Last Updated On 28 November 2022, 8:59 AM EST (Toronto Time)
The journey might sound too overwhelming if you are getting permanent residency of Canada, starting a new life and have kids. As a parent, childcare is usually the top priority. Everyone wants to provide their child with the best care. However, it is also essential to manage the costs and ensure that the childcare service is top quality.
So, if you have a child or are planning on having one, you are in the right place. This article lists the many childcare options in Canada. Also, it helps you understand the costs so that you can plan your budget accordingly. Moreover, it will also help you choose a service that is best suited to your needs.
Types of child care in Canada
In Canada, there are many options available for child care. A few examples of these are – daycare centres, home daycare, nannies, and preschools. Some of the services are regulated while others might be unregulated.
Regulated services are monitored, licensed, and regulated by provincial and territorial authorities. Examples of these are full-day childcare, home child care, and school-age child care.
On the other hand, unregulated child care is provided either in the caregiver’s or the child’s own home. In such cases, it is the parent’s responsibility to assess the quality of child care provided.
Moreover, you will have to manage your relationship with the caregiver. Listed below are the different kinds of child care in Canada –
Full-day child care centres
These centres are inspected regularly by government officials. Full-day child care should be licensed and meet the province’s regulations. These include group size, staff training requirements, physical space, nutrition, health and safety, and so on. Any childcare centre that is not licensed cannot operate anywhere in Canada.
These programs are regulated in almost all provinces through the same licensing systems as full-day programs. However, some requirements may be different. Also, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, and Yukon allow unlicensed part-day programs. Examples of such programs are nursery schools or preschools.
These programs are regulated in all provinces, usually up to age 12. However, starting age and specific requirements for school-age programs vary. Some before and after-school programs, recreational and skill-building programs, as well as programs for young school-aged children during summers and school holidays are not required to be licensed
Regulated family child care (home child care)
This program is available in all provinces. It is provided to a group of children in a caregiver’s own home. In some provinces, regulated family childcare homes are inspected or monitored by a government official.
They make regular visits. Some regulations in this program include the physical environment, number of children by age, record keeping, nutrition, health and safety, and also sometimes caregiver training.
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Cost of childcare in Canada
Child care is expensive in Canada and varies by province. So, it often becomes a challenge to find affordable child care. The monthly cost can be around $179 to $1,934 CAD depending on the province.
In Quebec, Prince Edward Island, Manitoba, and Newfoundland, and Labrador half of the childcare spaces are at a provincially-set fee. Child care in Toronto is the most expensive.
Also, Markham, Mississauga, Oakville, Richmond Hill, and Vaughan, all cities in the GTA (Greater Toronto Area) follow with the highest median fees for childcare. The cities with the lowest fees for infant care are in Quebec. Winnipeg also has affordable childcare.
How to find a perfect childcare option
Listed below are the steps you should take to find childcare that best suits your situation –
- Search for Child Care Services in your city. You can find them on your city’s website or the province’s Ministry of Education website. This will provide you with a list of licensed centers in your neighborhood.
- Choose the location that best suits for based on your work location or home. Ask about their hours of operation. See if they match the days and times when you’ll need childcare
- Check the environment of the childcare. It should be welcoming, safe, and child friendly.
- Confirm that the provider is licensed, regulated, or monitored by the government. Confirm their qualifications. See if the staff is trained in providing emergency first aid.
- Lastly, ask about the fees and see if it fits your budget.
Tips for newcomers to Canada
Here are a few tips for newcomers-
Budgeting – It is important to budget your expenses. Note down all your monthly costs. This will help you better plan your finances and choose the right kind of childcare program. Also, this helps you decide if you should go for private or public care. For example, hiring a nanny may prove to be slightly more cost-effective if you have two or more kids.
Grants – The federal government offers Canada Child Benefit to families with children. This grant provides a tax-free monthly payment to all eligible families living in Canada to assist with the cost of raising children under the age of 18. You should apply for these grants.
Subsidies – All provinces provide childcare subsidies. However, the criteria, limits, and options may vary depending on the province. You should consider this. You can Reach out to your nearest newcomer settlement centre for assistance.
- Top 10 Tourist Attractions In Canada You Must Visit
Tourists and Visitors come from all over the world to experience the abundance of unique tourist attractions in Canada.
If you are planning to apply for tourist visa, then you can include one or more of these marvels in your itinerary.
The following are the top 10 tourist attractions that are the most talked about and represent Canada across the Globe:
The Niagara Falls is widely considered to be one of the most well-known natural marvels in the whole world.
Horseshoe Falls, American Falls, and Bridal Veil Falls are the three distinct waterfalls that make up Niagara Falls, which are located on the Niagara River on the boundary between Ontario and New York.
The falls are also known as the Niagara Gorge. Visitors have the option of taking a boat excursion to get up close to the falls or a helicopter tour to get a bird’s eye perspective of the spectacle.
The CN Tower in Toronto is a tower that stands at a height of 553 meters and provides visitors with breathtaking views of the city and its surroundings.
Built in 1976 it held the record of world’s tallest free-standing structure for 32 years until 2007.
It is a well-known landmark that can be seen in the heart of downtown Toronto. Visitors have the option of riding a glass elevator to the observation deck for stunning views of the city and Lake Ontario, dining at the restaurant that revolves 360 degrees around the tower, or even participating in the EdgeWalk activity, which allows them to walk along the edge of the tower.
Banff National Park
Banff National Park is a gorgeous wilderness region that is located in Alberta and is a part of the Canadian Rockies.
It is known for its snow-capped mountains, turquoise lakes, and rich wildlife. Activities like as hiking, skiing, and snowboarding, as well as relaxing in the hot springs, are quite popular here.
Lake Louise and Lake Moraine are the most visited sites in Banff National Park.
There are no words that can describe the beauty of this heaven in Canada and can only be experienced by visiting here.
The historic neighbourhood of Quebec City known as Old Quebec is a UNESCO World Heritage site that features winding lanes lined with quaint shops and stunning architecture.
Visitors have the option of seeing the Citadel, going for a trip in a horse-drawn carriage, or sampling regional cuisine at one of the numerous restaurants and cafés in the area.
Stanley Park is a park in the city of Vancouver that spans an area of 1,000 acres and features forested areas, beaches, and breathtaking vistas of the surrounding mountains and city.
To its southeast, the park is bounded by the suburbs of West End and Coal Harbour, and the Lions Gate Bridge provides access to the North Shore.
The easternmost point of the park is denoted by the historic lighthouse that is located on Brockton Point.
Visitors have the option of biking or walking along the seawall, checking out the Vancouver Aquarium, or going to Brockton Point to see the iconic totem poles.
The Canadian Museum of History
The Canadian Museum of History is a national museum that exhibits the diverse history and culture of Canada, from the time of the First Peoples to the present day.
It is located in Gatineau, in the province of Quebec. The Canadian Children’s Museum, the Canadian Stamp Collection, and the Grand Hall, which has a totem pole and a full-sized reproduction of a canoe, are all part of the museum’s extensive collection of exhibits.
Butchart Gardens is a stunning garden that can be found in Victoria, British Columbia.
It is home to hundreds of different kinds of plants, including flowers, trees, and shrubs.
Visitors have the option of taking a boat ride around the bay, going for a stroll in the gardens, or attending one of the numerous concerts or other events that are conducted on the grounds.
The Canadian Rockies are home to some of the world’s most breathtaking landscapes, including jagged mountain peaks, crystal-clear lakes, and snow-capped glaciers.
It comprises of Jasper National Park, the most extensive protected area of wilderness in the Canadian Rockies established in 1907 as the sixth national park in Canada.
Jasper is integral part of the UNESCO Rocky Mountain World Heritage Site and one of the core part of the biggest national park system in the world.
Lake Louise, Moraine Lake, and the Icefields Parkway, which is a magnificent drive that stretches from Banff to Jasper, are three of the most popular locations in the area.
Situated in the heart of Ottawa, this Parliament Hill is home to the federal government of Canada as well as the renowned Peace Tower, which provides breathtaking vistas over the surrounding area.
Visitors have the opportunity to participate in a variety of activities while they are on the grounds of the Parliament Buildings, including taking a guided tour of the buildings, seeing the ceremony of the Changing of the Guard, or attending one of the various festivals or events that are hosted there.
Whistler is a well-known ski resort town that can be found in the Coast Mountains of British Columbia.
Whistler is home to some of the best skiing and snowboarding in the world, in addition to other exciting outdoor activities.
Whitewater rafting, mountain biking, hiking, and taking a ride atop the mountain in a picturesque gondola are among activities that are available to tourists throughout the summer months.
These are just a handful of the many great places to visit in Canada that the country has to offer tourists.
This magnificent nation has something to offer everyone, whether they are searching for natural beauty, cultural experiences, or outdoor adventure.
What are the top 10 Tourist Attractions in Canada?
- New Minimum Wage In British Columbia Effective June 1
New minimum wage in British Columbia will increase from $15.65 to $16.75 per hour effective June 1, 2023.
This $1.10 raise in British Columbia’s new minimum wage is just near to our expectation posted last week.
British Columbia official press release confirms the raise in the minimum legal hourly wage even $0.25 cents higher than our expectation.
New minimum wage in British Columbia effective June 1, 2023 will be the second highest minimum wage in Canada and even higher than Ontario’s minimum wage that is scheduled to go up in October 2023.
Year Lowest Hourly Wage Effective June 1, 2023 $16.75 2022 $15.65 2021 $15.20 2020 $14.60 2019 $13.85 2018 $12.65 2017 $11.35 2016 $10.85 2015 $10.45 B.C. Minimum Wage Raises Since 2015
Live-in camp leaders are paid a daily rate for each day or part day worked.
- June 1, 2023 – $133.69
- June 1, 2022 – $125.06
Live-in home support workers are paid a daily rate.
- As of June 1, 2023, the daily rate will be $124.73 per day or part day worked
- The current daily rate is $116.68 per day or part day worked
Resident caretakers for a building with nine to 60 residential suites:
- June 1, 2023 – $1,002.53 per month plus $40.17 for each suite
- June 1, 2022 – $937.82 per month plus $37.58 for each suite
Resident caretakers for a building with 61 or more residential suites:
- June 1, 2023 – $3,414.85 per month
- June 1, 2022 – $3,194.43 per month
Ontario is also set to increase their minimum wage in October 1, 2023, but will stay 20 cents lesser than B.C.’s.
The increase in the wage is based on the 6.9% average inflation rate in British Columbia in 2022. This equates to $1.08 per hour, or 6.9% of the current minimum wage.
The increase in wage will be $1.10 per hour, rounded to the closest nickel, as is customary in British Columbia and other jurisdictions, from $15.65 to $16.75.
The raise will benefit around 150,000 workers earning less than $16.75.
Many include food service employees, grocery store workers, retail workers, and other workers who were critical throughout the epidemic.
Overall, the wages in British Columbia has risen from one of the lowest in the country to one of the highest. In 2015, this wage was just $10.45 per hour.
New minimum wage of $16.65 came in effect on April 1, 2023 across Canada for federally regulated sectors.
Furthermore, 5 Canadian provinces also increased their minimum wages on April 1, 2023.
Now all the Canadian provinces have increased or announced increase in their wages this year except for Alberta and Nunavut.
Once Alberta used to have the highest minimum hourly wage in Canada, but the province did not increase it since 2018.
We are expecting that Wild Rose Country will also be increasing their wage in 2023.
Official Minimum Wages In Canada and Next Raise Schedule
Geography Minimum Wage Per Hour Next Raise Date Minimum Wage
after Next Raise
Canada (Federally regulated private sectors) $16.65 April 1, 2024 $17.75 (estimated) Ontario $15.50 October 1, 2023 $16.55 Manitoba $14.15 October 1, 2023 $15.30 New Brunswick $14.75 April 1, 2024 (Expected) $15.50 (estimated) Nova Scotia $14.50 October 1, 2023 $15 Saskatchewan $13.00 October 1, 2023 $15 Newfoundland & Labrador $14.50 October 1, 2023 $15 Alberta $15.00 To Be Decided (TBD) TBD British Columbia $15.65 $16.75 June 1, 2023 Quebec $14.25 May 1, 2023 $15.25 Nunavut $16.00 To Be Decided (TBD) TBD Prince Edward Island $14.50 October 1, 2023 $15 Northwest Territories $15.20 September 1, 2023 $16 (estimated) Yukon $16.77 April 1, 2024 $17.50(estimated)
Real Living Wage in British Columbia
The living wage is defined as what someone must earn in order to cover the true expenses of living in their community, and it is based on community-specific information.
B.C. Community Living Wage Haida Gwaii $25.87 Golden $25.56 Salt Spring Island $24.36 Sunshine Coast $24.30 Greater Victoria $24.29 Metro-Vancouver $24.08 Revelstoke $23.60 Fernie $23.58 Cowichan Valley $23.53 Powell River $23.33 Kelowna $22.88 Prince Rupert $22.69 Cranbrook $21.90 Columbia Valley $21.85 Prince George $21.19 Trail $21.13 Nelson $20.83 Castlegar $20.54 Dawson Creek $20.53 Nanaimo $20.49 Comox Valley $20.26 Grand Forks $20.05 Kamloops $19.14 Fraser Valley $18.98
Is B.C. minimum wage going up in 2023?The general minimum wage in British Columbia will increase from $15.65 to $16.75 per hour on June 1, 2023, benefiting the province’s lowest-paid workers.
What is the living wage in BC?$24.08 is the living wage for Metro Vancouver and $24.29 for Greater Victoria.
- New Targeted Express Entry Draws 2023 Selection Criteria
Today, Immigration Minister Sean Fraser announced new targeted Express Entry draws in 2023 implementation with category-based selection for Canada permanent residency (PR).
This effort by IRCC is to address labor shortages and strengthen its communities within its flagship economic immigration management system, Express Entry.
By inviting prospective permanent residents with specific skills, training, or language proficiency, Canada aims to empower businesses, meet labor demands, and support French-speaking communities.
This article explores the details of the new selection process, highlights the focus on French language proficiency and in-demand occupations, and discusses the potential impact on Canada’s economy and society.
Learn more about
Occupation-Based Selection in New Express Entry Draws
Express Entry, Canada’s primary application management system for economic immigration, is now implementing category-based selection.
By targeting candidates with work experience in key fields, such as healthcare, STEM professions, trades, transport, and agriculture, Canada can invite skilled workers who are in high demand.
New occupation based Express Entry draws will focus on candidates who have at least 6 months of work experience in last 3 years in one of the following sector:
- science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) professions
- trades, such as carpenters, plumbers and contractors
- agriculture and agri-food
You can click on above links to get full list of occupations with their NOC codes under each sector.
Do I just need 6 months of experience to be eligible for new Express Entry targeted draws?No, you need at least 1 year (30 x 52 weeks = 1560 hours) of work experience in TEER 0, 1, 2, or 3 occupations to meet general eligibility for any program of the Express Entry system.
Out of this 1 year, if you worked in any of the above listed sectors for at least 6 months in last 3 years, then you will be considered for the targeted Express Entry draws.
This selection method will allow Canada to issue invitations to apply for permanent residency to individuals with specific skills, training, or language ability.
Focus on French Language Proficiency
Another category apart from occupation-specific draws is strong French language proficiency category to support French-speaking communities across Canada.
Eligible Express Entry profiles with French-language test results that show a minimum score of 7 in all 4 language abilities on the Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens will be eligible for such draws.
By encouraging skilled individuals with a strong French language proficiency to immigrate, Canada ensures that French communities can thrive and maintain their vibrant cultural identities.
This commitment reflects Canada’s dedication to promoting bilingualism and language diversity.
“By placing a special focus on Francophone immigration, the Government of Canada is ensuring that French communities can continue to live their life in Canada in the official language of their choice.” – The Honourable Sean Fraser, Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship
The Importance of Immigration in Solving Labor Shortages
In recent years, employers across Canada have faced significant challenges in filling vacant positions due to chronic labor shortages.
Recognizing the crucial role of immigration in meeting these demands, the Government of Canada has developed an immigration system that acts as a catalyst for growth.
By attracting skilled workers and addressing labor market needs, Canada aims to ensure economic and social prosperity for years to come.
Enhancing the Express Entry System
Category-based selection not only addresses labor market needs but also enhances the responsiveness of the Express Entry system.
This new approach aligns with Canada’s high human capital approach, which has been a cornerstone of its successful economic immigration system.
By selecting candidates with the potential to integrate and contribute to Canada’s future, the government ensures that the country continues to attract skilled workers who will make meaningful contributions to society.
“Canada’s immigration system has never been more responsive to the country’s social or economic needs.” – The Honourable Sean Fraser, Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship
Anticipated Impact and Future Invitations
The first category-based invitations to apply are expected to be sent out this summer, marking a significant milestone in Canada’s immigration system.
By attracting skilled professionals in high-demand fields and prioritizing French language proficiency, Canada aims to address labor shortages, foster economic growth, and support the vitality of French-speaking communities.
With immigration accounting for nearly 100% of Canada’s labor force growth, the country recognizes the invaluable contributions immigrants make to key sectors.
Quebec’s Unique Immigration Arrangement
Under the Quebec-Canada Accord, Quebec maintains its autonomy in establishing its immigration levels.
While the category-based selection primarily focuses on non-Quebec regions, the Federal High-Skilled program has contributed significantly to French-speaking admissions outside Quebec.
From 2018 to 2022, these admissions accounted for 34% to 40% of overall French-speaking admissions.
Category-based selection in Canada’s Express Entry system represents a crucial step toward addressing labor shortages, supporting economic growth, and empowering French-speaking communities.
By inviting skilled workers with specific skills, training, and language proficiency, Canada ensures that businesses have access to the talent they need while fostering the vitality of its diverse communities.
This proactive approach reflects Canada’s commitment to building an inclusive and prosperous future for all.
When will new targeted Express Entry draws start?More information on the date of new targeted Express Entry draws for various categories, as well as how to apply, will be released in the coming weeks.
What will happen to occupations not included in targeted Express Entry draws?IRCC has repeatedly confirmed that normal Express Entry draws will continue as targeted Express Entry draws will be just part of the quota allocated for overall Express Entry.
Express Entry profiles with occupations NOT in the targeted draws can expect higher CRS Cutoff score.
- New Targeted Express Entry Draws: List Of Eligible NOC Codes
Immigration Minister Sean Fraser announced full list of occupations eligible for new targeted Express Entry draws for 2023.
To be eligible for one of the targeted Express Entry draws, candidates must have at least 6 months of continuous work experience (in Canada or abroad) during the last 3 years, in any of the occupation listed below.
New Targeted Express Entry Draws List Of Eligible NOC Codes
These targeted occupations are much in line with expectations posted by INC – Immigration News Canada.
Do I just need 6 months of experience to be eligible for the new Express Entry targeted draws?No, you must have at least one year (30 x 52 weeks = 1560 hours) of work experience in TEER 0, 1, 2, or 3 occupations to be eligible for any Express Entry program.
If you worked in any of the 82 targeted occupations for at least 6 months in the last three years, then you would qualify to be considered in one of the targeted Express Entry round of invitations.
Occupation 2021 NOC code Audiologists and speech language pathologists 31112 Chiropractors 31201 Dentists 31110 Dieticians and nutritionists 31121 Education counsellors 41320 General practitioners and family physicians 31102 Instructors of persons with disabilities 42203 Kinesiologists and other professional occupation in therapy and assessment 31204 Licensed practical nurses 32101 Massage therapists 32201 Medical laboratory assistants and related technical occupations 33101 Medical laboratory technologists 32120 Medical radiation technologists 32121 Medical sonographers 32122 Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates 33102 Nurse practitioners 31302 Nursing co-ordinators and supervisors 31300 Occupational therapists 31203 Optometrists 31111 Other assisting occupations in support of health services 33109 Other practitioners of natural healing 32209 Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating 31209 Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment 32109 Paramedical occupations 32102 Pharmacy technical assistants and pharmacy assistants 33103 Physician assistants, midwives and allied health professionals 31303 Physiotherapists 31202 Psychologists 31200 Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses 31301 Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists 32103 Specialists in clinical and laboratory medicine 31100 Specialists in surgery 31101 Therapists in counselling and related specialized therapies 41301 Traditional Chinese medicine practitioners and acupuncturists 32200 Veterinarians 31103 Healthcare occupations
Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) occupations
Occupation 2021 NOC Code Architects 21200 Architecture and science managers 20011 Business systems specialists 21221 Civil Engineers 21300 Computer and information systems managers 20012 Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers) 21311 Computer systems developers and programmers 21230 Cybersecurity specialists 21220 Data scientists 21211 Database analysts and data administrators 21223 Electrical and electronics engineers 21310 Engineering managers 20010 Industrial and manufacturing engineers 21321 Information systems specialists 21222 Land surveyors 21203 Landscape Architects 21201 Mathematicians, statisticians and actuaries 21210 Metallurgical and materials engineers 21322 Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers 41400 Software developers and programmers 21232 Software engineers and designers 21231 Urban and land use planners 21202 Web designers 21233 Web developers and programmers 21234 STEM Occupations List
Occupation 2021 NOC code Residential and commercial installers and servicers 73200 Elevator constructors and mechanics 72406 Machine fitters 72405 Heating, refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics 72402 Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics 72400 Carpenters 72310 Plumbers 72300 Electricians (except industrial and power system) 72200 Welders and related machine operators 72106 Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers 72014 Trade occupations
Occupation 2021 NOC code Aircraft assemblers and aircraft assembly inspectors 93200 Transport truck drivers 73300 Railway traffic controllers and marine traffic regulators 72604 Engineer officers, water transport 72603 Deck officers, water transport 72602 Air traffic controllers and related occupations 72601 Air pilots, flight engineers and flying instructors 72600 Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors 72404 Railway carmen/women 72403 Managers in transportation 70020 Transport occupations
Agriculture and agri-food occupations
Occupations 2021 NOC Code Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services 82031 Agricultural service contractors and farm supervisors 82030 Butchers- retail and wholesale 63201 Agriculture and agri-food occupations
How would CRS score be affected by targeted Express Entry draws?It is expected that CRS cutoff score will drop for the Express Entry profiles having experience in one of the targeted occupations/NOC codes.
However, CRS cutoff score will increase for profiles not included in targeted occupations/NOC codes.
- International Students Protesting Deportations From Canada
International students have joined hands to protest in front of CBSA office in Mississauga to stop the deportations in fake offer letter case.
Since Monday, students have been demonstrating near 6900 Airport Road day and night without any break.
International students facing deportations met with CBSA officers and presented their demands today on June 2, 2023.
The students are continuing to protest 24 hours a day, seven days a week, until Lovepreet’s deportation order is lifted.
Lovepreet has been ordered to leave Canada by June 13, 2023 in fake offer letter case, wherein he was not aware that his agent used a fraudulent document to get his study permit to Canada.
Predominant business owners, social media influencers, and immigration consultants are also joining the protest to support international students and stop deportation of Lovepreet Singh.
Amardeep Singh of Sky Immigration among the beginners of protest, urged the community to get together to support Lovepreet Singh and join the protest.
Bob Dosanjh Singh who ran for the office of Brampton Mayor says international students facing deportations are not at fault, rather Canadian system under Liberals is flawed.
He says that none of the international student should be deported in the fake offer letter case and calls on Canadians to come out in support of these international students.
“Some of these international students have been working and filing taxes since last 5-6 years and now receiving removal order letters is totally wrong.” he added.
Kanwar Sierah of Sierah Immigration raises that Canadian colleges are also at fault in these cases as they tie up and pay commission to the “ghost consultants” overseas who operate without any regulatory authority.
Furthermore, these colleges send their delegates overseas in education seminars of these unauthorized consultants to recruit international students. When such a Canadian delegate endorses such “ghost consultants” students trust the process and do not question the authenticity of college offer letters.
He suggests that deportation should be stopped and these students should get open work permit until an agreement is reached. Additionally, Canadian government should form a legal panel to include all the students in fake offer letter case, rather than working on individual cases.
Mani Boparai of 22G Auto Sales, Mintu Smagh of Pendu Canadian, and Govind Sandhu of RET Canada are among the leading faces in the protest.
Mintu Smagh feeling positive about this protest calls on everyone to use the hashtags #stopdeportation and #uniteforjustice on Twitter so that protest reaches Salma Zahid, Chairperson of the Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration studies as well as other members.
On the other hand, immigration minister Sean Fraser prior to this protest tweeted that their focus is not to penalize victim international students, rather they are working on finding the actual culprits.
In similar case of Karamjeet Kaur who was ordered to leave Canada on May 29 got her order stayed at the last moment based on Humanitarian and Compassionate grounds.
Overall Canadian immigration system seems unfair in such cases given that such individuals have contributed to Canadian economy filing taxes for last 5-6 years.
Either CBSA should have caught them at entry 5-6 years ago by spotting the fake offer letter, but those documents seemed so genuine that even they believed in them.
If an IRCC visa officer or CBSA officer who are trained to catch fraudulent documents were unable to identify the fake offer letters, then how could a student would have known it.
We (INC – Immigration News Canada) have been raising the concerns of these international students since these cases were made public through our platform and would continue to stand in support of international students.
Deportation of all the international students in fake offer letter case should immediately be stayed and an exception should be made to allow them continue their life in Canada, given that these international students didn’t know about the fake offer letter and they are victims of conspiracy by their ghost consultants.
- 13,500 New Canadian Citizens Took Oath In Citizenship Week
Canada welcomed over 13,500 new Canadian citizens during the citizenship week of 2023 in 105 citizenship ceremonies.
To put in perspective, this was almost double the annual average for the number of new Canadians welcomed each week.
Most of the Canada aspirants entering as international students, foreign workers, or permanent residents eagerly wait for the day to be entitled as Canadian citizen.
Around 84,720 immigrants became new Canadian citizens from 212 different countries in the first three months of 2023, according to the most recent numbers released by IRCC in May 2023
Country of Birth Number of New Canadian Citizens
Q1 2023 (January – March)
India 16,068 Philippines 8,738 Nigeria 3,765 Syria 3,545 Pakistan 3,253 Iran 2,774 People’s Republic of China 2,572 United States of America 2,043 United Kingdom and Colonies 1,521 Iraq 1,506 Total 45,785 Click here for full list of country-wise new Canadian citizens
In 2022, Canada welcomed a record-breaking amount of 373,000 new citizens into the country.
At ceremonies in Halifax and Vancouver, Minister Fraser greeted new citizens and spoke about Canada’s history of helping those in need and the obligations that come with becoming a Canadian.
Beating pre-COVID levels, approximately 30,000 persons a month took the Oath of Citizenship between April 1, 2022 and March 31, 2023.
Since the new online testing platform went live on November 26, 2020, almost 546,000 individuals have used it to take their citizenship exams as of March 31, 2023.
IRCC is now able to send over 5,000 invitations for test takers every week.
Canada has established a record goal of welcome approximately 1.5 million new permanent residents by 2025.
New Oath of Citizenship Introduced In 2023
The new Canadian citizenship oath now vows to His Majesty, King Charles III, who is now Canada’s third monarch.
Additionally, the oath has been updated to incorporate acknowledgement and affirmation of First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples’ Aboriginal and treaty rights.
What Canadian Citizenship eligibility?You need to be a permanent resident who has resided in Canada for at least 3 out of the past 5 years (1,095 days) and has filed your taxes, in order to be eligible to apply for citizenship in Canada.
In addition, you need to meet the language requirements for the citizenship test, if your age is less than 54.
How much is processing time for Canadian citizenship?IRCC is currently taking an average of 21 months to process most (80%) of the citizenship applications in last 6 months, as per latest official update.
How much is fee for Canadian citizenship?$630 is the Canadian citizenship application fee for an adult (18 or older) and $100 for minor (under 18).
- Best Universities in Canada for International Students 2023
Are you a foreign student thinking about attending one of the best universities in Canada? Stop right there! Canada is noted for its great education, welcoming culture, and diverse people.
In this piece, we’ll take a look at the best universities in Canada for international students in 2023.
Best Universities in Canada
How Were These Universities Selected
When choosing which universities are best for international students, you should look at a number of factors.
We selected these best universities in Canada based on academic offerings, campus facilities, student support services, overseas reputation, and student contentment.
University of Toronto
The University of Toronto is widely regarded as one of the top universities in the world and is definitely one of the best universities in Canada, offering a wide range of programs and research opportunities.
With three campuses and a diverse student population, the university fosters a rich intellectual and cultural environment.
From humanities to sciences, engineering to business, the University of Toronto delivers world-class education that prepares students for success in their chosen fields.
University of British Columbia
The University of British Columbia (UBC), a Vancouver institution, ranked among top universities of the world is renowned for its beautiful campuses and active student community.
Innovation, sustainability, and interaction with the world are prioritized at UBC.
Students have the chance to explore their interests and participate in cutting-edge research thanks to a wide range of academic programs.
International students can flourish intellectually and personally at UBC in a stimulating atmosphere.
But if you’re an international student who is so engrossed in university life and all the opportunities for growth that you don’t have time for daily tasks, don’t worry.
Today, there is an option to get help to write an essay from professionals, which will increase the academic performance of any student.
Such services allow you to devote time to more exciting tasks and self-development.
University of Waterloo
The University of Waterloo stands out for its cooperative education (co-op) programs, which integrate classroom learning with work experience.
As a leader in innovation and technology, Waterloo prepares students for the rapidly evolving job market.
The university’s strong connections with industry and focus on entrepreneurship create a dynamic environment for international students to develop their skills and launch successful careers.
Located in Montreal, Quebec, McGill University is renowned for its bilingual environment and cultural diversity.
As one of Canada’s oldest and most prestigious institutions, McGill offers a wide range of academic programs across various disciplines.
The university’s research-intensive environment and commitment to experiential learning provide students with valuable hands-on experiences and opportunities to make a difference in the world.
University of Alberta
With a strong reputation for academic excellence, the University of Alberta offers a diverse range of programs and research opportunities.
Located in Edmonton, Alberta, the university prides itself on its vibrant campus life and commitment to student success.
International students at the University of Alberta benefit from a supportive community, numerous scholarships, and global collaborations that enhance their educational experience.
University of Calgary
Located in the vibrant city of Calgary, the University of Calgary offers comprehensive programs and a strong focus on research.
With an interdisciplinary approach, students have the flexibility to explore multiple fields of study and pursue their passions.
The university’s proximity to the Rocky Mountains also provides ample opportunities for outdoor recreational activities, making it an attractive choice for international students seeking both academic and adventure experiences.
Queen’s University, one of Canada’s oldest universities, has a rich history. Queen’s small class numbers and strong community foster important student-professor relationships.
International students get a well-rounded education via the university’s extracurriculars and student participation.
McMaster University stands out for its problem-based learning approach, which encourages critical thinking and collaboration.
The university’s renowned health sciences programs, state-of-the-art facilities, and research opportunities make it an excellent choice for students pursuing careers in healthcare.
McMaster’s commitment to community engagement and extracurricular activities ensures a well-rounded education for international students.
University of Ottawa
The University of Ottawa, sometimes known as uOttawa or the U of O, is a multilingual public research university located in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
The main campus is located in the Sandy Hill district, 42.5 hectares (105 acres) northeast of Downtown Ottawa, across the Rideau Canal.
The University of Ottawa has appeared in several university rankings. The university was ranked 201-300 in the world and 9-12 in Canada in the 2022 Academic Ranking of World Universities.
Western University in London, Ontario, has strong liberal arts programs and collaborative research.
Small classes, individualized education, and substantial support services demonstrate the university’s dedication to student achievement.
Western University’s close-knit community helps international students improve personally and academically.
Choosing the right university is a crucial step in your educational journey as an international student.
Canada has many top-tier universities with dynamic campus life and many professional possibilities.
Canada features huge research universities and smaller community-focused universities.
Are these universities listed in any particular order?The universities listed in this article are not ranked in any particular order. International students can choose a school based on their academic interests and preferences.
How can international students apply to these universities?Canadian Universities accept applications from international stduetns through their websites or admissions portals.
Application requires academic records, language proficiency test scores, recommendations, as well as personal statement.
It’s essential to check each universities’ specific admission requirements and deadlines.
What scholarships are available for international students?Many Canadian universities offer scholarships and financial aid packages for international students.
These scholarships can be merit-based, need-based, or specific to certain fields of study.
Visit the universities’ websites to learn about scholarships and the application procedure.
Are there English language requirements for admission?IELTS is the most common English language test required by most Canadian universities for international students and the requirements vary depending upon the level of courses and individual universities.
Check each university’s minimum language score for admission.
Can international students work part-time while studying in Canada?Yes, international students in Canada are generally allowed to work part-time (20 hours per week) during their studies and full-time (40 hours) during the breaks.
However, there are certain restrictions and guidelines imposed by the Canadian government. It’s advisable to familiarize yourself with the regulations and seek guidance from the college’s international student office or the appropriate immigration authorities.
- Canadian Citizenship: Know About 7 Key Benefits For Citizens
Getting Canadian citizenship is a significant milestone that offers a multitude of advantages, transforming your status from a permanent resident to a fully recognized member of the Canadian community.
In this comprehensive article, we will explore the 7 most compelling benefits of obtaining Canadian citizenship.
From the freedom from status renewal to expanded job opportunities, active political participation, global mobility, and the ease of raising Canadian citizen children, Canadian citizenship opens up a world of possibilities and rewards.
So, let’s take a closer look at why trading your permanent residence for Canadian citizenship can bring incredible rewards and opportunities for you and your family.
No More Status Renewal: Freedom and Peace of Mind
One of the immediate benefits of Canadian citizenship is the freedom from the ongoing process of renewing your permanent resident card every five years.
As a citizen, you receive a citizenship certificate that is valid indefinitely, eliminating the need for status renewal.
This provides you with peace of mind and stability, allowing you to focus on building your life and contributing to Canadian society without any interruptions or concerns about maintaining your status.
Access to Expanded Job Opportunities
Canadian citizens enjoy access to a wider range of job opportunities that are exclusive to citizens.
Certain government positions and jobs requiring high-level security clearances are reserved for Canadian citizens.
These roles often come with attractive compensation packages, comprehensive benefits, and opportunities for career advancement.
By becoming a citizen, you unlock doors to new professional avenues, ensuring that your skills and qualifications are recognized to their fullest extent, opening up a wealth of possibilities for personal and financial growth.
Enhanced Protection and Stability
While permanent residents may face the risk of deportation, Canadian citizens benefit from enhanced protection and stability.
Citizenship can only be revoked under limited circumstances, such as acquiring it through fraudulent means or engaging in serious criminal activities.
This assurance provides you and your family with a sense of security, knowing that your status in Canada is more solidified and less susceptible to sudden changes.
It offers stability in your personal and professional life, allowing you to plan for the future with confidence and peace of mind.
Voting and Political Engagement
Canadian citizenship grants you the invaluable right to vote in federal, provincial, and municipal elections.
By exercising your right to vote, you actively participate in shaping the democratic process and influencing decisions that impact your community, province, and the entire nation.
Your vote is a powerful tool for expressing your voice and making a difference in the policies and direction of the country.
Additionally, citizenship opens doors for you to engage further in politics by running for office or joining political parties.
This level of political participation allows you to advocate for causes that are close to your heart, contribute to the development of Canadian society, and actively shape the future of the nation.
Global Mobility with a Canadian Passport
Obtaining Canadian citizenship grants you access to a powerful tool for global mobility—the Canadian passport.
Renowned for its high ranking in terms of visa-free travel, the Canadian passport provides you with the freedom to explore numerous countries around the world without the need for a visa.
This significantly simplifies travel arrangements and reduces the bureaucratic hurdles that often come with holding a permanent resident status.
Moreover, possessing a Canadian passport facilitates re-entry into Canada, ensuring smoother travel experiences and reducing potential complications that may arise with permanent resident travel documents.
It offers you the flexibility to travel for business or pleasure, explore new cultures, and build international connections with ease.
Canadian Citizenship for Your Children
One of the most significant benefits of Canadian citizenship is the automatic citizenship it bestows upon your children, regardless of their place of birth.
Whether your children are born in Canada or abroad, they inherit your Canadian citizenship, providing them with a range of opportunities and benefits.
This eliminates the need for sponsorship or additional application processes, simplifying their journey toward establishing a secure and prosperous future.
Canadian citizenship for your children ensures that they grow up with a strong sense of belonging and identity in Canadian society, with access to quality education, healthcare, and a myriad of opportunities to thrive and succeed.
Freedom to Live Anywhere
Canadian citizenship offers you the freedom to live anywhere in the world without compromising your citizenship status.
Unlike permanent residency, which imposes strict residency requirements, Canadian citizens enjoy the flexibility to settle in Canada or explore different countries and cultures while maintaining their citizenship rights.
This global mobility allows you to pursue international career opportunities, experience new environments, and enrich your life through diverse life experiences and perspectives.
It’s important to note that living abroad for an extended period may result in the loss of voting rights in federal elections; however, your Canadian citizenship remains intact, providing you with a sense of belonging and a home to return to whenever you choose.
Becoming a Canadian citizen unlocks a multitude of benefits that enrich both your personal and professional life.
From the freedom from status renewal to accessing a broader range of job opportunities, active political engagement, global mobility with a Canadian passport, automatic Canadian citizenship for your children, and the freedom to live anywhere in the world, Canadian citizenship opens doors to new horizons and endless possibilities.
Embrace the opportunities and responsibilities that come with this esteemed status, contribute to the diverse and vibrant fabric of Canadian society, and embark on a journey of growth, fulfillment, and belonging.
How does Canadian citizenship differ from permanent residency?Canadian citizenship offers several advantages over permanent residency. It eliminates the need for status renewal, provides access to a wider range of job opportunities, allows for active political participation, grants global mobility with a Canadian passport, ensures automatic citizenship for children, and offers the freedom to live anywhere in the world.
Can permanent residents vote in Canadian elections?No, only Canadian citizens have the right to vote in federal, provincial, and municipal elections.
Voting is an essential aspect of active citizenship and allows citizens to participate in shaping the country’s policies and direction.
Does Canadian citizenship provide benefits for children?Yes, Canadian citizenship bestows automatic citizenship on children, regardless of their place of birth. This ensures that they have access to the benefits and opportunities that come with Canadian citizenship, including quality education, healthcare, and a sense of belonging in Canadian society.
Can Canadian citizens live and work outside of Canada?Yes, Canadian citizens have the freedom to live and work anywhere in the world without losing their citizenship.
Unlike permanent residency, which has strict residency requirements, Canadian citizenship allows individuals to explore international career opportunities, experience different cultures, and maintain their citizenship rights.
However, living abroad for an extended period may result in the loss of voting rights in federal elections.
- IEC 2023 New Round of Invitations | May 27
This article provides information about IEC 2023 new round of invitations which is officially updated by the IRCC every Friday.
For the IEC 2023 season, Canada has set a quota of 90,000 work permits across three categories to be filled by individuals from more than 35 eligible countries.
Last week, we (INC – Immigration News Canada) reported discrepancy in number of invitations for Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and Taiwan. Good news, IRCC has now corrected the numbers.
This week, around 2,500 individuals have been extended an invitation to submit an application for open work permits under the IEC Working Holiday visa category.
Please click here for the IEC 2023 quotas for each country.
Candidates who applied to be in the Young Professional category were extended 267 invitations, whilst candidates from major nations who applied to be in the International Co-op (internship) category were only extended 116 invitations.
The most recent official processing time updated by the IRCC on May 26 reflects that 80% of IEC 2023 applications are being processed within a period of 7 weeks.
The following tables provide category-wise lists of the most recent invites granted, available places, candidates already in the pool, and the likelihood of earning an invite in the following week for each nation.
Working Holiday Category Invitations
Country Invitations Issued Week Ending May 26 Total Invitations
Issued In 2023
Andorra 0 17 1 20 Australia 318 6,232 170 unlimited Austria 0 154 73 0 Belgium 47 1,044 13 67 Chile 0 2,292 7,125 0 Costa Rica 40 612 1,103 44 Croatia 5 111 5 204 Czech Republic 18 830 20 470 Denmark 13 306 8 123 Estonia 0 110 0 49 France 0 16,885 8,261 0 Germany 140 3,861 82 1,820 Greece 9 311 2 107 Hong Kong 8 308 6 67 Ireland 119 6,405 70 6,706 Italy 76 1,941 37 635 Japan 225 5,217 118 2,404 Korea Republic 100 10,503 671 108 Latvia 0 72 22 0 Lithuania 4 360 48 2 Luxembourg 0 30 0 59 Netherlands 143 929 11 167 New Zealand 71 1,925 45 1,149 Norway 4 75 3 87 Poland 22 738 12 224 Portugal 28 834 18 1,191 San Marino 0 4 0 22 Slovakia 14 452 5 47 Slovenia 8 46 1 62 Spain 116 1,732 47 790 Sweden 33 342 5 395 Taiwan 269 4,382 923 84 United Kingdom 665 8,904 208 4,879 Total 2,495 77,964 19,113 21,982 IEC 2023 Working Holiday Invitations
Young Professionals Invitations
Country Invitations Issued Week Ending May 26 Total Invitations
Issued In 2023
Candidates In Pool Available
Chances of Receiving An Invitation Next Week Australia 6 116 2 unlimited Excellent Austria 0 10 0 59 Excellent Chile 0 391 30 0 Very low Costa Rica 6 172 1 18 Excellent Croatia 0 7 0 16 Excellent Czech Republic 6 200 4 24 Excellent Estonia 0 7 0 7 Excellent France 147 2,414 51 804 Excellent France via Volontariat international en entreprise (VIE) 1 274 66 300 Excellent Germany 16 342 10 171 Excellent Greece 4 120 0 104 Excellent Ireland 3 114 1 129 Excellent Italy 5 164 0 135 Excellent Latvia 0 6 0 7 Excellent Lithuania 0 17 0 11 Excellent Luxembourg 1 1 0 9 Excellent Netherlands 24 126 4 98 Excellent Norway 0 7 0 10 Excellent Poland 2 68 2 86 Excellent Portugal 2 32 0 187 Excellent Slovakia 2 41 1 12 Excellent Slovenia 0 7 0 12 Excellent Spain 19 156 3 85 Excellent Spain via ICEX Vives Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable 46 Excellent Sweden 2 27 0 89 Excellent Switzerland 14 218 3 44 Excellent Taiwan 7 122 2 70 Excellent Total 267 5,159 180 2,533 IEC 2023 Young Professionals invitations
IEC 2023 International Co-op (internship) Invitations
Country Invitations Issued Week Ending May 26 Total Invitations
Issued In 2023
Candidates In Pool Available Spots Chances of Receiving An Invitation Next Week France 106 3,507 44 1,862 Excellent Ireland 0 15 0 39 Excellent Germany 7 93 0 104 Excellent Luxembourg 0 3 0 9 Excellent Switzerland 2 34 1 28 Excellent Taiwan 1 18 1 19 Excellent Total 116 3,670 46 2,061 IEC 2023 International Coop invitations
How many invitations to apply have been issued in IEC 2023 season?So far 77,964 invitations to apply for open work permits have been issued under the working holiday visa category, 5,159 under Young Professionals category, and more than 3,670 under International Co-op category.
Always remember number of invitations doesn’t mean that the same number of individuals will be admitted because some individuals may decline an invite while some of the applications may be refused by IEC 2023 for not meeting the requirements.
- New Open Work Permit Eligibility For Spousal & Family class Applicants
Today, immigration minister Sean Fraser announced a new temporary public policy offering an open work permit for spousal and family class applicants.
INC – Immigration News Canada provided live updates and extensive coverage of new announcement by immigration minister on family reunification.
Eligibility Criteria For Open Work Permit For Spousal & Family Class Applicants
The new public policy signed by Sean Fraser facilitates the issuance of an open work permit to foreign nationals applying under the Spouse or Common-Law Partner in Canada Class or the Family Class.
This also includes family members, who have a valid temporary resident status, have maintained their status, or are eligible for and have applied to restore their status, and have the same residential address as their sponsor in Canada when they apply for an open work permit.
You are eligible to apply for an open work permit (less than 2 years), if either 1 of the following applies to you:
- The foreign national is
- a principal applicant who has submitted an application for permanent residence under the Spouse or Common-Law Partner in Canada Class or as a spouse, common-law or conjugal partner under the Family Class that has been accepted for processing by IRCC after meeting the requirements for a complete application.
- the subject of a sponsorship application that was submitted by their spouse, common-law partner, or conjugal partner who is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident;
- having the same place of residence in Canada as their sponsor at the time that the application is submitted;
- possesses either a current and active status as a temporary resident in Canada or the ability to apply for restoration of status and has done so.
- The foreign national is:
- a dependent child and has been included as an accompanying family member in the application for permanent residence
- meet all the requirements mentioned in first part
How To Apply
After receiving Acknowledgement of Receipt (AOR) for permanent residence application under spousal or family class, eligible spouses and dependent children will need to apply online for an open work permit.
Applicants will need to sign in to their GCKey or create a new one (if they don’t have it).
After signing in, applicants will have to answer certain questions to get a personalized documents checklist.
Furthermore, answer “Yes” to the following question in the work permit application form.
Also select “open work permit” in the section where it asks “What type of work permit are you applying for?”
Additionally make sure that you enter below code for job title and description of duties.
- Job Title: Enter “SCLPC – FC OWP”
- Brief Description of duties: Enter “SCLPC – FC applicant in Canada public policy.”
What about 18-month spousal open work permit extension?
Please don’t confuse above information with 18-month spousal open work permit extension announced today.
As of now our sources reveal as immigration minister said, spousal open work permit holders eligible for a 18-month extension are expected to get an automatic extension option in their online IRCC secure account.
Furthermore, they may need to apply for an open work permit citing this new temporary public policy.
More clarity is expected to come along as we approach June 7 implementation of new 18-month open work permit extension.
Who is considered as dependent child for Canada family sponsorship applications?A dependent child for matter of Canada family sponsorship include:
A person who is less than 22 years old and do not have a spouse or common-law partner
A person who is older than 22 years old, but has relied significantly on the financial assistance of the parent since before the age of 22, as well as being unable to maintain oneself financially owing to a physical or mental ailment.
- The foreign national is