Childcare In Canada – Here Is All You Need To Know!

kids holding canada flag
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The journey might sound too overwhelming if you are getting permanent residency of Canada, starting a new life and have kids. As a parent, childcare is usually the top priority. Everyone wants to provide their child with the best care. However, it is also essential to manage the costs and ensure that the childcare service is top quality. 

So, if you have a child or are planning on having one, you are in the right place. This article lists the many childcare options in Canada. Also, it helps you understand the costs so that you can plan your budget accordingly. Moreover, it will also help you choose a service that is best suited to your needs.

Types of child care in Canada

In Canada, there are many options available for child care. A few examples of these are – daycare centres, home daycare, nannies, and preschools. Some of the services are regulated while others might be unregulated.

Regulated services are monitored, licensed, and regulated by provincial and territorial authorities. Examples of these are full-day childcare, home child care, and school-age child care.

On the other hand, unregulated child care is provided either in the caregiver’s or the child’s own home. In such cases, it is the parent’s responsibility to assess the quality of child care provided.

Moreover, you will have to manage your relationship with the caregiver. Listed below are the different kinds of child care in Canada – 

childcare in canada

Full-day child care centres

These centres are inspected regularly by government officials. Full-day child care should be licensed and meet the province’s regulations. These include group size, staff training requirements, physical space, nutrition, health and safety, and so on.  Any childcare centre that is not licensed cannot operate anywhere in Canada.

Part-day programs

These programs are regulated in almost all provinces through the same licensing systems as full-day programs. However, some requirements may be different. Also, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, and Yukon allow unlicensed part-day programs. Examples of such programs are nursery schools or preschools.

School-age programs

These programs are regulated in all provinces, usually up to age 12. However, starting age and specific requirements for school-age programs vary. Some before and after-school programs, recreational and skill-building programs, as well as programs for young school-aged children during summers and school holidays are not required to be licensed

Regulated family child care (home child care)

This program is available in all provinces. It is provided to a group of children in a caregiver’s own home. In some provinces, regulated family childcare homes are inspected or monitored by a government official.

They make regular visits. Some regulations in this program include the physical environment, number of children by age, record keeping, nutrition, health and safety, and also sometimes caregiver training.



Cost of childcare in Canada

Child care is expensive in Canada and varies by province. So, it often becomes a challenge to find affordable child care. The monthly cost can be around $179 to $1,934 CAD depending on the province.

In Quebec, Prince Edward Island, Manitoba, and Newfoundland, and Labrador half of the childcare spaces are at a provincially-set fee. Child care in Toronto is the most expensive.

Also, Markham, Mississauga, Oakville, Richmond Hill, and Vaughan, all cities in the GTA (Greater Toronto Area) follow with the highest median fees for childcare. The cities with the lowest fees for infant care are in Quebec. Winnipeg also has affordable childcare. 

How to find a perfect childcare option 

Listed below are the steps you should take to find childcare that best suits your situation – 

  • Search for Child Care Services in your city. You can find them on your city’s website or the province’s Ministry of Education website. This will provide you with a list of licensed centers in your neighborhood.
  • Choose the location that best suits for based on your work location or home. Ask about their hours of operation. See if they match the days and times when you’ll need childcare
  • Check the environment of the childcare. It should be welcoming, safe, and child friendly. 
  • Confirm that the provider is licensed, regulated, or monitored by the government. Confirm their qualifications. See if the staff is trained in providing emergency first aid.
  • Lastly, ask about the fees and see if it fits your budget. 

Tips for newcomers to Canada

Here are a few tips for newcomers- 

Budgeting – It is important to budget your expenses. Note down all your monthly costs. This will help you better plan your finances and choose the right kind of childcare program. Also, this helps you decide if you should go for private or public care. For example, hiring a nanny may prove to be slightly more cost-effective if you have two or more kids. 

Grants – The federal government offers Canada Child Benefit to families with children. This grant provides a tax-free monthly payment to all eligible families living in Canada to assist with the cost of raising children under the age of 18. You should apply for these grants. 

Subsidies – All provinces provide childcare subsidies. However, the criteria, limits, and options may vary depending on the province. You should consider this. You can Reach out to your nearest newcomer settlement centre for assistance.


  • Third IEC 2023 Draw Sent More Than 7,100 New Invites

    International Experience Canada – IEC 2023 sent more than 7,100 invites in the third round of invitations for the week ending January 27, 2023.

    More than 6,526 invites were sent under the Working Holiday category. Currently, there are 26,667 applicants from 32 countries in the Working Holiday pool.

    More than 342 invitations went to the Young Professional category, while the International Co-op (internship) category received greater than 253 invites.

    So far, IEC 2023 has sent around 19,000 invitations in three draws held this year. As on the January 15 IRCC processing update, the current season of IEC has a processing period of 7 weeks.

    This page lists the countries that have received invites as of January 27, 2023.

    1. IEC 2023 Working Holiday

    Invited profiles under Working Holiday category get an open work permit allowing to work for nearly any business in Canada.

    This is the category for you if you:

    • have no job offer
    • would like to work for more than one company in Canada
    • would want to work in more than one area and make money so that you may travel
    CountryInvitations issued
    week ending 27
    Candidates In PoolAvailable Spots
    Andorra3125
    Australia319247Unlimited
    Austria181050
    Belgium6748519
    Chile206,451To Be Announced
    Costa Rica588861
    Croatia29251
    Czech Republic3841796
    Denmark2916308
    Estonia10790
    France2,6368,5895,063
    Germany01,498To Be Announced
    Greece2514102
    Hong Kong1413125
    Ireland4333389,292
    Italy111931,405
    Japan2745,677244
    Korea Republic1,5002,0012,617
    Latvia6315
    Lithuania192698
    Luxembourg2273
    Netherlands6851222
    New Zealand113822,119
    Norway20115
    Poland4628485
    Portugal59211,602
    San Marino3125
    Slovakia3034219
    Slovenia1271
    Spain12383456
    Sweden219548
    United Kingdom5293843,363
    Total6,52626,66730,359

    3. Young Professionals Category

    In the Young Professionals category, invited applicants get an employer-specific work visa.

    For this category, applicants need to have:

    • a valid job offer from Canadian employer that helps to advance professionally.
    • to work for the same employer in the same place.
    CountryInvitations issued
    week ending 27
    Candidates In PoolAvailable Spots
    Australia75Unlimited
    Austria0159
    Chile45152To Be Announced
    Costa Rica11150
    Croatia0018
    Czech Republic97105
    Estonia009
    France1751091,768
    Germany0102To Be Announced
    Greece1040
    Ireland66139
    Italy1012172
    Latvia007
    Lithuania10114
    Luxembourg0010
    Netherlands86143
    Norway0013
    Poland3299
    Portugal30194
    Slovakia18320
    Slovenia0015
    Spain38129
    Sweden0095
    Switzerland1710166
    Taiwan7732
    Total3424503,207

    3. International Co-op (Internship)

    An employer-specific work visa is issued in the International Co-op (Internship) category. This category is for you, if you

    • are a post-secondary student with a job offer for a work placement or internship in Canada;
    • will complete this work placement or internship to finish your studies; and
    • will work for the same company in the same area throughout your stay in Canada.
    CountryInvitations issued
    week ending 27
    Candidates In PoolAvailable Spots
    Australia00Unlimited
    Austria0019
    Chile21To Be Announced
    Costa Rica005
    Croatia005
    Czech Republic005
    Estonia005
    France2491823,411
    GermanyTo Be Announced41To Be Announced
    Greece0010
    Ireland0147
    Italy0248
    Latvia002
    Lithuania005
    Luxembourg009
    Norway005
    Poland003
    Portugal0050
    Slovakia005
    Slovenia005
    Spain0049
    Sweden0020
    Switzerland2248
    Taiwan039
    Total2532323,765

  • Know Canada Weekly Earnings In All The Provinces

    On January 26, 2023 – Statistics Canada released latest data for average weekly earnings in Canada. They also released the industry-wise and province-wise weekly earnings data.

    Overall average weekly earnings in Canada increased by 4.2% to $1,180.21.

    The job openings fell in six provinces, with Newfoundland and Labrador losing the most (-35.3% to 5,500), followed by Manitoba (-26.5% to 20,600), and New Brunswick (-21.8% to 11,500).

    Ontario, Quebec, and Alberta had lower proportionate drops, while the number of job openings in the remaining provinces remained stable.

    Below listed are the industry-wise and province-wise weekly earnings in Canada and all the provinces.

    Industry-Wise Weekly Earnings in Canada

    IndustryAverage Weekly Earning
    Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction2362.28
    Utilities2068.42
    Professional, scientific and technical services1634.13
    Management of companies and enterprises1570.68
    Information and cultural industries1567.12
    Finance and insurance1556.47
    Public administration1527.13
    Construction1468.27
    Wholesale trade1413.46
    Forestry, logging and support1376.38
    Real estate and rental and leasing1300.33
    Manufacturing1261.16
    Transportation and warehousing1248.94
    Educational services1171.70
    Health care and social assistance1033.25
    Other services (excluding public administration)993.70
    Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services967.36
    Arts, entertainment and recreation713.90
    Retail trade700.82
    Accommodation and food services469.85

    Province-Wise Weekly Earnings in Canada

    ProvinceAverage Weekly Earnings
    Nunavut1579.90
    Northwest Territories1579.40
    Yukon1352.38
    Alberta1277.78
    Ontario1203.64
    Newfoundland and Labrador1178.30
    British Columbia1177.45
    Saskatchewan1149.77
    Quebec1124.11
    New Brunswick1076.99
    Manitoba1076.52
    Nova Scotia1031.80
    Prince Edward Island994.16

    Which Canadian province has the highest weekly earnings?

    Alberta has the average weekly earnings of $1,277.78 followed by Ontario at $1,203.64, Newfoundland and Labrador at $1,178.30, and British Columbia at $1,177.45.

    How much is the weekly earnings in Canada?

    Canada has the average weekly earnings of $1,180.21 as per latest data by Statistics Canada released on January 26, 2023.

    How much is the weekly earnings in Ontario and British Columbia?

    Ontario has the weekly earnings of $1,203.64, while British Columbia has average weekly earnings at $1,177.45

    How much is the weekly earnings in Quebec?

    Quebec has an average weekly earnings of $1,124.11

    Source: Statistics Canada

  • Here Are Most Common Canada Immigration Options In 2023

    Canada is undoubtedly one of the most popular destinations for people who want to move countries. And, righteously so.

    There are so many benefits of living in Canada, including a better lifestyle and education.

    So, if you are someone who wants to move to Canada, but are not sure how to, you are in the right place.

    Canada plans to welcome 465,000 new immigrants in 2023. Due to its labor shortage, Canada relies heavily on immigration.

    Also, in 2021 and 2022, Canada already set a new annual permanent resident record. And, it aims to break the records again in the next couple of years. 

    Each person has their own unique profile. So, based on that you should choose the way that best suits you.

    There is no one simple way to move to Canada. However, since the immigration targets are higher now, it is the best time to state your immigration journey. 

    This article lists all the ways you can move to Canada in 2023.

    Express Entry (EE)

    Express Entry(EE) is the fastest and most popular way to move to Canada. This program lets skilled foreign nationals live and work in Canada.

    If you apply under this program, you can get permanent residence in Canada as soon as six months.

    Moreover, by 2025, Canada plans to invite half a million newcomers. Most of these immigrants will be through one of the three streams of Express Entry:

    Also, with the recent launch of the new NOCs (2021), 16 new occupations now qualify for Express Entry through the Federal Skilled Worker Program. Examples of a few occupations are- truck drivers, nurses, teachers,s and so on. 

    To apply under EE you must first be eligible under one of Canada’s above three federal streams. After which, you need to create an online profile.

    This profile is scored by Canada’s Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). You get an invitation to apply if you are among the highest-ranking candidates in the Express Entry pool.

    Meeting the CRS cut-offs can be a little difficult.  However, just by being in the pool of candidates, you could be nominated for permanent residence by a province. 

    The cost of immigrating through Express Entry is typically about $2,300 CAD for a single applicant. If you are moving as a couple, it could be around $4,500 CAD.

     Provincial Nominee Programs in Canada

    Another common way of moving to Canada is through a Provincial Nominee Program (PNP).

    Canada aims to welcome 117,500 new immigrations through PNPs by 2025. Each province and territory has many nominee programs.

    So, the only economic stream bigger than Express Entry in 2023 is the combined force of Canada’s PNPs.

    All programs have their own unique eligibility criteria. For instance, some programs need you to have a connection to the province to apply for nomination.

    Furthermore, you might need a job offer from a Canadian employer in order to qualify. In some programs, however, overseas candidates are invited if they are able to meet the needs of the province’s labor market.

    Listed below are the PNP programs for each province- 

    Each PNP has its own processing time. Once you receive a nomination, you need to apply to the federal government for Canadian permanent residence.

    Parts of the PNP also fall under the Express Entry. So, each of the provincial programs mentioned above has specific streams for the federally-operated selection system.

    The cost of applying through a PNP is usually the same as Express Entry. However, there might be some additional fees, depending on the province.

    Certain provinces don’t charge a fee to process PNP applications But some like, Ontario, can charge up to $1,500 CAD.

    Business Immigration

    If you own a business or know how to manage a business, you can move here through a federal or provincial business immigration program.

    Canada plans to welcome 3,500 newcomers through business programs in 2023. These programs usually require a high investment.

    The amount depends on the program you are interested in. listed below are the three common ways you can move to Canada through a business – 

    1. Start-up visa: One of the most popular routes to Canada for business-minded individuals is the Start-Up Visa. To apply for this, you need to have a  qualifying business or a business idea.

    Then, applicants need a designated angel investor group, venture capital fund, or business incubator to support this.

    Lastly, applicants must prove their language ability to live in Canada. Under this visa, you can move to Canada on a work permit.

    During this period you can establish your business here. After which, you can apply for permanent residence.

    However, you need to be actively involved in the management of the business within Canada. 

    2. Provincial Business Programs: Most provinces in Canada have their own entrepreneur programs. These programs fall under the respective Provincial Nominee Programs.

    You can check the requirements of these programs and apply under the Provincial Business Program. 

    3. Self-Employed Programs: You can also move here through the Self-Employed Programs. The federal Self-Employed program is for people who have some prior self-employment experience.

    Moreover, you should want to and be able to make some contribution to the cultural, artistic, or athletic life of Canada. Quebec also has a self-employed program.

    As part of this program, applicants create their own jobs by practicing a profession or pursuing a commercial activity.

    Family Sponsorship

    Canada’s immigration policy emphasizes family reunification. Families in Canada are able to sponsor their relatives to come to Canada.

    So, if you have a qualifying family member who is a PR or citizen of Canada, this might be the easiest way for you to move to Canada.

    The cost of sponsoring a relative is around $1,135 CAD. However, if the sponsor lives in Quebec, additional charges might apply. 

    There are many programs that help PRs and citizens to bring their families here. The two major categories under this program are- 

    Spouses, Partners, and Children: Canada combines spouses, partners, and children in its Immigration Levels Plan. And aims to welcome 78,000 such newcomers in 2023.

    In the spouse and partner stream, you can sponsor your partner from outside or within Canada. This is through the Spouse or Common-Law Partner in Canada Class.

    Moreover, while you wait for your application to be processed, you might qualify for a work permit. The applications take about 12 months to process from start to finish.

    For a child to be sponsored, they have to generally be under 22. Also, they should not have a partner or spouse of their own.

    Children over the age of 22, must prove that they cannot support themselves financially because of a mental or physical condition.

    Or, that they have depended on their parents for financial support since before the age of 22. 

    Parents and Grandparents: Sponsoring parents and grandparents in Canada operate on a lottery system. A sponsor can declare their interest in a pool.

    These applications are drawn at random and issued an invitation to apply. This steams has drawn controversy in the past.

    This is because it is mostly oversubscribed. This pool has not opened for new sponsors since 2020.

    However, three batches of sponsors have been invited to apply since then. IRCC might move to open a new window for the submission of interest to sponsor forms in 2023 soon.

    Alternatively, PGP prospective applicants can apply for Super visa to bring parents and grandparents to Canada.


  • New IRCC Temporary Policy For Spousal Open Work Permit Eligibility

    Starting on January 30, 2023 – The IRCC will temporarily extend open work permit eligibility to spouses and dependent children of most work permit holders at all skill levels.

    This temporary policy was initially announced by Immigration Minister, Sean Fraser on December 2, 2022.

    As announced, phase 1 of this new temporary policy will now come in effect beginning January 30.

    PhaseEffective Date
    Phase 1 – allows family members of employees who come to Canada to apply for an open work visa through the high-wage stream of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program or the International Mobility Program.January 30, 2023
    Phase 2 – Following consultations, the legislation will be expanded to include family members of employees from the low-wage stream of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program.To be decided
    Phase 3 – Consultation with agricultural partners and stakeholders will be conducted to examine the practical viability of expanding the measure to cover family members of agricultural employees.To be decided

    Before this temporary policy, spouses were only eligible for a spousal open work permit, if the principal applicant worked in a high-skill occupation, defined under TEER 0, 1, 2, or 3.

    However, now spouses will be eligible for open work permit if the principal applicant is working in any occupation under TEER 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5.

    IRCC shared eligibility and ineligibility under this new spousal open work permit temporary policy as mentioned below.

    Who is eligible?

    Spouse, common-law partner, or dependent child of a work permit holder is eligible, if the work permit holder in Canada:

    • works in a job of any TEER (Training, Education, Experience and Responsibilities) category (0 to 5), or
    • have an open work permit such as PGWP (post-graduation work permit holder) at all skill levels, or
    • are permanent resident applicant under economic class currently holding a valid work permit

    Who is not eligible at this time?

    Spouses and dependents of work permit holders in TEER 4 or 5 jobs are not eligible at this time, if the work permit holders are currently working:

    Children qualify as dependants if they are:

    • unmarried or don’t have a common-law partner, and
    • less than 22 years of age

    Children aged more than 22 years can also qualify as dependants only if they are:

    • unable to support themselves financially because of a physical or mental condition, and
    • rely on their parents for financially since before they were 22

  • Here Are New Updated IRCC Processing Times As Of January 25

    IRCC processing tool was updated in 2022 to provide accurate information on average processing times.

    This article enlists newly updated IRCC processing times as of January 25, 2023 and comparison with last week’s processing times.

    These processing times are provided to offer Canada immigration/visa applicants an estimate of how long their applications may take to process.

    In addition, prospective candidates wishing to apply for Canadian immigration/visa can get a sense of what to expect before filing their application.

    These processing times are to ensure that Canada immigration/visa applicants get a faint idea of their applications’ processing.

    These processing times are meant to give new weekly processing time based on data collected over the past 6 months.

    Additionally, the processing time begins when IRCC receives the application and ends when the immigration officer reaches a decision on the application.

    IRCC Processing Times for Citizenship & PR cards

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Citizenship grant24 monthsNo Change
    Citizenship certificate (proof of citizenship)15 monthsNo Change
    Resumption of citizenship34 monthsNo Change
    Renunciation of Citizenship15 monthsNo Change
    Search of citizenship records16 monthsNo Change
    New PR card180 days+ 9 days
    PR card renewals74 days– 3 days

    IRCC Processing Time for Family Sponsorship

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Spouse or common-law partner living outside Canada17 monthsNo Change
    Spouse or common-law partner living inside Canada13 monthsNo Change
    Parents or Grandparents PR38 monthsNo Change

    According to the most recent official IRCC data, the Canadian immigration backlog stood at 918,300.

    Furthermore, 1.055 million applications were still being handled in accordance with IRCC service standards. In total, IRCC was processing around 1.97 million applications as of December 31, 2022.

    Processing time for Canadian Passport 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted in person at Service Canada Centre – Passport services)10 business daysNo Change
    In-Canada New Passport (Regular application submitted by mail to Service Canada Centre)20 business daysNo Change
    In-Canda Urgent pick-upBy the end of next business dayNo Change
    In-Canada Express pick-up2-9 business daysNo Change
    Regular passport application mailed from outside Canada20 business daysNo Change

    Processing time for Economic Class

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Canadian Experience Class (CEC)20 monthsNo Change
    Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)30 monthsNo Change
    Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)63 monthsNo Change
    Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) via Express Entry12 monthsNo Change
    Non-Express Entry PNP21 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Skilled Workers (QSW)19 monthsNo Change
    Quebec Business Class66 monthsNo Change
    Federal Self-Employed41 monthsNo Change
    Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)15 monthsNo Change
    Start-Up Visa32 monthsNo Change

    Processing Time for Temporary Residence Application 

    Application TypeCurrent Processing TimeChange From Last Week
    Visitor visa outside CanadaVaries by country
    India: 122 Days
    Nigeria: 403 Days
    United States: 42 Days
    Pakistan: 327 Days
    Philippines: 92 Days
    UAE: 241 Days
    Bangladesh: 226 Days
    Sri Lanka: 188 Days
    United Kingdom: 222 Days
    – 8 Days for India
    + 56 Days for Nigeria
    + 2 Day for United States
    No Change for Pakistan
    – 4 Days for Philippines
    – 4 Days for UAE
    + 1 Day for Bangladesh
    – 2 Days for Sri Lanka
    + 1 Day for UK
    Visitor visa inside CanadaOnline: 17 days
    Paper-Based: 43 days
    – 4 Days for online
    + 2 Days for paper-based
    Parents or Grandparents Super VisaVaries by country
    India: 127 Days
    Nigeria: 364 Days
    United States: 215 Days
    Pakistan: 292 Days
    Philippines: 155 Days
    UAE: 238 Days
    Bangladesh: 206 Days
    Sri Lanka: 233 Days
    United Kingdom: 155 Days
    – 5 Days for India
    + 136 Days for Nigeria
    No Change for United States
    + 15 Days for Pakistan
    + 9 Day for Philippines
    + 2 Days for UAE
    + 4 Days for Bangladesh
    + 5 Days for Sri Lanka
    – 2 Days for UK
    Visitor Extension (Visitor Record)Online: 205 days
    Paper-Based: 96 days
    – 1 Day (Online)
    – 44 Days for Paper-Based
    Study Permit Outside Canada9 WeeksNo Change
    Study Permit Inside Canada5 Weeks+ 1 Week
    Study Permit ExtensionOnline: 164 Days
    Paper-Based: 158 Days
    – 1 Day (Online)
    + 13 Days (Paper-Based)
    Work Permit Outside Canada*Varies by country
    India: 8 Weeks
    Nigeria: 34 Weeks
    United States: 10 Weeks
    Pakistan: 71 Weeks
    Philippines: 11 Weeks
    UAE: 48 Weeks
    Bangladesh: 31 Weeks
    Sri Lanka: 26 Weeks
    United Kingdom: 7 Weeks
    No Change for India
    + 2 Weeks for Nigeria
    + 2 Weeks for United States
    + 2 Weeks for Pakistan
    No Change for Philippines
    + 8 Weeks for UAE
    No Change for Bangladesh
    – 2 Weeks for Sri Lanka
    No Change for UK
    Work Permit Inside CanadaOnline: 167 Days
    Paper-Based: 60 Days
    – 2 Days (Online)
    – 1 Day (paper-based)
    International Experience Canada (Current Season)7 WeeksNo Change
    Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program (SAWP)25 Days+ 3 Days
    Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)5 minutesNo Change
    *Applications for critical occupations are being prioritized. If you are not applying for a job in a critical occupation, your processing time may be longer than shown above.
    Source: IRCC

  • Canada Immigration Backlog Drops To 918,300

    Finally, the Canada immigration backlog drops below 1 million. As per new updated IRCC data, overall backlog has now reduced to 918,300.

    Additionally, 1.055 million applications are still being processed within IRCC service standards. This number has increased from 1.02 million since November 30 data.

    The backlog has been continuously reducing since September 30, 2022 as follows:

    DateBacklogTotal Applications
    Under Processing
    December 31, 2022918,3001,973,800
    November 30, 20221,086,2002,111,400
    October 31, 20221,202,7902,239,700
    September 30, 20221,322,5002,610,700

    Overall, there were 1.97 million applications that were being processed at IRCC. This data has been updated by IRCC today and is true as of December 31, 2022.

    IRCC minister confirmed that backlog data is different from service standard data.

    For example, if spousal sponsorship specifies a processing period of 12 months, an application that is being processed within 12 months is “NOT” a backlog. Rather, it will be classified as standard processing.

    However, if it surpasses the 12-month service requirement, it is referred to as a backlog.

    It should be noted that IRCC’s goal is to complete 80% of applications within service standards. Click here to view the category-wise IRCC service standards.

    Application TypeOverall Processing InventoryBacklogWithin Service Standards
    Citizenship301,00085,000216,000
    Permanent Residence620,800361,300259,500
    Temporary Residence1,052,000472,000580,000
    Total1,973,800918,3001,055,500

    Below are the category-wise Canada Immigration backlog projections by IRCC

    1. Federal High Skilled Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2289%
    Feb 2292%
    Mar 2298%
    Apr 2299%
    May 22100%
    Jun 22100%
    Jul 2299%
    Aug 2290%86%
    Sep 2268%72%
    Oct 2245%59%
    Nov 2231%46%
    Dec 2222%20%
    Jan 2320%
    Feb 2320%
    Mar 2320%

    2. Provincial Nominee Program (Express Entry) Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2256%
    Feb 2255%
    Mar 2254%
    Apr 2251%
    May 2247%
    Jun 2245%
    Jul 2243%
    Aug 2242%39%
    Sep 2240%35%
    Oct 2242%31%
    Nov 2242%28%
    Dec 2241%20%
    Jan 2340%
    Feb 2339%
    Mar 2338%

    3. Spouses, Partners and children applications Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2234%
    Feb 2232%
    Mar 2230%
    Apr 2229%
    May 2227%
    Jun 2227%
    Jul 2226%
    Aug 2225%24%
    Sep 2225%23%
    Oct 2224%22%
    Nov 2224%20%
    Dec 2224%19%
    Jan 2324%
    Feb 2324%
    Mar 2324%

    4. Citizenship Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2246%
    Feb 2245%
    Mar 2242%
    Apr 2240%
    May 2239%
    Jun 2237%
    Jul 2234%
    Aug 2231%31%
    Sep 2231%30%
    Oct 2228%29%
    Nov 2227%27%
    Dec 2228%26%
    Jan 2326%
    Feb 2325%
    Mar 2324%

    5. Study Permits Backlog

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2242%
    Feb 2234%
    Mar 2227%
    Apr 2232%
    May 2231%
    Jun 2230%
    Jul 2231%
    Aug 2238%39%
    Sep 2231%42%
    Oct 2226%33%
    Nov 2227%31%
    Dec 2233%33%
    Jan 2336%
    Feb 2333%
    Mar 2323%

    6. Work Permits Backlog

    **As per IRCC, approximately 73% of work permits applications are from the Canada-Ukraine authorization for emergency travel.

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2248%
    Feb 2251%
    Mar 2229%
    Apr 2223%
    May 2226%
    Jun 2228%
    Jul 2228%
    Aug 2234%29%
    Sep 2227%35%
    Oct 2223%49%
    Nov 2228%55%
    Dec 2226%60%
    Jan 2358%
    Feb 2347%
    Mar 2330%

    7. Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) or Visitor Visa Backlog

    **As per IRCC, approximately 20% of temporary resident visa or visitor visa applications are from the Canada-Ukraine authorization for emergency travel.

    MonthBacklog (Actual)Backlog (Projected)
    Jan 2270%
    Feb 2274%
    Mar 2255%
    Apr 2255%
    May 2256%
    Jun 2271%
    Jul 2267%
    Aug 2271%68%
    Sep 2274%71%
    Oct 2274%70%
    Nov 2270%67%
    Dec 2270%66%
    Jan 2377%
    Feb 2376%
    Mar 2373%

    Source: IRCC official website


  • Police Clearance Certificate (PCC) for Canada Immigration

    Most immigration and visa programs for Canada require a police clearance certificate commonly known as PCC or just police certificate.

    A PCC is a simple statement that you need to get from the police. It states if you have a criminal record/charges against you or not.

    The purpose of this certificate is to assure that you are not a security risk to Canada. IRCC needs to know that you have not been involved in any criminal activity.

    However, if you have a criminal record, IRCC will assess your admissibility on the basis of this certificate.

    If the immigration officer feels that you with your past criminal activity pose a danger to Canada, they may deny your entry. 

    PCC can usually take around a month or more depending upon your country of birth/citizenship/long stay.

    So, it is always advisable to apply it proactively to avoid unnecessary delays in processing.

    This article lists everything you need to know about getting a police certificate.

    When do you need a PCC for Canada immigration?

    Most immigration programs in Canada require you to provide a police clearance certificate. Furthermore, you may also need a PCC for Canadian Citizenship.

    If you are applying for a PR through any category (Express Entry, International Experience Candidate, or Provincial Nominee Programs) you need this certificate.

    Every person aged 18 or over needs to prove that they are not criminally inadmissible. Furthermore, Any family member applying with the primary applicant also needs a certificate.

    Also, spousal sponsorship also needs a police certificate. 

    So, anybody planning to come to Canada permanently or for a long period of time needs this certificate.

    What should the police certificate include?

    Each country has a different police verification certificate. However, your certificate must include- 

    • Logo of the authority
    • Date of issue
    • A clear subject line that shows it is a police clearance certificate, judicial record extract, good conduct certificate, or similar
    • Statement attesting lack of criminal record or list of offences
    • Seal/sign of the official authority.
    police clearance certificate india from canada

    If your police certification is in another language, you must also provide an official/certified translation of the document and an affidavit with your application.

    Where to get your police certificate from?

    You need to get the certificate from the country of current residence (if outside Canada) and from each country you have resided in for more than 6 months since your 18th birthday.

    The process of getting this differs from country to country. Click here to know “How to get a police certificate” depending upon your country of citizenship.

    In some countries, this certificate is also called a judicial record extract or even a good conduct certificate.

    So, it is important to ensure that the police certificate you are getting is accepted by CIC. 

    Also, if you’re unable to get a police certificate from your country, you’re responsible to show why you can’t get one.

    To prove that you can’t get a police certificate, you must:

    • show proof that you requested a police certificate from the correct authorities and
    • write a letter explaining all the efforts you have taken to get one

  • IEC 2023: Second Draw of The Year Sent 7,118 New Invites

    International Experience Canada – IEC 2023: IEC 2023 sent 7,118 in the second round of invitation for the week ending January 20, 2023.

    6,370 invitations were sent under the Working Holiday category of IEC. There are currently 22,114 candidates in Working Holiday pool from 32 countries.

    398 invites went to Young Professional category and 350 to international Co-op (internship) category.

    Last week, the first round of invitation of IEC 2023 sent whopping 11,490 invitations. IEC current season has a processing time of 7 weeks as of January 18 IRCC processing update.

    This article enlist the Countries with invitations issued as of January 20, 2023.

    1. IEC 2023 Working Holiday

    The type of work permit you get for Working Holiday is an open work permit.

    This lets you work for almost any employer in Canada.

    This category is for you if you:

    • don’t have a job offer
    • want to work for more than one employer in Canada
    • want to work in more than one location
    • like to earn some money so that you can travel
    CountryInvitations Issued This Week (Jan 16 – 20)Total Invitations (IEC 2023)Candidates In PoolAvailable Spots
    Andorra01125
    Australia4151,470214Unlimited
    Austria11761250
    Belgium8932745519
    ChileN/AN/A5,955To Be Announced
    Costa Rica52880561
    Croatia16380251
    Czech Republic8932629796
    Denmark256019308
    Estonia1331590
    France1,6212,8049,7645,063
    GermanyN/AN/A1,283To Be Announced
    Greece3812012102
    Hong Kong3412211125
    Ireland6391,9552819,292
    Italy162542591,405
    Japan3861,1361895,677
    Korea Republic1,2002,2202,7552,617
    Latvia642515
    Lithuania1291291298
    Luxembourg110173
    Netherlands8132342222
    New Zealand170547762,119
    Norway8242115
    Poland4823527485
    Portugal82222431,602
    San Marino00225
    Slovakia16016024219
    Slovenia417171
    Spain19051782456
    Sweden235814548
    United Kingdom7252,6043443,363
    Total6,37016,14422,11435,792

    2. IEC 2023 Young Professionals

    The type of work permit you get in the Young Professionals category is an employer-specific work permit.

    This category is for you if

    • you have a job offer in Canada that contributes to your professional development
    • you’ll work for the same employer in the same location during your stay in Canada
    CountryInvitations Issued This Week (Jan 16 – 20)Total Invitations (IEC 2023)Candidates In PoolAvailable Spots
    Australia10227Unlimited
    Austria02059
    ChileN/AN/A133To Be Announced
    Costa Rica528290
    Croatia23018
    Czech Republic17639105
    Estonia1209
    France2087231161,768
    GermanyN/AN/A91To Be Announced
    Greece165280
    Ireland7275139
    Italy16699172
    Latvia0207
    LithuaniaN/A9114
    Luxembourg00010
    Netherlands14486143
    Norway12013
    Poland419399
    Portugal1101194
    SlovakiaN/A16220
    Slovenia00015
    Spain5403129
    Sweden210095
    Switzerland84814166
    Taiwan939432
    Total3981,2884213,207

    3. IEC – International Co-op (Internship)

    The type of work permit you get in the International Co-op (Internship) category is an employer-specific work permit.

    This category is for you if

    • you’re a student registered at a post-secondary institution
    • you have a job offer for a work placement or internship in Canada
    • you need to do this work placement or internship to complete your studies
    • you’ll work for the same employer in the same location during your stay in Canada
    CountryInvitations Issued This Week (Jan 16 – 20)Total Invitations (IEC 2023)Candidates In PoolAvailable Spots
    Australia000Unlimited
    Austria11019
    ChileN/AN/A1To Be Announced
    Costa Rica0005
    Croatia0005
    Czech Republic0005
    Estonia0005
    France3431,1551663,411
    Germany
    N/A36To Be Announced
    Greece00010
    Ireland24047
    Italy02048
    Latvia0002
    Lithuania0005
    Luxembourg1309
    Norway0005
    Poland0203
    Portugal00050
    Slovakia0005
    Slovenia0005
    Spain02049
    Sweden00020
    Switzerland25248
    Taiwan1209
    Total35011762053,765

    Source: IRCC


    IEC 2023
  • IRCC Doubles PR Quota For Out-Of-Status Construction Workers In GTA

    Today, IRCC announced doubling the Permanent Residency (PR) quota, for the out-of-status construction workers in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA).

    Julie Dzerowicz, Member of Parliament for Davenport and Peter Fonseca, Member of Parliament for Mississauga East-Cooksville made this announcement today, on the behalf of IRCC Minister Sean Fraser.

    Out-Of-Status Construction Workers pilot program was initially announced in 2019 with allocation of PR spots to 500 out-of-status construction workers in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA).

    Today, IRCC extended and expanded, doubling its scope to 1,000 out-of-status construction workers in the GTA.

    GTA for this pilot program consists of City of Toronto and the regions of Durham, Halton, Peel, York. This pilot is currently open until January 2, 2024.

    Eligibility For Out-Of Status Construction Workers Pilot Program?

    Applicants with significant work experience in construction occupations in the GTA, family members in Canada, and a referral letter from the CLC.

    Furthermore, they have no reason for being inadmissible other than overstaying their visa and working without authorization.

    You can apply for permanent residency under this governmental policy, if you:

    • have entered Canada as a temporary resident but currently have no status
    • live in Canada and have been here for at least 5 years
    • have worked a minimum of 4,680 hours in these 5 years (1 full-time job OR 1 or more part-time jobs OR a combination of full-time and part-time work)
    • have family in Canada (mother, father, brother, sister, grandmother, grandfather, grandchild, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew, or cousin)
    • be referred by the Canadian Labour Congress (CLC)
    • be otherwise admissible to Canada

    List of Eligible Occupations For Out-Of Status Construction Workers Pilot Program

    • NOC 72010 – Contractors and supervisors, machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades and related occupations
    • NOC 72011 – Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations
    • NOC 72012 – Contractors and supervisors, pipefitting trades
    • NOC 72013 – Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades
    • NOC 72014 – Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers
    • NOC 72100 – Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors
    • NOC 72101 – Tool and die makers
    • NOC 72102 – Sheet metal workers
    • NOC 72103 – Boilermakers
    • NOC 72104 – Structural metal and platework fabricators and fitters
    • NOC 72105 – Ironworkers
    • NOC 72106 – Welders and related machine operators
    • NOC 72200 – Electricians (except industrial and power system)
    • NOC 72201 – Industrial electricians
    • NOC 72202 – Power system electricians
    • NOC 72203 – Electrical power line and cable workers
    • NOC 72204 – Telecommunications line and cable workers
    • NOC 72205 – Telecommunications installation and repair workers
    • NOC 72300 – Plumbers
    • NOC 72301 – Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers
    • NOC 72302 – Gas fitters
    • NOC 72310 – Carpenters
    • NOC 72311 – Cabinetmakers
    • NOC 72320 – Bricklayers
    • NOC 72321 – Insulators
    • NOC 72020 – Contractors and supervisors, mechanic trades
    • NOC 72021 – Contractors and supervisors, heavy equipment operator crews
    • NOC 72022 – Supervisors, printing and related occupations
    • NOC 72023 – Supervisors, railway transport operations
    • NOC 72024 – Supervisors, motor transport and other ground transit operators
    • NOC 72400 – Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics
    • NOC 72401 – Heavy-duty equipment mechanics
    • NOC 72402 – Heating, refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics
    • NOC 72403 – Railway carmen/women
    • NOC 72404 – Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors
    • NOC 72405 – Machine fitters
    • NOC 72406 – Elevator constructors and mechanics
    • NOC 72410 – Automotive service technicians, truck and bus mechanics and mechanical repairers
    • NOC 72411 – Auto body collision, refinishing and glass technicians and damage repair estimators
    • NOC 72420 – Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics
    • NOC 72421 – Appliance servicers and repairers
    • NOC 72422 – Electrical mechanics
    • NOC 72423 – Motorcycle, all-terrain vehicle and other related mechanics
    • NOC 72429 – Other small engine and small equipment repairers
    • NOC 72500 – Crane operators
    • NOC 72501 – Water well drillers
    • NOC 72999 – Other technical trades and related occupations
    • NOC 73100 – Concrete finishers
    • NOC 73101 – Tilesetters
    • NOC 73102 – Plasterers, drywall installers and finishers and lathers
    • NOC 73110 – Roofers and shinglers
    • NOC 73111 – Glaziers
    • NOC 73112 – Painters and decorators (except interior decorators)
    • NOC 73113 – Floor covering installers
    • NOC 73200 – Residential and commercial installers and servicers
    • NOC 73310 – Railway and yard locomotive engineers
    • NOC 73311 – Railway conductors and brakemen/women
    • NOC 73400 – Heavy equipment operators
    • NOC 73401 – Printing press operators
    • NOC 73402 – Drillers and blasters – surface mining, quarrying and construction
    • NOC 75110 – Construction trades helpers and labourers

  • Express Entry Draw Sent 5,500 New Invites For PR-January 18

    Today, second Express Entry Draw of 2023 again invited 5,500 profiles to apply for permanent residency (PR).

    Applicants having a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score of 490 or above received the invitations.

    Initial cut off score mentioned on the official website of IRCC was 507 which was incorrect.

    IRCC has also updated the correct CRS cut off score on their official website as of now.

    So, the CRS cut off score has reduced by only 17 points to 490 as compared to Express Entry draw on January 11, 2023.

    Furthermore, number of invites remained same as in the previous draw. This draw came in as a surprise because Express Entry draws are usually held bi-weekly.

    This is also one of the reason for drastic drop in CRS cut off score.

    Below are the details of today’s All Program Express Entry draw.

    • Number of invitations issued: 5,500
    • Rank required to be invited to apply: 5,500 or above
    • Date and time of round: January 18, 2023 16:13:57 UTC
    • CRS score of lowest-ranked candidate invited: 490
    • Tie-breaking rule: November 24, 2022 21:14:59 UTC

    If more than one candidate has the lowest score, the cut-off is based on the date and time they submitted their Express Entry profiles.

    All program Express Entry draws include all the the Express Entry profiles under Canadian Experience Class (CEC), Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), and Federal Skilled Trades (FSTP).

    Additionally, it also consider profiles under any of the aforementioned categories having a provincial nomination.

    Next Express Entry draw cut off is also projected to be around 485 as per CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of January 18, 2023 listed below.

    CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of January 18, 2023

    Express entry draw january 18

    Latest processing time for Express Entry as of January 18

    As of January 18, Express Entry processing times increased for all the three categories as listed below:

    • Canadian Experience Class – 20 months
    • Federal Skilled Worker Program – 30 months
    • Federal Skilled Trades Program – 63 months
    • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) via Express Entry – 12 months

    Full History of Canada Express Entry Draws since January 2022

    DateImmigration programInvitations issuedCRS Score Cut-Off
    January 11, 2023No Program Specified5,500507
    November 23, 2022No Program Specified4,750491
    November 9, 2022No Program Specified4,750494
    October 26, 2022No Program Specified4,750496
    October 12, 2022No Program Specified4,250500
    September 28, 2022No Program Specified3,750504
    September 14, 2022No Program Specified3,250510
    August 31, 2022No Program Specified2,750516
    August 17, 2022No Program Specified2,250525
    August 3, 2022No Program Specified2,000533
    July 20, 2022No Program Specified1,750542
    July 6, 2022No Program Specified1,500557
    June 22, 2022Provincial Nominee Program636752
    June 8, 2022Provincial Nominee Program932796
    May 25, 2022Provincial Nominee Program590741
    May 11, 2022Provincial Nominee Program545753
    April 27, 2022Provincial Nominee Program829772
    April 13, 2022Provincial Nominee Program787782
    March 30, 2022Provincial Nominee Program919785
    March 16, 2022Provincial Nominee Program924754
    March 2, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,047761
    February 16, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,082710
    February 2, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,070674
    January 19, 2022Provincial Nominee Program1,036745
    January 5, 2022Provincial Nominee Program392808

    What is Express Entry System?

    Express Entry system is the fastest way to get Canadian Permanent Residency (PR). It has processing time of 6 months after submission of documents following the ITA.

    The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), a points-based methodology, is used by Express Entry to rate applicant profiles. The highest-scoring applicants are given an Invitation to Apply (ITA), after which they can submit an application for permanent residence.

    The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), and the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) all use Express Entry as their application management system (FSTP).

    Candidates for the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) who are in the Express Entry pool are already qualified for at least one of these programmes.


About Shanvi Kaur 107 Articles
Shanvi Kaur is a content writer at Immigration News Canada. She moved to Canada as an immigrant and now focuses on bringing the latest news to immigrants to make their journey easier in Canada!