province has the highest average weekly earnings?

    Nunavut has the highest weekly earnings at $1593.33 followed by Northwest Territories at $1560.30 and Yukon at $1334.02. However, these provinces have very low population being in the northern Canada.

    Alberta has the average weekly earnings of $1266.05 among the major Canadian provinces followed by Ontario at $1206.70 and British Columbia at $1175.98.

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Canada?

    Canada has the average weekly earnings of $1,175.37 as per latest data by Statistics Canada released on November 24, 2022.

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Ontario and British Columbia?

    Ontario has the average weekly earnings of $1206.70, while British Columbia has average weekly earnings at $1175.98

    How much is the average weekly earnings in Quebec?

    Quebec has an average weekly earnings of $1118.25

    Source: Statistics Canada


  • IRCC Testing New Automation Tools To Improve Processing

    IRCC is implementing tools to help process applications more efficiently as more people apply for IRCC programs. With these tools, IRCC will be using the technology to aid, support, and inform IRCC decision-makers, but not replace them. 

    However, IRCC staff will continue to play an essential role in IRCC’s decision-making processes. The new tools are to automate certain tasks and activities, such as using systems to sort applications so their staff and decision-makers can dedicate more time to complex applications, issues, and final judgments.

    For applicants to have digital transparency and better understand the tools used by IRCC, below is how IRCC states that they use automation and advanced data analytics to process applications.

    Use of Advanced data analytics by IRCC to sort and organize

    With advanced data analytics tools, IRCC uses these tools to sort and expedite applications for temporary residence visa applications submitted from outside Canada. 

    IRCC has also begun a pilot program to use similar technology to speed up the processing of Canadian applications for spousal and common-law partner sponsorship. Modern data analytics solutions can identify patterns to speed up the job and provide better information to decision-makers.

    Additionally, advanced analytics help officers identify routine applications for quicker processing, such as certain applicants who have already received approval to travel to Canada within the last ten years. With this procedure, IRCC can manage their workload better and help applicants receive decisions on their applications sooner. 

    However, it is important to note that using advanced data analytics only determines if an applicant is eligible. For example, when an applicant is considered for streamlined processing, advanced data analytics will help determine if the applicant is eligible before their file is passed to an officer. Then the officer screens for admissibility, including security and criminality. 

    IRCC officers being highly trained will continue to:

    • Conduct background checks on all applicants for security and criminal records 
    • be responsible for the final decision

    Moreover, applications that are not considered routine are prioritized and sent to officers for standard manual processing. It is only the officer who always has the final say on applications.

    As per IRCC, their system never refuse or recommend rejecting applications. According to the department, only an officer makes the decision of refusing an immigration/visa application. 

    In addition, IRCC will routinely examine the system to ensure that they are operating as planned and that the outcomes align with applications that have undergone thorough human assessment. Before extending advanced data analytics to new fields, IRCC will evaluate its performance.



    Responsible technological development

    Before implementing any future technology, IRCC will be investigating its use and evaluate the need for that service, including its benefits and impacts on clients. 

    A team of experts, including decision-makers, will be involved in developing and using future advanced data analytics tools at IRCC, including a comprehensive examination for bias and discriminatory implications.

    Personal information protection

    IRCC designed complex data analytics technologies using information from previous clients’ apps. Other IRCC systems will be designed in the same manner. 

    If you are currently applying to an IRCC program or have previously applied, the information in your application and additional information gathered to support your application may be used by IRCC to create an advanced data analytics system within IRCC. 

    IRCC may use these analytics technologies to assist in processing applications and decision-making in line with the Privacy Act, the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.

    The advanced data analytics systems exclusively use personal information that is relevant and required for the application process, including information provided by our law enforcement partners in compliance with established information-sharing agreements. However, the systems do not use data from social media channels.

    As IRCC extends complex data analytics, privacy will remain a top consideration. Accordingly, IRCC continues to take its personal information privacy obligations seriously and to observe and respect Canada’s Privacy Act and related directives and regulations. 

    Source: IRCC


  • Dual Intent Canada Immigration Applications-All You Need To Know

    When a foreign national seeks to enter Canada temporarily as a visitor, student or worker while concurrently applying for permanent residency in Canada, they have dual intent.

    While it is legal to have two intents, one for temporary residency and one for permanent residence, the applicant must satisfy both requirements. 

    The possibility that a temporary resident applicant may be approved for permanent residence in the future does not exempt the individual from meeting the requirements of a temporary resident. In particular, the requirement to leave Canada at the end of the period authorized for their stay. 

    How do officers evaluate dual intent applications? 

    While evaluating dual intent applications, the office assesses if a temporary residence applicant genuinely intends to fulfill their obligations as a temporary resident—to depart Canada at the end of their period of authorization. 

    Accordingly, the officer distinguishes these applicants from an applicant who will not depart Canada at the end of their authorized stay if their application for permanent residence is denied.

    While evaluating applications, the officer considers the specific circumstances of the temporary residence applicant o determine the applicant’s intentions, for which the officer may look into numerous factors. 

    These factors include the following while deciding whether to approve a request for temporary residence: 

    • The duration of time the applicant will spend in Canada. 
    • Applicant’s financial means of support 
    • Valid ties to home country and other obligations 
    • the purpose, context and reasons for the applicant’s stay in Canada
    • Submitted information and documents’ credibility 
    • Previous compliance with IRPA and IRPR regulations on temporary residents (visitors, students, and workers), as well as information available in biographic and biometric information sharing

    Evaluating an application with dual intent implications is no different than evaluating any other temporary residence application. Each applicant benefits from a procedurally fair, such as individual evaluation. 

    Before any temporary residence application is approved, the applicant must satisfy the officer that they meet all of the conditions of the IRPA and the IRPR relating to temporary residence.

    If an officer has concerns or doubts about an applicant’s intentions, they inform the applicant and provide them with an opportunity to respond to the officer’s concerns. Similarly, if a temporary resident application is refused, the officer will mention the reason for the refusal in the letter. 



    Applying with your spouse or partner

    When you apply for dual intent with your spouse or partner, the officer considers the sponsored partner’s circumstances. While assessing, the officer considers the following: 

    • whether or not the sponsorship application was approved
    • whether or not the application for permanent residency has been approved at the first stage
    • how much the applicant has maintained ties in their home country
    • what the applicant’s plans are if their application for permanent residence is denied

    Officers may issue a temporary resident visa if the sponsored spouse or partner can satisfy the officer that they will leave Canada after their authorized period of stay and if their permanent residence application is denied. 

    Applying with Grandparents and parents

    Suppose you are a dual intent applicant who applies with their parents and grandparents. In that case, the officer considers the following factors when issuing TRVs, including multiple-entry visas, to parents and grandparents. 

    • have permanent residency applications pending
    • intend to visit but not immigrate to Canada

    The purpose of becoming a permanent resident does not restrict a person from becoming a temporary resident. Officers will typically issue a TRV if a parent or grandparent plans to become a permanent resident in the future and can convince an officer that they will leave Canada after the approved period of stay. 

    Source: IRCC


  • Know IRCC New Updated Online Processing Times – November 22

    IRCC updated its online processing tool in early 2022 to provide more precise processing timeframe information. As part of an effort to reform Canada’s immigration system, Immigration Minister Sean Fraser announced this change on March 31, 2022. This article lists the most recent processing times from the IRCC website as of November 16, 2022.

    Canada immigration backlog reduced from 1.49 million as of September 30, 2022 to 1.2 million as of October 31, 2022. This new data has been updated by IRCC today (November 16, 2022). Additionally, 1.04 million applications are still processing within service standards. So, in total, there are now approximately 2.2 million applications under processing at IRCC.

    Processing Times for Citizenship & PR cards

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Citizenship grant24 monthsNo Change
    Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship)16 monthsNo Change
    Resumption of citizenship34 monthsNo Change
    Renunciation of Citizenship17 monthsNo Change
    Search of citizenship records15 monthsNo Change
    New PR card98 days– 9 Days
    PR card renewals89 days– 1 Day

    Processing Time for Family Sponsorship

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Spouse or common-law partner living outside Canada20 monthsNo Change
    Spouse or common-law partner living inside Canada14 monthsNo Change
    Parents or Grandparents PR37 monthsNo Change

    Processing time for Canadian Passport 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted in person at Service Canada Centre – Passport services)10 business daysNo Change
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted by mail to Service Canada Centre)20 business daysNo Change
    In-Canda Urgent pick-upBy the end of next business dayNo Change
    In-Canada Express pick-up2-9 business daysNo Change
    Regular passport application mailed from outside Canada20 daysNo Change

    Processing time for Economic Class

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Canadian Experience Class (CEC) 19 monthsNo Change
    Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) 27 monthsNo Change
    Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)51 months+ 2 Months
    Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) vis Express Entry14 monthsNo Change
    Non-Express Entry PNP22 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Skilled Worker22 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Business Class65 monthsNo Change
    Federal Self-Employed42 monthsNo Change
    Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)14 monthsNo Change
    Start-Up Visa31 monthsNo Change


    Processing Time for Temporary Residence Application 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Visitor visa outside CanadaVaries by country
    India: 163 days
    Nigeria: 189 Days
    United States: 60 Days
    Pakistan: 220 Days
    Philippines: 122 Days
    UAE: 196 Days
    Bangladesh: 119 Days
    Sri Lanka: 215 Days
    United Kingdom: 145 Days
    – 1 Day for India, Nigeria & UK
    – 4 Days for United States
    + 5 Days for Pakistan
    No Change for Philippines
    + 3 Days for UAE
    + 8 Days for Bangladesh
    + 16 Days for Sri Lanka
    Visitor visa inside CanadaOnline: 22 days
    Paper-Based: 45 days
    + 2 Days for online
    No Change for paper-based
    Parents or Grandparents SupervisaVaries by country
    India: 159 days
    Nigeria: 238 Days
    United States: 468 Days
    Pakistan: 246 Days
    Philippines: 182 Days
    UAE: 180 Days
    Bangladesh: 196 Days
    Sri Lanka: 282 Days
    United Kingdom: 178 Days
    + 6 Days for India
    – 2 Days for Nigeria
    + 1 Day for India
    – 79 Days for United States
    – 6 Days for Pakistan
    – 8 Days for Philippines
    + 2 Days for UAE
    – 7 Days for Bangladesh
    – 4 Days for Sri Lanka
    + 2 Days for UK
    Visitor Extension (Visitor Record)Online: 205 days
    Paper-Based: 167 days
    + 1 Days (Online & Paper-Based)
    Study Permit Outside Canada12 WeeksNo Change
    Study Permit Inside Canada4 WeeksNo Change
    Study Permit ExtensionOnline: 69 Days
    Paper-Based: 98 Days
    – 5 Days (Online)
    + 19 Days (Paper-Based
    )
    Work Permit Outside Canada*Varies by country
    India: 13 Weeks
    Nigeria: 32 Weeks
    United States: 14 Weeks
    Pakistan: 58 Weeks
    Philippines: 12 Weeks
    UAE: 32 Weeks
    Bangladesh: 26 Weeks
    Sri Lanka: 31 Weeks
    United Kingdom: 11 Weeks
    – 1 Week for India, Nigeria
    – 7 Weeks
    No Change for Philippines, UK
    + 2 Weeks for UAE & Bangladesh
    + 5 Days for Sri Lanka
    Work Permit Inside CanadaOnline: 168 Days
    Paper-Based: 84 Days
    No Change
    International Experience Canada (Current Season)**6 WeeksNo Change
    Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)5 minutesNo Change

    What Updates Does the Processing Time Include 

    IRCC bases processing time on the time it took to process prior similar applications. The processing period begins when the application is received by IRCC and concludes when the immigration officer makes a decision on the application. Furthermore, the processing time may differ depending on whether the application was filed on paper or online.

    These processing times are designed to offer new weekly timelines from the preceding 6 months’ data. Furthermore, it correlates the application volume with operational issues to assist future immigrants in better planning their journey.

    Source: IRCC

  • New Immigration Plan Can Help With Alberta Labour Shortage

    As Canada intends to significantly increase the number of immigrants annually, groups in Alberta believe it will benefit businesses facing labour shortages. The immigration levels plan, which immigration minister Sean Fraser unveiled on November 1, 2022, calls for a massive influx of immigrants to enter the country: 465,000 in 2023, rising to 500,000 in 2025.

    Government has a strong focus on admitting people based on their employment qualifications or experience. Alberta-based organizations want the government to ease limitations on immigrants choosing lower-paying positions and to support organizations that assist newcomers’ resettlement in ensuring that the new Canadians can genuinely help with the labour shortage.



    Calgary Chamber of Commerce Report on Immigration 

    The Calgary Chamber of Commerce released a report outlining the crucial role immigration plays in easing labour shortages. 

    President and CEO of the Calgary Chamber of Commerce, Deborah Yedlin, explained that whether you work in the service industry, technology, energy, or the healthcare industry, everyone is searching for that last unit of labour. Immigration has become important to address the talent shortage that every business faces across the country.

    Regarding the latest immigration levels plan, Yedlin accepts the new plan but suggests expanding the options to low-wage workers rather than solely focusing on highly skilled, technically trained experts. 

    According to Yedlin, there is a bit of a catch-22 with programs like the Alberta Opportunity Stream since you require prior work experience and language proficiency, which limits the pool of immigrants who can apply.

    She explains that the government needs to figure out how to ensure that the ability to come and work is offered as an opportunity for a broader proportion of the immigrant population than it already is, including low-wage workers.

    Affordable housing to attract immigrants

    According to Randy Boissonault, a member of parliament for Edmonton Centre, Alberta’s lower cost of living can draw people.

    Since all of the communities in Alberta have done an excellent job of continuing to create housing, Edmonton and Calgary are at the top of the list for affordable housing nationwide, according to Boissonault.

    He anticipates that the hundreds of thousands of newcomers will be able to fill employment gaps in the IT industry.

    On meeting the Alberta Machine Institute in the heart of Edmonton, they told Boissonault that many of their partners are searching for computer scientists and mathematicians who can significantly advance the field of machine learning and artificial intelligence.

    The provincial government oversees a program whose objective is to hasten the processing of visas for foreign workers hired by IT firms in Alberta.

    Yedlin claimed that because Albertans frequently lack the qualifications required for a position, businesses are forced to rely heavily on immigration. She emphasizes the tech positions that have remained unfilled for a considerable time despite being advertised for months in Calgary. 

    Newcomer settlement organizations need more support.

    Rispah Tremblay, senior manager of settlement services at the Edmonton Mennonite Centre for Newcomers (EMCN), which assists newcomers in settling in the capital area, said the immigration levels plan presents some difficulties for other organizations.

    Such that with increasing numbers, newcomer settlement organizations need additional resources, explained Tremblay. 

    Tremblay says that EMCN would require additional funding to pay employees who handle cases, assist clients in finding housing, and teach languages.

    New immigrants might not be able to integrate into the Canadian workforce without the assistance of the staff members who assist newcomers with their settlement needs.

    There must be an additional help to settle and get the right training or support they need as soon as they get here, she said. It will allow them to integrate and start working immediately.

    Tremblay is also worried that the housing supply would start to run out with everyone migrating here. Although she hasn’t heard anything from the federal government on funding to support service expansion, she anticipates that discussions will begin in the spring.


  • Canada Immigration Backlog Reduces To 1.2 Million – New IRCC Data

    Canada immigration backlog reduced from 1.49 million as of September 30, 2022 to 1.2 million as of October 31, 2022. This new data has been updated by IRCC today (November 16, 2022).

    Additionally, 1.04 million applications are still processing within service standards. So, in total, there are now 2.2 million applications under processing at IRCC.

    IRCC minister clarified on August 24, 2022 that backlog data is different from the service standard data. For e.g., spousal sponsorship has processing time of 12 months, then an application under processing within 12 months is “NOT” a backlog. Rather it will fall under normal processing data.

    However, if it exceeds the 12-month service standard, then it is called backlog. It is important to note that IRCC’s target is to processing 80% of the applications within service standards. Click here for category-wise IRCC’s service standards. Click here for latest category-wise IRCC processing times.

    Application TypeOverall Processing InventoryBacklogWithin Service Standards
    Citizenship332,000100,000232,000
    Permanent Residence603,700324,000279,700
    Temporary Residence1,304,000778,790525,210
    Total2,239,7001,202,7901,036,910
    IRCC Backlog latest data
    IRCC applications under processing
    Immigration Applications Under Processing Within Service Standards
    IRCC Backlog
    Immigration Applications Under Processing In Backlog

    Below are the category-wise Canada Immigration backlog projections by IRCC

    1. Federal High Skilled Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2289%
    Feb 2292%
    Mar 2298%
    Apr 2299%
    May 22100%
    Jun 22100%
    Jul 2299%
    Aug 22 90%86%
    Sep 22 68%72%
    Oct 22 45%59%
    Nov 22 46%
    Dec 2220%

    2. Provincial Nominee Program (Express Entry) Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2256%
    Feb 2255%
    Mar 2254%
    Apr 2251%
    May 2247%
    Jun 2245%
    Jul 2243%
    Aug 22 42%39%
    Sep 22 40%35%
    Oct 22 42%31%
    Nov 22 28%
    Dec 22 20%

    3. Spouses, Partners and children applications Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2234%
    Feb 2232%
    Mar 2230%
    Apr 2229%
    May 2227%
    Jun 2227%
    Jul 2226%
    Aug 22 25%24%
    Sep 22 25%23%
    Oct 22 24%22%
    Nov 22 20%
    Dec 22 19%

    4. Citizenship Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2246%
    Feb 2245%
    Mar 2242%
    Apr 2240%
    May 2239%
    Jun 2237%
    Jul 2234%
    Aug 22 31%31%
    Sep 22 31%30%
    Oct 22 28%29%
    Nov 22 27%
    Dec 22 25%

    5. Study Permits Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2242%
    Feb 2234%
    Mar 2227%
    Apr 2232%
    May 2231%
    Jun 2230%
    Jul 2231%
    Aug 22 38%39%
    Sep 22 31%42%
    Oct 22 26%33%
    Nov 22 31%
    Dec 22 33%
    Jan 23 36%
    Feb 23 33%
    Mar 23 23%

    6. Work Permits Backlog

    **As per IRCC, approximately 74% of work permits applications are from the Canada-Ukraine authorization for emergency travel.

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2248%
    Feb 2251%
    Mar 2229%
    Apr 2223%
    May 2226%
    Jun 2228%
    Jul 2228%
    Aug 22 34%29%
    Sep 22 27%35%
    Oct 22 23%49%
    Nov 22 55%
    Dec 22 60%
    Jan 23 58%
    Feb 23 47%
    Mar 23 30%

    7. Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) or Visitor Visa Backlog

    **As per IRCC, approximately 16% of temporary resident visa or visitor visa applications are from the Canada-Ukraine authorization for emergency travel.

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2270%
    Feb 2274%
    Mar 2255%
    Apr 2255%
    May 2256%
    Jun 2271%
    Jul 2267%
    Aug 22 71%68%
    Sep 22 74%71%
    Oct 22 74%70%
    Nov 22 67%
    Dec 22 66%
    Jan 23 66%
    Feb 23 62%
    Mar 23 58%

    Source: IRCC official website


  • Here Are IRCC New Updated Online Processing Times – Nov 16!

    IRCC changed their online processing tool in the beginning of 2022, to offer accurate information on processing timelines. Immigration Minister Sean Fraser announced this modification on March 31, 2022, as part of an effort to improve Canadian immigration system. This page contains the latest processing times from the IRCC website as of November 16, 2022.

    Processing Times for Citizenship & PR cards

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Citizenship grant24 monthsNo Change
    Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship)16 monthsNo Change
    Resumption of citizenship34 monthsNo Change
    Renunciation of Citizenship17 monthsNo Change
    Search of citizenship records15 monthsNo Change
    New PR card107 days+ 5 Days
    PR card renewals90 daysNo Change

    Processing Time for Family Sponsorship

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Spouse or common-law partner living outside Canada20 monthsNo Change
    Spouse or common-law partner living inside Canada14 monthsNo Change
    Parents or Grandparents PR37 monthsNo Change

    Processing time for Canadian Passport 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted in person at Service Canada Centre – Passport services)10 business daysNo Change
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted by mail to Service Canada Centre)20 business daysNo Change
    In-Canda Urgent pick-upBy the end of next business dayNo Change
    In-Canada Express pick-up2-9 business daysNo Change
    Regular passport application mailed from outside Canada20 daysNo Change

    Processing time for Economic Class

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Canadian Experience Class (CEC) 19 monthsNo Change
    Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) 27 monthsNo Change
    Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)49 monthsNo Change
    Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) vis Express Entry14 monthsNo Change
    Non-Express Entry PNP22 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Skilled Worker22 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Business Class65 monthsNo Change
    Federal Self-Employed42 monthsNo Change
    Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)14 monthsNo Change
    Start-Up Visa31 monthsNo Change


    Processing Time for Temporary Residence Application 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Visitor visa outside CanadaVaries by country
    India: 164 days
    Nigeria: 190 Days
    United States: 64 Days
    Pakistan: 215 Days
    Philippines: 130 Days
    UAE: 193 Days
    Bangladesh: 127 Days
    Sri Lanka: 199 Days
    United Kingdom: 146 Days
    + 2 Days for India
    Visitor visa inside CanadaOnline: 20 days
    Paper-Based: 45 days
    No Change
    Parents or Grandparents SupervisaVaries by country
    India: 153 days
    Nigeria: 238 Days
    United States: 547 Days
    Pakistan: 252 Days
    Philippines: 190 Days
    UAE: 178 Days
    Bangladesh: 203 Days
    Sri Lanka: 286 Days
    United Kingdom: 178 Days
    + 15 Days for India
    Visitor Extension (Visitor Record)Online: 204 days
    Paper-Based: 168 days
    + 3 Days (Online)
    – 5 Days (Paper-Based
    )
    Study Permit Outside Canada12 Weeks– 1 Week
    Study Permit Inside Canada4 WeeksNo Change
    Study Permit ExtensionOnline: 74 Days
    Paper-Based: 79 Days
    – 4 Days (Online)
    + 6 Days (Paper-Based
    )
    Work Permit Outside Canada*Varies by country
    India: 14 Weeks
    Nigeria: 33 Weeks
    United States: 14 Weeks
    Pakistan: 58 Weeks
    Philippines: 12 Weeks
    UAE: 30 Weeks
    Bangladesh: 34 Weeks
    Sri Lanka: 26 Weeks
    United Kingdom: 11 Weeks
    No Change
    Work Permit Inside CanadaOnline: 168 Days
    Paper-Based: 84 Days
    – 1 Day (Online)
    + 1 Day (Paper-Based)
    International Experience Canada (Current Season)**6 Weeks– 1 Week
    Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)5 minutesNo Change

    What Updates Does the Processing Time Include 

    IRCC bases processing time on the time it took to process prior similar applications. The processing period begins when the application is received by IRCC and concludes when the immigration officer makes a decision on the application. Furthermore, the processing time may differ depending on whether the application was filed on paper or online.

    These processing times are designed to offer new weekly timelines from the preceding 6 months’ data. Furthermore, it correlates the application volume with operational issues to assist future immigrants in better planning their journey.

    Source: IRCC

  • International Students Can Now Work Unlimited Hours-Know Eligibility

    From today, November 15, 2022, until December 31, 2023, International students who are in Canada and have off-campus job authorization on their study permit will not be restricted by the 20-hour-per-week work-hour limit.

    On October 7, 2022, Immigration Minister, Sean Fraser, announced the temporary lifting of the 20-hour-per-week limits on the number of hours eligible post-secondary international students are allowed to work off-campus while classes are in session. 

    If you are an international student planning to take advantage of this new policy, below are all the rules and regulations you need to know. 



    Rules for international students planning to work full time  

    As per IRCC, you can work more than 20 hours per week off campus while class is in session if you

    • are a study permit holder and are studying at a DLI full-time (or part-time during your final academic session), OR
    • have been approved for a study permit but haven’t arrived in Canada yet

    In addition, you must meet all these requirements:

    • You must ensure IRCC received your application for this study permit (including extensions) on or before October 7, 2022.
    • You must have an off-campus work authorization on your study permit.
    • Furthermore, you must be either in Canada or coming to Canada before December 31, 2023.

    How will temporarily lifting the work-hour limit benefit international students and Canada’s economy?

    This temporary policy change is because employers have unprecedented problems finding and retaining the required workers due to existing labour shortages and as Canada recovers from the pandemic. 

    This initiative will increase the availability of workers to sustain Canada’s post-pandemic growth by providing many international students more opportunities to get significant job experience in Canada. 

    With over 500,000 international students already in Canada and potentially available to work more hours, this temporary change reflects the crucial role international students may play in alleviating Canada’s labour need while continuing to pursue their education. 

    Most international post-secondary students are permitted to work on and off campus, with their work authorization printed directly on their study permit. Previously, nearly half of post-secondary international students in Canada reported earning money while studying.

    In the next section, you can learn about other changes IRCC implemented to support international students and recent graduates.

    Simplifying the process of Study permit extension 

    Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) have also introduced a pilot project to simplify the processing of study permit extensions. The types of applications covered in this pilot have a consistently high approval rate, as all applicants have previously been allowed to study in Canada. 

    In 2021, IRCC approved over 119,000 study permit extension applications with a 97% acceptance rate. In addition, more than 135,000 applications were completed between January 1, 2022, and the end of August 2022, with a 96% approval rate.

    To improve client service, the pilot applied to a small group of applicants who received their extended study permit significantly faster. If the pilot proves effective, it will expand to other programs to help reduce processing times and allow officers to focus on more complex applications.

    More than 452,000 study permit applications have been processed between January 1, 2022, and August 31, 2022. Additionally, 367,000 applications were processed within the same period in 2021, reaching a record high for the year. It also represents a 23 percent gain.

    Applications evaluated as part of the pilot to automate study permit extensions must meet study permit extension criteria. Otherwise, officers manually evaluate applications that do not meet the requirements. 

    In addition, the automated process will not reject applications or recommend rejections. Only an officer can make any decision to deny an application.

    These changes are part of a series of steps to benefit international students and graduates while assisting Canada’s larger efforts to improve client service and application processing times.

    Other recent initiatives aimed toward international students and recent graduates include:

    Source: IRCC


  • IRCC Increased Staff by 45%, But Processing Woes Continue

    In Canada’s immigration department, new data indicate a significant increase in hiring. However, the processing continues to be slow. The operational capacity of Canada’s immigration department, IRCC has increased by 45 per cent from pre-pandemic levels, according to never-before-published data.

    Canada has already received nearly as many applications for temporary and permanent residents as it did in 2019 before the pandemic in only eight months of 2022.

    After a two-year slowdown, the country’s immigration system is already operating 45 percent above capacity in 2019. As a result, the number of applications for permanent and temporary residents processed through the system is expected to surpass the 3.2 million recorded last year before the pandemic. 



    IRCC increased workforce, yet processing times continue to grow 

    Unprecedented data shows that Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada now employs 8,104 front-line operations employees, up from 5,583 in March 2019, with the majority of the new employees hired since the start of 2022. This is true even if the number of employees on leave increased gradually from 559 in March 2019 to 733 in October.

    Additionally, the number of workers who continued to telework decreased from about 100 per cent at the start of the pandemic to 71.8 per cent last month.

    Richard Kurland, an immigration attorney and policy analyst, says more employees can process more files. As a result, it should lead to higher volumes of decisions when combined with the artificial intelligence decision-making system.

    “You are using the A.I. to do the strenuous labour. Now that the files that require human contact are on track and heading in the correct direction, you have more people to handle them.

    However, Immigration officials would prefer to see the following numbers in check, though:

    • Web forms have become the primary method for applicants to contact the department, increasing from 1.61 million in 2020 to 2.26 million in 2021 and 2.42 million as of September this year;
    • Another important inquiry tool is access-to-information requests, which increased from 98,042 before the pandemic to 204,549 in 2021 before falling to 122,016 so far this year;
    • By 2022, there will have been 963 lawsuits filed against the immigration department, up from just 112 in 2019. These lawsuits sought a court order compelling authorities to process files.

    Therefore, not all critics agree that the immigration system has stabilized.

    Lack of clarity for the reasons for processing delays 

    Vancouver immigration attorney Steven Meurrens questioned why there were still backlogs despite having 45 percent more employees processing applications. He says he is confused why processing times “keep getting worse” in multiple programs and certain visa offices.

    Further, he questioned if there are bugs with new technology or if certain visa postings have I.T. issues. Or other Technology-related concerns due to working from home. Unfortunately, since the department won’t reveal, it isn’t easy to deduce what’s happening from the statistics.

    According to Ravi Jain of the Canadian Immigration Lawyers Association, the department’s increased staffing levels did not correspond to the enormous delay in how people were experiencing the online immigration system. He wants a royal commission to investigate the backlogs and delays in immigration.

    In my opinion, they weren’t really doing much, says Jain. But nevertheless, they cannot get away with this. Because it’s harming individuals in so many ways, it just seems “criminal” to me, said Jain.

    Through the main immigration programs, Canada had received more than 2.9 million new applications for permanent and temporary residents as of August 31. Those figures will undoubtedly raise the total above the 3.2 million files in 2019, with four months left in 2022.

    In comparison to the total of 3,225,130 (235,257 permanent and 2.99 million temporary residents) reported in 2019, immigration officers processed 2.25 million immigration petitions throughout the time period—207,590 permanent and 2.04 million temporary immigrants.

    Source: Toronto Star